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Interactive Listing of Neotropical Butterflies
(from Mexico to Patagonia)

28-VIII-2015

USING THE IMAGE ARCHIVE:

FINDING A SINGLE TAXON: If you know the scientific or common name the easiest way to find it is to:

- Hold down the CONTROL KEY (on PC's) or the COMMAND KEY (on Mac's), select "F", then type the name in the window that appears. This will take you to the first instance the name appears on the Master List. If there are several choices use the arrows next to the search box to scroll through them.

SEARCH ENGINE: Typing a name into the SEARCH BOX at the top of each webpage allows you to search the entire website for data; It reads all of the CAPTIONS beneath the images, the REFERENCE LIBRARY and GLOSSARY and lists all the instances where the name occurs.

OPENING A MAIN SPECIES PAGE: Once you've found a taxon you wish to view select the highlighted COMMON NAME or DISTRIBUTION NOTES which will open the MAIN SPECIES PAGE. Selecting the thumbnails on this page will open the image pages.


USING THE THUMBNAIL PAGES:
(Note: The links to thumbnails pages will highlight with a black background when you "hover" your mouse over the link and a small text box called a tool tip will appear telling you where the link will go).

- FAMILY THUMBNAILS: Selecting the blue highlighted name within a FAMILY, SUBFAMILY or TRIBE name will display all the thumbnail images for that group. Caution: if you have a slower internet connection selecting a large group could take a very long time to complete.

- GENUS THUMBNAILS: To view all the thumbnails for a genus select the first blue highlighted name in the series.

- SPECIES THUMBNAILS: To view just the thumbnail images for a single species choose the first highlighted SPECIES name in the series

- SUBSPECIES THUMBNAILS: To view just the thumbnail images for a single subspecies choose the SUBSPECIES or AUTHORS name.



Scientific Name Common Name Distribution, notes
   Family PAPILIONIDAE Latreille, [1802]SWALLOWTAILS 
   
   Subfamily Baroniinae   
   
Baronia brevicornis brevicornis Salvin, 1893BaroniaSW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Baronia brevicornis rufodiscalis J. Maza & J. White, 1987BaroniaChiapas; TL: Mexico (Chia)
   
   Subfamily Parnassiinae   
   
Parnassius eversmanni thor H. Edwards, 1881Eversmann's ParnassianAlaska, YK, W NT, N BC; TL: USA (Ak)
Parnassius clodius strohbeeni Sternitzky, 1945Clodius ParnassianSanta Cruz Mtns, CA; apparently extinct; TL: USA (Ca)
Parnassius clodius clodius Ménétriés, 1855Clodius ParnassianN CA; Marin to Trinity cos.; TL: USA (Ca)
Parnassius clodius claudianus Stichel, 1907Clodius Parnassianfar N CA (Siskiyous) to SW BC; Cascades westward; TL: USA (Wa)
Parnassius clodius pseudogallatinus Bryk, 1913Clodius ParnassianCascades of N WA & S BC; TL: Canada (BC)
Parnassius clodius incredibilis Bryk, 1935Clodius ParnassianMt. St. Elias, Alaska; types possibly mislabeled; TL: USA (Ak)
Parnassius clodius sol Bryk & Eisner, 1932Clodius ParnassianCA; Tulare to Modoc & S Siskiyou Cos.; Warners?; usually < 7000'; TL: USA (Ca)
Parnassius clodius baldur W. H. Edwards, 1877Clodius ParnassianCA; S Sierra Nevada, usually above 7000'; TL: USA (Ca)
Parnassius clodius (S Sierra Nevada segregate)Clodius ParnassianSouthern Sierra Nevada (Kern-Tulare Cos.), CA
Parnassius clodius altaurus Dyar, 1903Clodius Parnassian[= shepardi]; SE BC, E WA, ID, W MT, NW WY, E OR; TL: USA (Id)
Parnassius clodius menetriesii H. Edwards, 1877Clodius ParnassianN UT; TL: USA (Ut)
Parnassius phoebus apricatus Stichel, 1906Phoebus ParnassianS Alaska to NW BC; TL: USA (Ak)
Parnassius phoebus golovinus W. Holland, 1930Phoebus ParnassianSeward Peninsula, Alaska; TL: USA (Ak)
Parnassius behrii W. H. Edwards, 1870Sierra Nevada ParnassianCA Sierra Nevada; TL: USA (Ca)
Parnassius smintheus sternitzkyi McDunnough, 1937Rocky Mountain ParnassianSiskiyou/ S Cascade Mts, NW CA-SW OR; TL: USA (Ca)
Parnassius smintheus olympianna Burdick, 1941Rocky Mountain ParnassianOlympic Mts, NW WA; Vancouver I., SW BC; TL: USA (Wa)
Parnassius smintheus yukonensis Eisner, 1969Rocky Mountain ParnassianSW YK, NW BC; TL: Canada (YT)
Parnassius smintheus smintheus E. Doubleday, 1847Rocky Mountain ParnassianRocky Mtns., E BC-W ALTA to N MT; TL: Canada (Ab)
Parnassius smintheus magnus W. G. Wright, 1905Rocky Mountain ParnassianS BC, E WA, E OR, ID, W MT, NW WY; TL: Canada (BC)
Parnassius smintheus maximus Bryk & Eisner, 1937Rocky Mountain ParnassianC & E MT; TL: USA (Mt)
Parnassius smintheus sayii W. H. Edwards, 1863Rocky Mountain Parnassian[= hermodur]; NE NV, UT, S & E WY, W SD, W NB, CO, N NM; TL: USA (Co)
Parnassius smintheus pseudorotgeri Eisner, 1966Rocky Mountain ParnassianSW CO; San Juan Mtns.; TL: USA (Co)
   
   Subfamily Papilioninae   
   
   Tribe Leptocircini   
   
Eurytides iphitas Hübner, [1821] TL: [Brazil]
Eurytides dolicaon septentrionalis K. Brown, 1994Thin-tailed Kite-Swallowtailcentral Panama; TL: Panama
Eurytides dolicaon hebreus K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: Colombia
Eurytides dolicaon tromes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Venezuela
Eurytides dolicaon cauraensis Möhn, 2002 TL: Venezuela
Eurytides dolicaon dolicaon (Cramer, 1775) TL: East Indies
Eurytides dolicaon deileon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Eurytides dolicaon deicoon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864) TL: Brazil
Eurytides callias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: [Brazil (Pa)]
Eurytides columbus (Kollar, 1850) TL: [Colombia]
Eurytides serville acritus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Venezuela
Eurytides serville serville (Godart, [1824]) TL: South America
Eurytides orabilis orabilis (A. Butler, 1872)Thick-edged Kite-SwallowtailCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Eurytides orabilis isocharis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Eurytides salvini (H. Bates, 1864)Salvin’s Kite-SwallowtailSE Mexico to Honduras; TL: Guatemala
Eurytides bellerophon (Dalman, 1823) TL: Brazil?
Protesilaus telesilaus dolius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Telesilaus SwallowtailC Panama to Trinidad and NW Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Protesilaus telesilaus telesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864) TL: Colombia; Brazil (Am)
Protesilaus telesilaus salobrensis (R.F. d'Almeida, 1941) TL: Brazil (MT)
Protesilaus telesilaus vitellus (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Protesilaus stenodesmus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Paraguay
Protesilaus earis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Protesilaus orthosilaus (Weymer, 1899) TL: Paraguay
Protesilaus helios (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Protesilaus protesilaus dariensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Great Kite-SwallowtailCosta Rica & Panama to N Venezuela; TL: Panama
Protesilaus protesilaus archesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Protesilaus protesilaus protesilaus (Linnaeus, 1758) TL: North America
Protesilaus protesilaus nigricornis (Staudinger, 1884) TL: Brazil (SP)
Protesilaus macrosilaus penthesilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Five-striped Kite-SwallowtailSE Mexico to Guatemala and El Salvador; TL: Mexico
Protesilaus macrosilaus macrosilaus (G. Gray, [1853])Five-striped Kite-SwallowtailHonduras to Costa Rica; TL: Honduras
Protesilaus macrosilaus leucones (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Protesilaus molops molops (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Protesilaus molops hetaerius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia; Guyana; Peru; Surinam; Ecuador; Bolivia
Protesilaus molops megalurus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (MG)
Protesilaus glaucolaus glaucolaus (H. Bates, 1864)Glaucolaus SwallowtailPanama to C Colombia; TL: Panama
Protesilaus glaucolaus melaenus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Protesilaus glaucolaus leucas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Protesilaus leucosilaus (J. Zikán, 1937) TL: Brazil (Am)
Protesilaus aguiari (R.F. d'Almeida, 1937) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Neographium epidaus tepicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Mexican Kite-SwallowtailNW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Jal; Nay)
Neographium epidaus fenochionis (Salvin & Godman, 1868)Mexican Kite-SwallowtailSW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Oax)
Neographium epidaus epidaus (E. Doubleday, 1846)Mexican Kite-SwallowtailE Mexico to NW Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Yuc); Honduras
Neographium agesilaus fortis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Short-lined Kite-SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Neographium agesilaus neosilaus (Hopffer, 1865)Short-lined Kite-SwallowtailE Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico ([Oax])
Neographium agesilaus eimeri (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Short-lined Kite-SwallowtailPanama & W Colombia; TL: Colombia
Neographium agesilaus agesilaus (Guérin-Méneville & Percheron, 1835) TL: Colombia
Neographium agesilaus autosilaus (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Am)
Neographium agesilaus montanum (Küppers, 1974) TL: Peru
Neographium agesilaus viridis (Röber, 1926) TL: Colombia?
Neographium marcellus (Cramer, 1777)Zebra SwallowtailE USA & Canada; TL: USA (Va)
Neographium zonaria (A. Butler, 1869)Hispaniolan Kite-SwallowtailHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Neographium philolaus philolaus (Boisduval, 1836)Dark Kite-SwallowtailTexas and Sinaloa S to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Neographium philolaus xanticles (H. Bates, 1863)Dark Kite-SwallowtailPanama, N Colombia, N Venezuela; TL: Panama
Neographium anaxilaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Small Kite-SwallowtailPanama, N Colombia, N Venezuela; TL: Colombia
Neographium celadon (Lucas, 1852)Cuban Kite-SwallowtailCuba & Isla de Juventud; TL: North America
Neographium marcellinus (E. Doubleday, [1845])Jamaican Kite-SwallowtailJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Neographium thyastes occidentalis (R. F. Maza, 1982)Orange Kite-SwallowtailSW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Neographium thyastes marchandii (Boisduval, 1836)Orange Kite-SwallowtailE Mexico to Honduras; TL: Mexico
Neographium thyastes panamensis (Oberthür, 1879)Orange Kite-SwallowtailNicaragua and Costa Rica to NW Ecuador; TL: Panama
Neographium thyastes thyastinus (Oberthür, 1879) TL: Ecuador
Neographium thyastes thyastes (Drury, 1782) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Neographium calliste calliste (H. Bates, 1864)Yellow Kite-SwallowtailSE Mexico to El Salvador and Hondruas; TL: Guatemala
Neographium calliste olbius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Yellow Kite-SwallowtailCosta Rica to W Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Neographium dioxippus lacandones (H. Bates, 1864)Thick-bordered Kite-SwallowtailSE Mexico to W Panama; TL: Guatemala
Neographium dioxippus dioxippus (Hewitson, [1856])Thick-bordered Kite-SwallowtailC Panama to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Neographium dioxippus marae (T. Racheli, Bollino & Sala, 1990) TL: Venezuela
Neographium dioxippus diores (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Neographium leucaspis lamidis (K. Brown & Lamas, 1994) TL: Colombia
Neographium leucaspis leucaspis (Godart, 1819) TL: Peru?
Neographium asius (Fabricius, 1781) TL: South America
Mimoides lysithous sebastianus (Oberthür, 1879) TL: Brazil
Mimoides lysithous harrisianus (Swainson, 1822) TL: ?
Mimoides lysithous rurik (Eschscholtz, 1821) TL: Brazil (SC)
Mimoides lysithous lysithous (Hübner, [1821]) TL: ?
Mimoides lysithous eupatorion (Lucas, [1859]) TL: Brazil
Mimoides thymbraeus thymbraeus (Boisduval, 1836)White-crescent SwallowtailSE Mexico to Honduras; TL: Mexico
Mimoides thymbraeus aconophos (G. Gray, [1853])White-crescent SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Pue)
Mimoides pausanias prasinus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Bluish Mimic-SwallowtailCosta Rica & W Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Mimoides pausanias cleombrotus (Strecker, 1885)Bluish Mimic-SwallowtailE Panama to N Ecuador; TL: [Peru]
Mimoides pausanias hermolaus (Guenée, 1872) TL: Venezuela
Mimoides pausanias tabaquita (Kaye, 1925) TL: Trinidad
Mimoides pausanias pausanias (Hewitson, 1852) TL: Surinam; Brazil (Am)
Mimoides protodamas (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Mimoides phaon phaon (Boisduval, 1836)Variable SwallowtailNE Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico; Peru
Mimoides phaon therodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Mimoides euryleon clusoculis (A. Butler, 1872)False Cattleheart SwallowtailCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Mimoides euryleon euryleon (Hewitson, [1856]) TL: Colombia
Mimoides euryleon pithonius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Mimoides euryleon rodriquezi Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002 TL: Colombia
Mimoides euryleon haenschi (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Mimoides euryleon anatmus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Mimoides ilus occiduus (Vázquez, 1957)Ilus SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Mimoides ilus branchus (E. Doubleday, 1846)Ilus SwallowtailE Mexico to N Costa Rica; TL: Honduras
Mimoides ilus ilus (Fabricius, 1793)Ilus SwallowtailPanama to N Colombia & C Venezuela; TL: America
Mimoides ariarathes evagorides K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: Venezuela
Mimoides ariarathes demerara K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: Guyana
Mimoides ariarathes ariarathes (Esper, 1788) TL: South America
Mimoides ariarathes gayi (Lucas, 1852) TL: Peru
Mimoides ariarathes illuminatus (Niepelt, 1928) TL: Colombia
Mimoides ariarathes arianus (Staudinger, 1884) TL: Brazil (Am); Peru
Mimoides ariarathes metagenes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Mimoides ariarathes leuctra (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (Go)
Mimoides xeniades isus (Oberthür, 1879) TL: Colombia
Mimoides xeniades halex (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Mimoides xeniades xeniades (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Ecuador
Mimoides xeniades tabaconas (Joicey & Talbot, 1918) TL: Peru
Mimoides xeniades imaus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Mimoides xeniades signatus Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994 TL: [Peru]
Mimoides xynias trapeza (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Mimoides xynias xynias (Hewitson, 1875) TL: Bolivia
Mimoides microdamas (Burmeister, 1878) TL: Argentina
   
   Tribe Troidini   
   
Battus philenor philenor (Linnaeus, 1771)Pipevine SwallowtailMexico, S & E USA & Canada; TL: America
Battus philenor hirsuta (Skinner, 1908)'California' Pipevine Swallowtailcentral and northern California; TL: USA (Ca)
Battus philenor insularis Vázquez, 1957'Revillagigedo' Pipevine SwallowtailIslas Revillagigedo, Colima; TL: Mexico (Col)
Battus philenor orsua (Godman & Salvin, 1889)'Tres Marias' Pipevine SwallowtailIslas Tres Marias, Nayarit; TL: Mexico (Nay)
Battus philenor acauda (Oberthür, 1879)'Yucatan' Pipevine SwallowtailYucatan Peninsula and surrounding areas; TL: ?
Battus devilliersii (Godart, 1823)De Villiers' SwallowtailCuba, N & S Andros; TL: Cuba
Battus zetides (Munroe, 1971)Zetides SwallowtailHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Battus polydamas polydamas (Linnaeus, 1758)Polydamas Swallowtailcontinental; TL: America
Battus polydamas lucayus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailSE USA & Bahamas; TL: Bahamas
Battus polydamas cubensis (Dufrane, 1946)Polydamas SwallowtailCuba & Isla de Juventud; TL: Cuba
Battus polydamas jamaicensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Battus polydamas polycrates (Hopffer, 1865)Polydamas SwallowtailHispaniola; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Battus polydamas thyamus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailVirgin Islands, Puerto Rico, Culebra; TL: St. Thomas
Battus polydamas antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailAntigua; extinct; TL: Antigua
Battus polydamas christopheranus (A. Hall, 1936)Polydamas SwallowtailSt. Kitts, St. Christopher, Montserrat, Nevis; TL: St. Kitts
Battus polydamas neodamas (Lucas, 1852)Polydamas SwallowtailGuadeloupe & Marie-Galante; TL: [Guadeloupe]
Battus polydamas dominicus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailDominica; TL: Dominica
Battus polydamas cebriones (Dalman, 1823)Polydamas Swallowtail[= xenodamus]; Martinique; TL: ?
Battus polydamas lucianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailSt. Lucia; TL: St. Lucia
Battus polydamas vincentius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Polydamas SwallowtailSt. Vincent (possibly northern Grenadines); TL: St. Vincent
Battus polydamas grenadensis (A. Hall, 1930)Polydamas SwallowtailGrenada, southern Grenadines; TL: Grenada
Battus polydamas streckerianus (Honrath, 1884) TL: Peru
Battus polydamas peruanus (Fuchs, 1954) TL: Peru
Battus polydamas atahualpa T. Racheli & Pischedda, 1987 TL: Peru
Battus polydamas weyrauchi Lamas, 1998 TL: Peru
Battus polydamas renani Lamas, 1998 TL: Peru
Battus polydamas psittacus (J. Molina, 1782) TL: Chile
Battus madyes adloni (Ehrmann, 1926) TL: Ecuador
Battus madyes philetas (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Battus madyes lojaensis Möhn, 1999 TL: Ecuador
Battus madyes magnimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1925) TL: Peru
Battus madyes plinius (Weymer, 1890) TL: Peru
Battus madyes buechei Lamas, 1998 TL: Peru
Battus madyes callangaensis Möhn, 2001 TL: Peru
Battus madyes chlorodamas (Guenée, 1872) TL: Peru
Battus madyes montebanus (Dyar, 1913) TL: Peru
Battus madyes crispatus Lamas, 2001 TL: Peru
Battus madyes madyes (E. Doubleday, 1846) TL: Bolivia
Battus madyes tucumanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Argentina
Battus eracon (Godman & Salvin, 1897)West-Mexican SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Col)
Battus polystictus galenus (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Surinam
Battus polystictus polystictus (A. Butler, 1874) TL: Brazil (RS)
Battus laodamas iopas (Godman & Salvin, 1897)Green-patch SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Col)
Battus laodamas copanae (Reakirt, 1863)Green-patch SwallowtailE Mexico to N Costa Rica; TL: Guatemala
Battus laodamas rhipidius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Green-patch SwallowtailCosta Rica to Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Battus laodamas laodamas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859) TL: Colombia
Battus ingenuus (Dyar, 1907)Dyar's SwallowtailSE Mexico to E Venezuela, Trinidad, and Ecuador; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Battus lycidas (Cramer, 1777)Cramer's SwallowtailSE Mexico to N Bolivia and S Pará, Brazil; TL: Surinam
Battus belus varus (Kollar, 1850) TL: Colombia
Battus belus belus (Cramer, 1777) TL: Surinam
Battus belus aureochloris K. Brown, 1994 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Battus belus belemus (H. Bates, 1864) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Battus belus cochabamba (Weeks, 1901) TL: Bolivia
Battus crassus lepidus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)Crassus SwallowtailCosta Rica to E Venezuela and W Ecuador; TL: Venezuela
Battus crassus crassus (Cramer, 1777) TL: Surinam
Battus crassus hirundo (Röber, 1925) TL: Bolivia
Battus crassus paraensis K. Brown, 1994 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Euryades corethrus (Boisduval, 1836) TL: ?
Euryades duponchelii (Lucas, 1839) TL: Argentina
Parides gundlachianus alayoi L. Hernández, Alayón & D. Smith, 1995Cuban CattleheartPinar del Río, W Cuba; TL: Cuba
Parides gundlachianus gundlachianus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)Cuban CattleheartE Cuba; TL: Cuba
Parides ascanius (Cramer, 1775) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Parides agavus (Drury, 1782) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Parides proneus (Hübner, [1831]) TL: Brazil
Parides phalaecus phalaecus (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Parides phalaecus nieva Möhn, 1999 TL: Peru
Parides bunichus diodorus (Hopffer, 1865) TL: Brazil
Parides bunichus bunichus (Hübner, [1821]) TL: ?
Parides bunichus chamissonia (Eschscholtz, 1821) TL: Brazil
Parides bunichus perrhebus (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Paraguay; Brazil (RS)
Parides bunichus damocrates (Guenée, 1872) TL: Argentina
Parides montezuma (Westwood, 1842)Montezuma’s CattleheartNE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Parides alopius (Godman & Salvin, 1890)White-dotted CattleheartS Arizona (stray), W Mexico; TL: Mexico (Chih; Dur)
Parides photinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)Pink-spotted CattleheartNE & NW Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico?
Parides klagesi (Ehrmann, 1904) TL: Venezuela
Parides vercingetorix (Oberthür, 1888) TL: French Guiana
Parides quadratus spoliatus (Staudinger, 1898) TL: Brazil (Am); Peru
Parides quadratus quadratus (Staudinger, 1890) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides pizarro pizarro (Staudinger, 1884) TL: Brazil (Am); Peru
Parides pizarro kuhlmanni (E. May, 1925) TL: Brazil (Ac)
Parides pizarro steinbachi (Rothschild, 1905) TL: Bolivia
Parides hahneli (Staudinger, 1882) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides mithras mithras (Grose-Smith, 1902) TL: Guyana
Parides mithras marajoara K. Brown, 1994 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides chabrias chabrias (Hewitson, 1852) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides chabrias ygdrasilla Hemming, 1935 TL: ?
Parides aeneas bolivar (Hewitson, 1850) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides aeneas huallaga T. Racheli, 1988 TL: Peru
Parides aeneas damis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Parides aeneas tucha T. Racheli, 1988 TL: Peru
Parides aeneas lamasi T. Racheli, 1988 TL: Peru
Parides aeneas locris (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Bolivia
Parides aeneas opalinus (A. Butler, 1877) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides aeneas gabrielensis (Bryk, 1953) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides aeneas aeneas (Linnaeus, 1758) TL: Asia
Parides aeneas didas K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: Surinam
Parides aeneas lucasi K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: French Guiana
Parides aeneas marcius (Hübner, [1816]) TL: ?
Parides aeneas linoides K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides tros tros (Fabricius, 1793) TL: Brazil
Parides tros danunciae O. Mielke, Casagrande & C. Mielke, 2000 TL: Brazil (Pr)
Parides orellana (Hewitson, 1852) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides burchellanus burchellanus (Westwood, 1872) TL: Brazil (MG)
Parides burchellanus jaguarae (Foetterle, 1902) TL: Brazil (MG; SP)
Parides panthonus panthonus (Cramer, 1780) TL: Surinam
Parides panthonus phylarchus (Hopffer, 1865) TL: French Guiana
Parides aglaope aglaope (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides aglaope lysimachus (Honrath, 1888) TL: Peru
Parides aglaope ecaudatus (Joicey & Talbot, 1924) TL: Brazil (MT)
Parides aglaope callicles (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Bolivia
Parides aglaope castilhoi R.F. d'Almeida, 1967 TL: Brazil (SP)
Parides lysander orinocoensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, [2002] TL: Colombia
Parides lysander brissonius (Hübner, [1819]) TL: ?
Parides lysander lysander (Cramer, 1775) TL: Surinam
Parides lysander parsodes (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides lysander antalcidas Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides lysander mattogrossensis (Talbot, 1928) TL: Brazil (MT)
Parides echemon empistocles Küppers, 1975 TL: Peru
Parides echemon pisander (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: ?
Parides echemon ergeteles (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides echemon echemon (Hübner, [1813]) TL: ?
Parides eurimedes mylotes (H. Bates, 1861)True CattleheartS Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Nicaragua
Parides eurimedes mycale (Godman & Salvin, 1890)True CattleheartPanama and far N Colombia; TL: Panama; Colombia
Parides eurimedes arriphus (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Colombia
Parides eurimedes emilius Constantino, 1999 TL: Colombia
Parides eurimedes antheas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Parides eurimedes eurimedes (Stoll, 1782) TL: Berbices
Parides eurimedes agathokles (Kollar, 1850) TL: [Colombia]
Parides eurimedes timias (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Ecuador
Parides neophilus parianus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Trinidad; Venezuela
Parides neophilus neophilus (Geyer, 1837) TL: Surinam
Parides neophilus olivencius (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides neophilus anaximenes (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides neophilus consus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Bolivia
Parides neophilus ecbolius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides neophilus eurybates (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: [Brazil]
Parides zacynthus polymetus (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil; Peru
Parides zacynthus zacynthus (Fabricius, 1793) TL: Brazil
Parides childrenae childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)Green-celled CattleheartSE Mexico to Panama; TL: Brazil
Parides childrenae latifasciata (E. Krüger, 1925) TL: Colombia
Parides childrenae unimacula (Joicey & Talbot, 1922) TL: Ecuador
Parides sesostris zestos (G. Gray, [1853])Emerald-patched CattleheartSE Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Honduras
Parides sesostris tarquinius (Boisduval, 1836)Emerald-patched CattleheartPanama, transandean Colombia, N Venezuela; TL: Colombia
Parides sesostris sesostris (Cramer, 1779) TL: Surinam
Parides sesostris trinitensis K. Brown, 1994 TL: Trinidad
Parides sesostris zischkai (Forster, 1955) TL: Bolivia
Parides panares panares (G. Gray, [1853])Wedge-spotted CattleheartOaxaca; TL: Mexico ([Oax])
Parides panares lycimenes (Boisduval, 1870)Wedge-spotted CattleheartChiapas to Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Parides panares erythrus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Parides panares paralius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Parides panares rachelii K. Brown, 1994 TL: Venezuela
Parides panares tachira T. Racheli, 1991 TL: Venezuela
Parides vertumnus vertumnus (Cramer, 1779) TL: Surinam
Parides vertumnus pseudobogotanus (R. Krüger, 1926) TL: French Guiana
Parides vertumnus pyrophanus (J. Zikán, 1937) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides vertumnus bogotanus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864) TL: Colombia
Parides vertumnus diceros (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides vertumnus cutora (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides vertumnus astorius (J. Zikán, 1940) TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides vertumnus autumnus (Staudinger, 1898) TL: Peru
Parides vertumnus yuracares (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Bolivia
Parides cutorina (Staudinger, 1898) TL: Brazil (Am); Peru
Parides phosphorus gratianus (Hewitson, 1861) TL: Colombia
Parides phosphorus laurae Bollino & Costa, 2004 TL: Venezuela
Parides phosphorus phosphorus (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Guyana
Parides phosphorus zopyron Lamas, 1998 TL: Peru
Parides phosphorus vavi T. Racheli, 1992 TL: Peru
Parides anchises marthilia R. G. Maza, 1999Anchises CattleheartChiapas; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Parides anchises farfan K. Brown, 1994Anchises CattleheartPanama (Pacific Coast); TL: Panama
Parides anchises alyattes (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia
Parides anchises serapis (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Colombia
Parides anchises osyris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Parides anchises cymochles (E. Doubleday, 1844) TL: Trinidad
Parides anchises orinocensis (Rousseau-Decelle, 1960) TL: Venezuela
Parides anchises anchises (Linnaeus, 1758) TL: America
Parides anchises bukuti Brévignon, 1998 TL: French Guiana
Parides anchises thelios (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parides anchises humaita D'Abrera, 1981 TL: Brazil (Am)
Parides anchises drucei (A. Butler, 1874) TL: Ecuador
Parides anchises zygma Lamas, 2001 TL: Colombia
Parides anchises koenigi T. Racheli, 1989 TL: Peru
Parides anchises marinae T. Racheli, 1987 TL: Peru
Parides anchises etias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Bolivia
Parides anchises orbignyanus (Lucas, 1852) TL: Argentina
Parides anchises foetterlei (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (SP)
Parides anchises nephalion (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Parides anchises stilbon (Kollar, 1839) TL: Brazil
Parides iphidamas iphidamas (Fabricius, 1793)Iphidamas CattleheartSE Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: ?
Parides iphidamas (Atlantic Coast, Panama segregate)Iphidamas CattleheartAtlantic Coast, Panama
Parides iphidamas elatos (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Parides iphidamas gorgonae Vélez & Salazar, 1991 TL: Colombia
Parides iphidamas phalias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Colombia
Parides iphidamas teneates (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Venezuela
Parides iphidamas calogyna (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador; Colombia
Parides iphidamas ayabacensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918) TL: Peru
Parides erithalion trichopus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Variable CattleheartW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Parides erithalion polyzelus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Variable CattleheartE Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Parides erithalion sadyattes (H. Druce, 1874)Variable CattleheartNicaragua and N Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Parides erithalion smalli K. Brown, 1994Variable CattleheartS Costa Rica & Panama; TL: Panama
Parides erithalion erithalion (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Colombia; Jamaica
Parides erithalion cauca (Oberthür, 1879) TL: Colombia
Parides erithalion chocoensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002 TL: Colombia
Parides erithalion palmasensis K. Brown, 1994 TL: Ecuador
Parides erithalion zeuxis (Lucas, 1852) TL: Venezuela
Parides erithalion inini Brévignon, 1998 TL: French Guiana
Parides erithalion keithi T. Racheli, 1991 TL: Venezuela
Parides erithalion browni Le Crom, Constantino & Salazar, 2002 TL: Colombia
Parides erithalion kruegeri (Niepelt, 1927) TL: Colombia
Parides erithalion guillerminae Pischedda & T. Racheli, 1986 TL: Ecuador
Parides erithalion lacydes (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Parides erithalion chinchipensis (Joicey & Talbot, 1918) TL: Peru
Parides erithalion xanthias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Parides erithalion callegarii T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1996 TL: Peru
Parides erithalion racheliorum Lamas, 1998 TL: Peru
Parides erithalion blanca T. Racheli & Möhn, 2001 TL: Peru
Parides erithalion yaminahua Pischedda & T. Racheli, 1987 TL: Peru
Parides erithalion erlaces (G. Gray, [1853]) TL: Bolivia
   
