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Anthanassa f. frisia (Poey, 1832)
(Cuban Crescent)

Type Specimens
photos collection:


Pinned Specimens
photos collection:

Live Adults
photos collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Acanthaceae: Blechum pyramidatum  (Lam.) Urban, Dicliptera Juss., Justicia brandegeeana Wasshausen & L.B. Sm., Ruellia L.
Euphorbiaceae: Drypetes lateriflora (Sw.) Krug & Urban


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Anthanassa Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 239, 268, no. 54. Type-species: Melitaea texana W. H. Edwards, 1863, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(2): 81, no. 5, by designation of I.C.Z.N. Opinion 839; the same Opinion placed Anthanassa on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1780.

=    Tritanassa W. Forbes, 1945

Entomol. Am. (n.s.) 24: 171. Type-species: Eresia drusilla C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 5(4): 103-104, no. 79, by original designation.


Anthanassa frisia (Poey, 1832)


Anthanassa frisia frisia (Poey, 1832)

Cent. Lépid. Cuba (1): [5-6], [no. 2]; pl. [2], figs. [1] ♀ V, [2] ♀ D, [3] ♂ V.

Original Combination: Melitea [sic!] Frisia

Type Locality: “Cuba...côte du Nord”

Types: Syntype (#7799) in ANSP.

                   =    gyges (Hewitson, 1864)

Ill. exot. Butts. 3(50): [24], pl. Eresia VI, figs. 45 ♂ D, 46 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Eresia Gyges

Type Locality: “Jamaica”

Types: Lectotype (#Rh8498) in BMNH, designated by Higgins (1981), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 43(3): 105.


Brown, Frederick Martin and Bernard Heineman. 1972. Jamaica and its butterflies. London; E. W. Classey: xv + 478 pp., 10 pls., 7 figs., 2 tabs., maps. {1972}

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1974. The types of butterflies in the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 126(5): 51-54, 1 fig. {6 Dec 1974} 

Chermock, Ralph L. and Ottilie D. Chermock. 1948. Notes on the life histories of three Floridian butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 79(7/8): 142-144, 9 figs. {Jul-Aug 1948} 

Comstock, William Phillips. 1944. The insects of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Lepidoptera (Suborder) Rhopalocera (Superfamily) Papilionoidea (True butterflies) (Superfamily) Hesperioidea (Skippers). Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands 12(4): 421-622, 12 pls. {12 Oct 1944}

Feldman, Tracy S., and William A. Haber. 1998. Oviposition behavior, host plant use, and diet-breadth of Anthanassa butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) using plants in the Acanthaceae in a Costa Rican community. Florida Entomologist 81(3): 396-406, 2 tabs. {25 September 1998} 

Hebard, Morgan. 1903. A few captures made at Miami, Florida. Entomological News 14(8): 253. {Oct 1903} 

Hewitson, William Chapman. 1852-1877. Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies, selected chiefly from the collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. London; John Van Voorst, 4to, 5 vols., 100 parts; pages unnumbered; 300 pls. [description of Eresia Gyges

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930}

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981}

Poey, Felipe. 1832. Centurie de lépidoptères de l'Ile de Cuba, contenant la description et les figures coloriées de cent espèces de papillons nouveaux ou peu connus, représentés d'après nature, souvent avec la chenille, la chrysalide, et plusiers détails microscopiques. Paris; J. Alabert Mercklein: Decade 1: 4 + [32] pp., 10 pls. {[25] Apr 1832}; Decade 2: [21] pp., 10 pls. {[30] Jul 1832} Reprinted A1970" [1971] by E. W. Classey Ltd. [see Irwin, 1974] [description of Melitea [sic] Frisia

Riley, Norman Denbigh. 1975. A field guide to the butterflies of the West Indies. Boston; Demeter Press: 224 pp., 24 pls., 29 figs. {1975} 

Röber, Johannes Karl Max 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92 {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-440, pl. 90 {10 Dec 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 10 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914} 

Scott, James A. 1994. Biology and systematics of Phyciodes (Phyciodes). Papilio (n.s.) 7: 1-120, 227 figs., 12 tables {18 Nov 1994} 

Smith, David Spencer, Lee Denmar Miller and Jacqueline Miller. 1994. Butterflies of the West Indies and South Florida. Oxford; Oxford University Press: x + 264 pp., 33 pls., 2 figs., frtspc. {1994}

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