________________________________ 
Tribe Papilionini   —  

Heraclides hyppason

(Cramer, 1775)



TL: Surinam


hyppason Cramer 1775 T Surinam

hyppason Cramer 1775 T Surinam

amosis Cramer 1780 T Surinam

amosis Cramer 1780 T Surinam

paraensis Bates 1861 T Brazil (Pa)

paraensis Bates 1861 T Brazil (Pa)

hippasonides Grose-Smith 1902 HT Bolivia

hippasonides Grose-Smith 1902 HT Bolivia

hippasonides Grose-Smith 1902 HT Bolivia

hippasonides Grose-Smith 1902 T Bolivia

hippasonides Grose-Smith 1902 T Bolivia

ptilion Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Peru

ptilion Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Peru

ptilion Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Peru

ptilion Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

ptilion Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

rousseau-decellei Le Moult 1933 T Venezuela

rousseau-decellei Le Moult 1933 T Venezuela

unimacula Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Peru

unimacula Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Peru

Heraclides chiansiades
dospassosi

(Rütimeyer, 1969)



TL: Colombia


dospassosi Rütimeyer 1969 T Colombia

dospassosi Rütimeyer 1969 T Colombia

Heraclides chiansiades
chiansiades

(Westwood, 1872)



TL: Ecuador


chiansiades Westwood 1872 ST Ecuador

chiansiades Westwood 1872 ST Ecuador

chiansiades Westwood 1872 ST Ecuador

chiansiades Westwood 1872 T Ecuador

chiansiades Westwood 1872 T Ecuador

Heraclides chiansiades maroni

(Moreau, 1923)



TL: French Guiana


maroni Moreau 1923 T French Guiana

maroni Moreau 1923 T French Guiana

Heraclides chiansiades mossi

K. Brown, 1994



TL: Brazil (Pa)


mossi Brown 1994 T Brazil (Pa)

mossi Brown 1994 T Brazil (Pa)

Heraclides isidorus rhodostictus

(A. Butler & H. Druce, 1874)

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

Costa Rica & W Panama

TL: Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 HT Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 HT Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 HT Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 T Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 T Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 T Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 T Costa Rica

rhodostictus Butler & Druce 1874 T Costa Rica

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Heraclides isidorus pacificus

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

E Panama to Ecuador

TL: Colombia

pacificus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

pacificus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

pacificus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

pacificus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

pacificus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides isidorus nymphius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

TL: Colombia


nymphius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

nymphius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

nymphius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

nymphius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

nymphius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

metrobates Ehrmann 1919 T Colombia

metrobates Ehrmann 1919 T Colombia

Heraclides isidorus brises

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

TL: Colombia


brises Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

brises Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

brises Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia

brises Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

brises Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

Heraclides isidorus autana

T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

TL: Venezuela


specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides isidorus flavescens

(Oberthür, 1879)

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

TL: Colombia


flavescens Oberthür 1879 HT Colombia

flavescens Oberthür 1879 HT Colombia

flavescens Oberthür 1879 HT Colombia

flavescens Oberthür 1879 T Colombia

flavescens Oberthür 1879 T Colombia

Heraclides isidorus isidorus

(E. Doubleday, 1846)

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

TL: Bolivia


isidorus Doubleday 1846 HT Bolivia

isidorus Doubleday 1846 HT Bolivia

isidorus Doubleday 1846 HT Bolivia

isidorus Doubleday 1846 T Bolivia

isidorus Doubleday 1846 T Bolivia

chironis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T "Panama"

chironis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T "Panama"
Heraclides isidorus tingo
T. Racheli & L. Racheli, 1995

Ruby-patched Swallowtail

TL: Peru


Heraclides anchisiades idaeus

(Fabricius, 1793)

Ruby-spotted Swallowtail

Texas to Colombia & NW Venezuela

TL: "Madras"

pandion Bates 1863 T Panama

pandion Bates 1863 T Panama

pandion Felder & Felder 1865 T Mexico

pandion Felder & Felder 1865 T Mexico

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides anchisiades lamasi

K. Brown, 1994

Ruby-spotted Swallowtail

TL: Ecuador


lamasi Brown 1994 T Ecuador

lamasi Brown 1994 T Ecuador

lamasi Brown 1994 T Ecuador

lamasi Brown 1994 T Ecuador

Heraclides anchisiades
philastrius

(Fruhstorfer, 1915)

Ruby-spotted Swallowtail

TL: Trinidad


philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 ST Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 ST Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 ST Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 ST Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 ST Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 ST Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 T Trinidad

philastrius Fruhstorfer 1915 T Trinidad

Heraclides anchisiades
anchisiades

(Esper, 1788)

Ruby-spotted Swallowtail

TL: Surinam


anchisiades Esper 1788 LT Surinam

anchisiades Esper 1788 LT Surinam

anchisiades Esper 1788 LT Surinam

theramenes Felder & Felder 1861 ST Venezuela

theramenes Felder & Felder 1861 ST Venezuela

theramenes Felder & Felder 1861 ST Venezuela

theramenes Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

theramenes Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

matusiki Johnson & Rozycki 1986 T Venezuela

matusiki Johnson & Rozycki 1986 T Venezuela

anchisiades Esper 1788 OI Surinam

anchisiades Esper 1788 OI Surinam
Heraclides anchisiades capys
(Hübner, [1809])

Ruby-spotted Swallowtail

TL: ?