   Tribe Papilionini   
   
Heraclides hyppason (Cramer, 1775) TL: Surinam
Heraclides chiansiades dospassosi (Rütimeyer, 1969) TL: Colombia
Heraclides chiansiades chiansiades (Westwood, 1872) TL: Ecuador
Heraclides chiansiades maroni (Moreau, 1923) TL: French Guiana
Heraclides chiansiades mossi K. Brown, 1994 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Heraclides isidorus rhodostictus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874)Ruby-patched SwallowtailCosta Rica & W Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Heraclides isidorus pacificus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Ruby-patched SwallowtailE Panama to Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Heraclides isidorus nymphius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Ruby-patched SwallowtailTL: Colombia
Heraclides isidorus brises (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Ruby-patched SwallowtailTL: Colombia
Heraclides isidorus autana T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995Ruby-patched SwallowtailTL: Venezuela
Heraclides isidorus flavescens (Oberthür, 1879)Ruby-patched SwallowtailTL: Colombia
Heraclides isidorus isidorus (E. Doubleday, 1846)Ruby-patched SwallowtailTL: Bolivia
Heraclides isidorus tingo T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995Ruby-patched SwallowtailTL: Peru
Heraclides anchisiades idaeus (Fabricius, 1793)Ruby-spotted SwallowtailTexas to Colombia & NW Venezuela; TL: Madras
Heraclides anchisiades lamasi K. Brown, 1994Ruby-spotted SwallowtailTL: Ecuador
Heraclides anchisiades philastrius (Fruhstorfer, 1915)Ruby-spotted SwallowtailTL: Trinidad
Heraclides anchisiades anchisiades (Esper, 1788)Ruby-spotted SwallowtailTL: Surinam
Heraclides anchisiades capys (Hübner, [1809])Ruby-spotted SwallowtailTL: ?
Heraclides rogeri pharnaces (E. Doubleday, 1846)Pink-spotted SwallowtailS Texas, most of Mexico, to NW Guatemala; TL: South America
Heraclides rogeri rogeri (Boisduval, 1836)Pink-spotted SwallowtailYucatan Peninsula and surrounding areas; TL: Mexico (Yuc)
Heraclides epenetus (Hewitson, 1861) TL: Ecuador
Heraclides erostratus erostratinus (Vázquez, 1947)Erostratus SwallowtailE Mexico; TL: Mexico (Pue)
Heraclides erostratus vazquezae (Beutelspacher, 1986)Erostratus SwallowtailSW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Heraclides erostratus erostratus (Westwood, 1847)Erostratus SwallowtailChiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador; TL: Central America
Heraclides oxynius (Geyer, [1827])Oxynius SwallowtailCuba; TL: Cuba
Heraclides pelaus atkinsi (M. Bates, 1935)Caribbean SwallowtailCuba; TL: Cuba
Heraclides pelaus pelaus (Fabricius, 1775)Caribbean SwallowtailJamaica; TL: India
Heraclides pelaus imerius (Godart, 1819)Caribbean SwallowtailHispaniola & Puerto Rico; TL: East Indies
Heraclides pelaus puertoricensis Möhn, 1999 TL: Puerto Rico
Heraclides garleppi interruptus (Staudinger, 1892) TL: Brazil (Am); Peru
Heraclides garleppi lecerfi K. Brown & Lamas, 1994 TL: French Guiana
Heraclides garleppi garleppi (Staudinger, 1892) TL: Bolivia
Heraclides torquatus mazai (Beutelspacher, 1977)Torquatus SwallowtailW Mexico to W El Salvador; TL: Mexico (Jal)
Heraclides torquatus atsukoae (Okano, 1985)Torquatus Swallowtailsouthern Veracruz to E El Salvador; TL: El Salvador
Heraclides torquatus tolus (Godman & Salvin, 1890)Torquatus SwallowtailNE Mexico to C Veracruz; TL: Mexico (Tam)
Heraclides torquatus tolmides (Godman & Salvin, 1890)Torquatus SwallowtailGuatemala to Panama; TL: Panama
Heraclides torquatus jeani K. Brown & Lamas, 1994Torquatus SwallowtailTL: Colombia
Heraclides torquatus leptalea (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Torquatus SwallowtailTL: Ecuador
Heraclides torquatus torquatus (Cramer, 1777)Torquatus SwallowtailTL: Surinam
Heraclides torquatus polybius (Swainson, 1823)Torquatus SwallowtailTL: Brazil (MG)
Heraclides hectorides (Esper, 1794) TL: East Indies
Heraclides himeros baia (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Brazil (Ba)
Heraclides himeros himeros (Hopffer, 1865) TL: Brazil
Heraclides lamarchei (Staudinger, 1892) TL: Bolivia
Heraclides androgeus epidaurus (Godman & Salvin, 1890)Androgeus SwallowtailGreater Antilles (minus Jamaica), E Mexico to W Ecuador; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Heraclides androgeus reyesorum Vargas, Llorente & Luis, 2013Androgeus SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Nay)
Heraclides androgeus androgeus (Cramer, 1775)Androgeus SwallowtailTL: Surinam
Heraclides androgeus laodocus (Fabricius, 1793)Androgeus SwallowtailTL: Brazil
Heraclides thersites (Fabricius, 1775)False Androgeus SwallowtailJamaica; TL: America
Heraclides astyalus hippomedon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)Broad-banded SwallowtailPanama, Colombia, E to Guianas & S to mid-Amazon; TL: ?
Heraclides astyalus phanias (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Ecuador
Heraclides astyalus astyalus (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Heraclides anchicayaensis Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar, 2002 TL: Colombia
Heraclides pallas pallas (G. Gray, [1853])Broad-banded SwallowtailS Texas, E Mexico to N Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Heraclides pallas bajaensis (J. Brown & Faulkner, 1992)Broad-banded SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (BCS)
Heraclides ornythion ornythion (Boisduval, 1836)Ornythion SwallowtailS Texas, E Mexico to Honduras; TL: Mexico (Yuc)
Heraclides ornythion (W Mexican segregate)Ornythion SwallowtailS Arizona, W Mexico
Heraclides aristodemus ponceana (Schaus, 1911)Schaus' SwallowtailS Florida & northern Bahamas; TL: USA (Fl)
Heraclides aristodemus majasi L. Miller, 1987Schaus' SwallowtailCrooked & Acklin islands, central Bahamas; TL: Bahamas
Heraclides aristodemus bjorndalae (Clench, 1979)Schaus' SwallowtailMayaguana, Turks & Caicos & Inagua islands; TL: Bahamas
Heraclides aristodemus temenes (Godart, 1819)Schaus' SwallowtailCuba; TL: Antilles; North America
Heraclides aristodemus aristodemus (Esper, 1794)Schaus' SwallowtailHispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico; TL: [Haiti]
Heraclides thoas autocles (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Thoas SwallowtailTexas to Panama; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Heraclides thoas nealces (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Thoas SwallowtailPanama to Venezuela, Colombia, W Ecuador, far NW Peru; TL: Colombia
Heraclides thoas thoas (Linnaeus, 1771)Thoas SwallowtailTL: Surinam
Heraclides thoas cinyras (Ménétriés, 1857)Thoas SwallowtailTL: Brazil (Ba)
Heraclides thoas brasiliensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Thoas SwallowtailTL: Brazil (RJ)
Heraclides thoas thoantiades (Burmeister, 1878)Thoas SwallowtailTL: Argentina
Heraclides oviedo (Gundlach, 1866)Cuban King SwallowtailCuba; TL: Cuba
Heraclides homothoas (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)False Giant SwallowtailCosta Rica, Panama, N Colombia, N Venezuela, Trinidad; TL: Venezuela
Heraclides rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin, 2014Western Giant Swallowtailsouthwestern US: California to Texas, south to Panama; TL: USA (Tx)
Heraclides cresphontes (Cramer, 1777)Eastern Giant Swallowtaileastern US: Canada to Texas, introductions to Cuba; TL: USA (NY)
Heraclides melonius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Jamaican Giant SwallowtailJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Heraclides paeon thrason (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Straight-banded SwallowtailYucatan Peninsula to N Venezuela and W Peru; TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Heraclides paeon paeon (Boisduval, 1836)Straight-banded SwallowtailTL: Chile
Heraclides paeon escomeli (T. Cockerell, 1927)Straight-banded SwallowtailTL: Peru
Heraclides aristor (Godart, 1819)Scarce Hispaniolan SwallowtailHispaniola; TL: ?
Heraclides caiguanabus (Poey, [1852])Poey's SwallowtailCuba; TL: Cuba
Heraclides andraemon bonhotei (Sharpe, 1900)Bahamian SwallowtailS Florida & Bahamas; TL: Bahamas; Honduras
Heraclides andraemon andraemon Hübner, [1823]Bahamian SwallowtailCuba, Little Cayman & Cayman Brac, Jamaica; TL: ?
Heraclides andraemon tailori (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Bahamian SwallowtailGrand Cayman; TL: Cayman Islands
Heraclides machaonides (Esper, 1796)Machaonides SwallowtailHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Heraclides peleides (Esper, 1793)Mysterious SwallowtailTL: Indien?
Pterourus esperanza (Beutelspacher, 1975)Esperanza SwallowtailN Oaxaca; TL: Mexico (Oax)
Pterourus palamedes palamedes (Drury, 1773)Palamedes SwallowtailSE USA; TL: USA (Carolina)
Pterourus palamedes leontis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Palamedes SwallowtailNE Mexico; TL: Mexico (NL)
Pterourus troilus troilus (Linnaeus, 1758)Spicebush SwallowtailE USA & SE Canada; TL: [USA (SC)]
Pterourus troilus fakahatcheensis Gatrelle, 2000Spicebush SwallowtailS Florida; TL: USA (Fl)
Pterourus pilumnus (Boisduval, 1836)Three-tailed Tiger SwallowtailS USA (as stray), Mexico to Guatemala; TL: Mexico ([Oax])
Pterourus multicaudata pusillus (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)Two-tailed Tiger SwallowtailNW USA to Baja California; TL: USA (Nv)
Pterourus multicaudata multicaudata (W. F. Kirby, 1884)Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail (Xochiquetzal)SW USA to central Mexico; TL: Mexico
Pterourus multicaudata grandiosus (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtailcentral Mexico to Guatemala; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Pterourus eurymedon (Lucas, 1852)Pale Tiger SwallowtailW USA & Canada, Baja California Norte; TL: USA (Ca)
Pterourus rutulus (Lucas, 1852)Western Tiger Swallowtail[= arizonensis]; W USA & Canada, Baja California N; TL: USA (Ca)
Pterourus canadensis (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Canadian Tiger SwallowtailAlaska to northern New England; TL: Canada (NL)
Pterourus appalachiensis Pavulaan & D. Wright, 2002Appalachian Tiger SwallowtailAppalachian Mtns., E USA; TL: USA (NC)
Pterourus glaucus glaucus (Linnaeus, 1758)Eastern Tiger SwallowtailE USA, far NE Tamaulipas; TL: America
Pterourus glaucus maynardi (Gauthier, 1984)Eastern Tiger Swallowtail[= australis]; C & S Florida; TL: USA (Fl)
Pterourus alexiares garcia (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)'Garcia' Mexican Tiger SwallowtailNE Mexico, W Texas; TL: Mexico (NL)
Pterourus alexiares alexiares (Hopffer, 1865)Mexican Tiger Swallowtaileast-central Mexico; TL: Mexico
Pterourus hellanichus (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Uruguay
Pterourus scamander joergenseni (Röber, 1925) TL: Argentina
Pterourus scamander scamander (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Pterourus scamander grayi (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil ([RS])
Pterourus homerus (Fabricius, 1793)Homerus SwallowtailJamaica; TL: America
Pterourus garamas garamas (Geyer, [1829])Magnificent SwallowtailC and W Mexico; TL: Mexico
Pterourus garamas (NW Mexican segregate)Magnificent Swallowtailnr. garamas
Pterourus garamas abderus (Hopffer, 1856)Magnificent SwallowtailE Mexico; TL: Mexico
Pterourus garamas baroni (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Magnificent SwallowtailSW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Pterourus garamas electryon (H. Bates, 1864)Magnificent SwallowtailChiapas to El Salvador & Honduras; TL: Guatemala
Pterourus garamas syedra (Godman & Salvin, 1878)Magnificent SwallowtailCosta Rica & W Panama; TL: Panama
Pterourus victorinus victorinus (E. Doubleday, 1844)Victorine SwallowtailE Mexico to Nicaragua; TL: America
Pterourus victorinus morelius (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Victorine SwallowtailW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Pterourus victorinus (NW Mexican segregate)Victorine SwallowtailNW Mexico
Pterourus coroebus vulneratus (A. Butler, 1872)Victorine SwallowtailN Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Pterourus coroebus laetitia (A. Butler, 1872)Victorine SwallowtailS Costa Rica & W Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Pterourus coroebus syndemis Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994 TL: Colombia
Pterourus coroebus coroebus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Pterourus lemoulti (Rousseau-Decelle, 1933) TL: Venezuela
Pterourus menatius menatius (Hübner, [1819]) TL: Surinam
Pterourus menatius ctesiades (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Pterourus menatius coelebs (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Pterourus menatius eurotas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Brazil (Am)
Pterourus menatius lenaeus (E. Doubleday, 1846) TL: Bolivia
Pterourus cleotas (G. Gray, 1832) TL: South America
Pterourus birchallii bryki (Strand, 1930)Green-washed SwallowtailHonduras to central Panama; TL: Panama
Pterourus birchallii birchallii (Hewitson, 1863)Green-washed SwallowtailSE Panama to C & W Colombia; TL: Colombia
Pterourus xanthopleura (Salvin & Godman, 1868) TL: Peru
Pterourus warscewiczii jelskii (Oberthür, 1881) TL: Peru
Pterourus warscewiczii mercedes (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Pterourus warscewiczii warscewiczii (Hopffer, 1865) TL: Bolivia
Pterourus cacicus cacicus (Lucas, 1852) TL: Colombia
Pterourus cacicus nesrinae (Koçak, 1983) TL: Colombia
Pterourus cacicus upanensis (Talbot, 1929) TL: Ecuador
Pterourus cacicus mendozaensis (Bollino & Sala, 1994) TL: Peru
Pterourus cacicus inca (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru
Pterourus euterpinus (Salvin & Godman, 1868) TL: Ecuador
Pterourus bachus bachus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Pterourus bachus chrysomelus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906) TL: Peru; Bolivia
Pterourus neyi neyi (Niepelt, 1909) TL: Ecuador
Pterourus neyi josianae Möhn, 2001 TL: Peru
Pterourus neyi bedoci (Le Cerf, 1925) TL: French Guiana
Pterourus zagreus zagreus (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: Venezuela
Pterourus zagreus batesi T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1996 TL: Peru
Pterourus zagreus chrysoxanthus (Fruhstorfer, 1915) TL: Peru
Pterourus zagreus nigroapicalis Bollino & Sala, 1998 TL: Peru
Pterourus zagreus baueri Möhn, 2001 TL: Brazil (Am)
Pterourus ascolius zalates (Godman & Salvin, 1890)Orange Mimic-SwallowtailCosta Rica to C Panama; TL: Panama
Pterourus ascolius ascolius (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)Orange Mimic-SwallowtailN Colombia (S. Santa Marta to Magdalena V.); TL: Ecuador; Colombia
Pterourus ascolius daguanus (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)Orange Mimic-SwallowtailW Colombia (Choco); TL: Colombia
Pterourus ascolius rosenbergi (H. Druce, 1903) TL: Ecuador
Papilio demoleus demoleus Linnaeus, 1758Lime SwallowtailIntroduced to Greater Antilles; TL: China (Canon)
Papilio xuthus Linnaeus, 1767Asian SwallowtailIntroduced to Hawaii; TL: China (Canon)
Papilio indra shastensis J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998Indra SwallowtailNW CA, SW OR; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra indra Reakirt, 1866Indra Swallowtailmost of range; NE ORE-WA, ID, MT, N UT, WY, W SD, CO; TL: USA (Co)
Papilio indra (N & C Sierra Nevada segregate)Indra Swallowtail[ i. indra]; N & C Sierra Nevada, CA
Papilio indra phyllisae J. Emmel, 1982Indra SwallowtailS Sierra Nevada, CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra pergamus H. Edwards, 1874Indra SwallowtailLos Angeles, W San Berdo., Riverside, San Diego cos., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra fordi J. A. Comstock & Martin, 1956Indra SwallowtailCalico S to Granite Mts.; Sheephole, Coxcomb, Eagle Mts., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra parvindra J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Griffin, 2008Indra Swallowtail[= pygmaeus], Dead Mtns., San Bernardino Co., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra martini J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1966Indra SwallowtailProvidence Mtns., San Bernardino Co., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra panamintensis J. Emmel, 1982Indra SwallowtailPanamint Mts., Death Valley region, CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio indra nevadensis T. Emmel & J. Emmel, 1971Indra SwallowtailC & N NV; TL: USA (Nv)
Papilio indra calcicola J. Emmel & Griffin, 1998Indra SwallowtailMuddy Mtns., Clark Co., NV, and vicinity, to E Death Valley area; TL: USA (Nv)
Papilio indra minori Cross, 1937Indra SwallowtailW CO, E UT, NW NM, NE AZ; TL: USA (Co)
Papilio indra kaibabensis Bauer, 1955Indra SwallowtailN AZ, S UT; TL: USA (Az)
Papilio machaon machaon Linnaeus, 1758Old World SwallowtailTL: Europe
Papilio machaon aliaska Scudder, 1869Old World SwallowtailAlaska, NW Canada; TL: USA (Ak)
Papilio machaon hudsonianus A. Clark, 1932Old World SwallowtailNE Canada (and far NE USA); TL: Canada (Mb)
Papilio machaon pikei Sperling, 1987Old World SwallowtailPeace River region, ALTA-BC; TL: Canada (Ab)
Papilio machaon oregonia W. H. Edwards, 1876'Oregon' Old World SwallowtailColumbia Basin, NW USA; TL: USA (Or)
Papilio machaon dodi McDunnough, 1939'Baird's' Old World Swallowtailnorthern Great Plains, Alberta to NE Colorado; TL: Canada (Ab)
Papilio machaon bairdii W. H. Edwards, [1866]'Baird's' Old World Swallowtailsouthern Rocky Mountains to SE California; TL: USA (Az)
Papilio brevicauda brevicauda Saunders, 1868Short-tailed SwallowtailS Laborador, Newfoundland, Anticosti Island; TL: Canada (NL)
Papilio brevicauda bretonensis McDunnough, 1939Short-tailed SwallowtailMaritime Provinces; TL: Canada (NS)
Papilio brevicauda gaspeensis McDunnough, 1934Short-tailed SwallowtailGaspe Peninsula, Quebec; TL: Canada (Qc)
Papilio joanae J. Heitzman, 1973Ozark SwallowtailOzark region, central USA; TL: USA (Mo)
Papilio polyxenes polyxenes Fabricius, 1775Black SwallowtailCuba; TL: America
Papilio polyxenes asterius Stoll, 1782Black SwallowtailCanada, E USA, S to El Salvador; TL: USA (NY; Va; Carolina)
Papilio polyxenes coloro W. G. Wright, 1905Desert Swallowtailfar SW USA; TL: USA (Ca)
Papilio polyxenes stabilis Rothschild & Jordan, 1906'Central American' Black SwallowtailCosta Rica & W Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Papilio polyxenes americus Kollar, 1850 TL: Colombia
Papilio polyxenes costarum Orellana, 2009 TL: Venezuela
Papilio polyxenes sadalus Lucas, 1852 TL: Ecuador
Papilio polyxenes gerardi Bollino & Vitale, 2002 TL: Peru
Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852Anise SwallowtailW USA & Canada, Baja California Norte; TL: USA (Ca)
   
   Family PIERIDAE Swainson, 1820WHITES and YELLOWS 
   
   Subfamily Dismorphiinae   
   
Pseudopieris nehemia irma Lamas, 1979Clean Mimic-WhiteS Mexico (Chiapas) & Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Pseudopieris nehemia francisca Lamas, 1979Clean Mimic-WhiteHonduras; TL: Honduras
Pseudopieris nehemia luisa Lamas, 1979Clean Mimic-WhitePanama to Ecuador; TL: Panama
Pseudopieris nehemia aequatorialis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Ecuador
Pseudopieris nehemia melania Lamas, 1985 TL: Peru
Pseudopieris nehemia jessica Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Pseudopieris nehemia mariana Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru (SM, HU)
Pseudopieris nehemia limbalis Röber, 1924 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Pseudopieris nehemia nehemia (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Pseudopieris nehemia prasina Hayward, 1949 TL: Argentina
Pseudopieris nehemia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Pseudopieris viridula viridula (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia
Pseudopieris viridula mauritia Lamas, 2004 TL: Venezuela (Merida) - W. Colombia
Pseudopieris viridula mimaripa de Marmels, Clavijo & M. Chacín, 2003 TL: Venezuela
Pseudopieris viridula zulma Lamas, 2004 TL: S. Peru-Bolivia
Lieinix christa (Reissinger, 1970) TL: Brazil (Am)
Lieinix cinerascens (Salvin, 1871)Bluish Mimic-WhiteEl Salvador to Panama; TL: Panama
Lieinix lala lala (Godman & Salvin, 1889)Dark Mimic-WhiteC Chiapas, Mexico to Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Lieinix lala turrenti J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984Dark Mimic-WhiteSW Chiapas, Mexico; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Lieinix neblina J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984Guerrero Mimic-WhiteSW Mexico (Guerrero and Oaxaca); TL: Mexico (Gue)
Lieinix nemesis nemesis (Latreille, [1813]) TL: [S. Amer.]
Lieinix nemesis atthis (E. Doubleday, 1842)Frosted Mimic-WhiteE Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico
Lieinix nemesis nayaritensis Llorente, 1984Frosted Mimic-WhiteW Mexico (Nayarit to Oaxaca); TL: Mexico (Nay)
Lieinix viridifascia (A. Butler, 1872)Greenish Mimic-WhiteMeseta Central & Volcan Chiriqui, Costa Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Dismorphia altis altis Fassl, 1910 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia altis sophia Lamas, Rodríguez & Llorente, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia altis negreti Pyrcz & G. Rodríguez, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia amphione amphione (Cramer, 1779) TL: Surinam
Dismorphia amphione astynome (Dalman, 1823) TL: Brazil
Dismorphia amphione beroe (Lucas, 1852)Tiger Mimic-WhitePanama-Colombia; TL: Colombia
Dismorphia amphione bertha Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru (LO)
Dismorphia amphione broomeae A. Butler, 1899 TL: Trinidad
Dismorphia amphione daguana Bargmann, 1929 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia amphione discrepans A. Butler, 1896 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia amphione egaena (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Am)
Dismorphia amphione isolda Llorente, 1984Tiger Mimic-WhiteSW Mexico, Pacific slope of Guerrero & Oaxaca; TL: Mexico (Oax)
Dismorphia amphione lupita Lamas, 1979Tiger Mimic-WhiteNW Mexico (Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima); TL: Mexico (Nay)
Dismorphia amphione meridionalis Röber, 1909 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia amphione mora Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru (MD)
Dismorphia amphione praxinoe (E. Doubleday, 1844)Tiger Mimic-WhiteE Mexico to Colombia; TL: Mexico
Dismorphia amphione rhomboidea A. Butler, 1896 TL: Peru
Dismorphia arcadia arcadia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Colombia
Dismorphia arcadia lucilla A. Butler, 1899 TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia arcadia heloisa Lamas, 2004 TL: N. Peru
Dismorphia arcadia medorina (Hewitson, 1875) TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia hippotas diana Lamas, Llorente & G. Rodríguez, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia hippotas hippotas (Hewitson, 1875) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia astyocha (Hübner, [1831]) TL: [Brazil (RJ)]
Dismorphia boliviana Forster, 1955 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia crisia crisia (Drury, 1782) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Dismorphia crisia alvarezi J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984Crisia Mimic-WhiteSW Chiapas, Mexico, to Guatemala; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Dismorphia crisia foedora (Lucas, 1852) TL: Venezuela
Dismorphia crisia interrupta Talbot, 1932 TL: Peru; Colombia
Dismorphia crisia lubina A. Butler, 1872Crisia Mimic-WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Dismorphia crisia neblina Reissinger, 1970 TL: Venezuela
Dismorphia crisia roraimae A. Hall, 1939 TL: Guyana
Dismorphia crisia saltensis Breyer, 1939 TL: Argentina
Dismorphia crisia steinhauseri J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1984Crisia Mimic-WhiteEl Salvador; TL: El Salvador
Dismorphia crisia tolimensis Fassl, 1915 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia crisia virgo (H. Bates, 1864)Crisia Mimic-WhiteSE Mexico & Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Dismorphia crisia anamaria Lamas, 2004 TL: N.W. Peru
Dismorphia crisia sylvia Lamas, 2004 TL: N.E. Peru
Dismorphia cubana (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)Cuban Mimic-WhiteCuba; TL: Cuba
Dismorphia eunoe eunoe (E. Doubleday, 1844)Eunoe Mimic-WhiteS Mexico; Atlantic slope of Veracruz & Oaxaca; TL: Mexico ([Oax])
Dismorphia eunoe chamula Llorente & Luis, 1988Eunoe Mimic-WhiteS Mexico (Chiapas); TL: Mexico (Chia)
Dismorphia eunoe desine (Hewitson, 1869)Eunoe Mimic-WhiteNicaragua & Costa Rica to Panama; TL: Nicaragua
Dismorphia eunoe popoluca Llorente & Luis, 1988Eunoe Mimic-WhiteLos Tuxtlas region, Veracruz, Mexico; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Dismorphia eunoe noelia Lamas, 2004Eunoe Mimic-WhiteDarien, Panama; TL: Panama
Dismorphia eunoe [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Panama
Dismorphia hyposticta hyposticta (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Dismorphia hyposticta manuelita Fassl, 1910 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia hyposticta paulina Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia hyposticta ophelia Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia laja laja (Cramer, 1779) TL: Surinam
Dismorphia laja carthesis (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Guyana
Dismorphia laja jurua Röber, 1924 TL: Brazil (Am)
Dismorphia laja koenigi Baumann & Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Dismorphia laja lysianax (Hewitson, [1860]) TL: [Peru]
Dismorphia laja spectabilis Avinoff, 1926 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia laja tapajona (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Dismorphia laja tricolor Grose-Smith & W. F. Kirby, 1897 TL: [Colombia]
Dismorphia laja rosina Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia lelex lelex (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia lelex valeria Lamas, Llorente & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia lelex xiomara Lamas, 2004 TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia lewyi lewyi (Lucas, 1852) TL: Colombia
Dismorphia lewyi boliviensis Röber, 1909 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia lewyi dolorita Fassl, 1910 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia lewyi leonora (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia lewyi nasua (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Dismorphia lewyi rebecca Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia lua lua (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia lua costaricensis (Schaus, 1913)Lua Mimic-WhiteCosta Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Dismorphia lua garleppi Staudinger, 1894 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia lua idae Fassl, 1910Lua Mimic-WhitePanama - W Colombia; TL: Colombia
Dismorphia lua roberta Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia lycosura lycosura (Hewitson, [1860]) TL: Peru
Dismorphia lycosura [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Dismorphia lygdamis lygdamis (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia lygdamis doris Baumann & Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Dismorphia lygdamis beatrix Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Dismorphia lysis lysis (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia lysis peruana Röber, 1909 TL: Peru
Dismorphia lysis mariella Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia medora medora (E. Doubleday, 1844) TL: Colombia
Dismorphia medora reducta Llorente & Andrade, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia medora lilianna Lamas, 2004 TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia medora juditha Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia medora [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Dismorphia medorilla medorilla (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia medorilla buchtieni Fassl, 1915 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia medorilla sarita Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Dismorphia melia (Godart, [1824]) TL: Brazil
Dismorphia mirandola mirandola (Hewitson, 1878) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia mirandola discoloria Weymer, 1891 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia mirandola [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Colombia
Dismorphia niepelti Weymer, 1909 TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia pseudolewyi Forster, 1955 TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia spio (Godart, 1819)Hispaniolan Mimic-WhiteHispaniola and Puerto Rico; TL: Antilles
Dismorphia teresa (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia thermesia minima Llorente, Andrade & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia thermesia thermesia (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Dismorphia thermesia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Dismorphia thermesia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Guyana
Dismorphia thermesina thermesina (Hopffer, 1874) TL: [Peru]
Dismorphia thermesina pimpla (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Bolivia
Dismorphia theucharila theucharila (E. Doubleday, 1848) TL: Venezuela
Dismorphia theucharila argochloe (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Am)
Dismorphia theucharila avonia (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia theucharila fortunata (Lucas, 1854)Clearwinged Mimic-WhiteE Mexico to NW Colombia; TL: Mexico (Tab)
Dismorphia theucharila leuconoe (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil ([Am])
Dismorphia theucharila lysinoe (Hewitson, [1853]) TL: [Brazil (Am)]
Dismorphia theucharila lysinoides Staudinger, 1884 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia theucharila siloe (Hewitson, [1858])Clearwinged Mimic-WhitePanama and Colombia; TL: Colombia
Dismorphia theucharila theonoe (Hewitson, [1853]) TL: [Brazil (Pa)]
Dismorphia theucharila vitrea E. Krüger, 1925 TL: Surinam
Dismorphia theucharila xanthone Röber, 1924 TL: [Colombia]
Dismorphia theucharila marta G. Rodríguez, Llorente & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia theucharila yolanda Lamas, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia zaela zaela (Hewitson, [1858]) TL: [Ecuador]
Dismorphia zaela abilene (Hewitson, [1872]) TL: Ecuador
Dismorphia zaela oreas (Salvin, 1871)Zaela Mimic-WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Panama
Dismorphia zaela laura Lamas, Llorente & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia zathoe zathoe (Hewitson, [1858]) TL: Colombia
Dismorphia zathoe core (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Dismorphia zathoe demeter Röber, 1909 TL: Colombia
Dismorphia zathoe othoe (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Colombia
Dismorphia zathoe pallidula A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874Zathoe Mimic-WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Dismorphia zathoe proserpina Grose-Smith & W. F. Kirby, 1897 TL: Guyana
Dismorphia [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Dismorphia [n. sp.] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Patia orise denigrata (Rosenberg & Talbot, 1914) TL: Peru
Patia orise orise (Boisduval, 1836) TL: French Guiana
Patia rhetes (Hewitson, [1857]) TL: Colombia
Patia cordillera sororna (A. Butler, 1872)Cordilleran Mimic-WhiteCosta Rica to Colombia; TL: Costa Rica
Patia cordillera thecla (Bargmann, 1929) TL: Colombia
Patia cordillera cordillera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Colombia
Patia cordillera larunda (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Enantia lina virna Lamas, 2003White Mimic-WhiteS Mexico (SW Chiapas) to SW Guatemala; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Enantia lina marion Godman & Salvin, 1889White Mimic-WhiteSE Mexico to Panama; TL: Nicaragua
Enantia lina agatha Lamas, Llorente & Constantino, 2004 TL: Colombia
Enantia lina mercenaria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Enantia lina lina (Herbst, 1792) TL: America
Enantia lina acutipennis A. Butler, 1896 TL: Trinidad
Enantia lina galanthis (H. Bates, 1861) TL: [Brazil (Am)]
Enantia lina aphrodite (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Brazil
Enantia lina psamathe (Fabricius, 1793) TL: America
Enantia lina versicolora (Fruhstorfer, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pe)
Enantia lina [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Ecuador
Enantia limnorina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Brazil
Enantia citrinella citrinella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Enantia citrinella [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Colombia
Enantia citrinella [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Enantia citrinella [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Enantia melite melite (Linnaeus, 1763) TL: Indiis
Enantia melite linealis (Prüffer, 1922) TL: Peru
Enantia melite theugenis (E. Doubleday, 1848) TL: Bolivia
Enantia melite vilma Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Enantia albania albania (H. Bates, 1864)Costa-spotted Mimic-WhiteS TX (one-time stray), E Mexico to Guatemala & El Salvador; TL: Guatemala
Enantia albania amalia (Staudinger, 1884)Costa-spotted Mimic-WhiteNicaragua to Panama; TL: Panama
Enantia albania zoraida Lamas, Llorente & Constantino, 2004 TL: Colombia
Enantia albania sonya Lamas, Llorente & Winhard, 2004 TL: Colombia
Enantia albania nuria Lamas, 2004 TL: Ecuador
Enantia mazai mazai Llorente, 1984De la Maza's Mimic-WhiteE Mexico to Chiapas; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Enantia mazai diazi Llorente, 1984De la Maza’s Mimic-WhiteW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Nay)
Enantia aloikea Brévignon, 1993 TL: French Guiana
Enantia clarissa (Weymer, 1895) TL: Brazil (RS)
Enantia jethys (Boisduval, 1836)Jethys Mimic-WhiteE Mexico to El Salvador & Nicaragua; TL: Mexico
Moschoneura pinthous xanthella Le Crom, Llorente & Fagua, 2004 TL: Colombia
Moschoneura pinthous ela (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Ecuador
Moschoneura pinthous ithomia (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Ecuador
Moschoneura pinthous monica Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Moschoneura pinthous patricia Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Moschoneura pinthous amelina (Hopffer, 1874) TL: [Peru]
Moschoneura pinthous pinthous (Linnaeus, 1758) TL: Indiis
Moschoneura pinthous proxima (Röber, 1924) TL: Brazil (Am)
Moschoneura pinthous cyra (E. Doubleday, 1844) TL: [Brazil (Ba)]
Moschoneura pinthous methymna (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Moschoneura pinthous [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Venezuela
Moschoneura pinthous [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Brazil (Pa)
Moschoneura pinthous [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS TL: Brazil (Pa)
   
