ECLECTIC BIBLIOGRAPHY

OF THE BUTTERFLIES

OF THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA

(Entries that were not examined are marked with an asterisk)





--A--



Aaron, Eugene Murray

1884a Erycides okeechobee, Worthington. Papilio 4(1): 22 {Jan, [20 Feb] 1884}

1884b Eudamus tityrus, Fabr., and its varieties. Papilio 4(2): 26-30 {Feb, [15 Mar] 1884}

1885 Notes and queries. Pamphila Baracoa, Luc. in Florida. Papilio 4(7/8): 150 {Sep-Oct 1884, [29 Jan 1885]}

1888 The determination of Hesperidae. Entomologica americana 4(7): 142-143 {Oct 1888}

1890 North American Hesperiidae. Entomological News 1(2): 23-26 {Feb, 31 Jan 1890}; pl. 1, 2(6) {Jun, 29 May 1891}



Aaron, Eugene Murray and Samuel Francis Aaron

1885 A list of a collection of diurnal Lepidoptera from southern Texas. Papilio 4(9/10): 172-182 {Nov-Dec 1884, 13 Jul 1885}



Abadjiev, Stanislav P.

2005a Studies on Neotropical Pierdae [sic] (Part 3). Specimens of Itaballia Kaye, 1904 in the collection of Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea, Pieirdae [sic]). Atalanta (München) 35(3/4): 449-452 {15 Jan 2005}

2005b An annotated catalog of types of Neotropical Pierinae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) in the collection of the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC. Zootaxa 1022: 1-35, 8 pls. (53 figs.) {25 Jul 2005}

2005c The primary types of Neotropical Pierinae in the collection of Laboratoire d'Entomologie Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris. Atalanta (München) 36(1/2): 127-139, 380-385, 3 cpls. {Jul 2005}

2006 Types of Neotropical Pierinae in the collection of the Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Zootaxa 1143: 1-218, 68 pls. {10 Mar. 2006}



Abadjiev, Stanislav P. and Stoyan Beshkov

2000 On the identity of taxa of the genus Boloria (Smoljana) rhodopensis (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Heliconiinae). Phegea 28(1): 24, 11 figs. {1 Mar 2000}



Abbot, John

(ca. 1792-1804)

Drawings of the natural history of the Coleoptera and lepidopterous Insects of Georgia in America including particulars of their several metamorphoses and the plants on which they feed, collected and drawn by John Abbot of Savannah many years resident in that country. London; British Museum (Natural History); 2843 art originals bound into 17 volumes (vols. 6, 15 and 16 include Lepidoptera): graphite and water-colour on hand-made paper; discussed by Scudder, 1872, Can. Ent. 4(4): 73-77; (5): 84-87 The collection of drawings by John Abbot (1751-ca. 1840). Collected and bound by John Francillon (1744-1816), who transcribed Abbot's accompanying notes, adding his own names and other comments.



Abbott, Richard J., Lisa C. Smith, Richard I. Milne, Robert M. M. Crawford, Kirsten Wolff, and Jean Balfour

2000 Molecular analysis of plant migration and refugia in the Arctic. Science 289(5483): 1343-1346 {25 Aug 2000}



Abbot, Walter P., Lawrence S. Dillon and Robert R. Shrode

1960 Geographic variation in Pieris protodice Boisduval and Le Conte (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Wasmann Journal of Biology 18(1): 103-127 {Spring 1960}



Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

2010 Entomology type collection at the Academy of Natural Sciences.

http://clade.ansp.org/entomology/search-suggestions.php



Abe, Azuma, Mutuso Kushibiki and Yoshiori Kumagai

2010 Morufochou aka no chou rui no senshokutai kazu no chousa : I. morufo zoku 7 tane oyobi fukurochou zoku 6 tane no senshokutai kazu. A survey of chromosome numbers in the Morphinae (Nymphalidae, Lepidoptera): I. Chromosome numbers of seven species in the genus Morpho and six species of the tribe Brassolini. [in Japanese]. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 61(1): 92-98, 13 figs., 3 tbls. {31 May 2010}



Abe, Azuma, Evgenyi Novomodnyi and Yoshinori Kumagai

2008 Himehyoumon a zoku (Boloriini) no chou 13 tane no senshokutai chousa. Chromosome survey of 13 species of Boloriini (Nymphalidae, Lepidoptera) [in Japanese]. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 59(3): 194-200, 13 figs., 2 tbls. {30 Jun 2008}



Ackery, Phillip Ronald

1973 A list of the type-specimens of Parnassius (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 29(1): 1-35, 1 pl. {9 Nov 1973}

1975 A guide to the genera and species of Parnassiinae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 31(4): 71-105, 16 pls., 32 figs. {7 Feb 1975}

1984 Systematic and faunistic studies on butterflies. Pp. 9-21, 1 fig., in: R. I. Van-Wright & P. R. Ackery (Eds.), The Biology of Butterflies. London; Academic Press; Symposium of the Royal Entomological Society of London (11): xxv + 429 pp., [4] pls. {1984}

1988 Hostplants and classification: A review of nymphalid butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 33(2): 95-203, 1 fig., 65 tbls. {[25] Feb 1988}



Ackery, Phillip Ronald, Rienk de Jong and Richard Irwin Vane-Wright

1999 The butterflies: Hedyloidea, Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea. Pp. 263-300, 9 figs., in: N. P. Kristensen (Ed.), The Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies. Volume 1: Evolution, Systematics and Biogeography. Handbuch der Zoologie 4(35): x + 487 pp. {1999}



Ackery, Phillip Ronald and Robert Leslie Smiles

1976 An illustrated list of the type-specimens of the Heliconiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 32(5): 171-214, 39 pls. {Jan 1976}



Ackery, Phillip Ronald and Richard Irwin Vane-Wright

1984 Milkweed butterflies, their cladistics and biology. Being an account of the natural history of the Danainae, a subfamily of the Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae. London/Ithaca; British Museum (Natural History)/Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press: x + 425 pp., 12 + 73 pls., 262 figs. {1984}



Adair, Lee and Steve Roman

1982 Current zone reports. Zone IV: Florida. Southern Lepidopterists' News 4(1): 5 {1982}



Adams, James K.

1978 [letter] News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1978[4]: 6 {Jul-Aug 1978}

1984 An old first United States record finally published: Papilio victorinus (Papilionidae) in Laredo, Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(4): 318 {8 May 1984}



Aduse-Poku, Kwaku, Eric Vingerhoedt and Niklas Wahlberg

2009 Out-of-Africa again: a phylogenetic hypothesis of the genus Charaxes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on 5 gene regions. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 53(2): 463-478, 4 figs., 4 tbls. {Nov 2009}



Ae, Shigeru Albert

1956 Hybrids between Colias eurytheme and C. interior (Pieridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 10(1/2): 9-14 {1956}

1958 Genetic studies of several characters in Colias eurytheme (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Genetics 43(3): 564-576, 8 figs., 5 tbls. {May 1958}

1959 A study of hybrids in Colias (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Evolution 13(1): 64-88, 2 figs., 5 tbls. {Mar 1959}

1960 A study of hybrids between Papilio xuthus and the P. polyxenes-machaon group. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 14(1): 5-18 {15 Dec 1960}

1979 The phylogeny of some Papilio species based on interspecific hybridization data. Systematic entomology 4(1): 1-16, 5 figs., 4 tbls. {Jan 1979}

1988 A study of species and speciation based on hybridization mainly in Papilio. Special bulletin of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 6: 475-498 {1988}.

1995 Ecological and evolutionary aspects of hybridization in some Papilio butterflies, Pp. 229-235, in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}

1996 A study of hybridization between Colias erate and C. eurytheme. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 50(4): 345-347 {30 Dec 1996}

2010 Tnan'ajia no tane o chshin to shita tanema oyobi A shukankzatsu no kekka ni motodzuku Papilio oyobi Chilasa-s-shu no keit no kenky. A genealogical study on some Papilio and Chilasa species mainly from Southeast Asia, based on the results of crossings between species and/or subspecies. Yadoriga 225: 70-86 {30 Jun 2010}



Agapow, Paul-Michael, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, Keith A. Crandall, Keith A. Crandall, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, Jonathon C. Marshall and Andy Purvis

2004 The impact of species concept on biodiversity studies. Quarterly Feview of Biology 79(2): 161-179, 2 figs. {Jun 2004}



Agassiz, David

2000 The 1997 Presidential address-Part 2 Why do names change? British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 13(1): 41-49 {Mar 2000}



Agassiz, Jean Louis Rodolphe

1846a Nomina systematica generum lepidopterorum, tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum disposita, adjectis auctoribus, libris in quibus eperiuntur, anno editionis, etymologia et familis ad quas pertinent. pp. vi + 70, in: Nomenclator zoologicus, continens nomina systematica generum animalium tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum disposita, adjectis auctoribus, libris in quibus reperiuntur, anno editionis, etymologia et familiis, ad quas pertinent, in singulis classibus. Solodurii, Jent et Gassmann. Fasciculus IX. et X. {[before 9 October] 1846}

1846b Nomenclatoris zoologici index universalis, continens nomina systematica classium, ordinem, familiarum et generum animalium omnium, tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum unicum disposita, adjectis homonymiis plantarum, nec non variis adnotationibus et emendationibus. Fasciculus XII, Pp. viii + 393, in: Nomenclator zoologicus continens nomina systematica generum animalium tam viventium quam fossilium, secundum ordinem alphabeticum disposita, adjectis autoribus, libris, in quibus reperiuntur, anno editionis, etymologia et familiis, ad quas pertinent, in singulis classibus. Soloduri; Jent et Gassmann; Fasciculus XII (Index universalis) {before [29 Dec] 1846}; see Fletcher (1995), in: I. Nye (Ed.), The Generic Names of Moths of the World, volume 3. London



Agnarsson, Ingi and Matja Kunter

2007 Taxonomy in a changing world: seeking solutions for a science in crisis. Systematic Biology 56(3): 531-539, 2 figs. {3 Jun 2007}



Aguila, Rayner Núñez, and Alejandro Barro Cañamero

2012 A list of Cuban Lepidoptera (Arthropoda: Insecta). Zootaxa 3384: 1-59 {10 Jul 2012}



Aguayo, Jorge

1946 El extraño caso de la Historia Fisica, Politica y Natural de la Isla de Cuba. Memorias de la Sociedad cubana de Historia natural "Felipe Poey" 18(2): 153-184 {24 Sep 1946}



Aiello, Annette

1984 Adelpha (Nymphalidae): deception on the wing. Psyche 91(1/2): 1-45, 7 figs., 3 tbls. {[15 Nov] 1984}

1992 Dry season strategies of two Panamanian butterfly species, Anartia fatima (Nymphalinae) and Pierella luna luna (Satyrinae) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 573-575, in: D. Q. Arias and A. Aiello (Eds.), Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: selected studies. Oxford, New York & Tokyo; Oxford University Press: xxii + 692 pp., illus., maps. {1992}

1995 Los Insectos de Panama. Naturaleza Tropical 9: 11 {27 Jan 1995}



Alayo, Pastor

1951 Notas sobre las especes cubanas de Euremas del grupo elathea-palmira. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Boletín de Historia natural de la Sociedad "Felipe Poey" (La Habana) 2(5): 7-8 {Mar 1951}

1995 Las mariposas de Cuba. Pp. 186-205, 25 figs., in: Por los Caminos de la Edad de Oro. La Habana, Editorial Gente Nueva; Tomo III. {May 1995}

1997 Las mariposas de Cuba. La Habana; Editorial Gente Nueva: 53 pp., 21 figs. {Sep 1995}



Alayo, Pastor and Luis Roberto Hernández

1987 Atlas de las mariposas diurnas de Cuba (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). La Habana; Editorial Científico-Técnica: [viii] + 148 pp., 49 pls., 15 figs. {1987}



Alberti, Burchard

1944 Über die v. Silbernagelschen Colias-Kreuzungen nebst Bemerkungen über die Phylogenie der Gattung Colias. Mitteilungen der deutschen entomologischen Gesellschaft 12(2/10): 45-56 {Apr 1944}



Albre, Jerome, Charles Gers, Luc Legal

2008a Taxonomic notes on the species of the Erebia tyndarus group (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Lépidoptères - Revue des Lépidoptéristes de France 17(39): 12-28, figs., 2 tbls., 3 maps {Mar 2008}

2008b Molecular phylogeny of the Erebia tyndarus (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) species group combining CoxII and ND5 mitochondrial genes: A case study of a recent radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47(1): 196-210, 2 figs., 5 tbls. {Apr 2008}



Alexandrino, João, Stuart J. E. Baird, Lucinda Lawson, J. Robert Macey, Craig Moritz and David B. Wake

2005 Strong selection against hybrids at a hybrid zone in the Ensatina ring species complex and its evolutionary implications. Evolution 59(6):1334-1347, 6 figs., 4 tbls. {Jun 2005}



Alleaume-Benharira, M, I. R. Peni and O. Ronce

2006 Geographical patterns of adaptation within a species' range: interactions between drift and gene flow. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 19(1): 203-215, 6 figs., 1 tbl. {Jan 2006}



Allen, Garland E.

2004 Mendelian genetics and postgenomics: the legacy for today. Ludus Vitalis 12(21): 213-236 {2004}



Allen, Thomas J., Jim P. Brock and Jeffrey Glassberg

2005 Caterpillars in the field and garden: a field guide to the butterfly caterpillars of North America. Oxford/New York; Oxford University Press: viii + 232 pp., col. illus., col. maps {2005}



Allyn, Arthur Cecil, Jr. and John Charles Downey

1977 Observations on male U-V reflectance and scale ultrastructure in Phoebis (Pieridae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (42): 1-20, 17 figs. {10 May 1977}



Alphen, J. J. M. Van and O. Seehausen

2001 Some doubts about (yet another) view of species. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 14(6): 874-875 {Nov 2001}



Alphéraky, Serge Nikolaevich

1881 Lépidoptères du district de Kouldjà et des montagnes environnantes. 1ère Partie. Rhopalocera. Horae Societatis entomologicae rossicae 16(3/4): 334-435, pls. 14, 15 {1 Nov 1881}

1883 Ueber die Gattung Colias F. Entgegnung auf den vom Herrn Gerichtsrath A. Keferstein in den Verhandlungen der K. K. zoolog. botan. Gesellschaft Band XXXII pag. 449 publicirten Aufsatz. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 44(10-12): 488-495 {Oct-Dec 1883}

1897a Mémoire sur différents Lépidoptères, tant nouveaux que peu connus, de la faune paléarctique. Mémoirés sur les Lépidoptéres rédigés par N. M. Romanoff 9: 185-227, pls. 2, 5-18, 10, 13-4 {1897}

1897b Lepidopteren aus Kamtschatka, gesammelt von O. Herz. Mémoirés sur les Lépidoptéres rédigés par N. M. Romanoff 9: 301-347, pls. 6, 14 {Jun 1897}



Altizer, Sonia M., and Andrew K. Davis

2010 Populations of monarch butterflies with different migratory behaviors show divergence in wing morphology. Evolution 64(4): 1018-1028, 4 figs., 3 tabs. (Apr, online 27 Aug 2010}



Anderson, Richard A.

1974 Three new United States records (Lycaenidae and Nymphalidae) and other unusual captures from the lower Florida Keys. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(4): 354-358, 3 figs. {27 Dec 1974}



Andersen, William A. and Robert S. Simmons

1976 Notes of Maryland Lepidoptera. 5. A new subspecies of Poanes massasoit (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(1): 19-22, 10 figs. {22 Apr 1976}



Andersson, Lennart

1990 The driving force: species concepts and ecology. Taxon 39(3): 375-382. {Aug 1990}



Angevine, Mark W. and Peter F. Brussard

1979 Population structure and gene frequency analysis of sibling species of Lethe. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 33(1): 29-36, 1 fig., 3 tbls. {4 Jun 1979}



Anken, Ralf H.

1993 Bemerkungen zu Hermeuptychia hermes Fabricius im Südosten Nordamerikas (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 103(22): 415-419, 2 figs. {15 Nov 1993}

1994 Neue Taxa des Genus Hermeuptychia Forster aus Brasilien (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) 2. Beitrag zur Kenntnis neuer neotropischer Euptychiini. Entomologische Zeitschrift 104(14): 283-291, 6 figs. {15 Jul 1994}

1995 A record of Hermeuptychia cucullina (Weymer) from Brazil, including some remarks on other hermeuptychian taxa (Lep.: Satyridae). Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 107(9/10): 237-240, 2 figs. {15 Sep 1995}

*1998 Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Tagfalterfauna von Pote. Bearbeitung der um den Jahreswechsel 1996/97 in Pote (Minas Gerais, Brasilien) gesammelten Tagfalter. Erster Teil: Lycaenidae und Nymphalidae (ohne Satyrinae). (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Contribution to the knowledge on the butterfly fauna of Pote. Revision of the butterflies collected 1996/97 in Pote (Minas Gerais, Brazil). First part: Lycaenidae and Nymphalidae (with exclusion of Satyrinae). (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Facetta 15(1): 18-44, pl. 4, 7 figs. {Apr 1998}



Anken, Ralf H. and Helena Pinto Bivar de Matos e Silva

*1996 Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart von Aphrissa statira (Cramer, 1777) aus Sudost-Brasilien nebst Bemerkungen zur Taxonomie der Art im Gesamtverbreitungsgebiet (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Description of a new subspecies of Aphrissa statira (Cramer, 177) from south east Brazil with notes on taxonomy of the species in the overall distribution area (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Facetta 12: 5-12, 2 figs. {1996}



Anonymous

1881-2 Check list of the Macro-Lepidoptera of America, north of Mexico. Brooklyn, N[ew] Y[ork]; Brooklyn Entomological Society: [4] + 26 + iv pp. This checklist was issued to subscribers in parts with volume 4, numbers 5-10 (1881-1882) of the Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society, but paginated separately. It was also issued and sold with a title page dated 1882.

1964 Dates of publication of volumes 1 and 2 of the Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 2(4): 302 {Dec 1963 [Mar 1964]}

1995 Reports of "wow!" status. American Butterflies 3(4): 31 {Spring 1995}

2000 Run, don't walk, for stray adventures. American Butterflies 8(1): 43 {Spring 2000}



Apolinar, Hermano [né Nicholas Seiler]

1926 Algo sobre piéridos colombianos. Boletín de la Sociedad colombiana de Ciencias naturales 15(85): 43-54 {May 1926}

1942 Miscelanea entomólogica. Algo sôbre piéridos columbianos. (Continuación). Revista de la Academia columbiana de Ciencias exactas, físicas y naturales 5(17): 102-109, 1 pl. (Jan-Jun 1942)



Arey, Matthew D. and Alex Grkovich

2014 Cercyonis pegala agawamensis (Satyridae): A new butterfly subspecies from the coastal salt marshes of the northeastern United States of America. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 7(8): 1-5, 13 figs. {17 Jun 2014}



Arias, Juan Carlos

1968 Las expediciones científícas españolas durante el siglo XVIII. Expedición Botánica de Nueva España. Madrid; EdicionesCultura Hispánica: 427 pp., 59 pls. {5 June 1968}



Arbogast, Brian S., Scott V. Edwards, John Wakeley, Peter Beerli and Joseph B. Slowinski

2002 Estimating divergence times from molecular data on phylogenetic and population genetic timescales. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 707-740, 5 figs. {Nov 2002}



Arnold, Michael Lynn

1992 Natural hybridization as an evolutionary process. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 23: 237-261 {Nov 1991}

1997 Natural hybridization and evolution. New York/Oxford; Oxford University Press; Oxford series in ecology and evolution: xiii + 215 pp., illus., maps {1997}



Arnold, Richard Arthur

1983 Speyeria callippe (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): Application of information-theoretical and graph-clustering techniques to analyses of geographic variation and evaluation of classifications. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 76(6): 929-941, 6 figs., 6 tbls. {Nov 1983}

1985 Geographic variation in natural populations of Speyeria callippe (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 61(1): 1-23, 12 figs., 5 tbls. {Jan, 20 Feb 1985}

1993 The Lotis blue, Lycaenides [sic] idas lotis. Pp. 143-144, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}



Arnqvist, Göran

1998 Comparative evidence for the evolution of genitalia by sexual selection. Nature 393(6687): 784-786, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {25 June 1998}



Arthur, Noah

2009 Chlosyne rosita montana A. Hall, 1924 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeini): a new record for New Mexico. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 51(3): 93-94, 2 figs. {13 Nov 2009}



Arteméva, E. A. [, . .]

2005 Polyommatus icarus Rott. (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). 41(8): 1055-1067 {2005} [Clinal variation in wing pattern in the populations of blues Polyommatus icarus Rott. Genetics]



Ashlock, Peter D.

1979 An evolutionary systematist's view of classification. Systematic Zoology 28(4): 441-450, 2 figs. {Dec 1979}



Askew, Richard Robinson

1980 The butterfly (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) fauna of the Cayman Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin 241: 121-138, pls. 19-21 {1 Mar 1980}

1994 Insects of the Cayman Islands. Monographiae biologicae 71: 333-356, 3 figs., 3 tbls. {1994}



Askew, Richard Robinson and P. Ann Van B. Stafford

2008 Butterflies of the Cayman Islands. Stenstrup, Denmark; Apollo Press: 169 pp., 6 pls., figs., col. maps {2008}



Asou, Noriaki and Masayuki Sekiguchi

2002 Karafutoseseri (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae) no bunshi keit kaiseki. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of Thymelicus lineola (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 53(2): 103-109, 11 figs. {Mar 2002}



Aubert, Josiane, Bernard Barascud, Henri Descimon and François Michel

1996 Systématique moléculaire des argynnes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular systematics of the Argynninae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Series III, Sciences de la Vie 319(7): 647-651, 3 figs. {Jul 1996}



Aubert, Josiane, Luc Legal, Henri Descimon and François Michel

1999 Molecular phylogeny of swallowtail butterflies of the tribe Papilionini (Papilionidae, Lepidoptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 12(2): 156-167, 4 figs. 3 tbls. {Jul 1999}



Aurivillius, Per Olof Christopher

1882 Recensio critica Lepidopterorum Musei Ludovicae Ulricae quae descripsit Carolus a Linné. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar (Ny Följd 4)19(5): [2], 3-188, 1 pl., 4 figs. {1882}

1890 Grönlands insektfauna. I. Lepidoptera, Hymenoptera. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 15(4)(1): 1-34, pl. 1-3 {9 Jan 1889, 1890}

1898 Bemerkungen zu den von J. Chr. Fabricius aus Dänischen Sammlungen Beschriebenen Lepidopteren. Entomologisk Tidskrift 18(3-4): 139-174 {19 Jan 1898}

*1899 Ueber die Linnéischen Insektentypen in Upsala. Insektenbörse 16(24): 142 {15 Jun 1899}

1908-25

Die afrikanischer Tagfalter. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 13: 11-613, 80 pls.



Austaut, Jules Léon

1899 Lepidoptères nouveaux de l'Asie. Naturaliste (2)13(307): 285 {15 Dec 1899}

1910 Notice sur quelques Parnassius nouveaux. Entomologische Zeitschrift 24(11)(Beilag 1): 55-56 {18 Jun 1910}

1912 Lépidoptères asiatiques nouveaux. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 6(13): 87-89, 4 figs. {29 Jun 1912}



Austin, George T.

1980 A new Plebejus (Icaricia) shasta (Edwards) from southern Nevada (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(1): 20-24, fig. 1 {22 May 1980}

1981 Book Review: A catalogue/checklist of the butterflies of America north of Mexico. Lee D. Miller and F. Martin Brown. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 19(4): 241-244 {Winter 1980(1981), 1 Dec 1981}

1984a A new subspecies of Speyeria atlantis (Edwards) (Nymphalidae) from the Great Basin of Nevada. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(3): 244-248, 2 figs. {27 Apr 1984}

1984b A new subspecies of Lycaena editha (Mead) (Lycaenidae) from Nevada. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 23(1): 83-88, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {Spring 1984, 15 Jun 1984}

1986a Nevada butterflies: Preliminary checklist and distribution. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 39(2): 95-118 {7 Jan 1986}

1986b Pyrgus communis and P. albescens (Hesperiidae) in Nevada. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 40(1): 55-58; 2 figs., 1 tbl. {9 Oct 1986}

1986c A review of the satyrine genus Neominois. with descriptions of three new subspecies. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (107): 1-27, 6 figs. {30 Dec 1986}

1987 Nevada populations of Polites sabuleti and the descriptions of five new subspecies. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (109): 1-24, 6 figs., 1 tbl. {3 Sep 1987}

1988 Nevada populations of Polites sabuleti II. Replacement name for Polites sabuleti pallida. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (120): 1. {15 Sep 1988}

1989a Apodemia palmerii (Lycaenidae: Riodininae): Misapplication of names, two new subspecies and a new allied species. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 125-140, 3 figs. {{Autumn 1987(1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}

1989b A replacement name for Lycaena editha nevadensis Austin (Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(3/4): 266 {Winter 1988(1989), 10 Dec 1989}

1991 A review of Apodemia hepburni (Lycaenidae: Riodinidae) with a description of a new subspecies. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(2): 135-141, 9 figs., 1 tbl. {24 Oct 1991}

1992 Cercyonis pegala (Fabricius) (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) in the Great Basin: New subspecies and biogeography. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (135): 1-59, 214 figs. {6 Aug 1992}

1998a Hesperiidae of Rondônia Brazil: Ridens and the "proteus" group of Urbanus, with descriptions of new species (Pyrginae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 52(2): 166-176, 12 figs. {21 July 1998}

1998b New subspecies of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and California. Pp. 523-532, 28 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998c New subspecies of Pieridae (Lepidoptera) from Nevada. Pp. 533-538, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998d New subspecies of Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and Arizona. Pp. 539-572, 132 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998e New subspecies of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and Arizona. Pp. 573-586, 28 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998f Callophrys (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in Nevada, with description of a new subspecies of C. comstocki. Pp. 619-628, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998g Type data for butterflies described from Nevada. Pp. 629-640, in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998h Variation of Phyciodes pulchellus (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the Great Basin of Nevada. Pp. 737-748, 3 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998i The correct name of the Danaus gilippus (Cramer) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the southwestern United States. Pp. 749-750, in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998j Limenitis archippus (Cramer) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in the western United States with special reference to its biogeography in the Great Basin. Pp. 751-762, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998k A new subspecies of Euphilotes pallescens (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the northern Great Basin of Nevada. Pp. 815-818, 2 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998l Notes on Plebejus saepiolus (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Polyommatinae) in Nevada, with description of a new subspecies. Pp. 819-824, 2 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

2000 Hesperiidae of Rondônia, Brazil: "Antigonus" genus group (Pyrginae), with taxonomic comments and descriptions of new species from Brazil and Guatemala. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 54(1): 1-28, 114 figs. {6 Nov 2000}

2002 Female North American Everes Hübner [1819] and the identity of Lycaena sissona W. G. Wright, 1905 (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 56(4):292-295, 24 figs. {9 Dec 2002}



Austin, George T., John F. Baughman and Dennis D. Murphy

1998 Pattern of phenotypic variation in the Euphydryas chalcedona complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) of the southern intermountain region. Pp. 419-432, 7 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T., Bruce M. Boyd and Dennis D. Murphy

2008 Euphilotes ancilla (Lycaenidae) in the Spring Mountains, Nevada: More than one species? Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 62(3): 148-160, 4 figs., 2 tbls. {14 Nov 2008}



Austin, George T. and John F. Emmel

1998a New subspecies of butterflies (Lepidoptera) from Nevada and California. Pp. 501-522, 66 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998b A review of Papilio multicaudatus Kirby (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Pp. 691-699, 12 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T., John F. Emmel and Thomas Chadbourne Emmel

1998 A new neotype and a rerestriction of the type locality for Lycaena shasta W. H. Edwards (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Pp. 115-116, in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T., John F. Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon

1998 A new subspecies name for the western segregate of Hesperia nevada (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae. Pp. 487-490, 2 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T. and Richard E. Gray

1998 The Coenonympha tullia (Müller) complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) of the Great Basin region. Pp. 587-612, 117 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T., Nick M. Haddad, Claudio Méndez, Thomas D. Sisk, Dennis D. Murphy, Alan E. Launer and Paul R. Ehrlich

1996 Annotated checklist of the butterflies of Tikal National Park area of Guatemala. Tropical Lepidoptera 7(1):21-37, 20 figs, 3 tbls. {25 Jun 1996}



Austin, George T. and Kurt Johnson

1997a Theclinae of Rondonia, Brazil: Strymon Hubner, with descriptions of new species (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Insecta Mundi 11(3-4): 201-235, 67 figs. {Sep-Dec 1997}

1997b Theclinae of Rondonia, Brazil: Gigantorubra and Angulopis, with descriptions of new species (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Insecta Mundi 11(3/4): 255-272, 34 figs. {Sep-Dec 1997}



Austin, George T. and Patrick Leary

2008 Larval hostplants of butterflies in Nevada. Holarctic Lepidoptera 12(1/2): 135 pp., 14 cpls. {Aug 2008}



Austin, George T. and William W. McGuire

1998a Description of a new subspecies of Hesperia comma (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Nevada. Pp. 481-486, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998b Hesperia uncas W. H. Edwards (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in the Great Basin region, with descriptions of new subspecies. Pp. 775-794, 20 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George. T. and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke

1998 Hesperiidae of Rondônia, Brazil: Aguna Williams. (Pyrginae), with a partial revision and descriptions of new species from Panama, Ecuador, and Brazil. Revista brasileira de Zoologia 14(4): 889-965, 83 figs., 1 tbl. {Dec 1997(1998), 30 Jun 1998}

2000 Hesperiidae of Rondônia, Brazil: Cephise Evans (Pyrginae), with descriptions of new species from Mexico and Brazil. Revista brasileira de Zoologia 17(3): 757-788, 55 figs. {30 Jun 2000}



Austin, George T. and Douglas Mullins

1984 A new Limenitis weidemeyerii W. H. Edwards from southeastern Arizona (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 22(4): 225-228, 1 fig. {Winter 1983(84), 15 Mar 1984}



Austin, George T. and Dennis M. Murphy

1987 Zoogeography of Great Basin Butterflies: Patterns of distribution and differentiation. Great Basin Naturalist 47(2): 186-201, 2 figs., 10 tbls. {30 Apr 1987}

[1989] Book Review: A Field Guide to Western Butterflies. Tilden J. W. and A. C. Smith, 1986. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 278-283 {Autumn 1987(1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}

1998 Euphydryas editha of the Great Basin, with descriptions of three new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 407-418, 37 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T., Dennis M. Murphy, John F. Baughman, Alan E. Launer and Erica Fleishman

2003 Hybridization of checkerspot butterflies in the Great Basin. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 57(3): 176-192, 2 figs., 7 tbls. {29 Sep 2003}



Austin, George T. and Patrick J. Savage

1998 A new subspecies of Satyrium saepium (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the southeastern intermountain region. Pp. 613-618, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T. and Michael J. Smith

1998a Revision of the Thessalia leanira complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae): Thessalia leanira (C. & R. Felder), with descriptions of four new subspecies. Pp. 333-358, 67 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998b Revision of the Thessalia theona complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae). Pp. 359-396, 223 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Austin, George T. and Stephen Rogers Steinhauser

1996 Hesperiidae of central Rondônia, Brazil: Celaenorrhinus Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyrginae), with descriptions of three new species and taxonomic comments. Insecta Mundi 10(1/4): 25-44, 58 figs. {Dec 1996}



Austin, George T. and Andrew David Warren

2001 Taxonomic notes on some Neotropical skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae): Pyrgus, Heliopyrgus, and Heliopetes (Pyrginae). Dugesiana 8(1): 1-13, 27 figs. {Jul 2001}

2002 Taxonomic notes on some Neotropical skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae): Pyrrhopyginae and Pyrginae. Dugesiana 9(2): 15-49, 136 figs. {Dec 2002}



Austin, George T., Andrew David Warren and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke

2008 Variation of Copaeodes minima and the status of Copaeodes rayata (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae). Florida Entomologist 91(4): 636-642, 4 figs.{ Dec 2008}



Avinoff, André Nicolaevitsch

1926 Descriptions of some new species and varieties of Rhopalocera in the Carnegie Museum. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 16(3/4): 355-374, pls. 30-33 {10 Apr 1926}

1930 Two new subspecies of Melitaea harrisi, with remarks upon related forms. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 19(3): 161-166, pl. 6 {21 Jan 1930}

1933 List of entomological papers written by Dr. W. J. Holland. Entomological News 44(7): 171-177 {[25] Jul 1933}



Avinoff, André Nicolaevitsch and Nicholas Shoumatoff

1941 Some new and undescribed Jamaican butterflies. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 28(15): 309-322, pl. 36, 1 fig. {22 May 1941}

1946 An annotated list of the butterflies of Jamaica. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 30(16): 263-295, 1 pl. {13 Dec 1946}



Avise, John C.

1974 Systematic value of electrophoretic data. Systematic Zoology 23(4): 465-481. {Dec 1974}

1994 Molecular markers, natural history & evolution. New York; Chapman & Hall: 511 pp. {1994}

1995 Mitochondrial DNA polymorphism and a connection between genetics and demography of relevance to conservation. Conservation Biology 9(3): 686-690 {Jun 1995}

2000 Phylogeography: The history and formation of species. Cambridge, Mass; Harvard University Press: viii + 447 pp., illus., maps {2000}

2001 Captivating life: A naturalist in the age of genetics. Washington, DC; Smithsonian Institution Press: vii + 212 pp., illus {2001}

2003 The best and the worst of times for evolutionary biology. BioScience 53(3): 247-255 {Mar 2003}

2004 Molecular markers, natural history, and evolution. (Second edition). Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates: 684 pp., illus. {2004}



Avise, John C., Jonathan Arnold, R. Martin Ball, Eldredge Bermingham, trip Lamb, Joseph E. Neigel, Carol A. Reeb and Nancy C. Saunders

1987 Intraspecific phylogeography: The mitochondrial DNA bridge between population genetics and systematics. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 18: 489-522, 8 figs., 1 tbl. {Nov 1987}



Avise, John C. and R. M. Ball

1990 Principles of genealogical concordance in species concepts and biological taxonomy. Pp. 45-67, in: D. Futuyma, J. Antonovics (Eds.). Oxford surveys in evolutionary biology. Volume 7. Oxford; Oxford University Press: x + 314 pp., illus. {1990}



Avise, John C. and Dale Mitchell

2007 Time to standardize taxonomies. Systematic Biology 56(1): 130-133 {1 Feb 2007}



Avise, John C. and Jin-Xian Liu

2011 On the temporal inconsistencies of Linnean taxonomic ranks. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 102(4): 707-714, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Apr, online 14 Mar 2011}



Avise, John C. and DeEtte Walker

2000 Abandon all species concepts? A response. Conservation Genetics 1(1): 77-80 {Mar 2000}



Avise, John C. and DeEtte Walker and Glenn C. Johns

1998 Speciation durations and Pleistocene effects on vertebrate phylogeography. Proceedings of the Royal Society in London (B) 265(1407): 1707-1712, 4 figs. {22 Sep 1998}



Ayala, Francisco J.

2004 Ernst Mayr and the theory of evolution. Ludus Vitalis 12(21): 3-13 {2004}



Ayala, Francisco J. and Robert Arp (Eds.)

2009 Contemporary debates in philosophy of biology. Chichester, U.K./Malden, MA; Wiley-Blackwell Publications: xii + 426 pp.: illus. {online 11 Nov 2009, 2010}



Ayres, Matthew P., Janice L. Bossart and J. Mark Scriber

1991 Variation in the nutritional physiology of tree-feeding swallowtail caterpillars. Pp. 85-102, in: Yu N. Baranchikov, W. J. Mattson, F. P. Hain and T. L. Payne (Eds), Forest insect guilds: Patterns of interaction with host trees; 1989 August 13-17. Abakan; Siberia, U.S.S.R.; Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-153. Radnor, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 400 pp.



Azarova, N. A. [, . .]