Heraclides rogeri pharnaces

(E. Doubleday, 1846)

Pink-spotted Swallowtail

S Texas, most of Mexico, to NW
Guatemala

TL: "South America"

phanostratus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Ver)

phanostratus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Ver)

polycharmus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Sin)

polycharmus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Sin)

paucimaculata Vázquez 1947 T Mexico (Gua)

paucimaculata Vázquez 1947 T Mexico (Gua)

dissimilis Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Chia)

dissimilis Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Chia)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides rogeri rogeri

(Boisduval, 1836)

Pink-spotted Swallowtail

Yucatan Peninsula and
surrounding areas

TL: Mexico (Yuc)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Heraclides epenetus

(Hewitson, 1861)



TL: Ecuador


epenetus Hewitson 1861 HT Ecuador

epenetus Hewitson 1861 HT Ecuador

epenetus Hewitson 1861 HT Ecuador

epenetus Hewitson 1861 T Ecuador

epenetus Hewitson 1861 T Ecuador

Heraclides erostratus
erostratinus

(Vázquez, 1947)

Erostratus Swallowtail

E Mexico

TL: Mexico (Pue)

erostratinus Vázquez 1947 T Mexico (Pue)

erostratinus Vázquez 1947 T Mexico (Pue)

erostratinus Vázquez 1947 AT Mexico (Pue)

erostratinus Vázquez 1947 AT Mexico (Pue)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Heraclides erostratus vazquezae

(Beutelspacher, 1986)

Erostratus Swallowtail

SW Mexico

TL: Mexico (Gue)

vazquezae Beutelspacher 1986 HT Mexico (Gue)

vazquezae Beutelspacher 1986 HT Mexico (Gue)

vazquezae Beutelspacher 1986 T Mexico (Gue)

vazquezae Beutelspacher 1986 T Mexico (Gue)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

habitat

habitat

habitat

Heraclides erostratus erostratus

(Westwood, 1847)

Erostratus Swallowtail

Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador

TL: "Central America"

rhetus Gray [1853] HT Guatemala

rhetus Gray [1853] HT Guatemala

rhetus Gray [1853] HT Guatemala

rhetus Gray [1853] T Guatemala

rhetus Gray [1853] T Guatemala

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides oxynius

(Geyer, [1827])

Oxynius Swallowtail

Cuba

TL: Cuba

ochracea Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Cuba

ochracea Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Cuba

niveomarginatus Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Cuba

niveomarginatus Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Cuba

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides pelaus atkinsi

(M. Bates, 1935)

Caribbean Swallowtail

Cuba

TL: Cuba

atkinsi Bates 1935 T Cuba

atkinsi Bates 1935 T Cuba

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides pelaus pelaus

(Fabricius, 1775)

Caribbean Swallowtail

Jamaica

TL: "India"

pelaus Fabricius 1775 T "India"

pelaus Fabricius 1775 T "India"

pelaus Fabricius 1775 T "India"

pelaus Fabricius 1775 T "India"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides pelaus imerius

(Godart, 1819)

Caribbean Swallowtail

Hispaniola & Puerto Rico

TL: "East Indies"

imerius Godart 1819 T "East Indies"

imerius Godart 1819 T "East Indies"

imerius Godart 1819 T "East Indies"

imerius Godart 1819 T "East Indies"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult
Heraclides pelaus puertoricensis
Möhn, 1999



TL: Puerto Rico


Heraclides garleppi interruptus

(Staudinger, 1892)



TL: Brazil (Am); Peru


interruptus Staudinger 1892 T Brazil (Am);Peru

interruptus Staudinger 1892 T Brazil (Am);Peru

Heraclides garleppi lecerfi

K. Brown & Lamas, 1994



TL: French Guiana


insidiosus Le Cerf 1923 T French Guiana

insidiosus Le Cerf 1923 T French Guiana

insidiosus Le Cerf 1923 T French Guiana

insidiosus Le Cerf 1923 T French Guiana

Heraclides garleppi garleppi

(Staudinger, 1892)



TL: Bolivia


garleppi Staudinger 1892 T Bolivia

garleppi Staudinger 1892 T Bolivia

Heraclides torquatus mazai

(Beutelspacher, 1977)

Torquatus Swallowtail

W Mexico to W El Salvador

TL: Mexico (Jal)

mazai Beutelspacher 1977 HT Mexico (Jal)

mazai Beutelspacher 1977 HT Mexico (Jal)

mazai Beutelspacher 1977 T Mexico (Jal)

mazai Beutelspacher 1977 T Mexico (Jal)

semimaculata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Gue)

semimaculata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Gue)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides torquatus atsukoae

(Okano, 1985)

Torquatus Swallowtail

southern Veracruz to E El
Salvador

TL: El Salvador

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Heraclides torquatus tolus

(Godman & Salvin, 1890)

Torquatus Swallowtail

NE Mexico to C Veracruz

TL: Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

tolus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Tam)

maculata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Ver)

maculata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Ver)

semipunctata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Gue;Ver)

semipunctata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Gue;Ver)

semipunctata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Gue;Ver)

semipunctata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Gue;Ver)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Heraclides torquatus tolmides

(Godman & Salvin, 1890)

Torquatus Swallowtail

Guatemala to Panama

TL: Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 HT Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 HT Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 HT Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

tolmides Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides torquatus jeani

K. Brown & Lamas, 1994

Torquatus Swallowtail

TL: Colombia


orchamus Boisduval 1836 T Colombia

orchamus Boisduval 1836 T Colombia

Heraclides torquatus leptalea

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Torquatus Swallowtail

TL: Ecuador


leptalea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Ecuador

leptalea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Ecuador

leptalea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Ecuador

leptalea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Ecuador

leptalea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Ecuador

Heraclides torquatus torquatus

(Cramer, 1777)

Torquatus Swallowtail

TL: Surinam


torquatus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

torquatus Cramer 1777 T Surinam

patros Gray [1853] HT Brazil (Am)

patros Gray [1853] HT Brazil (Am)

patros Gray [1853] HT Brazil (Am)

patros Gray [1853] T Brazil (Am)

patros Gray [1853] T Brazil (Am)

flavida Oberthür 1879 T Brazil (Am)

flavida Oberthür 1879 T Brazil (Am)

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

theras Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Surinam;"Upper Amazon"

cleolas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Bolivia

cleolas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Bolivia

cleolas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Bolivia

cleolas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Bolivia

cleolas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Bolivia

dubia Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T

dubia Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T

modestus Röber 1927 T Brazil (Am)

modestus Röber 1927 T Brazil (Am)

xanthica Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Peru

xanthica Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Peru

Heraclides torquatus polybius

(Swainson, 1823)

Torquatus Swallowtail

TL: Brazil (MG)


polybius Swainson 1823 T Brazil (MG)

polybius Swainson 1823 T Brazil (MG)

tasso Staudinger [1884] T "Brazil?"

tasso Staudinger [1884] T "Brazil?"

tasso Staudinger [1884] TI "Brazil?"