   Subfamily Coliadinae   
   
Kricogonia lyside (Godart, 1819)Lyside SulphurSE AZ & S TX (strays N) to Venezuela; S FL, Gr. Antilles; TL: ?
Kricogonia cabrerai Ramsden, 1920Cuban SulphurCuba; TL: Cuba
Nathalis plauta E. Doubleday, 1847 TL: Venezuela
Nathalis iole iole Boisduval, 1836Dainty SulphurTL: Mexico
Nathalis iole natalia Pulido, Andrade & Llorente, 2010Dainty SulphurTL: Colombia
Eurema daira sidonia (R. Felder, 1869)Barred YellowSE AZ & SW NM (as vagrant), W Mexico; TL: Mexico (Cam/Mor)
Eurema daira daira (Godart, 1819)Barred YellowSE USA, Bahamas, Cuba as irregular vagrant; TL: USA (Va)
Eurema daira palmira (Poey, [1852])Barred YellowGreater & Lesser Antilles, irregularly S FL (as vagrant?); TL: Cuba
Eurema daira eugenia (Wallengren, 1860)Barred YellowS TX (strays N), E Mexico to Panama; TL: [Panama]
Eurema daira lydia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)Barred YellowSE Panama, NW South America; TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Eurema daira macheti Brévignon, 1996 TL: French Guiana
Eurema elathea elathea (Cramer, 1777)Banded YellowGreater & Lesser Antilles, Bahamas, Caymans; TL: USA (Va)
Eurema elathea vitellina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)Banded YellowNicaragua to Colombia & Venezuela; TL: Venezuela
Eurema elathea ella (Röber, 1909) TL: Ecuador
Eurema elathea obsoleta (Jörgensen, 1932) TL: Paraguay
Eurema elathea lamasi Brévignon, 1993 TL: French Guiana
Eurema elathea flavescens (Chavannes, 1850) TL: Brazil (SP)
Eurema elathea [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Eurema elathea [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Venezuela
Eurema nigrocincta nigrocincta Dognin, 1889 TL: Ecuador
Eurema nigrocincta hockingi Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Eurema lucina (Poey, [1852])Smudged Yellow[= forbesi?], Cuba and Isla de Juventud; TL: Cuba
Eurema priddyi (Lathy, 1898)Priddy's YellowHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Eurema amelia (Poey, [1852])Cuban YellowCuba & Isla de Juventud; TL: Cuba
Eurema agave millerorum Llorente & Luis, 1987Agave YellowSE Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Tab)
Eurema agave agave (Cramer, 1775)Agave YellowPanama, South America; TL: Surinam
Eurema agave pallida (Chavannes, 1850) TL: Brazil (SP)
Eurema albula celata (R. Felder, 1869)White YellowE & W Mexico to Honduras; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Eurema albula marginella (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)White YellowNicaragua to Ecuador; TL: Venezuela
Eurema albula albula (Cramer, 1775)White YellowNE South America to Argentina, Trinidad, St. Vincent; TL: Surinam
Eurema albula totora Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Eurema albula espinosae (A. Fernández, 1928) TL: Peru
Eurema albula sinoe (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Eurema lirina (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Eurema phiale columbia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Eurema phiale phiale (Cramer, 1775) TL: Surinam
Eurema phiale paula (Röber, 1909) TL: Brazil (SP)
Eurema reticulata (A. Butler, 1871) TL: Ecuador
Eurema deva deva (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: French Guiana
Eurema deva chilensis (Blanchard, 1852) TL: Chile
Eurema deva doris (Röber, 1909) TL: Bolivia
Eurema adamsi (Lathy, 1898)Contrasting YellowJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Eurema paulina (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Am)
Eurema xantochlora xantochlora (Kollar, 1850)Tropical YellowSE Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela; TL: Colombia
Eurema xantochlora magna Winhard & Le Crom, 2004 TL: Colombia
Eurema xantochlora edentata Le Crom & Constantino, 2004 TL: Colombia
Eurema xantochlora ectriva (A. Butler, 1873) TL: Ecuador
Eurema xantochlora pomponia (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Peru
Eurema fabiola (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Eurema salome jamapa (Reakirt, 1866)Salome YellowS NM & S TX (as strays) to Panama; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Eurema salome gaugamela (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Eurema salome santamarta Le Crom, Winhard & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Eurema salome neglecta Le Crom & G. Rodríguez, 2004 TL: Colombia
Eurema salome limoneus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Eurema salome xystra (R.F. d'Almeida, 1936) TL: Ecuador
Eurema salome salome (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Ecuador
Eurema salome [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Eurema tupuntenem tupuntenem Lichy, 1976 TL: Venezuela
Eurema tupuntenem [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Venezuela
Eurema mexicana mexicana (Boisduval, 1836)Mexican YellowSW USA (strays widely N) to Panama; TL: Mexico
Eurema mexicana bogotana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)Mexican YellowCosta Rica, Panama, Colombia; TL: Colombia
Eurema mexicana citrella Winhard, Le Crom & Constantino, 2004 TL: Colombia
Eurema mexicana tayrona Winhard, Le Crom & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Eurema arbela boisduvaliana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Boisduval’s YellowSE AZ, SW NM, S TX (sporadic) to W Costa Rica, Cuba, Jamaica; TL: Mexico
Eurema arbela gratiosa (E. Doubleday, 1847)Disjunct YellowW Costa Rica to Venezuela, St. Lucia & the Grenadines; TL: Venezuela
Eurema arbela deflorata (Kollar, 1850) TL: Colombia
Eurema arbela angulata (Wallengren, 1860) TL: ?
Eurema arbela ruizana Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Eurema arbela gracilis (Avinoff, 1926) TL: Brazil (Ba)
Eurema arbela graduata (A. Butler, 1873) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Eurema arbela arbela Geyer, 1832 TL: Java
Abaeis nicippe (Cramer, 1779)Sleepy OrangeS USA (strays N) to Costa Rica, Gr. Antilles, Caymans, Bahamas; TL: USA (Va)
Abaeis nicippiformis (Munroe, 1947)Fast OrangeHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia proterpia (Fabricius, 1775)Tailed OrangeSE AZ, SW NM, S TX (strays N) to Peru, most Greater Antilles; TL: Jamaica
Pyrisitia dina westwoodi (Boisduval, 1836)Dina YellowSE AZ (as stray) & E Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico
Pyrisitia dina helios (M. Bates, 1934)Dina YellowS FL, Bahamas; TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia dina dina (Poey, 1832)Dina YellowCuba; TL: Cuba
Pyrisitia dina parvumbra (Kaye, 1925)Dina YellowJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Pyrisitia dina mayobanex (M. Bates, 1939)Dina YellowHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia dina gabriela Le Crom & Llorente, 2004Dina Yellow[far SE Panama?], Colombia; TL: Colombia
Pyrisitia chamberlaini chamberlaini (A. Butler, 1898)Chamberlain's YellowGreat Bahama Bank; TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini clenchi (L. Miller, Simon & Harvey, 1992)Chamberlain's YellowCrooked & Acklins Islands; TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini inaguae (Munroe, 1950)Chamberlain's YellowGreat & Little Inagua, far E Cuba; TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia chamberlaini mariguanae (M. Bates, 1934)Chamberlain's YellowMayaguana I. & Caicos Islands; TL: Bahamas
Pyrisitia leuce athalia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Leuce YellowPanama, Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad; TL: Colombia
Pyrisitia leuce memulus (A. Butler, 1871)Leuce YellowHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia leuce antillarum (A. Hall, 1936)Leuce YellowP. Rico, St. Kitts, St. Martin, Guadeloupe, Dominica, St. Lucia; TL: St. Kitts; Dominica; St. Lucia
Pyrisitia leuce flavilla (H. Bates, 1861) TL: [Brazil (Am)]
Pyrisitia leuce circumcincta (H. Bates, 1861) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Pyrisitia leuce leuce (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil (RS)
Pyrisitia venusta emanona (Dillon, 1947)Pale YellowLesser Antilles (Grenada to Montserrat); TL: Dominica
Pyrisitia venusta venusta (Boisduval, 1836)Pale YellowPanama, northern South America; TL: Jamaica; Colombia
Pyrisitia venusta aequatorialis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Ecuador
Pyrisitia nise nelphe (R. Felder, 1869)Mimosa YellowS AZ (as stray) & S TX (strays N) to Panama; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Pyrisitia nise nise (Cramer, 1775)Mimosa YellowS FL, Grand Bahama, New Providence I., Cuba, Jamaica; TL: Jamaica
Pyrisitia nise stygma (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Peru
Pyrisitia nise floscula (Weeks, 1901) TL: Bolivia
Pyrisitia nise tenella (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Pyrisitia nise [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Pyrisitia larae (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)Confusing YellowCuba, Andros, Great Abaco; TL: Cuba
Pyrisitia lisa lisa (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])Little YellowSE USA (C TX to VA, strays N), Bermuda, N Bahamas; TL: USA
Pyrisitia lisa centralis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)Little YellowSE AZ (as stray), S TX to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Pyrisitia lisa euterpe (Ménétriés, 1832)Little YellowGreater and Lesser Antilles to Barbados; TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia euterpiformis (Munroe, 1947)Hispaniolan YellowHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Pyrisitia portoricensis (Dewitz, 1877)Puerto Rican YellowPuerto Rico; TL: Puerto Rico
Pyrisitia pyro (Godart, 1819)Pyro OrangeHispaniola; TL: ?
Pyrisitia messalina (Fabricius, 1787)Whitish YellowBahamas, Cuba, I. de Juventud, Jamaica, Caymans, [S FL?]; TL: India
Leucidia brephos (Hübner, [1809]) TL: [Brazil (RJ)]
Leucidia elvina (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Teriocolias zelia zelia (Lucas, 1852) TL: [Bolivia]
Teriocolias zelia andina W. Forbes, 1928 TL: Peru
Teriocolias zelia mathani (W. D. Field, 1950) TL: Peru
Teriocolias zelia pacis Röber, 1909 TL: Peru
Colias philodice philodice Godart, 1819Clouded SulphurTL: USA (Va)
Colias philodice eriphyle W. H. Edwards, 1876Clouded SulphurTL: Canada (BC)
Colias philodice vitabunda Hovanitz, 1943Clouded SulphurTL: USA (Ak)
Colias philodice guatemalena Röber, 1909'Guatemalan' Clouded SulphurChiapas & Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Colias eurytheme Boisduval, 1852Orange SulphurTL: USA (Ca); Mexico
Colias occidentalis chrysomelas H. Edwards, 1877Western SulphurTL: USA (Ca)
Colias occidentalis (SW Oregon segregate)Western SulphurS Cascades, far NE Siskiyous, Jackson -Josephine Co., OR
Colias occidentalis occidentalis Scudder, 1862Western Sulphur[= nortepacifica]; TL: USA (Wa)
Colias occidentalis sullivani Hammond & McCorkle, 2003Christina's SulphurTL: USA (Or)
Colias occidentalis (NE Oregon mountains segregate)Christina's Sulphur
Colias occidentalis (lower Snake River drainage segregate)Christina's Sulphur
Colias occidentalis pseudochristina Ferris, 1989Christina's SulphurTL: USA (Ut)
Colias christina kluanensis Ferris, 1981Christina's SulphurTL: Canada (Yt)
Colias christina christina W. H. Edwards, 1863Christina's SulphurTL: Canada (NT)
Colias christina sacajawea Kohler, 2006Christina's SulphurTL: USA (Mt)
Colias christina pseudocolumbiensis C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: Canada (BC)
Colias christina columbiensis Ferris, 1973Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: Canada (BC)
Colias christina krauthii Klots, 1935Christina's SulphurTL: USA (SD)
Colias alexandra altamont Kondla & Kohler, 2006Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: USA (Mt)
Colias alexandra astraea W. H. Edwards, 1872Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: USA (Wy)
Colias alexandra alexandra W. H. Edwards, 1863Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: USA (Co)
Colias alexandra altiplano M. Fisher & Scott, 2006Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: USA (Co)
Colias alexandra apache Ferris, 1988Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: USA (Az)
Colias alexandra edwardsii W. H. Edwards, 1870Queen Alexandra's SulphurTL: USA (Nv)
Colias harfordii H. Edwards, 1877Harford’s SulphurTL: USA (Ca)
Colias meadii meadii W. H. Edwards, 1871Mead's SulphurTL: USA (Co)
Colias meadii elis Strecker, 1885Mead's SulphurTL: Canada (Ab)
Colias meadii lemhiensis N. Curtis & Ferris, 1985Mead's SulphurTL: USA (Id)
Colias johanseni Troubridge & Philip, 1990Johansen's SulphurBernard Harbour, District of Mackenzie, Nunavut; TL: Canada (Nu)
Colias rankinensis Verhulst, 2009Rankin Inlet SulphurCanada: Nunavut & Manitoba; TL: Canada (Nu)
Colias hecla hecla Lefèbvre, 1836Hecla SulphurTL: Greenland
Colias hecla hela Strecker, 1880Hecla SulphurTL: Canada (Nu)
Colias hecla zamolodchikovi Churkin & Grieshuber, 2001Hecla SulphurSeward Peninsula, AK, possibly E through Yukon & NWT; TL: Russia
Colias canadensis Ferris, 1982Canadian SulphurTL: Canada (BC)
Colias tyche kolosovae Churkin, Grieshuber, Bogdanov & Zamolodchikov, 2001Booth's Sulphur[olga is preoccupied] Seward Peninsula, AK; TL: Russia
Colias tyche thula Hovanitz, 1955Booth's SulphurN slope Brooks Range, AK; TL: USA (Ak)
Colias tyche boothii J. Curtis, 1835Booth's SulphurC Canadian Arctic; TL: Canada (Nu)
Colias nastes nastes Boisduval, 1832Labrador SulphurLabrador; TL: Canada (NL)
Colias nastes moina Strecker, 1880Labrador SulphurC Canadian Arctic; TL: Canada (Nu)
Colias nastes aliaska Bang-Haas, 1927Labrador Sulphurmost of Alaska (except Seward Peninsula) and Yukon; blending with moina to E; TL: USA (Ak)
Colias nastes dezhnevi Korshunov, 1995Labrador SulphurSeward Peninsula, AK; TL: Russia
Colias nastes streckeri Grum-Grshimailo, 1895Labrador SulphurN WA, N MT, ALTA, N BC; TL: Canada (Ab)
Colias scudderii Reakirt, 1865Scudder's SulphurTL: USA (Co)
Colias gigantea inupiat Harry, 2007Giant SulphurAlaskan North Slope, Dalton Highway; TL: USA (Ak)
Colias gigantea gigantea Strecker, 1900Giant SulphurTL: Csnada (Mt)
Colias gigantea mayi F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940Giant SulphurTL: Csnada (Mt)
Colias gigantea harroweri Klots, 1940Giant Sulphur[= kohleri; = gracemma]; TL: USA (Wy)
Colias pelidne Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830]Pelidne SulphurTL: Canada (NL)
Colias skinneri W. Barnes, 1897Pelidne SulphurTL: USA (Wy)
Colias interior Scudder, 1862Pink-edged SulphurTL: Canada (Mt)
Colias palaeno chippewa W. H. Edwards, 1870Palaeno SulphurTL: Canada (NT)
Colias palaeno baffinensis Ebner & Ferris, [1978]Palaeno SulphurTL: Canada (Nu)
Colias behrii W. H. Edwards, 1866Sierra SulphurTL: USA (Ca)
Colias ponteni Wallengren, 1860 TL: USA (Hi)
Colias vauthierii Guérin-Méneville, [1830] TL: Chile
Colias lesbia lesbia (Fabricius, 1775) TL: Argentina
Colias lesbia mineira J. Zikán, 1940 TL: Brazil (MG)
Colias lesbia andina Staudinger, 1894 TL: Bolivia
Colias lesbia verhulsti Berger, 1983 TL: Peru
Colias lesbia dinora W. F. Kirby, 1881 TL: Ecuador
Colias euxanthe alticola Godman & Salvin, 1891 TL: Ecuador
Colias euxanthe euxanthe C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865 TL: Peru
Colias euxanthe hermina (A. Butler, 1871) TL: Peru
Colias euxanthe stuebeli Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Colias flaveola mossi Rothschild, 1913 TL: Peru
Colias flaveola erika Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Colias flaveola weberbaueri Strand, 1912 TL: Peru
Colias flaveola blameyi Jörgensen, 1916 TL: Argentina
Colias flaveola mendozina Breyer, 1939 TL: Argentina
Colias flaveola flaveola Blanchard, 1852 TL: Chile
Colias dimera E. Doubleday, 1847 TL: [Colombia]
Zerene cesonia cynops (A. Butler, 1873)Southern DogfaceHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Zerene cesonia cesonia (Stoll, 1790)Southern DogfaceS USA (strays far N) to Colombia, Cuba; TL: USA (Ga)
Zerene cesonia patiensis Constantino, G. Rodríguez & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Zerene cesonia boyacensis Le Crom, Winhard & Torres, 2004 TL: Colombia
Zerene cesonia inca (Tessmann, 1928) TL: Peru
Zerene cesonia limonella Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Zerene cesonia therapis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Zerene cesonia cesonides (Staudinger, 1894) TL: Bolivia
Zerene eurydice (Boisduval, 1855)California DogfaceBaja California (N) to N California; TL: USA (Ca)
Anteos maerula (Fabricius, 1775)Yellow Angled-SulphurSW USA (strays), S TX to Peru, S FL, Bahamas, Gr. Antilles; TL: America
Anteos clorinde (Godart, [1824])White Angled-SulphurSW USA (strays), S TX to Argentina, Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola; TL: Brazil
Anteos menippe (Hübner, [1818])Orangetip Angled-SulphurTL: ?
Prestonia clarki Schaus, 1920West-Mexican SulphurW Mexico (Sinaloa to Oaxaca); TL: Mexico (Sin)
Phoebis sennae sennae (Linnaeus, 1758)Cloudless SulphurCaribbean Islands, blends with eubule S FL; TL: [Jamaica]
Phoebis sennae eubule (Linnaeus, 1767)Cloudless SulphurSE USA (strays far N, NW); TL: USA ([S]C)
Phoebis sennae marcellina (Cramer, 1777)Cloudless SulphurSW USA (strays far N), S TX through Panama, most S. America; TL: Surinam
Phoebis sennae amphitrite (Feisthamel, 1839) TL: Chile
Phoebis bourkei (Dixey, 1933) TL: Ecuador
Phoebis editha (A. Butler, 1870)Edith's SulphurHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Phoebis philea philea (Linnaeus, 1763)Orange-barred SulphurSW USA (strays far N) to S Brazil, Gulf Coast to FL, P. Rico, etc.; TL: Indiis
Phoebis philea thalestris (Illiger, 1801)Orange-barred SulphurHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Phoebis philea huebneri Fruhstorfer, 1907Orange-barred SulphurCuba [P. p. philea also in W Cuba, with intergrades]; TL: [Cuba]
Phoebis avellaneda (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)Orange-washed SulphurCuba; TL: Cuba
Phoebis neocypris virgo (A. Butler, 1870)Tailed SulphurSE AZ & S TX (rare strays) to Brazil; TL: Mexico (Oax); Guatemala; Bolivia
Phoebis neocypris rurina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Phoebis neocypris neocypris (Hübner, [1823]) TL: ?
Phoebis neocypris [n. ssp.] Brévignon, MS French Guiana
Phoebis argante argante (Fabricius, 1775)Dark Apricot SulphurTL: Brazil
Phoebis argante larra (Fabricius, 1798)Dark Apricot SulphurTL: America
Phoebis argante chincha Lamas, 1976Dark Apricot SulphurTL: Peru
Phoebis argante minuscula (A. Butler, 1869)Apricot Sulphur[= fornax], Cuba; TL: Cuba
Phoebis argante comstocki Avinoff, 1944Apricot SulphurJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Phoebis argante rorata (A. Butler, 1869)Apricot SulphurHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Phoebis argante martini W. Comstock, 1944Apricot SulphurPuerto Rico; TL: Puerto Rico
Phoebis agarithe fisheri (H. Edwards, 1883)Large Orange SulphurBaja California; TL: Mexico (BCS)
Phoebis agarithe agarithe (Boisduval, 1836)Large Orange SulphurS W USA (strays far N), S TX to Peru; Galapagos Is., Hawaii; TL: Mexico
Phoebis agarithe maxima (Neumoegen, 1891)Large Orange SulphurFlorida; TL: USA (Fl)
Phoebis agarithe antillia F. Brown, 1929Large Orange SulphurBahamas, Greater & Lesser Antilles; TL: Haiti
Phoebis agarithe pupillata Dillon, 1947Large Orange SulphurWindward Islands, at least Guadeloupe to at least St. Lucia and Barbados; TL: Dominica
Phoebis agarithe tumbesina Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Rhabdodryas trite (northern segregate)Straight-lined SulphurE & W Mexico to Panama
Rhabdodryas trite watsoni (F. Brown, 1929)Straight-lined SulphurHispaniola, P. Rico, St. Kitts, Montserrat, Guad. to St. Vincent; TL: Dominican Rep.
Rhabdodryas trite trite (Linnaeus, 1758) TL: Calidioribus regionibus
Rhabdodryas trite banksi (Breyer, 1939) TL: Brazil (SC)
Aphrissa boisduvalii (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)Boisduval's SulphurE & S Mexico to W Peru; TL: Colombia
Aphrissa schausi (Avinoff, 1926)Schaus' Sulphur[taxonomic status uncertain] S Mexico and Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Aphrissa wallacei (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)Wallace's Sulphur([= fluminensis] Costa Rica to Argentina); TL: Brazil (Am)
Aphrissa statira statira (Cramer, 1777)Statira SulphurS TX (strays N), E & W Mexico to Argentina, Lesser Antilles; TL: Coromandel; Tranquebar
Aphrissa statira floridensis (Neumoegen, 1891)Statira SulphurFlorida; TL: USA (Fl)
Aphrissa statira cubana R.F. d'Almeida, 1939Statira SulphurCuba, Cayman Islands, Jamaica; TL: Cuba
Aphrissa statira hispaniolae (Munroe, 1947)Statira SulphurHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Aphrissa neleis (Boisduval, 1836)Pink-spot SulphurCuba, Isla de Juventud, New Providence, N & S Andros, S FL; TL: Cuba
Aphrissa godartiana godartiana (Swainson, 1821)Godart's SulphurHispaniola; TL: ?
Aphrissa godartiana hartonia (A. Butler, 1870)Godart's SulphurJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Aphrissa orbis orbis (Poey, 1832)Orbis SulphurS FL (rare stray), Cuba, Isla de Juventud, Cayman Brac; TL: Cuba
Aphrissa orbis browni (Munroe, 1947)Orbis SulphurHispaniola; TL: Haiti
   
   Subfamily Pierinae   
   
   Tribe Anthocharidini   
   
Anthocharis cethura morrisoni W. H. Edwards, 1881Desert OrangetipTL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis cethura bajacalifornica J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Desert OrangetipTL: Mexico (BCN)
Anthocharis cethura catalina Meadows, 1937Desert OrangetipTL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis cethura cethura C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865Desert OrangetipTL: [USA (Ca)]
Anthocharis cethura hadromarmorata J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Desert OrangetipTL: USA (Nv)
Anthocharis cethura mojavensis J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Desert OrangetipTL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis cethura pima W. H. Edwards, 1888'Pima' Desert OrangetipTL: USA (Az)
Anthocharis sara (Isla de Cedros segregate)Sara OrangetipIsla de Cedros, Baja California, Mexico
Anthocharis sara gunderi Ingham, 1933Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis sara sara Lucas, 1852Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis sara sempervirens J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 2008Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis sara flora W. G. Wright, 1892Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Wa)
Anthocharis sara alaskensis Gunder, 1932Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Ak)
Anthocharis sara stella W. H. Edwards, 1879Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Nv)
Anthocharis sara sulfuris Pelham, 2008Sara Orangetip[= columbia]; TL: USA (Id)
Anthocharis sara browningi Skinner, 1906Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Ut)
Anthocharis sara julia W. H. Edwards, 1872Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Co)
Anthocharis sara prestonorum Stout, 2012Sara OrangetipW & SW CO, W of the divide; TL: USA (Co)
Anthocharis sara colorado Scott & M. Fisher, 2008Sara OrangetipSW CO, SE UT, NW NM, [NE AZ]; TL: USA (Co)
Anthocharis sara coriande M. Fisher & Scott, 2008Sara OrangetipN NM, far S-central CO; TL: USA (NM)
Anthocharis sara inghami Gunder, 1932Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Az)
Anthocharis sara thoosa (Scudder, 1878)Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Az)
Anthocharis sara pseudothoosa Austin, 1998Sara OrangetipTL: USA (Nv)
Anthocharis midea midea (Hübner, [1809])Falcate OrangetipTL: USA (Ga)
Anthocharis midea annickae dos Passos & Klots, 1969Falcate OrangetipTL: USA (Ct)
Anthocharis midea texana Gatrelle, 1998Falcate Orangetip[far NE TAMPS]; TL: USA (Tx)
Anthocharis limonea (A. Butler, 1871)Mexican OrangetipE & C Mexico; TL: Mexico
Anthocharis lanceolata lanceolata Lucas, 1852Gray MarbleSW OR, N CA, far W NV, S through Sierra Nevada; TL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis lanceolata australis (F. Grinnell, 1908)Gray MarbleS CA Ranges; TL: USA (Ca)
Anthocharis lanceolata desertolimbus J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Gray MarbleW edge Colorado Desert (Palm Spgs. area S to N BC); TL: USA (Ca)
Euchloe naina jakutia Back, 1991Arctic MarbleTL: Russia
Euchloe ausonides ogilvia Back, 1991Large MarbleTL: Canada (Yt)
Euchloe ausonides insulanus C. Guppy & J. Shepard, 2001Large MarblePuget Sound, WA, [BC]; TL: Canada (BC)
Euchloe ausonides transmontana Austin & J. Emmel, 1998Large MarbleCA Sierra Nevada to W UT, N CA, OR, E WA, S BC, W ID; TL: USA (Nv)
Euchloe ausonides ausonides (Lucas, 1852)Large MarbleW CA (esp. Bay area), low elevations; TL: USA (Ca)
Euchloe ausonides palaeoreios K. Johnson, 1976Large MarbleTL: USA (SD)
Euchloe ausonides coloradensis (H. Edwards, 1881)Large MarbleTL: USA (Co)
Euchloe ausonides mayi F. Chermock & R. Chermock, 1940Large MarbleTL: Canada (Mt)
Euchloe olympia olympia (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Olympia MarbleTL: USA (WV)
Euchloe olympia (Great Lakes dunes segregate)Olympia Marbledunes bordering Great Lakes (WI, IL, IN, MI)
Euchloe guaymasensis Opler, 1987Sonoran MarbleN & C Sonora, rarely in SE AZ (Cochise Co.); TL: Mexico (Son)
Euchloe lotta Beutenmüller, 1898Desert MarbleSE BC, S to E CA, AZ, N SON-CHIH, far W TX, W NM, N to W MT; TL: USA (Ut)
Euchloe hyantis andrewsi Martin, 1958California MarbleSan Bernardino Mts., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Euchloe hyantis hyantis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)California MarbleSW OR (NW Siskiyous), W CA to Baja California (N); TL: USA (Ca)
Euchloe hyantis (Illinois Valley segregate)California MarbleIllinois Valley, Josephine Co., OR
Euchloe creusa creusa (E. Doubleday, [1847])Northern MarbleN MT (vic. Glacier NP), E BC, W ALTA, N to Arctic; TL: Canada (Ab)
Eroessa chiliensis (Guérin-Méneville, [1830]) TL: Chile
Cunizza hirlanda hirlanda (Stoll, 1790) TL: Bengale
Cunizza hirlanda apicalis (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Ecuador
Cunizza hirlanda fulvinota (A. Butler, 1871) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Cunizza hirlanda helvia (Latreille, [1813]) TL: [Mexico]
Cunizza hirlanda minturna Fruhstorfer, 1910 TL: Venezuela
Cunizza hirlanda ninguida (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Peru
Cunizza hirlanda planasia Fruhstorfer, 1910 TL: Brazil (MT)
Cunizza hirlanda praeclara (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Brazil (ES)
Cunizza hirlanda serda (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Colombia
Hesperocharis anguitia anguitia (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Hesperocharis anguitia giesekingi Breyer, 1960 TL: Argentina
Hesperocharis costaricensis costaricensis H. Bates, 1866Costa Rican WhiteNicaragua to Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Hesperocharis costaricensis pasion (Reakirt, [1867])Costa Rican WhiteE & W Mexico to Guatemala (at least); TL: Mexico (Ver)
Hesperocharis crocea crocea H. Bates, 1866Orange WhiteE Mexico to Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Hesperocharis crocea idiotica (A. Butler, 1869) TL: ?
Hesperocharis crocea jaliscana Schaus, 1898Orange WhiteW Mexico (Nayarit to Guerrero); TL: Mexico (Jal)
Hesperocharis crocea [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Hesperocharis emeris (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Hesperocharis erota (Lucas, 1852) TL: Colombia?
Hesperocharis graphites graphites H. Bates, 1864Marbled WhiteChiapas to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Hesperocharis graphites avivolans (A. Butler, 1865)Marbled WhiteE, W & S Mexico (to Oaxaca); TL: Mexico ([Oax])
Hesperocharis leucania (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Hesperocharis marchalii (Guérin-Méneville, [1844]) TL: Colombia
Hesperocharis nera nera (Hewitson, 1852) TL: Ecuador
Hesperocharis nera aida Fruhstorfer, 1908 TL: Peru
Hesperocharis nera amazonica Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Peru
Hesperocharis nera lamonti Kaye, 1920 TL: Trinidad
Hesperocharis nera nereis C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865 TL: Colombia
Hesperocharis nera nerida J. Zikán, 1940 TL: Brazil (Am)
Hesperocharis nera nymphaea Möschler, 1876 TL: Surinam
Hesperocharis nereina Hopffer, 1874 TL: Peru
Hesperocharis paranensis paranensis Schaus, 1898 TL: Brazil (Pr)
Hesperocharis paranensis infrasignata Breyer, 1939 TL: Argentina
Hesperocharis nambii Lamas, Constantino & Solarte, 2007 TL: Colombia
Mathania agasicles agasicles (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Bolivia
Mathania agasicles gaujoni (Dognin, 1887) TL: Ecuador
Mathania agasicles [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Mathania agasicles [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Mathania aureomaculata aureomaculata (Dognin, 1888) TL: Ecuador
Mathania aureomaculata esther Oberthür, 1890 TL: Peru
Mathania aureomaculata pallida Röber, 1909 TL: Peru
Mathania aureomaculata [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Mathania carrizoi Giacomelli, 1914 TL: Argentina
Mathania leucothea (J. Molina, 1782) TL: Chile
Mathania [n. sp.] Lamas, MS Peru
   