1986 . . (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) - . . 121-128, .: . . ( ), a . ; "", - : 130 {1986} [Type material of A. I. Kurentsov's Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) in the collection of the Soil Biology Institute, Far-Eastern Science Center of the Academy of Sciences USSR. in: P. Ler & V. Kononenko, Systematics and Ecology of the Lepidoptera of the Far Eastern USSR. Vladivostok; "Science", Far-Eastern Science Center, Soil-Biology Institute]



--B--



Back, Werner

1991 Taxonomische Unterschungen innerhalb der Artengruppe um Euchloe ausonia (Hübner, 1804) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Atalanta (München) 21(3/4): 187-206, 318-321 {Dec 1990, 11 Feb 1991}

2010 Zwei neue Schwesternarten der Gattung Anthocharis Boisduval, Rambur, Duméril & Graslin, 1833: Anthocharis australis (F. Grinnell, 1908) stat. rev. und Anthocharis mandschurica (Bollow, 1930) stat. nov. sowie die Beschreibung von Anthocharis mandschurica nanjingensis subsp. nov. (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 64: 145-146 {12 Feb 2010}

2013 Bestätigung des Vorkommens von Euchoe ausonia kamchatkensis Back, 2008 (= "E. naina") in Yukon, Kanada und Zuordnung von Euchloe ausonides insulanus Guppy & Shepard, 2001. Atalanta 44(1-4): 118 {2103



Back, Werner, Thomas Knebelsberger, Michael A. Miller

2006 Molecular investigations of the species and subspecies of the genus Anthocharis Boisduval, Rambur, Duméril & Graslin, 1833 with a special focus on the cardamines - group (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Molekularbiologisch Euchloe Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Linneana Belgica 20(6): 245-253, 4 figs., 1 tbl., 1 cpl. {Jul 2006}

2008 Molekularbiologisch Untersuchungen und Systematik der palaearktischen Arten von Euchloe Hübner, [1819] (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 118(4): 151-169, 71 figs. {15 Aug 2008}



Back, Werner. Michael A. Miller, and Paul A. Opler

2011 Genetic, phenetic and distributional relationships of Nearctic Euchloe (Pieridae, Pierinae, Anthocharidini). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 65(1): 1-14, 5 figs., 5 tbls {20 Apr 2011}



Badyaev, Alexander V.

2004 Integration and modularity in the evolution of sexual ornaments. Pp. 50-79, in: M. Pigliucci and K. A. Preston (Eds.), Phenotypic integration: studying the ecology and evolution of complex phenotypes. Oxford/New York; Oxford University Press: xv + 443 pp., illus {2004}



Bagget, H. D.

1982 Zone 6: South: Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennesee, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South & North Carolina, Virginia. Pp. 25-27, in: 1981 Season summary. News of the Lepidopterist's Society 1982(2): 13-31 {Mar/Apr 1982}

1983 Zone 6: South: Arkansas, Louisiana, Tennesee, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South & North Carolina, Virginia. Pp. 28-30, in: 1982 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterist's Society 1983(2): 13-35 {Mar/Apr 1983}



Bailey, James Spencer

1880 Description of a new species of Pleusioneura from Central America. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(7): 62-63 {Nov 1880}



Bailowitz, Richard A.

1983 The correct placement of Everes 'herri.' Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(4): 308-309 {18 Mar 1983}

1989 Systematics of Ascia (Ganyra) (Pieridae) populations in the Sonoran Desert. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 73-81, 7 figs. {Autumn 1987(1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}



Bailowitz, Richard A. and Jim Brock

1991 Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991}



Balakrishnan, Rohini

2005 Species concepts, species boundaries and species identification: a view from the tropics. Systematic Biology 54(4): 689-693 {Aug 2005}



Bálint, Zsolt

1993 Comments and additions concerning the recent "Catalogue" of Neotropical Polyommatine Lycaenidae. Reports of the Museum of natural History. University of Wisconsin (Stevens Point) 42: [i-ii], 1-4 {13 Dec 1993}

1995 A review of recent literature and taxonomic synonymy in the Neotropical Polyommatinae (Lycaenidae). Reports of the Museum of natural History, University of Wisconsin (Stevens Point) 49: 1-10 {28 Dec 1995}

1996 An overview of Neotropical Polyommatus (sensu Eliot, 1973) lycaenid butterflies. Esperiana 4: 159-166, pls.J-K {18 Dec 1996}

1999 Annotated list of the type specimens of Polyommatus sensu Eliot of the Natural History Museum, London (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 46: 1-89, 4 pls., 2 tbls. {Nov 1999}

2005 Frederick W. Goodson and his contribution to the taxonomy of neotropical hairstreak butterflies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Eumaeini). Systematics and Biodiversity 2(4): 355-373 {28 Apr 2005}

2006 Monophyly, parsimony and stability: threats to taxonomy. Genus 17(3): 311-315, [1] fig. {30 Sep 2006}

2008 Lepidoptera collections of historical importance in the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 17-35, 17 figs. {2008}



Bálint, Zsolt and Kim Goodger

2003 The Neotropical eumaeine lycaenids of the Cajetan and Rudolf Felder collection. Part I: Review of type material of the taxa described by the Felders (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Quadrifina 6 : 67-140, 76 figs. {15 Dec 2003}



Bálint, Zsolt, Crispin S. Guppy, Norbert G. Kondla, Kurt Johnson, and Christopher J. Durden

2001 Plebeius Kluk 1780, or Plebejus Kluk, 1802? Folia entomologica hungarica (n.s.)62: 177-184, 7 figs. {31 Dec 2001}



Bálint, Zsolt and Kurt Johnson

1995a Neotropical Polyommatine diversity and affinities. I. Relationships of the higher taxa (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Acta zoologica Academiae Scientarum hungaricae. 41(3): 211-235 {Aug, [after 4 Dec] 1995}

1995b Polyommatine lycaenids of the oreal biome in the Neotropics, part IV: Species diagnostics of the genus Leptotes in continental South America (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Reports of the Museum of natural History, University of Wisconsin (Stevens Point) 44: 1-24, pls. 2-3, 25 figs. {28 Dec 1995}

1997 Reformation of the Polyommatus section with a taxonomic and biogeographic overview (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatini). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 40: 1-68, 4 pls., 23 figs. {Nov 1997}



Bálint, Zsolt and Gerardo Lamas

1997 On the taxonomy of the Neotropical polyommatine Lycaenids (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Polyommatini). Annales historico-naturales Musei nationalis hungarici 88: 127-144, 47 figs., 4 tabs. {1996, [Jan 1997]}



Bálint, Zsolt and Thi Hong Nguyen

2006 A catalogue of Californian lycaenid butterfly specimens of historical interest deposited in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 111(4): 489-516, 5 figs. {18 Dec 2006}



Bálint, Zsolt and Janusz Wojtusiak

2005 Contributions to the knowledge of Neotropical lycaenid butterflies: Polyommatinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Genus 16(4): 543-554 {28 Dec 2005}



Ballard, J. William and Michael C. Whitlock

2004 The incomplete natural history of mitochondria. Molecular Ecology 13(4): 729-744 {Apr 2004}



Balletto, Emilio

1995 Endemism, areas of endemism, biodiversity and butterfly conservation in the Euro-Mediterranean area. Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali di Torino 13 (2): 445-491 {1995}



Ballmer, Gregory R. and Gordon F. Pratt

1988 A survey of the last instar larvae of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) of California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(1): 257-258 {Spring 1988}

1989 Instar number and larval development in Lycaena phlaeas hypophlaeas (Boisduval) (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 43(1): 59-65, 1 tbl. {3 Mar 1989}

1992 Loranthomitoura, a new genus of Eumaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Tropical Lepidoptera 3(1): 37-46, 26 figs. {30 May [11 Jun] 1992}



Bang-Haas, Andreas

1912 Neue oder wenig bekannte palaearktische Makrolepidopteren. IV. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 26(2): 103-110 {29 Jun 1912}; (4): pl. 6 {14 Jan 1913}



Bang-Haas, Otto

1927 Horae Macrolepidopterologicae, regionis Palaearcticae. Dresden; Staudinger & Bang-Haas 1 (Ed.): xxvii + 128 pp., 11 pls. {16 Jul-25 Oct 1927}

1930 Novitates Macrolepidopterologicae. Katalog der Neubeschreibungen von palaearktischen Macrolepidopteren. Band V. Neubeschreibungen des Jahres 1929. Faunenverzeichnisse der Jahre 1758 bis 1930. Dresden-Blasewitz; Staudinger and Bang-Haas (Ed.): I-XVI, 1-152 {1930}

1934 Neubeschreibungen und Berichtigungen der Palaearktischen Macrolepidopterenfauna. XV. Entomologische Zeitschrift 48(17): 135 {8 Dec 1934}

1938 Neubeschreibungen und Berichtigungen der Palaearktischen Macrolepidopterenfauna XXXVII. Parnassiana 6(3/4): 15-24, 2pls. {7 Nov 1938}



Banks, Nathan

1900 A list of works on North American entomology. Compiled under the direction of the entomologist, for the use of students and other workers, as well as for those about to begin the collecting and study of insects. Bulletin, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Department of Entomology 24 (n.s): 95 pp. {1900}

1910 A list of works on North American entomology. Compiled for the use of students and other workers as well as for those about to begin the collection and study of insects. Bulletin, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Department of Entomology 81: 120 pp. {17 Jan 1910}



Banks, Nathan and Andrew Nelson Caudell

1912 The entomological code. A code of nomenclature for use in entomology. Washington, D.C.; Judd & Detweiler, Inc.: 31 pp. {May 1912}



Bar, Constant

1878 Note critique sur les différents systèmes de classification des lépidoptères rhopalocères Établis depuis l'époque de Latreille et essai d'une nouvelle classification jusqu'aux genres exclusivement. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 5(8)(1): 5-30 {26 Jun 1878}



Barbut, James

1781 Les genres des insectes de Linne: constates par divers echantillons d'insectes d'Angleterre, copies d'apres nature. The genera insectorum of Linnaeus exemplified by various specimens of English insects drawn from nature. A Londres; imprime par Jacques Dixwell, J. Sewell: [2]+ xvii + [3] + 371 + [20] pp., 22 leaves of plates {1781}



Barcant, Malcolm

1970 Butterflies of Trinidad and Tobago. London; Collins: 314 pp., 28 pls., 4 figs. {1970}



Bargmann, N. Rudolph

1929 Neue exotische Falter. Entomologische Anzeiger (Wien) 9(2)[55]: 32-38 {20 Jan 1929}



Barkley, Theodore M., Paula DePriest, Vicki Funk, Robert W. Kiger, W. John Kress and Gerry Moore

2004 Linnaean nomenclature in the 21st Century: a report from a workshop on integrating traditional nomenclature and phylogenetic classification. Taxon 53(1): 153-158, 1 tbl. {Feb 2004}



Barkley, Theodore M., Paula DePriest, Vicki Funk, Robert W. Kiger, W. John Kress, John

McNeill, Gerry Moore, Dan H. Nicolson, Dennis W. Stevenson and Quentin D. Wheeler

2004 A review of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature with respect to its compatibility with phylogenetic classification. Taxon 53(1): 159-161 {Feb 2004}



Barnes, Jeffrey K.

1988 Asa Fitch and the emergence of American entomology. With an entomological bibiography and a catalog of taxonomic names and type specimens. Bulletin of the New York State Museum (461): 120 pp., numerous figs. {1988}



Barnes, William

1897 Some new species and varieties of North American Lepidoptera from the western U. S. Canadian Entomologist 29(2): 39-42 {1 Feb 1897}

1900a Notes on North American diurnals with some additions and corrections to Dr. Skinner's catalogue. Entomological News 11(10): 328-332 {Jan 1900}

1900b New species and varieties of North American Lepidoptera. Canadian Entomologist 32(2): 42-48 {Feb 1900}

1928 Some new species and varieties of North American Lepidoptera. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 5(1): 5-13 {[28] Jul 1928}



Barnes, William and Foster Hendrickson Benjamin

1923a Nomenclature. Notes and new species. Lycaenidae. Theclinae. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 5(2): 62-96 {17 Mar 1923}

1923b A new race of Brenthis from Colorado (Lepid.). Canadian Entomologist 55(6): 146 {25 Jun 1923}

1923c On Megathymus stephensi Skinner (Lepid., Hesperiidae). Entomological News 34(7): 218-219 {[5] Jul 1923}

1924a Notes and new species. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 5(3): 99-199 {12 Apr 1924}

1924b Note on Phaedrotes piasus Bdv. (Lepid.: Lycaenidae). Entomological News 35(7): 232-233 {[3] Jul 1924}

1924c U. S. records of Pholisora ascalaphus Staud., (Lepid., Hesperiidae). Entomological News 35(10): 370 {12 Dec 1924}

1925a A new subspecies of Brenthis myrina Cram. (Lepid.). Entomological News 36(2): 44 {[5] Feb 1925}

1925b Notes on two butterfly names omitted from recent lists. Entomological News 36(4): 118-119 {Apr, [30 Mar] 1925}

1926a Check list of the diurnal Lepidoptera of boreal America. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 25(1): 3-27 {30 Mar 1926}

1926b A resumé of the works of Jacob Hübner in regard to the nomenclature employed therein. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 28(4): 86-92 {21 Apr 1926}

1926c Types of North American Lepidoptera in the Natural History Museum, Vienna. Entomological News 37(5): 139-140 {May [29 Apr] 1926}

1926d On the nomenclature of a species of Polites (Lep. Hesperiidae). Entomological News 37(8): 269-270 {[15] Oct 1926}

1926e Notes on diurnal Lepidoptera, with additions and corrections to the recent "List of diurnal Lepidoptera." Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 25(3): 88-98 {Sep-Dec, 8 Dec 1926}

1926f The Hubner Tentamen. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 25(3): 99-104 {Sep-Dec, 8 Dec 1926}



Barnes, William and Arthur Ward Lindsey

1921 On some species of Hesperia (Lepid., Hesperidae). Entomological News 32(3): 78-80 {[7] Mar 1921}

1922 A review of some generic names in the order Lepidoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 15(1): 89-99 {Mar [19 Apr] 1922}



Barnes, William and James Halliday McDunnough

1910 A new Thecla from Texas. Canadian Entomologist 42(11): 365-366 {11 Nov 1910}

1911 Some remarks on Mastor bellus and. M. phylace (Lepid.). Entomological News 22(6): 267-268 {Jun 1911}

1912a Revision of the Megathymidae. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 1(3): 1-45, [1] + 6 pls. {1 Feb 1912}

1912b Further remarks on Thecla clytie, leda and ines (Lepid.). Entomological News 23(2): 49-53, pl. 6, figs. 1-7 {Feb 1912}

1912c Basilarchia weidemeyerii angustifascia, a new geographical race. Canadian Entomologist 44(5): 163 {8 May 1912}

1913a Illustrations of rare and typical Lepidoptera. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 2(1): 1-44, pls. 1-21 {10 Mar 1913}

1913b New N. Am. Lepidoptera with notes on described species. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 2(3): 91-164; pls. 1-9 {15 Apr 1913}

1913c Species of Lepidoptera new to our fauna, with synonymical notes. Canadian Entomologist 45(6): 182-185 {7 Jun 1913}

1914 A note on Argynnis laurenti Skinner (Lepid.). Entomological News 25(7): 323-324 {Jul, [30 Jun] 1914}

1916a Some new races and species of North American Lepidoptera. Canadian Entomologist 48(7): 221-226 {12 Jul 1916}

1916b Notes on North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 3(2): 49-156; pls. 4-11 { 5 Dec 1916}

1917a Further notes on Philotes battoides and it's allies. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 3(4): 213-216, pls. 16, 17 {10 Mar 1917}

1917b Check list of the Lepidoptera of boreal America. Decatur, Illinois; Herald Press: v-viii + 392 pp. {Feb 1917}

1918 Notes and new species. Contributions to the natural History of the Lepidoptera of North America 4(2): 61-208 + [4], pls. 11-25 {15 May 1918}

1919 A new race of Plebeius icarioides from Vancouver Island. Canadian Entomologist 51(4): 92-93 {28 Apr 1919}



Barraclough, Timothy G.

2010 Evolving entities: Towards a unified framework for understanding diversity at the species and higher levels. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 365 (1547): 1801-1813, 5 figs., suppl. {12 Jun 2010}



Barraclough, Timothy G. and Sean Nee

2001 Phylogenetics and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 16(7): 391-399, 2 figs., 4 boxes {1 Jul 2001}



Bartel, Rebecca A., Karen S. Oberhauser, Jacobus C. de Roode and Sonia M. Altizer

2011 Monarch butterfly migration and parasite transmission in eastern North America. Ecology 92(2): 342-351, 1 pl., 4 figs. (Feb 2011}



Barton, Nicholas H.

2001 The role of hybridization in evolution. Molecular Ecology 10(3): 551-568, 8 figs. {Mar 2001}



Barton, Nicholas H. and Godfrey M. Hewitt

1985 Analysis of hybrid zones. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 16: 113-148, 4 figs., 2 tbls. {1985}

1989 Adaptation, speciation and hybrid zones. Nature (London) 341(6242): 497-503. {12 Oct 1989}



Basham, Benton, Janet Rathjen, Ed Knudson, Charles W. Bordelon, Jr. and Andrew David Warren

2005 Heliopyrgus sublinea (Hesperiidae, Pyrginae): A new record for Texas and the United States. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(1): 9-10, 6 figs. {Spring, 1 Apr 2005}



Bates, D. Marston

1924 Notes on Florida Lepidoptera. Florida Entomologist 7(3): 42-43 {Jan 1924}

1926 A generic correction (Lepidoptera). Entomological News 37(5): 154 {May [29 Apr] 1926}

1934a New Lepidoptera from the Bahamas. Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of natural History 8: 133-138 {1 Jun 1934}

1934b Notes on some tropical Florida butterflies (Lepid.: Rhopalocera). Entomological News 45(6): 166-169 {[11] Jun 1934}

1935 The butterflies of Cuba. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 78(2): 63-258, 24 figs. {Feb 1935}



Bates, Henry Walter

1861a Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley. (Continued). Transactions of the entomological Society of London (2)5(8): 335-361 {[25] Feb 1861}

1861b Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley-Lepidoptera-Papilionidae. Journal of Entomology 1(4): 218-245 {Dec 1861}

1862 Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley. Lepidoptera: Heliconidae. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23(3): 495-566, pls. 55-56 {[13 November 1862}

1863 On a collection of butterflies brought by Messrs. Salvin and Godman from Panama, with remarks on geographical distribution. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1863(2): 239-249, pl. 29 {[Oct] 1863}

1864a Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley--Lepidoptera--Nymphalidae. Journal of Entomology 2(10): 175-213, pls. 9-10 {Jun 1864}

1864b New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. DuCane Godman, Esqs. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 1(1): 1-6 {1 Jun 1864}

1864c New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panamá. (Continued). Entomologist's monthly Magazine 1(2): 31-35 {1 Jul 1864}

1864d New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panamá (Continued). Entomologist's monthly Magazine 1(4): 81-85 {1 Sep 1864}

1864e New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panamá. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 1(5): 113-116 {1 Oct 1864}

1864f New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panamá. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 1(6): 126-131 {1 Nov 1864}

1865 Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon Valley (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Journal of Entomology 2(12): 311-346, pls. 13*, 14 {Mar 1865}

1866a New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama. (Supplement.). Entomologist's monthly Magazine 3(30): 133-136 {Nov 1866}

1866b New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama. (Supplement.). Entomologist's monthly Magazine 3(31): 152-157 {Dec 1866}

1867 A catalogue of Erycinidae, a family of diurnal Lepidoptera. Journal of the Linnean Society (London) (Zoology) 9(28): 367-372 {[13 Dec] 1867}

1868 A catalogue of Erycinidae, a family of diurnal Lepidoptera. Journal of the Linnean Society (London) (Zoology) 9(29): 373-459 {[18 Feb] 1868}



Bateson, William

1894 Materials for the study of variation treated with especial regard to discontinuity in the origin of species. London/ New York; Macmillan & Co.: xv + 598 pp. : illus. {1894}



Bauer, David L.

1955 A new race of Papilio indra from the Grand Canyon region. Lepidopterists' News 9(2/3): 49-54, 1 pl. {10 Aug 1955}

1959 A new subspecies of Microtia dymas from southern California. Lepidopterists' News 12(3/4): 97-100 {1958, 26 Jan 1959}

1960 A new geographical subspecies of Chlosyne hoffmanni (Nymphalidae) from Washington State. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 13(4): 207-211, 7 figs. {1959, 1 Aug 1960}

1961a Descriptions of two new Chlosyne (Nymphalidae) from Mexico, with a discussion of related forms. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 14(2): 148-154, 5 figs. {1960, 31 Mar 1961}

1961b Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 127-146, in: P. Ehrlich & A. Ehrlich, How to know the butterflies. Dubuque, Iowa; W. C. Brown Co.: [8] + 262 pp., 525 figs. {1961}

1975 Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 139-195, in: W. Howe (ed.) The Butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls., 32 tf. {[7 Nov] 1975}



Baughman, John F., Peter F. Brussard, Paul R. Ehrlich and Dennis D. Murphy

1990 History, selection, drift, and gene flow: complex differentiation in checkerspot butterflies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68(9): 1967-1975 {Sep 1990}



Baughman, John F. and Dennis D. Murphy

1998 Differentiation in a widely distributed, polytypic butterfly genus: Five new subspecies of California Euphydryas (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 397-406, 9 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Baum, David A.

2009 Species as ranked taxa. Systematic Biology 58(1): 74-86, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Feb 2009}



Baum, David A. and Michael J. Donoghue

1995 Choosing among alternative "phylogenetic" species concepts. Systematic Botany 20(4): 560-573, 6 figs. {Oct-Dec 1995}



Baum, David A. and Kerry L. Shaw

1995 Genealogical perspectives on the species problem. Pp. 289-303, in: P. C. Hoch and A. G. Stephenson (Eds.), Experimental and Molecular Approaches to Plant Biosystematics. St Louis; Missouri Botanical Garden; papers presented at the Fifth International Symposium of the International Organization of Plant Biosystematists, held 11-15 June 1992 in St. Louis, Missouri; Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 53: xxii + 391 pp., illus. {1995}



Baxter, Simon W., S. E. Johnston and Chris D. Jiggins

2008 Butterfly speciation and the distribution of gene effect sizes fixed during adaptation. Heredity 102(5): 57-65, 4 figs., 1 tblb. (May 2009, online 5 November 2008}



Bean, Thomas Ebaneser

1890 The butterflies of Laggan, N. W. T.; account of certain species inhabiting the Rocky Mountains in latitudes 51o 25'. Canadian Entomologist 22(5): 94-99 {2 May}

1895 A comparison of Colias hecla with C. meadii and C. elis. Psyche 7(228): 219-229 {Apr 1895}



Beattie, John R.

1976 The Rhopalocera Directory. Insecta directory. Berkeley; JB Indexes; 1: xiv + 365 pp. {Jun 1976}



Beccaloni, George W., Malcolm J. Scoble, Gaden S. Robinson and Brian Pitkin

2003 The global Lepidoptera names index (LepIndex).

http://www.nhm.ac.uk/entomology/lepindex.



Beccaloni, George W. and Fernley B. Symons

2000 Variation of butterfly diet breadth in relation to host-plant predictability: results from two faunas. Oikos 90(1): 50-66, 4 tbls. {Jul 2000}



Beccaloni, George William, Angel Luis Viloria, Stephen Kenneth Hall and Gaden Sutherland Robinson

2008 Catalogue of the hostplants of the Neotropical butterflies. Catálogo de las plantas huésped de las mariposas neotropicales. Zaragoza, Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa. (Monografías del Tercer Milenio, Vol. 8): 536 pp., figs., 3 tbls. {31 Mar 2008}



Beck, Andrew F.

1985 Zone 9 Southeast: Tennesee, Mississippi, Alabama, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Bermuda. pp. 28-29, in: 1984 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1985(2): 28-29 {Mar/Apr 1985}



Behr, Hans Herman

1862 Our California argynnides. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]2(11): 172 {Sep 1862}; (12): 173-177 {Dec 1862}

1863 On Californian Lepidoptera--No. III. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]3(6): 84-93 {Dec 1863}

1864a On Californian Lepidoptera. No. IV. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]3(8): 123-127 {Mar 1864}

1864b Notes on californian satyrides. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]3(11): 163-166 {Dec 1864}

1864c In: W. H. Edwards, Notes on the argynnides of California. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 3[3]: 434-436 {Nov (preprint Dec 1864); paper [7 Mar 1865]}

1865 On Californian Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]3(12): 178-179 {Jan 1865}

1866 Description of a new species of Chrysophanus. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 6(2): 208 {preprint [Nov] 1866; paper 4 Mar 1867}

1867 Enumeration of the Californian species of Lycaena. Proceedings of the California Academy of natural Sciences [1]3(18): 279-283 {Jan 1867}

1869 Description of a new genus of Pieridae and certain new species of butterflies from California. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(3): 303-304 {"Oct 1868-Apr 1869", [8 Nov] 1869}

1885 Biological synopsis of California Lepidoptera. Bulletin. California Academy of Sciences 3: 63-65 {Feb, 7 Mar 1885}

1889 Entomological contributions. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (2)2(7): 91-96 {15 Oct 1889}



Behrens, James

1887 A new variety of Papilio and a new Catocala from the Pacific Coast. Canadian Entomologist 19(10): 198-199 {Oct 1887}



Beldade, Patrícia and Paul M. Brakefield

2002 The genetics and evo-devo of butterfly wing patterns. Nature Reviews Genetics 3: 442-452 {Jun 2002}



Beldade, Patrícia, Kees Koops, and Paul M. Brakefield

2002 Modularity, individuality, and evo-devo in butterfly wings. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 99(22): 14262-14267, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {29 Oct 2002}



Belik, Aleksei G.

1996 New subspecies of Erebia anyuica Kurentzov, 1966 and Clossiana erda (Christoph, 1893) from the Vostochnyy Sayan mountains, Russia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Phegea 24(4): 157-166 2 pls., 6 figs. {1 Dec 1996}

2000 On the correct placement of Erebia epipsodea Butler, 1868 within the genus Erebia Dalman, 1816 (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 36: 16-23, 15 figs. {1997(2000), 15 Mar 2000}



Belik, Alexei G. and Dmitry G. Zamolodchikov

2002 Notes on systematics of the Erebia dabanensis species complex, with special consideration of the dabanensis-youngi and anyuica-occulta pairs of sibling species (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Nota lepidopterologica 25(1): 61-78, 9 figs., 4 tbls. {1 Aug 2002}



Bell, Ernest Layton

1923 A new species of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera; Rhopalocera). Transactions of the american entomological Society 48(3): 205-206 {12 Jul 1923}

1926a Remarks on Myscelus epigona Herrich-Schaffer and Eudamus casica Herrich-Schaffer (Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera-Hesperiidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 33(4): 227-232 {Dec 1925, [19 Jan 1926]}

1926b Remarks on Hesperia freija Warren (Lepid.: Rhopalocera). Entomological News 37(4): 109-110 {[1] Apr 1926}

1927a Description of a new race of Pamphila juba Scudder (Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera-Hesperiidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 35(2): 175-176 {Jun, [26 Jul] 1927}

1927b Description of a new species of Erynnis (Thanaos Auct.), (Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera-Hesperiidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 35(3): 261-263 {[27] Sep 1927}

1927c Description of a new Amblyscirtes from Texas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 22(4): 203-204 {Oct, 2 Nov 1927}

1927d Description of a new Thorybes (Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera-Hesperiidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 22(4): 217-218 {Oct, 2 Nov 1927}

1932a Notes on some American Hesperiidae and descriptions of new species (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 27(3): 131-141; pl. 13 {Jun, 14 Jul 1932}

1932b Studies in the genus Phocides with descriptions of new species (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Transactions of the american entomological Society 58(2): 169-199, pls. 12-16. {22 Jul 1932}

1933 On the Hesperiidae described by Mr. A. G. Weeks, Jr. (Lepidoptera). Entomological News 44(10): 264-270 {[27] December}

1934 New American Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 29(3): 89-96, pl. 6 {1 Jun 1934}

1937 New genera and species of Neotropical Hesperiidae with notes on some others. (Lepidoptera; Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates (914): 1-17, 17 figs. {8 Mar 1937}

1938 A catalogue of the original descriptions of the Rhopalocera found north of the Mexican border. Part one. The Hesperioidea. Bulletin of the Cheyenne Mountain Museum 1(1): H1-H35 {4 Oct 1938}

1941a Two new species of Hesperiidae from North America. (Lepidoptera). Entomological News 52(6): 163-169, 3 figs. {[16] Jun 1941}

1941b On Lerodea telata Herrich-Schaeffer and tyrtaeus Ploetz (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 52(7): 183-185, 2 figs. {[18] Jul 1941}

1942a New genera and new species of Neotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates (1205): 1-9, 14 figs., {29 Oct 1942}

1942b New records and new species of Hesperiidae from Mexico (Lep. Hesp.). Anales de la Escuela nacional de Ciencias biológicas (México) 2(4): 455-468, 9 figs. {25 Dec 1942}

1947a A new genus and some new species and subspecies of Neotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates (1354): 1-12, 10 figs. {18 Aug 1947}

1947b Atrytone singularis Herrich-Schäffer and the subspecies insolata Butler (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates (1359): 1-5, 2 figs. {22 Aug 1947}

1956 Descriptions of some new species of Neotropical Hesperiidae. American Museum Novitates (1778): 1-13, 24 figs. {18 Jun 1956}

1959 Descriptions of some new species of Neotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). American Museum Novitates (1962): 1-16, 27 figs. {16 Sep 1959}



Bell, Ernest Layton and William Phillips Comstock

1941 The synonymy of Papilio coridon Poda, Papilio phocion Fabricius, and others. Journal fo the New York entomological Society 49(4): 371-374 {10 Dec 1941}

1948 A new genus and some new species and subspecies of American Hesperiidae. American Museum Novitates (1379): 1-23, 16 figs. {28 Jun 1948}



Bell, Ernest Layton and Cyril Franklin dos Passos

1954 The lectotype of Megathymus aryxna Dyar (Lepidoptera, Megathymidae). American Museum Novitates (1700): 1-5 {20 Dec 1954}



Bell, Katherine L.

2012 Sympatric, allochronic populations of the Pine White butterfly (Neophasia menapia) are morphologically and genetically differentiated. Masters Thesis, Texas State University-San Marcos; San Marcos: 21 + [1] pp., 7 figs., 4 tbls. {Dec 2012}



Beltrán, Margarita, Chris D. Jiggins, Andrew Van Zandt Brower, Eldredge Bermingham, James Mallet.

2007 Do pollen feeding, pupal-mating and larval gregariousness have a single origin in Heliconius butterflies? Inferences from multilocus DNA sequence data. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 92(2): 221-239, 4 figs., 3 tbls. {Oct, online 17 Sep 2007}



Beltrán, Margarita, Chris D. Jiggins, Vanessa Bull,Mauricio Linares, James Louis Borlase Mallet, W. Owen McMillan,and Eldredge Bermingham

2002 Phylogenetic discordance at the species boundary: Comparative gene genealogies among rapidly radiating Heliconius butterflies. Molecular Biology and Evolution 19(12): 2176-2190, 4 figs., 6 tbls. {Dec 2002}



Benjamin, Foster H.

1935 Notes on a rare publication by Jacob Hübner and its effect upon modern interpretation of Hübnerian Nomenclature. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 47(7/8): 81-82 {Jul-Aug, 15 Jul 1935}



Bennet, Robert and Edward C. Knudson

1976 Additional new butterfly records from Florida. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(3): 234- 235 {22 Sep 1976}



Benson, Woodruff W., Keith Spalding Brown, Jr, and Lawrence Edmund Gilbert

1976 Coevolution of plants and herbivores: Passion flower butterflies. Evolution 29(4): 659-680, 10 figs., 2 tbls. {Dec 1975, 12 Mar 1976}



Benton, Michael J.

2000 Stems, nodes, crown clades, and rank-free lists: is Linnaeus dead? Biological Reviews 75(4): 633-648, 3 figs., 1 tbl. {Nov 2000}



Benyamini, Dubi

2008 Is Euchloe falloui Allard, 1867 (Pieridae) the butterfly with the longest diapuse? Nota lepidopterologica 31(2): 293-295, 2 figs. {15 Nov 2008}



Berenbaum, May R.

1995 Chemistry and oligophagy in the Papilionidae. Pp. 27-38, 2 figs., 2 tbls., in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}



Berenbaum, May R. and Paul P. Feeny

2008 Chemical mediation of host-plant specialization: the papilionid paradigm. Pp. 1-19, in: K. J. Tilmon (Ed), Specialization, speciation, and radiation: the evolutionary biology of herbivorous insects. Berkley; University of California Press: xv + 341 pp., illus., maps {2008}



Berg, Friedrich Wilhelm Karl (Frederico Guillermo Carlos)

1896 Descripción des tres neuevos lepidópteros de la colección de Museo nacional de Buenos Aires. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 5[(2)2]: 1-4, 3 figs. {"4" [8] May 1896}

1897 Comunicaciones lepidopterológicas acerca de veinticino ropalóceros sudamericanos. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires 5[(2)2]: 233-261 {"7" [20] Apr 1897}



Berge, Karl Friedrich

1842 Schmetterlingsbuch, oder allgemeine und besondere Naturgeschichte der Schmetterlinge, mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die europäischen Gattungen. Nebst einer vollständigen Anweisung sie zu fangen, zu erziehen, zuzubereiten und auf zubewahren. Stuttgart; Hoffman'sche Verlagshandlung: iv + viii + 110 pp., 48 pls. (1st Edition) {1842}



Berger, Lucien Adolphe

1945 Une nouvelle sous-espèce de Colias interior Scudder. Lambillionea 45(6-8): 42 {25 Aug 1945}

1986 Systématique du genre Colias F. (Lepidoptera-Pieridae). Lambillionea 86(7/8)(suppl.): 1-68, pls. 3-4, 24 figs. {25 Aug 1986}



Bergsträsser, Johann Andreas Benignus

1778-83

Nomenclatur und Beschreibung der Insecten in der Grafschaf Hanau-Münzenburg, wie auch der Wetterau und der angrenzenden Nachbarschaft dies - und jenseits des Mains, mit erleuchteten Kupertafeln herausgegeben. Vols. 2-4 also titled: Naturgeschichte der Europäischen Schmetterlinge. Hanau; Author; 1: 88 pp., pls. 1-14 (1778); 2: 79 pp., pls. 15-48 (1779); 3: 48 pp., pls, 49-72 (1779); 4: 47 pp., pls. 73-96 (1780-1783)

1779-80

Icones Papilionum diurnorum quotquot in Europa occurunt, descriptae ad Linnaeorum et Fabriciorum systemata tum illustranda tum amplificanda. Abbildungen und Beschreibungen aller bekannten europäischen Tagfalter. Hanau; Author, Sumtibus auctoris et orphanotrophei Reformati typis; volume 1: ii + 8 pp., 10 pls. (1779); volume 2: 8 pp., 10 pls. (1780); volume 3: 8 pp., 10 pls. (1781)



Berkhousen, Amy E and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

1994 Persistent pollen as a tracer for hibernating butterflies: the case of Hesperia juba (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Great Basin Naturalist 54(1): 71-78, 6 figs., 4 tbls. {31 Jan 1994}



Berlocher, Stewart H.

