________________________________ 
Genus   Battus

Battus philenor philenor

(Linnaeus, 1771)

Pipevine Swallowtail

Mexico, S & E USA & Canada

TL: "America"

philenor, Linnean specimen

philenor, Linnean specimen

philenor, Linnean specimen

philenor, Linnean specimen

philenor, Linnean specimen

philenor, Linnean specimen

nezahualcoyotl Strecker 1885 T USA (NM)

nezahualcoyotl Strecker 1885 T USA (NM)

obsoleta Ehrmann 1900 T USA (Pa)

obsoleta Ehrmann 1900 T USA (Pa)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplant

foodplant

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

Battus philenor hirsuta

(Skinner, 1908)

'California' Pipevine Swallowtail

central and northern California

TL: USA (Ca)

hirsuta Skinner 1908 T USA (Ca)

hirsuta Skinner 1908 T USA (Ca)

inghami Gunder 1927 T USA (Ca)

inghami Gunder 1927 T USA (Ca)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

foodplants and habitat

Battus philenor insularis

Vázquez, 1957

'Revillagigedo' Pipevine Swallowtail

Islas Revillagigedo, Colima

TL: Mexico (Col)

insularis Vázquez 1957 HT Mexico (Col)

insularis Vázquez 1957 HT Mexico (Col)

insularis Vázquez 1957 HT Mexico (Col)

insularis Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Col)

insularis Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Col)

specimen

Battus philenor orsua

(Godman & Salvin, 1889)

'Tres Marias' Pipevine Swallowtail

Islas Tres Marias, Nayarit

TL: Mexico (Nay)

orsua Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Nay)

orsua Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Nay)

orsua Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Nay)

orsua Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Nay)

orsua Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Nay)

specimen

specimen

Battus philenor acauda

(Oberthür, 1879)

'Yucatan' Pipevine Swallowtail

Yucatan Peninsula and
surrounding areas

TL: ?

corbis Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Yuc)

corbis Godman & Salvin 1889 T Mexico (Yuc)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Battus devilliersii

(Godart, 1823)

De Villiers' Swallowtail

Cuba, N & S Andros

TL: Cuba

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus zetides

(Munroe, 1971)

Zetides Swallowtail

Hispaniola

TL: Dominican Rep.

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas polydamas

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Polydamas Swallowtail

continental

TL: "America"

polydamas Linnaeus 1758 T "America"

polydamas Linnaeus 1758 T "America"

polydamas Linnaeus 1758 T "America"

polydamas Linnaeus 1758 T "America"

polydamas Linnaeus 1758 T "America"

polydamas Linnaeus 1758 T "America"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

Battus polydamas lucayus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

SE USA & Bahamas

TL: Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PT Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PT Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PT Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PT Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PT Bahamas

lucayus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PT Bahamas

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Battus polydamas cubensis

(Dufrane, 1946)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Cuba & Isla de Juventud

TL: Cuba

cubensis Dufrane 1946 T Cuba

cubensis Dufrane 1946 T Cuba

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas jamaicensis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Jamaica

TL: Jamaica

jamaicensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

jamaicensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

jamaicensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

jamaicensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

jamaicensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas polycrates

(Hopffer, 1865)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Hispaniola

TL: "Brazil (Pa)"

polycrates Hopffer 1865 T "Brazil (Pa)"

polycrates Hopffer 1865 T "Brazil (Pa)"

hypodamas Guenée 1872 T Haiti

hypodamas Guenée 1872 T Haiti

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Battus polydamas thyamus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico,
Culebra

TL: St. Thomas

thyamus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T St. Thomas

thyamus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T St. Thomas

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

Battus polydamas antiquus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Antigua; extinct

TL: Antigua

specimen

Battus polydamas christopheranus

(A. Hall, 1936)

Polydamas Swallowtail

St. Kitts, St. Christopher,
Montserrat, Nevis

TL: St. Kitts

christopheranus Hall 1936 T St. Kitts

christopheranus Hall 1936 T St. Kitts

christopheranus Hall 1936 PT St. Kitts

christopheranus Hall 1936 PT St. Kitts

Battus polydamas neodamas

(Lucas, 1852)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Guadeloupe & Marie-Galante

TL: [Guadeloupe]

neodamas Lucas 1852 T [Guadeloupe]

neodamas Lucas 1852 T [Guadeloupe]

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas dominicus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Dominica

TL: Dominica

dominicus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Dominica

dominicus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Dominica

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas cebriones

(Dalman, 1823)

Polydamas Swallowtail

[= xenodamus]; Martinique

TL: ?

cebriones Dalman 1823 T

cebriones Dalman 1823 T

cebriones Dalman 1823 T

cebriones Dalman 1823 T

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas lucianus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