   Tribe Pierini   
   
Ascia monuste raza Klots, 1930Great Southern WhiteBaja California Sur; TL: Mexico (BCS)
Ascia monuste monuste (Linnaeus, 1764)Great Southern WhiteSW USA (strays), W Mexico & S TX to N S. Am; S Lesser Antilles; TL: exteris Terris
Ascia monuste phileta (Fabricius, 1775)Great Southern WhiteSE USA (strays N), N Bahamas, (possibly sporadic on Cuba); TL: America
Ascia monuste eubotea (Godart, 1819)Great Southern WhiteCuba, Hispaniola to Virgin Islands; TL: ?
Ascia monuste virginia (Godart, 1819)Great Southern WhiteLesser Antilles between (not incl.) Virgin Islands and St. Vincent; TL: [St. Vincent]
Ascia monuste suasa (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Chile - Peru
Ascia monuste orseis (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Ascia monuste automate (Burmeister, 1878) TL: Argentina
Ganyra howarthi (Dixey, 1915)Howarth's WhiteS AZ (as stray), NW Mexico (SIN, SON, BC, BCS); TL: Mexico (BCS)
Ganyra josephina josepha (Salvin & Godman, 1868)Giant WhiteS TX (strays N), E & W Mexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala; Mexico (Oax); Nicaragua
Ganyra josephina janeta (Dixey, 1915) TL: [Venezuela]
Ganyra josephina josephina (Godart, 1819)Giant WhiteHispaniola; TL: ?
Ganyra josephina krugii (Dewitz, 1877)Giant WhitePuerto Rico & Mona; TL: Puerto Rico
Ganyra josephina paramaryllis (W. Comstock, 1943)Giant WhiteJamaica; TL: [Jamaica]
Ganyra menciae (Ramsden, [1914])Cuban WhiteCuba, St. Lucia; TL: Cuba
Ganyra phaloe phaloe (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Ganyra phaloe amphissa (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Bolivia
Ganyra phaloe confusa Llorente, Le Crom & Torres, 2004 TL: Colombia
Ganyra phaloe diana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia
Ganyra phaloe endeis (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Ganyra phaloe imperator (W. F. Kirby, 1881) TL: Ecuador
Ganyra phaloe lamonti (Kaye, 1919) TL: Trinidad
Ganyra phaloe limona (Schaus, 1913)Godart's WhiteCosta Rica to Colombia; TL: Costa Rica
Ganyra phaloe sevata (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Ganyra phaloe sincera (Weymer, 1890) TL: Ecuador
Ganyra phaloe sublineata (Schaus, 1902) TL: Peru
Ganyra phaloe tiburtia (Fruhstorfer, 1907)Godart's WhiteE & S Mexico to El Salvador; TL: Guatemala
Ganyra phaloe [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Tatochila autodice autodice (Hübner, 1818) TL: Paraguay
Tatochila autodice blanchardii A. Butler, 1881 TL: Chile
Tatochila autodice ernestae Herrera, 1954 TL: Chile
Tatochila distincta distincta Jörgensen, 1916 TL: Argentina
Tatochila distincta fieldi Herrera, 1970 TL: Chile
Tatochila homoeodice Paravicini, 1910 TL: Peru
Tatochila inversa inversa Hayward, 1949 TL: Argentina
Tatochila inversa razmilici Herrera, 1970 TL: Chile
Tatochila mariae Herrera, 1970 TL: Chile
Tatochila mercedis mercedis (Eschscholtz, 1821) TL: Chile
Tatochila mercedis arctodice Staudinger, 1899 TL: Ecuador
Tatochila mercedis fueguensis W. D. Field, 1959 TL: Argentina
Tatochila mercedis macrodice Staudinger, 1899 TL: Bolivia
Tatochila mercedis sterodice Staudinger, 1899 TL: Chile
Tatochila mercedis vanvolxemii (Capronnier, 1874) TL: Argentina
Tatochila orthodice orthodice (Weymer, 1890) TL: Bolivia
Tatochila orthodice carabaya Ackery, 1975 TL: Peru
Tatochila orthodice [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Tatochila sagittata sagittata Röber, 1908 TL: Peru
Tatochila sagittata herrerai Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Tatochila stigmadice (Staudinger, 1894) TL: Bolivia
Tatochila theodice theodice (Boisduval, 1832) TL: [Chile]
Tatochila theodice gymnodice Staudinger, 1899 TL: Chile
Tatochila xanthodice xanthodice (Lucas, 1852) TL: Venezuela; Peru
Tatochila xanthodice nigrisulphurata Le Crom, Torres & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Tatochila xanthodice paramosa Ackery, 1975 TL: Colombia
Tatochila xanthodice paucar Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Tatochila xanthodice pyrrhomma Röber, 1908 TL: Peru
Reliquia santamarta Ackery, 1975 TL: Colombia
Theochila maenacte maenacte (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Paraguay
Theochila maenacte itatiayae (Foetterle, 1902) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Piercolias coropunae (Dyar, 1913) TL: Peru
Piercolias forsteri W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977 TL: Bolivia
Piercolias huanaco (Staudinger, 1894) TL: Bolivia
Pierphulia isabela W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977 TL: Chile
Pierphulia nysias (Weymer, 1890) TL: Bolivia
Pierphulia rosea rosea (Ureta, 1956) TL: Chile
Pierphulia rosea annamariea W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977 TL: Bolivia
Pierphulia rosea maria W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977 TL: Chile
Hypsochila argyrodice (Staudinger, 1899) TL: Argentina
Hypsochila galactodice Ureta, 1955 TL: Chile
Hypsochila huemul L. Peña, 1964 TL: Chile
Hypsochila microdice (Blanchard, 1852) TL: Chile
Hypsochila penai Ureta, 1955 TL: Chile
Hypsochila wagenknechti wagenknechti (Ureta, 1938) TL: Chile
Hypsochila wagenknechti sulfurodice Ureta, 1955 TL: Chile
Hypsochila [n. sp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Infraphulia illimani (Weymer, 1890) TL: Bolivia
Infraphulia ilyodes (Ureta, 1955) TL: Chile
Infraphulia madeleinea W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977 TL: Peru
Phulia garleppi garleppi W. D. Field & Herrera, 1977 TL: Peru
Phulia garleppi [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Phulia nannophyes nannophyes Dyar, 1913 TL: Peru
Phulia nannophyes galera Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Phulia nymphula nymphula (Blanchard, 1852) TL: Chile
Phulia nymphula nympha Staudinger, 1894 TL: Bolivia
Phulia paranympha Staudinger, 1894 TL: Bolivia
Pontia beckerii (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Becker's WhiteBC to Baja C. Sur, N AZ, N NM, CO, WY, S & W MT; basins; TL: USA (Nv)
Pontia protodice (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830])Checkered Whitewidespread across N America to S Mexico; Cuba. Vagrant N; TL: USA (NY/Ct)
Pontia occidentalis occidentalis (Reakirt, 1866)Western WhiteBC to CA (S Sierra), W to N NM, N to MAN, SASK, ALTA; TL: USA (Co)
Pontia occidentalis nelsoni (W. H. Edwards, 1883)Western WhiteAlaska; TL: USA (Ak)
Pontia sisymbrii sisymbrii (Boisduval, 1852)Spring WhiteBaja California, N along Sierra Nevada-Cascades to W-C OR; TL: USA (Ca)
Pontia sisymbrii nigravenosa Austin & J. Emmel, 1998Spring WhiteMojave Desert: SE CA, W AZ, S NV, SW UT; TL: USA (Nv)
Pontia sisymbrii transversa R. Holland, 1995Spring WhiteS AZ, S NM, W TX, N SON, N CHIH; TL: USA (Az)
Pontia sisymbrii elivata (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)Spring WhiteSE OR to C NV, E to CO, N NM; TL: USA (Co)
Pontia sisymbrii nordini (K. Johnson, 1977)Spring WhiteW NE, E WY, W SD, E MT; TL: USA (Ne)
Pontia sisymbrii flavitincta (J. A. Comstock, 1924)Spring WhiteS BC to NE OR, E to NW WY, W MT, S ALTA; TL: Canada (BC)
Pontia sisymbrii beringiensis C. Guppy & Kondla, 2001Spring WhiteN BC-S YK; TL: Canada (BC)
Pieris angelika Eitschberger, [1984]Arctic WhiteC AK to YK & N BC; TL: Canada (Yt)
Pieris marginalis pseudobryoniae W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916 TL: USA (Ak)
Pieris marginalis shapiroi Eitschberger, [1984] TL: USA (Ak)
Pieris marginalis hulda W. H. Edwards, 1869Margined WhiteAK coast from Kodiak Island to Aleutian Islands; TL: USA (Ak)
Pieris marginalis meckyae Eitschberger, [1984]Margined WhiteS-central AK (e.g., Anchorage to Palmer); TL: USA (Ak)
Pieris marginalis guppyi Eitschberger, [1984] TL: USA (Ak)
Pieris marginalis tremblayi Eitschberger, [1984] TL: USA (Ak), Canada (BC)
Pieris marginalis reicheli Eitschberger, [1984]Margined WhiteRocky Mts. Of BC, ALTA, N ID, N MT; TL: Canada (BC)
Pieris marginalis marginalis Scudder, 1861Margined WhiteW OR (N of Siskiyous), W Cascades to coast, N to SW BC; TL: USA (Wa)
Pieris marginalis sequoia J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Margined WhiteN CA coast: redwood forests Humboldt Co. (vic. Prairie Ck. S.P.); TL: USA (Ca)
Pieris marginalis venosa Scudder, 1861Margined Whitemuch of W CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Pieris marginalis castoria Reakirt, 1866Margined WhiteSiskiyou Mts. (SW OR, NW CA), W Sierra Nevada; TL: USA (Ca)
Pieris marginalis (Warner Mts. segregate)Margined WhiteWarner Mts., Lake Co. OR - Modoc Co. CA
Pieris marginalis ziegleri Eitschberger, 1991Margined WhiteNW WY, W MT, ID, E WA, NE OR; TL: USA (Mt)
Pieris marginalis pallidissima W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916Margined WhiteW CO, UT, far NW AZ, NE NV, S ID, SW WY; bivoltine; TL: USA (Ut)
Pieris marginalis macdunnoughii C. Remington, 1954Margined White[= macdunnoughii], CO, S WY, N NM; univoltine; TL: ?
Pieris marginalis mogollon Burdick, 1942Margined WhiteWhite Mts. (AZ) & Mogollon Rim (NM); TL: USA (NM)
Pieris oleracea oleracea (T. Harris, 1829)Mustard WhiteTL: USA (Ma/NH)
Pieris oleracea frigida Scudder, 1861Mustard WhiteTL: Canada (NL)
Pieris virginiensis virginiensis W. H. Edwards, 1870West Virginia WhiteTL: USA (WV)
Pieris virginiensis hyatti Eitschberger, [1984]West Virginia WhiteTL: Canada (On)
Pieris rapae rapae (Linnaeus, 1758)Cabbage Whitewidespread across N America to C Mexico, Hawaii; introduced; TL: Sweden
Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus, 1758) Accidental rare escapee in US, not to be expected; TL: Sweden
Glennia pylotis (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Leptophobia aripa aripa (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Venezuela
Leptophobia aripa balidia (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Leptophobia aripa elodia (Boisduval, 1836)Mountain WhiteS TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico; Cuba?
Leptophobia aripa elodina (Röber, 1908) TL: Bolivia
Leptophobia caesia caesia (Lucas, 1852) TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia caesia phanokia Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia caesia tenuicornis A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872Bluish WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Leptophobia caesia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Colombia
Leptophobia cinerea cinerea (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia cinerea menthe (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Peru
Leptophobia diaguita diaguita Jörgensen, 1916 TL: Argentina
Leptophobia diaguita latifascia Joicey & Talbot, 1928 TL: Peru; Ecuador
Leptophobia diaguita mandor Lamas, 2003 TL: Peru
Leptophobia eleone eleone (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: [Colombia]
Leptophobia eleone luca Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Bolivia
Leptophobia eleone denigrata Le Crom, Andrade & Winhard, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia eleusis eleusis (Lucas, 1852) TL: Colombia
Leptophobia eleusis mollitica Fruhstorfer, 1908 TL: Peru
Leptophobia eleusis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Leptophobia erinna (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Peru
Leptophobia eucosma eucosma (Erschoff, 1875) TL: Peru
Leptophobia eucosma euremoides Röber, 1908 TL: Peru
Leptophobia eucosma [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leptophobia eucosma [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leptophobia forsteri Baumann & Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Leptophobia gonzaga sotara Lamas, G. Rodríguez & Constantino, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia gonzaga gonzaga Fruhstorfer, 1908 TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia gonzaga [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Ecuador
Leptophobia helena helena (Lucas, 1852) TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia helena doubledayi Röber, 1908 TL: Bolivia
Leptophobia helena hughesi Lamas, 2003 TL: Peru
Leptophobia helena smithii (W. F. Kirby, 1881) TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia helena [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Colombia
Leptophobia helena [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia micaia Lamas, Pyrcz & G. Rodríguez, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia nephthis (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Bolivia; Peru
Leptophobia olympia olympia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Leptophobia olympia potoniei Baumann & Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Leptophobia olympia [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Leptophobia penthica penthica (Kollar, 1850) TL: Colombia
Leptophobia penthica basiliola Fruhstorfer, 1908 TL: Bolivia
Leptophobia penthica semicaesia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Leptophobia penthica stamnata (Lucas, 1852) TL: Venezuela
Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leptophobia penthica [n. ssp.#5] Lamas, MS TL: Bolivia
Leptophobia philoma philoma (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia philoma pastaza (Joicey & Talbot, 1928) TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia philoma subargentea A. Butler, 1898 TL: Peru
Leptophobia philoma intermedia Llorente & Le Crom, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia philoma pseudopenthica Le Crom & Llorente, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia philoma [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Leptophobia pinara pinara (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Leptophobia pinara [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Leptophobia tovaria (Panama segregate)Tovaria WhitePanama
Leptophobia tovaria tovaria (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Leptophobia tovaria gina Fruhstorfer, 1908 TL: Peru
Leptophobia tovaria maruga Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia tovaria subflavescens (W. F. Kirby, 1887) TL: Colombia
Leptophobia tovaria sanctipetri Andrade, Le Crom & Winhard, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia tovaria pseudolympia Le Crom, Llorente & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leptophobia tovaria [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Panama
Leptophobia tovaria [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Bolivia
Leptophobia tovaria [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS TL: Argentina
Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Venezuela
Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Colombia
Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS TL: Ecuador
Leptophobia [n. sp.#1] [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leptophobia [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Itaballia demophile demophile (Linnaeus, 1763) TL: Indiis
Itaballia demophile calydonia (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Colombia
Itaballia demophile centralis Joicey & Talbot, 1928Black-banded WhiteS TX (one-time stray), E & S Mexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Itaballia demophile charopus (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Brazil (Am)
Itaballia demophile huebneri (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: [Brazil]
Itaballia demophile lucania (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Peru
Itaballia demophile nimietes (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Brazil (Ba)
Itaballia demophile niphates (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Itaballia demophile niseias (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Paraguay
Itaballia marana (E. Doubleday, 1844) TL: [Ecuador]
Itaballia pandosia pandosia (Hewitson, 1853) TL: Venezuela
Itaballia pandosia kicaha (Reakirt, 1863)Brown-bordered WhiteS Mexico to Panama; TL: Honduras
Itaballia pandosia pisonis (Hewitson, 1861) TL: [Upper] Amazon; Colombia
Itaballia pandosia sabata (Fruhstorfer, 1907)Brown-bordered WhiteSE Panama, W Colombia; TL: Colombia
Pieriballia viardi viardi (Boisduval, 1836)Viardi WhiteS TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to Honduras; TL: Mexico
Pieriballia viardi apicalis (A. Butler, 1898) TL: Ecuador
Pieriballia viardi decorata (Joicey & Talbot, 1928) TL: Peru
Pieriballia viardi interposita (Joicey & Talbot, 1928) TL: Peru
Pieriballia viardi locusta (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia
Pieriballia viardi mandela (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Pieriballia viardi molione (Fruhstorfer, 1908) TL: Paraguay
Pieriballia viardi noctipennis (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Viardi WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Pieriballia viardi rubecula (Fruhstorfer, 1907) TL: Peru
Pieriballia viardi tithoreides (A. Butler, 1898) TL: Ecuador
Perrhybris lorena (Hewitson, 1852) TL: Ecuador
Perrhybris lypera lypera (Kollar, 1850) TL: Colombia
Perrhybris lypera septentrionalis Röber, 1928Yellow-banded WhiteGuatemala to Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Perrhybris lypera sulphuralis (A. Butler, 1896) TL: Colombia
Perrhybris pamela pamela (Stoll, 1780) TL: Surinam
Perrhybris pamela alethina (A. Butler, 1872)Dimorphic WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Perrhybris pamela amazonica Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Peru
Perrhybris pamela bertha Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Perrhybris pamela bogotana (A. Butler, 1898) TL: Colombia
Perrhybris pamela boyi J. Zikán, 1940 TL: Brazil (Am)
Perrhybris pamela carmenta Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Peru
Perrhybris pamela chajulensis J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1989Dimorphic WhiteN Oaxaca, Chiapas to Honduras; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Perrhybris pamela eieidias Hübner, [1821] TL: [Brazil]
Perrhybris pamela flava (Oberthür, 1896) TL: S. Amer.
Perrhybris pamela fruhstorferi Röber, 1908Dimorphic WhitePanama; TL: Panama
Perrhybris pamela glessaria Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Ecuador
Perrhybris pamela incisa Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Brazil (Ba)
Perrhybris pamela lucasi Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: French Guiana; Brazil
Perrhybris pamela malenka (Hewitson, 1852) TL: Venezuela
Perrhybris pamela mapa J. Maza & R. G. Maza, 1989Dimorphic WhiteSW Chiapas; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Perrhybris pamela mazuka Lamas, 1981 TL: Peru
Perrhybris pamela [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Costa Rica
Charonias eurytele eurytele (Hewitson, [1853]) TL: Ecuador
Charonias eurytele caraca Kaye, 1913 TL: Venezuela
Charonias eurytele dismorphina Röber, 1908 TL: Colombia
Charonias eurytele dismorphites (A. Butler, 1872)Tiger WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Charonias eurytele nigrescens (Salvin & Godman, 1868)Tiger WhiteS Mexico to Guatemala (at least); TL: Guatemala
Charonias eurytele [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Colombia
Charonias eurytele [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Venezuela
Charonias theano (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Archonias brassolis brassolis (Fabricius, 1776) TL: Surinam
Archonias brassolis approximata (A. Butler, 1873)Cattleheart WhiteSE Mexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Archonias brassolis brevia G. Rodríguez, Le Crom & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Archonias brassolis critias (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859) TL: S. Amer.
Archonias brassolis cutila Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Ecuador
Archonias brassolis marcias Hübner, [1831] TL: Brazil (Ba)
Archonias brassolis negrina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Brazil (Am)
Archonias brassolis nigripennis (A. Butler, 1873) TL: Colombia
Archonias brassolis rosacea (A. Butler, 1873) TL: Ecuador
Archonias brassolis rubrosparsa Stichel, 1908 TL: Ecuador
Archonias brassolis semialba Constantino, Salazar & Rodríguez, 2004 TL: Colombia
Archonias brassolis tereas (Godart, 1819) TL: Brazil
Catasticta abiseo Lamas & Bollino, 2004 TL: Peru
Catasticta affinis affinis Röber, 1909 TL: Colombia
Catasticta affinis giga F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Colombia
Catasticta albofasciata albofasciata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Colombia
Catasticta albofasciata rubroreducta Reissinger, 1972 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta amastris amastris (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta amastris dentata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta anaitis anaitis (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta anaitis felicitas Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta anaitis sordida A. Butler, 1897 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta anaitis suasella Röber, 1908 TL: Peru
Catasticta apaturina apaturina A. Butler, 1901 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta apaturina citra F. Brown, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta apaturina subturina Reissinger, 1972 TL: Colombia
Catasticta apaturina supraturina Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta arborardens Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta atahuallpa (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta aureomaculata aureomaculata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta aureomaculata gabrieli Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta aureomaculata [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Catasticta bithys (Hübner, [1831]) TL: Brazil (SP)
Catasticta cerberus Godman & Salvin, 1889Costa Rican DartwhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Catasticta chelidonis chelidonis (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta chelidonis contrasta Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta chelidonis igneata Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta chelidonis jacinta A. Butler, 1901 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta chelidonis taminoides Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta chrysolopha chrysolopha (Kollar, 1850) TL: [Colombia]
Catasticta chrysolopha adamsi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Colombia
Catasticta chrysolopha beatrizae Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta chrysolopha quiroza F. Brown, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta chrysolopha spectrum Reissinger, 1972 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta chrysolopha [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Catasticta cinerea cinerea A. Butler, 1897 TL: [Ecuador]
Catasticta cinerea ariadne Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta cinerea coerulescens (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta cinerea hollandi Avinoff, 1926 TL: Colombia
Catasticta cinerea laurentina (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Colombia
Catasticta cinerea rochereaui Le Cerf, 1924 TL: Colombia
Catasticta cinerea substituta (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta cinerea suprema Fassl, 1915 TL: Colombia
Catasticta colla colla (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta colla philomene Röber, 1908 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta colla punctata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta collina collina F. Brown, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta collina carpis Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta cora (Lucas, 1852) TL: Peru
Catasticta corcyra corcyra (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859) TL: [Bolivia]
Catasticta corcyra staudingeri A. Butler, 1897 TL: Peru
Catasticta ctemene ctemene (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta ctemene actinotis A. Butler, 1872Darkened DartwhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Catasticta ctemene alma (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta ctemene grisella Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta ctemene rubricata Weymer, 1907 TL: Colombia
Catasticta ctemene strigosa A. Butler, 1896 TL: Peru
Catasticta ctemene zebrella Fruhstorfer, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta ctemene [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Catasticta discalba F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta distincta Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta duida F. Brown, 1932 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta eurigania eurigania (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta eurigania straminea A. Butler, 1896 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta ferra ferra F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta ferra ferruginosa Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta ferra orcus Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Colombia
Catasticta ferra putumayo Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Colombia
Catasticta flisa flisa (Herrich-Schäffer, [1858])Narrow-banded Dartwhite[= arechiza], E & W Mexico to Guatemala; TL: Mexico
Catasticta flisa archoflisa Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998Narrow-banded DartwhitePanama; TL: Panama
Catasticta flisa arechiza (Reakirt, 1866) TL: Mexico
Catasticta flisa briseis Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta flisa dilutior Avinoff, 1926 TL: Colombia
Catasticta flisa duna Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta flisa flisandra Reissinger, 1972Narrow-banded DartwhiteChiapas & Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Catasticta flisa flisella Reissinger, 1972Narrow-banded DartwhiteSE Mexico to El Salvador; TL: Guatemala
Catasticta flisa flisoides Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Colombia
Catasticta flisa melanisa Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998Narrow-banded DartwhiteCosta Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Catasticta flisa noakesi Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915 TL: Colombia
Catasticta flisa postaurea F. Brown, 1933 TL: Colombia
Catasticta flisa viloria Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta oaxaca Beutelspacher, 1984Oaxacan DartwhiteOaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico; TL: Mexico (Oax)
Catasticta frontina frontina F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Colombia
Catasticta frontina muehlei Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta frontina zamorana Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta fulva fulva Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915 TL: Peru
Catasticta fulva kentae F. Brown & Goodson, 1940 TL: Peru
Catasticta fulva [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Catasticta grisea Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915 TL: Peru
Catasticta hebra hebra (Lucas, 1852) TL: Colombia
Catasticta hebra apollinari Fassl, 1915 TL: Colombia
Catasticta hebra crowleyi A. Butler, 1901 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta hebra mariae Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Colombia
Catasticta hebra potamea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela; Ecuador
Catasticta hegemon hegemon Godman & Salvin, 1889Frosted DartwhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Catasticta hegemon helle Röber, 1924 TL: Colombia
Catasticta hegemon tatae F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta huancabambensis huancabambensis Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915 TL: Peru
Catasticta huancabambensis bamba Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta huebneri Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta incerta incerta (Dognin, 1888) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta incerta concerta Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta lanceolata lanceolata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Colombia
Catasticta lanceolata alexandra Bollino & L. Rodríguez, 2003 TL: Colombia
Catasticta leucophaea leucophaea Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta leucophaea lathyi Joicey & Talbot, 1918 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta lisa Baumann & Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Catasticta ludovici Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta lycurgus (Godman & Salvin, 1880) TL: Colombia
Catasticta manco manco (E. Doubleday, 1848) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta manco capac Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta manco reissingeri Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta marcapita marcapita Röber, 1909 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta marcapita boettgeri Bollino & Lamas, 2004 TL: Peru
Catasticta marcapita roberti Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta modesta modesta (Lucas, 1852) TL: Peru
Catasticta modesta goodsoni Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta modesta sachapuyo Bollino & Vitale, 2003 TL: Peru
Catasticta modesta [n. ssp.] Bollino, MS Bolivia
Catasticta nimbata nimbata Joicey & Talbot, 1918 TL: Peru
Catasticta nimbata philobata Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta nimbata pleione Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta nimbice nimbice (Boisduval, 1836)Mexican DartwhiteW TX, E & W Mexico to Oaxaca; TL: Mexico
Catasticta nimbice ochracea (H. Bates, 1864)Mexican DartwhiteChiapas and Guatemala to Nicaragua; TL: Guatemala
Catasticta nimbice bryson Godman & Salvin, 1889Mexican DartwhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica; Panama
Catasticta nimbice ligata Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998Mexican DartwhitePanama; TL: Panama
Catasticta nimbice [n. ssp.] Llorente, MSMexican DartwhiteLos Tuxtlas region, Veracruz
Catasticta notha notha (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: Venezuela
Catasticta notha caucana Röber, 1908 TL: Colombia
Catasticta notha pieridoides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Catasticta paucartambo (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta pharnakia pharnakia Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Peru
Catasticta pharnakia styx Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta philais philais (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Catasticta philais borgesi Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta philodora philodora F. Brown, 1939 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta philodora maja Reissinger, 1972 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta philodora zamora Reissinger, 1972 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta philone philone (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia; Ecuador
Catasticta philone ecuadora F. Brown, 1939 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta philone florida Bollino & Vitale, 2003 TL: Peru
Catasticta philone grossana F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Colombia
Catasticta philone stabilis Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta philone variabilis Röber, 1924 TL: Colombia
Catasticta philoscia philoscia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Venezuela
Catasticta philoscia incertina Röber, 1924 TL: Colombia
Catasticta philoscia reyi Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta philothea (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Catasticta pieris pieris (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Bolivia; Peru
Catasticta pieris innuba Röber, 1908 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta pieris intermedia Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta pinava pinava (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta pinava lucida Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta pluvius pluvius Tessmann, 1928 TL: Peru
Catasticta pluvius seminigra Bollino & Vitale, 2004 TL: Peru
Catasticta potameoides Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta poujadei poujadei (Dognin, 1887) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta poujadei condor Radford & Willmott, 2013 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta poujadei clara Röber, 1909 TL: [Peru]
Catasticta poujadei eximia Röber, 1909 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta poujadei lamasi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta prioneris prioneris (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Peru
Catasticta prioneris albescens Röber, 1924 TL: Colombia
Catasticta prioneris araguana Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta prioneris estancia Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta prioneris nigrilineata Bollino, L. Rodríguez & Constantino, 2004 TL: Colombia
Catasticta prioneris parrishi Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta prioneris peruviana Joicey & Talbot, 1918 TL: Peru
Catasticta radiata radiata (Kollar, 1850) TL: [Colombia]
Catasticta radiata julita Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta reducta reducta A. Butler, 1896 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta reducta boliviana A. Butler, 1896 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta reducta butleria F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta revancha Rey & Pyrcz, 1996 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta rileya F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta rosea Joicey & Rosenberg, 1915 TL: Colombia
Catasticta scaeva scaeva Röber, 1909 TL: Peru
Catasticta scaeva restricta F. Brown & Goodson, 1940 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta scurra Röber, 1924 TL: Peru
Catasticta seitzi seitzi Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Colombia
Catasticta seitzi blanca Reissinger, 1972 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta seitzi clarita Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta seitzi zana F. Brown, 1939 TL: Colombia
Catasticta sella sella Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta sella dognini Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta semiramis semiramis (Lucas, 1852) TL: Colombia
Catasticta semiramis belmira Bollino & L. Rodríguez, 2003 TL: Colombia
Catasticta semiramis costarum Bollino & Lamas, 2004 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta semiramis palla F. Brown, 1939 TL: Colombia
Catasticta semiramis salomon (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta semiramis willmotti Bollino & Lamas, 2004 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta similis Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta sinapina sinapina A. Butler, 1896 TL: Peru
Catasticta sinapina subflava Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta sisamnus sisamnus (Fabricius, 1793) TL: ?
Catasticta sisamnus ayanganna Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Guyana
Catasticta sisamnus bithyna Röber, 1924 TL: Colombia
Catasticta sisamnus merida Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta sisamnus smalli Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998Whitened DartwhiteHonduras to Panama; TL: Panama
Catasticta sisamnus telasco (Lucas, 1852) TL: Peru
Catasticta smithia F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta socorrensis socorrensis Fassl, 1915 TL: Colombia
Catasticta socorrensis cotopaxiensis (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta striata striata (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta striata batesi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta striata jimbura Bollino & Vitale, 2002 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta striata [n. ssp.#1] Bollino & Lamas, MS TL: Ecuador
Catasticta striata [n. ssp.#2] Bollino & Lamas, MS TL: Ecuador
Catasticta suadela (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Peru
Catasticta suasa suasa Röber, 1908 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta suasa pacis Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta suasa [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Catasticta superba Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta susiana susiana (Hopffer, 1874) TL: Peru
Catasticta susiana acomayo Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta susiana amba F. Brown, Gabriel & Goodson, 1940 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta susiana galbinea Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Peru
Catasticta susiana roeberi Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta susiana sebundoia Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta susiana tamboensis Joicey & Talbot, 1918 TL: not specified
Catasticta tamsa tamsa F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Peru
Catasticta tamsa yanganza Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta teutamis teutamis (Hewitson, 1860) TL: Peru
Catasticta teutamis epimene (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta teutamis [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Catasticta teutila teutila (E. Doubleday, 1847)Pure-banded DartwhiteC Mexico (Jalisco to Veracruz); TL: Mexico
Catasticta teutila flavifaciata Beutelspacher, 1986Pure-banded DartwhiteS Mexico (Oaxaca); TL: Mexico (Oax)
Catasticta teutila [n. ssp.#1] Llorente, MSPure-banded DartwhiteS Mexico (Guerrero); TL: Mexico (Gue)
Catasticta teutila [n. ssp.#2] Llorente, MSPure-banded DartwhiteS Mexico (Chiapas) to Guatemala (at least); TL: Mexico (Chia)
Catasticta teutila flavomaculata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912Pure-banded DartwhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Catasticta theresa A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874Small DartwhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Catasticta thomasorum thomasorum Jasinski, 1998 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta thomasorum inexpectata Bollino & Vitale, 2004 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta toca toca (E. Doubleday, 1847) TL: Bolivia
Catasticta toca detrita Röber, 1909 TL: Peru
Catasticta tomyris tomyris (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Catasticta tomyris barbara Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Catasticta tomyris myris (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Ecuador
Catasticta tomyris subtamina (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Venezuela
Catasticta tomyris subtomyris Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta tomyris tamina Röber, 1909 TL: Bolivia
Catasticta tricolor tricolor A. Butler, 1897 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta tricolor rodriguezi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Colombia
Catasticta tricolor tomasi Wojtusiak & Rey, 1999 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta troezene troezene (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Catasticta troezene gelba F. Brown & Gabriel, 1939 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta troezene miza Bollino & Costa, 2007 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta troezene troezenides Röber, 1908 TL: Colombia
Catasticta truncata truncata Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta truncata xanthotaenia Röber, 1924 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta uricoecheae uricoecheae (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia
Catasticta uricoecheae flava E. Krüger, 1925 TL: Colombia
Catasticta uricoecheae inopa Wojtusiak & Rey, 1999 TL: Venezuela
Catasticta vilcabamba Lamas & Bollino, 2004 TL: Peru
Catasticta vulnerata vulnerata A. Butler, 1897 TL: Ecuador
Catasticta vulnerata koenigi (Eitschberger & T. Racheli, 1998) TL: Peru
Catasticta watkinsi watkinsi Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta watkinsi huanuco Reissinger, 1972 TL: Peru
Catasticta watkinsi suffusa Lathy & Rosenberg, 1912 TL: Peru
Catasticta [n. sp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Catasticta [n. sp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Catasticta [n. sp.#3] Llorente, MS TL: Mexico
Catasticta [n. sp.#4] Lamas & Bollino, MS TL: Peru
Catasticta [n. sp.#5] Lamas & Bollino, MS TL: Peru
Eucheira socialis socialis Westwood, 1834Social WhiteC Mexico to Oaxaca; TL: Mexico
Eucheira socialis westwoodi Beutelspacher, 1984Social WhiteNW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Dur)
Neophasia menapia tehachapina J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Pine WhiteTehachapi Mts., Kern Co., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Neophasia menapia menapia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)Pine WhiteCA Sierra Nevada N to N OR/ S WA (or BC if tau treated as syn.); TL: USA (Nv)
Neophasia menapia melanica Scott, 1981Pine Whiteimmediate coast, Mendocino Co., CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Neophasia menapia tau (Scudder, 1861)Pine WhiteBC, WA, ID, W MT, NE WY, blending in OR with typical menapia; TL: USA (Wa)
Neophasia menapia magnamenapia Austin, 1998Pine WhiteW NV, S & C UT, AZ, NM, CO, E WY, W NE, W SD; TL: USA (Nv)
Neophasia terlooii Behr, 1869Mexican Pine WhiteSE AZ, SW NM to central western Mexico (MICH), also NL; TL: Mexico
Pereute antodyca (Boisduval, 1836) TL: Brazil
Pereute callinice callinice (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia; Venezuela
Pereute callinice numbalensis Joicey & Talbot, 1928 TL: Ecuador
Pereute callinira callinira Staudinger, 1884 TL: Peru; Colombia
Pereute callinira sabrina Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Colombia
Pereute charops leonilae Llorente, 1986Darkened WhiteNW Mexico (Sinaloa to Colima); TL: Mexico (Nay)
Pereute charops sphocra Draudt, 1931Darkened WhiteSW Mexico (Pacific slope of Guerrero & Oaxaca); TL: Mexico (Gue)
Pereute charops charops (Boisduval, 1836)Darkened WhiteE Mexico; TL: Mexico
Pereute charops nigricans Joicey & Talbot, 1928Darkened WhiteS Mexico (Chiapas) to Nicaragua; TL: Guatemala
Pereute charops (Costa Rican segregate)Darkened WhiteCosta Rica & Panama
Pereute charops columbica Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Colombia
Pereute charops peruviana (Hopffer, 1878) TL: Peru
Pereute charops venezuelana (Hopffer, 1878) TL: [Venezuela]
Pereute charops [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Costa Rica
Pereute cheops Staudinger, 1884Dark WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Panama
Pereute leucodrosime leucodrosime (Kollar, 1850) TL: Colombia
Pereute leucodrosime bellatrix Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Peru
Pereute leucodrosime beryllina Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Ecuador
Pereute leucodrosime caesarea (Lucas, 1852) TL: [Ecuador]
Pereute lindemannae lindemannae Reissinger, 1970 TL: Brazil (Am)
Pereute lindemannae pemona de Marmels, Clavijo & M. Chacín, 2003 TL: Venezuela
Pereute lindemannae piaroa de Marmels, Clavijo & M. Chacín, 2003 TL: Venezuela
Pereute swainsoni (G. Gray, 1832) TL: Brazil
Pereute telthusa (Hewitson, 1860) TL: Peru
Leodonta dysoni dysoni (E. Doubleday, 1847)Dyson's WhiteCosta Rica to Venezuela; TL: Venezuela
Leodonta dysoni batzebina Röber, 1924 TL: Colombia
Leodonta dysoni marginata Schaus, 1902 TL: Venezuela
Leodonta dysoni [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Leodonta tagaste tagaste (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859) TL: Peru
Leodonta tagaste colombiana Constantino & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leodonta tagaste [n. ssp.] Lamas, MS Peru
Leodonta tellane tellane (Hewitson, 1860) TL: Colombia
Leodonta tellane chiriquensis (Staudinger, 1884)Tellane WhiteCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Panama
Leodonta tellane intermedia Röber, 1908 TL: Colombia
Leodonta tellane tingomariae Baumann & Reissinger, 1969 TL: Peru
Leodonta tellane triangulata Constantino & Rodríguez, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#1] Constantino, MS TL: Colombia
Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Ecuador
Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#3] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leodonta tellane [n. ssp.#4] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leodonta zenobia zenobia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Leodonta zenobia monticola Joicey & Talbot, 1918 TL: Peru
Leodonta zenobia angustata Constantino & Fagua, 2004 TL: Colombia
Leodonta zenobia [n. ssp.#1] Lamas, MS TL: Venezuela
Leodonta zenobia [n. ssp.#2] Lamas, MS TL: Peru
Leodonta zenobina (Hopffer, 1869) TL: Peru
Melete calymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Brazil (Am)
Melete leucadia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862) TL: Brazil (Am)
Melete leucanthe leucanthe (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia; [Ecuador]
Melete leucanthe veronica Le Crom & Llorente, 2004 TL: Colombia
Melete lycimnia lycimnia (Cramer, 1777) TL: Surinam
Melete lycimnia aelia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861) TL: Colombia; [Ecuador]
Melete lycimnia chagris (Staudinger, 1876)Creamy WhitePanama; TL: Panama
Melete lycimnia eurymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Melete lycimnia flippantha (Fabricius, 1793) TL: ?
Melete lycimnia harti (A. Butler, 1896) TL: Trinidad
Melete lycimnia isandra (Boisduval, 1836)Creamy WhiteS TX (as stray), E & W Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Melete lycimnia latilimbata (A. Butler, 1896) TL: Ecuador
Melete lycimnia monstrosa (A. Butler, 1875)Creamy WhitePanama; TL: Panama
Melete lycimnia napona (Röber, 1909) TL: Ecuador
Melete lycimnia narmia Fruhstorfer, 1910 TL: [Brazil (MT)]
Melete lycimnia paulista Fruhstorfer, 1908 TL: Brazil (SP)
Melete lycimnia peruviana (Lucas, 1852) TL: Peru
Melete lycimnia petronia Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Brazil (SC)
Melete lycimnia phazania Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Brazil (Ba)
Melete lycimnia reducta Constantino, Le Crom & Torres, 2004 TL: Colombia
Melete lycimnia theodori Fruhstorfer, 1907 TL: Brazil (Am)
Melete polyhymnia polyhymnia (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Melete polyhymnia caesarea Fruhstorfer, 1912 TL: Colombia
Melete polyhymnia florinda (A. Butler, 1875)Golden WhiteChiapas to Colombia; TL: Panama
Melete polyhymnia serrana R. G. Maza, 1984Golden WhiteN Oaxaca, Mexico (Gulf Slope); TL: Mexico (Oax)
Melete salacia salacia (Godart, 1819)Black-striped WhiteHispaniola; TL: ?
Melete salacia cubana Fruhstorfer, 1908Black-striped WhiteCuba; TL: Cuba
Glutophrissa drusilla drusilla (Cramer, 1777) TL: Batavia
Glutophrissa drusilla boydi (W. Comstock, 1943)Florida WhiteHispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico, Culebra, Virgin Islands; TL: Dominican Rep.
Glutophrissa drusilla castalia (Fabricius, 1793)Florida WhiteJamaica; TL: India
Glutophrissa drusilla comstocki (Dillon, 1947)Florida WhiteDominica & Martinique; TL: Dominica
Glutophrissa drusilla monomorpha (A. Hall, 1936)Florida WhiteGrenada; TL: Grenada
Glutophrissa drusilla neumoegenii (Skinner, 1894)Florida WhiteS Florida; TL: USA (Fl)
Glutophrissa drusilla poeyi (A. Butler, 1872)Florida WhiteBahamas, Cuba, Isla de Juventud, Caymans; TL: Cuba
Glutophrissa drusilla tenuis (Lamas, 1981)Florida WhiteW Mexico & S TX (strays far N) to Peru; TL: Peru
Glutophrissa punctifera (R.F. d'Almeida, 1939)Antillean WhiteHispaniola, Puerto Rico, St. Thomas & St. John; TL: Puerto Rico
   