1998 Origins: a brief history of research on speciation. Pp. 3-15, in: D. Howard, S. Berlocher (Eds.), Endless forms. Species and speciation. New York: Oxford University Press: xii + 470 pp., illus. {1998}



Bermingham, E. and C. Moritz

1998 Comparative phylogeography: Concepts and applications. Molecular Ecology 7(4): 367-369 {Apr 1998}



Bernard, Gary D. and Charles L. Remington

1991 Color vision in Lycaena butterflies: Spectral tuning of receptor arrays in relation to behavioral ecology. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 88(7): 2783-2787, 5 figs., 2 tbls. {Apr 1991}



Bernardi, Georges

1947 Revision de la classification des espèces holarctiques des genres Pieris Schr. et Pontia Fabr. (Lep. Pieridae). Miscellanea Entomologica 44(6): 65-80, 5 pls. {Jun-Jul 1947}

1961 Note synonymique sur les Pieridae (Lep.). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 66(3/4): 111-112 {28 Jul 1961}



Bertrand, Yann

2008a Contrasting the general with the particular in phylogenetics--a proposal to keep the meanings of mono/paraphyletic and clade/grade separated. Taxon 57(3): 705-708 {Aug 2008}

2008b Relationships between nomenclature, phylogenetics and systematics. University of Gothenburg. Faculty of Science; PhD Dissertation: 44 pp. {2008}



Bertrand, Yann and Mikael Härlin

2006 Stability and universality in the application of taxon names in phylogenetic nomenclature. Systematic Biology 55(5): 848-858 {Oct 2006}

2008 Phylogenetic hypotheses, taxonomic sameness and the reference of taxon names. Zoologica Scripta 37(3): 337-347 {May 2008}



Bertrand, Yann, F. Pleijel & G. W. Rouse

2006 Taxonomic surrogacy in biodiversity assessments, and the meaning of Linnaean ranks. Systematics and Biodiversity 4(2): 149-159 {1 Jun 2006}



Besold, Joachim, Stefan Huck and Thomas Schmitt

2008 Allozyme polymorphisms in the small heath, Coenonympha pamphilus: recent ecological selection or old biogeographical signal? Annales Zoologici Fennici 45(3): 217-228, 4 figs., 3 tbls, app. {Jun 2008}



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1910 Reflections on the phylogenetics of the pyrameid group. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 22(5): 110-112 {15 May 1910}

1913 Everes comyntas and amyntula (Lepid.). Entomological News 24(3): 97-103, pl. 5 {Mar 1913; (4): 149-156 {Apr 1913}

1914a Synonymic notes on the Ruralidae. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 26(6): 133-136 {15 Jun 1914}; (7/8): 159-161 {15 Aug 1914}

1914b On the correlation of pattern and structure in Rhopalocera with special reference to the Ruralidae. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 26(7/8): 177-184, pls. 14-20 {15 Aug 1914}

1916 Notes on the genus Hemiargus Hübner in Dyar's List (Lep.). Entomological News 27(10): 449-457 {[6] Dec 1916}



Beuret, Henry

1933 Allbulina [sic] orbitulus 1798 et Agriades glandon 1798. Lambillionea 33(6): 134-146 {25 Jun 1933}

1953 Die Lycaeniden der Schweiz. I. Teil Lycaeninae (Feuerfalter). Basel; Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel: 1-106, pls. 1-8 {1953}

1957 Die Lycaeniden der Schweiz. II. Teil Plebejinae (Bläulinge): Tarucidi, Lampididi, Everidi, Lycaenopsidi, Glaucopsychidi. Basel; Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel: 107-271, pls. 9-14 {1957}

1961 Die Lycaeniden der Schweiz. III. Teil Plebejinae (Bläulinge): Plebejidi. Basel; Entomologischen Gesellschaft Basel: 272-420, pls. 15-22 {1961}



Beutelspacher, Carlos Rommel

1976 Nuevas Formas de papiliónidos mexicanos (Papilionidae). Revista de la Sociedad mexicana Lepidopterologia 2(2): 61-70, 1 + 9 figs. {1 Nov 1976}

1980 Mariposas diurnas del Valle de México. México; Ediciones Científicas La Prensa Médica Mexicana. [viii] + 134pp., 23 figs., 16 pls. {7 Jan 1980}

1986a Estado taxonómico actual del género Pieris Schrank (1801) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) en México. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad nacional autónoma de México (Zoología) 57(1): 145-152, 10 figs. {30 Dec 1986}

1986b Estado taxonómico actual del género Ascia Scopoli (1777) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) en México. Anales del Instituta de Biologia, Universidad nacional autónoma de México (Zoologia) 57(2): 311-322, 30 figs. {30 Dec 1986}

1988 Reconsideraciones taxonómicas sobre el género Enantia Hübner (1819) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) en Mexico. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad nacional autónoma de México (Zoologia) 58(1): 231-240, 9 figs. {15 Jul 1988}

1991 Estado Taxonómico Actual en México del Complejo Eurema daira (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad nacional autónoma de México (Zoologia) 62(1): 115-128, 2 pls., 7 figs. {31 Oct 1991}

1994 A guide to Mexico's butterflies and moths. México, D.F.; Minutiae Mexicana, S.A. de C.V.: 96 pp., color photos, ill., map {15 Apr 1994}



Beutelspacher, Carlos Rommel, and William H. Howe

1984 Mariposas de México. I. Introducción y generalidades. Superfamilia Papilionoidea. Familia Papilionidae. México, D. F.; La Prensa Médica Mexicana, S.A.: xii + 128 pp., 20 pls., 127 figs., 71 maps {30 Jul 1984}



Beutenmüller, William

1891 List of writings of the late Henry Edwards. Canadian Entomologist 23(12): 259-263 {14 Dec 1891}

1892a List of types of some species of Lepidoptera, described by Grote and Robinson, in the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 4(7): 167-198 {25 Mar 1892}

1892b List of types of Lepidoptera in the Edwards collection of Insects. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 4(13): 167-198 {18 Oct 1892}

1898 Revision of the species of Euchloe inhabiting America, north of Mexico. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 10(13): 235-248; pls. 13, 14 {24 Jun 1898}

1899 Descriptions of and notes on some North American Lepidoptera. Journal of the New York entomological Society 7(4): 254-256 {Dec 1899}

1904 Types of Lepidoptera in the collection of the American Museum of Natural History. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 20(5): 81-86 {12 Mar 1904}



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2006 Cryptic species as a window on diversity and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22(3): 148-155, 1 fig. {1 Mar 2007, online 28 Nov 2006}



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1979 Type locality of Epidemia dorcas florus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 111(5): 637-639 {May 1979}



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1980 F. H. Wolley-Dod, Alberta's leading pioneer lepidopterist. Alberta Naturalist 10(2): 49-55 {Jun 1980}



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1995 Alberta Butterflies. Edmonton; Provincial Museum of Alberta: i-viii, 1-349, ill. {1995}



Black, Scott Hoffman and D. Mace Vaughan

2005 Species Profiles. In: M. D. Shepherd, D. M. Vaughan and S. H. Black (Eds), Red list of pollinator insects of North America. CD-ROM Version 1 Portland, OR: The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation {May 2005}.



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1920 The Lycaenidae of British Columbia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 14(syst. ser.): 5-11, 1 pl. {Mar 1919, 1920}

1923 Two new races of the genus Plebeius Linn. from British Columbia. Canadian Entomologist 55(4): 98-100 {Apr, 10 May 1923}



Blake, James

2011 Some issues in the classification of zoology. Knowledge organization 38(6): 463-472 {2011}



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1840 Orthoptéres, Neuroptéres, Hémiptères, Hymènoptéres, Lépidoptères et Diptères. In: Histoire naturelle des Insectes. 3. In: F. L. N. de C. de L. de Castelnau, Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Paris, P. Duméniil 4: 673 pp., 72 pls. {[26 Dec] 1840}

1845 Sixième ordre. Les Lépidoptères. Pp. 318-410, pls. 16-18, in: Histoire des Insectes, traitant de leurs moeurs et de leurs métamorphoses en général, et comprenant une nouvelle classification fondée sur leurs rapports naturels. Paris; Didot frères; 2: [iv] + 524 pp., 20 pls. {[28 Jun] 1845} In: A. Comte, Traité complet d'Histoire Naturelle. Tome 9.

1852-4 Fauna Chilena. Insectos. Orden VI. Lepidópteros. Pp. 1-112, 7 pls., in: C. Gay (Ed.), Historia fisica y politica de Chile según documentos adquiridos en esta república durante doce años de residencia en ella y publicada bajo los auspicios del Supremo Gobierno. Zoologia. Paris & Santiago; en casa del autor (imprenta de Maulde y Renou); Chile, en el museo de Historia Natural de Santiago, Private publication; 7: 1-112 {1852}; 7 pls. {1854}



Blanchard, Robert and Henri Descimon

1988 Hybridization between two species of swallowtails, meiosis mechanism, and the genesis of gyndandromorphs. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 42(2): 94-102 {1988}



Blandin, Patrick

1988 The genus Morpho. Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae. Part I. The subgenera Iphimedeia and Schwartzia. Compiègne; Sciences Nat.: viii + 42 pp., 20 pls., 6 maps {Jan 1988}

1993 The genus Morpho, (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Part 2 The subgenera Iphixibia, Cytheritis, Balachowskyna and Cypritis. Compiègne; Sciences Nat.: viii + 43-98pp., [20] leaves cpls., 8 maps {1993}

2007b The systematics of the genus Morpho, Fabricius, 1807 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalide, Morphinae). Canterbury; Hillside: 277pp., illus., maps {2007}

2007a The genus Morpho, (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). 3. Addenda to Part 1 and Part 2 & The subgenera Pessonia, Grasseia, and Morpho. Canterbury; Hillside: xi + 99-237, illus. {2007}



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2004 The promise of a DNA taxonomy. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 359(1444): 669-679, 2 figs. {29 Apr 2004}



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2007 Ecological and genetic associations across a Heliconius hybrid zone. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21(1): 330-341, 5 figs., 2 tbls. {Jan 2008, online 12 Dec 2007}



Blum, Michael J., Eldredge Bermingham and Kanchon Dasmahapatra

2003 A molecular phylogeny of the Neotropical butterfly genus Anartia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26(1): 46-55, 3 figs., 2 tbls. {Jan 2003}



Böber, Jean de [Johann von]

1809 Description de quelques nouvelles espèces de papillons découverts en Sibérie. Mémoires de la Société impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 2: 305-310, pl. 19 {1809}

1812 II. Continuation de la description de quelques nouvelles espèces de papillons découverts en Sibérie, etc. etc. voyez Memoires etc. T. II. P. 303 seqq. Mémoires de la Société impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 3: 20-21, pl. 1 {1812}



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1972 Insekter i Grønland. Pp. 165-177, in: Tidsskriftet Grønland 1972 - 50 pages



Bock, Walter J.

2004 Explanations in Systematics. Pp. 49-56, in: D. M. Williams and P. F . Forey (Eds.), Milestones in systematics. London; Taylor & Francis; the Systematics Association special volume series no. 67: xviii + 290 pp., illus., maps {2004}



Boddaert, Pieter

1783 Table des planches enluminéez d'histoire naturelle de M. d'Aubenton. Avec les dénominations de M. M. De Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus et Latham, precedé d'une notice des principaux ouvrages zoologiques enluminés. Utrecht; xvi + 58 + 9 pp. {1783}



Bogdanov, Pavel Vladimirovich [, ]

2009 - . . Clossiana tritonia (Böber, 1812) (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Notes on systematic of fritillaries of the Clossiana tritonia (Böber, 1812) group (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). 13: 68-99, 9 pls., 2 maps. ; . ; . . : . 176 {2009} [Proceedings of the State Darwin Museum. Moscow, Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation. Department of Culture of Moscow State Darwin Museum]



Boggs, Carol L.

1962 Within population variation in the demography of Speyeria mormonia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Holarctic Ecology 16(2): 175-184, 3 figs., 8 tbls. {5 Dec 1962}

1986 Reproductive strategies of female butterflies: variation in and constraints on fecundity. Ecological Entomology 11(1): 7-15 {Feb 1986}

2001 Species and speciation. Pp. 14855-14861, in: N. Smelser and P. Baltes (Eds), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. Oxford; Elsevier: 26 vols. {2001}

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Boggs, Carol L. and Ward B. Watt

1981 Population structure of pierid butterflies IV. Genetic and physiological investment in offspring by male Colias. Oecologia 50(3): 320-324, 1 fig., 3 tbls. {Sep 1981}



Boggs, Carol L., Ward B. Watt and Paul R. Ehrlich

2003 Butterflies: Ecology and evolution taking flight. Chicago; University of Chicago Press: xvii + 739 pp., [14] pp. pls., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {2003}



Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de

1828 Europaeorum Lepidopterorum Index Methodicus. Pars Prima, Sistens Genera Papilio, Sphinx, Bombyx et Noctua Lin. Paris, Bruxelles; Méquignon-Marvis: 103 pp. {1829 [Nov 1828]}

1832 Voyage de découvertes de l'Astrolabe exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d'Urville. Faune entomologique de l'Océan Pacifique, avec l'illustration des insects nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage. Première Partie. Lépidoptères. Paris; J. Tastu; 1: [4] + iv + [5]-267 pp., Atlas (Folio): 5 pls. {[Apr] 1832}

"1832"-4

Icones historique des lépidoptères nouveaux ou peu connus. Collection, avec figures coloriées, des papillons d'Europe nouvellement découverts; ouvrage formant le complément de tous les auteurs iconographes. Paris; Roret; 1. Rhopalocères.: 252 pp., 47 pls. (1): 1-16; pls. 1, 2 ([24 Mar] 1832); (2): 17-24; pls. 3, 4 ([24 Mar] 1832); (3): 25-32; pls. 5, 6 ([31 Mar] 1832); (4): 33-40; pls. 7, 8 ([31 Mar] 1832); (5): 41-48; pls. 9, 10 ([7 Jul] 1832); (6): 49-56; pls. 11, 12 ([7 Jul] 1832); (7): 57-64; pls. 13, 14 ([13 Oct] 1832); (8): 65-72; pls. 15, 16 ([13 Oct] 1832); (9): 73-88; pls. 17, 18 ([5 Jan 1833]); (10): 89-104; pls. 19, 20 ([5 Jan 1833]); (11): 105-112; pls. 21, 22 ([2 Feb 1833]); (12): 113-120; pls. 23, 24 ([2 Feb 1833]); (13): 121-136; pls. 25, 26 ([29 Jun 1833]); (14): 137-144; pls. 27, 28 ([29 Jun 1833]); (15): 145-152; pls. 29, 30 ([27 Jul 1833]); (16): 153-160; pls. 31, 32 ([27 Jul 1833]); (17): 161-176; pls. 33, 34 ([12 Oct 1833]); (18): 177-184; pls. 35, 36 ([12 Oct 1833]); (19): 185-192; pls. 37, 38 ([4 Jan 1834]); (20): 193-208; pls. 39, 40 ([4 Jan 1834]); (21): 209-216; pls. 41, 42 ([26 Jul 1834]); (22): 217-224; pls. 43, 44 ([26 Jul 1834]); (23): 225-240; pls. 45, 46 ([17 May 1834]); (24): 241-248; pl. 47 ([17 May 1834]); (25): 249-252 ([26 Jul 1834]); see Cowan, 1970b, J. Soc. Bibl. Nat. Hist 5(4): 291-302.

1833 Mémoire sur les Lépidoptères de Madagascar, Bourbon et Maurice. Nouvelles annales du Museum d'histoire naturelle (Paris) (3)2(20): 149-270, pl. 7 {1833}

1836 Suites à Buffon. Histoire naturelle des Insectes: Spécies Général des Lépidoptères. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret. Volume 1: [4] + xii + 690 + 6 pp., [1]-6 pp., pls. 1A-4A, 1B-12B, 1C-8C [= 1-24] {11 Apr. 1836}; see Cowan, 1969, J. Soc. Bib. nat. Hist. 5(2): 121-122.

1840 Genera et Index méthodicus, Europaeorum Lepidopterorum. Paris; Roret, 8vo 1: [2] + iii-vii + [3] + 238 pp. {1840}

1848 Lépidoptères recueillis par M. Kindermann aux environs d'Odessa et au pied du Caucase. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France (2)6: xxviii-xxx {1848}

1852 Lépidoptères de la Californie. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (2)10(2): 275-324 {[Aug] 1852}

1855 Séance du 28 Mars 1855. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France (3)3(1): xxxi-xxxii {after 28 Mar 1855}

1868-9 Lépidoptères de la Californie. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 12: 5-28 (1868); 37-94 ([1 Nov] 1869) [missing pp. 29-37 through printer's error] {1868-1869}

1870 Considérations sur des Lépidoptères envoyés du Guatemala a M. de l'Orza. Rennes; Oberthür et Fils: [1] + 100 pp. {1870}



Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de and John Eatton Le Conte

1829-37

Histoire générale et iconographie des lépidoptères et des chenilles de l'Amerique septentrionale. Paris; Méquignon-Marvis; Crochard; Roret (1): iv + 228 pp., 78 pls. (1): 1-16; pls. 1-3 ([2 May] 1829); (2): 17-24; pls. 4-6 ([13 Jun.] 1829); (3): 25-32; pls. 7-9 ( [April 1830]); (4): 33-40: pls. 10-12 ([April 1830]); (5): 41-48; pls. 13-15 ([May 1830]); (6): 49-56; pls. 16-18 ([May 1830]); (7): 57-64; pls. 19-21 ([Jun 1830]); (8): 65-80; pls. 22-24 ([Jun 1830]); (9): 81-88; pls. 25-27 ([27 July] 1833); (10): 89-100; pls. 28-30 ([27 July] 1833); (11): 101-108; pls. 31-33 ([1835]); (12): 109-116; pls. 34-36 ([1835]); (13): 117-124; pls. 37-39 ([1835]); (14): 125-132; pls. 40-42 ([1835]); (15): 133-140; pls. 43-45 ([1835]); (16): 141-148; pls. 46-48 ([1835]); (17): 149-156; pls. 49-51 ([1835]); (18): 157-164; pls. 52-54 ([1835]); (19): 165-172; pls. 55-57 ([1835]); (20): 173-180; pls. 58-60 ([1835]); (21): 181-188; pls. 61-63 ([1835]); (22): 189-196; pls. 64-65 ([1835]); (23): 197-204; pls. 66, 68-69 ([1837]); (24): 205-212; pls. 70-72 ([1837]); (25): 213-220; pls. 73-75 ([1837]); (26): 221-228; pls. 67, 76-78 ([1837]); see dos Passos, 1959, Lep. News 12(3/4): 121-122, dos Passos, 1962, J. Soc. Bibliog. nat. Hist. 4(1): 48-56 and Cowan, 1969, J. Soc. Bibl. nat. Hist. 5(2): 125-134.



Boisduval, Jean Baptiste Alphonse Dechauffour de, Jules Pierre Rambur, Paul Chrétan Romain Constant Duménil and A. de Graslin

"1832"-37

Collection iconographie et historique des chenilles, ou description et figures des chenilles d'Europe, avec l'histoire de leurs métamorphoses et des applications à l'agriculture. Paris; Roret: 4 + [5], 6, [7], 8-14, [15]-[496] pp., [126] pls.



Boitard, Pierre

1828 Manuel d'Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des insectes, contenant la synonymie et la description de la plus grande partie des espèces d'Europe et des espèces exotiques les plus remarquables. Paris; Roret, 2: [i] + 418 pp. {[29 Mar] 1828}



Bollino, Maurizio, and Mauro Costa

2007 An illustrated annotated checklist of the species of Catasticta (s.l.) Butler (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) of Venezuela. Zootaxa 1469: 142, 32 figs. {10 May 2007}



Bollino, Maurizio and Giovanni Sala

2004 Synopsis of Papilio alexanor Esper, 1799. (An updated revue of its taxonomy and biology). Chicago; University of Chicago; Natura Edizione Scientifiche: 59 pp. {2004}



Bollow, Charles

1930-32

Gattung Colias. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 1(Suppl.)(14): 107-112 {4 Feb 1930}; (15): 113-120 {25 Feb 1903}; (16): 121-125 {4 Apr 1930}; Nachträge (47): 334-335 {11 May 1931}; Berichtigungen und Zusätze (50): 396-397 {19 May 1932}



Bolnick, Daniel I. and Benjamin M. Fitzpatrick

2007 Sympatric speciation: Models and empirical evidence. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 38: 459-487. {Dec, online 8 Aug 2007}



Bonelli, Franco Andrea

1826 Descrizione di sei nuovi specie d'Insetti, dell'ordine dei Lepidotteri diurni, raccolte in Sardegna dal cav Alberto della Marmora. Memorie della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino 30: 171-189, 3 cpls. {1826}



Bonett, Ronald M., J. Robert Macey, Jeffrey L. Boore and Paul T. Chippindale

2005 Resolving the tips of the Tree of Life: How much mitochondrial data do we need? Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory: 72 pp. {29 Apr 2005}

http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/3zh8t72j



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1896 Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Lepidopteren-Fauna von Rio de Janeiro. Verhandlungen des Vereins für naturwissenschaftliche Unterhaltung zu Hamburg 9: 19-41 {Feb 1896}



Bonniwell, J. C.

1931 Notes on Megathymus mariae Barnes & Benjamin. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 20(2): 264-265 {6 Jun 1931}



Boppré, Michael and Richard Irwin Vane-Wright

2012 The butterfly house industry: conservation risks and education opportunities. Conservation and Society 10(3): 285-303 {Jul-Sep, 29 Sep 2012



Bordelon, Charles W., Jr.

1991 A note about an important observation. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1991(4): 58 {Jul/Aug 1991}

1998 Zone 6/South Central/ Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana. Pp. 35-45, in: 1997 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 40(2): 35-45 {1 Apr 1998}

2000 Zone 6/South Central/ Oklahoma, Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana. Pp. 33-50 in: 1999 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 42(supplement S1):1-80 {1 Apr 2000}

2007 Zone 6/Texas. Pp. 63-74 in: 2007 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(supplement S1): 1-120 {29 Mar 2007}

2008 Zone 6/Texas. Pp. 83-98 in: 2007 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 50(supplement S1): 1-146 {10 May 29 2008}

2009 Zone 6/Texas. Pp. 72-83 in: 2008 Season Summary. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 51(supplement S1): 1-118 {3 Mar 2009}



Borchers, Tanja E. and Jeffrey M. Marcus

2013 Genetic population structure of buckeye butterflies (Junonia) from Argentina. Systematic Entomology Early View {19 Dec 2013}



Bordelon, Charles W., Jr. and Ed Knudson

2000 New records of Lepidoptera for Texas and the USA, and illustrations of other interesting species. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 42(1): 3-7, 19, 2 pls. {Spring, 15 Mar 2000}

2002 Illustrated checklist of the Lepidoptera of the lower Rio Grande Valley, Part 1: Butterflies. Houston, Privately printed. viii, 84 pp. 20 pls. {2002}

2003 Anastrus sempiternus Butler & Druce, a new record for Texas and the USA. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(1): 5, 7, 2 figs. {Spring, 15 Apr 2003}

2006 Three new USA butterfly records (Pieridae, Nymphalidae) from the lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(1): 3, 4 (figs. 1-8), 5 (figs. 1-13), 6 {13 Mar 2006}

2007 "Year of the Chlosyne" in Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(1):3-8, 24 figs. {29 Mar 2007}

2009 The genus Hamadryas (Nymphalidae: Biblidinae: Ageroniini) in Texas, with a report of a new record for Texas and the USA. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 51(1): 5-9, 16 figs. {3 Mar 2009}

2011 Ebrietas Godman & Salvin 1896: A new hesperiid genus (Pyrginae: Erynnini) for the USA from south Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 53(1): 25, 1 fig. {7 Jun 2011}



Borkhausen, Moritz Balthasar

1788 Naturgeschichte der Europäischen Schmetterlinge nach systematischer Ordnung. Frankfurt, Varrentrapp u. Wenner; 1(Tagschmetterlinge): 36 + 288 pp.; 1 cpl. {1788}



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Börner, Carl Julius Bernard

1939 Die Grundlagen meines Lepidopterensystems. Verhandlungen. VII. internationaler Kongress für Entomologie (Berlin) 2: 1372-1424, 51 figs. {Jul 1939}



Bossart, Janice L. and J. Mark Scriber

1995a Maintenance of ecologically significant genetic variation in the swallowtail butterflies through differential selection and gene flow. Evolution 49(6): 1163-1171, 3 figs., 4 tbls. {Dec 1995}

1995b Genetic variation in oviposition preference in tiger swallowtail butterflies: Interspecific, interpopulation and interindividual comparisons. Pp. 183-193, 5 figs., 4 tbls., in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}



Boudinot, Jacques

1986 Description d'un genre nouveau parmi les Limenitini palearctiques (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Nouvelle Revue d'Entomologie (n.s.)2(4): 403-409 {Dec 1985, 30 Jan 1986}



Boudreaux, H. Bruce

1979 Arthropod phylogeny with special reference to Insects. Chapter 8. Phylogenetic classification of Insects. New York, Chichester, Brisbane & Toronto; J. Wiley & Sons: viii, 320 pp., 76 figs.

1981 About the panorpoid complex. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 74(2): 155-157 {15 Mar 1981}



Boullet, Eugène and Fernand Le Cerf

1912 Catalogue de la collection de lépidoptères du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle de Paris. I. Famille Papilionidae. Bulletin du Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris [1]18(2): [iv] + 47 pp. {29 Feb 1912}



Bour, Roger

2010 Constant Duméril's Zoologie Analytique was published in 1805. Bionomina 1: 56-57 (24 Dec 2010}



Bourgogne, Jean

1951 Ordre des Lépidoptères. Lepidoptera Linné, 1758; Glossata Fabricius, 1775 Pp. 174-448, pls. 1-3, figs. 192-437, in: P. Grassé (Ed.), Traité de Zoologie, Anatomie, Systématique, Biologie.Tome X. Insectes supérieur et Hémiptéroïdes. Paris; Masson & Compagnie Editeurs; 10(1) [x] + 978 pp., 5 pls., 905 figs. {1951}



Bowden, Sydney Roskruge

1954 Timing of imaginal development in male and female hybrid Pieridae. Entomologist 86(1060): 255-264 {Nov 1953 [19 Jan 1954]}

1956 Hybrids within the European Pieris napi L. species group (Lep., Pieridae). Proceedings and Transactions of the South London entomological and natural History Society 1954-55: 135-159, 4 tbls. {May 1956}

1966 Polymorphism in Pieris: "subtalba" in P. virginiensis. Entomologist 99(1238): 174-182 {[14] Jul 1966}

1970a Pieris napi L.: Speciation and subspeciation. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 3(3): 63-70 {Aug 1970}

1970b Polymorphism in Pieris: f. sulphurea in P. napi marginalis. Entomologist 103(1289): 241-249 {Oct [22 Nov] 1970}

1971 'Pieris napi' in America: Reconnaissance. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 4(3): 71-77 {Oct 1971}

1972a 'Pieris napi' (Lep., Pieridae) in America: Genetic imbalance in hybrids. Proceedings and Transactions of the British Entomological and Natural History Society 4(4): 103-117 {Feb 1972}

1972b Pieris napi L. (Pieridae) and the superspecies concept. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 26(3): 170-173 {15 Dec 1972}

1979 Subspecific variation in butterflies: adaptation and dissected polymorphism in Pieris (Artogeia). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 33(1): 77-111 {20 Jul 1979}

1989 On Pieris (Artogeia) marginalis macdunnoughi Remington (Pieridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 82-88 {Autumn 1986(1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}



Bowen, B. W., A. L. Bass, L. A. Rocha, W. S. Grant and D. R. Robertson

2001 Phylogeography of the Trumpetfishes (Aulostomus): Ring species complex on a global scale. Evolution 55(5): 1029-1039, 3 figs., 2 tbls. {May 2001}



Bowman, Kenneth

1942 A note on Colias eurytheme Bdv., with description of a new race (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Canadian Entomologist 74(2): 25 {Feb, 9 Mar 1942}



Boyd, Bret M., Bruce M. Boyd, George T. Austin and Dennis D. Murphy

2000 Hybridization of Limenitis in the Western Great Basin (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 6(2): 37-74, 90 figs. {Sep 1999, 29 Sep 2000}



Bozano, Gian Cristoforo

2002 Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region Satyrinae. Part 3, Tribe Satyrini: subtribes Melanargiina and Coenonymphina, Melanargia, Coenonympha, Sinonympha, Triphysa. Milano; Omnes Artes (Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region 3): 71 pp., illus. (chiefly col.), col. maps {Oct 2002}



Bozano, Gian Cristoforo and Zdenek Weidenhoffer

2001 Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic Region: Lycaenidae, part 1 Subfamily Lycaeninae. Milano; Omnes Artes (Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region 11): 60 pp., col.and b&w illus., maps {2001}



Braby, Michael F.

2005 Provisional checklist of genera of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Zootaxa 832: 1-16 {24 Jan 2005}



Braby, Michael F., Rodney Eastwood and Neil Murray

2012 The subspecies concept in butterflies: has its application in taxonomy and conservation biology outlived its usefulness? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106(4): 699-716. 4 figs. {Aug, online 13 Jun 2012}



Braby, Michael F., Naomi E. Pierce and Roger Vila

2007 Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the subtribe Aporiina (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): implications for the origin of Australian butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 90(3): 413-440, 7 figs., 4 tbls. {Mar 2007}



Braby, Michael F. and John W. H. Trueman

2006 Evolution of larval host plant associations and adaptive radiation in pierid butterflies. Journal of evolutionary Biology 19(5): 1677-1690, 3 figs., 1 tab. {Sep 2006}



Braby, Michael F., John W. H. Trueman and Rod Eastwood

2005 When and where did troidine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) evolve? Phylogenetic and biogeographic evidence suggests an origin in remnant Gondwana in the Late Cretaceous. Invertebrate Systematics 19(2): 113-143, 23 figs., 5 tbls. {28 Jun 2005}



Braby, Michael F., Roger Vila and Naomi E. Pierce

2006 Molecular phylogeny and systematics of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea): higher classification and biogeography. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 147(2): 239-275, 8 figs. {Jun; online 2 Jun 2006}



Brakefield, Paul M.

1990 Case studies in ecological genetics. Pp. 307-331, 2 figs., 2 tbls., in: O. Kudrna (Ed.), Butterflies of Europe. Vol. 2, Introduction to Lepidopterology. Wiesbaden, AULA Verlag . Vol. 2: 1-557 pp., 4 cpls., 25 tbls., 2 diagr. {1990}

2001 Structure of a character and the evolution of butterfly eyespot patterns. Journal of Experimental Zoology. B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution 291(2): 93-104. {15 Aug, online 23 Jul 2001}



Brakefield, Paul M., Vernon French and Bas J. Zwaan

2003 Development and the genetics of evolutionary change within insect species. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34: 633-660, 4 figs. {2003}



Brakefield, Paul M., Julie Gates, Dave Keys, Fanja Kesbeke, Pieter J. Wijngaarden, Antónia Monteiro, Vernon French and Sean B. Carroll

1996 Development, plasticity and evolution of butterfly eyespot pattern. Nature (London) 384(6606): 236-242, 8 figs., 1 tbl. {21 Nov 1996}



Braun, Bruce

2007 Biopolitics and the molecularization of life. Cultural Geographies 14(1): 6-28, 4 figs. {Jan 2007}



Brehme, Herman H.

1907 A new variety of Thecla damon. Entomological News 18(3): 82-83 {Mar 1907}

1913 A new aberration in Phyciodes (Lepid.). Entomological News 24(5): 194, pl. 7 {May [30 Apr] 1913}



Bremer, Otto

1861 Neue Lepidopteren aus Ost-Sibirien und dem Amur-Lande, gesammelt von Radde und Maack, beschreiben von Otto Bremer. Bulletin de l'Académie Impériale de Sciences de St- Petersbourg (ser. 3)3: cols. 461-496 {1861}

1864 Lepidopteren Ost-Sibiriens, insbesondere des Amur-Landes Gesammelt von den Herren G. Radde, R.Maack und P. Wulffius. Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg (ser. 7)8(1): 1-103; 8 pls. {1864}



Bretherton, Russel F.

1966 A distribution list of the butterflies (Rhopalocera) of western and southern Europe. Transactions of the Society for British Entomology 17(1): 1-94 {Mar 1966}



Breeuwer, Johannes A. J. and John H. Werren

1995 Hybrid breakdown between two haplodiploid species: The role of nuclear and cytoplasmic genes. Evolution 49(4): 705-717 {Aug 1995}



Brévignon, Christian

2004 Description de deux nouvelles sous-espèces guadeloupéennes du genre Junonia Hübner, 1819 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Nymphalinae). Lambillionea 104(1)(1): 72-80, 31 figs. {Mar 2004}

2008a Notes sur les Biblidinae, les Apaturinae et les Nymphalinae de Guyane française (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Lambillionea 108(1): 3-15, 40 figs. (Mar 2008}

2008b Corrigenda. Lambillionea 108(2): 153, 3 figs. {Jun 2008}

2009 Nouvelles observations sur le genre Junonia en Guyane française (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae). Première partie. Lambillionea 109(1) : 3-7, 17 figs. {Mar 2009}



Brévignon, Lalita, and Christian Brévignon

2003 A la découverte des Papillons de jour des Antilles françaises. PLB Éditions. 64 pp., figs. {Nov 2003}

2012 Le genre Junonia en Guyane. Nouvelles observations et révision systématique (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Lepidopteres de Guyane 7(Nymphalidae): {Oct 2012}



Breyer, Alberto

1939 Über die argentinischen Pieriden (Lep. Rhop.). Verhandlungen. VII. internationaler Kongress für Entomologie (Berlin) 1: 26-55, 1 map {Apr 1939}



Bridges, Charles Albert

1983 Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae Notes on species-group names. Urbana, Illinois, published by author: [2] + ii + 129 + 41 + 62 + 30 + 13 pp. {23 Aug 1983}

1984a Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera. Notes on family-group names. Urbana, Illinois, published by author: [i] + 7 + 3 + 7 pp. {Jun 1984}

1984b A preliminary list of the publications containing the original descriptions of the species-group names in the butterfly families Lycaenidae and Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Urbana; Illinois, published by author: [iv] + 141 + [ii] + 11 pp. {23 Nov 1984}

1985 Notes on family- and genus-group names (Lepidoptera:Rhopalocera). (1st ed.). Urbana, Illinois, published by author: vi + 390 pp.: (I): ii + 1-8 (11 Mar); (II): ii + 1-3; (III): ii + -4; (IV): ii + 1-130; (V): ii + 1-33 (18 Feb); (VI): ii + 1-68; (VII): ii + 1-18; (VIII): ii + 1-61; (IX): ii + 1-20; (X): ii + 1-8. {1985}

1988a Catalogue of family-group and genus-group names (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). (2nd ed.). Urbana, Illinois, published by author: vi + 390 pp.: (I): ii + 1-8; (II): ii + 1-3; (III): ii + -4; (IV): ii + 1-130; (V): ii + 1-33; (VI): ii + 1-68; (VII): ii + 1-18; (VIII): ii + 1-61; (IX): ii + 1-20; (X): ii + 1-8. {15 Mar 1988}

1988b Catalogue of Hesperiidae (Lep.: Rhopalocera). (2nd edition). Urbana, Illinois, published by author: vii + 461 pp.: (I) ii + 1-205; (II) ii + 1-67; (III) ii + 1-78; (IV) ii + 1-54; (V) ii + 1-20; (VI) ii + 1-7; (App. I): ii + 1; (App. II): ii + 1-8; Annotations on the Catalogue of Hesperiidae (1): 1; (2): 1; (3): 1-4; (4): 1-2; (5): 1-6. {15 Mar 1988}

1988c Catalogue of Papilionidae and Pieridae (Lep.: Rhopalocera). Urbana, Illinois; published by author: vii + 737 pp.; (I) ii + 324; (II) ii + 93; (III) ii + 131; (IV) ii + 98; (V) ii + 37; (VI) ii + 12; (App. I): ii + 1; (App. II): ii + 4; 14 pp. of appended annotations. {15 Apr 1988}

1988d Catalogue of Lycaenidae and Riodinidae (Lep.: Rhopalocera). Urbana, Illinois; published by author: 816 pp.: vi; (I) ii + 377; (II) ii + 115; (III) ii + 140; (IV) ii + 100; (V) ii + 37; (VI) ii + 1; (VII) ii + 10 pp. {10 May 1988}

1988e Bibliography (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Urbana, Author. v + 392 + ii + 139 + ii + 45 pp. {1 May 1988)

1989 Some additions and corrections to the supplement to: A Catalogue/Checklist of the Butterflies of America North of Mexico. The Lepidopterists' Society Memoir No. 3. Urbana; Author. 82 pp. {4 Oct 1989}

1993 Bibliography (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). (2nd edition). Urbana, Author; 693 pp.: v + (I) ii + 464 pp.; (II) ii + 166 pp.; (III) ii + 52 pp. {20 May 1993}

1994a Catalogue of the family-group, genus-group, and species-group names of the Hesperioidea (Lepidoptera) of the world. Urbana, Illinois, published by author; 644 pp.: xiv + (I) ii + 1pp.; (II) ii + 1 pp.; (III) ii + 1 pp.; (IV) ii + 36 pp.; (V) ii + 9 pp.; (VI) ii + 20 pp.; (VII) ii + 6 pp.; (VIII) ii + 246 pp.; (IX) ii + 76 pp.; (X) ii + 90 pp.; (XI) ii + 71 pp.; (XII) ii + 28 pp.; (XIII) ii + 9 pp.; (App. I): ii + 1; (App. II): ii + 2 pp.; (App. III) ii + 1 pp. {31 Dec 1994}

1994b Catalogue of the family-group, genus-group, and species-group names of the Lycaenidae and Riodinidae (Lepidoptera) of the world. Urbana, Illinois; published by author: 1152 pp.: vii; (I) ii + 3 pp.; (II) ii + 1 pp.; (III) ii + 2 pp.; (IV) ii + 48 pp.; (V) ii + 12 pp.; (VI) ii + 26 pp.; (VII) ii + 6 pp.; (VIII) ii + 502 pp.; (IX) ii + 134 pp.; (X) ii + 172 pp.; (XI) ii + 134 pp.; (XII) ii + 50 pp.; (XIII) ii + 16 pp.; App. (I) ii + 1 pp.; App. (II) ii + 4 pp.; App. (III) ii + 1 pp.{31 Dec 1994}



Bristow, Clement Roger

1991 A revision of the brassoline genus Opsiphanes (Lepidoptera: Rhoplaocera). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(3): 203-293, 32 figs., 1 tbl. {[15] Mar 1991}



British Museum (Natural History)

1903-40

Catalogue of the books, manuscripts, maps and drawings in the British Museum (Natural History). London & Aylesbury, Hazell, Watson & Viney Ld.; Vol. 1 (A-D): pp. viii + 500 {1903}; Vol. 2 (E-K): pp. [8] + 501-1038 + [2] {1904}; Vol. 3 (L-O): pp. [8] + 1039-1494 {1910}; Vol. 4 (P-Sn): pp. [8] + 1495-1956 + [2] {1913}; Vol. 5 (So-Z): pp. [8] + 1957-2404 {1915}. London, William Clowes & Sons, Limited; Supplements: Vol. 6 (A-I): pp. [8] + 512 + addenda and corrigenda to Vols. 1 and 2, A. Hooker, pp. [2] + 48 + [2] {1922} Oxford, University Press, John Johnson; Vol. 7 (J-O): pp. [8] + 513-968 + [2] {1933}; Vol. 8 (P-Z): pp. [8] + 969-1480 + [2] {1940}



Britten, Hugh B., Peter F. Brussard

1992 Genetic divergence and the Pleistocene history of the alpine butterflies Boloria improba (Nymphalidae) and the endangered Boloria acrocnema (Nymphalidae) in western North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70(3): 539-548 {Mar 1992}



Britten, Hugh B., Peter F. Brussard, Dennis D. Murphy

1994 The pending extinction of the Uncompahgre fritillary butterfly. Conservation Biology 8 (1): 86-94, 1 fig., 2 tbls. {Mar 1994}

1995 A reconsideration of the taxonomic status of Euphydryas editha koreti (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from the central Great Basin. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 31(3/4): 278-286, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {Fall 1992, 1 Feb 1995}

1996 Isozyme data and the taxonomy of checkerspot butterflies (Euphydryas ). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 32: 124-134, 1 fig., 4 tbls. {1993, 1 May 1996}



Britten, Hugh B., Peter F. Brussard, Dennis D. Murphy and George T. Austin

1994 Colony isolation and isozyme variability of the western seep fritillary, Speyeria nokomis apacheana (Nymphalidae), in the western Great Basin. Great Basin Naturalist 54(2): 94-105, 2 figs., 4 tbls. {30 Apr 1994}



Britten, Hugh B., Erica Fleishman, George T. Austin, and Dennis D. Murphy

2003 Genetically effective and adult population sizes in the Apache silverspot butterfly (Speyeria nokomis apacheana) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Western North American Naturalist 63(2): 229-235, 3 tbls. {2003}



Brittnacher, John G., Steven R. Sims and Francisco J. Ayala

1978 Genetic differentiation between species of the genus Speyeria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Evolution 32(1): 199-210, 2 figs., 3 tbls. {24 Mar 1978}



Brock, James P.

