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Amblyscirtes belli H. Freeman, 1941
(Bell's Roadside-Skipper)

Type Specimens
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Type Specimens
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Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults
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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Amblyscirtes Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 75. Type-species: Hesperia vialis W. H. Edwards, 1862, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 14(1/2): 58, no. 8, by original designation. Evans (1955), Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (4): 386-393, and H. Freeman (1973), J. Lepid. Soc. 27(1): 40-57, arranged this genus into groups. Burns (1990), J. Lepid. Soc. 44(1): 11-27, rearranged some of these groups and commented on the phylogenetic position of the genus.

=    Stomyles Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 76. Type-species: Pyrgus textor Hübner, [1831], Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl. [89], figs. 515, 516; 28, no. 258 (= Hesperia aesculapius Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 347-348, no. 321; synonym), by original designation.

=    Mastor Godman, 1900

In: Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(160): 567. Type-species: Mastor anubis Godman, 1900, in: Godman & Salvin, Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(160): 568; 3: pl. 100, figs. 32 ♂ D, 33 ♂ V, 34 ♂ FW venation, 35 ♂ genitalia, by original designation.

=    Epiphyes Dyar, 1905

J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 13(3): 132. Type-species: Pamphila carolina Skinner, 1892, Entomol. News 3(9): 222-223, by original designation.


tolteca group Burns, 1990

J. Lepid. Soc. 44(1): 15, 18.


Amblyscirtes belli H. Freeman, 1941

Entomol. News 52(2): 50-51.

Original Combination: Amblyscirtes belli

Type Locality: “Lancaster and two miles west of Vickery, Dallas County, Texas”

Types: Holotype in AMNH.


Original description from:

Freeman, Hugh Avery. 
1941. "A new species of Amblyscirtes from Texas (Lepidoptera, 
Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae)." Entomological News 52(2): 50-51. {[21] Feb 1941}

Amblyscirtes belli n. sp. 
     ♂. Upperside. Primaries, black with some fulvous overscal- 
ing toward the base and inner margin; three sordid white sub- 
apical spots, the top and bottom ones longer than the middle 
one ; a small sordid white spot in interspace Cu1 directly below 
the bottom subapical spot; a V-shaped, sordid white spot in 
interspace Cu2 with the bars of the V pointing toward the 
outer margin of the wings, the upper bar twice as long as the 
lower one. The spots in some specimens slightly fulvous. 
     Secondaries. Black with a few scattered fulvous hairs to- 
ward the base and inner margin of the wings. 
     Underside. Primaries. Black, somewhat lighter than above 
except at the base, fulvous overscaling toward the costal margin 
and apex. The five spots on the upper surface reappear, more 
distinctly, and in addition there are three spots making a curved 
connection between the last subapical spot and the small spot 
in interspace Cu1, with the curvature toward the outer margin 
below the apex. 
     Secondaries. Black, nearly completely overscaled with gray 
in some specimens, in others the overscaling is restricted to the 
outer margin and base of the wings. Two indistinct, vestigial 
spots near the costa; one minute discal spot; a submesial row 
of connected spots forming an irregular line, bordered on the 
inside by dark scales and on the outside by lighter ones. All 
spots are dark hoary gray. 
     Body above black with some long gray hairs on the thorax 
and anterior part of the abdomen ; beneath grayish ; sides of 
the abdomen black, gray scales forming lines between the seg- 
ments; palpi light gray, with a few scattered black scales; 
antennae black, ringed with sordid white; club black above, 
lighter beneath. Fringes of both wings sordid while between 
the veins black at the ends of the veins. 
     ♀. Similar to the male but with reduced maculation. 
     Expanse: Male, 24-29 mm., average size 26 mm.; female 
23-32 mm., average size 27 mm. 
     Described from 109 specimens, 68 males and 41 females, 
collected by the author at Lancaster and two miles west of 
Vickery, Dallas County, TEXAS, during April, May, June and 
August of 1940. 
     This species was placed as undescribed by Mr. E. L. Bell, 
American Museum of Natural History, New York, and in his 
honor I take great pleasure in naming it. 
     Holotype male and allotype female in the collection of the 
author. Paratypes are being placed in the following collec- 
tions, three pairs, American Museum of Natural History, New 
York; one pair, United States National Museum, Washington, 
D. C. ; one pair, Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; 
one pair, Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois ; one pair, The 
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia; one pair, collec- 
tion of Mr. F. Martin Brown, Colorado Springs, Colorado; 
one pair, collection of Mr. Lowell Hulbirt, Glendora, Cali- 
fornia; and one pair in the collection of Dr. A. W. Lindsey, 
Granville, Ohio. The remaining 87 paratypes will remain for 
the present in the collection of the author for determination 
     Belli more closely resembles celia Skinner than any of the 
other species of Amblyscirtes. In preparing this description 
belli was compared with 37 specimens of celia contained in 
the author's collection and the following differences were noted. 
     1. Although a dark species, celia is lighter than belli. None 
of the specimens in the type series were as light as any of the 
37 specimens of celia. 
     2. Celia often has a spot near the end of the cell on the 
upper surface of the primaries. Belli never has a spot in that 
     3. Celia is more completely overscaled with lighter scales 
on the under surface of both wings than is belli. 
     4. The spots on the under surface of the secondaries of 
celia are white, contrasting with the brown rather plainly, 
whereas belli has dark hoary gray spots that are inconspicuous ; 
in some specimens they are nearly absent. 

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