   Family LYCAENIDAE [Leach], [1815]GOSSAMERWINGS 
   
   Subfamily Miletinae   
   
Feniseca tarquinius tarquinius (Fabricius, 1793)HarvesterTL: not specified
Feniseca tarquinius novascotiae McDunnough, 1935HarvesterTL: not specified
   
   Subfamily Lycaeninae   
   
Iophanus pyrrhias (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Guatemalan CopperChiapas and Guatemala; TL: Guatemala
Lycaena phlaeas hypophlaeas (Boisduval, 1852)American CopperTL: USA (Ma)
Lycaena phlaeas feildeni (M'Lachlan, 1878)American Coppercoastal tundra in Nunavut, NWT, YK, AK; TL: not specified
Lycaena phlaeas arethusa (Wolley-Dod, 1907)American CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena phlaeas weberi Kohler, 2007American CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena phlaeas arctodon Ferris, 1974American CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena phlaeas shields Kemal & Koçak, 2007American Copper[alpestris is preoccupied]; TL: not specified
Lycaena cupreus lapidicola J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Lustrous CopperCA Sierra Nevada from Nevada to Tulare-Inyo Cos.; similar in White Mts.; TL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena cupreus cupreus (W. H. Edwards, 1870)Lustrous Copper[= artemisia], N CA, C-E OR, ID, NE NV, MT, NW WY, N UT; TL: USA (Or)
Lycaena cupreus henryae (Cadbury, 1937)Lustrous CopperBC, ALTA, N WA, NW MT; TL: not specified
Lycaena cupreus snowi (W. H. Edwards, [1881])Lustrous CopperS Rocky Mts. of SE WY, CO, N NM; high Uinta and La Sal Mts., UT; TL: USA (Co)
Lycaena arota arota (Boisduval, 1852)Tailed CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena arota (C CA interior Coast Range segregate)Tailed Copper
Lycaena arota (Willamette Valley segregate)Tailed CopperWillamette Valley, W Oregon
Lycaena arota virginiensis (W. H. Edwards, 1870)Tailed CopperTL: USA (Nv)
Lycaena arota nubila (J. A. Comstock, 1926)Tailed CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena arota schellbachi Tilden, 1955Tailed CopperTL: USA (Az)
Lycaena hermes (W. H. Edwards, 1870)Hermes CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena dione (Scudder, 1868)Gray CopperTL: USA (Ia)
Lycaena editha editha (Mead, 1878)Edith's CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena editha pseudonexa J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Edith's CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena editha obscuramaculata Austin, 1989Edith's CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena editha (NE Oregon segregate)Edith's Copper[nr. editha], NE Oregon
Lycaena editha vurali Koçak, 1984Edith's CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena xanthoides nigromaculata J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Great CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena xanthoides xanthoides (Boisduval, 1852)Great CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena xanthoides obsolescens J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Great CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena gorgon gorgon (Boisduval, 1852)Gorgon CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena gorgon micropunctata J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Gorgon CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena gorgon jacquelineae J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Gorgon CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena gorgon dorothea J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Gorgon CopperTL: USA (Or)
Lycaena rubidus monachensis K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977Ruddy CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena rubidus incana Austin, 1998Ruddy CopperTL: USA (Nv)
Lycaena rubidus rubidus (Behr, 1866)Ruddy Copper[= duofascies]; TL: USA (Or)
Lycaena rubidus duofascies K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977 TL: USA (Id)
Lycaena rubidus perkinsorum K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977Ruddy CopperTL: USA (Or)
Lycaena rubidus sirius (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Ruddy CopperTL: USA (Co)
Lycaena rubidus longi K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977Ruddy CopperTL: USA (Ne)
Lycaena rubidus ferrisi K. Johnson & Balogh, 1977Ruddy CopperTL: USA (Az)
Lycaena heteronea heteronea Boisduval, 1852Blue CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena heteronea northi J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Blue CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena heteronea submaculata J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Blue CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena heteronea clara H. Edwards, [1880]Blue CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena heteronea austin Kemal & Koçak, 2007Blue Copper[rutila is preoccupied]; TL: not specified
Lycaena heteronea rava Austin, 1998Blue CopperTL: USA (Nv)
Lycaena heteronea klotsi W. D. Field, 1936Blue CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena heteronea gravenotata Klots, 1930Blue CopperTL: USA (Co)
Lycaena heteronea (E base Cascades- boldly spotted segregate)Blue Copper[= nr. gravenotata], E base Cascades far N CA, OR, far S WA
Lycaena hyllus (Cramer, 1775)Bronze CopperTL: USA (NY)
Lycaena epixanthe epixanthe (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])Bog CopperTL: USA (NJ)
Lycaena epixanthe phaedrus (G. Hall, 1924)Bog CopperTL: Canada (NS)
Lycaena epixanthe michiganensis Rawson, 1948Bog CopperTL: USA (Mi)
Lycaena dorcas claytoni A. E. Brower, 1940Dorcas CopperTL: USA (Me)
Lycaena dorcas michuron Scott, 2006Dorcas CopperTL: USA (Mi)
Lycaena dorcas dorcas W. Kirby, 1837Dorcas CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena dorcas arcticus (Ferris, 1977)Dorcas CopperTL: Canada (Yt)
Lycaena dorcas florus (W. H. Edwards, [1884])Dorcas CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena dorcas megaloceras (Ferris, 1977)Dorcas CopperTL: USA (Wy)
Lycaena dorcas castro (Reakirt, 1866)Dorcas Copper[= sangremar]; TL: USA (Co)
Lycaena dospassosi McDunnough, 1940Dos Passos' CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena helloides (Boisduval, 1852)Purplish CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena nivalis nivalis (Boisduval, 1869)Lilac-bordered CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena nivalis (W Cascadian segregate)Lilac-bordered Copper[nr. bichroma]
Lycaena nivalis bichroma J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Lilac-bordered CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena nivalis warnermontana J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998Lilac-bordered CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena nivalis (NE Oregon segregate)Lilac-bordered Copper[nr. warnermontana]
Lycaena nivalis praetexta Austin, 1998Lilac-bordered CopperTL: USA (Nv)
Lycaena nivalis browni dos Passos, 1938Lilac-bordered CopperTL: USA (Id)
Lycaena mariposa mariposa (Reakirt, 1866)Mariposa CopperTL: USA (Ca)
Lycaena mariposa (W Siskiyou segregate)Mariposa CopperW Siskiyous, Josephine Co., OR
Lycaena mariposa charlottensis (W. Holland, 1930)Mariposa CopperTL: not specified
Lycaena mariposa penroseae W. D. Field, 1938Mariposa CopperTL: USA (Wy)
   
   Subfamily Theclinae   
   
   Tribe Theclini   
   
Hypaurotis crysalus crysalus (W. H. Edwards, 1873)Colorado HairstreakC & S CO, NM, far W TX, AZ, SON; TL: USA (Co)
Hypaurotis crysalus intermedia Austin, 1998Colorado HairstreakSE NV, SW UT; TL: USA (Nv)
Hypaurotis crysalus citima (H. Edwards, 1881)Colorado HairstreakN UT; NW CO pops. intermediate towards nominate; TL: USA (Ut)
Hypaurotis crysalus (Mexican segregate)Colorado HairstreakNE Mexico (COAH, NL, DGO), Oaxaca
Habrodais grunus lorquini W. D. Field, 1938Golden HairstreakSW ORE (Siskiyous) to C CA Coast Ranges; TL: USA (Ca)
Habrodais grunus grunus (Boisduval, 1852)Golden HairstreakS CA & Sierra Nevada; TL: USA (Ca)
Habrodais grunus herri W. D. Field, 1938Golden HairstreakCascade Mountains, far S WA (Skamania Co.), OR, N OR Coast Range; TL: USA (Or)
Habrodais poodiae J. Brown & Faulkner, 1982Baja HairstreakBaja California (Sierra San Pedro Martir); TL: Mexico (BCN)
   