1971 A contribution towards an understanding of the morphology and phylogeny of ditrysian Lepidoptera. Journal of natural History 5(1): 29-102 {Jan-Feb 1971}

1990 Origins and phylogeny of butterflies. Pp. 209-233, 5 figs., in: O. Kudrna (Ed.), Butterflies of Europe. Vol. 2, Introduction to Lepidopterology. Wiesbaden, AULA Verlag . Vol. 2: 1-557 pp., 4 cpls., 25 tbls., 2 diagr. {1990}

1998 Life styles of the scaled and beautiful: Nabokov's satyr. American Butterflies 6(3):36-39 {Fall 1998}



Brock, Jim and Kenn Kaufman (with the collaboration of Rick and Nora Bowers and Lynn Hassler Kaufman)

2003 Butterflies of North America: Kaufman focus guides. New York; Houghton Mifflin Co.: 384 pages, more than 2,300 illus. {3 Feb 2003}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt

1994a The case of the missing H: Heliconius charithonia (L., 1767), not "Heliconius charitonia (L. 1767)." Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(2): 166-168 {17 May 1994}

1994b Phylogeny of Heliconius Butterflies Inferrred from mitochondrial DNA sequences (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Molecular Phylogeny Evolution 3(2): 159-174, 6 figs., 3 tbls. {Jun 1994}

1994c Rapid morphological radiation and convergence among races of the butterfly Heliconius erato inferred from patterns of mitochondrial DNA evolution. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 91(14): 6491-6495, 3 figs., 1 tbl. {5 Jul 1994}

1997 The evolution of ecologically important characters in Heliconius butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): a cladistic review. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 119(4): 457-472, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {Apr [17 May] 1997}

1998 How not to use systematics to test adaptive hypotheses. Comments on Wink and von Nickisch-Rosenegk. Journal of Chemical Ecology 24(8): 1279-1284, 1 fig. {Aug 1998}

1999 Delimitation of phylogenetic species with DNA sequences: A critique of Davis and Nixon's population aggregation analysis. Systematic Biology 48(1):199-213, fig. 9 {Mar 1999}

2000a Evolution is not a necessary assumption of cladistics. Cladistics 16(1): 143-154 {Mar 2000}

2000b Phylogenetic relationships among the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) inferred from partial sequences of the wingless gene. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 267(1449): 1201-1211 {22 Jun 2000}

2002a Cladistics, populations and species in geographical space: the case of Heliconius butterflies, pp. 5-15, 2 figs. In: R. De Salle, G. Giribet & W. Wheeler (Eds.), Molecular systematics and evolution: Theory and practice. Basel, Birkhäuser Verlag (Experientia Supplementum 92) {Mar 2002}

2002b Cladistics, phylogeny, evidence and explanation: A reply to Lee. Zoologica Scripta 31(2): 221-223 {Apr 2002}

2006 Problems with DNA barcodes for species delimitation: ''ten species'' of Astraptes fulgerator reassessed (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 4(2): 127-132, 2 figs. {7 Jun 2006}

2008 Papilionoidea Latreille 1802. True Butterflies. Version 07 October 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Papilionoidea/12027/2008.10.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

2010 Alleviating the taxonomic impediment of DNA barcoding and setting a bad precedent: names for ten species of 'Astraptes fulgerator' (Lepidoptera: Hesperidiae: Eudaminae) with DNA-based diagnoses. Systematics and Biodiversity 8(4): 485-491 {1 Dec 2010}

2011 The meaning of "phenetic." Cladistics 28(2): 113-114 {April 2012, online 20 Sep 2011]



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt and T. M. Boyce

1991 Mitochondrial DNA variation in monarch butterflies. Evolution 45(5): 1281-1286, 3 tbls. {Aug 1991}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt and Robert DeSalle

1998 Patterns of mitochondrial versus nuclear DNA sequence divergence among nymphalid butterflies: the utility of wingless as a source of characters for phylogenetic inference. Insect Molecular Biology 7(1): 73-82, 6 figs., 4 tbls. {Feb 1998}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt, Robert DeSalle and A. Vogler

1996 Gene trees, species trees, and systematics: A cladistic perspective. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 27: 423-450 {Nov 1996}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt and Mary G. Egan

1997 Cladistic analysis of Heliconius butterflies and relatives (Nympalidae: Heliconiiti): a revised phylogenetic position for Euides based on sequences from mtDNA and a nuclear gene. Proceedings of the Royal Society in London (B) 264(1384): 969-977, 3 figs., 4 tbls. {22 Jul 1997}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt, André Victor Lucci Freitas, Ming-Min Lee, Karina L. Silva-Brandão, Alaine Whinnett and Keith R. Willmott

2006 Phylogenetic relationships among the Ithomiini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from one mitochondrial and two nuclear gene regions. Systematic Entomology 31(2): 288-301, 2 figs., 5 tbls. {Apr 2006}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt and Miranda M. Jeansonne

2004 Geographical populations and "subspecies" of New World Monarch butterflies (Nymphalidae) share a recent origin and are not phylogenetically distinct. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 97(3): 519-523, 2 figs., 3 tbls. {May 2004}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt and Richard Irwin Vane-Wright

2011 Anomalous areas and awkward ages: concerns about over-reliance on model-based biogeographical and temporal inferences. Systematic Entomology 36(4): 601-603 {Oct, online 3 Aug 2011}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt, Nikas Wahlberg, Joshua R. Ogawa, Michael Boppré and Richard Irwin Vane-Wright

2010 Phylogenetic relationships among genera of danaine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) as implied by morphology and DNA sequences. Systematics and Biodiversity 8(1): 75-89 {22 Mar 2010}



Brower, Andrew Van Zandt and Andrew David Warren

2008 Hesperiidae Latreille 1809. Skippers. Version 07 April 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Hesperiidae/12028/2008.04.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/



Brower, Auburn Edmund

1940 Descriptions of some new Macrolepidoptera from eastern America. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 35(4): 138-140 {Oct, 11 Nov 1940}



Brower, Jane Van Zandt

1958a Experimental studies of mimicry in some North American butterflies. Part I. The Monarch, Danaus plexippus, and Viceroy, Limenitis archippus archippus. Evolution 12(1): 32-47, 4 tbls. {31 Mar 1958}

1958b Experimental studies of mimicry in some North American butterflies. Part II. Battus philenor and Papilio troilus, P. polyxenes, and P. glaucus. Evolution 12(2): 123-136, 4 tbls. {30 Jun 1958}



Brower, Lincoln Pierson

1959a Peale's Lepidoptera Americana and the correct name for Papilio multicaudatus. Lepidopterists' News 12(3/4): 101-102 {1958, 26 Jan 1959}

1959b Speciation in butterflies of the Papiio glaucus Group. I. Morphological relationships and hybridization. Evolution 13(1): 40-63, 8 figs. {31 Mar 1959}

1959c Speciation in butterflies of the Papiio glaucus Group. II. Ecological relationships and interspecific sexual behavior. Evolution 13(2): 212-228, 6 tbls.. {5 Jun 1959}

1995 Understanding and misunderstanding the migration of the monarch butterfly (Nymphalidae) in North America: 1857-1995. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(4): 304 - 385 {27 Dec 1995}



Brower, Lincoln Pierson and Jane Van Zandt Brower

1962 The relative abundance of model and mimic butterflies in natural populations of the Battus philenor mimicry complex. Ecology 43(1):154-158, 7 tbls. {Jan 1962}



Brower, Lincoln Pierson, Michael A. Ivie, Linda S. Fink, John R. Watts and Raymond A. Moranz

1992 Life history of Anetia briarea and its bearing on the evolutionary relationships of the Danainae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 3(2): 64-73, frtspc., 13 figs. {Nov, 28 Dec 1992}



Brown, C.

1934 Notes on Basilarchia lorquini Bdv., form fridayi Gun. (Lepid.: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 45(8): 205-206 {Oct 1934}



Brown, C. H.

1976 A colony of Papilio aristodemus ponceanus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in the upper Florida Keys. Journal of Georgia Entomological Society 11(2):117-118 {Apr 1976}



Browne, E. Janet

1983 The secular ark: Studies in the history of biogeography. Yale University Press: 276 pp. {10 Sep 1983}



Brown, Frederick Martin

1929 A revision of the genus Phoebis (Lepidoptera). American Museum Novitates (368): 1-22, 37 figs. {5 Sep 1929}

1931 A revision of the genus Aphrissa. American Museum Novitates (454): 1-14, 15 figs. {9 Feb 1931}

1934 The localities of T. L. Mead's collection of butterflies from Colorado in 1871. Journal of the New York entomological Society 42(2): 155-162 {[28] Jun 1934}

1941 Some notes on four primary reference works for Lepidoptera. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 34(1): 127-138 {Mar 1941}

1943 So-called Papilio ajax americus Kollar in North America (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Entomological News 53(10): 291 {Dec 1942, [26 Jan 1943]}

1950 The American Papilios. Lepidopterists' News 4(4/5): 39-41 {[16 Nov] 1950}

1951a The American Papilios. Lepidopterists' News 4(6/7): 63-67 {1950, 3 Mar 1951}

1951b Colorado Plebeius saepiolus. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 44(2): 286-292 {Jun 1951}

1953 Taxonomic notes on Oeneis uhleri Reakirt (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). American Museum Novitates (1625): 1-26, 8 figs., 11 tbls. {6 May 1953}

1955a The Wheeler expeditions to the southwestern United States, 1869-1876. Lepidopterists' News 9(4/5): 124-126 {22 Dec 1955}

1955b Studies of Nearctic Coenonympha tullia (Rhopalocera, Satyridae). Coenonympha tullia inornata Edwards. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 105(4): 363-409, pls. 28, 29, 19 figs., 21 tbls. {14 Mar 1955}

1956 Itineries of the Wheeler Survey naturalists, 1871 - Theodore L. Mead. Lepidopterists' News 9(6): 185-190, 1 map {1955, 16 Apr 1956}

1957 Two early entomological collectors in Colorado. Entomological News 68(2): 41-47 {[7] Feb 1957}

1958a The type locality for Ochlodes yuma. Lepidopterists' News 11(4/5): 152-154 {1957, 13 May 1958}

1958b The McCauley expedition to the San Juan region of Colorado in 1877. Journal of the New York entomological Society 65(3/4): 139-145 {Sep-Dec 1957, [27 Jun 1958]}

1958c Itineries of the Wheeler Survey naturalists 1871 - Ferdinand Bischoff. Journal of the New York entomological Society 65(3/4): 219-234 {Sep-Dec 1957, [27 Jun 1958]}

1959 A new subspecies of Coenonympha nipisquit McDunnough from New York State. Journal of the New York entomological Society 66(1/2): 63-72, 1 pl. {Mar-Jun 1958, [20 Jan 1959]}

1960b A badlands subspecies of Limenitis weidemeyerii Edwards (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates (2018): 1-6, 4 figs. {26 Sep 1960}

1962a About Lycaena nivalis browni. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 15(2): 107-108 {1 Feb 1962}

1962b Notes about the types of some species of butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Entomological News 73(10): 265-268 {Dec 1962}

1963a A note about letters from William Henry Edwards to William Greenwood Wright, and clues about certain dates of publication contained therein. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 39(3): 198-200 {Jul 1963}

1963b A neotype for Coenonympha ochracea Edwards (1861). Entomological News 74(8): 211-219 {[2] Oct 1963}

1964a Review. A synonymic list of the Nearctic Rhopalocera. Entomological News 75(5): 138-140 {[12] May 1964}

1964b The dates of publication of Lepidoptera: Rhopaloceres-Heteroceres by Herman Strecker. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 18(1): 43-44 {13 May 1964}

1964c Dates of publication of various parts of the proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia. Transactions of the american entomological Society 89(3/4): 305-308 {Sep/Dec 1963, 31 Jan 1964}

1964d The dates of publication of the first ten volumes of the Transactions of the american Entomological Society. Transactions of the american entomological Society 90(4): 313-321 {15 Sep 1964}

1964e The types of satyrid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Transactions of the american entomological Society 90(4): 323-413, 34 figs. {15 Sep 1964}

1965a Correct dates for butterflies named and described by William Henry Edwards in three entomological journals. Journal of the New York entomological Society 72(4): 209-223 {Dec 1964, 3 Feb 1965}

1965b Further notes about lost butterfly types of W. H. Edwards and the designation of a neotype for Coenonympha kodiak. Entomological News 76(3): 77-83 {[8] Mar 1965}

1965c Three letters from J. A. B. D. De Boisduval to W. H. Edwards, and the true identity of Melitaea pola Bdv. and Melitaea callina Bdv. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 19(4): 197-211, 5 figs. {20 Dec 1965}

1965d The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part I. Argynninae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 91(3): 233-350, 38 figs. {30 Sep 1965}

1966a Itineries of the Wheeler Survey naturalists: Henry Wetherbee Henshaw. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 20(2): 71-82, 8 tbls. {31 May 1966}

1966b Type locality for Cercyonis nephele Kirby and "Upper Canada" insects collected in the 1820's. Journal of the New York entomological Society 73(4): 240-242 {Dec 1965, 31 Jan 1966}

1966c Comments on the genus Cercyonis Scudder with figures of types (Satyridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 4(2): 131-148 {June, 1965 [May, 1966]}

1966d The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966}

1966e The authorship of Polites mystic, Edwards or Scudder (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 20(4): 239-242 {30 Nov 1966}

1967a The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part III, Nymphalinae, Limenitidinae, Apaturinae and Charaxinae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 93(3): 319-393, 23 figs {28 Sep 1967}

1967b Dr. Edward Palmer's collecting localities in southern Utah and northwestern Arizona. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(2): 129-134 {26 May 1967}

1967c Lorquin's localities "Sonora" and "Utah." Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(4): 271-274 {28 Nov 1967}

1968a Letters from Dr. H. H. Behr to Herman Strecker. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 22(1): 57-62 {13 Mar 1968}

1968b The proper name for Lycaena epixanthe from Newfoundland and the Maritime Provinces. Journal of the New York entomological Society 76(1): 22-26 {29 Mar 1968}

1968c Notes about North American butterflies described by Linnaeus in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 22(2): 77-88 {31 May 1968}

1968d The types of the riodinid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Transactions of the american entomological Society 94(2): 111-136 {26 Jun 1968}

1969a The types of the lycaenid butterflies named by William Henry Edwards. Part I. Lycaeninae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 95(1): 161-179 {Mar, 6 Jun 1969}

1969b Cercyonis pegala abbotti, new subspecies (Lepid.: Satyridae). Entomological News 80(7): 193-196, 2 figs. {Jul, [21 Aug] 1969}

1969c A case of authorship, Melitaea rubicunda (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(3): 175-176 {24 Sep 1969}

1970a The types of the lycaenid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part II. Theclinae and Strymoninae. (With four neotypes established by Paul A. Opler.) Transactions of the american entomological Society 96(1): 19-77 {25 Mar 1970}

1970b The Types of the lycaenid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part III. Plebejinae. With four neotypes established by John C. Downey. Transactions of the american entomological Society 96(3): 353-433 {Sep, 17 Nov 1970}

1970c Oeneis alberta in New Mexico, a new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 78(3): 134-138; figs. 1, 2 {Sep, 19 Nov 1970}

1971a The "Arrowhead Blue," Glaucopsyche piasus Boisduval (Lycaenidae; Plebejinae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 25(4): 240-246, 18 figs. {24 Nov 1971}

1971b In: R. M. Fox, and A. Forbes, The butterflies of the genera Siproeta and Metamorpha (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 43(8): 223-247 {24 Dec 1971}

1971c Euphydryas editha gunnisonensis, a new subspecies from western Colorado. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 9(1): 21-23, fig. 1 {Mar 1970, [12 Jul 1971]}

1973 The types of the pierid butterflies named by William Henry Edwards. Transactions of the american entomological Society 99(1): 29-118, 20 figs. {Mar, 18 May 1973}

1974a The butterfly called ismeria by Boisduval and LeConte. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (16): 1-12, 4 figs. {12 Apr 1974}

1974b The types of butterflies in the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 126(5): 51-54, 1 fig. {6 Dec 1974}

1975a The third edition of Thaddeus William Harris's "Treatise on Some of the Insects Injurious to Vegetation." 1862. Entomological News 86(3/4): 65-68 {Mar and Apr, 8 Oct 1975}

1975b A new subspecies of Glaucopsyche (Phaedrotes) piasus from Nevada (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 77(4): 501-504 {Dec 1975}

1975c The types of the papilionid butterflies named by William Henry Edwards. Transactions of the american entomological Society 101(1): 1-31, 10 figs. {14 May 1975}

1978 The origins of the West Indian butterfly fauna. In: Zoogeography in the Caribbean. Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Special Publication 13: 5-30, 4 tbls., 5 maps {1978}

1980 A postscript to the authorship of Hesperia mystic. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(1): 74-75 {22 May 1980}

1983a The type of Argynnis apacheana Skinner. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(1): 79-80 {19 Aug 1983}

1983b The proper citation for three species names proposed by S. H. Scudder. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(2): 181 {6 Sep 1983}

1988 Fabricius's "Systema Glossatorum." Transactions of the american entomological Society 113(4): 431-446 {Dec 1987, 8 Jan 1988}



Brown, Frederick Martin and William Dewitt Field

1970 Papilio hyllus Cramer, 1776, vs. Polyommatus thoe Guérin-Méneville, 1831, and the "50-year rule" (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 78(4): 175-184 {19 Nov 1970}



Brown, Frederick Martin, Donald Eff and Bernard Rotger

1954 Colorado butterflies, Part 1: Satyridae. Proceedings of the Denver Museum of Natural History 3: 1-32, 25 figs. {30 Sep 1954}

1955a Colorado butterflies, Part 2: Danaidae, Heliconidae and Nymphalidae. Proceedings of the Denver Museum of Natural History 4: 33-112, 74 figs. {21 Mar 1955}

1955b Colorado butterflies, Part 3: Libytheidae, Riodinidae and Lycaenidae. Proceedings of the Denver Museum of Natural History 5: 113-176, 57 figs. {29 Oct 1955}

1956a Colorado butterflies, Part 4: Pieridae and Papilionidae. Proceedings of the Denver Museum of Natural History 6: 177-238; 45 figs. {15 Apr 1956}

1956b Colorado butterflies, Part 5: Hesperiidae and Megathymidae. Proceedings of the Denver Museum of Natural History 7: 239-332; 113 figs. {28 Dec 1956}

1957 Colorado butterflies. Denver: Denver Museum Natural History (Assisted by Donald Eff and Bernard Rotger ): vii + 368 pp.; 314 unnumbered figs. {1957}



Brown, Frederick Martin and Bernard Heineman

1972 Jamaica and its butterflies. London; E. W. Classey: xv + 478 pp., 10 pls., 7 figs., 2 tbls., maps {1972}



Brown, Frederick Martin and Lee Denmar Miller

1975 The types of the hesperiid butterflies named by William Henry Edwards, Part I, Hesperiidae: Pyrginae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 101(4): 597-649; 24 figs. {31 Dec 1975}

1977 The types of the hesperiid Butterflies Named by William Henry Edwards. Part II, Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae, Section I. Transactions of the american entomological Society 103(2): 259-302, 27 figs. {20 Apr 1977}

1980 The types of the hesperiid butterflies named by William Henry Edwards. Part II, Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae, Section II. Transactions of the american entomological Society 106(1): 43-88, 29 figs. {5 Jun 1980}

1987 The types of the hesperiid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part II. Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae, Section III and Megathymidae. Transaction of the American entomological Society 113(1): 29-71; 27 figs. {29 May 1987}



Brown, Frederick Martin and Thomas W. Turner

1966 Panoquina panoquinoides (Skinner) and Panoquina errans (Skinner) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 77(1): 17-19 {[17] Jan 1966}



Brown, John Wesley

1983 A new species of Mitoura Scudder from southern California (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 21(4): 245-254, 6 figs. {Winter 1982(83), 15 Oct 1983}

1993 Thorne's hairstreak, Mitoura thornei. Pp. 122-123, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}

2001 Presidential Address, 2000: Nomenclatural nonsense - Flying in the face of a farcical code. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 55(1): 1-7, 7 figs., 4 tbls {21 Dec 2001}

2004 Preliminary assessment of Lepidoptera diversity on the peninsula of Baja California, Mexico, with a list of documented species. Folia entomológica mexicana 43(1): 87-114, 5 figs., 2 tabs. {19 Apr 2004}



Brown, John Wesley and David K. Faulkner

1984 Distribution records of certain Rhopalocera in Baja California, Mexico, with the description of a new subspecies of Papilio (Heraclides) astyalus (Godart) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (83): 1-9, 5 figs. {18 Jan 1984}

1989 The butterflies of Isla de Cedros, Baja California Norte, Mexico. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(3/4): 233-256, 10 figs. {1988(89) 10 Dec 1989}



Brown, John Wesley and William W. McGuire

1983 A new subspecies of Euphyes vestris (Boisduval) from southern California (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 20(3): 57-68, 19 figs. {24 Jun 1983}



Brown, John Wesley, Herman G. Real and David K. Faulkner

1992 Butterflies of Baja California. Faunal survey, natural history, conservation biology. Beverly Hills; The Lepidoptera Research Foundation, Inc.: v + 129 pp., 8 pls., 9 figs., maps {1992}



Brown, Keith Spalding, Jr.

1981 The biology of Heliconius and related genera. Annual Revue of Entomology 26: 427-456, 4 figs. 3 tbls. {1981}

1987 Chemistry at the Solanaceae Ithomiinae interface.Annals of the Missouri botanical Garden 74(2): 359-397, 1 figs, 6 tbls. {15 Jun [29 Sep] 1987}

1991a Neotropische Segelfalter: ihre Praeimaginal-stadien nebst Beschreibung einer neuen Gattung Mimoides n. gen. (Papilionidae: Graphiini). Entomologische Zeitschrift 101(20): 373-392, 55 figs., 1 tbl. {15 Oct 1991}

1991b Neotropische Segelfalter: ihre Praeimaginal-stadien nebst Beschreibung einer neuen Gattung Mimoides n. gen. (Papilionidae: Graphiini) (Schluß). Entomologische Zeitschrift 101(21): 399-401 {22 Oct 1991}



Brown, Keith Spalding, Jr., André Victor Lucci Freitas (with contributions from W. A. Haber, J. Vasconcellos-Neto, P. C. Motta, I. Sazima and A. B. Orr)

1994 Juvenile stages of Ithomiinae: Overview and systematics (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 5(1): 9-20, 10 figs. {31 May [17 Jun] 1994}



Brown, Keith Spalding, Jr., André Victor Lucci Freitas, Niklas Wahlberg, Barbara von Schoultz, Anja O. Saura and Anssi Saura

2007 Chromosomal evolution in the South American Nymphalidae. Hereditas 144(4): 137-148, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {Sep 2007}



Brown, Keith Spalding, Jr., Clécio F. Klitze, Carina Berlingeri and Paulo Eusébio Rubbo dos Santos

1995 Neotropical swallowtails: Chemistry of food plant relationships, population ecology, and biosystematics. Pp. 405-445, 9 figs., 4 tbls., in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}



Brown, Keith Spalding, Jr., and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke

1972 The heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nympahlidae). Part II. Introduction and general comments, with a supplementary revision of the tribe. Zoologica (New York) 57(1): 1-40, 6 pls., 12 figs., 1 map {11 Sep 1972}



Brown, Larry Nelson

1973a Populations of a new swallowtail butterfly found in the Florida Keys. Florida Naturalist 46(2): 25, 1 fig. {Apr 1973}

1973b Populations of Papilio andraemon bonhotei Sharpe and Papilio aristodemus ponceanus Schaus (Papilionidae) in Biscayne National Monument, Florida. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27(2): 136-140 {16 May 1973}



Brown, Lenny

2013 A guide to identifying the Azure (Celastrina) species occurring in Connecticut. Connecticut Butterfly Association.

http://www.ctbutterfly.org/pdfdocs/Azure_guide_new.html



Brown, Peter and George Burder Stratton

1963-5 World list of scientific periodicals published in the years 1900-1960. (4th edition). Washington, D.C.; Butterworths; 3 volumes: 4824 pp.



Brown, Richard M.

1969 A new subspecies of Callophrys fotis from the San Francisco Bay area (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(2): 95-96 {29 May 1969}



Brown, Valerie K.

1992 Plant succession and life history strategy. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7(5): 143-144 {May 1992}



Brown, W. J.

1959 Taxonomic problems with closely related species. Annual Review of Entomology 4: 77-98 {Jan 1959}



Browning, G. Wesley

1901 Collecting in the vicinity of Salt Lake City with a list of Rhopalocera taken. Entomological News 12(10): 297-304, pl. 13 {December 1901}



Brubaker Linda B., Patricia M. Anderson, Mary E. Edwards, and Anatoly V. Lozhkin

2005 Beringia as a glacial refugium for boreal trees and shrubs: new perspectives from mapped pollen data. Journal of biogeography 32(5): 833-848 {May, online 29 Apr 2005}



Brues, Charles Thomas

1905 The occurence of a tropical butterfly in the United States. Entomological News 16(1): 11-12 {Jan 1905}



Brues, Charles Thomas and Axel Leonard Melander

1932 Classification of insects. A key to the known families of insects and other terrestrial arthropods. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 73: 1-672, [1] + 1121 figs. {Jan 1932}



Brues, Charles Thomas, Axel Leonard Melander and Frank Morton Carpenter

1954 Classification of insects. Keys to the living and extinct families of insects, and to the living families of other terrestrial arthropods. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 108: I-v, 1-917, 1219 figs. {Mar 1954}



Brummit, Richard K.

1997 Taxonomy versus cladonomy, a fundamental controversy in biological systematics. Taxon 46(4): 723-734 {Nov 1997}

2003 Further dogged defense of paraphyletic taxa. Taxon 52(4): 803-804 {1 Nov 2003}



Brunton, Clair F. A.

1998 The evolution of ultraviolet pattens in European Colias butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae): a phylogeny using mitochondrial DNA. Heredity 80(5): 611-616, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {May 1998}



Brunton, Clair F. A. and Michael E. N Majeris

1995. Ultraviolet colours in butterflies: intra- or inter-specific communication? Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)260(1358): 199-204 {May 1995}



Brussard, Peter F.

1991 The role of ecology in biological conservation. Ecological Applications 1(1): 6-12 {Feb 1991}



Brussard, Peter F., John F. Baughman, Dennis D. Murphy, Paul Ralph Ehrlich and Janet Wright

1989 Complex differentiation in checkerspot butterflies (Euphydryas spp.). Canadian Journal of Zoology 67(2): 330-335, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Feb 1989}



Brussard, Peter F., Paul Ralph Ehrlich, Dennis D. Murphy, Bruce A. Wilcox and Janet Wright

1985 Genetic distances and the taxonomy of checkerspot butterflies (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 58(3): 403-412 {31 Jul 1985}



Bryant, Harold N. and Philip D. Gantino

2002 A review of criticisms of phylogenetic nomenclature: is taxonomic freedom the fundamental issue? Biological Reviews 77(1): 39-55 {Feb 2002}



Bryant, Owen

1935a In: R. Leussler & O. Bryant, Notes on the diurnal Lepidoptera of the Canadian Arctic collected by Owen Bryant in the summers of 1929 to 1932. I. Introduction. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 30(1): 1-10 {28 Feb 1935}

1935b In: R. Leussler & O. Bryant, Notes on the diurnal Lepidoptera of the Canadian Arctic collected by Owen Bryant in the summers of 1929 to 1932. III: Notes on the species. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 30(3): 115-118 {17 June 1935}



Bryk, Felix

1912 "Parnassiana" VI. Ueber die Aeuglein des amerikanischen delius. Societas entomologica 27(12): 57-58, 4 figs. {15 Jun 1912}

1913a "Parnassiana" XIII. Societas entomologica 28(22): 94-95 {15 Nov 1913}

1913b Neue Parnassiiden-Formen aus dem Zoologischen Museum zu Berlin. Archiv für naturgeschichte (A)79(3): 1-3 {Sep 1913}

1915a Über das Abändern von Parnassius apollo L. Archiv für naturgeschichte (A)80(7): 143-184, 5 pls., 6 figs. {1914, Mar 1915}

1915b Über das Abändern von Parnassius apollo L. Untersuchungen über Biologie und Zeichnungsverhältnisse der Formenkreises Parnassius apollo L. Archiv für naturgeschichte (A)80(9): 133-164, 8 pls. {1914, May 1915}

1921a Zur Nomenklaturfrage der schwedischen Argynnis improba Btlr. Entomologisk Tidskrift 41(2-4): 129-132 (1921}

1921b Neue Parnassiiden. Entomologisk Tidskrift 42(2): 112-119, 13 figs. {1921}

1923a Bibliographia Aurivilliana. Entomologisk Tidskrift 44(1): 1-55 {10 Mar 1923}

1923b Baroniidae, Teinopalpidae, Parnassiidae. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 27: [2] + 1-247 {1 Mar 1923}

1929 Papilionidae I. (Lamproptera, Cressida, Euryades, Troides). Lepidopterorum Catalogus 35: [2] + 1-56 {3 Jun 1929}

1930a Papilionidae. II. Papilio. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 37: 57-510 {28 Feb 1930}

1930b Papilionidae III. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 39: 511-676 {18 Oct 1930}

1932 Parnassiologische Studien aus England. Parnassiana 2(1): 1-6 {1932}; (2): 19-21 {25 Mar 1932}; (3): 31-33 {10 Jun 1932}

1934a Lepidoptera: Baroniidae, Teinopalpidae, Parnassiidae pars I. Das Tierreich 64: xxiii + 131 pp., 87 figs. {Jun 1934}

1934b Parnassiologische Studien aus England. (Fortsetzung). Parnassiana 3(1/2): 31-32 {15 Sep 1934}

1935 Lepidoptera: Parnassiidae. Pars II (Subfam. Parnassiinae). Das Tierreich 65: i-li + 790 pp., 698 figs. {1935} [reprinted in 1984]

1937a Danaidae I. Subfamilia Danainae; II: Subf. Ituninae, Tellervinae, Ithomiinae. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 78: [2] + 1-432 pp. {5 Jul 1937}

1937b Danaidae II. Subfamilia Ituninae, Tellervinae, Ithomiinae. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 80: 433-702 pp. {18 Dec 1937}

1938 In: Stichel, Nymphalidae. I. Subfam.: Dioninae, Anetiinae, Apaturinae. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 86: 1-374 pp. {29 Aug 1938}

1942 Zur Kenntnis der Großschmetterlinge der Kurilen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 56(1/2): 3-90, pls. 1-2, 4 figs. {15 Sep 1942}

1946 Zur Kenntnis der Großschmetterlinge von Korea. Pars I. Rhopalocera, Hesperioidea et Macrofrenatae I (Sphingidae). Arkiv för Zoologi 38A(3): 1-74, 5 pls., 1 map {4 Sep 1946}

1953 Lepidoptera aus dem Amazonasgebiete und aus Peru gesammelt von Dr. Douglas Melin und Dr. Abraham Roman. Arkiv för Zoologi (ns)5(1): 1-268, 9 figs. {12 Aug 1953}



Bryk, Felix and Curt Eisner

1931 Zwei neue Phoebus-Rassen. Parnassiana 1(5): 5-7, 4 figs. {6 Jan 1931}

1932 Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius unter Benutzung des Materials der Kollektion Eisner, Dahlem. (Fortsetzung).Parnassiana 2(6-8) 69-102, 1 pl. {18 Oct 1932}

1934 Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius unter Benutzung des Materials der Kollektion Eisner. (Fortsezung). Parnassiana 3(1/2): 3-22 {15 Sep 1934}

1935 Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius unter Benutzung des Materials der Kollektion Eisner. (Fortsetzung). Parnassiana 3(4/5): 47-62 {23 Feb 1935}

1937 A reply to the critical review of the treatment of the American species of Parnassius in the "Tierreich" by J. Mc. Dunnough in "The Canadian Entomologist." Parnassiana 5(1-3): 3-7 {8 Aug 1937}



Bu, Yun and Zhe-Min Zheng

2005 COII jyn zài knchóng fnz xìtng xué yánji zhng de zuòyòng hé dìwèi. Roles and status of cytochrome oxidase II gene in the research of insect molecular systematics. Chinese Bulletin of Entomology 42(1): 18-22 [in Chinese] {2005}



Buchecker, Heinrich

1876-80

Systema entomologicae sistens insectorum classes, genera, species. Pars I. Odonata (Fabric.) europ. [sic]. Berlin; F. Freidlander & Sohn/München; Selbstverlag: 16 + vi pp., 42 pls. [Odonata]; 2: 2 + 46 pls. [Lepidoptera]; 8 pls. [Hymenoptera]. Butterfly plates were probably all issued in 1880



Buchholz, Otto

1951 Mitoura gryneus octoscripta n. var. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 46(3): 78 {20 Jun 1951}



Buckell, F. J.

1895 Societies. Coenonympha tiphon var. inornata. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 7(5): 99 {1 Dec 1895}

1897 Coenonympha typhon and its varieties. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 9(4): 100-107 {15 Apr 1897}



Buckley, James, Jon R. Bridle and Andrew Pomiankowski

2010 Novel variation associated with species range expansion. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 382 (3 pp., 1 fig.) {online 9 Dec 2010}



Bull, Vanessa, Margarita Beltrán, Chris D Jiggins, W Owen McMillan, Eldredge Bermingham and James Louis Borlase Mallet

2006 Polyphyly and gene flow between non-sibling Heliconius species. BMC Biology 4: 11 (48 pp., 5 figs., 4 tbls.) {online 21 Apr 2006}



Bunker, Robert

1876 Notes on Vanessa lintnerii, Fitch. Canadian Entomologist 8(12): 240 {Dec 1876}



Burdick, William N.