Heraclides hectorides

(Esper, 1794)



TL: "East Indies"


hectorides Esper 1794 T "East Indies"

hectorides Esper 1794 T "East Indies"

torquatinus Esper 1799 T "Surinam"

torquatinus Esper 1799 T "Surinam"

lysithous Godart 1819 T Brazil

lysithous Godart 1819 T Brazil

mezentius Doubleday 1844 T "America"

mezentius Doubleday 1844 T "America"

melania Oberthür 1879 T Brazil

melania Oberthür 1879 T Brazil

catamelas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil ([SC])

catamelas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil ([SC])

agordus Fruhstorfer 1915 T Paraguay

agordus Fruhstorfer 1915 T Paraguay

lysirte Fruhstorfer 1915 T Brazil (SC;RS)

lysirte Fruhstorfer 1915 T Brazil (SC;RS)

Heraclides himeros baia

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)



TL: Brazil (Ba)


baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Brazil (Ba)

baia Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Brazil (Ba)

Heraclides himeros himeros

(Hopffer, 1865)



TL: Brazil


himeros Hopffer 1865 T Brazil

himeros Hopffer 1865 T Brazil

mentor Boisduval 1836 T Brazil

mentor Boisduval 1836 T Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 HT Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 HT Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 HT Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 HT Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 HT Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 HT Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 T Brazil

herodotus Oberthür 1879 T Brazil

tasso Staudinger [1884] T "Brazil?"

tasso Staudinger [1884] T "Brazil?"

Heraclides lamarchei

(Staudinger, 1892)



TL: Bolivia


lamarchei Staudinger 1892 T Bolivia

lamarchei Staudinger 1892 T Bolivia

Heraclides androgeus epidaurus

(Godman & Salvin, 1890)

Androgeus Swallowtail

Greater Antilles (minus
Jamaica), E Mexico to W Ecuador

TL: Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 ST Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Ver)

epidaurus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Mexico (Ver)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides androgeus reyesorum

Vargas, Llorente & Luis, 2013

Androgeus Swallowtail

W Mexico

TL: Mexico (Nay)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Heraclides androgeus androgeus

(Cramer, 1775)

Androgeus Swallowtail

TL: Surinam


bagous Fruhstorfer 1907 T Brazil (Am)

bagous Fruhstorfer 1907 T Brazil (Am)

feyeri Niepelt 1924 T Ecuador

feyeri Niepelt 1924 T Ecuador

decellei Krüger 1934 T Brazil (Am)

decellei Krüger 1934 T Brazil (Am)

Heraclides androgeus laodocus

(Fabricius, 1793)

Androgeus Swallowtail

TL: Brazil


limbatus Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Paraguay

limbatus Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Paraguay

Heraclides thersites

(Fabricius, 1775)

False Androgeus Swallowtail

Jamaica

TL: "America"

thersites Fabricius 1775 T "America"

thersites Fabricius 1775 T "America"

palamedes Fabricius 1775 T "America"

palamedes Fabricius 1775 T "America"

palamedes Fabricius 1775 T "America"

palamedes Fabricius 1775 T "America"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Heraclides astyalus hippomedon

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859)

Broad-banded Swallowtail

Panama, Colombia, E to Guianas &
S to mid-Amazon

TL: ?

hippomedon Felder & Felder 1859 T

hippomedon Felder & Felder 1859 T

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 LT Colombia

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 LT Colombia

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 LT Colombia

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 T Colombia

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 T Colombia

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 T Colombia

theophron Felder & Felder 1865 T Colombia

iraidari Lichy 1960 T Venezuela

iraidari Lichy 1960 T Venezuela

taini Lichy 1960 T Venezuela

taini Lichy 1960 T Venezuela

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Heraclides astyalus phanias

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)



TL: Ecuador


phanias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Ecuador

phanias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Ecuador

phanias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Ecuador

phanias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Ecuador

phanias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Ecuador

Heraclides astyalus astyalus

(Godart, 1819)



TL: Brazil


astyalus Godart 1819 T Brazil

astyalus Godart 1819 T Brazil

mentor Dalman 1823 T Brazil

mentor Dalman 1823 T Brazil

mentor Dalman 1823 T Brazil

mentor Dalman 1823 T Brazil

pirithous Boisduval 1836 T "Cuba";[Brazil]

pirithous Boisduval 1836 T "Cuba";[Brazil]

pirithous Boisduval 1836 PT "Cuba";[Brazil]

pirithous Boisduval 1836 PT "Cuba";[Brazil]

pirithous Boisduval 1836 PT "Cuba";[Brazil]

oebalus Boisduval 1836 T [Brazil]

oebalus Boisduval 1836 T [Brazil]

drepanon Fruhstorfer 1907 T Brazil (RS)

drepanon Fruhstorfer 1907 T Brazil (RS)

paulina Krüger 1934 T Brazil (SP;MG)

paulina Krüger 1934 T Brazil (SP;MG)

thersitoides Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Argentina

thersitoides Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Argentina

suffusa Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Paraguay

suffusa Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Paraguay

Heraclides anchicayaensis

Constantino, Le Crom & Salazar,
2002



TL: Colombia


anchicayaensis Constantino et al. 2002 HT Colombia

anchicayaensis Constantino et al. 2002 HT Colombia

anchicayaensis Constantino et al. 2002 AT Colombia

anchicayaensis Constantino et al. 2002 AT Colombia

Heraclides pallas pallas

(G. Gray, [1853])

