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Chlosyne g. gabbii (Behr, 1863)
(Gabb’s Checkerspot)

Type Specimens photo collection:

 Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Aberrations photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection Page 3:

Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Larval Foodplants
* = main foodplant
 

Asteraceae: Baccharis plummerae Gray, *Corethrogyne filaginifolia var. bernardina (Abrams) Hall, Hazardia squarrosa (Hook. & Arn.) Greene, Heterotheca grandiflora Nutt.

Synonymy

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne gabbii (Behr, 1863)

 

Chlosyne gabbii gabbii (Behr, 1863)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 88, 89, no. 3.

Original Combination: M[elitaea]. Gabbii

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “the mountains near Los Angeles” from the description; neotype from “La Tuna Canyon, Verdugo Mountains, Los Angeles County, California.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in CAS, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 99, figs. 19 ♂ D, 20 ♂ V.

                   =    pola (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 56, no. 44.

Original Combination: Melitaea Pola

Type Locality: “Sonora”; suggested to be “somewhere from Los Angeles southward into extreme northern Baja California” by F. Brown (1967), J. Lepid. Soc. 21(4): 273; defined as “La Tuna Canyon, 1,200' elev., Verdugo Mts., Los Angeles County, California” by Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32.

Types: Holotype in CMNH, as determined by F. Brown (1965), J. Lepid. Soc. 19(4): 206-207, fig. 2 ♂ D&V; figured by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 243 ♂ D, 244 ♂ V.

Boisduval loaned the holotype to W. H. Edwards, but died before it could be returned. The subsequent figure of a specimen of Poladryas arachne by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): pl. 261, fig. 2188, and designation of that figure as the type of “pola” by W. Barnes and McDunnough, (1916), Contr. Nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 3(2): 92, contributed to the general acceptance of this name as a senior synonym of arachne (e.g., dos Passos (1964), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (1): 85, and Bauer (1961), in: P. Ehrlich and A. Ehrlich, How Know Butts.: 130). F. Brown (1965), J. Lepid. Soc. 19(4): 206-207, detailed the particulars of this confusion and figured the holotype of pola, justifying its placement in the synonymy of C. gabbii.

                   =    sonorae (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 56-57, no. 45; figured by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): pl. 261, figs. 2189 ♂ D&V, 2190 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Sonorae

Type Locality: “De la Sonora”; suggested to be “somewhere from Los Angeles southward into extreme northern Baja California” by F. Brown (1967), J. Lepid. Soc. 21(4): 273; stated to be “vic. Los Angeles, California” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 157; further defined as “La Tuna Canyon, 1,200' elev., Verdugo Mts., Los Angeles County, California” by Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 246 ♂ D, 247 ♂ V.

                         =    ‡”pasadenae” (Gunder, 1924)

Entomol. News 35(5): 155, pl. 2, fig. C ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Euphydryas gabbi ab. ♂ pasadenae

Type Locality: “Pasadena, Los Angeles County, California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 36, fig. 4 ♂ D.

                         =    ‡”gunderi” (J. A. Comstock, 1926)

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 33; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 36, fig. 6 ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea gabbii ab. gunderi

Type Locality: “San Fernando, Calif.” [Los Angeles County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

                         =    ‡”newcombi” (J. A. Comstock, 1926)

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 25(1): 33; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 36, fig. 5 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea gabbii ab. newcombi

Type Locality: “Pasadena, Calif.” [Los Angeles County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in LACM.

Bibliography

Behr, Hans Herman. 1863. On Californian Lepidoptera--No. III. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 3(1)([sig.]6): 84-93. {Dec 1863} [description of Melitaea Gabbii

Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse d'Echauffour. 1868-1869. Lépidoptères de la Californie. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 12: 1-28 (1868); 37-94 ([1 Nov] 1869) [missing pp. 29-37 through printer's error] {1868-1869} [description of Melitaea Pola, Melitaea Sonorae

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1944. Notes on Mexican Butterflies, IV. Journal of the New York entomological Society 52(4): 343-360. {[19] Dec 1944} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1965. Three letters from J. A. B. D. De Boisduval to W. H. Edwards, and the true identity of Melitaea pola Bdv. and Melitaea callina Bdv. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 19(4): 197-211, 5 figs. {20 Dec 1965} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1967. Lorquin's localities "Sonora" and "Utah." Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 21(4): 271-274. {28 Nov 1967} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1926. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Thirteen new species or aberrations of California butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 25(1): 29-34, 48. {Jan-Apr, 30 Mar 1926} [description of Melitaea gabbii ab. gunderi, Melitaea gabbii ab. newcombi

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1930. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 28(3): [21]22-31, pl. 4-15. {Jan-Apr 1930, 10 Jun 1930} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1931. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 30(1): 15-20, pls. 5-7. {Jan-Apr 1931} 

Coolidge, Karl R. 1924. California butterfly notes.-II. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 19(1): 44-47. {29 Feb 1924} 

Davenport, Ken. 1983. Geographic distribution and checklist of the butterflies of Kern County, California. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 37(1): 46-69 {19 Aug 1983}

Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon. 1998. 2. The types of California butterflies named by Jean Alphonse Boisduval: designation of lectotypes and a neotype, and fixation of type localities. Pp. 3-76, 269 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press; {[18] Dec 1998} 

Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon. 1998. 6. The types of California butterflies named by Herman Behr: designations of neotypes and fixation of type localities. Pp. 95-114, 78 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press; {[18] Dec 1998} 

Hoffmann, Carlos Christian. 1940. Catálogo systemático y zoogeográphico de los Lepidópteros Mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad Nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps. {[after 28 Dec] 1940} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1924. Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from California. Entomological News 35(5): 153-158, pl. 2 {[8] May 1924} [description of Euphydryas gabbi ab. ♂ pasadenae

Gunder, Jeane Daniel. 1930. Butterflies of Los Angeles County, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Science 29(2): 39-95, pls. 18-23 {May-Aug 1930, 15 Aug 1930} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Lamas, Gerardo. 1999. Nomenclatural faux‑pas among western North American butterflies. Lepidoptera News 1999(2): 7-8 {30 June [19 Aug] 1999} 

Miller, Lee Denmar and Frederick Martin Brown. 1981. A catalogue/checklist of the butterflies of America north of Mexico. Memoir.  The Lepidopterists= Society (2): vii + 280 pp. 

Minot, George R. 1902. Notes and news. Chrysalis of Melitaea gabbi. Entomological News 13(5): 158 {May 1902} 

Oberthür, Charles. 1914. VII. Les Lépidoptères de la Californie par le Docteur Boisduval. Études de Lépidopterologie comp. 9(2): 73-90; pls. 258-264. {May 1914} 

Seitz, Adalbert. 1913. 3. Gattung Melitaea. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(182): 429-432; (187): 433-434; pl. 88 {1913}

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