   Tribe Eumaeini   
   
Eumaeus childrenae (G. Gray, 1832)Great Cycadian[= debora], E & S Mexico to Honduras; TL: Mexico
Eumaeus godartii (Boisduval, 1870)White-tipped CycadianNicaragua to W Ecuador; TL: Guatemala
Eumaeus minyas (Hübner, [1809])Minyas CycadianColombia to Peru & C Brazil; TL: ?
Eumaeus toxea (Godart, [1824])Mexican CycadianE & W Mexico to Nicaragua (S TX as very rare stray); TL: S. Amer.
Eumaeus atala (Poey, 1832)AtalaS FL, Bahamas, Cuba, Isla de Juventud; TL: Cuba
Eumaeus toxana (Boisduval, 1870)ToxanaVenezuela to Bolivia; TL: [Colombia]
Theorema sapho (Staudinger, 1888)Banded CycadianPanama to Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Theorema eumenia Hewitson, 1865Tailed CycadianSE Mexico to Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Theorema pyrczia Bálint, 2010Pyrcz's Tailed CycadianVenezuela; TL: Venezuela
Theorema dysmenia Draudt, 1919Dark CycadianColombia, ?Peru; TL: Colombia
Paiwarria antinous (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Felders' HairstreakS Mexico (CHIS) to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Paiwarria telemus (Cramer, 1775)Telemus HairstreakColombia to S Brazil; TL: Guyana
Paiwarria venulius (Cramer, 1779)Venulius HairstreakColombia to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Paiwarria aphaca (Hewitson, 1867)Aphaca HairstreakC to S Brazil and Paraguay; TL: Brazil
Paiwarria episcopalis (Fassl, 1912)Episcopal HairstreakColombia; TL: Colombia
Paiwarria chuchuvia J. Hall & Willmott, 2005Chuchuvia HairstreakEcuador; TL: Ecuador
Paiwarria umbratus (Geyer, 1837)Thick-tailed HairstreakE & W Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Yuc)
Mithras nautes (Cramer, 1779)Nautes MithrasVenezuela to Peru & C Brazil; TL: Surinam
Mithras elis (Cramer, 1779)Elis MithrasE Ecuador & Peru to Surinam; TL: Surinam
Mithras orobia (Hewitson, 1867)Orobia MithrasEcuador to Bolivia & C Brazil; TL: Brazil
Mithras colombiensis (K. Johnson & Constantino, 1997)Colombian MithrasColombia & S. Brazil; TL: Colombia
Mithras [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Mithras [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Guatemala
Mithras vossoroca (Bálint & Moser, 2001)Vossoroca MithrasS. Brazil; TL: Brazil (SC)
Mithras [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Mithras [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Mithras [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Mithras oroanna (Bálint, 2002)Oroanna MithrasE Ecuador to Peru; TL: Peru
Mithras orobiana (Hewitson, 1867)Orobiana MithrasAmazonian region of Brazil; TL: Brazil (Am)
Mithras orocana (H. Druce, 1912)Orocana MithrasColombia to Peru; TL: Peru
Mithras catrea (Hewitson, 1874)Catrea MithrasS Brazil; TL: Brazil
Dabreras teucria (Hewitson, 1868)Double-patched HairstreakVenezuela to Peru & C Brazil; TL: not specified
Brangas moserorum Bálint & Faynel, 2008Mosers' BrangasParaguay & S Brazil; TL: Brazil (SP)
Brangas neora (Hewitson, 1867)Widespread BrangasE & W Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Guatemala
Brangas rita (Goodson, 1945)Brown BrangasPanama & Colombia; TL: Colombia
Brangas dydimaon (Cramer, 1777)Twin BrangasColombia, Trinidad to Bolivia & C Brazil; TL: Surinam
Brangas coccineifrons (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Black-veined BrangasSE Mexico to Colombia; TL: Nicaragua; Colombia
Brangas torfrida (Hewitson, 1867)Torfrida BrangasC & S Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Brangas carthaea (Hewitson, 1868)Green-spotted BrangasE Mexico to Ecuador; TL: Mexico
Brangas [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Brangas getus (Fabricius, 1787)Bright BrangasSE Mexico to S Brazil, Trinidad; TL: Surinam
Brangas caranus (Stoll, 1780)Caranus BrangasVenezuela to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Brangas [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Brangas rambutorum Bálint & Faynel, 2008Rambuteau's BrangasColombia & Venezuela; TL: Venezuela?
Brangas neildonatus Bálint & Faynel, 2008Neild's BrangasVenezuela; TL: Venezuela
Brangas silumena (Hewitson, 1867)Silumena BrangasParaguay & S Brazil; TL: ?
Brangas felderi (Goodson, 1945)Felders' BrangasColombia & Ecuador; TL: Colombia; Ecuador
Brangas [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: not specified
Brangas polonus Bálint, 2008Pyrcz's BrangasPeru & Bolivia; TL: Peru
Brangas insolitus Bálint & Faynel, 2008Isolated BrangasEcuador; TL: Ecuador
Thaeides theia (Hewitson, 1870)Brown-barred HairstreakSE Mexico to Bolivia & SE Brazil; TL: Ecuador
Thaeides muela (Dyar, 1913)Muela HairstreakEcuador to Chile; TL: Peru
Thaeides goleta (Hewitson, 1877)Goleta HairstreakColombia; TL: Colombia
Thaeides xavieri (Le Crom & K. Johnson, 1997)Xavier's HairstreakColombia; TL: Colombia
Thaeides pyrczi (K. Johnson, Le Crom & Constantino, 1997)Pyrcz's HairstreakVenezuela; TL: Venezuela
Enos falerina (Hewitson, 1867)Falerina HairstreakS Mexico (CHIS) to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Enos thara (Hewitson, 1867)Thara HairstreakSE Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Enos myrtea (Hewitson, 1867)Myrtea HairstreakColombia to C Brazil; TL: Brazil
Enos mazurka (Hewitson, 1867)Mazurka HairstreakBrazil; TL: Brazil
Enos maculata (Lathy, 1936)Spotted HairstreakEcuador to C Brazil; TL: Peru
Lamasina draudti (Lathy, 1926)Draudt's Hairstreak[= godmani], Guatemala to Colombia; TL: C. Amer.; Colombia
Lamasina lathyi (Bálint, 2005)Lathy's HairstreakEcuador, Peru; TL: Peru
Lamasina ganimedes (Cramer, 1775)Ganimedes HairstreakAmazonas & Guianas; TL: West Indies
Airamanna columbia (Bálint, 2005)Colombian HairstreakColombia; TL: Colombia
Airamanna rhaptissima (K. Johnson, 1991)Rhaptissima HairstreakColombia to Peru; TL: Ecuador
Airamanna rhapsodia (Bálint, 2005)Rhapsodia HairstreakBolivia; TL: Bolivia
Evenus regalis (Cramer, 1775)Regal HairstreakE & W Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Evenus coronata (Hewitson, 1865)Crowned HairstreakS Mexico (CHIS) to Ecuador; TL: Colombia; Guatemala
Evenus felix Neild & Bálint, 2014Felix's HairstreakVenezuela to Peru; TL: Ecudaor
Evenus gabriela (Cramer, 1775)Gabriela HairstreakColombia to C Brazil; TL: Guyana
Evenus batesii (Hewitson, 1865)Bates’ Hairstreak[= teresina], SE Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Evenus candidus (H. Druce, 1907)Candid HairstreakPanama to Amazonas; TL: Colombia
Evenus sponsa (Möschler, 1877)Sponsa HairstreakSurinam and Guianas; TL: Surinam
Evenus sumptuosa (H. Druce, 1907)Sumptuosa HairstreakEcuador to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (ES)
Evenus tagyra (Hewitson, 1865)Tagyra HairstreakPeru to C Brazil; TL: Brazil
Evenus floralia (H. Druce, 1907)Floral HairstreakPeru to C Brazil; TL: Brazil (Ma)
Evenus temathea (Hewitson, 1865)Timid HairstreakPanama to Guianas; TL: Brazil
Evenus satyroides (Hewitson, 1865)Satyr HairstreakColombia to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Evenus latreillii (Hewitson, 1865)Latreille's HairstreakParaguay & S Brazil; TL: Java
Atlides halesus halesus (Cramer, 1777)Great Blue HairstreakSE USA to New England; TL: USA (Va)
Atlides halesus corcorani Clench, 1942Great Blue HairstreakW OR, CA, SW USA, NW, NE & E Mexico; TL: USA (Ca)
Atlides halesus cynara (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Great Blue HairstreakC Mexico to Oaxaca; TL: Mexico (Oax)
Atlides gaumeri (Godman, 1901)White-tipped HairstreakE & W Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico (Yuc)
Atlides [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Atlides dahnersi Bálint, Constantino & K. Johnson, 2003Dahners' HairstreakW Colombia; TL: Colombia
Atlides polybe (Linnaeus, 1763)Black-veined HairstreakE & W Mexico to S Brazil & N Argentina; TL: [Indiis]
Atlides inachus (Cramer, 1775)Spying Hairstreak[= carpophora], SE Mexico to C Brazil; TL: West Indies
Atlides [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Atlides cosa (Hewitson, 1867)Cosa HairstreakS Brazil; TL: ?
Atlides misma D'Abrera, 1995Misma HairstreakC & S Brazil, Paraguay; TL: Brazil (Pr)
Atlides atys (Cramer, 1779)Atys Hairstreak[= scamander], Panama to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Atlides halljasoni Bálint, Kertész & Wojtusiak, 2006Jason Hall's HairstreakEcuador; TL: Ecuador
Atlides bacis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Bacis HairstreakBelize to Peru & C Brazil; TL: Panama
Atlides carpasia (Hewitson, 1868)Jeweled HairstreakE & W Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico
Atlides browni Constantino, Salazar & K. Johnson, 1993Brown's HairstreakColombia; TL: Colombia
Atlides rustan (Stoll, 1790)Rustan HairstreakSE Mexico to S Brazil; TL: China
Atlides polama (Schaus, 1902)Polama HairstreakC & S Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pr/RJ)
Atlides havila (Hewitson, 1865)Havila HairstreakColombia to Peru; TL: Colombia
Atlides zava (Hewitson, 1878)Zava HairstreakS Brazil; TL: ?
Atlides thargelia (Burmeister, 1878)Thargelia HairstreakBolivia to Argentina; TL: Argentina
Atlides [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Ba)
Arcas imperialis (Cramer, 1775)Imperial ArcasSE Mexico to Guianas, Bolivia, Argentina & S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Arcas ducalis (Westwood, 1852)Ducal ArcasS Brazil (ES to RS); TL: Brazil
Arcas cypria (Geyer, 1837)Mexican ArcasE & W Mexico to Colombia & Venezuela; TL: Mexico (Yuc)
Arcas gozmanyi (Bálint, 2006)Gozmány’s ArcasCosta Rica to W Colombia & W Ecuador; TL: Panama
Arcas splendor (H. Druce, 1907)Splendid ArcasAndean Region of Colombia and E Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Arcas alleluia Bálint, 2002Bare ArcasAndean Region of Peru ; TL: Peru
Arcas jivaro Nicolay, 1971Hidden ArcasE slope of the Andes in Ecuador to Bolivia ; TL: Ecuador
Arcas delphia Nicolay, 1971Nicolay's ArcasE slope of Costa Rica to W Colombia & W Ecuador; TL: Costa Rica
Arcas tuneta tuneta (Hewitson, 1865)Frosted ArcasE Colombia, E Ecuador, E Peru, Bolivia to W Brazil & Guianas; TL: [Brazil (Am)]
Arcas tuneta arcadia Bálint, 2002Frosted ArcasS Brazil; TL: Brazil (SC)
Pseudolycaena damo (H. Druce, 1875)Sky-blue HairstreakE & W Mexico to Colombia, W Ecuador & Venezuela; TL: Panama
Pseudolycaena marsyas (Linnaeus, 1758)Marsyas Hairstreak?Nicaragua and Trinidad-Tobago to S Brazil & Argentina; TL: In calidis regionibus
Pseudolycaena cybele (Godman & Salvin, 1896)St. Vincent HairstreakSt. Vincent; TL: St. Vincent
Theritas mavors Hübner, 1818Deep-green HairstreakSE Mexico to Guianas; TL: Surinam
Theritas triquetra (Hewitson, 1865) TL: Brazil
Theritas paupera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Theritas drucei (Lathy, 1926) TL: Brazil (SC)
Theritas harrietta (Weeks, 1901) TL: Bolivia
Theritas danaus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Venezuela
Theritas margaritacea (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Theritas [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Theritas adamsi (H. Druce, 1909) TL: Peru
Theritas anna (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Theritas hemon (Cramer, 1775)Pale-clubbed HairstreakSE Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Theritas phegeus (Hewitson, 1865) TL: Brazil (Ba); Amazon
Theritas augustula (W. F. Kirby, 1877)Augustula HairstreakNicaragua & Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Theritas arene (Goodson, 1945) TL: Peru
Theritas monica (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Venezuela
Theritas acontius (Goodson, 1945) TL: Colombia
Theritas chaluma (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (SC)
Theritas deniva (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Brazil
Theritas curitabaensis (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Theritas augustinula (Goodson, 1945)Augustinula HairstreakE & S Mexico to Panama; TL: not specified
Theritas theocritus (Fabricius, 1793)Pearly HairstreakE & S Mexico to Colombia; TL: Indiis
Theritas viresco (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Ma)
Theritas [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SC)
Theritas [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Theritas lisus (Stoll, 1790)Lisus Hairstreak[= hisbon], SE Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Theritas crines (H. Druce, 1907)Crines HairstreakPanama to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Johnsonita auda (Hewitson, 1867)Auda HairstreakPanama to Venezuela; TL: Colombia
Johnsonita [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita chlamydem (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Peru
Johnsonita pardoa (D'Abrera, 1995) TL: Colombia
Johnsonita [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Johnsonita [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Bolivia
Johnsonita catadupa (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Johnsonita johnsoni Salazar & Constantino, 1995 TL: Colombia
Johnsonita [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Johnsonita assula (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Brevianta busa (Godman & Salvin, 1887)White-scalloped HairstreakE & W Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Guatemala; Nicaragua; Costa Rica
Brevianta perpenna (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Perpenna HairstreakPanama; TL: Panama
Brevianta undulata (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Colombia
Brevianta undulella (Strand, 1918) TL: Colombia
Brevianta ematheon (Cramer, 1777) TL: Surinam
Brevianta bathoryon Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2011Bathory HairstreakColombia & Ecuador; TL: Ecuador
Brevianta magnifica Salazar & Constantino, 2010 TL: Colombia
Brevianta celelata (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Brazil
Brevianta tolmides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)White-frosted HairstreakNicaragua to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Brevianta hyas (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Hyas HairstreakC Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico; Guatemala; Costa Rica; Panama
Brevianta saphonota (Constantino, Salazar & K. Johnson, 1993) Colombia & Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Ianusanta ianusi Bálint, 2011 Peru; TL: Peru
Micandra platyptera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Platyptera HairstreakCosta Rica, Venezuela to Bolivia; TL: Venezuela
Micandra ion (H. Druce, 1890) TL: Colombia
Micandra extrema (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Micandra comae (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Micandra aegides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Micandra [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Peru
Micandra tongida Clench, 1971Tongida HairstreakC Mexico; TL: Mexico (Hid)
Micandra cyda (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Cyda Hairstreak[= furina], S Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Micandra dignota (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Micandra sylvana (Jörgensen, 1934) TL: Argentina
Rhamma commodus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Rhamma familiaris (K. Johnson, 1991) TL: Bolivia
Rhamma oxida (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Rhamma inexpectata K. Johnson, 1992 TL: Peru
Rhamma [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Ecuador
Rhamma tyrrius (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Ecuador
Rhamma amethystina (Hayward, 1949) TL: Argentina
Rhamma adriana (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Peru
Rhamma adunca (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Rhamma livida Torres & K. Johnson, 1997 TL: Colombia
Rhamma aurugo (Draudt, 1919) TL: Peru
Rhamma shapiroi (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Colombia
Rhamma mishma (Hewitson, 1878) TL: Colombia
Rhamma comstocki K. Johnson, 1992 TL: Colombia
Rhamma hybla (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Ecuador
Rhamma catamarca K. Johnson, 1992 TL: Argentina
Rhamma arria (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Rhamma nigrasarotina K. Johnson, 1992 TL: Peru
Rhamma tarma K. Johnson, 1992 TL: Peru
Rhamma confusa (Jörgensen, 1934) TL: Argentina
Rhamma lapazensis (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Bolivia
Rhamma brunea (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Argentina
Rhamma coquimbiensis (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Chile
Rhamma bilix (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Rhamma anosma (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Rhamma magenta K. Johnson, 1992 TL: Peru
Rhamma tolimensis (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Colombia
Phothecla photismos (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Ecuador
Phothecla margarita (Draudt, 1920) TL: Bolivia
Phothecla thespia (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Salazaria sala (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Colombia
Salazaria elizabetha (Salazar, Vélez & K. Johnson, 1997) TL: Colombia
Salazaria [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Salazaria [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Salazaria [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Salazaria [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Salazaria [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Timaeta timaeus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Timaeta christina Robbins & R. Busby, 2008 TL: Peru
Timaeta molinopampa (Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2000) TL: Peru
Timaeta werneri (Salazar, Vélez, Cardona & K. Johnson, 1997) TL: Colombia
Timaeta matthewi R. Busby & Robbins , 2008 TL: Ecuador
Timaeta walteri R. Busby & Robbins , 2008 TL: Ecuador
Timaeta trochus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Timaeta roberti R. Busby & Robbins , 2008 TL: Ecuador
Timaeta aepea (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Ecuador
Timaeta cospata Robbins & R. Busby, 2008 TL: Peru
Timaeta eronos (H. Druce, 1890) TL: Colombia
Timaeta pilosa Robbins & R. Busby, 2008 TL: Ecuador
Timaeta gabriela R. Busby & Robbins , 2008 TL: Ecuador
Timaeta romero Robbins & R. Busby, 2008 TL: Venezuela
Timaeta balzabamba (Goodson, 1945) TL: Venezuela; Ecuador
Temecla tema (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Temecla paron (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Paron HairstreakE Mexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Temecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Temecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Bolivia
Temecla [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Temecla heraclides (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Heraclides HairstreakS Mexico (CHIS) to ...; TL: Costa Rica
Temecla sergius (Godman & Salvin, 1887) TL: Venezuela
Temecla bennetti (Dyar, 1913) TL: Peru
Temecla peona (Hewitson, 1874) TL: ?
Ipidecla miadora Dyar, 1916West-Mexican IpideclaW Mexico (SIN to GRO); TL: Mexico (Gue)
Ipidecla schausi (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Schaus’ IpideclaE Mexico to Paraguay; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Ipidecla crepundia (H. Druce, 1909)Whitened IpideclaPeru to Trinidad; TL: Peru
Penaincisalia loxurina (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia alcacera (Bálint, Attal, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2004) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia santamarta (Bálint & Wojtusaik, 2004) TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia chachapoya (Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2003)Chachapoya PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia tegulina (Bálint & Boyer, 2008)Tegulina PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia atymna (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia felizitas Bálint, 2004Felizitas PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia sigsiga (Bálint, Le Crom & Wojtusaik, 2004)Sigsig PenelfinTL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia cillutincarae (Draudt, 1919) TL: Bolivia
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia browni (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia regala (Le Crom & K. Johnson, 1997) TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia elisabeth Prieto, 2010Elisabeth's PenelfinTL: Colombia
Penaincisalia saraha (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia vittata (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia cuiva Prieto & Rodriguez, 2007Cuiva PenelfinTL: Colombia
Penaincisalia magnifica (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia purpurea (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Peru
Penaincisalia amazona (Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2003) TL: Peru
Penaincisalia caeruleanota J. Hall & Willmott, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia amatamba Prieto, Boyer, Le Crom & Bálint, 2007Cuiva PenelfinTL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia balzapamba (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia ismaeli R. Busby & J. Hall, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia dominiquae (Bálint, Boyer & Prieto, 2007)Dominique's PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia duviolsi (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)Duviols' PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia oxapampa (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)Oxapampa PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia molipampa (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)Molinopampa PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia falcatamba (Bálint, Boyer & Wojtusaik, 2006)Sicklemargined PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia swarthea (Le Crom & K. Johnson, 1997) TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia bimediana K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia cyanomediana (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia contraloxurina (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia amatista (Dognin, 1895) TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia albalineata (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Argentina
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia penai K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia downeyi K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Colombia
Penaincisalia rawlinsi K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Peru
Penaincisalia culminicola (Staudinger, 1894) TL: Bolivia
Penaincisalia biophot Bálint & Wojtusaik, 2008Biophot PenelfinTL: Peru
Penaincisalia caudata K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Peru
Penaincisalia alatus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#7] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#8] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#9] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#10] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#11] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#12] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Bolivia
Penaincisalia aurulenta K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Peru
Penaincisalia perezi Bálint, 2001 TL: Peru
Penaincisalia descimoni K. Johnson, 1990 TL: Peru
Penaincisalia lamasi Bálint, 2001 TL: Peru
Penaincisalia [n. sp.#13] Lamas & Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Penaincisalia juliae J. Hall & Willmott, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia andreae R. Busby & J. Hall, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Penaincisalia libertada J. Hall, 2005 TL: Peru
Lathecla mitzi Robbins, MSMitzi's HairstreakS Brazil (Rio de Janeiro and Paraná); TL: Brazil (Pr)
Lathecla latagus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Latagus HairstreakSE Mexico to W Ecuador; TL: Panama
Lathecla mimula (Draudt, 1920)Mimula Hairstreaklowland forest of South America; TL: Peru
Lathecla fernandezi Robbins & Busby, 2015Fernandez's HairstreakVenezuela & Ecuador; TL: Ecuador
Lathecla vichai Robbins & Busby, 2015Vichai's HairstreakGuatemala to Panama; TL: Panama
Lathecla carolyna Busby, 2015Carolyn's HairstreakEcuador; TL: Ecuador
Lathecla winnie Robbins & Busby, 2015Winnie's HairstreakCosta Rica (maybe Panama); TL: Costa Rica
Podanotum metallicus Torres & K. Johnson, 1996Metallic PodelfinTL: Colombia
Podanotum clarissimus J. Hall, Willmott & K. Johnson, 1996Bright PodelfinTL: Ecuador
Podanotum melanissimum Bálint & Wojtusaik, 2006Melanic PodelfinTL: Ecuador
Podanotum glorissimum Bálint & Wojtusiak, 2002Glorious PodelfinTL: Peru
Podanotum andrewneildi Bálint, 2001Andrew Neild's PodelfinTL: Venezuela
Podanotum paramosa (Constantino & Salazar, 1998)Paramosa PodelfinTL: Colombia
Podanotum vanewrighti (K. Johnson & Adams, 1993)Vane-Wrighti's PodelfinTL: Colombia
Podanotum aquaphilum Bálint & Attal, 2007Hydropilic PodelfinTL: Ecuador
Podanotum magnificum Bálint & Attal, 2007Magnificent PodelfinTL: Ecuador
Podanotum [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Podanotum [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Podanotum salaeides (Draudt, 1919)Salaeides PodelfinTL: Colombia
Busbiina bosora (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Thereus cithonius (Godart, [1824])Pale-lobed HairstreakE & W Mexico to Argentina; TL: French Guiana
Thereus wojtusiaki Bálint, 2006 TL: Ecuador
Thereus gabathana (Strand, 1918) TL: Colombia
Thereus molena (E. Jones, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Thereus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Ba)
Thereus guianivaga (K. Johnson, 1989) TL: Venezuela
Thereus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Guatemala
Thereus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Thereus lutzi (Huntington, 1932)Lutz's HairstreakPanama; TL: Panama
Thereus caltha (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Thereus enenia (Hewitson, 1867)Enenia HairstreakGuianas to C Brazil; TL: ?
Thereus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS Nicaragua to Panama; TL: Panama
Thereus oppia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Oppia HairstreakMexico to Nicaragua; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Thereus [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Thereus orasus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Crimson-spot HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Thereus ortalus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Ortalus HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Thereus [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Thereus praxis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Praxis HairstreakCosta Rica to N Brazil; TL: Panama; Colombia
Thereus pedusa (Hewitson, 1867)Pedusa HairstreakPanama to Amazonas; TL: Brazil
Thereus lausus (Cramer, 1779)Lausus HairstreakS Mexico (CHIS) to Guianas, Amazonas; TL: Surinam
Thereus timoclea (Hewitson, 1870)Timoclea HairstreakPanama to Ecuador; TL: Ecuador
Thereus ismarus (Cramer, 1777) TL: Surinam
Thereus phalanthus (Stoll, 1780) TL: Surinam
Thereus genena (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Thereus tiasa (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Brazil
Thereus [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Am)
Thereus endera (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Am)
Thereus columbicola (Strand, 1916) TL: Colombia
Thereus eryssus (Herbst, 1800) TL: Surinam
Thereus illex (Schaus, 1902) TL: Colombia
Thereus [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Thereus pseudarcula (Giacomelli, 1914) TL: Argentina
Rekoa meton (Cramer, 1779)Meton HairstreakE & W Mexico to Bolivia, Paraguay, S Brazil, Venezuela to Guianas, Trinidad; TL: Surinam
Rekoa malina (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Rekoa palegon (Cramer, 1780)Gold-bordered HairstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to N Argentina, Venezuela to Guianas, Trinidad, Tobago; TL: Sierra Leone
Rekoa zebina (Hewitson, 1869)Zebina HairstreakE & W Mexico to NW Costa Rica; TL: Nicaragua
Rekoa bourkei (Kaye, [1925])Jamaican HairstreakJamaica; TL: Trinidad
Rekoa abeja (K. Johnson & Matusik, 1988)Hispaniolan HairstreakHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Rekoa marius (Lucas, 1857)Marius HairstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to Bolivia, Paraguay, SE Brazil, Venezuela, Trinidad; TL: Cuba
Rekoa stagira (Hewitson, 1867)Smudged HairstreakE & W Mexico to Paraguay, SE Brazil, Guianas, Trinidad, Venezuela; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Arawacus togarna (Hewitson, 1867)Togarna HairstreakSE Mexico to Amazonas; TL: [Mexico]
Arawacus lincoides (Draudt, 1917) TL: [Colombia]
Arawacus aetolus (Sulzer, 1776) TL: Cape of Good Hope
Arawacus separata (Lathy, 1926) TL: Peru
Arawacus aethesa (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Ba)
Arawacus sito (Boisduval, 1836)Fine-lined HairstreakE & W Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Arawacus leucogyna (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Leucogyna HairstreakBelize to Venezuela & Peru; TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Arawacus meliboeus (Fabricius, 1793) TL: India
Arawacus jada (Hewitson, 1867)Creamy HairstreakS AZ (as vagrant), E & W Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Arawacus ellida (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Venezuela
Arawacus hypocrita (Schaus, 1913)Pallid HairstreakE & S Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica; Mexico (Ver)
Arawacus dolylas (Cramer, 1777)Dolylas HairstreakPanama to Surinam & S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Arawacus dumenilii (Godart, [1824])Dumenil's HairstreakHonduras, Panama to Guianas, Trinidad; TL: Antilles?
Arawacus euptychia (Draudt, 1920) TL: Brazil
Arawacus tadita (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil
Arawacus binangula (Schaus, 1902) TL: Peru
Arawacus tarania (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (MG)
Contrafacia bassania (Hewitson, 1868)White-etched HairstreakMexico to Colombia; TL: Mexico
Contrafacia marmoris (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Contrafacia ahola (Hewitson, 1867)Half-Blue HairstreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Mexico; Colombia
Contrafacia imma (Prittwitz, 1865)Imma HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Contrafacia francis (Weeks, 1901) TL: Bolivia
Contrafacia muattina (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Contrafacia catharina (Draudt, 1920) TL: Brazil (SC)
Contrafacia [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Peru
Kolana ligurina (Hewitson, 1874)Ligurina HairstreakE & W Mexico to Brazil; TL: Nicaragua
Kolana [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Brazil (SC)
Kolana buccina (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT/Pa)
Kolana lyde (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Lyde HairstreakE & W Mexico to Venezuela; TL: Guatemala; Panama
Kolana ergina (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Jamaica
Kolana chlamys (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Paraguay
Satyrium fuliginosa fuliginosa (W. H. Edwards, 1861)Western Sooty HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium fuliginosa tildeni Mattoon & Austin, 1998Western Sooty HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium fuliginosa albolineatum Mattoon & Austin, 1998Western Sooty HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium fuliginosa (E Klamath drainage segregate)Western Sooty HairstreakCSNM, Jackson Co., OR, to vic Weed, Siskiyou Co. CA
Satyrium semiluna semiluna Klots, 1930Sagebrush Sooty HairstreakTL: USA (Wy)
Satyrium semiluna maculadistinctum Mattoon & Austin, 1998Sagebrush Sooty HairstreakTL: USA (Nv)
Satyrium semiluna (Columbia Basin segregate)Sagebrush Sooty HairstreakColumbia Basin, S BC to N OR
Satyrium semiluna (Pine Mtn. segregate)Sagebrush Sooty HairstreakPine Mountain, Deschutes Co., OR; similar in Ochocos
Satyrium semiluna (C OR Cascades segregate)Sagebrush Sooty HairstreakCascades of C OR (e.g., Three Creeks Meadow, Deschutes Co.)
Satyrium semiluna (Mt. Hood segregate)Sagebrush Sooty HairstreakMt. Hood, Clackamas / Hood River Cos., OR
Satyrium behrii behrii (W. H. Edwards, 1870)Behr's HairstreakS CA, N through Sierra Nevada & Cascades to C WA; TL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium behrii columbia (McDunnough, 1944)Behr's Hairstreak[often considered a synonym of S. b. behrii], Chelan Co. WA, northward; TL: Canada (BC)
Satyrium behrii (northern intermontane segregate)Behr's HairstreakNE OR, S ID, NE WY, N UT, NW CO
Satyrium behrii (southern intermontane segregate)Behr's HairstreakSE NV to C UT, S to C AZ
Satyrium behrii crossi (W. D. Field, 1938)Behr's HairstreakSE WY, E & S CO, N NM, far SE UT, far NE AZ; TL: USA (Co)
Satyrium acadica acadica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)Acadian HairstreakTL: Canada (On)
Satyrium acadica montanensis (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)Acadian HairstreakTL: USA (Mt)
Satyrium californica californica (W. H. Edwards, 1862)California HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium californica cygnus (W. H. Edwards, 1871)California HairstreakTL: USA (Nv)
Satyrium californica obscurafacies Austin, 1998California Hairstreak[= brashor], SE BC to NE NV; TL: USA (Nv)
Satyrium californica wapiti M. Fisher, 2006California HairstreakTL: USA (Co)
Satyrium californica (CO-WY Front Range segregate)California HairstreakFront Range of CO & SE WY
Satyrium sylvinus sylvinus (Boisduval, 1852)Sylvan HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium sylvinus nootka M. Fisher, 1998Sylvan HairstreakTL: Canada (BC)
Satyrium sylvinus putnami (H. Edwards, 1877)Sylvan HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Satyrium sylvinus megapallidum Austin, 1998Sylvan HairstreakTL: USA (Nv)
Satyrium sylvinus (C Columbia Basin segregate)Sylvan HairstreakC Columbia Basin, WA
Satyrium sylvinus itys (W. H. Edwards, 1882)Sylvan HairstreakTL: USA (Az)
Satyrium sylvinus desertorum (F. Grinnell, 1917)Sylvan HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium sylvinus dryope (W. H. Edwards, 1870)Sylvan HairstreakTL: USA ([Ca])
Satyrium titus titus (Fabricius, 1793)Coral HairstreakTL: USA (Ga)
Satyrium titus winteri (Gatrelle, 2004)Coral HairstreakTL: USA (Ma)
Satyrium titus campus (Gatrelle, 2004)Coral HairstreakTL: USA (Ia)
Satyrium titus watsoni (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)Coral HairstreakTL: USA (Tx)
Satyrium titus immaculosus (W. Comstock, 1913)Coral HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Satyrium titus carrizozo R. Holland, 2010 TL: USA (NM)
Satyrium titus occidentalis (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)Coral HairstreakTL: USA (Nv)
Satyrium edwardsii edwardsii (Grote & Robinson, 1867)Edwards' HairstreakTL: Canada (On)
Satyrium edwardsii meridionale Gatrelle, 2001Edwards' HairstreakTL: USA (SC)
Satyrium calanus calanus (Hübner, [1809])Banded HairstreakTL: ?
Satyrium calanus falacer (Godart, [1824])Banded HairstreakTL: USA (Pa)
Satyrium calanus godarti (W. D. Field, 1938)Banded HairstreakTL: USA (Co)
Satyrium calanus albidus Scott, 1981Banded HairstreakTL: USA (Co)
Satyrium caryaevorus (McDunnough, 1942)Hickory HairstreakTL: Canada (On)
Satyrium kingi (Klots & Clench, 1952)King's HairstreakTL: USA (Ga)
Satyrium liparops floridensis Gatrelle, 2001Striped HairstreakTL: USA (Fl)
Satyrium liparops liparops (Le Conte, 1833)Striped HairstreakTL: USA (Ga)
Satyrium liparops strigosa (T. Harris, 1862)Striped HairstreakTL: USA (Ma)
Satyrium liparops fletcheri (Michener & dos Passos, 1942)Striped HairstreakTL: Canada (Mb)
Satyrium liparops aliparops (Michener & dos Passos, 1942)Striped HairstreakTL: USA (Co)
Satyrium auretorum auretorum (Boisduval, 1852)Gold-hunter’s HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium auretorum spadix (H. Edwards, 1881)Gold-hunter’s HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium auretorum fumosum J. Emmel & Mattoni, 1990Gold-hunter’s HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium tetra (Northern segregate)Mountain Mahogany HairstreakSE Oregon, NE CA, N W NV
Satyrium tetra tetra (W. H. Edwards, 1870)Mountain Mahogany HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium saepium (Boisduval, 1852)Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium fulvescens (H. Edwards, 1877) TL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium chalcis (W. H. Edwards, 1869)Hedgerow Hairstreak[= fulvescens]; TL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium rubrotenebrosum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium caliginosum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium chlorophora (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium subaridum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Satyrium saepium obscurofuscum Austin, 1998Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Nv)
Satyrium saepium latalinea Austin & Savage, 1998Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Satyrium saepium provo (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)Hedgerow HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Satyrium favonius ontario (W. H. Edwards, 1868)Oak HairstreakTL: Canada (On)
Satyrium favonius autolycus (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Oak HairstreakTL: USA (Tx)
Satyrium favonius violae (D. Stallings & J. Turner, 1947)Oak HairstreakTL: USA (NM)
Satyrium favonius favonius (J. E. Smith, 1797)Oak HairstreakTL: USA (Ga)
Satyrium ilavia (Beutenmüller, 1899)Ilavia HairstreakTL: USA (Tx)
Satyrium polingi organensis (Ferris, 1980)Poling’s HairstreakTL: USA (NM)
Satyrium polingi polingi (W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1926)Poling’s HairstreakTL: USA (Tx)
Phaeostrymon alcestis alcestis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Soapberry HairstreakTL: USA (Tx)
Phaeostrymon alcestis oslari (Dyar, 1904)Soapberry HairstreakTL: USA (Az)
Ocaria clenchi (K. Johnson, 1992)Clench's HairstreakMexico, El Salvador; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Ocaria [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Ocaria aholiba (Hewitson, 1867)Colombian HairstreakCosta Rica to Venezuela; TL: Colombia
Ocaria [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SP)
Ocaria clepsydra (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Ocaria arpoxais (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Blue-spotted HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Panama
Ocaria cinerea (Lathy, 1936) TL: Brazil (RS)
Ocaria [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Guyana
Ocaria sadiei (Weeks, 1901) TL: Bolivia
Ocaria petelina (Hewitson, 1877)Petelina HairstreakSE Mexico to Panama; TL: Panama
Ocaria elvira (K. Johnson, 1992) TL: Peru
Ocaria calesia (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Ocaria elongata (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Ocaria thales (Fabricius, 1793)Thales BlackstreakMexico to S Brazil and Argentina; TL: Indiis
Ocaria arcula (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Argentina
Ocaria ocrisia (Hewitson, 1868)Black HairstreakMexico to S Brazil and Argentina; TL: Ecuador
Chlorostrymon simaethis sarita (Skinner, 1895)Silver-banded HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: USA (Tx)
Chlorostrymon simaethis simaethis (Drury, 1773)Silver-banded HairstreakS Florida, (most) Greater & Lesser Antilles, S Am. to Argentina; TL: St. Kitts
Chlorostrymon simaethis rosario Nicolay, 1980 TL: Ecuador
Chlorostrymon simaethis jago (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Silver-banded HairstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Chlorostrymon kuscheli (Ureta, 1949) TL: Chile
Chlorostrymon maesites (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)Amethyst HairstreakS Florida, Greater & (most) Lesser Antilles; TL: Cuba
Chlorostrymon clenchi (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Dominican HairstreakDominica; TL: Dominica
Chlorostrymon telea (Hewitson, 1868)Telea HairstreakS TX (stray) to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Chlorostrymon orbis K. Johnson & D. Smith, 1993Orbis HairstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Magnastigma hirsuta (Prittwitz, 1865)Hirsuta HairstreakCosta Rica to Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Magnastigma julia Nicolay, 1977 TL: Brazil (DF)
Magnastigma elsa (Hewitson, 1877)Elsa HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Panama
Cyanophrys goodsoni (Clench, 1946)Goodson’s GreenstreakS TX to Costa Rica; TL: Honduras
Cyanophrys argentinensis (Clench, 1946) TL: Argentina
Cyanophrys bertha (E. Jones, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Cyanophrys acaste (Prittwitz, 1865) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Cyanophrys amyntor (Cramer, 1775)Amyntor GreenstreakS Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Surinam
Cyanophrys fusius (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Brown GreenstreakE & W Mexico to Colombia; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Cyanophrys herodotus (Fabricius, 1793)Tropical GreenstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to Argentina; TL: Indiis
Cyanophrys miserabilis (Clench, 1946)Clench’s GreenstreakS TX to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Cyanophrys velezi K. Johnson & Kruse, 1997 TL: Colombia
Cyanophrys crethona (Hewitson, 1874)Jamaican GreenstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Cyanophrys hartii T. Turner & J. Miller, 1992Dallas Mountain GreenstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Cyanophrys roraimiensis K. Johnson & D. Smith, 1993 TL: Brazil (Rr)
Cyanophrys longula (Hewitson, 1868)Mountain GreenstreakE & W Mexico to Venezuela; one possible record for SE AZ; TL: Mexico
Cyanophrys pseudolongula (Clench, 1944) TL: Ecuador
Cyanophrys agricolor (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Stained GreenstreakE & W Mexico to Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Cyanophrys banosensis (Clench, 1944) TL: Ecuador
Cyanophrys remus (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Callophrys affinis washingtonia Clench, 1944Western Green HairstreakTL: USA (Wa)
Callophrys affinis affinis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)Western Green HairstreakTL: USA (Wy)
Callophrys affinis homoperplexa W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1923Western Green HairstreakTL: USA (Co)
Callophrys affinis albipalpus Gorelick, 2005Western Green HairstreakTL: USA (NM)
Callophrys affinis apama (W. H. Edwards, 1882)Western Green HairstreakTL: USA (Az)
Callophrys affinis chapmani Gorelick, 2005Western Green HairstreakSonora & Durango; TL: Mexico (Son)
Callophrys dumetorum oregonensis Gorelick, [1969]Lotus HairstreakTL: USA (Wa)
Callophrys dumetorum dumetorum (Boisduval, 1852)Lotus Hairstreak= perplexa; TL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys dumetorum superperplexa J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Lotus Hairstreak[possibly conspecific with C. sheridanii]; TL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys viridis (W. H. Edwards, 1862)Coastal' Green Hairstreak[possibly conspecific with C. sheridanii]; TL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys sheridanii pseudodumetorum J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Sheridan's Hairstreak[= nr. dumetorum of Warren '05], W OR, NW CA Siskiyous low elev.; TL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys sheridanii newcomeri Clench, 1963Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (Wa)
Callophrys sheridanii lemberti Tilden, 1963Sheridan's HairstreakTL: not specified
Callophrys sheridanii interrupta Austin, 1998Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (Nv)
Callophrys sheridanii comstocki Henne, 1940'Desert' Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys sheridanii paradoxa Scott, 1986Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Callophrys sheridanii neoperplexa W. Barnes & Benjamin, 1923Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Callophrys sheridanii (W CO montane segregate)Sheridan's Hairstreak
Callophrys sheridanii sheridanii (W. H. Edwards, 1877)Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (Wy)
Callophrys sheridanii sacramento Scott, 2006Sheridan's HairstreakTL: USA (NM)
Callophrys gryneus sweadneri (F. Chermock, 1945)'Sweadner's' Juniper HairstreakTL: USA (Fl)
Callophrys gryneus smilacis (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])Juniper HairstreakTL: USA (Ga)
Callophrys gryneus gryneus (Hübner, [1819])Juniper HairstreakTL: USA (Va)
Callophrys gryneus castalis (W. H. Edwards, 1871)'Texas' Juniper HairstreakTL: USA (Tx)
Callophrys gryneus (SE Coahuila segregate)'Coahuila' Juniper HairstreakSE Coahuila
Callophrys gryneus siva (W. H. Edwards, 1874)'Siva' Juniper Hairstreak[= clenchi, turkingtoni]; TL: USA (NM)
Callophrys gryneus chalcosiva Clench, 1981Juniper HairstreakTL: USA (Ut)
Callophrys gryneus (Columbia Basin segregate)Juniper Hairstreak[nr. chalcosiva]
Callophrys gryneus (S Sierra Nevada on Juniperus segregate)Juniper HairstreakS Sierra Nevada (Tulare Co.); on Juniperus; formerly barryi; similar in SB Mts
Callophrys gryneus (Guadalupe Island segregate)'Guadalupe Island' Juniper Hairstreaknelsoni
Callophrys gryneus nelsoni (Boisduval, 1869)'Nelson's' Cedar HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys gryneus plicataria K. Johnson, 1976Cedar HairstreakTL: Canada
Callophrys gryneus rosneri K. Johnson, 1976Cedar HairstreakTL: Canada
Callophrys gryneus byrnei K. Johnson, 1976Cedar HairstreakTL: USA (Id)
Callophrys gryneus juniperaria (J. A. Comstock, 1925)Cedar HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys gryneus mansfieldi (Tilden, 1951)'Mansfield's' Juniper HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys loki loki (Skinner, 1907)Loki HairstreakBaja California Norte; TL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys loki thornei (J. Brown, 1983)Thorne's HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys loki cedrosensis (J. Brown & Faulkner, 1989)Cedar Island' Juniper HairstreakTL: Mexico (BCN)
Callophrys muiri (H. Edwards, 1881)Muir's HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys hesseli hesseli (Rawson & Ziegler, 1950)Hessel's HairstreakTL: USA (NJ)
Callophrys hesseli angulata (Gatrelle, 2001)Hessel's HairstreakTL: USA (SC)
Callophrys xami xami (Reakirt, [1867])Xami HairstreakS AZ, W & C Mexico to Oaxaca; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Callophrys xami texami Clench, 1981Xami HairstreakS TX, far NE Mexico; TL: USA (Tx)
Callophrys scaphia Clench, 1981Chiapas HairstreakChiapas and Guatemala; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Callophrys mcfarlandi P. Ehrlich & Clench, 1960Sandia HairstreakTL: USA (NM)
Callophrys dospassosi dospassosi Clench, 1981Dos Passos' HairstreakE Mexico; TL: Mexico (Hid)
Callophrys dospassosi searsi Clench, 1981Dos Passos' HairstreakW Mexico; TL: Mexico (Chih)
Callophrys estela Clench, 1981Estela HairstreakTL: Mexico (Dur)
Callophrys spinetorum spinetorum (Hewitson, 1867)Thicket HairstreakTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys spinetorum millerorum Clench, 1981Thicket HairstreakTL: Mexico (Hid)
Callophrys johnsoni (Skinner, 1904)Johnson's HairstreakTL: Canada (BC)
Callophrys guatemalena Clench, 1981Guatemalan HairstreakTL: Guatemala
Callophrys augustinus croesioides (Scudder, 1876)Brown ElfinTL: Canada
Callophrys augustinus helenae (dos Passos, 1943)Brown ElfinTL: Canada
Callophrys augustinus augustinus (Westwood, 1852)Brown ElfinTL: Canada
Callophrys augustinus concava (Austin, 1998)Brown ElfinTL: USA (Nv)
Callophrys augustinus iroides (Boisduval, 1852)Brown ElfinBaja California Norte; TL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys augustinus annetteae (dos Passos, 1943)Brown Elfinfar NW Mexico; TL: USA (NM)
Callophrys fotis fotis (Strecker, [1878])Desert ElfinTL: USA (Az)
Callophrys fotis mojavensis (Austin, 1998)Desert ElfinTL: USA (Nv)
Callophrys mossii schryveri (Cross, 1937)Moss' ElfinTL: USA (Co)
Callophrys mossii (NE Cascadian segregate)Moss' ElfinNE Cascades (N OR, WA), E slope
Callophrys mossii mossii (H. Edwards, 1881)Moss' ElfinTL: not specified
Callophrys mossii (W Oregon segregate)Moss' Elfin[nr. mossii]
Callophrys mossii marinensis (J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998)Moss' ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys mossii bayensis R. Brown, 1969Moss' ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys mossii doudoroffi (dos Passos, 1940)Moss' ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys mossii hidakupa (J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998)Moss' ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys mossii windi (Clench, 1943)Moss' ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys mossii (Siskiyou segregate)Moss' ElfinSiskiyou Mts., SW OR, Mts.of NW CA
Callophrys mossii (Mt. Diablo segregate)Moss' ElfinMt. Diablo & vic., Contra Costa Co., CA
Callophrys polios polios (Cook & F. Watson, 1907)Hoary ElfinTL: USA (NJ)
Callophrys polios obscurus (Ferris & M. Fisher, 1973)Hoary ElfinTL: USA (Co)
Callophrys polios (NW montane segregate)Hoary Elfin
Callophrys polios (Puget Trough segregate)Hoary ElfinPuget Trough, NW Washington
Callophrys polios (C Oregon coastal segregate)Hoary ElfinC Oregon coast (Lincoln Co.)
Callophrys polios maritima (J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998)Hoary ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys irus irus (Godart, [1824])Frosted ElfinTL: USA (NJ)
Callophrys irus arsace (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])Frosted ElfinTL: not specified
Callophrys irus hadros (Cook & F. Watson, 1909)Frosted ElfinTL: USA (Tx)
Callophrys henrici henrici (Grote & Robinson, 1867)Henry's ElfinTL: USA (Pa)
Callophrys henrici viridissima (Pavulaan, 1998)Henry's ElfinTL: USA (NC)
Callophrys henrici yahwehus Gatrelle, 1999Henry's ElfinTL: USA (SC)
Callophrys henrici margaretae (dos Passos, 1943)Henry's ElfinTL: USA (Fl)
Callophrys henrici turneri (Clench, 1943)Henry's ElfinTL: USA (Ks)
Callophrys henrici solatus (Cook & F. Watson, 1909)Henry's ElfinTL: USA (Tx)
Callophrys lanoraieensis (Sheppard, 1934)Bog ElfinTL: not specified
Callophrys niphon niphon (Hübner, [1819])Eastern Pine ElfinTL: USA (Fl)
Callophrys niphon clarki (T. Freeman, 1938)Eastern Pine ElfinTL: not specified
Callophrys eryphon (northeastern segregate)Western Pine Elfin
Callophrys eryphon purpurascens (Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)Western Pine ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys eryphon sheltonensis (F. Chermock & Frechin, [1949])Western Pine ElfinTL: USA (Wa)
Callophrys eryphon eryphon (Boisduval, 1852)Western Pine ElfinTL: USA (Ca)
Callophrys eryphon pallescens (Austin, 1998)Western Pine ElfinTL: USA (Nv)
Callophrys eryphon fusca (Austin, 1998)Western Pine ElfinTL: USA (Az)
Bistonina erema (Hewitson, 1867)Erema HairstreakGuatemala, Panama; TL: Guatemala
Bistonina biston (Möschler, 1877) TL: Surinam
Bistonina bactriana (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Bistonina [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Bistonina feretria (Hewitson, 1878) TL: ?
Bistonina [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Bistonina [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Bistonina mantica (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Bistonina olbia (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Megathecla gigantea (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Cupathecla cupentus (Stoll, 1781)Cupentus HairstreakSE Mexico to Guianas, N Brazil; TL: Surinam
Thestius pholeus (Cramer, 1777)Dotted ThestiusVenezuela to N Brazil; TL: Surinam
Thestius selina (Hewitson, 1869)Brazilian ThestiusBrazil; TL: Brazil ([Pa])
Thestius meridionalis (Draudt, 1920)Common ThestiusColombia to Venezuela and Bolivia ; TL: Brazil; Colombia
Thestius epopea (Hewitson, 1870)Epopea HairstreakNicaragua to Peru; TL: Ecuador
Thestius [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Thestius [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Thestius azaria (Hewitson, 1867)Azaria HairstreakS Brazil; TL: ?
Thestius [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Thestius lycabas (Cramer, 1777)Lycabas HairstreakPeru to Brazil; TL: Surinam
Thestius [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Allosmaitia coelebs (Herrich-Schäffer, 1862)Cuban HairstreakCuba; TL: Cuba
Allosmaitia fidena (Hewitson, 1867)Fidena HairstreakHispaniola and Puerto Rico; TL: ?
Allosmaitia piplea (Godman & Salvin, 1896)Piplea HairstreakS Lesser Antilles (St. Vincent, Grenada, St. Lucia, Dominica); TL: St. Vincent
Allosmaitia strophius (Godart, [1824])Strophius HairstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Allosmaitia myrtusa (Hewitson, 1867)Myrtusa HairstreakPanama to Bolivia; TL: Brazil
