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Chlosyne theona bollii (W. H. Edwards, 1877)
(Theona Checkerspot)

Type Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Aberrations
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants & Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Distribution: C Texas, NE Mexico

Larval foodplants: Scrophulariaceae: Castilleia lanata Gray, Leucophyllum frutescens (Berl.) I.M. Johnston

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Chlosyne Butler, 1870

Cist. Entomol. 1(3): 38, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist., 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). The synonymy for this genus follows Wahlberg and Zimmerman (2000), Cladistics 16(4): 347-363.

      =    ‡Morpheis Geyer, [1833]

In: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett., 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Morpheis Hübner, [1820], Verz. bekannt. Schmett., 13: 196.

      =    ‡Synchloe E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 76. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 141, no. 253. Preoccupied by Synchloe Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 26.

      =    ‡Coatlantona W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 178. Type-species: Papilio janais Drury, 1782, Ill. Nat. Hist. 3: 22, index, pl. 17, figs. 5, 6, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Synchloe E. Doubleday, 1844, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8). A junior objective synonym of Chlosyne Butler, 1870.

=    Anemeca W. F. Kirby, 1871

Syn. Cat. diurn. Lepid.: 179. Type-species: Morpheis ehrenbergii Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, as replacement name. Proposed to replace Morpheis Geyer, [1833], in: Hübner, Samml. exot. Schmett. 3: pl [5], figs. 1-4, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Charidryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea nycteis E. Doubleday, 1847, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1)(12): pl. 23, fig. 3; (21): 181, no. 23 (1848), by original designation.

      =    ‡Limnaecia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 47. Type-species: Melitaea harrisii Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 167-168, no. 36, by original designation. Preoccupied by Limnaecia Stainton, 1851, Suppl. Cat. Brit. Pteroph.: 4.

=    Thessalia Scudder, 1875

Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 238, 265, no. 49. Type-species: Melitaea leanira C. Felder & R. Felder, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(4): 106, no. 64, by original designation.

 

Chlosyne theona (Ménétriés, 1855)

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 86-87, no. 444, pl. 2, fig. 5 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Melitaea theona

Type Locality: “Nicaragua”

Types: Type(s) possibly lost; Austin and M. Smith (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (28): 360, determined that there are no syntypes at ZIN.

 

Chlosyne theona bollii (W. H. Edwards, 1877)

Field & Forest 3(6): 101-102.

Original Combination: Melitaea Bollii

Type Locality: “San Antonio, Texas” [Bexar County]

Types: Holotype (#7757) in ANSP, figured by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 397, fig. 13 ♂ D&V.

Bibliography

Aaron, Eugene Murray and Samuel Frank Aaron. 1885. A list of a collection of diurnal Lepidoptera from southern Texas. Papilio 4(9/10): 172-182. {Nov-Dec 1884, 13 Jul 1885} 

Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith. 1998. 28. Revision of the Thessalia theona complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae). Pp. 359-396, 223 figs., in: T. C. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press. {[18] Dec 1998} 

Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough. 1916. Notes on North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Contributions to the Natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 3(2): 49-156, 8 pls. {15 Dec 1916} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1974. The types of butterflies in the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 126(5): 51-54, 1 fig. {6 Dec 1974} 

Comstock, John Adams, Sperry, Grace H. and John L. Sperry. 1933. Notes on the life histories of two Arizona butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 32(3): 99-104; 4 pls. {Sep-Dec, 30 Sep 1933} 

Doll, Jacob. 1904. [Minutes.] Entomological News 15(10): 350. {Dec 1904} 

Edwards, William Henry. [1878]. Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America. Field & Forest 3(6): 101-105. {Dec 1877, [Jan 1878]} [description of Melitaea Bolli

Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin. 1879-1901. Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv+487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901) 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1960. A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960} 

Kendall, Roy O=Neal. 1960. More larval foodplants from Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 13(4): 221-228. {1959, 1 Aug 1960}

McGuire, William W. and Michael A. Rickard. 1974. An annotated checklist of the butterflies of Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park and vicinity. Mission, Texas; Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park: 22 pp. {1974} 

Maza, Roberto F. de la. 1987. Mariposas Mexicanas. Guía para su colecta y determinación. México; Fondo de Cultura Económica: 304 pp., 67 pls., 58 figs. {Oct 1987} [Ed. 2 1991] 

Ménétriés, Edouard. 1855-1857. Enumeratio Corporum Animalium Musei Imperialis Academiae Scientarum Petropolitanae.  Classis Insectorum.  Ordo Lepidopterorum. Petropoli/Lipsiae; Eggers et Soc./Leop. Voss, Parts I+II. Lepidoptera Diurna; (1): xv + 1-66 + 67-97 + [2] pp., pls. 1-6 {Dec 1855} or 15 + 102 pp., 6 cpls.; (2): vi + 67-112 + [2] + 99-144 + [2] pp., pls. 7-14 {Sep 1857} or 6 + 90 pp., 8 cpls.; (3): 4 + 20 pp., 4 cpls. [description of Melitaea Theona

Röber, Johannes Karl Max 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92 {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-440, pl. 90 {10 Dec 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 10 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914} 

Seitz, Adalbert. 1913. 3. Gattung Melitaea. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(182): 429-432; (187): 433-434; pl. 88. {1913} 

Seitz, Adalbert. 1916. 3. Gattung Melitaea. Nachtrag. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(212): 597, pl. 103. {15 May 1916}

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