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Anthanassa tulcis (H. Bates, 1864)
(Pale-banded Crescent)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Larval foodplants: Acanthaceae: Dicliptera sexangularis (L.) Juss. (= Dicliptera vahliana), Ruellia L.


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Anthanassa Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 239, 268, no. 54. Type-species: Melitaea texana W. H. Edwards, 1863, Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(2): 81, no. 5, by designation of I.C.Z.N. Opinion 839; the same Opinion placed Anthanassa on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1780.

=    Tritanassa W. Forbes, 1945

Entomol. Am. (n.s.) 24: 171. Type-species: Eresia drusilla C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 5(4): 103-104, no. 79, by original designation.


Anthanassa tulcis (H. Bates, 1864)

Entomol. Mon. Mag. 1(4): 82, no. 37.

Original Combination: Melitaea Tulcis

Type Locality: “Guatemala, interior”; lectotype from “Central Valleys.”

Types: Lectotype (#Rh8513) in BMNH, designated by Higgins (1981), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 43(3): 105.

            =    genigueh (Reakirt, [1866])

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 5(2): 225, no. 3.

Original Combination: Eresia Genigueh

Type Locality: “Los Angelos, Cal'a.” in error.

Types: Syntypes possibly in FMNH.

            =    archesilea (R. Felder, 1869)

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 19: 471, no. 19.

Original Combination: Eresia Archesilea

Type Locality: “Cordoba” [Veracruz, Mexico]

Types: Syntypes in NMW.

            =    punctata (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(2): 189, 191-192, no. 5.

Original Combination: Eresia Punctata

Type Locality: “Southern Arizona”; suggested to be “vicinity of Tucson, Arizona” or “Northern Mexico” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 424-427. [Tucson is in Pima County]

Types: Holotype in CMNH, figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 17, fig. 39 ♂ D, and F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 425, fig. 23 ♂ D&V.


Aaron, Eugene Murray and Samuel Frank Aaron. 1885. A list of a collection of diurnal Lepidoptera from southern Texas. Papilio 4(9/10): 172-182. {Nov-Dec 1884, 13 Jul 1885} 

Bates, Henry Walter. 1864. New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panamá (Continued). Entomologist=s monthly Magazine 1(4): 81-85. {1 Sep 1864} [description of Melitaea Tulcis

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

DeVries, Phillip James. 1987. Butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton; Princeton Univ. Press: xxii + 327 pp., 50 cpls., 35 figs., 3 tabs., 2 maps {1987} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1870. Descriptions of new North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 3(2): 189-196 {Nov (pre-print [Dec]) 1870; paper [30 Apr 1871]} [description of Eresia Punctata

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv+487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901) 

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930}

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

McGuire, William W. and Michael A. Rickard. 1974. An annotated checklist of the butterflies of Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park and vicinity. Mission, Texas; Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park: 22 pp. {1974} 

Reakirt, Tryon. [1866]. Descriptions of some new species of Eresia. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 5[2]: 224-227 {Oct-Dec 1865, [1 May 1866]} [description of Eresia Genigueh]

Vargas, Isabel, Moisés Armando Luis, Jorge Enrique Llorente and Andrew D. Warren. 1996. Butterflies of the State of Jalisco, Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 50(2): 97-138, 1 fig., 2 tabs. {5 July 1996}

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