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Colias eurytheme Boisduval, 1832
(Orange Sulphur)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Aberrations
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Colias [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 284, no. 24. Type-species: Papilio hyale Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 469, no. 71, by designation of I.C.Z.N. Opinion 146.

      =    ‡Eurymus Horsfield, [1829]

Descr. Cat. Lepid. Ins. Mus. E. India Co. (2): 129, 134. Type-species: Papilio hyale Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 469, no. 71, by original designation. Preoccupied by Eurymus Rafinesque, 1815, Analyse Nat.: 117, and a junior objective synonym of Colias.

=    Scalidoneura Butler, 1871

Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1871(1): 250-251. Type-species: Scalidoneura hermina Butler, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1871(1): 251, pl. 19, fig. 5, by original designation.

=    Eriocolias J. Watson, 1895

Entomol. 28(385): 167. Type-species: Papilio edusa Fabricius, 1787, Mantissa Ins. 2: 23, no. 240, by original designation (= Papilio croceus Geoffroy (1875), in: Fourcroy, Entomol. Paris 2: 250, no. 48).

      =    ‡Coliastes Hemming, 1931

Entomol. 64(12)[823]: 273. Type-species: Papilio hyale Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 469, no. 71, by original designation; a junior objective synonym of Colias.

=    Mesocolias Petersen, 1963

J. Res. Lepid. 1(2): 144-145. Type-species: Colias vauthierii Guérin-Méneville, [1830], in: Duperrey, Voy. Coquille, 1(Zool.)Atlas(18): pl. Ins. 15, fig. 2, by original designation.

=    Protocolias Petersen, 1963

J. Res. Lepid. 1(2): 144-145. Type-species: Colias imperialis Butler, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1871(1): 250, pl. 19, fig. 2, by original designation (= Colias ponteni Wallengren, 1860, Wien. entomol. Monatschr. 4(2): 33, no.1; synonym).

=    Palaeocolias Berger, 1986

Lambillionea 86(7/8, suppl.): 21-22, 32. Type-species: Colias ponteni Wallengren, 1860, Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 4(2): 33, by original designation.

=    Neocolias Berger, 1986

Lambillionea 86(7/8, suppl.): 21, 32. Type-species: Papilio erate Esper, 1805, Die Schmett. 1(suppl.)(2)(11): 13-14, pl. 119 (Cont. 74), fig. 3, by original designation.

=    Eucolias Berger, 1986

Lambillionea 86(7/8, suppl.): 22, 33. Type-species: Papilio palaeno Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica (ed. 2): 272, no. 1041, by original designation.

=    Similicolias Berger, 1986

Lambillionea 86(7/8, suppl.): 23, 33. Type-species: Papilio lesbia Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 477, no. 149, by original designation.

=    Paracolias Berger, 1986

Lambillionea 86(7/8, suppl.): 24, 34. Type-species: Colias dimera E. Doubleday, [1847], in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (1): pl. 9, fig. 3; (7): 74, no. 15, by original designation.

=    Asiocolias Korb, 2005

Cat. Butt. ex USSR: 20. Type-species: Colias christophi Grum-Grshimaïlo, 1885, in: Romanov, Mém. Lépid. 2: 220, by original designation.

Ganura Zetterstedt, [1839]

Ins. Lappon. (5): col. 903. Type-species: Papilio hyale Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 469, no. 71. This name was published in synonymy and is unavailable (Code Article 11.6).

 

Colias eurytheme Boisduval, 1852

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 286, no. 13.

Original Combination: Colias eurytheme

Type Locality: “toute la Californie...aussi le Mexique et quelques parties des Etats-Unis”; defined as “Sacramento, Sacramento County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 8.

Types: Lectotype USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 9, figs. 6 ♂ D, 7 ♂ V; figured by Verity [1908], Rhop. palae. (17-20): pl. 49, fig. 42 ♂ D, labeled “Californie.”

            =    amphidusa Boisduval, 1852

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 286-287, no. 14.

Original Combination: Colias amphidusa

Type Locality: “Du nord de la Californie”; defined as “Sacramento, Sacramento County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 9.

Types: Lectotype USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 9, figs. 9 ♂ D, 10 ♂ V; figured by Verity [1908], Rhop. palae. (17-20): pl. 49, fig. 44 ♂ D, labeled “Californie.”

            =    californiana Ménétriés, 1855

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 80, under no. 253.

Original Combination: [Colias Edusa] var. Californiana

Type Locality: “Nouvelle Californie”

Types: Type(s) should be in ZIN.

            =    xenodice C. Felder & R. Felder, 1859

Wien. entomol. Monatschr. 3(12): 394-395, no. 35.

Original Combination: Colias Xenodice

Type Locality: “Assam”; holotype labeled “Illinois.”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

            =    keewaydin W. H. Edwards, 1869

Butts. N. Am. [1](4): [47]-[49], pl. Colias 4, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V, 5 ♀ D, 6 ♂ D, 8 ♂ D, 9 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Colias Keewaydin

Type Locality: “valley of the Mississippi from Nebraska and Illinois to Texas and westward to the Pacific...Middle States and Canada”; defined as “Sedalia, Missouri” by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 78-81. [Pettis County]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 81, fig. 18 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 36, fig. 9 ♂ D.

            =    ariadne W. H. Edwards, 1870

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(1): 10, 12-13, no. 4; figured by W. H. Edwards (1878), Butts. N. Am. 2(7): pl. Colias 4, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Colias Ariadne

Type Locality: “Mokeluma Hills [sic!], California” [Mokelumne Hill, Calaveras County]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1973), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 99(1): 83, fig. 19 ♂ D&V.