Broad-banded Swallowtail

S Texas, E Mexico to N Costa
Rica

TL: Mexico

pallas Gray [1853] T Mexico

pallas Gray [1853] T Mexico

hozaus Ehrmann 1921 T Costa Rica

hozaus Ehrmann 1921 T Costa Rica

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

aberration

aberration

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides pallas bajaensis

(J. Brown & Faulkner, 1992)

Broad-banded Swallowtail

W Mexico

TL: Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

occidentalis Brown & Faulkner 1984 PT Mexico (BCS)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

habitat

Heraclides ornythion ornythion

(Boisduval, 1836)

Ornythion Swallowtail

S Texas, E Mexico to Honduras

TL: Mexico (Yuc)

ornythion Boisduval 1836 TI Mexico (Yuc)

ornythion Boisduval 1836 TI Mexico (Yuc)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

Heraclides ornythion

(W Mexican segregate)

Ornythion Swallowtail

S Arizona, W Mexico


specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

habitat

habitat

habitat

Heraclides aristodemus ponceana

(Schaus, 1911)

Schaus' Swallowtail

S Florida & northern Bahamas

TL: USA (Fl)

ponceana Schaus 1911 T USA (Fl)

ponceana Schaus 1911 T USA (Fl)

driophilus Clench 1979 T Bahamas

driophilus Clench 1979 T Bahamas

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

foodplants and habitat

Heraclides aristodemus majasi

L. Miller, 1987

Schaus' Swallowtail

Crooked & Acklin islands,
central Bahamas

TL: Bahamas

majasi Miller 1987 T Bahamas

majasi Miller 1987 T Bahamas

majasi Miller 1987 PT Bahamas

majasi Miller 1987 PT Bahamas

majasi Miller 1987 PT Bahamas

specimen

specimen

Heraclides aristodemus
bjorndalae

(Clench, 1979)

Schaus' Swallowtail

Mayaguana, Turks & Caicos &
Inagua islands

TL: Bahamas

bjorndalae Clench 1979 T Bahamas

bjorndalae Clench 1979 T Bahamas

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides aristodemus temenes

(Godart, 1819)

Schaus' Swallowtail

Cuba

TL: "Antilles"; "North America"

temenes Godart 1819 T "Antilles";"North America"

temenes Godart 1819 T "Antilles";"North America"

temenes Godart 1819 T "Antilles";"North America"

temenes Godart 1819 T "Antilles";"North America"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

Heraclides aristodemus
aristodemus

(Esper, 1794)

Schaus' Swallowtail

Hispaniola, Mona, Puerto Rico

TL: [Haiti]

aristodemus Esper 1794 T [Haiti]

aristodemus Esper 1794 T [Haiti]

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Heraclides thoas autocles

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Thoas Swallowtail

Texas to Panama

TL: Mexico (Gue)

autocles Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

autocles Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

nigro-caudata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Chia;Ver)

nigro-caudata Vázquez 1949 T Mexico (Chia;Ver)

nigrimarginata Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Ver)

nigrimarginata Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Ver)

ochracea Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Chia)

ochracea Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Chia)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides thoas nealces

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Thoas Swallowtail

Panama to Venezuela, Colombia, W
Ecuador, far NW Peru

TL: Colombia

nealces Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

nealces Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides thoas thoas

(Linnaeus, 1771)

Thoas Swallowtail

TL: Surinam


thoas Linnaeus 1771 OD Surinam

thoas Linnaeus 1771 TI Surinam

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

text

Heraclides thoas cinyras

(Ménétriés, 1857)

Thoas Swallowtail

TL: "Brazil (Ba)"


chamadus Fruhstorfer 1907 T Bolivia

chamadus Fruhstorfer 1907 T Bolivia

ridens Fassl 1915 T Bolivia

ridens Fassl 1915 T Bolivia

Heraclides thoas brasiliensis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Thoas Swallowtail

TL: Brazil (RJ)


brasiliensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (RJ)

brasiliensis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (RJ)

impunctata Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Brazil

impunctata Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Brazil

completa Dufrane 1946 T Brazil

completa Dufrane 1946 T Brazil

reducta Dufrane 1946 T Brazil

reducta Dufrane 1946 T Brazil

Heraclides thoas thoantiades

(Burmeister, 1878)

Thoas Swallowtail

TL: Argentina


thoantiades Burmeister 1878 T Argentina

thoantiades Burmeister 1878 T Argentina

ochracea Giacomelli 1927 T Argentina

ochracea Giacomelli 1927 T Argentina

Heraclides oviedo

(Gundlach, 1866)

Cuban King Swallowtail

Cuba

TL: Cuba

oviedo Gundlach 1866 T Cuba

oviedo Gundlach 1866 T Cuba

oviedo Gundlach 1866 T Cuba

oviedo Gundlach 1866 T Cuba

oviedo Gundlach 1866 T Cuba

epithoas Oberthür 1897 T "Mexico"

epithoas Oberthür 1897 T "Mexico"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides homothoas

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

False Giant Swallowtail

Costa Rica, Panama, N Colombia,
N Venezuela, Trinidad

TL: Venezuela

homothoas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Venezuela

homothoas Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Venezuela

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

immatures

immatures

Heraclides rumiko

Shiraiwa & Grishin, 2014

Western Giant Swallowtail

southwestern US: California to
Texas, south to Panama

TL: USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 HT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 HT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 HT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

rumiko Shiraiwa & Grishin 2014 PT USA (Tx)

melanurus Hoffmann 1940 T Mexico (Gue)

melanurus Hoffmann 1940 T Mexico (Gue)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

