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Asterocampa clyton louisa D. Stallings & Turner, 1947
(Tawny Emperor)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Larval foodplants: Ulmaceae: Celtis occidentalis L., Celtis laevigata Willd., Celtis laevigata var. reticulata (Torr.) L. Benson, Celtis lindheimeri  Engelm. ex K. Koch, Celtis pallida Torr., Celtis tenuifolia Nutt.


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Asterocampa Röber, 1916

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(241): 549. Type-species: Apatura celtis Boisduval & Le Conte, [1837], Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (19) pl. 57, figs. 1-4; (24): 210-211, by designation of D. Bates (1926), Entomol. News 37(5): 154.


Asterocampa clyton (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])

Hist. Lepid. Amér. sept. (19): pl. 56, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 larva, 4 pupa [1835]; (24): 208-209 [1837].

Original Combination: Apatura Clyton

Type Locality: “les parties méridionales des États-Unis”; suggested to be “Georgia” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 188; neotype from “Savannah River, Burke County, Georgia.”

Types: Described, at least in part, from a John Abbot drawing. The specimens upon which this drawing was based are probably lost. Neotype in CMNH, designated by Gatrelle (1999), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 1(5): 5, fig. 6 bottom ♂ D.

=    proserpina (Scudder, 1868)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 11: 401.

Original Combination: [Apatura] Proserpina

Type Locality: “Iowa”; further defined as “New Jefferson...anywhere along a devious, hundred mile route beginning at Denison, including Wall Lake and Grant City, and terminating at New Jefferson” by Scudder [1870], Trans. Chicago Acad. Sci. 1(2): 332, no. 16, 338.

Types: Type(s) apparently lost (not in MCZ).

=    ocellata (W. H. Edwards, 1876)

Butts. N. Am. 2(5): [245-246], pl. Apatura 2, figs. 1 ♂ V, 2 ♂ D, 3 ♀ V, 4 ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Apatura Clyton] var. Ocellata

Type Locality: “Coalburgh, West Virginia” implied from the text. [Kanawha County]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1967), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 93(3): 387, fig. 21 ♀ D&V.

=    ‡”nig” (Strecker, 1878)

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 146, no. 294b.

Original Combination: [Apatura Clyton] ab. b. ♂ Nig

Type Locality: “Berks Co., Penna.” [Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” in FMNH.

‡”apunctus” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 5.

Original Combination: Apatura clyton from apunctus

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

‡”geneumbrosa” Scott, 1986

Butts. N. Am.: 256, no. 142.

Original Combination: [Apatura clyton] from geneumbrosa

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.


Asterocampa clyton louisa D. Stallings & Turner, 1947

Entomol. News 58(2): 38.

Original Combination: Asterocampa clyton louisa

Type Locality: “Pharr, Texas” [Hidalgo County]

Types: Holotype in USNM.


Friedlander, Timothy P. 1987 . Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of Asterocampa Röber, 1916 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Apaturinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 25(4): 215-338, 22 pls., 13 figs., 11 tabs. {Winter 1987(1988), 31 Dec 1987} 

Röber, Johannes Karl Max. 1916. Gattung Asterocampa. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(241): 549-550. {18 Apr 1916} 

Stallings, Don Brigg, and J. R. Turner. 1947. Texas Lepidoptera (with description of a new subspecies). Entomological News 58(2): 36-41. {Feb, [8 May] 1947}

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