1939 Comments of a field worker on the new race Euphydryas chalcedona klotsi--dos P. (Lepid.--Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 38(1): 36-38 {Jan-Apr, 15 May 1939}

1941 A new race of Parnassius smintheus from the Olympic Mountains of Washington (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 73(7): 117-118, 3 figs. {Jul, 7 Aug 1941}

1942a A new race of Coenonympha ampelos from the Mono Basin of California (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 74(1): 2-3, figs. {31 Jan 1942}

1942b A new race of Pieris napi (L.) from New Mexico. (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Canadian Entomologist 74(8): 154-155 {Aug, 28 Sep 1942}

1942c A new race of Plebeius lupini Bdv. from the Olympic Mountains of Washington (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 74(10): 195-196 {Oct, 18 Nov 1942}

1942d The rediscovery of Eumenis stretchii [sic] Edw. (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 74(11): 204-205 {Nov, 10 Dec 1942}

1956 A new concept for the Coenonympha of the Front Range of Colorado (Satyridae). Lepidopterists' News 10(3/4): 81-86, 1 fig. {12 Dec 1956}

1958 A new race of Oeneis chryxus from the Olympic Mountains of Washington (Satyridae). Lepidopterists' News 11(1-3): 22-26, 2 figs., 1 pl. {1957, 28 March 1958}

1959 A new race of Euphydryas from the Cascade Range of Oregon (Nymphalidae). Lepidopterists News 12(5/6): 165-170, 2 figs. {1958, 30 Apr 1959}



Burmeister, Hermann Carl Conrad

1875 Recherches sur les chenilles des lépidoptères de la tribu des hesperides. Revue et Magasin de Zoologie pure et appliquée (3)3(1): 50-64, pl. 1 {Jan 1875}

1878-9 Description physique de la République Argentine d'après des observations personelles et étrangères. Tome 5. Lépidoptères. Première partie. Contenant les diurnes, crepusculaires et bombycoïdes. Buenos Aires; Paul Emile Coni/Paris; F. Savy/Halle; E. Anton: vi + 526 pp. {[25 May] 1878}; Atlas (1): [i-ii], 1-40, pls. 1-13 {1879}; (2): [iii-iv], 41-60, pls. 14-24 {1880}; (3): 61-64, pl. [25] {[1881]}



Burney, David A. and Timothy F. Flannery

2005 Fifty millennia of catastrophic extinctions after human contact. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 20(7): 395-401 {July, online 30 Apr 2005}



Burns, John McLauren

1960 A new species of oak-eating Erynnis (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) restricted to the southern Cordillera of the United States. Wasmann Journal of Biology 18(1): 147-160, figs. 1-7 {Spring 1960}

1964 Evolution in skipper butterflies of the Genus Erynnis. University of California Publications in Entomology 37: iv + 214 pp., 24 figs., 1 pl. {7 Aug 1964}

1968 Mating frequency in natural population of skippers and butterflies as determined by spermatophore counts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 61(3): 852-859, 2 tbls. {15 Nov 1968}

1970 Cryptic sleeping posture of a skipper butterfly, Erynnis brizo. Psyche 76(4): 382-386 {Dec 1969 [22 Jul 1970]}

1974 The polytypic genus Celotes (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae, Pyrginae) from the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Psyche 81(1): 51-69, 8 figs., 2 tbls. {Mar, [21 May] 1974}

1975 Isozymes in evolutionary systematics. Pp. 49-62, in: C. Markert (Ed.), Isozymes, IV. Genetics and evolution. New York; Academic Press, Inc.: xxi + 965 pp.

1982 Lychnuchoides frappenda from central Mexico joins lunus and zweifeli in a lunus group of Atrytonopsis (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae, Hesperiinae). Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 84(3): 547-567, 30 figs., 2 tbls. {29 Jul 1982}

1983 Superspecies Atrytonopsis ovinia (A. ovinia plus A. edwardsi) and the nonadaptive nature of interspecific genitalic differences (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 85(2): 335-358, 56 figs., 3 tbls. {10 May 1983}

1984 Evolutionary differentiation: Differentiating gold-banded Skippers-Autochton cellus and more (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Pyrginae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (405): i-iii, 1-38; 90 figs., 3 tbls. {26 Dec 1984}

1985 Wallengrenia otho and W. egeremet in eastern North America (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (423): i-iii, 1-39, 66 figs., 4 tbls. {24 Dec 1985}

1987 The big shift: nabakovi from Atalopedes to Hesperia (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 41(4): 173-186, 15 figs. {5 Jan 1988}

1989 Phylogeny and zoogeography of the bigger and better genus Atalopedes (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 43(1): 11-32, 45 figs. {3 Mar 1989}

1990 Amblyscirtes: Problems with species, species groups, the limits of the genus, and genus groups beyond- a look at what is wrong with the skipper classification of Evans (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 44(1): 11-27, 26 figs. {5 Jun 1990}

1992 Genitalic recasting of Poanes and Paratrytone (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 46(1): 1-23, 32 figs. {15 Jul 1992}

1994a Split skippers: Mexican genus Poanopsis goes in the origines group-and Yvretta forms the rhesus group- of Polites (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(1): 24-45, 32 figs. {23 Feb 1994}

1994b Genitalia at the generic level: Atrytone restricted, Anatrytone resurrected, new genus Quasimellana--and yes! we have no Mellanas (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(4): 273-337, 112 figs. {19 Dec 1994}

1996 Genitalia and the proper genus: Codatractus gets mysie and uvydixa--in a compact cyda group--as well as a hysterectomy, while Cephise gets part of Polythrix (Hesperiidae: Pyrginae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 50(3): 173-216, 96 figs., 4 tbls. {11 Oct 1996}

2000 Pyrgus communis and Pyrgus albescens (Hesperiidae: Pyrginae) are separate transcontinental species with variable but diagnostic valves. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 54(2): 52-71, 377 figs., 1 tbl. {15 Nov 2000}

2001 Valeriana Skipper: How its scientific name changed from Thorybes valeriana to Codatractus mysie. American Butterflies 9(1): 36-37, 4 figs. {Spring 2001}



Burns, John McLauren and Daniel H. Janzen

2001 Biodiversity of pyrrhopygine skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) in the Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 55(1): 15-43, 28 figs. 2 tbls. {21 Dec 2001}



Burns, John McLauren, Daniel H. Janzen, Mehrdad Hajibabei, Winnie Hallwachs and Paul D. N. Hebert

2007 DNA barcodes of closely related (but morphologically and ecologically distinct) species of skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) can differ by only one to three nucleotides. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 61(3): 138-153, 46 figs., 3 tbls. {24 Oct 2007}

2008 DNA barcodes and cryptic species of skipper butterflies in the genus Perichares in Area de Conservacion Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105(17): 6350-6355, 5 figs., 3 tbls., 2 app. {29 Apr 2008}



Burns, John McLauren and Roy O'Neal Kendall

1969 Ecologic and spatial distribution of Pyrgus oileus and Pyrgus philetas (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) at their northern distributional limits. Psyche 76(1): 41-53, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {Mar, [27 Aug] 1969}



Burns, John McLauren, James Donald Lafontaine, Paul A. Opler (chair), Robert K. Robbins and Felix Sperling

2000 Precis of first meeting. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 42(1): 9, 13, 23 {Spring, 15 Mar 2000}



Butler, Arthur Gardiner

1865a 4. Description of six new species of exotic butterflies in the collection of the British Museum. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1865(2): 455-459, pl. 26 {23 May, [Oct] 1865}

1865b 5. Description of the characters of six new species of rhopalocerous Lepidoptera in the collection of the British Museum, with notes on the allied species. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1865(2): 481-486 {13 Jun [Oct] 1865}

1865c XLIII.--Description of four new species of butterflies in the collection of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (3)16(96): 397-399 {1 Dec 1865}

1866a 8. A monograph of the diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the genus Danais, being a revision of the insects of that genus, with descriptions of new species in the National Collection. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1866(1): 43-59, pl. 4, 3 figs. {23 Jan [May]1866}

1866b 4. Supplement to a monograph of the genus Danais, founded on specimens in the collection of Mr. Osbert Salvin. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1866(2): 171-175, 3 figs. {Mar 27 [Sep] 1866}

1866c Descriptions of some new species of diurnal Lepidoptera in the collection of the British Museum. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 3(28): 76-78 {Sep 1866}

1866d A list of the diurnal Lepidoptera recently collected by Mr. Whitely in Hakodadi (North Japan). Journal of the Linnean Society of London (Zool.) 9(34): 50-58 {11 Oct 1866}

1867a A monograph of the genus Euptychia, a numerous race of butterflies belonging to the family Satyridae; with descriptions of sixty species new to science, and notes on their affinites, &c. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1866(3): 458-504, pls. 39-40 {22 Nov 1866 [Apr 1867]}

1867b Descriptions of some new species of Satyridae belonging to the genus Euptychia. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1867(1): 104-110, pls. 11-12 {24 Jan [May] 1867}

1867c Revison of the group of lepidopterous insects hitherto included in the genus Pronophila of Westwood. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (3)20(118): 266-268, 3 figs. {1 Oct 1867}

1867d The genera of Hübner's 'Verzeichniss'. Entomologist 3(47): 362-363 (Nov 1867)

1868a An essay towards an arrangement of the genera of the family Satyridae. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 4(45): 193-197 {Feb 1868}

1868b Catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera of the family Satyridae in the collection of the British Museum. London; Taylor & Francis [Trustees of the British Mus.]: vi + 211 pp.; 5 pls. {[25 Jul] 1868}

1869-74

Lepidoptera Exotica, or descriptions and illustrations of exotic Lepidoptera. London; W. W. Janson: [vi] + 190 + [vi] pp., pls. 1-64 (20 parts) (pages 129-136 missing); (1) pp. 1-8, pls. 1-3 (Jun 1869); (2) pp. 9-16, pls. 4-6 (Sep 1869); pp. 17-24, pls. 7-9 (Nov 1869); pp. 25-32, pls. 10-12 (Feb 1870); pp. 33-42, pls. 13-14 (May 1870); pp. 43-50, pl.s 16-19 (Aug 1870); pp. 51-58, pls. 20-22 (Apr 1871); (3) pp. 59-66, pls. 23-25 (Apr 1871); pp. 67-74, pls. 26-28 (Jul 1871); (4) pp. 75-84, pls. 29-32 (Oct 1871); pp. 85-94, pls. 33-35 (Jan 1872); pp. 95-104, pls. 36-38 (Apr 1872); (8) pp. 105-114, pls. 39-41 (Jul. 1872); (9) pp. 115-120, pls. 42-44 (Oct. 1872); pp. 121-128, pls. 45-48 (Jan. 1873); (10) pp. 137-144, pls. 49-51 (Apr. 1873); pp. 145-152, pls. 52-54 (Jul. 1873); (13) pp. 153-162, pls. 55-57 (Oct. 1873); pp. 163-174, pls. 58-60 (Jan. 1874); pp. 175-190, pls. 61-64 (Apr. 1874)

1869a Descriptions of species of Lepidoptera, confounded with others described by Linnaeus and Fabricius. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 5(59): 270-273 {April 1869}

1869b Descriptions of new Rhopalocera from the Collection of Herbert Druce, Esq. Cistula Entomologica 1(1): 1-16 {15 Oct 1869}

1870a Catalogue of diurnal Lepidoptera described by Fabricius in the collection of the British Museum. London; Taylor & Francis [Order of the Trustees, British Museum], : v + 303 pp.; 3 pls. {1869 [12 Feb. 1870]}

1870b II. Descriptions of six new species of Callidryas. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1870(1): 9-12 {[14] Mar 1870}

1870c XXXVIII.--On new diurnal Lepidoptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)5(29): 362-365 {1 May 1870}

1870d The genera of Hesperiidae in the collection of the British Museum. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 7(75): 55-58 {Aug 1870}; (76): 92-96 {Sep 1870}; (77): 97-99 {Oct 1870}

1870e A revision of the genera of the sub-family Pierinae. Cistula Entomologica 1(3): 33-58, pls. 1-4 {12 Sep 1870}

1870f XXI. Descriptions of some new diurnal Lepidoptera, chiefly Hesperiidae. Transactions of the entomological Society fo London (4)1870[18](4): 485-520 {[20] Dec 1870}

1871a III. Descriptions of a new genus and six new species of Pierinae. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1871(2): 169-173, pl. 7 {[22] May 1871}

1871b 4. Descriptions of some new species and a new genus of Pierinae, with a monographic list of the species of Ixias. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1871(1): 250-254, pl. 19 {7 Mar, Jun 1871}

1871c The nomenclature of Rhopalocera, as affected by the names given in Perry's "Arcana." Entomologist's monthly Magazine 8(91): 167 {Dec 1871}

1872a Descriptions of new butterflies from Costa Rica. Cistula Entomologica 1(4): 72-90 {25 Jan 1872}

1872b 1. A synonymic list of the species formerly included in the genus Pieris; with all others described since the subdivision of the group by recent Authors. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1872(1): 26-67 {Jun 1872}

1873a Monograph of the genus Callidryas. London; E.W. Janson; from Lepidoptera exotica, parts III-XVIII, 1870-1873: 39 pp., 16 lvs of plates {1873}

1873b XXIX.--List of Lepidoptera in a small collection sent from Peru by Mr. Whitely, with descriptions of the new species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)12(69): 218-230 {1 Sep 1873}

1873c Descriptions of new species of Lepidoptera. Cistula Entomologica 1(7): 151-177 {1 Oct 1873}

1874 XIX. Description of a some new species and a new genus of diurnal Lepidoptera in the collection of Herbert Druce, Esq. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1874(4): 423-436, pl. 6 {Dec May 1874}

1877a In: W. H. Edwards, Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. Part 1. Diurnals. Transactions of the american entomological Society 6(1): 1-68 {Preprint [Feb] 1877; paper 1 Jul-30 Sep 1877}

1877b Description of a new species of Argynnis from Arctic America. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 13(153): 206 {Feb 1877}

1877c IX. On the Lepidoptera of the Amazons, collected by James W. H. Trail, Esq., during the years 1873-1875. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1877(2): 105-156, pl. 3 {Jun, [2 Jul] 1877}

1883 The Lepidoptera collected during the recent expedition of H.M.S. "Challenger." Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5)11(66): 402-428 {Jun 1883}

1885 On the identity of Cyaniris ladon of Cramer with C. pseudargiolus of Boisduval & Leconte. Entomologica Americana 1(3): 53 {Jun 1885}

1887 XII.-Description of a new butterfly allied to Vanessa antiopa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5)19(110): 103-104 {1 Feb 1887}

1887 A new genus of Pierinae allied to Appias. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 23(275): 248-249 {Apr 1887}

1896 VII.--Descriptions of new species of butterflies of the genus Catasticta in the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6)17(97): 53-55 {1 Jan 1896}

1897 On two collections of Lepidoptera made by Mr. Richard Crawshay in Nyasa-Land. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1896(4): 817-850 {[Apr 1897]}

1898a L.--Descriptions of some new species of butterflies of the Subfamily Pierinae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)1(4): 294-296 {1 Apr 1898}

1898b III. On the butterflies of the genera Leptophobia and Pieris. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)2(7): 13-24 {1 Jul 1898}

1899 LIII. A revision of the Dismorphina of the New World, with descriptions of new species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)3(17): 373-393 {1 May 1899}

1900 Note on Cyaniris pseudargiolus of Boisduval and Le Conte. Canadian Entomologist 32(3): 91 {Mar 1900}

1901a On two consignments of butterflies collected by Mr. Richard Crawshay in the Kikuyu cuntry of British East Africa. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1900(4): 911-946, ill. {[Apr 1901]}

1901b XXIX. A revision of the butterflies of the genus Precis, with notes on the seasonal phases of the species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)8(45): 196-216 {1 Sep 1901}

1904 The butterflies of the group callidryades and their seasonal phases. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)14(84): 410-414 {1 Dec 1904}



Butler, Arthur Gardiner and Herbert Druce

1872 Descriptions of new genera and species of Lepidoptera from Costa Rica. Cistula Entomologica 1(5): 95-118 {20 Jul 1872}



Butlin, Roger K., Jon R. Bridle and Dolph Schluter

2009 Speciation and patterns of diversity. Cambridge, UK/New York; Cambridge University Press: x + 333 pp., illus. {2009}



--C--



Cadbury, John W., 3rd

1938 Lepidoptera collected in northern British Columbia by Miss Josephine de N. Henry. Part 1.--Rhopalocera. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 89: 387-413, pls. 15, 16 {1937, Feb (6 Jan) 1938}



Calhoun, John V.

1992 Notes on the type of Papilio cresphontes ab. "maxwelli" (Papilionidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 46(3): 238-239 {10 Nov 1992}

1993 Designation of a lectotype of Nisoniades somnus and notes on the occurence of Erynnis icelus in Florida (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(1): 49-54 {24 Feb 1993}

1994 William Wittfeld: The Florida connection. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(1): 58-67 {23 Feb 1994}

1995 The biogeography and ecology of Euphyes dukesi (Hesperiidae) in Florida. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(1): 6-23 {2 Mar 1995}

1996 Conquering soldiers: The successful invasion of Florida by Danaus eresimus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalinae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 3(1): 7-18, 13 figs. {Mar, 15 Jun 1996}

1997a Notes on the taxonomic status of Ascia monuste crameri (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 4(1): 25-26, 1 fig. {25 Jun 1997}

1997b Updated list of the butterflies and skippers of Florida (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea). Holarctic Lepidoptera 4(2): 39-50, 1 fig. {Sep, 20 Dec 1997}

2002 Sibling rivalry in Florida: The displacement of Pyrgus communis by Pyrgus albescens (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 56(2): 98-103, 1 fig., 2 tbls. {30 Apr 2002}

2003 The history and true identity of Melitaea ismeria (Nymphalidae): A remarkable tale of duplication, misinterpretation, and presumption. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 57(3): 204-219, 25 figs. {29 Sep 2003}

2004 Histoire Générale et Iconographie des Lépidoptères et des Chenilles de l'Amérique Septentrionale by Boisduval & Le Conte (1829-[1837]): Original drawings used for the engraved plates and the true identities of four figured taxa. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 58(3): 143-168, 45 figs., 2 tbls. {27 Oct 2004}

2005a An early drawing of Chlosyne gorgone (Hübner) (Nymphalidae) by John Abbot. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 59(3): 172-173, 5 figs. {28 Oct 2005}

2005b A signature worth a thousand words. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(4): 114 {25 Nov 2005}

2006a A glimpse into a "Flora et Entomologia": The Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia by J. E. Smith & J. Abbot (1797). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 60(1): 1-37, 21 figs., 4 tbls. {26 Apr 2006}

2006b More on Melitaea ismeria Boisduval & Le Conte: the discovery of Boisduval's specimens of Chlosyne nycteis (Doubleday). News of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(2): 56, 57, 59, figs. 1, 2 {29 Jul 2006}

2006c John Abbot's "lost" drawings for John E. Le Conte in the American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 60(4): 211-217, 6 figs. {14 Dec 2006}

2007a John Abbot's butterfly drawings for William Swainson, including genera; comments about Abbot's artistic methods and written observations. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 61(2): 1-20, 7 figs. {10 May 2007}

2007b The identity of Papilio daunus Cramer (Hesperiidae): A re-examination with new evidence. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 61(2): 105-112, 5 figs. {20 Aug 2007}

2007c The butterfly drawings by John Abbot in the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 61(3): 125-37, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {24 Oct 2007}

2007d The manuscripts of Thaddeus William Harris (1795-1856). News of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(4):118-119 {5 Dec 2007}

2007e Butterfly drawings by John Abbot in the Houghton Library, Harvard University, that are wrongly attributed to an "inferior copyist." Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 61(4): 228-232, 3 figs., 1 tbl. {14 Dec 2007}

2009a The complex history of "Insects injurious to vegetation" by Thaddeus W. Harris, with date correction and lectotype desigtnation for Vanessa comma Harris (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 63(3): 154-163, 3 figs. {22 Oct 2009}

2009b In the interest of stability: What is Hesperia origenes F. (Hesperiidae)? News of the Lepidopterist's Society 51(4): 119-123, 9 figs. {Winter, 5 Dec 2009}

2010a The identities of Papilio evarete Cramer and Papilio genoveva Cramer (Nymphalidae), with notes on the occurrence of Junonia evarete in Florida. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 52(2): 47-51, 18 figs {Summer, 30 May 2010}

2010b Affirmation of the name Papilio hyllus Cramer (Lycaenidae) for a Nearctic butterfly with the description of a neotype. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 64(2): 79-90, 20 figs. {27 Jul 2010}

2011 Eresia carlota Reakirt (Nymphalidae): The designation of a lectotype and the return of the type locality to Colorado. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 65(3): 162-166, 6 figs. {12 Oct 2011}

2012a Notes on Megathymus yuccae as illustrated by Boisduval & LeConte [1873] [sic 1837], with remarks about the holotype of M. cofaqui. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 54(1): 8-13, 15 figs. {2012}

2012b Why the American Copper, Lycaena phlaeas (L.), was attributed to Florida. Southern Lepidopterists' Society News 34(1): 23-25 {2012}

2013a The 1871 journal of Theodore L. Mead (1852-1936). Palm Harbor, Florida; The author: 135 pp. {before 5 Jun 2013}

2013b The extraordinary story of an artistic and scientific masterpiece: The butterflies of North America by William Henry Edwards, 1868-1897. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 67(2): 73-110, 12 images, 4 tbls. {5 Jun 2013}

2013c The Dodge family: an enduring tradition of entomology. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 67(3): 206-220, 7 figs. {29 Aug 2013}

2013d The correct publication date of the Report upon the collections of Diurnal Lepidoptera made in portions of Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona by Theodore L. Mead. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 55(3): 96-99, 5 figs. {Fall, 9 Sep 2013}

2013e Hesperia illinois Dodge (Hesperiidae): An invalid neotype and the designation of a lectotype. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 67(4): 274-280, 14 figs. {20 Nov 2013}



Calhoun, John V. and Richard A. Anderson

1991 A review of the status of Eurema daira palmira (Poey) (Pieridae) in Florida, including additional records from the lower Florida keys. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(1): 58-62, 9 figs. {14 Aug 1991}



Calhoun, John V., Lee Denmar Miller and Jacqueline Y. Miller

2005 Case 3280. Melitaea nycteis Doubleday, 1847 (currently Chlosyne nycteis; Insecta, Lepidoptera): Proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 62(2): 79-83 {30 Jun 2005}



Calhoun, John V., Jeffrey R. Slotten and Mark Salvato

2002 The rise and fall of tropical blues in Florida: Cyclargus ammon and Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 7(1): 13-20, 2 figs. {20 Dec 2002}



Callaghan, Curtis John and Gerardo Lamas

2004 Riodinidae. Pp. 141-170, in: G. Lamas (Ed.), Checklist: Part 4A. Papilionoidea - Hesperioidea, in: J. Heppner (Ed.), Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Volume 5A. Gainesville, Association for Tropical Lepidoptera; Scientific Publishers: xxxvi + 439 pp. {12 Nov 2004}



Cameron, H. D.

1988 Geoffroy in Fourcroy, 1785. Sphecos 17: 6-7 {Oct 1988}



Campbell, Dana L., Andrew Van Zandt Brower and Naomi E. Pierce

2000 Molecular evolution of the wingless gene and its implications for the phylogenetic placement of the butterfly family Riodinidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Biology and Evolution 17(5): 684- 696, 5 figs., 5 tbls., app. {May 2000}



Campbell, Dana L., and Naomi E. Pierce

2003. Phylogenetic relationships of the Riodinidae: Implications for the evolution of ant association, pp. 395-408, 4 figs., 2 tabs. In: Boggs, C. L., W. B. Watt & P. R. Ehrlich (Eds.), Butterflies: Ecology and evolution taking flight. Chicago; University of Chicago Press: xvii + 739 pp., [14] pp. pls., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {2003}



Cameron, Stephen, Daniel Rubinoff and Kipling Will

2006 Who will actually use DNA barcoding and what will it cost? Systematic Biology 55(5): 844-847 {Oct 2006}



Cannon, Paula

2006 Bahamian Swallowtails in the United States: First reports of the Cuban subspecies. American Butterflies 14(3/4): 4-15, figs. {Fall/Winter 2006}



Cantino, Philip D.

2004 Classifying species versus naming clades. Taxon 53(3): 795-798. {Aug 2004}



Cantino, Philip D., Harold N. Bryant, Kevin De Queiroz, Michael J. Donoghue, Torsten Eriksson, David M. Hillis, and Michael S. Y. Lee

1999 Species names in phylogenetic nomenclature. Systematic Biology 48(4): 790-807, 3 tbls. {Dec. 1 Oct 1999}



Cantino, Philip D. and Richard G. Olmstead

2008 Application of phylogenetically defined names does not require that every specifier be present on a tree. Systematic Biology 57(1): 157-160 {1 Feb 2008}



Cantino, Philip D., Richard G. Olmstead and Steven J. Wagstaff

1997 A comparison of phylogenetic nomenclature with the current system: a botanical case study. Systematic Biology 46(2): 313-331. 1 fig. 1 tbl. {Jun 1997}



Capronnier, Jean-Baptiste

1874 Notice sur les époques d'apparition des lépidoptéres diurnes du Brésil recueillis par M. C. van Volxem, dans son voyage en 1872. Annales de la Société entomologique Belgique 17(1): 5-39, pl. 1 {30 Jul 1874}

1881 Note sur les époques d'apparition des lépidoptères diurnes de l'Amerique du Sud recueillis dans la province de Rio-Janeiro, par M. Thobie, en 1877. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 25: 94-105 {[after 6 Aug] 1881}



Cardé, R. T., Arthur M. Shapiro and Harry Kendon Clench

1970 Sibling species in the eurydice group of Lethe (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Psyche 77(1): 70-103, 22 figs., 1 tbl. {Mar, Oct 1970}



Carneiro, Eduardo, Olaf H. H. Mielke and Mirna M. Casagrande

2012 Head morphology of some Neotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Zootaxa 3198: 1-28 {20 Feb 2012}



Carpenter, Geoffrey Douglas Hale and Bertram Maurice Hobby

1944 On Limenitis bredowii Geyer (Lep., Nymphalidae) with description of a new subspecies and revival of another. A study in geographical distribution and speciation. Transactions of the royal entomological Society of London 94(2): 311-346, 4 pls., 2 figs., 4 tbls. 2 chrts. {29 Dec 1944}



Carpenter, Geoffrey Douglas Hale and Charles Bernard Lewis, Jr.

1943 A collection of Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from the Cayman Islands. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 29(13): 371-396, 9 figs. {15 Jan 1943}



Carpenter, James M.

2003 Critique of pure folly. The Botanical Review 69(1): 79-92 {1 Jan 2003}



Carroll, Sean B., Julie Gates, David N. Keys, Stephen W. Paddock, Grace E. F. Panganiban, Jane E. Selegue & Jim A. Williams

1994 Pattern formation and eyespot determination in butterfly wings. Science 265(5168): 109-114, 5 figs. {1 Jul 1994}



Carsus, Jean-Noël, and Xavier Choimet

2006 Présence de Papilio demoleus L. en République Dominicaine (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Revue de l'Association roussillonnaise d'Entomologie 15(2): 54-55, 2 figs. {2006}



Carvalho, Marcelo R. de, Flávio A. Bockmann, Dalton S. Amorim and Carlos Roberto F. Brandão

2008 Systematics must embrace comparative biology and evolution, not speed and automation. Evolutionary Biology 35(2): 150-157 {Jun, online 20 Mar 2008}



Carvalho, Marcelo R. de, Flávio A. Bockmann, Dalton S. Amorim and Carlos Roberto F. Brandão Mário de Vivo, José L. de Figueiredo, Heraldo A. Britski, Mário C. C. de Pinna, Naércio A. Menezes, Fernando P. L. Marques, Nelson Papavero, Eliana M. Cancello, Jorge V. Crisci, John D. McEachran, Robert C. Schelly, John G. Lundberg, Anthony C. Gill, Ralf Britz, Quentin D. Wheeler, Melanie L. J. Stiassny, Lynne R. Parenti, Larry M. Page, Ward C. Wheeler, Julián Faivovich, Richard P. Vari, Lance Grande, Chris J. Humphries, Rob DeSalle, Malte C. Ebach, Gareth J. Nelson

2007 Taxonomic impediment or impediment to taxonomy? A commentary on systematics and the cybertaxonomic-automation paradigm. Evolutionary Biology 34(3-4): 140-143 {Dec 2007}



Cary, Merritt

1901 Notes on the butterflies of Sioux County, Nebraska. Canadian Entomologist 33(11): 305-311 {8 Nov 1901}

1906 On the diurnal Lepidoptera of the Athabaska and Mackenzie Region, British America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 31(1488): 425-457 {24 Sep 1906}



Cary, Steven J. and Richard Holland

1994 New Mexico butterflies: Checklist, distribution and conservation. Journal of the Research on the Lepidoptera 31(1-2):57-82 {1992, Jul 1994}



Cary, Steven J. and Ray Edmund Stanford

1995 A new subspecies of Ochlodes yuma (W. H. Edwards) with notes on life history and historical biogeography. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (140): 1-5, 5 figs. {12 Dec 1995}



Casagrande, Mirna Martins

1996. Notas sistemáticas sobre Brassolinae. I. Tribos (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Revista brasileira de Zoologia 12(3): 671-699, 37 figs. {1995, 2 June 1996}



Cassel, Anna and Toomas Tammaru

2003 Allozyme variability in central, peripheral and isolated populations of the scarce heath (Coenonympha hero: Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae); implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics 4(1): 83-93 {Jan 2003}



Cassel-Lundhagen, Anna

2010 Peripheral relict populations of widespread species;evolutionary hotspots or just more of the same? Pp. 267-275, in: J C. Habel and T. Assmann (Eds.), Relict species: phylogeography and conservation biology. Berlin; Springer-Verlag; Symposium on relict species (2007 : Luxembourg): xv + 449 pp., illus. (some col.), maps {2010}



Cassel-Lundhagen, Anna, Toomas Tammaru, Jack J. Windig, Nils Ryrholm and Søren Nylin

2009 Are peripheral populations special? Congruent patterns in two butterfly species. Ecography 32(4): 591-600, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Aug 2009}



Cassie, Brian, Jeffrey Glassberg, Ann Swengel and Guy Tudor

2001 Checklist & english names of North American butterflies. (second edition). Morristown, New Jersey; North American Butterfly Association: [iv] + 60 pp. {2001}



Cassilde, Catherine, Patrick Blandin, Jacques Pierre and Thierry Bourgoin

2010 Phylogeny of the genus Morpho Fabricius, 1807, revisited (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 115(2): 225-250, 3 pls. {2010}



Castoe, Todd A., A. P. Jason de Koning and David D. Pollock

2010a Adaptive molecular convergence. Molecular evolution versus molecular phylogenetics. Communicative & Integrative Biology 3(1): 67-69, 1 fig. {Jan/Feb 2010}

2010b Molecular Structure and Evolution of Genomes. Pp. 183-202, in: G. Anollés (Ed.), Evolutionary Genomics and Systems Biology. Hoboken, N.J.; Wiley-Blackwell: xix + 465 pp., [40] pp. of pls. illus. (some col.) {online 12 Jul 2010}



Caterino, Michael, Jeffrey Glassberg and John Heraty

2003. Report of the NABA names committee. American Butterflies 11(2): 24-27, figs. {2003}



Caterino, Michael S., Soowon Cho and Felix A. H. Sperling

2000 The current state of insect molecular systematics: A thriving tower of Babel. Annual Revue of Entomology 45: 1-54 {[Apr] 2000}



Caterino, Michael S., Robert D. Reed, May M. Kuo and Felix A. H. Sperling

2001 A partioned likelyhood analysis of swallowtail phylogeny (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Systematic Biology 50(1): 106-127 {Feb 2001}



Caterino, Michael S. and Felix A. H. Sperling

1999 Papilio phylogeny based on mitochondrial Cytochrome Oxidase I and II Genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11(1): 122-137, 9 figs., 6 tbls. {Feb 1999}



Catesby, Mark

1731-43

The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands, containing the figures of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents, insects, and plants: Particularly, the forest-trees, shrubs and other plants, not hitherto described, or very incorrectly figured by authors. together with their descriptions in English and French. To which, are added observations on the air, soil, and waters: with remarks upon agriculture, grain, pulse, roots, &c. To the whole, is perfixed a new and correct map of the countries treated of. (with a French title): Histoire naturelle de la Caroline, de la Floride, et des Isles de Bahama: Contenant les desseins des oiseaux, des quadrupeds, des poissons, des serpens, des insectes, & des plantes, Qui fe trouvent dans ces pays-là; et en particulier, de ceux qui n'ont point été decrits jusqu' à present par le auteurs, ou peu exactement dessinés. Avec leurs descriptions en François & en Anglois. London; W. Innys and R. Manby, folio, 200 pls. 1: 44 + 100 pp., 100 pls. (1731); 2: 100 pp., 100 pls. (1743); Appendix: 20 pp., 20 pls. (1748)

1771 The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands: Containing the figures of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents, insects, and plants: Particularly, those not hitherto described, or incorrectly figured by former authors, with their descriptions in English and French. To which is perfixed, a new and correct map of the countries; with observations on their natural state, inhabitants, and productions; to the whole is now added a linnæan index of the animals and plants. (with a French title): Histoire naturelle de la Caroline, de la Floride, et des Isles de Bahama: Contenant les desseins des oiseaux, des quadrupeds, des poissons, des serpens, des insectes, & des plantes, qui fe trouvent dans ces pays-là; et en particulier, de ceux qui n'ont point été decrits jusqu' à present par le auteurs, ou peu exactement dessinés. Avec leurs descriptions en François & en Anglois. London : Printed for Benjamin White, folio, 200 pls. 1: 44 + 100 pp., 100 pls; 2: 100 pp., 100 pls., Appendix: 20 pp., 20 pls., index (3rd edition revised by George Edwards) {1771}



Catling, Paul M. and John V. Calhoun

1997 Genus Megisto in Florida and the taxonomic status of Megisto viola (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 4(1): 27-33, 9 figs., 1 map {Mar, 25 Jun 1997}



Catling, Paul M. and Ross A. Layberry

2013 An alvar race of the couperi subspecies of the Silvery Blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus couperi) in southeastern Ontario? Canadian Field-Naturalist 127(3): 224-228, 3 figs {Jul-Sep 2013}



Cech, Rick and Guy Tudor

2005 Butterflies of the east coast: An observer's guide. Princeton, N.J.; Princeton University Press: xii + 345 pp., 878 color photos, 234 maps {May 2005}



Cesaroni, D., Lucarelli, M., Allori, P., Russo, F. & Sbordoni, V.

1994 Patterns of evolution and multidimensional systematics in graylings (Lepidoptera, Hipparchia). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 52(2): 101-119 {Jun 1994}



Chainey, John E.

2003 The authorship and dates of Pieter Cramer's De Uitlandsche Kapellen: A request for comments from lepidopterists. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 60(2): 145-146 {30 Jun 2003}

2005 The species of Papilionidae and Pieridae (Lepidoptera) described by Cramer and Stoll and their putative type material in the Natural History Museum in London. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 145(3): 283-337, 43 figs. {Nov 2005}



Chaitra, M. S., Karthikeyan Vasudevan, Kartik Shanker

2004 The biodiversity bandwagon: the splitters have it. Current Science 86(7): 897-899 {10 Apr 2004}



Chan, Kai M. A. and Simon A. Levin

2005 Leaky prezygotic isolation and porous genomes: Rapid introgression of maternally inherited DNA. Evolution 59(4): 720-729, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {Apr 2005}



Chang, V. C.