St. Lucia

TL: St. Lucia

lucianus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T St. Lucia

lucianus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T St. Lucia

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas vincentius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Polydamas Swallowtail

St. Vincent (possibly northern
Grenadines)

TL: St. Vincent

vincentius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T St. Vincent

vincentius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T St. Vincent

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polydamas grenadensis

(A. Hall, 1930)

Polydamas Swallowtail

Grenada, southern Grenadines

TL: Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 T Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 T Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 T Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 T Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 T Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 PT Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 PT Grenada

grenadensis Hall 1930 PT Grenada

live adult

Battus polydamas streckerianus

(Honrath, 1884)



TL: Peru


streckerianus Honrath 1884 T Peru

streckerianus Honrath 1884 T Peru

mathani Oberthür 1892 T Peru

mathani Oberthür 1892 T Peru
Battus polydamas peruanus
(Fuchs, 1954)



TL: Peru

Battus polydamas atahualpa
T. Racheli & Pischedda, 1987



TL: Peru


Battus polydamas weyrauchi

Lamas, 1998



TL: Peru


weyrauchi Lamas 1998 T Peru

weyrauchi Lamas 1998 T Peru

weyrauchi Lamas 1998 T Peru

weyrauchi Lamas 1998 T Peru

Battus polydamas renani

Lamas, 1998



TL: Peru


renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

renani Lamas 1998 T Peru

Battus polydamas psittacus

(J. Molina, 1782)



TL: Chile


archidamas Boisduval 1836 T Chile

archidamas Boisduval 1836 T Chile

archidamas Boisduval 1836 T Chile

archidamas Boisduval 1836 T Chile

lindeni Ehrmann 1926 T "Argentina"

lindeni Ehrmann 1926 T "Argentina"

Battus madyes adloni

(Ehrmann, 1926)



TL: Ecuador


adloni Ehrmann 1926 T Ecuador

adloni Ehrmann 1926 T Ecuador

Battus madyes philetas

(Hewitson, 1869)



TL: Ecuador


philetas Hewitson 1869 T Ecuador

philetas Hewitson 1869 T Ecuador
Battus madyes lojaensis
Möhn, 1999



TL: Ecuador


Battus madyes magnimacula

(Joicey & Talbot, 1925)



TL: Peru


magnimacula Joicey & Talbot 1925 T Peru

magnimacula Joicey & Talbot 1925 T Peru

magnimacula Joicey & Talbot 1925 PT Peru

magnimacula Joicey & Talbot 1925 PT Peru

magnimacula Joicey & Talbot 1925 PT Peru

Battus madyes plinius

(Weymer, 1890)



TL: Peru


plinius Weymer 1890 T Peru

plinius Weymer 1890 T Peru

fabius Biedermann 1935 T "Colombia"

fabius Biedermann 1935 T "Colombia"

Battus madyes buechei

Lamas, 1998



TL: Peru


buechei Lamas 1998 T Peru

buechei Lamas 1998 T Peru
Battus madyes callangaensis
Möhn, 2001



TL: Peru


Battus madyes chlorodamas

(Guenée, 1872)



TL: Peru


marsyas Staudinger 1894 T Peru

marsyas Staudinger 1894 T Peru

Battus madyes montebanus

(Dyar, 1913)



TL: Peru


montebanus Dyar 1913 T Peru

montebanus Dyar 1913 T Peru

Battus madyes crispatus

Lamas, 2001



TL: Peru


crispus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

crispus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

Battus madyes madyes

(E. Doubleday, 1846)



TL: Bolivia


madyes Doubleday 1846 T Bolivia

madyes Doubleday 1846 T Bolivia

Battus madyes tucumanus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)



TL: Argentina


tucumanus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Argentina

tucumanus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Argentina

Battus eracon

(Godman & Salvin, 1897)

West-Mexican Swallowtail

W Mexico

TL: Mexico (Col)

eracon Godman & Salvin 1897 T Mexico (Col)

eracon Godman & Salvin 1897 T Mexico (Col)

ochracea Vázquez 1953 T Mexico (Mich)

ochracea Vázquez 1953 T Mexico (Mich)

incolorus Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Jal)

incolorus Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Jal)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Battus polystictus galenus

(Fruhstorfer, 1907)



TL: "Surinam"


galenus Fruhstorfer 1907 T "Surinam"

galenus Fruhstorfer 1907 T "Surinam"

janira Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (RJ)

janira Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (RJ)

Battus polystictus polystictus

(A. Butler, 1874)



TL: Brazil (RS)


polystictus Butler 1874 T Brazil (RS)

polystictus Butler 1874 T Brazil (RS)

Battus laodamas iopas

(Godman & Salvin, 1897)