Heraclides cresphontes

(Cramer, 1777)

Eastern Giant Swallowtail

eastern US: Canada to Texas,
introductions to Cuba

TL: USA (NY)

cresphontes Cramer 1777 NT USA (NY)

cresphontes Cramer 1777 NT USA (NY)

cresphontes Cramer 1777 NT USA (NY)

luxuriosa Reiff 1911 T USA ([Mi])

luxuriosa Reiff 1911 T USA ([Mi])

maxwelli Franck 1919 HT [USA (Fl)]

maxwelli Franck 1919 HT [USA (Fl)]

maxwelli Franck 1919 HT [USA (Fl)]

maxwelli Franck 1919 HT [USA (Fl)]

maxwelli Franck 1919 T [USA (Fl)]

maxwelli Franck 1919 T [USA (Fl)]

forsythae Gunder 1933 T USA (Fl)

forsythae Gunder 1933 T USA (Fl)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 T USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 T USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 PT USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 PT USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 PT USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 PT USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 PT USA (Pa)

pennsylvanicus Chermock & Chermock 1945 PT USA (Pa)

lurida Schultz 1908 OD "North America"

intacta Strand 1918 OD

maxwelli Franck 1919 OD [USA (Fl)]

forsythae Gunder 1933 OD USA (Fl)

intacta Strand 1918 TI

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

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specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

maxwelli Franck 1919 Txt [USA (Fl)]

Heraclides melonius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Jamaican Giant Swallowtail

Jamaica

TL: Jamaica

melonius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

melonius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Jamaica

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

Heraclides paeon thrason

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865)

Straight-banded Swallowtail

Yucatan Peninsula to N Venezuela
and W Peru

TL: Venezuela; Colombia

thrason Felder & Felder 1865 T Venezuela;Colombia

thrason Felder & Felder 1865 T Venezuela;Colombia

thrason Felder & Felder 1865 T Venezuela;Colombia

thrason Felder & Felder 1865 T Venezuela;Colombia

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

Heraclides paeon paeon

(Boisduval, 1836)

Straight-banded Swallowtail

TL: "Chile"


paeon Boisduval 1836 T "Chile"

paeon Boisduval 1836 T "Chile"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides paeon escomeli

(T. Cockerell, 1927)

Straight-banded Swallowtail

TL: Peru


escomeli Cockerell 1927 T Peru

escomeli Cockerell 1927 T Peru

escomeli Cockerell 1927 T Peru

escomeli Cockerell 1927 T Peru

escomeli Cockerell 1927 T Peru

escomeli Cockerell 1927 OD Peru

Heraclides aristor

(Godart, 1819)

Scarce Hispaniolan Swallowtail

Hispaniola

TL: ?

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides caiguanabus

(Poey, [1852])

Poey's Swallowtail

Cuba

TL: Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] T Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] PT Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] PT Cuba

caiguanabus Poey [1852] PT Cuba

numicus Hopffer 1856 T Cuba

numicus Hopffer 1856 T Cuba

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides andraemon bonhotei

(Sharpe, 1900)

Bahamian Swallowtail

S Florida & Bahamas

TL: Bahamas; "Honduras"

bonhotei Sharpe 1900 T Bahamas;"Honduras"

bonhotei Sharpe 1900 T Bahamas;"Honduras"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides andraemon andraemon

Hübner, [1823]

Bahamian Swallowtail

Cuba, Little Cayman & Cayman
Brac, Jamaica

TL: ?

andraemon Hübner [1823] OI

andraemon Hübner [1823] OI

andraemon Hübner [1823] OI

andraemon Hübner [1823] OI

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides andraemon tailori

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Bahamian Swallowtail

Grand Cayman

TL: Cayman Islands

tailori Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Cayman Islands

tailori Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Cayman Islands

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Heraclides machaonides

(Esper, 1796)

Machaonides Swallowtail

Hispaniola

TL: Haiti

machaonides Esper 1796 T Haiti

machaonides Esper 1796 T Haiti

lycoraeus Godart 1819 T "America"

lycoraeus Godart 1819 T "America"

lycoraeus Godart 1819 T "America"

lycoraeus Godart 1819 T "America"

machaonides Esper 1796 OI Haiti

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

Heraclides peleides

(Esper, 1793)

Mysterious Swallowtail

TL: "Indien?"


peleides Esper 1793 OI "Indien?"

Pterourus esperanza

(Beutelspacher, 1975)

Esperanza Swallowtail

N Oaxaca

TL: Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 HT Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 HT Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 HT Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 T Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 T Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 T Mexico (Oax)

esperanza Beutelspacher 1975 T Mexico (Oax)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus palamedes palamedes

(Drury, 1773)

Palamedes Swallowtail

SE USA

TL: USA ("Carolina")

chalcas Fabricius 1775 T "America"

chalcas Fabricius 1775 T "America"

chalcas Fabricius 1775 T "America"

chalcas Fabricius 1775 T "America"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

chalcas, Linnean specimen

chalcas, Linnean specimen

chalcas, Linnean specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

Pterourus palamedes leontis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Palamedes Swallowtail

NE Mexico

TL: Mexico (NL)

leontis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (NL)

leontis Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (NL)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

habitat

Pterourus troilus troilus

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Spicebush Swallowtail

E USA & SE Canada

TL: [USA (SC)]

troilus Linnaeus 1758 NT [USA (SC)]

troilus Linnaeus 1758 NT [USA (SC)]

troilus Linnaeus 1758 NT [USA (SC)]

ilioneus Smith 1797 NT USA (Ga)

ilioneus Smith 1797 NT USA (Ga)

ilioneus Smith 1797 NT USA (Ga)

texanus Ehrmann 1900 T USA ([Fl])

texanus Ehrmann 1900 T USA ([Fl])

flava Dufrane 1946 T USA (Pa)

flava Dufrane 1946 T USA (Pa)

addenda Dufrane 1946 T USA (Pa)

addenda Dufrane 1946 T USA (Pa)

obliterata Dufrane 1946 T USA

berioi Dufrane 1946 T USA (Pa)

berioi Dufrane 1946 T USA (Pa)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