Laothus gibberosa (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Colombia
Laothus numen (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Laothus phydela (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Laothus erybathis (Hewitson, 1867)Erybathis HairstreakE & W Mexico to Colombia; TL: Mexico
Laothus oceia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Oceia Hairstreak[=laothoe], SE Mexico to Colombia; TL: Costa Rica
Laothus viridicans (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Venezuela
Laothus barajo (Reakirt, [1867])Barajo HairstreakSE Mexico to Panama; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Laothus cockaynei (Goodson, 1945) TL: Venezuela
Janthecla rocena (Hewitson, 1867)Rocena HairstreakMX to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Janthecla adrienne Robbins, 2009 TL: Peru
Janthecla malvina (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Janthecla janthodonia (Dyar, 1918)Janthodonia HairstreakS MX, Guatemala, Belize; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Janthecla cydonia (H. Druce, 1890)Cydonia HairstreakCosta Rica to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Janthecla leea Venables & Robbins, 1991 TL: Peru
Janthecla armilla (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Janthecla halli R. Busby & Robbins, 2009 TL: Ecuador
Janthecla janthina (Hewitson, 1867)Janthina HairstreakMX to Venezuela; TL: Guatemala
Janthecla sista (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Janthecla aurora (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (ES/RS)
Janthecla flosculus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (ES)
Lamprospilus genius Geyer, 1832 TL: West Indies
Lamprospilus japola (E. Jones, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Lamprospilus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Guyana
Lamprospilus decorata Lathy, 1926 TL: Peru
Lamprospilus nicetus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Venezuela
Lamprospilus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Lamprospilus draudti Lathy, 1932 TL: Colombia
Lamprospilus occidentalis K. Johnson & Salazar, 2004 TL: Colombia
Lamprospilus collucia (Hewitson, 1877)Two-toned GroundstreakMexico to Ecuador; TL: ?
Lamprospilus orcidia (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Brazil
Lamprospilus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Lamprospilus aunus (Cramer, 1775) TL: Aruba
Lamprospilus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Lamprospilus coelicolor (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Central American GroundstreakMexico to Bolivia; TL: Costa Rica
Badecla badaca (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Badecla picentia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Badecla quadramacula (Austin & K. Johnson, 1997) TL: Brazil (Rd)
Badecla lanckena (Schaus, 1902) TL: Peru
Badecla argentinensis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993) TL: Argentina
Badecla clarissa (Draudt, 1920) TL: Brazil (SP)
Arzecla arza (Hewitson, 1874)Single-banded GroundstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Nicaragua
Arzecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arzecla tarpa (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Double-banded GroundstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Arzecla canacha (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Venezuela
Arzecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arzecla calatia (Hewitson, 1873)Nicaraguan GroundstreakMexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua; TL: Nicaragua
Arzecla tucumanensis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993) TL: Argentina
Arzecla sethon (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Large GroundstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Arzecla nubilum (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Arzecla paralus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Paralus GroundstreakGuatemala to Venezuela; TL: Guatemala; Costa Rica
Arzecla taminella (Schaus, 1902)Taminella GroundstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pr)
Arzecla albolineata (Lathy, 1936) TL: Colombia
Arumecla aruma (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (ES)
Arumecla galliena (Hewitson, 1877)Red-based GroundstreakMexico to Ecuador; TL: Nicaragua
Arumecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Arumecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arumecla nisaee (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Nisaee GroundstreakCosta Rica, Panama; TL: Panama; Colombia
Arumecla [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Arumecla [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arumecla [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arumecla [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Arumecla [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Arumecla [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arumecla [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Arumecla [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Arumecla [n. sp.#11] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Arumecla [n. sp.#12] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Arumecla netesca (Draudt, 1920) TL: Guyana; Peru
Camissecla charichlorus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Charichlorus GroundstreakHonduras to Colombia; TL: Costa Rica
Camissecla [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Camissecla simasca (Draudt, 1920) TL: Colombia
Camissecla gedrosia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Camissecla camissa (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Camissecla cleocha (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Camissecla [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Camissecla [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Bolivia
Camissecla pactya (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Ecuador; Colombia
Camissecla vespasianus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Vespasianus GroundstreakMexico to Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Camissecla melma Schaus, 1913Melma GroundstreakCosta Rica and Panama; TL: not specified
Camissecla saphronotis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993) TL: Ecuador
Camissecla vesper (H. Druce, 1909) TL: Peru
Camissecla verbenaca (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil
Camissecla [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SC)
Electrostrymon endymion (Fabricius, 1775) TL: Brazil
Electrostrymon constantinoi (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993) TL: Colombia
Electrostrymon hugon (Godart, [1824])Ruddy Hairstreak[= sangala, = cyphara] S TX to Venezuela; TL: ?
Electrostrymon joya (Dognin, 1895)Muted Hairstreak[= canus] S TX to Peru; TL: Ecuador
Electrostrymon dominicana (Lathy, 1904)Dominican HairstreakDominica; TL: Dominica
Electrostrymon pan (Drury, 1773)Pan HairstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Electrostrymon angelia angelia (Hewitson, 1874)Fulvous HairstreakS Florida and Cuba; TL: Cuba; Jamaica
Electrostrymon angelia dowi (Clench, 1941)Fulvous HairstreakBahamas & Turks and Caicos Islands; TL: Bahamas
Electrostrymon angelia pantoni (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Fulvous HairstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Electrostrymon angelia boyeri (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Fulvous HairstreakHispaniola to St. Croix; TL: Haiti
Electrostrymon angerona (Godman & Salvin, 1896)Angerona HairstreakLesser Antilles; TL: St. Vincent; Grenadines; Grenada
Electrostrymon denarius (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Coppery GroundstreakE Mexico to Guatemala; TL: Costa Rica
Electrostrymon guzanta (Schaus, 1902)Orange-crescent GroundstreakW and S TX to Nicaragua; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Electrostrymon [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Panama
Electrostrymon perisus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Venezuela
Rubroserrata mathewi (Hewitson, 1874)Mathew’s GroundstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Rubroserrata ecbatana (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Ziegleria hesperitis (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Hesperitis GroundstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Costa Rica
Ziegleria hoffmani K. Johnson, 1993Hoffmann’s GroundstreakMexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Ziegleria ceromia (Hewitson, 1877)Ceromia GroundstreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Brazil
Ziegleria hernandezi (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993) TL: Trinidad
Kisutam micandriana (K. Johnson, 1992)Micandriana GroundstreakMexico to Nicaragua; TL: Guatemala
Kisutam rosemary Thompson & Robbins, 2015Rosemary's GroundstreakCosta Rica and Panama; TL: Panama
Kisutam syllis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Sky-blue GroundstreakS TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Guatemala
Calycopis tamos (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Tamos Hairstreak[possibly a synonym of C. matho]; TL: Costa Rica; Panama
Calycopis matho (Godman & Salvin, 1887) TL: Guyana
Calycopis clarina (Hewitson, 1874)White-striped GroundstreakTL: Mexico
Calycopis cos (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Calycopis atnius (Herrich-Schäffer, [1853])Atnius GroundstreakTL: Surinam
Calycopis mimas (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Mimas GroundstreakTL: Panama; Colombia; Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Ma)
Calycopis petaurister (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Calycopis calor (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Calycopis [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Calycopis johnsoni (Salazar, 2000) TL: Colombia
Calycopis demonassa (Hewitson, 1868)Shining GroundstreakTL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis buphonia (Hewitson, 1868)Buphonia GroundstreakCosta Rica to N Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis calus (Godart, [1824])Calus GroundstreakTL: America
Calycopis wolfii (K. Johnson, 1993) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis caesaries (H. Druce, 1907)Caesaries GroundstreakBelize to N Brazil; TL: Guyana
Calycopis sullivani Robbins & Duarte, 2005Sullivan's HairstreakAtlantic coast of Panama and Costa Rica; TL: Panama
Calycopis cicero Robbins & Duarte, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Calycopis ledaea (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Am)
Calycopis cerata (Hewitson, 1877)Cerata GroundstreakTL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis cecrops (Fabricius, 1793)Red-banded HairstreakE USA, New Providence Island, Bahamas; TL: USA (Ga)
Calycopis isobeon (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Dusky-blue GroundstreakTL: Costa Rica
Calycopis quintana (K. Johnson, 1991)Yucatan GroundstreakYucatan Peninsula of Mexico and N Belize; TL: Belize
Calycopis bactra (Hewitson, 1877)Hewitson's GroundstreakTL: Nicaragua
Calycopis lerbela W. D. Field, 1967 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis caulonia (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Calycopis [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (RJ)
Calycopis nicolayi W. D. Field, 1967 TL: Brazil (Pb)
Calycopis [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Calycopis bellera (Hewitson, 1877)Bellera GroundstreakPanama, Surinam, Brazil; TL: Brazil
Calycopis xeneta (Hewitson, 1877)Brilliant GroundstreakTL: Nicaragua
Calycopis centoripa (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Calycopis thama (Hewitson, 1877)Thama HairstreakCosta Rica to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Calycopis torqueor (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Calycopis vibulena (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis origo (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Origo Groundstreak(= susanna); TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis drusilla W. D. Field, 1967Drusilla GroundstreakTL: Costa Rica
Calycopis vitruvia (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis partunda (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil
Calycopis indigo (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Calycopis anfracta (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Peru
Calycopis [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Calycopis anastasia W. D. Field, 1967 TL: Bolivia
Calycopis fractunda W. D. Field, 1967 TL: Peru
Calycopis anthora (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Calycopis spadectis (K. Johnson & Kroenlein, 1993) TL: Ecuador
Calycopis malta (Schaus, 1902) TL: Peru
Calycopis gentilla (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Calycopis trebula (Hewitson, 1868)Trebula GroundstreakTL: Brazil (Am)
Calycopis puppius (Godman & Salvin, 1887) TL: Guyana
Calycopis [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (RJ)
Calycopis meleager (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Surinam
Calycopis pisis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Pisis GroundstreakTL: Panama
Calycopis [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Calycopis talama (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Calycopis tifla (W. D. Field, 1967) TL: Peru
Calycopis [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Calycopis janeirica (C. Felder, 1862) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Calycopis vidulus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Ecuador
Calycopis cyanus (Draudt, 1920) TL: Bolivia
Calycopis [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Calycopis orcillula (Strand, 1916)Strand's GroundstreakTL: Costa Rica
Calycopis mirna Robbins & Duarte, 2002 TL: Argentina
Calycopis orcilla (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Ecuador
Calycopis blora (W. D. Field, 1967) TL: French Guiana
Calycopis naka (W. D. Field, 1967) TL: Peru
Calycopis barza (W. D. Field, 1967) TL: Peru
Calycopis gizela (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Bolivia
Calycopis suda (Draudt, 1920) TL: Bolivia
Calycopis boliviensis (K. Johnson, 1991) TL: Bolivia
Calycopis cinniana (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil
Calycopis plumans (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Calycopis hosmeri (Weeks, 1906) TL: Venezuela
Calycopis [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Calycopis vesulus (Stoll, 1781) TL: Surinam
Calycopis cissusa (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Strymon melinus melinus (Hübner, [1813])Gray HairstreakTL: [USA (Ga)]
Strymon melinus humuli (T. Harris, 1841)Gray HairstreakTL: USA (Ma)
Strymon melinus franki W. D. Field, 1938Gray HairstreakTL: USA (Ks)
Strymon melinus setonia McDunnough, 1927Gray HairstreakTL: Canada
Strymon melinus atrofasciata McDunnough, 1921Gray HairstreakTL: Canada
Strymon melinus pudica (H. Edwards, 1877)Gray HairstreakBaja California; TL: USA (Ca)
Strymon melinus clarionensis (Heid, 1933)'Clarion Island' Gray Hairstreak[Apparently a species-level taxon], Clarion I., Colima, Mexico; TL: Mexico (Col)
Strymon melinus caldasensis Salazar, Vélez & K. Johnson, 1997 TL: Colombia
Strymon avalona (W. G. Wright, 1905)Avalon Scrub-HairstreakSanta Catalina Island, S CA; TL: USA (Ca)
Strymon daraba (Hewitson, 1867) TL: [Ecuador]
Strymon sabinus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Strymon rufofusca (Hewitson, 1877)Red-crescent Scrub-HairstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to Paraguay, Lesser Antilles; TL: ?
Strymon [n. sp.#1] Nicolay & Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Strymon cyanofusca K. Johnson, Eisele & MacPherson, 1990 TL: Argentina
Strymon lamasi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005 TL: Peru
Strymon albata (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)White Scrub-Hairsreak[= sedecia] S TX to Venezuela; TL: Venezuela; Colombia
Strymon alea (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Lacey’s Scrub-Hairstreak[= laceyi] TX to Venezuela; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Strymon bebrycia (Hewitson, 1868)Red-lined Scrub-HairstreakSE AZ to S TX to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico
Strymon yojoa (Reakirt, [1867])Yojoa Scrub-HairstreakSE AZ, S TX to S Brazil; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Strymon tegaea (Hewitson, 1868) TL: ?
Strymon ohausi (Spitz, 1933) TL: Brazil (SP)
Strymon sylea (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Strymon mulucha (Hewitson, 1867)Mottled Scrub-HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Venezuela
Strymon cestri (Reakirt, [1867])Tailless Scrub-HairstreakSE AZ, S TX to S Brazil; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Strymon davara (Hewitson, 1868) TL: ?
Strymon crambusa (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Bolivia
Strymon astiocha (Prittwitz, 1865)Gray-spotted Scrub-HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Strymon martialis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1865)Martial Scrub-HairstreakS Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Caymans; TL: Cuba
Strymon christophei (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Hispaniolan Scrub-hairstreakHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Strymon michelle Nicolay & Robbins, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Strymon acis bartrami (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakS Florida; TL: USA (Fl)
Strymon acis casasi (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakCuba, Caymans; TL: Cuba
Strymon acis armouri Clench, 1943Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakGreat Bahama Bank (Andros to Long), possibly Crooked I.; TL: Bahamas
Strymon acis (Great Inagua segregate)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakGreat Inagua Island, Bahamas
Strymon acis leucosticha Clench, 1992Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakMiddle Caicos Island (at least); TL: Bahamas
Strymon acis gossei (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Strymon acis petioni (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakHispaniola; TL: Haiti
Strymon acis mars (Fabricius, 1776)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakPuerto Rico (include. Mona & Culebran Is.) and Virgin Islands; TL: S. Amer.
Strymon acis acis (Drury, 1773)Caribbean Scrub-HairstreakLesser Antilles (St. Martin to Dominica); TL: USA (NY)
Strymon bazochii bazochii (Godart, [1824])Lantana Scrub-HairstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to Argentina; TL: Brazil
Strymon bazochii gundlachianus M. Bates, 1935Lantana Scrub-HairstreakCuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola; TL: Cuba
Strymon [n. sp.#2] Nicolay & Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Strymon istapa clenchi Austin & J. Emmel, 1998Mallow Scrub-HairstreakBaja California; TL: USA (Ca)
Strymon istapa istapa (Reakirt, [1867])Mallow Scrub-HairstreakS TX, E & W Mexico to Argentina; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Strymon istapa modesta (Maynard, 1873)Mallow Scrub-HairstreakS Florida; TL: USA (Fl)
Strymon istapa cybira (Hewitson, 1874)Mallow Scrub-HairstreakBahamas, Greater Antilles, (Dry Tortugas?); TL: Cuba; Jamaica
Strymon istapa arecibo (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Mallow Scrub-HairstreakPuerto Rico; TL: Puerto Rico
Strymon istapa clarionica (Vázquez, 1958)Mallow Scrub-HairstreakClarion Island; Relationship to S. i. clenchi requires study; TL: Mexico (Col)
Strymon istapa socorroica (Vázquez, 1958)'Socorro Island' Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak[Apparently a species-level taxon], Socorro I., Colima, Mexico; TL: Mexico (Col)
Strymon bubastus ponce (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Disjunct Scrub-HairstreakMona I., Puerto Rico, Virgin Is., Lesser Antilles S to Grenada; TL: Puerto Rico
Strymon bubastus bubastus (Stoll, 1780) TL: Cape of Good Hope
Strymon columella (Fabricius, 1793)Columella Scrub-HairstreakCulebran Is., Virgin Is., St. Kitts to Antigua; TL: not specified
Strymon limenia (Hewitson, 1868)Limenia Scrub-HairstreakS Florida, Greater Antilles, St. Thomas; TL: Jamaica
Strymon toussainti (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Toussaint's Scrub-HairstreakHispaniola, E Cuba; TL: Haiti
Strymon eurytulus (Hübner, [1819]) TL: ?
Strymon flavaria (Ureta, 1956) TL: Chile
Strymon colombiana (K. Johnson, L. Miller & Herrera, 1992) TL: Colombia
Strymon bicolor (Philippi, 1859) TL: Chile
Strymon heodes (H. Druce, 1909) TL: Peru
Strymon wagenknechti (Ureta, 1947) TL: Chile
Strymon nivea (K. Johnson, L. Miller & Herrera, 1992) TL: Argentina
Strymon rana (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Strymon oribata (Weymer, 1890) TL: Bolivia
Strymon serapio (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Bromeliad Scrub-HairstreakS TX (stray) to S Brazil; TL: Mexico (Ver); Panama
Strymon glorissima K. Johnson & Salazar, 1993 TL: Colombia
Strymon solitario Grishin & Durden, 2012Big Bend Scrub-HairstreakTX Big Bend and vicinity & possibly NE MX; TL: USA (Tx)
Strymon jacqueline Nicolay & Robbins, 2005 TL: Peru
Strymon gabatha (Hewitson, 1870)Great Scrub-HairstreakMexico to Peru; TL: Ecuador
Strymon monopeteinus A. Schwartz & J. Miller, 1985Shining Scrub-HairstreakHispaniola; TL: Dominican Rep.
Strymon oreala (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Ba)
Strymon dindus (Fabricius, 1793) TL: India
Strymon lucena (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Venezuela
Strymon cardus (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Brazil
Strymon azuba (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Brazil (RS)
Strymon eremica (Hayward, 1949) TL: Argentina
Strymon ahrenholzi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005 TL: Ecuador
Strymon veterator (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Paraguay
Strymon giffordi Nicolay & Robbins, 2005 TL: Brazil (Go)
Strymon megarus (Godart, [1824])Megarus Scrub-HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Strymon ziba (Hewitson, 1868)Ziba Scrub-HairstreakMexico to S Brazil and Argentina; TL: ?
Tmolus echion echiolus (Draudt, 1920)Red-spotted HairstreakHawaii, Mexico to S Brazil; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Tmolus echion echion (Linnaeus, 1767) TL: West Indies
Tmolus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Tmolus crolinus A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872Crolinus HairstreakNicaragua to Venezuela; TL: Costa Rica
Tmolus venustus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Tmolus cydrara (Hewitson, 1868)Cydrara HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Tmolus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Tmolus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Tmolus ufentina (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Am)
Tmolus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Tmolus [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SC)
Tmolus [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Guatemala
Tmolus [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Tmolus [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Tmolus [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Tmolus mutina (Hewitson, 1867)Mutina MidistreakCosta Rica to Guianas & N Brazil; TL: Brazil
Nicolaea cauter (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Nicolaea schausa (E. Jones, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Nicolaea dolium (H. Druce, 1907)Dolium HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Honduras
Nicolaea ceglusa (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Nicolaea bagrada (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Am)
Nicolaea xorema (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Nicolaea [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SP)
Nicolaea [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Pr)
Nicolaea [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Nicolaea fabulla (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Venezuela
Nicolaea [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Mexico (Oax)
Nicolaea demilineata (Lathy, 1936) TL: Paraguay
Nicolaea [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (RJ)
Nicolaea [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (MT)
Nicolaea obelus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Nicolaea castinotus (K. Johnson & Le Crom, 1997) TL: Colombia
Nicolaea [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (MT)
Nicolaea salki (Faynel & Robbins, 2014) FG, Brazil (BA) & Peru; TL: French Guiana
Nicolaea cupa (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (RS)
Nicolaea petilla (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Nicolaea velina (Hewitson, 1868)Garnet-patched Hairstreak[= phobe] Mexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Nicolaea torris (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (RS)
Nicolaea besidia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Nicolaea socia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Nicolaea [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Nicolaea viceta (Hewitson, 1868) Nicaragua to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Nicolaea opalia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Nicolaea opaliana (Hayward, 1967) TL: Argentina
Nicolaea ophia (Hewitson, 1868)Ophia HairstreakNicaragua to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Nicolaea [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (MT)
Nicolaea heraldica (Dyar, 1914)Heraldica HairstreakMexico to C Brazil; TL: Panama
Nicolaea [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Nicolaea pyxis (K. Johnson, 1993) TL: Colombia
Nicolaea umuarama (K. Johnson, 1993) TL: Brazil (SP)
Nicolaea [n. sp.#11] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Nicolaea [n. sp.#12] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Nicolaea laconia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Nicolaea lemuria (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Nicolaea munditia (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Nicolaea [n. sp.#13] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Ministrymon leda (W. H. Edwards, 1882)Leda MinistreakSW USA to C Mexico; TL: USA (Az)
Ministrymon clytie (W. H. Edwards, 1877)Clytie MinistreakS TX (?S AZ) to Costa Rica; TL: USA (Tx)
Ministrymon albimimicus (K. Johnson, 1986) TL: Venezuela
Ministrymon megacles (Stoll, 1780) TL: Surinam
Ministrymon arola (Hewitson, 1868)Arola Ministreak[= coronta?] Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Brazil
Ministrymon coronta (Hewitson, 1874) Central America; TL: French Guiana
Ministrymon santans (Dyar, 1926) Central America; TL: Mexico (Gue)
Ministrymon [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Ministrymon zilda (Hewitson, 1873)Square-spotted MinistreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Ministrymon ollantaitamba (K. Johnson, L. Miller & Herrera, 1992) TL: Peru
Ministrymon sanguinalis (Burmeister, 1878) TL: Argentina
Ministrymon gamma (H. Druce, 1909) TL: Argentina
Ministrymon inoa (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Veracruzan MinistreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Ministrymon ligia (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Colombia
Ministrymon phrutus (Geyer, 1832)Purple-webbed MinistreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Java
Ministrymon cruenta (Gosse, 1880) TL: Argentina
Ministrymon arthuri Bálint, K. Johnson & Austin, [1999] TL: Brazil (RJ)
Ministrymon azia (Hewitson, 1873)Gray Ministreak[= guacanagari], SE AZ & S TX (strays) to Argentina, Antilles; TL: Mexico
Ministrymon janevicroy Glassberg, 2013Pebbly MinistreakTexas to Costa Rica & Curacao and Isla Margarita (Venezuela); TL: USA (Tx)
Ministrymon cleon (Fabricius, 1775)Cleon MinistreakCosta Rica to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Ministrymon [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Guatemala
Ministrymon [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Mexico (Yuc)
Ministrymon fostera (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (SP)
Ministrymon una scopas (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Pale MinistreakW & S Mexico at least to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Ver); Nicaragua
Ministrymon una una (Hewitson, 1873) TL: Venezuela; Brazil (RJ)
Exorbaetta metanira (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Am)
Exorbaetta [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Peru
Gargina gargophia (Hewitson, 1877)Gargophia HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil (ES)
Gargina thyesta (Hewitson, 1869)Thyesta HairstreakCosta Rica to Brazil; TL: Brazil
Gargina caninius (H. Druce, 1907)Caninus HairstreakMexico to S Brazil; TL: Venezuela
Gargina gnosia (Hewitson, 1868)Gnosia HairstreakMexico to Argentina; TL: ?
Gargina [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Brazil (Pa)
Gargina emessa (Hewitson, 1867)Emessa HairstreakNicaragua to Brazil; TL: Brazil
Gargina humber (Schaus, 1902) TL: Venezuela
Gargina thoria (Hewitson, 1869)Thoria HairstreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Venezuela
Gargina panchaea (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Brazil
Siderus leucophaeus (Hübner, [1813])White-spotted HairstreakGuatemala to Brazil; TL: [Brazil]
Siderus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Colombia
Siderus parvinotus Kaye, 1904 TL: Trinidad
Siderus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Siderus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Siderus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Siderus [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Honduras
Siderus guapila (Schaus, 1913)Schaus' HairstreakCosta Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Siderus [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Siderus [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Siderus [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Siderus eliatha (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Siderus [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Siderus [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Siderus bouvieri (Lathy, 1936) TL: Ecuador
Siderus athymbra (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Siderus [n. sp.#11] Robbins, MS TL: Colombia
Siderus [n. sp.#12] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Siderus [n. sp.#13] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Siderus [n. sp.#14] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil
Siderus philinna (Hewitson, 1868)Bold-spotted HairstreakMX to S Brazil; TL: Brazil
Siderus giapor (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (SP)
Siderus nouraguensis Faynel & Robbins, 2014 TL: French Guiana
Theclopsis demea (Hewitson, 1874)Demea HairstreakNicaragua to Ecuador; TL: Nicaragua
Theclopsis lydus (Hübner, [1819]) TL: Surinam
Theclopsis murex (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (RS)
Theclopsis leos (Schaus, 1913)Leos HairstreakHonduras, Costa Rica; TL: Costa Rica
Theclopsis epidius (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Epidius HairstreakPanama to Colombia; TL: Panama; Colombia
Theclopsis gargara (Hewitson, 1868)Gargara HairstreakColombia to S Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Theclopsis mycon (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Mycon HairstreakMX to Venezuela; TL: Mexico (Ver); Guatemala; Panama; Colombia
Theclopsis [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Theclopsis [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Theclopsis aurina Robbins, 2002 TL: Colombia
Ostrinotes purpuriticus (H. Druce, 1907)Cryptic HairstreakSE Mexico to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Ostrinotes silva (Faynel & Robbins, 2014) Costa Rica to Bolivia & Brazil; TL: French Guiana
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Pa)
Ostrinotes empusa (Hewitson, 1867)Empusa HairstreakPanama to Argentina; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Ostrinotes halciones (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Halciones HairstreakMX to Brazil; TL: Costa Rica
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Ostrinotes tympania (Hewitson, 1869) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Ostrinotes tarena (Hewitson, 1874) TL: French Guiana
Ostrinotes gentiana (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Ostrinotes sospes (Draudt, 1920) TL: Colombia
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Ostrinotes keila (Hewitson, 1869)Keila HairstreakMX to Colombia; TL: Guatemala
Ostrinotes sophocles (Fabricius, 1793) TL: Indiis
Ostrinotes [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Go)
Strephonota tephraeus (Geyer, 1837)Pearly-gray HairstreakS Texas to Brazil; TL: ?
Strephonota sphinx (Fabricius, 1775)Sphinx HairstreakPanama to Brazil; TL: East Indies
Strephonota azurinus (A. Butler & H. Druce, 1872)Azurinus HairstreakCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Costa Rica
Strephonota [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Strephonota [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Strephonota [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (RJ)
Strephonota [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SC)
Strephonota jactator (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Paraguay
Strephonota [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Strephonota cyllarissus (Herbst, 1800) TL: Surinam
Strephonota bicolorata Faynel, 2003 TL: French Guiana
Strephonota [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota pulchritudo (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Amazons
Strephonota [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Strephonota porphyritis (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Strephonota [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Rd)
Strephonota purpurantes (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Peru
Strephonota [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota foyi (Schaus, 1902) TL: Peru
Strephonota [n. sp.#11] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Strephonota [n. sp.#12] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota falsistrephon Faynel & Brévignon, 2003 TL: French Guiana
Strephonota syedra (Hewitson, 1867)Syedra HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil
Strephonota adela (Staudinger, 1888) TL: Peru
Strephonota strephon (Fabricius, 1775) TL: East Indies
Strephonota [n. sp.#13] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota parvipuncta (Lathy, 1926) TL: Peru
Strephonota [n. sp.#14] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Strephonota [n. sp.#15] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota tyriam (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Strephonota elika (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (RS)
Strephonota [n. sp.#16] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Strephonota agrippa (Fabricius, 1793) TL: America
Strephonota trebonia (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Strephonota [n. sp.#17] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota [n. sp.#18] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota perola (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Am)
Strephonota carteia (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Strephonota ambrax (Westwood, 1852)Ambrax HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil ([RJ])
Strephonota malvania (Hewitson, 1867)Malvania HairstreakCosta Rica & Panama; TL: ?
Strephonota [n. sp.#19] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Strephonota acameda (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Strephonota ericeta (Hewitson, 1867)Ericeta HairstreakGuatemala to Colombia; TL: Guatemala
Panthiades bitias (Cramer, 1777)Bitias HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Surinam
Panthiades hebraeus (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (Ba)
Panthiades aeolus (Fabricius, 1775) TL: Indiis
Panthiades boreas (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Panthiades ochus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Ochus HairstreakMexico to Ecuador; TL: Guatemala
Panthiades paphlagon (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Panthiades bathildis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Zebra-striped HairstreakMexico to N Brazil; TL: Venezuela
Panthiades phaleros (Linnaeus, 1767)Phaleros HairstreakSE Mexico to S Brazil; TL: India
Oenomaus ortygnus (Cramer, 1779)Aquamarine HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Surinam
Oenomaus gwenish Robbins & Faynel, 2012 TL: Panama
Oenomaus mancha R. Busby & Faynel, 2012 TL: Ecuador
Oenomaus atesa (Hewitson, 1867)Atesa HairstreakS Mexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Oenomaus lea Faynel & Robbins, 2012 TL: Ecuador
Oenomaus myrteana R. Busby, Robbins & Faynel, 2012 TL: Ecuador
Oenomaus geba (Hewitson, 1877) TL: ?
Oenomaus brulei Faynel, 2008 TL: French Guiana
Oenomaus griseus Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Brazil (DF)
Oenomaus jauffreti Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Oenomaus magnus Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Brazil (Am)
Oenomaus poirieri Faynel, 2008 TL: French Guiana
Oenomaus nigra Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Peru
Oenomaus atena (Hewitson, 1867)Atena HairstreakCosta Rica to Amazonas; TL: Brazil
Oenomaus morroensis Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Brazil (SC)
Oenomaus cortica (D'Abrera, 1995) TL: Colombia
Oenomaus ambiguus Faynel, 2008 TL: French Guiana
Oenomaus druceus Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Brazil (Am)
Oenomaus gaia Faynel, 2008 TL: French Guiana
Oenomaus andi R. Busby & Faynel, 2012 TL: Ecuador
Oenomaus moseri Robbins & Faynel, 2012 TL: Brazil (SC)
Oenomaus mentirosa Faynel & Robbins, 2012 TL: Peru
Oenomaus cyanovenata (D'Abrera, 1995)Veined HairstreakPanama to Guianas; TL: Colombia
Oenomaus floreus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Oenomaus isabellae Faynel, 2006 TL: French Guiana
Oenomaus taua Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Brazil (Pa)
Oenomaus curiosa Faynel & Moser, 2008 TL: Peru
Oenomaus melleus (H. Druce, 1907)Melleus HairstreakNicaragua to Brazil; TL: Colombia
Porthecla forasteira Faynel & Moser, 2011 TL: French Guiana
Porthecla ravus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil
Porthecla annette Faynel & Robbins, 2011Annette's HairstreakPanama to Amazonas; TL: Panama
Porthecla porthura (H. Druce, 1907)Porthura HairstreakHonduras to W Ecuador; TL: Colombia
Porthecla minyia (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Porthecla gemma (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Peru
Porthecla johanna Faynel & Robbins, 2011 TL: Ecuador
Porthecla peruensis Faynel & Moser, 2011 TL: Peru
Porthecla prietoi Faynel & R. Busby, 2011 TL: Colombia
Porthecla willmotti R. Busby, Faynel & Moser, 2011 TL: Ecuador
Porthecla barba (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Colombia
Porthecla dinus (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Thepytus epytus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Epytus HairstreakPanama to Ecuador; TL: Panama
Thepytus thyrea (Hewitson, 1867) TL: French Guiana; Brazil (Am)
Thepytus arindela (Hewitson, 1874)Arindela HairstreakS Mexico to Panama; TL: Nicaragua
Thepytus jennifer R. Busby & Robbins, 2010 TL: Ecuador
Thepytus beatrizae (Bálint & Dahners, 2006) TL: Colombia
Thepytus nancyana R. Busby & Robbins, 2010 TL: Ecuador
Thepytus carmen Robbins & Duarte, 2010 TL: Brazil (RJ)
Thepytus echelta (Hewitson, 1867)Velvet HairstreakS Mexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Parrhasius polibetes (Stoll, 1781)Black-spot HairstreakE & W Mexico to Uruguay & Argentina; TL: Surinam
Parrhasius orgia (Hewitson, 1867)Variable HairstreakE & W Mexico to S Brazil & Argentina; TL: Venezuela; French Guiana
Parrhasius m-album (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1833])White-M HairstreakS. Ontario CAN, E US from NH & WI to TX; TL: USA (Ga)
Parrhasius moctezuma (Clench, 1971)Mexican-M HairstreakMexico to Nicaragua; TL: Mexico (Hid)
Parrhasius urraca Nicolay, 1979Panamanian-M HairstreakCosta Rica & Panama; TL: Panama
Parrhasius selika (Hewitson, 1874)Brazilian-M HairstreakColombia to Brazil; TL: Brazil
Michaelus phoenissa (Hewitson, 1867)Two-banded HairstreakSE Mexico to N Brazil & Peru; TL: Brazil (Pa)
Michaelus jebus (Godart, [1824])Variegated HairstreakE & W Mexico to S Brazil & Argentina; TL: Brazil
Michaelus thordesa (Hewitson, 1867)Thordesa HairstreakSE Mexico to Bolivia & SE Brazil; TL: Venezuela
Michaelus hecate (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Hecate HairstreakE & W Mexico to Costa Rica; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Michaelus ira (Hewitson, 1867)Ira HairstreakE & W Mexico to SE Brazil & Argentina; TL: Mexico
Michaelus joseph Robbins, 2010Joseph HairstreakCosta Rica to W Amazon (Peru) & Brazil; TL: Panama
Ignata mulsus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Ignata elana (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Brazil (ES)
Ignata gadira (Hewitson, 1867)Gadira HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Guatemala
Ignata caldas Robbins, 2010Caldas HairstreakMexico to SE Peru in the Amazon Basin; TL: Panama
Ignata brasiliensis (Talbot, 1928) TL: Brazil (MT)
Ignata norax (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Norax HairstreakS Mexico to Brazil; TL: Guatemala
Ignata levis (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Olynthus narbal (Stoll, 1790)Narbal HairstreakPanama to Peru, Guianas; TL: Surinam
Olynthus ophelia (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Olynthus avoca (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Olynthus [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Olynthus obsoleta (Lathy, 1926) TL: Brazil
Olynthus fulvoventris Austin & K. Johnson, 1998 TL: Brazil (Rd)
Olynthus [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (MG)
Olynthus nitor (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Am)
Olynthus negrus Austin & K. Johnson, 1998 TL: Brazil (Rd)
Olynthus fancia (E. Jones, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Olynthus hypsea (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Hypsea HairstreakPanama to Venezuela; TL: Panama
Olynthus [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Honduras
Olynthus [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Pa)
Olynthus punctum (Herrich-Schäffer, [1853])Punctum Hairstreak[= stigmatos], Panama to Guianas & C Brazil; TL: Surinam
Olynthus essus (Herrich-Schäffer, [1853]) TL: Surinam
Olynthus lorea (Möschler, 1883) TL: Surinam
Olynthus ostia (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Olynthus [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Olynthus [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Olynthus porphyreticus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Peru
Hypostrymon critola (Hewitson, 1874)Sonoran HairstreakS AZ, BCS, W Mexico to GRO; TL: Mexico (Son)
Hypostrymon [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Costa Rica
Hypostrymon renidens (Draudt, 1920) TL: Peru
Hypostrymon [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Hypostrymon aepeona (Draudt, 1920) TL: Peru
Hypostrymon [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Hypostrymon asa (Hewitson, 1868)Asa HairstreakGuatemala to Brazil; TL: Brazil (Am)
Hypostrymon [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Hypostrymon [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (ES)
Marachina maraches (H. Druce, 1912) TL: Ecuador
Marachina [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Marachina [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Marachina fidelia (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Venezuela
Marachina peonida (Draudt, 1919) TL: Colombia
Apuecla maeonis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Maeonis HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Mexico (Ver); Guatemala
Apuecla picus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Apuecla upupa (H. Druce, 1907)Upupa HairstreakSE Mexico to Ecuador and Venezuela; TL: Costa Rica
Nesiostrymon calchinia (Hewitson, 1868)Calachinia HairstreakMexico to Argentina; TL: Brazil (Am)
Nesiostrymon hyccara (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Nesiostrymon celida celida (Lucas, 1857)Caribbean HairstreakCuba & Isla de Juventud; TL: Cuba
Nesiostrymon celida baorucoensis K. Johnson, 1991Caribbean HairstreakSW Dominican Republic; TL: Dominican Rep.
Nesiostrymon celida aibonito (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Caribbean HairstreakN Hispaniola & Puerto Rico; TL: Puerto Rico
Nesiostrymon shoumatoffi (W. Comstock & Huntington, 1943)Shoumatoff's HairstreakJamaica; TL: Jamaica
Nesiostrymon celona (Hewitson, 1874)Celona HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil (ES)
Nesiostrymon dodava (Hewitson, 1877)Dodava HairstreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Panama
Nesiostrymon endela (Hewitson, 1874) TL: Venezuela
Nesiostrymon tristis (Lathy, 1926) TL: Brazil (MT)
Balintus tityrus (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Aubergina vanessoides (Prittwitz, 1865)Vanessoides HairstreakColombia to Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Aubergina paetus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Paetus HairstreakMexico to Colombia; TL: Panama
Aubergina hicetas (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Hicetas HairstreakMexico to Colombia; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Aubergina alda (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Aubergina [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Aubergina [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Aubergina hesychia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Hesychia HairstreakCosta Rica to Brazil; TL: Costa Rica
Terenthina terentia (Hewitson, 1868)Terentia HairstreakCosta Rica to Brazil; TL: Brazil (Am)
Terenthina bradyae (D'Abrera, 1995) TL: Colombia
Iaspis verania (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Iaspis ornata Austin & K. Johnson, 1996 TL: Brazil (Rd)
Iaspis castitas (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (Pa/ES)
Iaspis exiguus (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Surinam
Iaspis talayra (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Iaspis andersoni Robbins, 2010Anderson's HairstreakMexico to N Colombia & Isla Coiba; TL: Panama
Iaspis castimonia (H. Druce, 1907)Castimonia HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Colombia
Iaspis thabena (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil
Iaspis beera (Hewitson, 1870) TL: Ecuador
Iaspis grandis Austin & K. Johnson, 1996 TL: Brazil (Rd)
Iaspis temesa (Hewitson, 1868)Temesa HairstreakSE Mexico to S Brazil, Guianas; TL: Brazil
Celmia celmus (Cramer, 1775)Celmus HairstreakMexico to Brazil and Paraguay; TL: Surinam
Celmia [n. sp.] Robbins, MS Ecuador
Celmia uzza (Hewitson, 1873) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Celmia color (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana
Celmia mecrida (Hewitson, 1867) TL: Brazil
Celmia anastomosis (Draudt, [1918]) TL: Guyana; Brazil
Celmia conoveria (Schaus, 1902)Conoveira HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Brazil (RJ)
Dicya dicaea (Hewitson, 1874)Dicaea HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: ?
Dicya carnica (Hewitson, 1873)Carnica HairstreakMexico to Argentina; TL: Brazil
Dicya iambe (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Iambe HairstreakCosta Rica to Peru; TL: Costa Rica
Dicya eumorpha (Hayward, 1949) TL: Argentina
Dicya lucagus (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Lucagus HairstreakMexico; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Dicya lollia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Lollia HairstreakPanama; TL: Guatemala; Costa Rica
Trichonis hyacinthus (Cramer, 1775) TL: West Indies
Trichonis immaculata Lathy, 1930 TL: ?
Erora laeta (W. H. Edwards, 1862)Early HairstreakSE CAN and NE US, from ME to N GA; TL: Canada (On)
Erora quaderna quaderna (Hewitson, 1868)Arizona HairstreakTL: Mexico
Erora quaderna caudata L. Miller, 1980Chiapas HairstreakChiapas; TL: Mexico (Chia)
Erora subflorens (Schaus, 1913)Emerald HairstreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Costa Rica
Erora biblia (Hewitson, 1868) TL: Brazil (Pa)
Erora [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Pa)
Erora nitetis (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Nitetis HairstreakMexico to Panama; TL: Mexico (Ver/Oax)
Erora [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Erora [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Erora [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Erora aura (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Aura HairstreakMexico to W Colombia; TL: Costa Rica; Panama
Erora tella (Schaus, 1902) TL: Brazil (RJ)
Erora phrosine (H. Druce, 1909) TL: Peru
Erora carla (Schaus, 1902)Carla HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Colombia
Erora gabina (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Gabina HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Mexico (Ver); Panama; Amazons
Erora opisena (H. Druce, 1912)Opisena HairstreakMexico to Venezuela; TL: Colombia
Erora [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Venezuela
Erora [n. sp.#6] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (SC)
Erora campa (E. Jones, 1912) TL: Brazil (Pr)
Erora [n. sp.#7] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (RJ)
Erora [n. sp.#8] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Erora [n. sp.#9] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Erora [n. sp.#10] Robbins, MS TL: Peru
Erora badeta (Hewitson, 1873)Badeta HairstreakCosta Rica to Brazil; TL: French Guiana; Brazil
Erora muridosca (Dyar, 1918)Muridosca HairstreakMexico, El Salvador; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Erora lampetia (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Lampetia HairstreakCosta Rica to Brazil; TL: Costa Rica
Erora [n. sp.#11] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Erora [n. sp.#12] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Erora facuna (Hewitson, 1877) TL: ?
Erora senta (Draudt, 1920) TL: Colombia
Erora caespes (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Bolivia
Erora melba (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil (MG)
Erora nana (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865) TL: Colombia
Erora lorina (Hewitson, 1874) TL: ?
Erora [n. sp.#13] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (RJ)
Erora aguaca (Draudt, 1920) TL: Colombia
Semonina ares (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Ares HairstreakPanama to W Ecuador; TL: Guatemala; Brazil (Am)
Semonina semones (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Semones HairstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Mexico (Ver)
Semonina [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Panama
Semonina [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (MG)
Chalybs janias (Cramer, 1779)Janias GreenstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Surinam
Chalybs chloris (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil
Chalybs hassan (Stoll, 1790)Hassan GreenstreakMexico to Brazil; TL: Surinam
Chalybs lineata (Lathy, 1936) TL: Ecuador
Symbiopsis tanais (Godman & Salvin, 1887)Tanais HairstreakCosta Rica to W Ecuador; TL: Panama
Symbiopsis [n. sp.#1] Robbins, MS TL: Mexico (Col)
Symbiopsis pencilatus K. Johnson & Le Crom, 1997 TL: Colombia
Symbiopsis perulera Robbins, 2004 TL: Peru
Symbiopsis [n. sp.#2] Robbins, MS TL: Ecuador
Symbiopsis [n. sp.#3] Robbins, MS TL: Colombia
Symbiopsis aprica (Möschler, 1883) TL: Surinam
Symbiopsis panamensis (Draudt, 1920)Panama HairstreakCosta Rica, Panama; TL: Panama
Symbiopsis morpho Nicolay, 1971 TL: Ecuador
Symbiopsis rickmani (Schaus, 1902)Rickman's HairstreakNicaragua to Colombia; TL: Colombia
Symbiopsis pupilla (Draudt, 1920) TL: Guyana; Colombia; Bolivia
Symbiopsis pentas Nicolay, 1971 TL: Bolivia
Symbiopsis [n. sp.#4] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (Pb)
Symbiopsis [n. sp.#5] Robbins, MS TL: Brazil (ES)
Symbiopsis strenua (Hewitson, 1877) TL: Brazil
Symbiopsis lenitas (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Brazil (MT)
Symbiopsis nivepunctata (H. Druce, 1907) TL: Guyana; Surinam
   
