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Asterocampa celtis antonia (W. H. Edwards, [1878])
(Hackberry Emperor)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Larval foodplants: Ulmaceae: Celtis occidentalis L., Celtis laevigata Willd., Celtis laevigata var. reticulata (Torr.) L. Benson, Celtis lindheimeri  Engelm. ex K. Koch, Celtis pallida Torr., Celtis tenuifolia Nutt.


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Asterocampa Röber, 1916

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(241): 549. Type-species: Apatura celtis Boisduval & Le Conte, [1837], Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (19) pl. 57, figs. 1-4; (24): 210-211, by designation of D. Bates (1926), Entomol. News 37(5): 154.


Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (19): pl. 57, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 larva, 4 pupa [1835], (24): 210-211 [1837].

Original Combination: Apatura Celtis

Type Locality: “Gêorgie”; suggested to be “Screven County, Georgia” by Scudder (1872), Can. Entomol. 4(4): 84; defined as “around Savannah” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 187; neotype from “Savannah River, Burke County, Georgia.”

Types: Described, at least in part, from a John Abbot drawing. The specimens upon which this drawing was based are probably lost. Neotype in CMNH, designated by Gatrelle (1999), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 1(5): 5, figs. 2 top ♂ D, 4 top ♂ V.

=    ‡lycaon (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 228, no. 714; cited Jones’ Icones 4, pl. 17, fig. 1.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. S[atyri]. Lycaon

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

Preoccupied by Papilio lycaon Kühn, 1774, Kurz. Anl. Ins.: 21.

=    alicia (W. H. Edwards, 1868)

Butts. N. Am. [1](2): [135-136], pl. Apatura 1, figs. 1 ♂ V, 2 ♂ D, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Apatura Alicia

Type Locality: “New the vicinity” [Louisiana]

Types: Types lost.

=    ‡”alb” (Strecker, 1878)

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 145, no. 293a; cited W. H. Edwards (1875), Butts. N. Am. 2(3): pl. Apatura 1, figs. 4 ♀ V, 5 ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Apatura Celtis] ab. a. ♂♀ Alb.

Type Locality: Not stated; “Coalburgh, West Virginia” implied from Edwards’ figures. [Kanawha County]

Types: “Types” are the specimens figured in W. H. Edwards, possibly in CMNH.

=    ‡”inornata” (Wolcott, 1916)

Entomol. News 27(3): 98-99, pl. 4, fig. 6 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Chlorippe celtis n. aberr. inornata

Type Locality: “near Ashland, Nebraska” [Saunders County]

Types: “Holotype” may be in UNL or OSU.


Asterocampa celtis antonia (W. H. Edwards, [1878])

Field & Forest 3(6): 103-105.

Original Combination: Apatura Antonia

Type Locality: “Texas and Arizona”; defined as “vicinity of Norse, Bosque County, Texas” by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 377-378.

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by Reinthal (1967), in: F. Brown, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 379, fig. 18 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 23, fig. 12 ♂ D.

                   =    montis (W. H. Edwards, 1883)

Papilio 3(1): 7-8.

Original Combination: Apatura Antonia var. Montis

Type Locality: “Arizona...Mt. Graham...vicinity of Fort Grant, Cochise Co. [sic!], and on Graham Mountain” from the introduction to the paper. [Graham County]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 382, fig. 19 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 23, fig. 11 ♂ D (as ‘leilia”).

                   =    jeffermont J. Scott & M. Fisher, 2008

Papilio (n.s.) 18: 29-30, pl 3, fourth row left ♂ D, fourth row right ♂ V (holotype).

Original Combination: Asterocampa celtis jeffermont

Type Locality: “Indian Gultch, 1 mi. W Golden, Clear Creek Can., Jefferson Co. Colo.”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

‡”mexicana” Freidlander, 1987

J. Res. Lepid. 25(4): 250, 253.

Original Combination: [Asterocampa celtis antonia] form mexicana

Type Locality: “lower Rio Grande valley of Texas and southward”

Types: Apparently no types were designated.

This name seems inadvertently proposed, it certainly was not described; a nomen nudum.


Brown, Frederick Martin. 1967. The types of the nmphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part III, Nymphalinae, Limenitidinae, Apaturinae and Charaxinae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 93(3): 319-393, 23 figs {28 Sep 1967} 

Edwards, William Henry. [1878]. Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America. Field & Forest 3(6): 101-105 {Dec 1877, [Jan 1878]} [description of Apatura Antonia

Friedlander, Timothy P. 1987 . Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of Asterocampa Röber, 1916 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Apaturinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 25(4): 215-338, 22 pls., 13 figs., 11 tabs. {Winter 1987(1988), 31 Dec 1987} 

Röber, Johannes Karl Max. 1916. Gattung Asterocampa. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(241): 549-550. {18 Apr 1916}

Skinner, Henry. 1911. The boreal American species of Chlorippe (Doxocopa, Apatura) Lepidoptera. Transactions of the american entomological Society 37(3): 211-215 {18 Aug 1911}

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