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Copaeodes minima (W. H. Edwards, 1870)
(Southern Skipperling)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection Page 3:

Immatures photo collection Page 1:

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Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:



(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Copaeodes Speyer, 1877

In: W. H. Edwards, Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 6(1): 49, 64. Type-species: Heteropterus procris W. H. Edwards (1871), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(3/4): 215 (= Ancyloxipha [sic!] aurantiaca Hewitson, 1868, Descr. one hundred new spec. Hesp. (2): 45; synonym), by designation of W. F. Kirby [1879], Zool. Rec. 14(1877)(Ins.): 139.


Copaeodes minima (W. H. Edwards, 1870)

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 3(2): 189, 196, no. 14.

Original Combination: Hesperia Minima

Type Locality: “Waco, Texas” [McLennan County]

Types: Holotype in CMNH; figured by F. Brown and L. Miller (1977), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 103(2): fig. 8 ♂ D&V.

Species-genus gender conformation is minimus.

            =    rayata W. Barnes & McDunnough, 1913

Contr. Nat. Hist. Lepid. N. Am. 2(3): 100, pl. 3, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Copaeodes rayata

Type Locality: “San Benito, Texas” [Cameron County]

Types: Syntypes in USNM.

Durden (1982), J. Lepid. Soc. 36(1): 9, claimed this is a winter form, genitalically distinct from minima, but this was disproved by Austin et al. (2008), Florida Entomol. 91(4): 636-642.

‡”singularis” (Plötz, 1884)

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 45(7-9): 284, under no. 1.

Original Combination: [Thymelicus] Waco [synonym] Singularis

Plötz introduced “Thymelicus singularis (Herrich-Schäffer manuscript)” as a synonym of waco without description or indication; a nomen nudum.



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