Linnean specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

historical specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

Pterourus troilus
fakahatcheensis

Gatrelle, 2000

Spicebush Swallowtail

S Florida

TL: USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 HT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 HT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 HT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 AT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 AT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 AT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

fakahatcheensis Gatrelle 2000 PT USA (Fl)

specimen

specimen

Pterourus pilumnus

(Boisduval, 1836)

Three-tailed Tiger Swallowtail

S USA (as stray), Mexico to
Guatemala

TL: Mexico ([Oax])

pilumnus Boisduval 1836 T Mexico ([Oax])

pilumnus Boisduval 1836 T Mexico ([Oax])

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus multicaudata pusillus

(Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)

Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail

NW USA to Baja California

TL: USA (Nv)

pusillus Austin & Emmel 1998 HT USA (Nv)

pusillus Austin & Emmel 1998 HT USA (Nv)

pusillus Austin & Emmel 1998 HT USA (Nv)

pusillus Austin & Emmel 1998 AT USA (Nv)

pusillus Austin & Emmel 1998 AT USA (Nv)

pusillus Austin & Emmel 1998 AT USA (Nv)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

habitat

habitat

habitat

Pterourus multicaudata
multicaudata

(W. F. Kirby, 1884)

Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail (Xochiquetzal)

SW USA to central Mexico

TL: Mexico

daunus Boisduval 1836 T Mexico

daunus Boisduval 1836 T Mexico

ragani Barnes 1928 T USA (Az)

ragani Barnes 1928 T USA (Az)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

Pterourus multicaudata
grandiosus

(Austin & J. Emmel, 1998)

Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail

central Mexico to Guatemala

TL: Mexico (Chia)

grandiosus Austin & Emmel 1998 HT Mexico (Chia)

grandiosus Austin & Emmel 1998 HT Mexico (Chia)

grandiosus Austin & Emmel 1998 HT Mexico (Chia)

grandiosus Austin & Emmel 1998 AT Mexico (Chia)

grandiosus Austin & Emmel 1998 AT Mexico (Chia)

grandiosus Austin & Emmel 1998 AT Mexico (Chia)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

habitat

habitat

habitat

habitat

Pterourus eurymedon

(Lucas, 1852)

Pale Tiger Swallowtail

W USA & Canada, Baja California
Norte

TL: USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

eurymedon Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

albanus Felder & Felder 1865 T USA (Ca)

albanus Felder & Felder 1865 T USA (Ca)

cocklei Gunder 1925 T Canada

cocklei Gunder 1925 T Canada

columbiana Gunder 1925 T Canada

columbiana Gunder 1925 T Canada

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

foodplants and habitat

Pterourus rutulus

(Lucas, 1852)

Western Tiger Swallowtail

[= arizonensis]; W USA & Canada,
Baja California N

TL: USA (Ca)

rutulus Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

rutulus Lucas 1852 T USA (Ca)

arizonensis Edwards 1883 T USA (Az)

arizonensis Edwards 1883 T USA (Az)

hospitonina Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Canada

hospitonina Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Canada

hospitonina Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Canada

hospitonina Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Canada

fannyae Gunder 1927 T USA (Or)

fannyae Gunder 1927 T USA (Or)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

habitat

habitat

habitat

habitat

habitat

habitat

habitat

habitat

Pterourus canadensis

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Canadian Tiger Swallowtail

Alaska to northern New England

TL: Canada (NL)

arcticus Skinner 1906 ST USA (Ak), Canada

arcticus Skinner 1906 ST USA (Ak), Canada

arcticus Skinner 1906 ST USA (Ak), Canada

arcticus Skinner 1906 T USA (Ak), Canada

arcticus Skinner 1906 T USA (Ak), Canada

deficiens Dufrane 1946 ST USA

deficiens Dufrane 1946 ST USA

deficiens Dufrane 1946 ST USA

deficiens Dufrane 1946 T USA

deficiens Dufrane 1946 T USA

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

foodplant

foodplant

foodplant

habitat

habitat

Pterourus appalachiensis

Pavulaan & D. Wright, 2002

Appalachian Tiger Swallowtail

Appalachian Mtns., E USA

TL: USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 HT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 HT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 HT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 PT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 PT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 PT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 PT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 PT USA (NC)

appalachiensis Pavulaan & Wright 2002 PT USA (NC)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus glaucus glaucus

(Linnaeus, 1758)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

E USA, far NE Tamaulipas

TL: "America"

glaucus Linnaeus 1758 NT "America"

glaucus Linnaeus 1758 NT "America"

glaucus Linnaeus 1758 NT "America"

antilochus Linnaeus 1758 NT "North America"

antilochus Linnaeus 1758 NT "North America"

antilochus Linnaeus 1758 NT "North America"

turnus, Linnean specimen

turnus, Linnean specimen

turnus, Linnean specimen

turnus, Linnean specimen

turnus, Linnean specimen

turnus, Linnean specimen

alcidamas Cramer 1775 NT USA (NY;"Carolina")

alcidamas Cramer 1775 NT USA (NY;"Carolina")

alcidamas Cramer 1775 NT USA (NY;"Carolina")

alcidamas Cramer 1775 T USA (NY;"Carolina")

alcidamas Cramer 1775 T USA (NY;"Carolina")

fletcheri Kemp 1900 T USA (NJ)

fletcheri Kemp 1900 T USA (NJ)

imperfecta Reiff 1911 T USA ([NY])

imperfecta Reiff 1911 T USA ([NY])

wheeleri Reiff 1911 T USA ([NY])

wheeleri Reiff 1911 T USA ([NY])

paupercula Reiff 1911 T USA ([NY])

paupercula Reiff 1911 T USA ([NY])

dietzi Gunder 1927 T USA (NY)

dietzi Gunder 1927 T USA (NY)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

aberration

aberration

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

foodplant

foodplant

foodplant

foodplant

Pterourus glaucus maynardi

(Gauthier, 1984)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

[= australis]; C & S Florida

TL: USA (Fl)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

Pterourus alexiares garcia

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

'Garcia' Mexican Tiger Swallowtail

NE Mexico, W Texas

TL: Mexico (NL)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus alexiares alexiares

