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Chlosyne hoffmanni segregata (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1918)
(Hoffmann's Checkerspot)

Type Specimens
photo collection:

Live Adults
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asteraceae: Aster ledophyllus (Gray) Gray

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne hoffmanni (Behr, 1863)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 88, 89, no. 4.

Original Combination: M[elitaea]. Hoffmanni

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “peculiar to the higher regions of California” from the description; neotype from “Gold Lake, Sierra County, California.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in CAS, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 99, figs. 22 ♂ D, 23 ♂ V.

=    helcita (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 55-56, no. 43; figured by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): pl. 261, figs. 2186 ♂ D&V, 2187 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea Helcita

Type Locality: “dans les contrées du Sud” in error; defined as “Gold Lake, Sierra County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 32, figs. 240 ♂ D, 241 ♂ V.

=    ‡”abnorma” (W. G. Wright, 1905)

Butts. W. Coast: 55, no. 183; 160, no. 183, pl. 20, figs. 183, 183b ♀ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: [Melitaea Hoffmanni var.] Abnorma; Melitaea Abnorma n. v.

Type Locality: “Sierra Nevadas, 7,000 ft., Calif.”; “Truckee, Cal.” [Nevada County, California]

Types: “Holotype” (#4303) in CAS.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

=    ‡”hollandae” (Gunder, 1928)

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 166, pl. B, figs. 13 ♀ D, 13a ♀ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Melitaea (Lemonias) hoffmanni tr. f. hollandae

Type Locality: “Summit, California” [Placer County, California]

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book: pl. 17, fig. 14 ♀ D.

 

Chlosyne hoffmanni segregata (W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1918)

Contr. Nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 4(2): 72-73, pl. 11, figs. 8 ♂ D, 9 ♀ D (holotype), 10 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Melitaea hoffmanni segregata

Type Locality: “Crater Lake, Oregon, 6500 ft.” [Klamath County]

Types: Holotype in LACM; paratypes figured by W. Holland (1898), Butt. Book:figs. 28 ♂ D, 29 ♀ D.

                   =    bridgei (J. A. Comstock, 1924)

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 23(6): 173-174; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 37, fig. 9 ♂ D (holotype), 10 ♂ V, 11 ♀ D (as Melitaea hoffmanni segregata).

Original Combination: Melitaea Bridgei

Type Locality: “Crater Lake, Oregon” [Klamath County]

Types: Holotype in LACM.

Bibliography

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Notes and new species. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 4(2): 61-208 + [4]; pls. 11-25 {15 May 1918} [description of Melitaea hoffmanni segregata

Bauer, David L. 1960. A new geographical subspecies of Chlosyne hoffmanni (Nymphalidae) from Washington state. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 13(4): 207-211; 7 figs. {1959, 1 Aug 1960} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1924. Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. A new Melitaea from Oregon. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(6): 173-174. {Nov-Dec, 30 Dec 1924} [description of Melitaea bridgei

Comstock, John Adams. 1927. Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California embracing all of the 477 species and varieties at present recorded from the state. Author, Los Angeles, California. 334 pp., 63 pls. {1927} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition.  A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co.  xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figures. {1931}

Pyle, Robert Michael. 2002. Butterflies of Cascadia. Seattle; Seattle Audubon Society: 420 pp., figs., drawings, photos. {2002} 

Shapiro, Arthur Maurice, Cheryl A. Palm and Karen L. Wcislo. 1981. The ecology and biogeography of the butterflies of the Trinity Alps and Mount Eddy, northern California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 18(2): 69-151. {Summer 1979(81), 31 Jan 1981} 

Warren, Andrew D. 2005. Butterflies of Oregon: their taxonomy, distribution, and biology. Fort Collins; Contributions of the C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: 405 pp., 3 maps. {15 Mar 2005}

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