1963 Quantitative analysis of certain wing and genitalia characters of Pieris in western North America. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 2(2): 97-125 {Sep, [30 Dec] 1963}



Chapman, Thomas Algernon

1895 Notes on butterfly pupae, with some remarks on the phylogenesis of the Rhopalocera. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 6(5): 101-107 {15 Mar 1895}; 6(6): 125-130, pl. 2 {1 April 1895}; (7): 147-152 {15 Apr 1895}

1898 A review of the genus Erebia based on an examination of the male appendages. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1898(2): 209-239, pls. 5-16 {29 Jun 1898}

1909 A review of the species of the lepidopterous genus Lycaenopsis Feld. (Cyaniris auct. nec Dalman) on examination of the male ancillary appendages. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London (4)1909(2): 419-476, figs. 51-122 {27 Apr, [3 Aug] 1909]

1910 On Zizeeria (Chapman), Zizera (Moore), a group of lycaenid butterflies. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1910(4): 479-497, pls. 51-60 {21 Dec 1910}

1916 On the paring of the Plebeiid blue butterflies (Lycaeninae, tribe Plebeiidi). Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1916(1): 156-180, pls. 18-62 {16 Aug 1916}

1917 A new European Lycaena. Études de Lépidoptérologie comparée 14: 41-76, 20 pls. {1917}



Charlesworth, Brian, Russell Lande and Montgomery Slatkin

1982 A neo-Darwinian commentary on macroevolution. Evolution 36(3): 474-498 {May 1982}



Chen, Jun, Qi Li, Lingfeng Kong and Hong Yu

2011 How DNA barcodes complement taxonomy and explore species diversity: The case study of a poorly understood marine fauna. PLoS One 6(6): e21326 (9 pp., 7figs., 2 suppl.) {2011}



Chen, Na, Guo-ping Zhu, Jia-sheng Hao, Xiao-ping Zhang, Cheng-yong Su, Hong-chun Pan and Dong-xia Wu

2007 Jiá dié k xiànlìt 16SRrna jyn fnz xìtng fshng. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the main lineages of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) based on mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences. Acta zoologica sinica 53(1): 106-115, 3 figs., 2 tbls. [in Chinese] {Feb 2007}



Chen, Yong-Jiu, Ya-Ping Zhang, Fa-Rong Shen, Yun-Wu Zhang, Da-Rong Yang, Long Nie and Yue-Xiong Yang

1999 Zhngguó 5 zhng zhnx juàn dié fi snshng xìng qyàng de mtDNA xùliè jí xìtng jìnhuà. The phylogeny of 5 Chinese peculiar Parnassius butterflies using noninvasive sampling mtDNA sequences. Yi chuan xue bao/Acta genetica Sinica 26(3): 203-207 [in Chinese] {1999}



Cheong, Seon Woo and C. E. Lee

*1992a Comparative morphology and systematics on the female internal genitalia of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera) 1. Genus Pontia. Metamorphosis 3(3): 95-99, illus {Sep 1992}

*1992b Comparative morphology and systematics on the female internal genitalia of the Pieridae (Lepidoptera) 1. Genus Pieris and other genera of the Pierinae. Metamorphosis 3(4): 139-147, ill. {Dec 1992}



Chermock, Franklin Hugo

1927 New forms of Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 22(2): 118-119 {28 Apr 1927}

1928 A correction. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 23(4): 173 {Oct, 15 Nov 1928}

1929 Notes on North American Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 24(1): 20-21 {Feb, 9 Mar 1929}

1945 Some new North American Lycaenidae. Canadian Entomologist 76(11): 213-216 {Nov 1944, 19 Jan 1945}



Chermock, Franklin Hugo and P. M. Chermock

1963 Commentary on the genus Coenonympha. Pp. 22-27, in: W. Knudson and R. Post, Butterflies of Bottineau County. North Dakota Insects Publ. 2: ii + 29 pp. North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota {July 1963}



Chermock, Franklin Hugo and Ralph Lucien Chermock

1937a Two new forms of Papilio rudkini (Lepid.). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 36(1): 8-10 {Jan-Apr, 12 May 1937}

1937b Two new races of Papilios from Manitoba. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 36(1): 11-13 {Jan-Apr, 12 May 1937}

1938 Coenonympha ochracia [sic] and brenda. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 12: 49-50 {1938}

1940a A new race of Euphydryas phaeton Dru. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 14: 140 {1940}

1940b Some new diurnal Lepidoptera from the Riding Mountains and the Sand Ridge, Manitoba. Canadian Entomologist 72(4): 81-83 {30 Apr 1940}

1941 A new Coenonympha from Montana. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 15: 52 {1941}

1942 Two new subspecies of Cercyonis alope. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 16: 58-59 {1942}

1945 Two new races of North American butterflies. Proceedings of the Pennsylvania Academy of Science 19: 38-40 {1945}



Chermock, Franklin Hugo and Donald P. Frechin

1947 A new Speyeria from Washington. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 23(3): 111-112 {Jul, [30 Oct] 1947}

1949 A new race of Incisalia eryphon from Washington (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 24(4): 212 {Oct 1948, [31 Jan 1949]}



Chermock, Franklin Hugo, R. S. Simmons and P. M. Chermock

1963 Commentary on the genus Coenonympha. Pp. 23-24, in: W. Knudson and R. Post, Butterflies of Bottineau County. North Dakota Insects Publ. 2: ii + 29 pp. North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota {July 1963}.



Chermock, Ralph Lucien

1947a Notes on North American Enodias (Lepidoptera). Entomological News 58(2): 29-35 {Feb, [8 May] 1947}

1947b A new subspecies of Limenitis archippus (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates (1365): 1-2. {7 Nov 1947}

1947c A revisonal study of the Euptychia pyracmon group. Entomological News 58(8): 193-204, 12 figs. {Oct, [17 Nov] 1947}

1949 Two new satyrids from North America. Canadian Entomologist 80(6): 172-173 {Jan-Dec 1948, 9 Jun 1949}

1950 A generic revision of the Limenitini of the World. American Midland Naturalist 43(3): 513-569, 68 figs., 4 tbls. {May [22 Jun] 1950}



Chernov, Yuri Ivanovich [, . ]

2008a . 87(10): 1155-1167, [1] ., 2 . {Oct 2008}

2008b Ecological integrity of supraspecific taxa and the arctic biota. Entomological Review 88(9): 1019-1031, [1] fig., 2 tbls. {2008}



Chew, Frances S.

1981 Coexistence and local extinction in two pierid butterflies. American naturalist 118(5): 655-672, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Nov 1981}



Chew, Frances S. and Ward B. Watt

2006 The green-veined white (Pieris napi L.), its pierine relatives, and the systematics dilemmas of divergent character sets (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88(3): 413-435, 3 figs,, 6 tbls., app. {Jul, online 15 Jun 2006}



Chiba, Hideyuki

1994 Ch no mon'y no kagaku ch no mon'y kenky nymon. A brief introduction to the study of the butterfly wing pattern. Butterflies (Tokyo) 8: 9-15 [in Japanese] {Sep.1994}

1996 [Wing pattern of butterflies: evolution or emergence?] The Nature & Insects 31(1): 9-13, 3 figs. [in Japanese] {Jan 1996}



Chiba, Hideyuki and Hiroshi Tsukiyama

1996 Yurasia-san kokimadaraseseri-tsoku no sai kento. A revision of the genus Ochlodes Scudder, 1872, with special reference to the Eurasian species (Hesperiidae). Butterflies (Tokyo) 14: 3-16, 4 pls., 3 figs. [in Japanese] {15 Aug 1996}



Chikolovets, Vadim V. [, .]

1993a Lepidoptera. I. Parnassius (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). A catalogue of the type-specimens of the Lepidoptera. I. A catalogue of the type-specimens of Parnassius (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) in the Zoological Museum of Kiev University (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Kiev; Author: 75 pp. {1993}

1993b Lepidoptera. II. Parnassius (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). A catalogue of the type-specimens of the Lepidoptera. II. A catalogue of the type-specimens of Parnassius (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) in the collections of Russian Zoological Museums (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Kiev; Author: 42 pp. {1993}



Children, J. G.

1830 Sketch of the Systema Glossatorum of Fabricius, Vol. 1. From Illiger's Magazin für Insektenkunde, vi. p. 277. The Philosophical Magazine or Annals of Chemistry, Mathematics, Astronomy, Natural History, and General Science (2)7(38): 118-124 {Feb 1830}



Cho, Soowon, Andreas Zwick, Jerome C. Regier, Charles Mitter, Michael P. Cummings, Jianxiu Yao, Zaile Du, Hong Zhao, Akito Y. Kawahara, Susan Weller, Donald R. Davis, Joaquin Baixeras, John W. Brown and Cynthia Parr

2011 Can deliberately incomplete gene sample augmentation improve a phylogeny estimate for the advanced moths and butterflies (Hexapoda: Lepidoptera)? Systematic Biology 60(6): 782-796, 3 figs., 2 tbls. {Dec, online 11 Aug 2011}



Christ, H.

1895a Die Papilioniden Nordamerikas in ihren Beziehungen zu denen der alten Welt. Mitteilungen der schwiezerischen entomologischen Gesellschaft 9(6): 269-287 {Oct 1895}

1895b Ueberblick der übrigen Tagfalter Nordamerikas in ihren Beziehungen zu denen der alten Welt. Mitteilungen der schwiezerischen entomologischen Gesellschaft 9(6): 287-298 {Oct 1895}



Christoph, Hugo Theodor

1889 Vorlaufige Diagnosen von Sechs Lepidopteren des Palaearktischen Faunengebietes. Horae Societatis entomologicae rossicae 23(1/2): 289-300 {6 Feb 1889}

1893 Lepidoptera Novae Faunae Palaearcticae. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 6(1): 86-96 {8 Jul 1893}



Christofferson, Martin L.

1995 Cladistic taxonomy, phylogenetic systematics, and evolutionary ranking. Systematic Biology 44(3): 440-454, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {Sep 1995}



Chuah, Hoe E. and David. S. Cushing

1995 Eurema albula (Pieridae) and Anthanassa argentea (Nymphalidae): New records for the United States (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Tropical Lepidoptera 6(1): 43-44, 2 figs. {25 May 1995}



Church, Sheri A., Johanna M. Kraus, Joseph C. Mitchell, Don R. Church and Douglas R. Taylor

2003 Evidence for multiple Pleistocene refugia in the postglacial expansion of the Eastern Tiger Salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum tigrinum. Evolution 57(2): 372-383 {Feb 2003}



Churkin, Sergei Vyachoslavovich

1999 New taxa of butterflies from Transbaikalia, Russia (Rhopalocera: Satyridae, Nymphalidae). Atalanta (München) 29(1-4): 107-124, 360-361, 6 figs., pls. 8, 9 {May, Jun 1999}

2001 New taxa of Clossiana Reuss, 1920 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) from the north Russian Far East. Helios 2: 97-102, pl. 8 {Apr 2001}

2003a A new subspecies of Erebia anyuica Kurentsov, 1966 (Lepidoptera, Satyridae) from Kamchatka. Helios 4: 205-210, pl. 13, 1 fig. {May 2003}

2003b Taxonomic notes on Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793) with the description of a new subspecies from South-West Mongolia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Atalanta (München) 34 (1-2): 47-53, 1 pl. {Aug 2003}

2004a Notes on the hybridization between Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793) and P. nomion Fischer von Waldheim, 1823 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Helios 5: 110-114, pl. 7 {May 2004}

2004b A new subspecies of Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793) from East Chukotka (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Helios 5: 115-120, pl. 8 {May 2004}

2005 A review of Agriades glandon (de Prunner, 1798) from the Asian part of Russia and Mongolia with notes on the zoogeography of the complex (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Helios 6: 3-38, pls. 1-4 {May 2005}



Churkin, Sergei Vyachoslavovich and Josef Grieshuber

2001 Taxonomic notes on Colias Fabricius, 1807 from north Russia (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) with descriptions of new subspecies. Helios 2: 174-189, pls. 15, 16 {Apr 2001}



Churkin, Sergei Vyachoslavovich, Josef Grieshuber, Pavel Bogdanov and Dmitry Zamolodchikov

2001a Taxonomic notes on Colias tyche Böber, 1812 and Colias nastes Boisduval, 1832 (Lepidoptera, Pieridae) from the Russian Far East with the descriptions of new subspecies. Helios 2: 103-116, pls. 8-10 {Apr 2001}

2001b Ein Ersatzname für eine kürzlich beschriebene Unterart von Colias tyche Böber, 1812 (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Atalanta (München) 32(1/2):262-263 {Jun 2001}



Churkin, Sergei Vyachoslavovich and Alexandr Zhdanko

2002 New taxa of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) from central Asia. Helios 3: 128-135, pl. 9 {May 2002}

2003 A review of the Plebejus idas-subsolanus complex of the asian part of Russia and Mongolia with the descriptions of new taxa (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Helios 4: 3-74, pls. 1-4, 5 figs. {May 2003}



Cizek, Lukas, Zdenek Frik and Martin Konvicka

2006 Host plant defences and voltinism in European butterflies. Ecological Entomology 31(4): 337-344, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {Aug, online 18 Jul 2006}



Claridge, Michael F.

2009 Species are real biological entities. Pp. 91-109, in: F. J. Ayala and R. Arp (Eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Oxford; Wiley-Blackwell; series: Contemporary debates in philosophy 12: xii + 426 pp., illus. {13 Nov, online 11 Nov 2009}



Clark, Austin Hobart

1927a Notes on the melitaeid butterfly Euphydryas phaëton (Drury), with descriptions of a new subspecies and a new variety. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 71(2683): 1-22, pls. 1-5 {22 Apr 1927}

1927b Geography and zoology. Annals of the Association of american Geographers 17(3): 101-145 {Sep 1927}

1931 A new subspecies of Poanes massasoit Scudder. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 21(1): 7-9, fig. 1 {14 Nov 1931}

1932a Butterflies of the District of Columbia and vicinity. Bulletin of the United States national Museum (157): x + 338 pp., 64 pls. {13 Feb 1932}

1932b The forms of the common Old World swallowtail butterfly (Papilio machaon) in North America, with descriptions of two new subspecies. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 81(11)(2934): 1-15, pls. 1-8 {12 Jul 1932}

1934 Life history of the gold-banded skipper (Rhabdoides cellus). Science 80(2068): 163-164 {17 Aug 1934}

1935a Arctic butterflies. Smithsonian Report 1934(#3305): 267-296; 7 pls. (56 figs.) {1935}

1935b The swallowtail butterflies. Smithsonian Report 1935: 383-408, 14 pls. {Oct 1935}

1936a Notes on the butterflies of the genus Enodia and description of a new fritillary from Peru. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 83(2983): 251-259, pl. 22 {11 Apr 1936}

1936b The gold-banded skipper (Rhabdoides cellus). Smithsonian miscellaneous Collections 95(7): 1-50, 8 pls., 8 figs. {6 May 1936}

1937 A new subspecies of the nymphalid butterfly Polygonia faunus. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 84(3013): 219-222, pl. 10 {9 Apr 1937}

1940a Butterflies of Virginia. Exploration and field work of the Smithsonian Institute 1939: 63-66 {3 Apr 1940}

1940b Minutes of the 511th regular meeting of the Entomological Society of Washington. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 42(7): 160 {31 Oct 1940}

1941a Notes on the American representatives of the butterfly genus Argynnis. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 31(9): 381-384 {15 Sep 1941}

1941b Notes on some North and Middle American danaid butterflies. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 90(3118): 531-542, pls. 71-74 {4 Nov 1941}

1947 The interrelationships of the several groups within the butterfly superfamily Nymphaloidea. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 49(6): 148-149, 192 {11 Jun 1947}

1948a Classification of the butterflies, with the allocation of the genera occuring in North America north of Mexico. Proceedings of the biological Society of Washington 61: 77-84 {16 Jun 1948}

1948b A new subspecies of Glaucopsyche lygdamus (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 50(7): 176-178 {Oct 1948}

1951 Hübner's "Florida." Lepidopterists' News 4(6/7): 62 {1950, 3 Mar 1951}



Clark, Austin Hobart and Leila Forbes Clark

1938 Butterflies from Virginia and the District of Columbia. Proceedings of the biological Society of Washington 51(1): 1-6 {18 Feb 1938}

1941 Some early butterfly records from Georgia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 43(4): 80-85 {30 Apr 1941}

1951 The Butterflies of Virginia. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 116(7): vii + 239 pp., frtspc., 30 pls. {20 Dec, 1951}



Clark, Paul F. and Alain Crosnier

2000 The zoology of the Voyage au pole sud et dans l'Océanie sur les corvettes I'Astrolabe et la Zélée exécuté par ordre du roi pendant les années 1837-1838-1839-1840 sous le commandement de M. Dumontd'Urville (1842-1854): titles, volumes, plates, text, contents, proposed dates and anecdotal history of the publication. Archives of natural history 27 (3): 407-435. {Oct 2000}



Clarke, Cyril Astley

1995 Selected topics in swallowtail genetics. Pp. 175-182, 6 figs., 1 tbl., in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}



Clarke, Cyril Astley and Torben B. Larsen

1986 Speciation problems in the Papilio machaon group of butterflies (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Systematic Entomology 11(2): 175-181 {Apr 1986}



Clarke, Cyril Astley and Philip Macdonald Sheppard

1953 Further observations on hybrid swallowtails. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 65(9)(Supplement): 1-12 {15 Sep 1953}

1956 A further report on the genetics of the machaon group of swallowtail butterflies. Evolution 10(1): 66-73 {Mar 1956}

1958 The breeding in captivity of the hybrid Papilio glaucus X Papilio eurmedon . Lepidopterists' News 11(6): 201-205, 2 figs. {1957, 20 Jun 1958}

1962 The genetics of the mimetic butterfly Papilio glaucus. Ecology 43(1):159-161, 4 tbls. Jan 1962}

1970 Is Papilio gothica (Papilionidae) a good species? Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(4): 229-233, 1 fig. {16 Nov 1970}



Clarke, Cyril Astley, Ursula Mittwoch and W. Traut

1977 Linkage and cytogenetic studies in the swallowtail butterflies Papilio polyxenes Fab. and Papilio machaon L. and their Hybrids. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 198(1133): 385-399 {27 Jul 1977}



Clemence, Victor L.

1909 Notes on the forms of Rusticus acmon (Db.-Hew.), Scudder, occuring in the vicinity of Pasadena, Calif. Canadian Entomologist 41(1): 38-39 {7 Jan 1909}

1912 Notes on Melitaea alma Strecker. Canadian Entomologist 44(4): 102, pl. 3 {9 Apr 1912}

1914 A new Lycaena from Arizona (Lep.). Entomological News 25(1): 28-29 {[2] Jan 1914}



Clench, Harry Kendon

1941 A new race of Hemiargus for the Bahamas (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Memorias de la Sociedad cubana de Historia natural 15(4): 407-408 {31 Dec 1941}

1942a A new Bahaman Eurema (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Memorias de la Sociedad cubana de Historia natural 16(1): 1-2 {30 May 1942}

1942b The identity of the Florida race of Leptotes (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 50(3): 243-244 {Sep, [5 Oct] 1942}

1942c A new race of Atlides halesus Cramer from California. (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomological News 53(8): 219-221 {[15] Oct 1942}

1943a The Lycaenidae of the Bahama Islands (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Psyche 49(3/4): 52-60 {Sep-Dec 1942 [18 Feb 1943]}

1943b A note on the Arizona Erora (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 51(3): 221-223 {[7] Sep 1943}

1943c Two new subspecies of Incisalia (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 75(10): 182-185 {Oct, 22 Nov 1943}

1944a Two new subspecies of Everes comyntas Godart (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 52(1): 59-61 {Mar, [6 Apr] 1944}

1944b Notes on lycaenid Butterflies. a. The Genus Callophrys in North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 94(6): 217-229 {Jul 1944}

1944c Notes on lycaenid Butterflies. b. The Acaste Group of the Genus Thecla. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 94(6): 229-245 {Jul 1944}

1944d Two new subspecies of Lycaenopsis pseudargiolus Bdv. & Lec. (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 52(3): 273-276 {[11] Sep 1944}

1946 Notes on the amyntor group of the genus Thecla (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Entomologist 79(998): 152-157 {12 Jul 1946}; (999): 185-191 {23 Aug 1946}

1955 Art. 16. Revised classification of the butterfly family Lycaenidae and its allies. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 33(16): 261-274, 1 fig. {20 Jun 1955}

1961 Tribe Theclini. Pp. 177-220, in: P. Ehrlich & A. Ehrlich, How to Know the Butterflies. Dubuque, Iowa; Wm. C. Brown Company: [vii] + 262 pp, 525 figs. {1961}

1963 Callophrys (Lycaenidae) from the Pacific Northwest. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 2(2): 151-160, 2 figs, 1 tbl. {Sep, [30 Dec] 1963}

1964a A synopsis of the West Indian Lycaenidae with remarks on their zoogeography. Journal of the Research on the Lepidoptera 2(4): 247-270, 2 pls., 10 figs. {Dec 1963, [Mar 1964]}

1964b A new hairstreak for the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 18(3): 189-190 {2 Nov 1964}

1965 A collection of butterflies from western Chihuahua, Mexico. Entomological News 76(6): 157-162 {[2] Jun 1965}

1966a The synonymy and systematic position of some Texas Lycaenidae. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 20(2): 65-70, 7 figs. {31 May 1966}

1966b Behavioral thermoregulation in butterflies. Ecology 47(6): 1021-1034 {Nov 1966}

1967a A note on Caria domitianus and ino (Riodinidae) with description of a new subspecies. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(1): 53-56, 2 figs. {21 Feb 1967}

1967b Further distribution records and taxonomic notes on Philotes rita (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(2): 141-142 {26 May 1967}

1967c Type localities of some Neotropical Lycaenidae taken by Gervase Mathew and described by W. C. Hewitson. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(3): 181-184 {21 Aug 1967}

1970a In: F. M. Brown, The types of the lycaenid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part II. Theclinae and Strymoninae. (With four neotypes established by Paul A. Opler.). Transactions of the american entomological Society 96(1): 19-77 {25 Mar 1970}

1970a A new subspecies of Brephidium exilis from Yucatan (Lepi-doptera: Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(1): 3-6, 1 fig. {26 Mar 1970}

1970b Generic notes on two hairstreaks new to the United States (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(1): 56-59, 1 fig. {26 Mar 1970}

1970c New or unusual butterfly records from Florida. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(4): 240-244 {16 Nov 1970}

1970d In: F. M. Brown, The types of the lycaenid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part III. Plebejinae. (With four neotypes established by John C. Downey.). Transactions of the american entomological Society 96(3): 353-433 {Sep, 17 Nov 1970}

1972a A review of the genus Lasaia (Riodinidae). Journal of the Research on the Lepidoptera 10(2): 149-180, 41 figs. {Jun, 1971(1972)}

1972b The boundary between Satyrium liparops and its subspecies strigosum (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 44(2): 11-24, 3 figs. {20 Dec 1972}

1972c Celastrina ebenina, a new species of Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) from the eastern United States. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 44(4): 33-44, 12 figs. {20 Dec 1972}

1975a A review of the genus Hypostrymon (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (25): 1-7, 2 figs. {28 Feb 1975}

1975b More on Urbanus dorantes (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29(2): 106-107 {10 Jun 1975}

1975c Boloria toddi or bellona? (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29(3): 162 {16 Sep 1975}

1975d Systematic notes on Dryas iulia (Heliconiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29(4): 230-235 {24 Nov 1975}

1976 Nathalis iole (Pieridae) in the southeastern United States and the Bahamas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(2): 121-126 {12 Jul 1976}

1977a A list of the butterflies of Andros, Bahamas. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 46(12): 173-194, 1 fig. {27 Oct 1977}

1977b Butterflies of the Carnegie Museum Bahamas Expedition, 1976. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 46(16): 265-283 {4 Nov 1977}

1979a Papilio aristodemus (Papilionidae) in the Bahamas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 32(4): 273-276 {28 Feb 1979}

1979b The names of certain Holarctic hairstreak genera (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 32(4): 277-281 {28 Feb 1979}

1981 New Callophrys (Lycaenidae) from North and Middle America. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (64): 1-32, 48 figs. {20 Oct 1981}



Clench, Harry Kendon and Karen A. Bjorndal, Jr.

1980 Butterflies of Great and Little Inagua, Bahamas. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 49(1): 1-30, 1 fig., 2 tbls. {4 Mar 1980}



Clench, Harry Kendon and Paul Ralph Ehrlich

1960 In: Ehrlich & Clench, A new subgenus and species of Callophrys (s.l.) from the southwestern United States (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomological News 71(6): 137-141, pl. 1 {[3] Jun 1960}



Clench, Harry Kendon and Lee Denmar Miller

1980 Papilio ladon Cramer vs. Argus pseudargiolus Boisduval and Leconte (Lycaenidae): A nomenclatorial nightmare. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(2): 103-119 {23 Sep 1980}



Clerck, Carl Alexander

1759-[64]

Icones insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum trivialibus, locisque a C. Linnaei Arch: R: et Equ: Aur: Syst: Nat: allegatis. Holmiae; Sect. I: [12] pp., pls. 1-16 (1759); Sect. II: [8] + [3] pp., pls. 17-55 + [7] [1764]



Cock, Mathew J. W.

1981 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part I. Introduction and Pyrrhopyginae. Living World. Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1981-1982: 52-56, 8 pls., 3 figs. {31 Dec 1981}

1982 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part II. A systematic list of the Trinidad and Tobago Hesperiidae. Occasional Papers. Department of Zoology. University of the West Indies 5: i-ii, 1-49 {Jun 1982}

1984 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad Part 3 Pyrginae (first section). Living World. Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1983-1984: 38-42, 13 pls., 6 figs. {31 Dec 1984}

1986 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad Part 4 Pyrginae (second section). Living World. Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1985-1986: 33-47, 52 pls., 4 figs. {31 Dec 1986}

1988 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad Part 5, Pyrginae genera group C concluded. Living World. Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1987-1988: 24-31, 22 pls., 11 figs. {Aug 1988}

1991 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 7, genera group E (first section). Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1990-1991: 46-56, 32 pls. {Jul 1991}

1996 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 8, genera group E (second section). Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1995-1996: 27-37, 32 pls., 34 figs. {Jul 1996}

1998 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 9, genera group E Concluded (Third Section) with a description of a new species of Clito. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1997-1998: 33-45, 35 pls. {Mar 1998}

2000 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 10, Pyrginae concluded; genera groups F and G. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1999-2000: 49-71, 37 pls. {Aug 2000}

2003 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad Part 11, Hesperiinae, genera group O. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 2003, 14-48: 97 pls. {Oct 2003}

2004 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 12, Heteroptinae genera group H and Hesperiinae genera group N. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 2004, 23-25, 4 figs. {Aug 2004}

2005 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 13, Hesperiinae, genera group K. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 2005: 23-47 {Aug 2005}

2006 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 14, Hesperiinae, genera group L. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 2005: 8-26 {Oct 2006}

2007 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 15, Hesperiinae, genera Group M. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 2007: 38-56, 39 figs. {Aug 2007}

2009 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 16, Hesperiinae, Genera Group J, Vettius- Naevolus. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 2009: 11-31, 44 figs. {2009}

2010 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad part 17, Hesperiinae, Anthoptini and the remainder of Evans' Genera Group I. Living World 2010: 11-30, 30 figs. {Jun 2010}

2011 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 18, Hesperiinae, Moncini: Eight genera of relatively distinctive species: Callimormus, Eutocus, Artines, Flaccilla, Phanes, Monca, Vehilius and Parphorus. Living World 2011: 14-36, 51 figs. {2011}



Cock, Mathew J. W. and S. Alston-Smith

1990 The skipper butterflies (Hesperiidae) of Trinidad. Part 6, Pyrginae, genera group D. Living World, Journal of the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club 1989-1990: 25-35, 31 pls., 4 figs. {Jun 1990}



Cockerell, Theodore Dru Allison

1887 Notes from Colorado. West American Scientist 3(31): 217 {Nov 1887}

1888 Colias eurytheme, Boisduval. West American Scientist 4(35): 41-43 {[after 9] Mar 1888}

1889a On the variation of insects. Entomologist 22(308): 1-6 {Jan 1889}; (310): 54-56 {Mar 1889}; (311): 98-100 {Apr 1889}; (312): 125-130 {May 1889}; (315): 198-200 {Aug 1889}

1889b Entomological notes, captures, &c. Vanessa milberti. Entomologist 22(314): 185-186 {Jul 1889}

1890a Notes on the insect fauna of high altitudes in Custer County, Colorado. Canadian Entomologist 22(3): 57-60 {1 Mar 1890}

1890b Variation. American varieties of British species. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 1(1): 13-14 {15 Apr 1890}

1893 In: W. H. Edwards, Notes on a polymorphic butterfly, Synchloe Lacinia, Geyer (in Hub. Zutr.), with description of its preparatory stages. Canadian Entomologist 25(11): 286-291 {Nov 1893}

1894 Synchloe lacinia, aberr. rufescens. Canadian Entomologist 26(1): 30 {15 Jan 1894}

1899 Notes on some New Mexico butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 31(3): 65-66 {6 Mar 1899}

1901 Some insects of the Hudsonian Zone in New Mexico. -IV. Psyche 9(300): 185-186 {1 Apr 1901}

1909a The blue butterflies of the genus Celastrina. American Naturalist 43(506): 114-116 {Feb 1909}

1909b Notes on collecting, etc.--Notes on butterflies. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 21(7/8): 186 {Jul/Aug 1909}

1913 Two new varieties of Phyciodes camillus, Edwards. Entomologist 46(606): 308-309 {Nov 1913}

1927 A new aberration of Basilarchia weidemeyerii Edwards. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 26(1): 5 {Jan-Apr 1927}

1927 Butterflies. Chapter 10: 209-223, In: Cockerell, Zoology of Colorado. Boulder, Colorado; University of Colorado: 262 pp. {1927}



Cockerell, Wilmatte Porter

1902 A new Argynnis. Birds and Nature 12(2): 82-83,fig. {Sep 1902}



Cockerell, Wilmatte Porter and Theodore Dru Allison Cockerell

1900 A new variety of Argynnis nitocris. Entomological News 11(10): 622 {Dec 1900}



Cockle, J. W.

1910 Notes on a few butterflies found at Kaslo and in northern British Columbia. Canadian Entomologist 42(6): 203-204 {4 Jun 1910}



Cognato, Anthony I.

2006 Standard percent DNA sequence difference for insects does not predict species boundaries. Journal of Economic Entomology 99(4):1037-1045 {Aug 2006}

2007 A standard DNA taxonomy for insects? Pp 11-12, in: B. Bentz, A. Cognato and D. Raffa, Proceedings from the Third Workshop on Genetics of Bark Beetles and Associated Microorganisms. Proc. RMRS-P-45. Fort Collins, CO; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station: 51 pp. {2007}



Coleman, Laurence V.

1919 An aberration of Polygonia progne (Lepid.). Entomological News 30(4): 112-113 {[3] Apr 1919}



Collins, Michael & Torben B. Larsen

1991 In: T. B. Larsen, The Butterflies of Kenya and their Natural History. New York: Oxford University Press,: xii + 515 pp. + 64 pls. + 23 figs.



Collins, N. Mark and Michael G. Morris

1985 Threatened swallowtail butterflies of the world. Gland and Cambridge; IUCN: vii + 403 pp.. 8 lvs. cpls.



Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad (Conabio)

2008 Catálogo de autoridades taxonómicas de los lepidópteros (Lepidoptera: Insecta) de México.

http://www.conabio.gob.mx/institucion/proyectos/resultados/Q004_V010_CATALOGO.pdf

http://www.conabio.gob.mx/informacion/catalogo_autoridades/doctos/lepidopteros.html

http://www.conabio.gob.mx/informacion/catalogo_autoridades/animales/112007/Lepidopteros/Lepidoptera.pdf



Common, Ian Francis Bell

1975 Evolution and classification of the Lepidoptera. Annual Revue of Entomology 20: 183-203 {1975}



Committee for English Names of North American Butterflies

1995 North American Butterfly Association (NABA) checklist & English names of North American butterflies. Morristown, N.J.; The Association: 43 pp. {1995}



Comstock, John Adams

1918a A new aberration. Lepidopterist 2(2): 13, pl. 4 {25 Feb 1918}

1918b Melitaea anicia: Two new aberrations. Lepidopterist 2(5): 34-37, pl. 6 {25 May 1918}

1918c Notes on the Pola-Minuta Group of Melitaeas, with description of a new species. Lepidopterist 2(7): 55 {25 Jul 1918}; (9/10): 70-73; 1 pl.; (11) figs. 1, 2, 3 {25 Oct 1918}

1920a A new species or race of Argynnis from California. Southwest Science Bulletin [1]: 4-5, pl. [1] {5 May 1920}

1920b Argynnis tehachapina, var. nov. Southwest Science Bulletin [1]: 6-9, pl. [1] {5 May 1920}

1920c Melitaea sabina, Wright. Southwest Science Bulletin [1]: 30-32, pl. 1 {5 May 1920}

1922 Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. Notes on the acmon-neurona group of lycaenids, with description of a new species. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 21(2): 43-48, pl. 3 {20 Oct 1922}

1924a Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. The rediscovery of a "lost species." Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(1): 13-16, pl. D {Jan-Feb, 20 Feb 1924}

1924b Butterflies of California. The whites and allies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(1): 18-20, pl. 7 {Jan-Feb, 20 Feb 1924}

1924c Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. New races of California butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(2): 51-52 {Mar-Apr, 22 Apr 1924}; 24(1): pl. 10 {Jan-Apr, 20 May 1925}; (2): pl. 11 {May-Aug, 17 Aug 1925}

1924d Butterflies of California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(4): 124-125 {Jul-Aug, 12 Sep 1924}; 23(5): pl. 8 {Sep-Oct, 25 Oct 1924}

1924e Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. A new Melitaea from Oregon. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(6): 173-174 {Nov-Dec, 30 Dec 1924}

1924f Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. Notes on the genus Cercyonis. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 23(6): 174-176 {Nov-Dec, 30 Dec 1924}

1925a Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (Continued). A new variety and two new aberrant forms of California butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 24(1): 3-4 {Jan-Apr, 20 May 1925}; 25(2): pl. 16 {May-Aug, 31 May 1926}; 25(3): pl. 17 {Sep-Dec, 8 Dec 1926}

1925b Butterflies of California (Cont.). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 24(1): 4, pl. 10 {Jan-Apr, 20 May 1925}

1925c Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (Continued). A new race of Mitoura siva Edw. in California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 24(2): 37-38, pl. 2 {May-Aug, 17 Aug 1925}

1925d Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (continued). Eight new races, forms or aberrations of California butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 24(3): 62-68 {Sep-Dec, 15 Nov 1925}

1926a Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (Continued). Thirteen new species or aberrations of California butterflies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 25(1): 29-34 {Jan-Apr, 30 Mar 1926}

1926b Studies in Pacific Coast Lepidoptera (Continued). A new aberrant butterfly from Southern California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 25(2): 48 {May-Aug, 31 May 1926}

1927 Butterflies of California. A popular guide to a knowledge of the butterflies of California, embracing all the 477 species and varieties at present recorded for the state. Los Angeles, J. A. Comstock: 334 pp., 63 pls., figs. A1-A80 and misc. figs. {1927}

1929 A new species or form of Anthocharis from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 28(2): 32-33, pl. 18 {May-Aug, 20 Oct 1929}

1935 Miscellaneous notes on western Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 34(2): 142-154, pls. 38-46 {May-Aug, 15 Sep 1935}

1939 A new Apodemia from California (Lepidopt.). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 37(3): 129-132, pl. 50 {Sep-Dec 1938, 20 Jan 1939}



Comstock, John Adams and Christopher Henne

1933 A new lycaenid from Southern California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 32(1): 23-26 {Jan-Apr, 1 Mar 1933}



Comstock, John Adams and Lloyd M. Martin

1956 A new Papilio from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 54(3): 142-150, pls. 39-43 {Sep-Dec 1955, 11 Jan 1956}



Comstock, John Henry

1892 The descent of the Lepidoptera. An application of the theory of natural selection to taxonomy. Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science 41, section F, Biology: 199-201 {Dec 1892}

1893 A contribution to the classification of the Lepidoptera. Pp. 37-113, 3 pls, in The Wilder Quarter Century Book. Ithaca, N. Y.; J. H. Comstock: vi + 493 pp., front., plates {1893)



Comstock, John Henry and Anna Botsford Comstock

1895 A manual for the study of insects. Ithaca; Comstock Publ. Co., : 701 pp., 797 figs., 6 pls. {1895}

1904 How to know the butterflies; a manual of the butterflies of the eastern United States. New York, D. Appleton & Co. xii + 311 pp., 49 text figs., 45 pls. {1904}



Comstock, William Phillips

1911a Thecla chrysalus, Edwards, and its variety citima, Henry Edwards. Canadian Entomologist 43(2): 65-66 {10 Feb 1911}

1911b On the identity of Thecla muiri, Henry Edwards. Journal of the New York entomological Society 19(2): 86-87 {Jun 1911}

1913 A new North American butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 8(3): 33-36, pl. 2 {Feb 1913}

1914a Lycaenidae of California described by Boisduval. Journal of the New York entomological Society 22(1): 33-37 {Mar 1914}

1914b Thecla sylvinus and allied species. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 9(2): 32-34 {Apr 1914}

1942a Dating the Systema Entomologiae, by Fabricius and Papillons Exotiques Volume I, by Cramer. Journal of the New York entomological Society 50(2): 189-190 {[16] Jun 1942}

1942b Papilio lavina, [sic] Fabricius and Cramer. Journal of the New York entomological Society 50(2): 190-191 {[16] Jun 1942}

1942c The genera of the Systema Glossatorum of Fabricius (Lepidoptera). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 37(2): 46-49 {30 Jun 1942}

1942d The name Biblis, generic and specific (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 37(3): 89-90 {27 Aug 1942}

1942e Nymphalidae of the Antilles (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Journal of the New York entomological Society 50(3): 283-288 {Sep [5 Oct] 1942}

1943a The genus Ascia in the Antilles (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). American Museum Novitates (1229): 1-7. {5 May 1943}

1943b Notes on the subgenus Glutophrissa, genus Appias (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). American Museum Novitates (1238): 1-6, 2 figs. {9 Jul 1943}

1944 The Insects of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Lepidoptera (Suborder) Rhopalocera (Superfamily) Papilionoidea (True butterflies) (Superfamily) Hesperioidea (Skippers). Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands 12(4): 421-622, 12 pls. {12 Oct 1944}

1961 Butterflies of the American tropics: The genus Anaea, Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae. A study of the species heretofore included in the genera Anaea, Coenophlebia, Hypna, Polygrapha, Protogonius, Siderone and Zaretis. New York; American Museum of Natural History: xiii + 214 pp., 250 figs., 30 pls., 250 figs. {1961}



Comstock, William Phillips and Frederick Martin Brown

1950 Geographical variation and subspeciation in Heliconius charitonius Linnaeus (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae. American Museum Novitates (1467): 1-21, 3 figs., 4 tbls. {16 Oct 1950}



Comstock, William Philip and Edgar Irving Huntington

1943 Lycaenidae of the Antilles (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 45(2): 49-130, 1 pl., 30 figs., 3 tbls. {29 Dec 1943}

1959-64

An annotated list of the Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) of the Western Hemisphere. Journal of the New York entomological Society 66(3/4): 103-118 {Mar [24 Jun] 1959}; 67(2): 59-95 {Jun, [24 Aug] 1959}; 67(3/4): 163-212 {Sep-Dec, [30 Dec] 1959}; 68(1): 49-68 {[17] Mar 1960}; 68(2): 105-122 {Jun [24 May] 1960}; 68(3): 176-186 {[20] Sep 1960}; 68(4): 232-240 {Dec 1960, [12 Jan 1961]}; 69(1): 54-58 {Mar 1961}; 69(2): 105-118 {Jun 1961}; 69(3): 157-176 {Sep 1961}; 69(4): 191-200 {Dec 1961}; 70(1): 39-46 {[14] Mar 1962}; 70(2): 100-118 {1 June 1962}; 70(3): 177-179 {21 Sep 1962}; 71(1): 45-57 {21 Mar 1963}; 71(2): 115-119 {21 Jun 1963}; 71(3): 189-197 {Sep, 30 Aug 1963}; 71(4): 262-264 {23 Dec 1963}; 72(1): 62-64 {18 Mar 1964}; 72(2): 120-130 {26 Jun 1964}; 72(3): 173-192 {Sep, 8 Oct 1964}



Condamine, Fabien L.,Felix A. H. Sperling, Niklas Wahlberg, Jean-Yves Rasplus and Gael J. Kergoat

2012 What causes latitudinal gradients in species diversity? Evolutionary processes and ecological constraints on swallowtail biodiversity. Ecology Letters 15: 267-277 {Mar, online 18 Jan 2012}



Cong, Qian and Nick V. Grishin

2014 A new Hermeuptychia (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae) is sympatric and synchronic with H. sosybius in southeast US coastal plains, while another new Hermeuptychia species - not hermes - inhabits south Texas and northeast Mexico. ZooKeys 379: 43-91, 70 figs., 1 tbl. {12 Feb 2014}



Conniff, Richard

2011 The species seekers. Heroes, fools, and the mad pursuit for life on earth. New York, W. W. Norton & Company Ltd. xii + 464 pp., figs. {2011}



Constantino, Luis Miguel, and Julián Adolfo Salazar

2010 A review of the Philaethria dido species complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae) and description of three new sibling species from Colombia and Venezuela. Zootaxa 2720: 1-27, 42 figs., 1 tab. (13 Dec 2010}



Contreras, Armando Jesús and Andrew David Warren

2006 Cercyonis pegala texana (Lepidoptera: Nymphalinae: Satyrinae): New record from the state of Coahuila, Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist 51(4): 552-553, 1 fig. {Dec 2006}



Cook, John H.