            =    graeca O. Bang-Haas, 1927

Horae Macrolepid. 1(8): 44, 113.

Original Combination: Colias chrysotheme graeca

Bang-Haas adopted Colias chrysotheme var. chrysotheme race graeca Verity [1911] to represent a subspecies-level taxon (Code Articles 10.2, 45.5.1) He called figure 5 the male type and figure 6 the female type and, in accordance with his statement on page xix of the same work, this may be accepted as a holotype and allotype designation. The male is a specimen of Colias eurytheme Boisduval, 1852.

                   =    ‡”graeca” Verity, 1911

Rhop. Palaearctica: 359; pl. 72, figs. 5 % D (holotype), 6 & D; ind. syst.: xl.

Original Combination: [Colias chrysotheme var. chrysotheme] race graeca

Type Locality: “Grèce” in error.

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

As a quadrinomial, this name is unavailable (Code Article 45.5).

                   =    ‡”alba” Strecker, 1878

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat. Lepid: 82, no. 60b; cited W. H. Edwards (1869), Butts. N. Am. [1](4): pl. Colias 3, figs. 5 ♀ D, 6 ♀ V.

Original Combination: [Colias Chrysotheme var. a. gen. 2 Eurytheme] ab. b. Alba

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: “Type(s)” possibly in CMNH.

It is doubtful that this can be considered the description of a new taxon. It has been listed in checklists and catalogues (e.g., L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 80), but is included for the sake of completeness.

                   =    ‡”flava” Strecker, 1878

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 83, no. 60c.

Original Combination: [Colias Chrysotheme var. a. gen 2 Eurytheme] ab. c. Flava

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: “Holotype” possibly in FMNH.

It is doubtful that this can be considered the description of a new taxon. It has been listed in checklists and catalogues (e.g., L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 80), but is included for the sake of completeness.

                   =    ‡”alba” Strecker, 1878

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 83, no. 60e; cited W. H. Edwards (1869), Butts. N. Am. [1](4): pl. Colias 4, fig. 9 ♀ V.

Original Combination: [Colias Chrysotheme var. d Keewaydin] ab. e. ♀ Alba

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: “Holotype” possibly in CMNH.

It is doubtful that this can be considered the description of a new taxon. It has been listed in checklists and catalogues (e.g., L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 2: 80), but is included for the sake of completeness.

                   =    ‡”pallida” Cockerell, 1887

W. Am. Sci. 3(31): 217.

Original Combination: C[olias]. eurytheme var. pallida

Type Locality: “near West Cliff [sic!], Custer Co., Colorado” [Westcliffe]

Types: Type(s) possibly in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”typica” Cockerell, 1888

W. Am. Sci. 4(33): 41-43.

Original Combination: Colias eurytheme typica

Type Locality: Not specifically stated; “vic. of Westcliffe, Custer Co., Colorado” implied from the text of the paper.

Types: Type(s) probably lost (or never existed).

Name was inadvertently proposed.

                   =    ‡”intermedia” Cockerell, 1888

W. Am. Sci. 4(33): 42 (in part).

Original Combination: [Colias Eurytheme] form intermedia

Type Locality: “Swift Creek, Custer Co., Colo.” [Colorado]

Types: Type(s) possibly in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”pallida” Cockerell, 1888

W. Am. Sci. 4(33): 42 (in part).

Original Combination: [Colias Eurytheme] intermedia [female form] pallida

Type Locality: Not specifically stated; “vic. of Westcliffe, Custer Co., Colorado” implied from the text of the paper.

Types: Type(s) possibly in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”pallida” Cockerell, 1888

W. Am. Sci. 4(33): 42 (in part).

Original Combination: [Colias Eurytheme] keewaydin [female form] pallida

Type Locality: Not specifically stated; “vic. of Westcliffe, Custer Co., Colorado” implied from the text of the paper.

Types: Type(s) possibly in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”fumosa” Strecker, 1900

Lepid. Rhop. Het. (suppl. 3): 19.

Original Combination: Colias eurytheme [♀] ab. fumosa

Type Locality: “Colorado”

Types: “Holotype” in FMNH.

                   =    ‡”neuburgeri” Geest, 1905

Z. wiss. InsektBiol. 1(9): 379, no. 3.

Original Combination: Colias Eyrytheme [sic!] ab. Neuburgeri

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of “type” not known.

                   =    ‡”alba” Röber, 1909

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(29): 93.

Original Combination: [Colias eurytheme] ab. alba

Type Locality: Not stated; “lectotype” from “Nevada, Verdi.” [Washoe County]

Types: “Lectotype” in ZMHB, designated by Lamas (1993), Shilap Revta. Lepid. 21(83): 142, no. 10.

                   =    ‡”albina” Röber, 1909

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(29): 93.

Original Combination: [Colias eurytheme] ab. albina

Type Locality: Not stated; “lectotype” from “Nevada, Verdi.” [Washoe County]

Types: “Lectotype” in ZMHB, designated by Lamas (1993), Shilap Revta. Lepid. 21(83): 142, no. 10.

                   =    ‡”unicitrina” (Gunder, 1924)

Entomol. News 35(3): 158, pl. 2, fig. J ♂ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Eurymus eurytheme amphidusa ab. ♂ unicitrina

Type Locality: “Upland, Los Angeles Co., California”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                   =    ‡”rudkini” (Gunder, 1932)

Can. Entomol. 64(12): 277-278.

Original Combination: Eurymus eurytheme tr. f. rudkini

Type Locality: “San Marino, Los Angeles Co., Calif.”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

‡”vernalis” Scott, 1986

Butts. N. Am.: 196, no. 37.

Original Combination: [Colias eurytheme] form vernalis

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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