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Danaus p. plexippus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Monarch)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Historic Specimens
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Hybrids
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asclepias speciosa Torr.

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

 

Genus Danaus Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 83-86, no. 145. Type-species: Papilio plexippus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 471, no. 80, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 222. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 699.

 

Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Danaus plexippus plexippus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 471, no. 80; cited various works, including Sloane (1725), Voy. Mad. Barb. Niev. St. Christ. Jam. 2: 214, pl. 239, figs. 5, 6, and Catesby (1743), Nat. Hist. Carolina 2: 88, pl. 88.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus Festivus]. Plexippus

Type Locality: “America septentrionali”; neotype from “Kendall, New York State.” [Orleans County]

Types: Neotype in USNM, designated by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 282; figured by A. Clark (1941), Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 90(3118): pl. 71, fig. 1 ♂ D.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 282 placed this name on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology as name no. 111.

                         =    ‡”misippiformis” Meuschen, 1781

Mus. Gronovianum: verso, folio “Fff ff 2," under the heading “Index Insectorum/ Lepidoptera”, no. 801.

Original Combination: [Papilio] Misippiformis

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 260 placed this work on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Works in Zoological Nomenclature.

                          =    ‡archippus (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 49, no. 150.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. F[estivi]. Archippus

Type Locality: “America meridionali”

Types: Syntypes in ZMUC.

Preoccupied by Papilio archippus Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(1): pl. 16, figs. A, B; (2): 24; (8): 151 (index), but possibly just a misidentification.

                         =    ‡curassavicae Bryk, 1937

Lepid. Cat. 78: 42; cited Fabricius (1807), Syst. Glossat.: 69, no. 1.

Original Combination: Danaus (Anosia) curassavicae

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio archippus Fabricius, 1793, based on a foodplant name; a junior objective synonym of Papilio plexippus.

The reference to “Fabricius, 1807" is spurious, since that work is unpublished.

                         =    ‡curassavicae Fabricius, 1938

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 69, no. 1; cited Fabricius (1793), Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 49, and J. E. Smith (1797), in: Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia 1: pl. 7, among others.

Original Combination: E[uploea]. Curassavicae

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio archippus Fabricius, 1793, based on a foodplant name; a junior objective synonym of Papilio plexippus.

                         =    ‡asclepiadis (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 70, no. 2; cited Linnaeus (1758), Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 471, no. 80, among others.

Original Combination: E[uploea]. Asclepiadis

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio plexippus, based on a foodplant name; a junior objective synonym of Papilio plexippus.

                         =    ‡”fumosus” (Hulst, 1886)

Entomol. Am. 2(9): 182.

Original Combination: Danais archippus var. fumosus

Type Locality: Not stated; “holotype” stated to be “Long Island” by Ottolengui (1895), Entomol. News 6(7): 217. [New York]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                         =    ‡”pulchra” (Strecker, 1900)

Lepid. Rhop. Het. (suppl. 3): 21.

Original Combination: Danais plexippus var. pulchra

Type Locality: “Colorado”

Types: “Holotype” in FMNH.

                         =    ‡”americanus” Gunder, 1927

Entomol. News 38(5): 137-138, no. 10, pl. 2, fig. 10 ♀ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Danaus menippe americanus ♀ nov. tr. form

Type Locality: “Sunny Glen Ranch, Brewster Co., Texas”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

                         =    ‡”nivosus” Gunder, 1927

Entomol. News 38(5): 138, no. 11.

Original Combination: Danaus menippe nivosus ♂ nov. tr. form

Type Locality: “Jefferson Barracks, Missouri” [St. Louis County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

‡”alba” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 3.

Original Combination: Danaus plexippus form alba

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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