1905 On the specific validity of Incisalia henrici. Canadian Entomologist 37(6): 216-218 {1 Jun 1905}

1906a Studies in the genus Incisalia. Canadian Entomologist 38(5): 141-144, pl. 1 {2 May 1906}; (6): 181-185, pl. 2 {5 Jun 1906}

1906b Studies in the genus Incisalia. II.-- Incisalia augustus. Canadian Entomologist 38(7): 214-217 {7 Jul 1906}

1906c On the specific validity of Thanaos ausonius. Journal of the New York entomological Society 14(3): 125-128, pl. 3 {Sep 1906}

1907a Studies in the genus Incisalia. II.-- Incisalia augustus. Canadian Entomologist 39(5): 145-149, pl. 3 {4 May 1907}

1907b Studies in the genus Incisalia. III.--Incisalia henrici. Canadian Entomologist 39(6): 181-187, pl. 4 {4 Jun 1907}; (7): 229-235, pl. 5 {8 Jul 1907}

1907c Studies in the genus Incisalia. IV.-- Incisalia niphon. Canadian Entomologist 39(8): 257-260, pl. 6 {8 Aug 1907}; (9): 293-295, pl. 9 {16 Sep 1907}

1907d Class I, Hexapoda. Order V. Lepidoptera. In defense of Incisalia henrici. Journal of the New York entomological Society 15(3): 123-128 {Sep 1907}

1907e Studies in the genus Incisalia. Canadian Entomologist 39(12): 405-409 {7 Dec 1907}

1908 Studies in the genus Incisalia. V.-- Incisalia polios. Canadian Entomologist 40(2): 37-43, pl. 2 {6 Feb 1907}



Cook, John H. and Frank Edward Watson

1907 A new butterfly of the genus Incisalia. Canadian Entomologist 39(6): 202-204 {4 Jun 1907}

1909a A variety of Basilarchia archippus. Canadian Entomologist 41(3): 77, pl. 5 {6 Mar 1909}

1909b Incisalia (Lepidoptera) from Texas. Canadian Entomologist 41(6): 181-182 {4 Jun 1909}



Cook, Lyn G., Robert D. Edwards, Michael D. Crisp and Nate B. Hardy

2010 Need morphology always be required for new species descriptions? Invertebrate Systematics 24(3): 322-326 {30 Aug 2010}



Coolidge, Karl R.

1908a The North American species of the genus Erebia (Lepidoptera). Entomological News 19(2): 73-75 {Feb 1908}

1908b Notes on the new species and varieties of Rhopalocera in Wright's Butterflies of the West Coast. Canadian Entomologist 40(7): 237-239 {2 Jul 1908}

1908c The Rhopalocera of Santa Clara County, California. Canadian Entomologist 40(11): 425-431 {3 Nov 1908}

1910a Notes on the genus Thecla. Canadian Entomologist 42(11): 374-375 {11 Nov 1910}

1910b Melitaea alma Strecker, and its synonymy. Canadian Entomologist 42(12): 403-404 {15 Dec 1910}

1911a Notes on the genus Mastor. Canadian Entomologist 43(1): 6-8 {12 Jan 1911}

1911b Western Lepidoptera IV. Psyche 18(1): 32-34 {Feb 1911}



Coolidge, Karl R. and Victor L. Clemence

1910 A new hesperiid. Entomological News 22(1): 3-4 {Jan 1911, [31 Dec 1910]}



Coope, G. R.

2004 Several million years of stability among insect species because of, or in spite of, Ice Age climatic instability? Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 359(1442): 209-214 {29 Apr 2004}



Corbet, Alexander Steven

1948 Papers on Malaysian Rhopalocera. V: The conspecificity of the American Precis lavinia (Cramer) with the Oriental Precis orithya (Linnaeus). Entomologist 81(1018): 54-56, 8 figs. {19 Mar 1948}

1949 The Linnean names of the Indo-Australian Rhopalocera. Part 6. The case of Papilio Plexippus Linnaeus, 1758. Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)18(9/10): 184-190 {17 Oct 1949}

1949 The Linnean names of the Indo-Australian Rhopalocera. Part 7. Summary of determinations. Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)18(9/10): 191-199 {17 Oct 1949}



Corbet, Alexander Steven and Henry Maurice Pendlebury

1956 The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Edinburgh (2nd edition). Kuala Lumpur; Oliver and Boyd; revise by A. Steven Corbet and edited by N. D. Riley: xi + 537 pp. illus., 55 plates (part col.) maps (1 col.) {1956}

1992 The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. (with plates by Bernard D'Abrera). Kuala Lumpur; Malayan Nature Society; 4th ed., rev. and enl. by J. N. Eliot: x + 595 pp., 69 leaves of plates, illus. (some col.) {1992}



Cory, Charles B.

1896 [Untitled]. Entomological News 7(5): 140 {May, 31 Mar 1896}



Costa, Oronzio-Gabriele

1836-50

Lepidotteri. In: Fauna del Regno di Napoli ossia enumerazione di tutti gli animali che abitano le diverse regioni di questo regno e le acque che le bagnano contenente la dscritzione de nuovi o poco esattamento conosciuti. Naples; Torchi: 446 pp., 38 pls.



Cottle, James E.

1926 Euphydryas quino Behr. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 3(2): 73-76 {Oct, [8 Dec] 1926}



Couper, William

1874 A dissertation on northern butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 6(2): 33-37 {Feb 1874}; (3): 55-59 {Mar 1874}



Courtney, Steven Peter

1980 Studies on the biology of the butterfies Anthocharis cardamines (L) and Pieis napi [sic] (L), in relation to speciation in Pierinae. Phd. Dissertation, Durham University {2013}



Courvoisier, Ludwig Georg

1911 Entdeckungsreisen und kritische Spaziergäng ins Gebiet der Lycaeniden. Entomologische Zeitschrift 24(47): 253-255 {25 Feb 1911}; 4(49): 261-263 {11 Mar 1911}

1912 Ueber Zeichnungs-Aberrationen bei Lycaeniden. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 26(1): 38-65 {23 Apr 1912}

1914 Zur Synonymie des Genus Lycaena. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 28(2): 143-229 {31 Mar 1914}

1920 Zur Synonymie des Genus Lycaena. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 34(3-4): 230-262 {15 Dec 1920}

1921 Zur Synonymie des Genus Lycaena. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 35(1/2): 54-110 {30 Apr 1921



Coutsis, John G.

2011 The male genitalia of N American Icaricia lupini and I. acmon; how they differ from each other and how they compare to those of the other two members of the group, I. neurona and I. shasta (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Polyommatiti). Phegea 39(4): 144-151, 39 figs. {1 Dec 2011}

2012 Re-examination of the female genitalia of N American Icaricia lupini and I. acmon and description of the closely allied I. neurona and I. shasta (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae, Polyommatiti). Phegea 40(2): 53-55, 12 figs.{1 Jun 2012}



Coutsis, John G. and Tom W. Tolman

1996 On the taxonomic status of Pontia beckerii (Edwards, 1871) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Linneana Belgica 15(7): 271-272, 5 figs. {Sep 1996}



Covell, Charles Van Orden, Jr.

1973 Project ponceanus: A report on first efforts to survey and preserve the Schaus swallowtail (Papilionidae) in southern Florida Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27(3): 206-210 {10 Aug 1973}

1976 The Schaus Swallowtail: a threatened subspecies? Insect World Digest 3(5): 21-26 {1976}

1977 Project Ponceanus and the status of the Schaus swallowtail (Papilio aristodemus ponceanus) in the Florida Keys. Atala 5(1): 4-6 {1977}

2006 An interesting new butterfly record for Kentucky. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 48(4): 123-124, 1 fig. (1 Nov 2006}



Cowan, Charles Francis

1967a "Enc. Méth. 9." Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 4(6): 307-311 {Jul 1967}

1967b "Aub. Misc." or Daubentons' Miscellanea. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 4(6): 312-316 {Jul 1967}

1968a Annotationes rhopalocerologicae. Berkhamsted, England; Clunbury Press: 20 pp. {29 Feb 1968}

1968b "Enc. Méth. 9."-Supplementary notes. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 4(7): 390 {Aug 1968}

1968c The Daubentons and Buffon's Birds. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(1): 37-40 {Sep 1968}

1969a Boisduval's Species Général des Lépidoptères. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(2): 121-122 {[20 Mar] 1969}

1969b Boisduval and Le Conte: Histoire générale et Iconographie des Lépidoptères et des Chenilles de l'Amérique Septentrionale. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(2): 125-134 {Apr, [20 Mar] 1969}

1969c Notes on Griffith's Animal Kingdom of Cuvier (1824-1835). Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(2): 137-140 {Apr, [20 Mar] 1969}

1969d On the Mémoires de la Société Linnénne de Paris, 1822-1827. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(2): 152-154 {Apr, [20 Mar] 1969}

1970a Annotationes Rhopalocerologicae 1970. Berkhamsted, England; Clunbury Press: 70 pp. {15 Apr 1970}

1970b Boisduval's Icones Historiques des Lépidoptères d'Europe "1832" [-1841]. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(4): 291-302 {Apr 1970}

1970c Boisduval et al., Collection...des Chenilles d'Europe "1832" [-1837]. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(4): 303-323, 4 tbls. {Apr 1970}

1971a The insects of the Coquille Voyage. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(5): 358-360 {Oct 1970, 20 Jan 1971}

1971b The 1857-61 re-issue of Doubleday's Genera. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of natural History 5(6): 477 {Apr 1971}

1971c Why just "Schiff."? Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 83(9): 266-268 {15 Sep 1971}

1971d On Guérin's Iconographie: particularly the insects. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 6(1): 18-29 {Oct 1971}

1973 Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., publication dates. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 6(4): 293-294 {Apr 1973}

1976 On the Disciple's Edition of Cuvier's Règne Animal. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 8(1): 32-64 {Nov 1976}

1979 The early family-group Names of butterflies. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 91(2/3): 61-64 {Feb-Mar [May] 1979}; (6): 146-149 {Jun [Sep] 1979}



Coxey, W. Judson

1932 Description of a new race of Eurema gundlachia Poey from Ecuador (Lepid.: Pieridae). Entomological News 43(2): 33 {[4] Feb 1932}



Coyne, Jerry A. and H. Allen Orr

2004 Speciation. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Associates: xiii + 545 pp., illus. (some col.), maps {2004}



Coyne, Jerry A., H. Allen Orr and Douglas J. Futuyma

1988 Do we need a new species concept? Systematic Zoology 37(2): 190-200 {Jun 1988}



Cracraft Joel

1975 Historical biogeography and earth history: Perspectives for a future synthesis. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 62(2): 227-250, 5 figs. {1975}

1978 Science, philosophy, and systematics. Systematic Zoology 27(2): 213-216 {Jun 1978}

1981 The use of functional and adaptive criteria in phylogenetic systematics. American Zoologist 21(1): 21-36 {1981}

1982 Geographic differentiation, cladistics, and vicariance biogeography: Reconstructing the tempo and mode of evolution. American Zoologist 22(2): 411-424, 6 figs. {1982}

1983a Cladistic analysis and vicariance biogeography: Evolutionary biology gains a new dimension from the reconstruction of systematic and biogeographic patterns. American Scientist 71(3): 273-281 {May-June 1983}

1983b Species concepts and speciation analysis. Current Ornithology 1: 159-187 {1983}

1989 Speciation and its ontology: the empirical consequences of alternative species concepts for understanding patterns and processes of differentiation. Pp. 28-59, in: D. Otte D, J. Endler (Eds.), Speciation and its consequences. Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates: 679 pp. {1989}



Cramer, Pieter

1775-80

De uitlandische kapellen, voorkomende in de drei waereld-eeelen Asia, Africa en America. [Dutch Title]. Papilions exotiques des trois parties du monde l'Asie, l'Afrique et l'Amerique. [French Title]. Amsteldam, S. J. Baalde; Utrecht, Barthelemy Wild and J. Van Schoonhoven & Comp.; 4 vols.: xxx + 16 + 765 pp.; 400 pls. {1775-1780}; 1(1): 1-18; pls. 1-12; (2): 19-38; pls. 19-38; (3): 39-60; pls. 25-36; (4): 61-76; pls. 37-48; (5): 77-94; pls. 49-60; (6): 95-114; pls. 61-72; (7): 115-132; pls. 73-84 (1775); (8): 133-156; pls. 85-96 (1776); 1(9): 1-18; pls. 97-108; (10): 19-36; pls. 109-120; (11): 37-56; pls. 121-132; (12): 57-76; pls. 133-144; (13): 77-94; pls. 145-156; (14): 95-110; pls. 157-168; (15): 111-128; pls. 169-180; (16): 129-152; pls. 181-192 (1777); 3(17): 1-20; pls. 193-204; (18): 21-40; pls. 205-216; (19): 41-62; pls. 217-228; (20): 63-80; pls. 229-240; (21): 81-104; pls. 241-252; (22): 105-128; pls. 253-264 (1779); (23): 129-152; pls. 265-276; (24): 153-176; pls. 277-288; 4(25): 1-20; pls. 289-300; (26): 21-28; pls. 301-304 (1780)



Crane, Judith K.

2004 On the metaphysics of species. Philosophy of Science Association 71(2): 156-173 (Apr 2004}



Craw, Robin C., John R. Grehan and Michael J. Heads

1999 Panbiogeography: Tracking the history of life. New York; Oxford University Press: 229 pp., illus., maps {1999}



Cresson, Ezra Townsend, Jr.

1926. List of new genera and species described by Henry Skinner. Entomological News 37(8): 246-249 {15 Oct 1926}



Cretella, Massimo

2010 The complete collation and dating of the section Zoologie of the Coquille voyage. Bollettino malacologico 46(2): 83-103, 4 figs., 1 tab. {30 Nov 2010}



Crisci, Jorge

2006 One-dimensional systematist: perils in a time of steady progress. Systematic Botany 31(1): 217-221 {Jan 2006}



Crisp, Michael D. and Greg Chandler

1996 Paraphyletic species. Telopea 6(4) : 813-844 {1996}



Crisp, Michael D., Steven A. Trewick and Lyn G. Cook

2011 Hypothesis testing in biogeography. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26(2): 66-72 {Feb 2011, online 10 Dec 2010}



Cross, Frank Clay

1936a Entomologist's exchange association. Hobbies 41(5): 112 {Jul 1936}

1936b A new form of Polygonia hylas. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 12(4): 197 {Oct, 15 Dec 1936}

1937a A new race of Plebeius scudderii. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 13(1/2): 88 {Jan-Apr, [4 May] 1937}

1937b Butterflies of Colorado. Proceedings of the Colorado Museum of natural History 16(1): 3-28, 5 figs. {1 Jul 1937}



Crosson du Cormier, Alain

1977 Les Boloria du domaine arctique nécessité d'une nouvelle division spécifique. Alexanor 10(1): 35-47, 18 figs, 1 line drawing {4 May 1977}



Crotch, George Robert

1872 On the generic nomenclature of Lepidoptera. Cistula Entomologica 1(4): 59-71 {25 Jan 1872}; (5): 91-92 {20 Jul 1872}



Crowe, Charles R.

1970 A possible new hybrid copper. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 8(2): 51-52, fig. 1 {Jun 1969(1970), [23 Nov] 1970}



Crozier, Lisa Grady Reed

2001 Climate change and species' range boundaries: a case study at the northern range limits of Atalopedes campestris (Lepidoptera:Hesperiidae), the sachem skipper. Seattle; University of Washington; PhD Dissertation: v + 114 leaves, illus. {2001}

2004a Field transplants reveal summer constraints on a butterfly range expansion. Oecologia 141(1): 148-157 {Sep 2004}

2004b Warmer winters drive butterfly range expansion by increasing survivorship. Ecology 85(1): 231-241 {2004}



Crozier, Lisa Grady Reed and Greg Dwyer

2006 Combining population dynamic and ecophysiological models to predict climate induced insect range shifts. American Naturalist 167(6): 853-866 {Jun 2006}



Cruickshank, Robert H. and Lars Munck

2011 It's barcoding Jim, but not as we know it. Zootaxa 2933: 55-56 {29 Jun 2011}



Cupedo, Frans

2007 Geographical variation and Pleistocene history of the Erebia pandrose - sthennyo complex (Nymphalidae; Satyrinae). Nota lepidopterologica 30(2): 329-353, 9 figs., 3 tbls. {15 Nov 2007}



Curtis, John

1823-39

British entomology; being illustrations and descriptions of the genera of insects found in Great Britain and Ireland: containing coloured figures from nature of the most rare and beautiful species, and in many instances of the plants upon which they are found. London; Curtis, 16 vols.: 770 pls. plates are dated from 1824-1839

1835 Insects. Descriptions, &c. of the insects brought Home by commander James Clark Ross, R.N., F.R.S., &c. Vol. 2: lix-lxxx, plate A, in: (Sir John) Ross, Appendix to the narrative of a second voyage in search of a north-west passage and of a residence in the arctic regions during the years 1829, 1830, 1831, 1832, 1833. London, A. W. Webster 2: xii + 120 + cii pp.; 20 pls. {1835}



Curtis, Nelson S. and Clifford D. Ferris

1985 A review of Colias meadii W. H. Edwards with a description of a new subspecies from Idaho. (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (91): 1-9, 23 figs. {18 Jan 1985}



Cushman, J. H.

1993 The Mission bue, Plebejus icarioides missionensis. Pp. 139-140, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}



Cuthill, Jennifer Hoyal and Michael Charleston

2012 Phylogenetic codivergence supports coevolution of mimetic Heliconius butterflies. PLoS One 7(5): e36464 (11 pp., 3 figs., 1 tbl.) {7 May 2012}



--D--



d'Abrera, Bernard Laurence

1981 Butterflies of the Neotropical Region. Part I. Papilionidae & Pieridae. East Melbourne; Lansdowne Editions: xvi + 172 pp., figs., 1 map {1981}

1984 Butterflies of the Neotropical Region. Part II. Danaidae, Ithomiidae, Heliconidae [sic] & Morphidae. Ferny Creek, Victoria; Hill House: xii + 173-384 pp., figs., 1 map. {1984}

1987a Butterflies of the Neotropical Region. Part III. Brassolidae, Acraeidae & Nymphalidae (partim). Victoria; Black Rock, Hill House: viii + 385-526 pp., figs. {1987}

1987b Butterflies of the Neotropical Region. Part IV. Nymphalidae (partim). Victoria; Black Rock, Hill House: [xiv] + 527-678 pp., figs. {1987}

1988 Butterflies of the Neotropical Region. Part V. Nymphalidae (Conc.) & Satyridae. Victoria; Black Rock, Hill House: [viii] + 679-877 pp,, figs. {1988}

1991 Butterflies of the World. Holarctic Region. Part 1. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Danaidae, Satyridae (part). Melbourne, Australia; Lansdowne Editions: 1-185 pp., figs. {1991}

1992 Butterflies of the World. Holarctic Region. Part 2. Satyridae (concluding) and Nymphalidae (part). Melbourne, Australia; Lansdowne Editions: xix + 186-334 pp., figs. {1992}

1993 Butterflies of the World. Holarctic Region. Part 3. Nymphalidae (concluding), Acraeidae, Libytheidae, Lycaenidae and Riodinidae. Melbourne, Australia; Lansdowne Editions: ix + 335-524 pp., figs. {1993}

1994 Butterflies of the Neotropical Region. Part VI. Riodinidae. Victoria; Black Rock, Hill House: viii + 879-1096 pp., figs. {1994}

1995 Butterflies of Neotropical Region. Part VII. Lycaenidae. Victoria, Australia; Black Rock, Hill House: xi + 1098-1270 pp., figs. {1995}

2001 The Concise Atlas of Butterflies of the World. Melbourne/London; Hill House Publications/Natural History Museum: 1-353 pp. {2001}



Daggy, R. H.

1936 New butterfly record for United States (Lepid.: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 47(1): 52. {[17] Jan 1936}



Dal, Bjorn

1985 Grågiökar och Papilioner. Om Carl Clercks fjärilsverk Icones Insectorum Rariorum. Svenska Linnésällskapets Årsskrift 1984/5: 9-88, figs. {1985}



Dalman, Johann Wilhelm

1816 Försok till systematisk Uppställning af Sveriges Fjärilar. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 37(1): 48-101; (2): 199-225, pl. 2 {1816}

1823 Analecta entomologica. Holmiae; Lindhianis: [2] + vii + 104 + [4] pp., 4 pls. {[7 Sep] 1823}



d'Almeida, Romualdo Ferreira

1913 Trois lépidoptères nouveaux du Brésil. Famille Pierides. Rio de Janeiro; Author: [4] pp. {Dec 1913}

1922a Notes sur quelques lépidoptères d'Amérique du Sud. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 90(1): 57-65 {14 Dec 1921; [1922]}

1922b Mélanges lépidoptèrologiques. Etudes sur les lépidoptères du Brésil. Berlin; R. Friedlander and Sohn: viii + 226 pp. {1922}

1928 Contribution a l'étude des rhopalocères américains. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 97(3/4): 369-388 {31 Dec 1928}

1930 Etude sur le genre Terias (2me. note). Revista chilena de Historia natural 33: 421-427, fig. 97 {1929, 27 Feb 1930}

1932 Communications. Étude sur le genre Terias (3e note). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 37(3): 44-47, 1 pl. {15 Mar 1932}

1934a Etude sur le genre Terias (4e note) (Lep. Pieridae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 38(19): 298-300 {4 Feb 1934}

1934b Studien über die Gattung Terias. Fünfte Note. Entomologische Zeitschrift 48(15): 115-118, 3 figs. {8 Nov 1934}

1936a Revisão das Terias americanas. (Lepid.: Pieridae). Parte I. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 31(1): 11-54, 17 pls. {Feb 1936}

1936b Revisão das Terias americanas. (Lepid. Pieridae) Parte II. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 31(2): 189-347, 18 pls. {Apr 1936}

1938a Um novo gênero da sub-familia Danainae e um novo synonymo para o gênero Anosia Hubn. (Lep. Danaidae). Nota previa. O Campo (Rio de Janeiro) 9(102): 41 {Jun 1938}

1938b Nota suplementar à "Revisão das Terias Americanas". (Lepid. Pieridae). Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 33(2): 231-247, 3 pls. {Jul 1938}

1938c Revisão do gênero Anteos Hübn. (Lepid.: Pieridae). Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 33(4): 567-579, 3 pls. {Dec 1938}

1939a Revisão do gênero Appias (Subgen. Glutophrissa Butl.) (Lepidoptera). Boletim biológico (São Paulo) (n.s.)4(1): 50-66, pls. 3, 4, 8 figs. {Mar 1939}

1939b Revisão das espécies americanas da superfamilia Danaoidea. (Lepid: Pieridae) [sic] Parte 1- Familia Danaidae, subfam. Danainae. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 34(1): 1-113, 30 pls. {Jun 1939]

1939c Revisão do gênero Aphrissa Butl. (Lepid., Pieridae). Boletim biológico (n.s.)4(3): 423-443, pls. 5-8 {30 Sep 1939}

1940 Reviso do Género Phoebis Hübn. (Lepidopt. Pierididae [sic]). Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de São Paulo 1(3): 67-152, 12 pls. {10 May 1940}

1941 Contribuição ao estudo dos Mechanitidae (Lep. Rhopalocera) (4a. nota). (1). Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Secretaria da Agricultura (São Paulo) 1(12): 79-85, 12 figs. {27 Feb 1941}

1944a Nota suplementar à "Revisão das espécies americanas da superfamilia Danaoidea." Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia. Secretaria da Agricultura (São Paulo) 4(3): 37-70, 3 pls. {1 Apr 1944}

1944b Nota suplementar à "Revisão do gênero Phoebis Huebner." Boletim do Museo nacional (Zoologia) (Rio de Janeiro) 27: 1-16 {8 Nov 1944}

1945a Segunda nota suplementar à "Revisão das Terias Americanas." Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de São Paulo 4(3): 73-95, 1 pl., 5 figs. {11 Nov 1945}

1945b Nota Suplementar aos nossos trabalhos sôbre os gêneros Pseudopieris, Anteos, Appias e Aphrissa. (Lep. Pierididae). Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia Secretaria da Agricultura (São Paulo) 6(21): 225-240, 1 fig. {14 May 1945}

1952 Duas novas subespécies de Rhopalocera da América (Lep. Satyridae e Nymphalidae). Boletim do Musea nacional (Zoologia) (Rio de Janeiro) 114: 1-3, 2 figs. {15 Sep 1952}

1960 Terceira nota suplementar a nossa revisão do gênero Eurema Hübner, 1819. Lepidoptera-Pieridae. Revista brasileira de Entomologia (São Paulo) 9: 81-108 {21 May 1960}

1966 Catálogo dos Papilionidae americanos. So Paulo, Sociedad Brasiliera de Entomologia: [v] + 366 pp. {25 May 1966}

1972 Notas sôbre Pieridae americanos (Lepidoptera). Acta biologica paranaense (Curitiba) 1(1/2): 51-72 {after 4 Oct 1972}

1978 Catálogo dos Ithomiidae americanos (Lepidoptera). Curitiba; Centro de Recursos Audiovisuais: iv + 405 pp. {1978}



Danks, Hugh V.

1979 Characteristic modes of adaptation in the Canadian insect fauna. Pp. 548-566, in: H.V. Danks (Ed.), Canada and its insect fauna. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 108: 573 pp.

1987 Insect-plant interactions in arctic regions. Revue d'Entomologie du Quebec 31: 52-75 {1987}

1990 Arctic insects: instructive diversity. Pp. 444-470, Vol. II in C.R. Harington (Ed.), Canada's missing dimension: Science and history in the Canadian arctic islands. Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa. 2 vols.: 855 pp. {1990}

1999 The diversity and evolution of insect life cycles. Entomological Science 2(4): 651-660, 2 figs., 5 tbls. {25 Dec 1999}

2004 Seasonal adaptations in arctic Insects. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44(2): 85-94, 3 tbls. {22 Apr 2004}



Daniels, Jaret C.

2009 Miami Blue, Cyclargus thomasi bethunbakeri (Comstock & Huntington) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Services; publication #EENY-386 {2009}

2011 Schaus Swallowtail, Heraclides aristodemus ponceanus (Schaus) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Services; publication #EENY-387 {2011}



Daniels, Jaret C., Marc C. Minno, Thomas Chadbourne Emmel, Peter J. Eliazar and L. L. Groce

1993 Egg color dimorphism in the endangered Schaus swallowtail butterfly, Papilio aristodemus ponceanus, of South Florida (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 4(1): 65-66 {May 1993}



Daniels, Jaret C., J. Akers Pence and Thomas Chadbourne Emmel

2006 Additional records of Cyclargus ammon (Lycaenidae: Lycaeninae) in the Florida Keys. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 60(2): 97-99 {31 Jul 2006}



Dapporto, Leonardo

2009 Speciation in Mediterranean refugia and post-glacial expansion of Zerynthia polyxena (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 48(3): 229-237 {August 2010, online 4 Nov 2009}

2010 Satyrinae butterflies from Sardinia and Corsica show a kaleidoscopic intraspecific biogeography (Lepidoptera, Nymphlidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100(1): 195-212 {May, online 20 Apr 2010}



Dapporto, Leonardo and Claudia Bruschini

2012 Invading a refugium: post glacial replacement of the ancestral lineage of a Nymphalid butterfly in the West Mediterranean. Organisms Diversity and Evolution 12(1): 39-49 {March 2012}



Dapporto, Leonardo and Roger L. H. Dennis

2008 Conservation biogeography of large Mediterranean islands. Butterfly impoverishment, conservation priorities and inferences for an ecological "island paradigm." Ecography 32(1): 169-179 {Feb 2009, online 27 Nov 2008}



Dapporto, Leonardo and Franco Strumia

2008 The thorny subject of insular endemic taxonomy: morphometrics reveal no evidence of speciation between Coenonympha corinna and Coenonympha elbana butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Zootaxa 1755: 47-56 {24 Apr 2008}



Darwin, Charles

1859 On the origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. (First edition). London; John Murray: ix + 502 pp., [1] folded leaf of plates, illus. {1859}



Dasmahapatra, Kanchon K. and James Louis Borlase Mallet

2006 DNA barcodes: recent successes and future prospects. Heredity 97(4): 254-255 {Oct, online 21 Jun 2006}



Dasmahapatra, Kanchon K., Michael J. Blum, Annette Aiello, Stuart Hackwell, Neil

Davies, Eldredge P. Bermingham, and James Louis Borlase Mallet

2002 Inferences from a rapidly moving hybrid zone. Evolution 56(4): 741-753, 7 figs., 8 tbls. {Apr, 9 May 2002}



Dasmahapatra, Kanchon K., Marianne Elias, Ryan I. Hill, Joseph I. Hoffman and James Louis Borlase Mallet

2009 Mitochondrial DNA barcoding detects some species that are real, and some that are not. Molecular Ecology Resources 10(2): 264-273, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {Mar 2009}



Dasmahapatra, Kanchon K. and James Louis Borlase Mallet

2006 Taxonomy: DNA barcodes: recent successes and future prospects. Heredity 97(4): 254-255 {Oct, online 21 Jun 2006}



Daubenmire, R.

1954 Alpine timberlines in the americas and their interpretation. Butler University Botanical Studies 11(14): 119-136 {1954}



Daubenton, Louis Jean Marie

[1765]-[66]

[Miscellanea.] Paris; Author; (1): pls. 1-24 [1765]; (2): pls. 25-49 [1765]; (3): pls. 50-73 [1765]; (4): pls. 74-97 [1766]; (5): pls. 98-?; (6): pls. ?-144 [1766]



Dauphin, Jan, David Dauphin, Ed Knudson and Charles W. Bordelon, Jr.

2005 Three new butterflies new to the United States from south Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(2): 43, 46, 19 figs. {Summer, 15 Jun 2005}



Davenport, Demorest

1936 A new american Coenonympha (Lepid. Satyridae). Canadian Entomologist 68(4): 79 {Apr, 9 May 1936}

1941 The butterflies of the satyrid genus Coenonympha. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 87(4): 215-349, pls. 1-10 {Jan 1941}



Davenport, Demorest and Vincent Gaston Dethier

1938 Bibliography of the described life-histories of the Rhopalocera of America north of Mexico, 1889-1937. Entomologica Americana (n. s.)17(4): 155-194 {Oct 1937, 30 Jun 1938}



Davenport, Kenneth E.

2002a Field notes on geographic distribution and records of Comstock's Blue in the southern sierra...and a look at taxonomic implications. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 44(1): 24, 33 (photo) {15 Apr 2002}

2002b Field observations supporting bernardino blues as a separate species. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 44(3): 98-99, 100 (photo) {15 Nov 2002}

2004a A concise update of the information provided in The butterflies of southern California (1973) by Thomas C. Emmel and John F. Emmel. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(7): 1-23 {10 May 2004}

2004b The Yosemite butterflies. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(1): 1-75, figs. {29 Dec 2004}

2005 The correct type locality for Ochlodes sylvanoides santacruzus Scott, the Santa Cruz Island skipper. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(1): 17 {Spring, 1 Apr 2005}

2007a The Yosemite butterflies (text): Supplement of additional information, collections and corrections for volume 5, no. 1. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(1, supplement): 1-8 {15 Mar 2007}

2007b The Yosemite butterflies. Second edition. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(1): 1-80, figs. {10 May 2007}

2008 Lepidoptera of North America. 3. Butterflies of Kern and Tulare Counties, California. Fort Collins, CO; C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University: 118 pp. {28 Apr 2008}

2014 Lepidoptera of North America. 3.4 Butterflies of Kern and Tulare Counties, California. (Revised). Fort Collins, CO; C.P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Department of Bioagricultural Sciences and Pest Management, Colorado State University: 121 pp. {25 Jan 2014}



Davenport, Kenneth E., Norbert G. Kondla, Charles Grisham and C. Howard Grisham

2007 The Yosemite butterflies: color plates. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 5(2): 1-83, color figs. {15 Mar 2007}



Davies, Neil, Annette Aiello, James Louis Borlase Mallet, Andrew Pomiankowski and Robert Elliot Silberglied

1997 Speciation in two Neotropical butterflies: extending Haldane's rule. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 264(1383): 845-851, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {22 Jun 1997}



Davies, Neil and Eldredge Bermingham

2002 The historical biogeography of two caribbean butterflies (Lepidoptera: Heliconiidae) as inferred from genetic variation at multiple loci. Evolution 56(3): 573-589, 7 figs., 4 tbls., 2 app. {Mar, 12 Apr 2002}



Davis, Andrew K., and Eduardo Rendón

2010 Are female monarch butterflies declining in eastern North America? Evidence of a 30-year change in sex ratios at Mexican overwintering sites. Biology Letters 6(1): 45-47, 2 figs. (23 February 2011, online 23 Sep 2009}



Davis, Edward M.

1943 Phoebis philea Linn. in Winter Park, Florida. Florida Entomologist 26(3): 49 {Sep 1943}



Davis, Kim, Mike Stangeland and Andrew David Warren

2005 Mylon pelopidas: A new record for Arizona and the United States. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(4): 103, 104 (figs. 1-4), 106,110-111 (fig. 114) {25 Nov 2005}



Davis, W. B.

