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Parides e. echemon (Hübner, [1813])
Type Specimens

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Parides e. echemon (SYNTYPE of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846, TL: Brazil, nom. nud.), [BMNH]
Male. """"spartacus"""" Not sure about this specimen as D.W & M are labeled as original author. Not coincident with any """"spartacus"""" . Photo taken by Blanca Huertas for the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative. Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the Natural History Museum, London.

Parides e. echemon (SYNTYPE of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846, TL: Brazil, nom. nud.), [BMNH]
Male. """"spartacus"""" Not sure about this specimen as D.W & M are labeled as original author. Not coincident with any """"spartacus"""" . Photo taken by Blanca Huertas for the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative. Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the Natural History Museum, London.

Parides e. echemon (SYNTYPE of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846, TL: Brazil, nom. nud.), [BMNH]
Male. """"spartacus"""" Not sure about this specimen as D.W & M are labeled as original author. Not coincident with any """"spartacus"""" . Photo taken by Blanca Huertas for the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative. Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the Natural History Museum, London.

Parides e. echemon (TYPE of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846, TL: Brazil, nom. nud.)
Photo taken by Gerardo Lamas and digitized by the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative.
Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the housing institution.

Parides e. echemon (TYPE of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846, TL: Brazil, nom. nud.)
Photo taken by Gerardo Lamas and digitized by the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative.
Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the housing institution.

Parides e. echemon (TYPE? of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846?TL: Brazil, nom. nud.)
Photo taken by Gerardo Lamas and digitized by the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative.
Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the housing institution.

Parides e. echemon (TYPE? of Papilio spartacus E. Doubleday, 1846?TL: Brazil, nom. nud.)
Photo taken by Gerardo Lamas and digitized by the Tropical Andean Butterfly Diversity Project, funded by the Darwin Initiative.
Any use of this image, except for personal study, requires prior written consent of the housing institution.


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