   Subfamily Polyommatinae   
   
Udara blackburni (Tuely, 1878)Hawaiian BlueEndemic to Hawaii; TL: USA (Hi)
Celastrina lucia lucia (W. Kirby, 1837)Lucia AzureTL: Canada (Sk)
Celastrina lucia lumarco Scott, 2006Lucia AzureTL: USA (Co)
Celastrina lucia (C WA segregate)Lucia Azure
Celastrina echo echo (W. H. Edwards, 1864)Pacific AzureTL: USA (Ca)
Celastrina echo nigrescens (Fletcher, 1903)Northwestern AzureTL: Canada (BC)
Celastrina echo sidara (Clench, 1944)Rocky Mountain AzureTL: USA (Co)
Celastrina echo cinerea (W. H. Edwards, 1883)Southwestern AzureTL: USA (Az)
Celastrina echo (BCS segregate)Baja Azure
Celastrina echo gozora (Boisduval, 1870)Mexican AzureTL: Honduras; Mexico
Celastrina ladon (Cramer, 1780)Spring AzureTL: USA (Md)
Celastrina idella D. Wright & Pavulaan, 1999Holly AzureTL: USA (NJ)
Celastrina serotina Pavulaan & D. Wright, 2005Cherry Gall AzureTL: USA (RI)
Celastrina neglecta (W. H. Edwards, 1862)Summer AzureTL: USA (NY)
Celastrina humulus Scott & D. Wright, 1998Hops AzureTL: USA (Co)
Celastrina neglectamajor Opler & Krizek, 1984Appalachian AzureTL: USA (WV)
Celastrina nigra (W. Forbes, 1960)Dusky AzureTL: not specified
Zizina otis otis (Fabricius, 1787)Lesser Grass BlueIntroduced to the Hawaiian Islands; TL: China
Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus, 1767)Pea BlueIntroduced to Hawaii; TL: [Algeria]
Glaucopsyche lygdamus lygdamus (E. Doubleday, 1841)Silvery Bluecostal plains of eastern USA, only a couple of specimens are known; TL: USA (Ga)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus nittanyensis F. Chermock, 1945Silvery Blueapparently distinct from the nominal subspecies in size, maculation and habitat preference; TL: USA (Pa)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus mildredae F. Chermock, 1945Silvery BlueTL: Canada (NS)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus couperi Grote, 1873Silvery BlueTL: Canada (Qc)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus afra (W. H. Edwards, [1884])Silvery BlueTL: Canada (Mb)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus jacki D. Stallings & Turner, 1947Silvery BlueTL: USA (Ks)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus oro (Scudder, 1876)Silvery BlueTL: USA (Co)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus erico R. Holland, 2011 TL: USA (NM)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus ruidoso R. Holland, 2011 TL: USA (NM)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus arizonensis McDunnough, 1936Silvery BlueHypothetical for Sonora, requires confirmation; TL: USA (Az)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus minipunctum Austin, 1998Silvery BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus deserticola Austin & J. Emmel, 1998Silvery BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus australis F. Grinnell, 1917Silvery BlueBaja California Norte; TL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus maritima (Weeks, 1902)Silvery BlueBaja California Sur; TL: Mexico (BCS)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensis E. Perkins & J. Emmel, 1977Silvery BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus sabulosa J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Silvery BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus xerces (Boisduval, 1852)Silvery BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus pseudoxerces J. Emmel & T. Emmel, 1998Silvery BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus incognitus Tilden, 1974Silvery BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche lygdamus orcus (W. H. Edwards, 1869)Silvery BlueTL: [USA (Nv)]
Glaucopsyche lygdamus (Sierra Nevada, high elevations segregate)Silvery Blue
Glaucopsyche lygdamus columbia (Skinner, 1917)Silvery BlueTL: USA (Wa)
Glaucopsyche piasus umbrosa J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Arrowhead BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche piasus sagittigera (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Arrowhead BlueTL: [USA (Ca)]
Glaucopsyche piasus gabrielina J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Arrowhead BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche piasus excubita J. Emmel, T. Emmel & Mattoon, 1998Arrowhead BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche piasus piasus (Boisduval, 1852)Arrowhead BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Glaucopsyche piasus toxeuma F. Brown, 1971Arrowhead BlueTL: Canada (BC)
Glaucopsyche piasus nevada F. Brown, 1975Arrowhead BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Glaucopsyche piasus daunia (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Arrowhead BlueTL: USA (Co)
Philotes sonorensis sonorensis (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)Sonoran BlueTL: [USA (Ca)]
Philotes sonorensis extinctis Mattoni, 1991Sonoran BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Philotes sonorensis (Sierra Nevada segregate)Sonoran BlueSierra Nevada Mts., CA
Euphilotes battoides (high-elevation, C & S Cascades segregate)Square-spotted Blue[on Eriogonum marifolium], C & S Cascades, OR, far N CA
Euphilotes battoides battoides (Behr, 1867)Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes battoides argocyanea Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes battoides mazourka Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes battoides panamintensis Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes battoides allyni (Shields, 1975)Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes battoides vernalis Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes battoides fusimaculata Austin, 1998Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes battoides anasazi Scott, 1998Square-spotted BlueTL: USA (NM)
Euphilotes glaucon glaucon (W. H. Edwards, 1871)Glaucon BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes glaucon oregonensis (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1917)Glaucon BlueTL: USA (Or)
Euphilotes glaucon australoglaucon Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Glaucon BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes glaucon comstocki (Shields, 1975)Glaucon BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes glaucon intermedia (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1917)Glaucon BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes glaucon (Siskiyou segregate)Glaucon Blue[nr. intermedia]
Euphilotes glaucon (W Cascadian segregate)Glaucon BlueW Cascades, Lane Co., OR
Euphilotes glaucon (N Cascades segregate)Glaucon BlueMt. Hood, OR, Mt. Adams, WA, N into WA Cascades
Euphilotes centralis centralis (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1917)Central BlueTL: USA (Co)
Euphilotes centralis hadrochilus Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Central BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes bernardino bernardino (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916)Bernardino BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes bernardino inyomontana Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Bernardino BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes bernardino minuta Austin, 1998Bernardino BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes bernardino martini (Mattoni, 1954)'Martin's' Bernardino BlueHypothetical for Sonora; TL: USA (Az)
Euphilotes bernardino garthi Mattoni, 1989'Cedar Island' Bernardino BlueTL: Mexico (BCN)
Euphilotes ellisii ellisii (Shields, 1975)Ellis' BlueTL: USA (Co)
Euphilotes ellisii basinensis Austin, 1998Ellis' BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes ellisii euromojavensis Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Ellis' BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes ellisii avawatz Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Ellis' BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes baueri baueri (Shields, 1975)Bauer's BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes baueri orientis Austin, 1998Bauer's BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes baueri (far N Great Basin, northward segregate)Bauer's Blue
Euphilotes mojave mojave (F. Watson & W. Comstock, 1920)Mojave BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes mojave virginensis Austin, 1998Mojave BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes stanfordorum Opler & A. Warren, 2009Stanfords' BlueW Colorado, far NW New Mexico, possibly E Utah; on E. ovalifolium; TL: USA (Co)
Euphilotes enoptes enoptes (Boisduval, 1852)Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes aridorum Austin, 1998Dotted BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes enoptes bayensis (Langston, 1964)Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes (N OR Coast Range segregate)Dotted BluePolk Co., OR
Euphilotes enoptes (Siskiyou segregate)Dotted BlueSiskiyou Mts., NW CA, SW OR
Euphilotes enoptes (Cascades, low elevations segregate)Dotted BlueW ORE Cascades below 4000', also SE WA Cascades
Euphilotes enoptes (OR Cascades, high elevations segregate)Dotted BlueORE Cascades above 4000'
Euphilotes enoptes tildeni (Langston, 1964)'Tilden's' Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes arenacola Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998'Sand Dune' Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes smithi (Mattoni, 1954)'Smith's' Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes dammersi (J. A. Comstock & Henne, 1933)'Dammers' Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes cryptorufes Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998 TL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes enoptes opacapulla Austin, 1998Dotted BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes enoptes primavera Austin, 1998Dotted BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes enoptes langstoni (Shields, 1975)'Langston's' Dotted BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes rita rita (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1916)Rita’s BlueTL: USA (Az)
Euphilotes rita (four corners area segregate)Rita’s BlueNW New Mexico, S UT, N AZ
Euphilotes rita coloradensis (Mattoni, [1966])Rita’s BlueTL: USA (Co)
Euphilotes columbiae columbiae (Mattoni, 1954)Columbian BlueTL: USA (Wa)
Euphilotes columbiae (C Oregon segregate)Columbian BlueOchoco Mts, also W Jefferson Co., OR
Euphilotes ancilla barnesi Opler & M. Fisher, 2009Ancilla BlueTL: USA (Co)
Euphilotes ancilla ancilla (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1918)Ancilla BlueTL: USA (Ut)
Euphilotes ancilla (SE OR segregate)Ancilla Blue
Euphilotes ancilla giulianii Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998 TL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes ancilla gilvatunica Austin, 1998Ancilla BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes ancilla shieldsi Austin, 1998Ancilla BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes ancilla purpura Austin, 1998Ancilla BlueN Spring Mts., Clark Co., NV, on E. umbellatum var. juniporinum; TL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes ancilla cryptica Austin & Boyd, 2008 TL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes ancilla pseudointermedia Pratt & J. Emmel, 1998Ancilla BlueTL: USA (Ca)
Euphilotes pallescens emmeli (Shields, 1975)Pallid BlueTL: USA (Ut)
Euphilotes pallescens pallescens (Tilden & Downey, 1955)Pallid BlueTL: USA (Ut)
Euphilotes pallescens mattonii (Shields, 1975)Pallid BlueTL: USA (Nv)
Euphilotes pallescens