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Danaus gilippus berenice (Cramer, 1779)
(Queen)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


 

Live Adult
photo collection:

Immatures
photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

SE USA, Bahamas, Cuba, Caymans

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

 

Genus Danaus Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 83-86, no. 145. Type-species: Papilio plexippus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 471, no. 80, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 222. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 699.

 

Danaus gilippus (Cramer, 1775)

Uitl. Kapellen 1(3): 41, pl. 26, figs. E ♀ D, F ♀ V; (8): 153 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Dan[aus] festiv[us]. Gilippus

Type Locality: “Rio de Janeyro...Brazil” “Rio Janéiro...Côte du Brasil”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

d’Almeida (1944), Pap. avulsos Dept. Zool. Sec. Agr. (São Paulo) 4(3): 62, designated a “neotype,” figured in (1939), Mems. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 34: pl. 17, fig. 3. This designation is not in accordance with Code Articles 75.2 and 75.3.

                   =    ‡vincedoxici (Hübner, 1816)

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (1): 16, no. 87.

Original Combination: Anosia Vincedoxici

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio gilippus, erroneously thought preoccupied; a junior objective synonym of gillipus.

            =    vincetoxici (Hübner, [1816])

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [23], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Limnas ferruginea Vincetoxici

Type Locality: Not stated; defined as “Brasilien” by Hemming (1937), Hübner 2: 97 (manuscript #21).

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

            =    manuja (Escholtz, 1821)

In: Kotzebue, Endeck. Reise Süd-See 3 (appendix 5): 209, no. 13, pl. [7], figs. 13a ♂ D, 13b ♂ V.

Original Combination: Idea Manuja

Type Locality: “Aus Brasilien”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

                   =    ‡vincetoxici (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 72, no. 11; cited Fabricius (1793), Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 52, no. 159, and J. E. Smith (1797), in: Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia 1: pl. 7.

Original Combination: E[uploea]. Vincetoxici

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio gilippus, based on a foodplant name; preoccupied by Limnas vincetoxici (Hübner, [1816]), and a junior objective synonym of gilippus.

 

Danaus gilippus berenice (Cramer, 1779)

Uitl. Kapellen 3(18): 22, pl. 205, figs. E ♂ D, F ♂ V; (24): 174 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Nymph[alis]. Phaler[ata]. Berenice

Type Locality: “Eiland Jamaika” “Jamaïque”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

d’Almeida (1944), Pap. avulsos Dept. Zool. Sec. Agr. (São Paulo) 4(3): 62, designated a “neotype,” figured in (1939), Mems. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz 34: pl. 15, fig. 4. This designation is not in accordance with Code Articles 75.2 and 75.3.

Bibliography

 

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