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Anartia jatrophae luteipicta Fruhstorfer, 1907
(White Peacock)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

S TX (strays far N), E & W Mexico through Central America

Larval foodplants

L. (guantanamo)
Aloysia triphylla
(L'Hér.) Britt.

Blechum brownei
Blechum pyramidatum
(Lam.) Urban
Ruellia occidentalis
(Gray) Tharp & Barkl. (luteipicta)
Ruellia tuberosa

Bacopa monnieri
(L.) Pennell guantanamo)
Lindernia diffusa
(L.) Wettst. 

Mentha aquatica
Mentha pulegium
Melissa officinalis


Genus Anartia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 33. Type-species: Papilio jatrophae Linnaeus 1763, in: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar.: 25, no. 73, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 111, no. 73.

=    Celoena Boisduval, 1870

Consid. Lépid. Guat.: 38. Type-species: Papilio fatima Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 81, no. 252, by monotypy.

‡Celaena E. Doubleday, 1849

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(26): 214. Type-species: Papilio fatima Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 81, no. 252, by designation of Hemming (1941), J. Soc. Bibl. Nat. Hist. 1(11): 425-426. Proposed in synonymy; a nomen nudum.

=    Anartiella Fruhstorfer, 1907

Int. Entomol. Z. 1(16): 112. Type-species: Vanessa lytrea Godart, 1819, in: Enc. méth. 9(Ins.)(1): (291), 299, no. 7, by monotypy.


Anartia jatrophae (Linnaeus, 1763)

In: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar.: 15, no. 73; cited Merian (1705), Ins. Surinam.: 4, pl. 4. Often cited as Amoen. acad. 6: 408, no. 73, a later reprint.

Original Combination: Papilio Jatrophae N[ymphalis].

Type Locality: “Jatropha Americes”; defined as “Surinam” by Munroe (1942), Am. Mus. Novit. (1179): 2.

Types: Lectotype in UZIU, designated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 339.

            =    corona Gosse, 1880

Entomol. 13(209): 199, pl. 8, fig. 1.

Original Combination: Anartia corona

Type Locality: “near Asunción” [Paraguay]

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

            =    pallida Köhler, 1923

Z. wiss. InsektBiol. 18(12)(Sonderheft): 24, pl. 2, fig. 12.

Original Combination: [Anartia jatrophae] var. pallida

Type Locality: “Misiones” [Argentina]

Types: Syntype(s) in MLP.

                   =    margarita Oberthür, 1896

Étud. Entomol. 20: 30, pl. 9, fig. 18.

Original Combination: [Anartia jatrophae] ab. margarita

Type Locality: “Brazil, Bahia”

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.


Anartia jatrophae luteipicta Fruhstorfer, 1907

Int. Entomol. Z. 1(16): 112.

Original Combination: [Anartia] jatrophae luteipicta

Type Locality: “Honduras”; defined as “Honduras, Cortés, San Pedro Sula” by Lamas and Small (1992), in: Quintero & Aiello (eds.), Ins. Panama Mesoamer.: 563, list.

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.


        Short Bibliography of Anartia jatrophae luteipicta Fruhstorfer, 1907. 

Blum, Michael J., Eldredge P. Bermingham and Kanchon K. Dasmahapatra. 2003. A molecular phylogeny of the Neotropical butterfly genus Anartia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26(1): 46-55, 3 figs., 2 tabs. {January 2003} 

Fruhstorfer, Hans. 1907. Uebersicht der bekannten Anartia und Beschreibung neuer Formen. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 1(16): 111-112 {13 July 1907} [description of Anartia jatrophae luteipicta

Gillham, Nicholas W. 1957. Subspecies versus geographical variation in Caribbean populations of Anartia jatrophae Johansson (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates 1845: 1-22, 5 figs., 5 tabs. {10 October 1957} 

Hübner, Jacob. 1816-[1826]. Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge [sic!]. Anzeiger derim Verzeichnisse bekannter Schmettlinge aufnommenen benennungen, ihrer horden, rotten, stämme, familien, vereine und gattungen. Augsburg, Augustae Vindelicorum: 432, (Anzeiger) 72 pp. [dates determined from I.C.Z.N. Opinion 150] [description of Anartia

Lamas, Gerardo, and Gordon B. Small. 1992. Catalogue of the Nymphalidae of Panama (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Chapter 35: 554-566, in: D. Quintero & A. Aiello (Eds.) Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica. Selected Studies. Oxford, New York, Tokyo: Oxford University Press: ix+692 pp. [Anartia jatrophae luteipicta

Linnaeus, Carolus. 1763. In: B. Johansson, Centuria Insectorum Rariorum. Upsala: [vi] + 32 pp. {23 June 1763} [description of Papilio Jatrophae

Merian, Maria Sibylla [Mariam Sibyllum]. 1705. Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium, in qua Erucae ac Vermes Surinamenses, cum omnibus suis Transformationibus, ad vivum delineatur et describuntur, singulis eorum in Plantas, Flores et Fructus collocatis, in quibus reperta sunt; tunc etiam Generatio Ranarum, Bufonum rariorum, Lacertarum, Serpentum, 

Neck, Raymond W. 1996 (With photography by Geyata Ajivisgi and others) A field guide to butterflies of Texas. Houston; Gulf Publishing Co.; Texas Montlhy Field Guide Series: xvii, 323 pp., 64 pls., figs. {1996} 

Parks, Harris Braley. 1935. Anartia jatrophae L. In Texas. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 30(2): 83 {26 Apr 1935} 

Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1875. Historical sketch of the generic names proposed for butterflies. A contribution to systematic nomenclature. Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (Boston) 10(2)[=2(2)]: 91-293. {separate 31 Mar 1875; paper 10 Jun 1875} [Anartia type-species designation]

Silberglied, Robert Elliot, Annette Aiello and Gerardo Lamas. [1980]. Neotropical butterflies of the Genus Anartia: Systematics, Life Histories and General Biology (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Psyche 86(2/3): 219-260, 10 figs., 3 tabs. {Jun-Sep 1979, [25 Jun 1980]} 

Teshirogi, Motomu. 1997. Food plants of Nymphalidae in the World (V). Butterflies (Tokyo) 18: 43-45, 15 figs. [in Japanese] {20 December 1997} [life history of Anartia jatrophae]

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