(Hopffer, 1865)

Mexican Tiger Swallowtail

east-central Mexico

TL: Mexico

alexiares Hopffer 1865 T Mexico

alexiares Hopffer 1865 T Mexico

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Pterourus hellanichus

(Hewitson, 1868)



TL: Uruguay


hellanichus Hewitson 1868 ST Uruguay

hellanichus Hewitson 1868 ST Uruguay

hellanichus Hewitson 1868 ST Uruguay

hellanichus Hewitson 1868 T Uruguay

hellanichus Hewitson 1868 T Uruguay

Pterourus scamander joergenseni

(Röber, 1925)



TL: Argentina


stewarti Avinoff 1926 T Bolivia

stewarti Avinoff 1926 T Bolivia

argentinus Schreiter 1930 T Argentina

argentinus Schreiter 1930 T Argentina

Pterourus scamander scamander

(Boisduval, 1836)



TL: Brazil


scamander Boisduval 1836 ST Brazil

scamander Boisduval 1836 ST Brazil

scamander Boisduval 1836 ST Brazil

scamander Boisduval 1836 T Brazil

scamander Boisduval 1836 T Brazil

eurymander Hopffer 1865 T Brazil

eurymander Hopffer 1865 T Brazil

arlequina Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Brazil (RS)

arlequina Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Brazil (RS)

Pterourus scamander grayi

(Boisduval, 1836)



TL: Brazil ([RS])


grayi Boisduval 1836 ST Brazil ([RS])

grayi Boisduval 1836 ST Brazil ([RS])

grayi Boisduval 1836 ST Brazil ([RS])

grayi Boisduval 1836 T Brazil ([RS])

grayi Boisduval 1836 T Brazil ([RS])

lombardi Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Brazil (Pr)

lombardi Boullet & Le Cerf 1912 T Brazil (Pr)

boisduvali Zikán 1937 T Brazil (MG)

boisduvali Zikán 1937 T Brazil (MG)

leucomelas Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Brazil (SP)

leucomelas Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Brazil (SP)

laticlavius Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Brazil (SP)

laticlavius Rousseau-Decelle 1943 T Brazil (SP)

Pterourus homerus

(Fabricius, 1793)

Homerus Swallowtail

Jamaica

TL: "America"

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

illustration

live adult

live adult

Pterourus garamas garamas

(Geyer, [1829])

Magnificent Swallowtail

C and W Mexico

TL: Mexico

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico ([Mor])

amisa Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico ([Mor])

homeroides Draudt 1931 T Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 T Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 PT Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 PT Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 PT Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 PT Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 PT Mexico (DF)

homeroides Draudt 1931 PT Mexico (DF)

splendida Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Pue)

splendida Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Pue)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

Pterourus garamas

(NW Mexican segregate)

Magnificent Swallowtail

nr. garamas


specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus garamas abderus

(Hopffer, 1856)

Magnificent Swallowtail

E Mexico

TL: Mexico

abderus Hopffer 1856 T Mexico

abderus Hopffer 1856 T Mexico

amerias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Ver)

amerias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Ver)

amerias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Ver)

amerias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Ver)

amerias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Ver)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus garamas baroni

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Magnificent Swallowtail

SW Mexico

TL: Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

baroni Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

morenoi Maza 1977 T Mexico (Oax)

morenoi Maza 1977 T Mexico (Oax)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Pterourus garamas electryon

(H. Bates, 1864)

Magnificent Swallowtail

Chiapas to El Salvador &
Honduras

TL: Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 HT Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 HT Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 HT Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 HT Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 HT Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 HT Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 T Guatemala

electryon Bates 1864 T Guatemala

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Pterourus garamas syedra

(Godman & Salvin, 1878)

Magnificent Swallowtail

Costa Rica & W Panama

TL: Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 HT Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 HT Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 HT Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 T Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 T Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 T Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 T Panama

syedra Godman & Salvin 1878 T Panama

cephalus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

cephalus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Pterourus victorinus victorinus

(E. Doubleday, 1844)

Victorine Swallowtail

E Mexico to Nicaragua

TL: "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 ST "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 ST "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 ST "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 ST "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 ST "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 ST "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 T "America"

victorinus Doubleday 1844 T "America"

helleri Felder & Felder 1864 LT Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1864 LT Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1864 LT Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1864 LT Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1864 LT Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1864 LT Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1865 T Mexico

helleri Felder & Felder 1865 T Mexico

amphissus Hopffer 1865 T Mexico

amphissus Hopffer 1865 T Mexico

eritromaculata Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Ver;Oax)

eritromaculata Beutelspacher 1976 T Mexico (Ver;Oax)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

immatures

immatures

habitat

Pterourus victorinus morelius

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Victorine Swallowtail

W Mexico

TL: Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

morelius Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Mexico (Gue)

amphisinus Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Mor)

amphisinus Vázquez 1957 T Mexico (Mor)

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

hybrid

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

live adult

Pterourus victorinus

(NW Mexican segregate)

Victorine Swallowtail

NW Mexico


specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

Pterourus coroebus vulneratus

(A. Butler, 1872)