Green-patch Swallowtail

W Mexico

TL: Mexico (Col)

iopas Godman & Salvin 1897 T Mexico (Col)

iopas Godman & Salvin 1897 T Mexico (Col)

procas Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Nay)

procas Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Nay)

ochracea Vázquez 1953 T Mexico (Mich)

ochracea Vázquez 1953 T Mexico (Mich)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Battus laodamas copanae

(Reakirt, 1863)

Green-patch Swallowtail

E Mexico to N Costa Rica

TL: Guatemala

copanae Reakirt 1863 T Guatemala

copanae Reakirt 1863 T Guatemala

chromealus Ehrmann 1912 T Honduras

chromealus Ehrmann 1912 T Honduras

chromealus Ehrmann 1912 T Honduras

chromealus Ehrmann 1912 T Honduras

ochracea Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Ver)

ochracea Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Ver)

media Vázquez 1953 T Mexico (Ver)

media Vázquez 1953 T Mexico (Ver)

iopanae Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Oax)

iopanae Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Oax)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Battus laodamas rhipidius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Green-patch Swallowtail

Costa Rica to Panama

TL: Costa Rica

rhipidius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Costa Rica

rhipidius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Costa Rica

specimen

specimen

Battus laodamas laodamas

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)



TL: Colombia


laodamas Felder & Felder 1859 ST Colombia

laodamas Felder & Felder 1859 ST Colombia

laodamas Felder & Felder 1859 ST Colombia

laodamas Felder & Felder 1859 T Colombia

laodamas Felder & Felder 1859 T Colombia

Battus ingenuus

(Dyar, 1907)

Dyar's Swallowtail

SE Mexico to E Venezuela,
Trinidad, and Ecuador

TL: Mexico (Ver)

ingenuus Dyar 1907 T Mexico (Ver)

ingenuus Dyar 1907 T Mexico (Ver)

latinus Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

latinus Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

chrysomaculatus Niepelt 1915 T Ecuador

chrysomaculatus Niepelt 1915 T Ecuador

camposia Schaus 1928 T Ecuador

camposia Schaus 1928 T Ecuador

ochracea Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Chia)

ochracea Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Chia)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Battus lycidas

(Cramer, 1777)

Cramer's Swallowtail

SE Mexico to N Bolivia and S
Pará, Brazil

TL: Surinam

lycidas Cramer 1777 T Surinam

lycidas Cramer 1777 T Surinam

erymanthus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

erymanthus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Battus belus varus

(Kollar, 1850)



TL: Colombia


varus Kollar 1850 T Colombia

varus Kollar 1850 T Colombia

amazonis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

amazonis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

chalceus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

chalceus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

heteropterus Zikán 1937 T Brazil (Am)

heteropterus Zikán 1937 T Brazil (Am)

Battus belus belus

(Cramer, 1777)



TL: Surinam


belus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

belus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

numitor Cramer 1777 T Surinam

numitor Cramer 1777 T Surinam

numitor Cramer 1777 T Surinam

numitor Cramer 1777 T Surinam

caburi Kaye 1906 T Guyana

caburi Kaye 1906 T Guyana
Battus belus aureochloris
K. Brown, 1994



TL: Brazil (Pa)


Battus belus belemus

(H. Bates, 1864)



TL: Brazil (Pa)


belemus Bates 1864 T Brazil (Pa)

belemus Bates 1864 T Brazil (Pa)

Battus belus cochabamba

(Weeks, 1901)



TL: Bolivia


cochabamba Weeks 1901 T Bolivia

cochabamba Weeks 1901 T Bolivia

gastoni Talbot 1932 T Peru

gastoni Talbot 1932 T Peru

Battus crassus lepidus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)

Crassus Swallowtail

Costa Rica to E Venezuela and W
Ecuador

TL: Venezuela

lepidus Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

lepidus Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

Battus crassus crassus

(Cramer, 1777)



TL: Surinam


crassus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

crassus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

ambigua Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Brazil (RJ)

ambigua Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Brazil (RJ)

flavus Fernández 1932 T Peru

flavus Fernández 1932 T Peru

Battus crassus hirundo

(Röber, 1925)



TL: Bolivia


hirundo Röber 1925 T Bolivia

hirundo Röber 1925 T Bolivia

Battus crassus paraensis

K. Brown, 1994



TL: Brazil (Pa)


paraensis Brown 1994 PLT Brazil (Pa)

paraensis Brown 1994 PLT Brazil (Pa)

paraensis Brown 1994 PLT Brazil (Pa)

paraensis Brown 1994 PLT Brazil (Pa)

paraensis Brown 1994 PLT Brazil (Pa)

paraensis Brown 1994 PLT Brazil (Pa)