Victorine Swallowtail

N Costa Rica

TL: Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 ST Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 ST Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 ST Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

vulneratus Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

specimen

Pterourus coroebus laetitia

(A. Butler, 1872)

Victorine Swallowtail

S Costa Rica & W Panama

TL: Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 HT Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 HT Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 HT Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 HT Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 HT Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 HT Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 ST Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 ST Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 ST Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

laetitia Butler 1872 T Costa Rica

archytas Hopffer 1865 T "Central America"

archytas Hopffer 1865 T "Central America"

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Panama

panthias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 PLT Panama

cephalus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

cephalus Godman & Salvin 1890 T Panama

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

specimen

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Pterourus coroebus syndemis

Tyler, K. Brown & Wilson, 1994



TL: Colombia


syndemis Jordan 1907 LT Colombia

syndemis Jordan 1907 LT Colombia

syndemis Jordan 1907 LT Colombia

syndemis Jordan 1907 T Colombia

syndemis Jordan 1907 T Colombia

specimen

specimen

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

immatures

Pterourus coroebus coroebus

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861)



TL: Venezuela


coroebus Felder & Felder 1861 HT Venezuela

coroebus Felder & Felder 1861 HT Venezuela

coroebus Felder & Felder 1861 HT Venezuela

coroebus Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

coroebus Felder & Felder 1861 T Venezuela

clearchus Felder & Felder 1865 LT Colombia

clearchus Felder & Felder 1865 LT Colombia

clearchus Felder & Felder 1865 LT Colombia

clearchus Felder & Felder 1865 T Colombia

clearchus Felder & Felder 1865 T Colombia

philocleon Felder & Felder 1865 LT [Colombia]

philocleon Felder & Felder 1865 LT [Colombia]

philocleon Felder & Felder 1865 LT [Colombia]

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia;Venezuela

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia;Venezuela

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Colombia;Venezuela

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia;Venezuela

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia;Venezuela

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia;Venezuela

dione Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Colombia;Venezuela

specimen

specimen

Pterourus lemoulti

(Rousseau-Decelle, 1933)



TL: Venezuela


lemoulti Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Venezuela

lemoulti Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Venezuela

horizonicus Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Venezuela

horizonicus Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Venezuela

luteovirens Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Venezuela

luteovirens Rousseau-Decelle 1933 T Venezuela

Pterourus menatius menatius

(Hübner, [1819])



TL: Surinam


bari Oberthür 1879 T French Guiana

bari Oberthür 1879 T French Guiana

bari Oberthür 1879 T ?French Guiana

manipulated adult

live adult

Pterourus menatius ctesiades

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)



TL: Peru


ctesiades Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Peru

ctesiades Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Peru

ctesiades Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Peru

ctesiades Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

ctesiades Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

dysmias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Brazil ([Am])

dysmias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Brazil ([Am])

dysmias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 HT Brazil ([Am])

dysmias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil ([Am])

dysmias Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil ([Am])

Pterourus menatius coelebs

(Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)



TL: Peru


coelebs Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

coelebs Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

Pterourus menatius eurotas

(C. Felder & R. Felder, 1862)



TL: "Brazil (Am)"


eurotas Felder & Felder 1862 T "Brazil (Am)"

eurotas Felder & Felder 1862 T "Brazil (Am)"

bitias Godart 1819 T "South America"

bitias Godart 1819 T "South America"

ctesias Felder & Felder 1865 T "Colombia"

ctesias Felder & Felder 1865 T "Colombia"

therapes Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Ecuador;Peru

therapes Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Ecuador;Peru

therapes Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Ecuador;Peru

therapes Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Ecuador;Peru

therapes Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Ecuador;Peru

vilcanotus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

vilcanotus Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Peru

marcus Niepelt 1916 HT Peru

marcus Niepelt 1916 HT Peru

marcus Niepelt 1916 HT Peru

marcus Niepelt 1916 T Peru

marcus Niepelt 1916 T Peru

marcus Niepelt 1916 T ?Peru

judicaël Oberthür 1888 T Peru

judicaël Oberthür 1888 T Peru

Pterourus menatius lenaeus

(E. Doubleday, 1846)



TL: Bolivia


lenaeus Doubleday 1846 HT Bolivia

lenaeus Doubleday 1846 HT Bolivia

lenaeus Doubleday 1846 HT Bolivia

lenaeus Doubleday 1846 T Bolivia

lenaeus Doubleday 1846 T Bolivia

aymara Fassl 1915 T Bolivia

aymara Fassl 1915 T Bolivia

interrupta Riley 1921 HT Peru

interrupta Riley 1921 HT Peru

interrupta Riley 1921 HT Peru

interrupta Riley 1921 T Peru

interrupta Riley 1921 T Peru

recidivus Niepelt 1927 T Bolivia

recidivus Niepelt 1927 T Bolivia

recidivus Niepelt 1927 T Bolivia

recidivus Niepelt 1927 T Bolivia

rupestris Krüger 1928 T Bolivia

rupestris Krüger 1928 T Bolivia

monochroma Bryk 1930 T Bolivia

monochroma Bryk 1930 T Bolivia

cellamaculosa Krüger 1933 T Bolivia

cellamaculosa Krüger 1933 T Bolivia

Pterourus cleotas

(G. Gray, 1832)



TL: "South America"


lycortas Felder & Felder 1861 LT "Venezuela"

lycortas Felder & Felder 1861 LT "Venezuela"

lycortas Felder & Felder 1861 LT "Venezuela"

lycortas Felder & Felder 1861 T "Venezuela"

lycortas Felder & Felder 1861 T "Venezuela"

adaea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Brazil (SC)

adaea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Brazil (SC)

adaea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 LT Brazil (SC)

adaea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (SC)

adaea Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Brazil (SC)

Pterourus birchallii bryki

(Strand, 1930)

Green-washed Swallowtail

Honduras to central Panama

TL: Panama

godmani Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Panama

godmani Rothschild & Jordan 1906 T Panama

specimen