1932 New records of diurnal Lepidoptera for California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 30(3): 93 {Sep-Dec 1931, 10 Feb 1932}



Davis, William Thompson

1924 A northern form of the butterfly Neonympha areolatus. Journal of the New York entomological Society 32(2): 105-107, pl. 10 {[15] June 1924}



Dawkins, Richard

2004 An ecology of replicators. Ludus Vitalis 12(21): 43-52 {2004}



Dayrat, Benoït

2005 Towards integrative taxonomy. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85(3): 407-415 {Jul, online 24 Jun 2005}



Dean, F. Roy

1918 A few surprises of early 1918. Lepidoptera 2(8): 59-60 {15 Aug 1918}



Deans, Andrew R., Matthew J. Yoder and James P. Balhoff

2011 Time to change how we describe biodiversity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27(2): 78-84, fig. 1, 2 boxes {20 Dec 2011}



DeChaine, Eric G.

2008 A bridge or a barrier? Beringia's influence on the distribution and diversity of tundra plants. Plant Ecology & Diversity 1(2): 197-207 {Nov 2008}



DeChaine, Eric G. and Andrew P. Martin

2004 Historic cycles of fragmentation and expansion in Parnassius smintheus (Papilionidae) inferred using mitochondrial DNA. Evolution 58(1): 113-127, 7 figs., 3 tbls., app. {Jan 2004}

2005a Marked genetic divergence among sky island populations of Sedum lanceolatum (Crassulaceae) in the Rocky Mountains. American Journal of Botany 92(3): 477-486 {Mar 2005}

2005b Historical biogeography of two alpine butterflies in the Rocky Mountains: Broad-scale concordance and local-scale discordance. Journal of Biogeography 32(11): 1943-1956, 5 figs., 2 tbls. {Nov, online 28 Sep 2005}

2006 Using coalescent simulations to test the impact of Quaternary climate cycles on divergence in an alpine plant-insect association. Evolution 60(5): 1004-1013 {May 2006}



Deering, Mark D. and J. Mark Scriber

2002 Field bioassays show heterospecific mating preference asymmetry between hybridizing North American Papilio butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Journal of Ethology 20(1): 25-33, 2 figs. {online 26 Mar; paper Jun 2002}



Della Bruna, Casella, Enrico Gallo and Valeria Sbordoni

2004 Guide to the Butterflies of the Palearctic Region: Pieridae part 1. Tribe Pierini (partim), Delias, Aporia, Mesapia, Baltia, Pontia, Belenois, Talbotia. Milano; Omnes Artes (Guide to the butterflies of the Palearctic region 8); G. C. Bozano (Ed.) : 86 pp., col. illus, b/w line illus, dist maps.{May 2004}



[Denis, Johann Nepomuk Cosmas Michael and Ignaz Schiffermüller]

1775 Ankündung eines systematischen Werkes von den Schmetterlingen der Wienergegend herausgegeben von einigen Lehrern am k. k. Theresianum. Wien; Augustin Bernardi: [2] t.p., 1-304, [2 blank], 305-322 [323 Anzeige], [324 blank], ftsp.; 2 pls. {[on or before 11 Sep 1775] but established as [8 Dec] 1775 by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 516}

1776 Systematisches Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend herausgegeben von einigen Lehrern am k. k. Theresianum. Wien; Augustin Bernardi: [2] t.p., 1-304, [2 blank], 305-322 [323 Anzeige], [324 blank], ftsp.; 2 pls. {1776}



Dennis, Roger L. H. and Harry T. Eales

1997 Patch occupancy in Coenonympha tullia (Müller, 1764) (Lepidoptera: Satyrinae): Habitat quality matters as much as patch size and isolation. Journal of Insect Conservation 1(3): 167-176 {1997}



Dennis, Roger L. H., Tim G. Shreeve & W. Robert Williams

1995 Taxonomic differentiation in species richness gradients among European butterflies (Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea): contribution of macroevolutionary dynamics. Ecography 18(1): 27-40 {Mar 1995}



Dennis, Roger L. H., W. Robert Williams and Tim G. Shreeve

1998 Faunal structures among European butterflies: Evolutionary implications of bias for geography, endemism and taxonomic affiliation. Ecography 21(2): 181-203, 6 figs., 6 tbls., 2 app. {Apr 1998}

1991 A multivariate approach to the determination of faunal units among European butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 101(1): 1-49 {Jan 1991}



Denton, Sherman Foote

1898-[1900]

As nature shows them. Moths and butterflies of the United States, east of the Rocky Mountains. With over 400 photographic illustrations in the text and many transfers of species from life. Boston; Bradlee-Whiddon; part 1: The moths (x + 161 pp. [10] leaves of plates); vol. 2: The butterflies (xiv + [1] [1] + [163]-361 pp., [46] leaves of plates): (1): 1-48, pls. [1]-[6], figs. {1898}; (2): 49-96, pls. [7]-[12], figs. {1898}; (3): 97-144, pls. [13]-[18], figs. {Jun 1898}; (4): 145-192, pls. [19]-[25], figs. {Sep 1898}; (5): 193-240, pls. [26]-[32], figs. {Dec 1898}; (6): 241-288, pls. [33]-[38], figs. {Mar 1899}; (7): 289-336, pls. [39]-[46], figs. {Sep 1899}; (8): 337-361, i-xv, i-xv, 139-142 [second issue], pls. [47]-[56], figs. {Dec 1899 [1900]; Boston; J. B. Millet & Co.; vol. 3, extra plates, moths and butterflies [1]-[50]; vol. 4, extra plates, moths and butterflies [51]-[100]



Derksen, Walter and Ursula Scheiding-Göllner

1963-75

Index litturaturae entomologicae. Serie II: Die Welt-Literatur über die gesamte Entomologie von 1864 bis 1900. Berlin, Duetsches Akad. Lanwirtschaftwiss; Vol. 1 (A-E): 12 + 679 pp. {1963}; Vol. 2 (F-L): 678 pp. {1965}; Vol. 3 (N-R): 528 pp. {1968}; Vol. 4 (S-Z): 482 pp. {1972}; Vol. 5 (Index): 238 pp. {1975}



De Roode, Jacobus C., and Sonia M. Altizer

2009 Host-parasite genetic interactions and virulence transmission relationships in natural populations of monarch butterflies. Evolution 64(2): 502-514, 4 figs., 2 tabs. (February 2010, online 30 Sep 2009}



DeSalle, Rob

2006 Species discovery versus species identification in DNA barcoding efforts: response to Rubinoff. Conservation Biology 20(5): 1545-1547 {Oct, online 21 Sep 2006}



DeSalle, Robert, Mary G. Egan and Mark Siddall

2005 The unholy trinity: taxonomy, species delimitation and DNA barcoding. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 360(1462): 1905-1916 {29 Oct 2005}



Deschamps-Cottin, Magali, Josiane Aubert, Bernard Barascud and Henri Descimon

2000 Hybridation et introgression entre « bonnes espèces ». Le cas de Parnassius apollo et P. phoebus. Hybridization and barriers to introgression between full-fledged species. The case of the butterflies Parnassius apollo and P. phoebus in the Alps. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences - Series III - Sciences de la Vie 323(3): 327-337 {Mar 2000}



Descimon, Henri and Hansjürg J. Geiger

1988 Electrophoretic detection of interspecific hybrids in Parnassius (Lepidoptera Papilionidae). Genetics Selection Evolution 20(4): 435-440, 3 tbls. {15 Dec 1988}



Descimon, Henri and James Louis Borlase Mallet

2009 Bad species. Pp. 219-249, in: J. Settele, T. G. Shreeve, M. Konvicka and H. Van Dyck (Eds.), Ecology of Butterflies in Europe. Cambridge/New York; Cambridge University Press: xii + 513 pp., [24] pp. of plates, col. illus., maps {2009}



Descimon, Henri and Michael Napolitano

1993 Enzyme polymorphism, wing pattern variability, and geographical isolation in an endangered butterfly species. Biological Conservation 66(2): 117-123 {1993}



Descimon Henri, Marie Zimmermann, Emmanuel Cosson, Bernard Barascud and Gabriel Nève

2001 Genetic variation, geographic variation and gene flow in some French butterfly species. Génétique, Sélection, Evolution 33 (suppl. 1) : S223-S249 {2001}



Dethier, Vincent Gaston

1946 Supplement to the bibliography of the described life-histories of the Rhopalocera of America north of Mexico. Psyche 53(1/2): 15-20 {Mar-Jun, 16 Dec 1946}



De Vries, Phillip James

1987 Butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae. Princeton; Princeton University Press: xxii + 327 pp., 50 cpls., 35 figs., 3 tbls., 2 maps {1987}

1997 The butterflies of Costa Rica and their natural history. Volume II. Riodinidae. Princeton; Princeton University Press: xxvii + 288 pp., 25 pls., 59 figs., 11 tbls. {1997}



De Vries, Philip, George T. Austin and Noland H. Martin

2008 Diel activity and reproductive isolation in a diverse assemblage of Neotropical skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94(4): 723-736, 3 figs. {Aug, online 25 Jul 2008}



Devyatkin, A. L. [, . .]

1990 Pyrgus (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). 69(10): 141-145 {Oct 1990} [On two Siberian species of Pyrgus (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). Zoological Journal]



DeWalt, R. Edward

2011 DNA barcoding: a taxonomic point of view. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 30(1):174-181 {Mar 2011}



Dewitz, Herman

1877 Tagschmetterlinge von Portorico gesammelt von Herrn Consul Krug. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 38(4-6): 233-245, pl. 1 {Apr-Jun, late Mar 1877}



Dexter, Ralph Warren

1982 A. S. Packard on a former connection between Brazil and Africa based upon his study of Lepidoptera. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 35(4): 321 {13 May 1982}



Diamond, Jared M.

2004 Ernst Mayr's view of evolution. Ludus Vitalis 12(21): 29-34 {2004}



Dias, Fernando Maia Silva, Mirna Martins Casagrande and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke

2010 Alternative techniques to study characters of the genitalia in Lepidoptera. Neotropical Entomology 39(6): 1044-1045, 2 figs. {Dec 2010}



Díaz, Alberto and Javier de la Maza

1978 Guia Illustrada de las mariposas mexicanas. Parte I. Familia Papilionidae. Publicaciones especiales. Sociedad mexicana de Lepidopterologia 3: 1-15, 125 figs., 2 maps {1978}



Dietz, Manfred

2000 Asiatische Parnassier und ihre Verbreitungsgebiete. Teil 3: Parnassius eversmanni, Parnassius felderi, Parnassius nordmanni, Parnassius ariadne. Solms : Selbstverl.: 27 pp., 1-28, figs. {2000}

2002 Pieridae. Colias Fabricius 1807. Arten und Unterarten aus der Palaearctischen Region. Species and subspecies of the palaearctic region. Genus Colias Fabricius, 1807. Part 1. Solms. 2 + 152 pp., figs. {2002}



Dimmock, George

1879 The writings of Samuel Hubbard Scudder. Dimmock's Special Bibliography (3): 285 pp. {1879}



Dimock, Thomas E.

1973 Three natural hybrids of Vanessa atalanta rubria X Cynthia annabella (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27(4): 274-278, 10 figs. {30 Nov 1973}



Dinc, Vlad, Leonardo Dapporto and Roger Vila

2011 A combined genetic-morphometric analysis unravels the complex biogeographical history of Polyommatus icarus and Polyommatus celina Common Blue butterflies. Molecular Ecology 20(18): 3921-3935, 5 figs. {Sep, online 24 Aug 2011}



Dinc, Vlad, Vladimir A. Lukhtanov, Gerard Talavera and Roger Vila

2011 Unexpected layers of cryptic diversity in wood white Leptidea butterflies. Nature Communications 2(324): 8 pp., 5 figs. {24 May 2011}



Dinc, Vlad, Christer Wiklund, Vladimir Alexandrovich Lukhtanov, Ullasa Kodandaramaiah, Karin Norén, Leonardo Dapporto, Niklas Wahlberg , Roger Vila and Magne Friberg

2013 Reproductive isolation and patterns of genetic differentiation in a cryptic butterfly species complex. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26(10): 2095-2106, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Oct, online 5 Aug 2013}



Dinc, Vlad, Evgeny V. Zakharov, Paul D. N. Hebert and Roger Vila

2010 Complete DNA barcode reference library for a country's butterfly fauna reveals high performance for temperate Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 278(1704: 347-355, 5 figs., 5 suppl. {7 Feb 2011, online 11 Aug 2010}



Ding, Liang, Yan-zhou Zhang and Chao-dong Zhu

2007 Preliminary study on taxonomy and phylogeny of Zerynthiini and Parnassiini (Lepidoptera, Papilionidea). Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 32(2): 355-362, 16 figs. {Apr 2007}



Dingle, Hugh, Myron P. Zalucki, Wayne A. Rochester and Tara Armijo-Prewitt

2005 Distribution of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), in western North America. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85(4): 491-500, 4 figs. {Aug 2005}



Dirig, Robert

2003 Theme in blue: Vladimir Nabokov's endangered butterfly. Pp. 205-218, 6 figs., in: G. Shapiro (Ed.), Nabokov at Cornell. Ithaca, New York; Cornell University Press: [xiv] + 288 pp. {2003}



Dirig, Robert and John F. Cryan

1992 The status of silvery blue subspecies (Glaucopsyche lygdamus lygdamus and G. l. couperi: Lycaenidae) in New York. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(4):272-290, 6 figs. {1991, 19 May 1992}



Distant, William Lucas

1882-86

Rhopalocera Malayana: A description of the butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. London; Distant, Penang & Logan: xvi + 482 + [4] pp., 46 pls. in 23 parts



Dixey, Frederick Augustus

1915 New species and subspecies of Pierinae. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1915(1): 1-15, pls. 1, 2, 7 figs. {26 Jun 1915}



Dixon, Bruce Wayne

1955 A new subspecies of Epargyreus clarus from Arizona with distributional notes (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 66(1): 6-9 {[6] Jan 1955}



Dobzhansky, Theodosius Grigorievich

1937 Genetics and the origin of species. New York; Columbia Univ. Press.; Columbia biological series, no. XI: xvi + 364 pp., illus., diagrs. {1937}

1941 Genetics and the origin of species. (second edition). New York; Columbia Univ. Press.; Columbia biological series, no. XI: xviii + 446 pp., incl. illus., tables, diagrs. {1941}

1951 Genetics and the origin of species. (Third edition). New York: Columbia Univ. Press.; Columbia biological series, 11: x + 364 pp., illus., maps {1951}



Dockx, Cristina

2007 Directional and stabilizing selection on wing size and shape in migrant and resident monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus (L.), in Cuba. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 92(4): 605-616, 5 figs. {Dec, online 7 Dec 2007}



Dockx, Cristina, Lincoln P. Brower, Leonard I. Wassenaar and Keith A. Hobson

2004 Do North American Monarch butterflies travel to Cuba? Stable isotope and chemical tracer techniques. Ecological Applications 14(4): 1106-1114, 5 figs., 3 tbls. {Aug 2004}



Dodge, G. M.

1872 A new hesperian. Canadian Entomologist 4(11): 217-218 {Nov 1872}

1873 Hesperia illinois identical with Hesp. acanootus, Scudd. Canadian Entomologist 5(3): 60 {Mar 1873}

1874 Hesperia pawnee, n. sp. Canadian Entomologist 6(3): 44-45 {Mar 1874}

1900 Pyrameis huntera, n. var. fulvia. Canadian Entomologist 32(3): 92 {Mar, 27 Feb 1900}

1903 A new butterfly from Texas. Canadian Entomologist 35(3): 78 {Mar, 28 Feb 1903}



Dodo, Yukiko Tanikawa, Toyohei Saigusa, Hideyuki Chiba, Tomoaki Nishiyama, Toshiya Hirowatari, Minoru Ishii, Takashi Yagi, Mitsuyasu Hasebe and Hideo Mohri

2008 Mitokondoria ND5 oyobi COI idenshi no enkihairetsu niyoru nihonsan seserichou no bunshi keitou. Molecular phylogeny of Japanese skippers (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae) based on mitochondrial ND5 and COI gene sequences. Transactions of the Lepidopterological Society of Japan 59(1): 29-41, 2 figs., 1 tbl. [in Japanese] {5 Jan 2008}



Dognin, Paul

1887 Notice sur la faune des lépidoptères de Loja et environs et descriptions d'espéces nouvelles (Équateur). Naturaliste (2)1(16): 188-190, 5 figs. {1 Nov 1887}

1887-96

Note sur la faune des lépidoptères de Loja et environs (Équateur). Descriptions d'espèces nouvelles. Paris; Alcan-Levy (or F. Levé) 116 pp., 12 pls.; (1): 24 pp., pls. 1-2 (1887); (2): 27-65, pls. 3-6 (1891); (3): 67-99, pls. 7-10 (1894)

1895 Lépidoptères de Loja et environs. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 39(2): 105-118 {28 Feb 1895}



Doherty, William

1886 A list of butterflies taken in Kumaon. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 55, Pt. II(2): 103-140 {26 Jun 1886}

1889 Notes on Assam butterflies. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 58, Pt. II(1): 118-134; pl. 10 {May 1889}



Doll, Jacob

1904 [Minutes.] Entomological News 15(10): 350 {Dec 1904}



Dombroskie, Jason J.

2011 A matrix key to families, subfamilies, and tribes of Lepidoptera of Canada. Canadian Journal of Arthropod Identification No. 17: 1-129 {Jul 2011}



Dominguez, Eduardo and Quentin D. Wheeler

1997 Taxonomic stability is ignorance. Cladistics 13(4): 367-372, 4 figs. {Dec 1997}



Donegan, Thomas M.

2008 New species and subspecies descriptions do not and should not always require a dead type specimen. Zootaxa 1761: 37-48 {2 May 2008}



Donoghue, Michael J. and Jacques A. Gauthier

2004 Implementing the PhyloCode. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19(6): 281-282 {June 2004}



Donovan, Edward

1800-04

An epitome of the natural history of the insects of India and the islands of the Indian Seas: Comprising upwards to two hundred and fifty figures and descriptions of the most singular and beautiful species, selected chiefly from those recently discovered, and which have not appeared in the works of any preceding author. The figures are accurately drawn, engraved, and coloured, from specimens of the insects; the descriptions are arranged according to the system of Linnaeus; with references to the writings of Fabricius, and other systematic authors. London; T. Bensley: 2 + [70] pp., 58 pls. [plates are dated]

1805 An epitome of the natural History of the insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite, and other islands in the Indian, Southern, and Pacific oceans; including figures and descriptions of one hundred and fifty-three species of the more splendid, beautiful, and interesting insects, hitherto discovered in those countries, and which for the most part have not appeared in the works of any preceding author. London; Author: iv + 41 cpls. and text + 2 pp. index {1805}



Donovan, Jennifer and J. Mark Scriber

2003 Why natural hybrids are hard to detect and verify: exemplified by a rare primary hybridization event between two tiger swallowtail butterfly species in northern Michigan. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 57(2): 25-35, 3 figs., 3 tbls. {9 May 2003}



Donzel, Hugo (Hugues) Fleury

1842 Description de deux lépidoptères nouveaux recueillis en Barbarie par le Capitaine Charlon. Annales de la Société entomologique de France [1]11(2): 197-199; pl. 8, 2 figs. {Oct 1842}



Dornfeld, Ernst John

1967 On the yellow forms of Coenonympha tullia (Satyridae) in Oregon. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(1): 1-7 {21 Feb 1967}



Dorp, Karen van

2004 Molecular systematics of Lycaena F., 1807 (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) - Some preliminary results. Proceedings of the Netherlands entomological Society Meeting 15: 65-70, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {2004}



dos Passos, Cyril Franklin

1935 Some butterflies of southern newfoundland with descriptions of new subspecies (Lepid. Rhopal.). Canadian Entomologist 67(4): 82-88 {Apr, 4 May 1935}

1938a Some new subspecies of North American Lycaenidae. Canadian Entomologist 70(3): 45-48, 1 pl. {Mar, 2 Apr 1938}

1938b Synonymic notes on Aglais milberti (Godart) with the description of a new subspecies. (Lepidoptera-Nymphalidae). Canadian Entomologist 70(4): 72-73, pl. 4 {Apr, 14 May 1938}

1938c The types of Lepidoptera described by J. D. Gunder. American Museum Novitates (999): 1-16. {26 Jul 1938}

1938d A new race of Euphydryas chalcedona Dbldy & Hew. from Arizona (Rhopalocera-Nymphalidae). Canadian Entomologist 70(10): 199-200, 1 pl. {Oct, 5 Nov 1938}

1938e A new race of Basilarchia archippus Cramer from Louisiana (Rhopalocera-Nymphalidae). Canadian Entomologist 70(12): 243, 1 pl. {31 Dec 1938}

1939 A catalogue of the original descriptions of the Rhopalocera found north of the Mexican border. Part Two: The Satyridae. Bulletin of the Cheyenne Mountain Museum 1(2): S1--S14 {20 Apr 1939}

1940a A new subspecies of Erora laeta Edwards from Arizona and New Mexico (Rhopalocera: Lycaenidae). American Museum Novitates (1052): 1-2. {15 Mar 1940}

1940b A new subspecies of Erebia discoidalis Kirby (Rhopalocera: Satyridae). American Museum Novitates (1053): 1-2. {22 Mar 1940}

1940c A new species of Incisalia from California (Rhopalocera-Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 72(8): 167-168 {31 Aug 1940}

1940d On the occurence of Papilio polydamas Linnaeus within the United States. Canadian Entomologist 72(9): 188 {30 Sep 1940}

1943a Some new subspecies of Incisalia from North America (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). American Museum Novitates (1230): 1-5. {1 Jun 1943}

1943b A new riodinid record. Canadian Entomologist 75(6): 108 {Jun, 23 Jul 1943}

1947a Notes on Grinnell's types of Erynnis Schrank (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). American Museum Novitates (1337): 1-3. {24 Feb 1947}

1947b Erebia youngi Holland, its subspecies and distribution (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). American Museum Novitates (1348): 1-4. {14 Jul 1947}

1949a New butterflies from Mount McKinley National Park, Alaska, with a review of Erebia rossii (Rhopalocera, Satyridae). American Museum Novitates (1389): 1-17, 28 figs. {6 Jan 1949}

1949b The distribution of Oeneis taygete in North America with descriptions of new subspecies (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). American Museum Novitates (1399): 1-21, 16 figs. {26 Jan 1949}

1949c Notes on two Incisalia types (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 81(7): 180-181 {Jul, 15 Oct 1949}

1951 The entomological reminiscences of William Henry Edwards. Journal of the New York entomological Society 59(3): 129-186 {Sep, 23 Aug 1951}

1956 A bibliography of general catalogues and check lists of nearctic Rhopalocera. Lepidopterists' News 10(1/2): 29-34 {10 Aug 1956}

1957 Additions and corrections to "A bibliography of general catalogues and check lists of nearctic Rhopalocera." Lepidopterists' News 10(6): 213-214 {1956, 21 Jun 1957}

1958 The satyrid butterflies of northwestern North America (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Proceedings of the International Congress of Entomology 10(Montreal 1956)1: 673-681 {Dec. 1958}

1959a The dates and authorship of the names proposed in volume 9 of Encyclopédie Méthodique by Godart and Latreille, 1819-[1824]. Lepidopterists' News 12(3/4): 119-120 {1958, 26 Jan 1959}

1959b The dates and authorship to be ascribed to the generic and specific names proposed by Boisduval and Leconte and by Leconte alone in the Lépidoptères de l'Amerique Septentrionale, 1829-1833-[1834]. Lepidopterists' News 12(3/4): 121-122 {1958, 26 Jan 1959}

1959c The authorship of the names proposed in the Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia (1797). Lepidopterists' News 12(5/6): 191-192 {1958, 30 Apr 1959}

1959d The authorship and dates of publication of the names of some Rhopalocera proposed in the Reise der Oesterreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair, 1864-1867-[1875]. Lepidopterists' News 12(5/6): 193-194 {1958, 30 Apr 1959}

1959e The dates and authorship of some names proposed by Cramer and Stoll in De Uitlandische Kappellen Voorkomende in de drie Waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America, and by Stoll alone in Aanhangsel van het Werk, de Uitlandische Kappellen, Voorkomende in de drie Waereld-deelen Asia, Africa en America, door den Heere Pieter Cramer [1775]-1791. Lepidopterists' News 12(5/6): 195-198 {1958, 30 Apr 1959}

1960a Further notes on the dates of publication of some generic and specific names proposed by Boisduval and Leconte in the Lépidoptères de l'Amerique Septentrionale, 1829-1833-[1834]. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 13(4): 212 {1959, 1 Aug 1960}

1960b Taxonomic notes on some nearctic Rhopalocera, 1. Hesperioidea. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 14(1): 24-36 {15 Dec 1960}

1962a The dates of publication of the Histoire Générale et Iconographie des Lépidoptères et des Chenilles de l'Amerique Septentrionale, by Boisduval and Le Conte 1829-1833[-1834]. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 4(1): 48-56 {Jan 1962}

1962b Taxonomic notes on some nearctic Rhopalocera, 2. Papilionoidea. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 15(4): 209-225 {19 Jun 1962}

1962c The authorship of three scientific names of nearctic Lepidoptera variously credited to Boisduval or Lucas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 16(1): 45-46 {30 Aug 1962}

1963 Supplemental notes to previous taxonomic notes on some nearctic Rhopalocera. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 17(2): 103-104 {8 Nov 1963}

1964 A synonymic list of the nearctic Rhopalocera. Memoir. The Lepidopterists' Society 1: v + 145 pp. {Feb 1964}

1965a Peale's Lepidoptera Americana (1833). Journal of the New York entomological Society 73(1): 18-26, 5 figs. {19 Apr 1965}

1965b Review of the nearctic species of Pieris "napi" as classified by androconial scales and description of a new seasonal form (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 73(3): 135-137 {[17] Sep 1965}

1967 In: F. M. Brown, The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part III, Nymphalinae, Limenitidinae, Apaturinae and Charaxinae. Transactions of the american entomological Society 93(3): 319-393 {28 Sep 1967}

1969a A revised synonymic list of the nearctic Melitaeinae with taxonomic notes (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(2): 115-125 {29 May 1969}

1969b A name for Polygonia satyrus marsyas auctorum (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the american entomological Society 95(1): 153-159, 2 figs. {Mar, 6 Jun 1969}

1969c Lethe eurydice (Johansson) and L. fumosus (Leussler), sibling species (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 77(2): 117-122 {Jun, 24 Oct 1969}

1970 A revised synonymic catalogue with taxonomic notes on some Nearctic Lycaenidae. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(1): 26-38 {26 Mar 1970}

1972 Designation of a lectotype for Erebia youngi Holland. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 84(10): 238-241, 4 figs. {[15] Oct 1972}

1973 The correct name for the subspecies of Limenitis weidemeyerii occuring in Arizona (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 12(1): 21-24 {Mar [18 Dec] 1973 }

[1977]a A note on Oeneis jutta harperi, its author and date of publication (Satyridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(4): 211-213 {Dec. 1976 [Apr. 1977]}

1977b A taxonomic note on Polygonia faunus arcticus Leussler (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 53(3): 179-180 {Jul, 28 Nov 1977}

1978 Correction-Note on Polygonia faunus arcticus Leussler (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 54(1): 42 {Jan, 26 Apr 1978}



dos Passos, Cyril Franklin and Lionel Paul Grey

1942 Two new North American subspecies of Argynnis, with some revisional notes (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates (1214): 1-6, 1 fig. {8 Dec 1942}

1945a A genitalic survey of Argynninae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates (1296): 1-29, 54 figs. {14 Sep 1945}

1945b A new species and some new subspecies of Speyeria (Lepidoptera, Nymphalinae). Americqn Museum Novitates (1297): 17 pp., 30 figs. {14 Sep 1945}

1947 Systematic catalogue of Speyeria (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) with designation of types and fixations of type localities. American Museum Novitates (1370): 1-30. {12 Dec 1947}

1957 A new name for Argynnis lais Edwards (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Journal of the New York entomological Society. 63: 95-96 {1955, [8 Mar 1957]}

1965 Notes on certain lectotypes and neotypes designated by the authors in their systematic catalogue of Speyeria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the american entomological Society 91(3): 357-358 {Sep, 30 Sep 1965}



dos Passos, Cyril Franklin and Alexander Barrett Klots

1969 The systematics of Anthocharis midea Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Entomologica Americana 45(1/2): 1-34, 11 figs., 1 tbl. {29 Dec 1969}



Doubleday, Edward

1841 Description of a new North American Polyommatus. Entomologist 1(14): 209-211 {Dec 1841}

1844 Descriptions of some new species of butterflies in the collection of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History [1]14(93): 415-421 {1 Dec 1844}

1845a Remarks on the genus Argynnis of the "Encyclopedie Methodique." Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London 1(24): 233-235 {6 May 1845}

1845b Remarks on the genus Argynnis of the "Encyclopedie Methodique", especially in regard to its subdivision by means of characters drawn from the neuration of the wings. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 19(4): 477-485, pl. 42 {[5 Nov] 1845}

1845c List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part I. London; Edward Newman/British Museum: v + 150 pp. {[21 Dec] 1845)

1845d XIX.--Descriptions of some new or imperfectly described diurnal Lepidoptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History [1]16(104): 176-182 {1 Sep 1845}

1846a Descriptions of some new or imperfectly described Diurnal Lepidoptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History [1]17(109): 22-26 {1 Jan 1846}

1846b Descriptions of new or imperfectly described diurnal Lepidoptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History [1]18(121): 371-376 {1 Dec 1846}

1846-52

The genera of diurnal Lepidoptera, comprising their generic characters, a notice of their habits and transformations, and a catalogue of the species of each genus; illustrated with 86 plates by W. C. Hewitson. London; Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans: xii + ii + 534 pp.; 86 pls. 2 vols. in 54 parts.

1847a Descriptions of new or imperfectly described diurnal Lepidoptera. Annals and Magazine of Natural History [1]19(125): 173-176 {1 Mar 1847}

1847b List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part II. London; Edward Newman/British Museum, : ii + 57 pp. {17 Apr 1847}

1848 List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Appendix. London; Spottiswoode & Shaw/British Museum: ii + 38 pp.; Introduction by John Edward Gray. {[27] Dec 1848}



Doubleday, Henry

1859 The zoologist's synonymic list of British butterflies and moths, the arrangement and nomenclature by M. Guenée. (ed. 2). London; Newman, : 40 pp. (one side) + 40 pp. (both sides)



Doudoroff, Michael

1930 A new aberration of Euchloe ausonides. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 6(3): 143; fig. {Jan, [15 Mar] 1930}

1935 Notes on two local butterflies. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 11(3): 144 {Jul, [8 Oct] 1935}

1937 Notes on Californian Euphydryas species (Lepid.: Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 69(5): 117-119 {May 1937}



Douwes, Per and Bo Stille

1988 Selective versus stochastic processes in the genetic differentiation of populations of the butterfly Erebia embla (Thnbg) (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). Hereditas 109(1): 37-43 {Sep 1988}



Dover, Gabby

1995 A species definition: a functional approach. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10(I2): 489-490 {December 1995}



Downes, J. A. and D.H. Kavanaugh

1988 Origins of the North American insect fauna. Introduction and commentary. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada 120(Supplement S144): 1-11 {Jan 1988}



Downey, John Charles

1970 In: F. M. Brown, The types of the lycaenid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards. Part III. Plebejinae. (With four neotypes established by John C. Downey.). Transactions of the american entomological Society 96(3): 353-433 {Sep, 17 Nov 1970}



Downey, John Charles and W. H. Lange

1956 Analysis of variation in a recently extinct polymorphic lycaenid butterfly Glaucopsyche xerces (Bdv.), with notes on its biology. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 55(3): 153-170, pls. 36, 37, 6 figs. 1 tbl. {Sep-Dec, 31 Dec 1956}



Downey, Michelle H. and Chris C. Nice

2011 Experimental evidence of host race formation in Mitoura butterflies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Oikos 120(8): 1165-1174, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {Aug, online 18 Feb 2011}



Doyère, Louis

1837-40

Le dixième ordre des Insectes, celui des Lépidoptères (Lepidoptera.-Glossata Fabricius). Pls. 131-141, 139 bis, in Les Insectes, vol. 1. In: G. Cuvier, 1836-1849, Le Règne Animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux, et d'Introduction á l'anatomie comparée. Paris; Crochard et Cie. (3): pl. 135 {May 1837}, (4): pl. 131 {Aug 1837}, (5): pl. 132 {Dec 1837}, (6): pl. 134 {Mar 1838}, (7): pl. 140 {May 1838}, (8): pls. 136-137 {Mar 1839}, (9): pls. 133, 141 {Aug 1839}, (10): pls. 138-139, 139 bis {Aug 1840} [3rd. (Disciples) Ed.]



Draeseke, Johannes

1936 Lycaenidae I. Lepidopterorum Catalogus Pars 72: 1-48 pp.



Draudt, Max Wilhelm Karl

1916-22

Familie: Lycaenidae. In: Seitz, A. (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Stuttgart, Alfred Kernen. 5(246): pl. 146 {31 May 1916}; (251): pl. 147 {7 Oct 1916}; (258): pl. 148 {30 Mar 1917}; (259): pl. 149 {16 Jun 1916}; (260): pl. 150 {5 Jul 1917}; (265): pl. 151 {[13 May 1918]}; (268): 744, pl. 152; (281): 745-768 {24 Nov 1919|; (281): 753-768 {6 Dec 1919}; (282): 769-776 {12 Jan 1920}; (283): 777-800 {3 Feb 1920}; (285): 801-808 {3 Feb 1920}; (287): pls. 153, 154 {28 Oct 1920}; (288): 809-816, pls. 155, 156 {10 Dec 1920}; (289): 817-824, pls. 157, 158 {11 Jan 1921}; (294): 825-831 {24 Jan 1921}; (300): pls.145, 159 {30 Nov 1921}; (307): pl. 144 {10 Apr 1922}

1920-24

Grypocera, breitköpfige Tagfalter. In: A.Seitz (Ed.)., Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Stuttgart, Alfred Kernen. 5(285): pl. 162 {3 Feb 1920}; (294): pl. 160 {24 Jan 1921}; (295): 836-848, pls. 163, 164 {19 Apr 1921}; (300): 849-856 {30 Nov 1921}; (307): 857-864, pl. 161 {10 Apr 1922}; (309): 865-872, pls. 165, 166 {10 Apr 1922}; (312): 873-880, pls. 167, 168 {26 Aug 1922}; (313): 881-888, pls. 169, 170 {23 Sep 1922}; (321): 889-904, pl. 171 {21 Nov 1922}; (324): 905-912, pl. 191 {8 Feb [1923]}; (328): 913-920, pls. 172, 175 {23 May 1923}; (329): 921-928, pls. 172, 175 {23May 1923}; (332): 929-936, pls. 173, 178 {23 May 1923}; (333): 937-944, pls. 179, 180 {23 May 1923}; (334): 945-960, pl. 181 {23 May 1923}; (335): 961-968, pls. 183-184 {9 Jul 1923}; (336): 969-984, pl. 190 {9 Jul 1923}; (338): 985-992, pls. 182, 185 {9 Jul 1923}; (339): 993-1000, pls. 186, 187 {29 Dec 1923}; (343): 1001-1008 {30 Jan 1924}; (341): 1009-1011, pls. 188, 189 {21 Jan 1924}

1924 Nachträge: Lycaenidae - Nachträge: Hesperidae. In: Seitz, A. (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Stuttgart, Alfred Kernen. 5(344): pl. 192 {21 Jan 1924}; (345): 1043-1048. pl. 191 {29 Feb 1924}, 1049-1055 {6 Feb 1924}

1931 Neue mexicanische Tagfalterformen. Entomologische Rundschau 48(9): 103-104 {1 May 1931}



Drès, Michele and James Mallet

2002 Host races in plant-feeding insects and their importance in sympatric speciation. Philosophical Transactions of the royal Society of London (B) 357(1420): 471-492, 1 tbl. {29, online 22 Apr 2002}



Druce, Hamilton Herbert Charles James

1890 Descriptions of seven new species of Thecla. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 26(313): 151-152 {Jun 1890}

1905a Notes on the synonymy of Thecla spurina, Hew., and Thecla ericusa, Hew. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)15(86): 194-196 {Feb, [31 Jan] 1905}

1905b Descriptions of two new species of diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the subfamily Nymphalinae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)16(95): 549-551 {1 Nov 1905}

1907 On Neotropical Lycaenidae, with descriptions of new species. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1907(3): 566-632, pls. 31-36 {18 Jun [9 Oct] 1907}

1909 On some new and little-known Neotropical Lycaenidae. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1909(3): 431-438, pl. 11 {20 Sep 1909}

1912 Descriptions of new exotic Lycaenidae and Hesperiidae. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 48(577): 128-132, 1 fig. {Jun 1912}



Druce, Herbert

1877 A revision of the lepidopterous genus Paphia. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1877(3): 632-652, pls. 61-64 {19 Jun [Oct] 1877}

1896-1900

[Genera Acentrocneme and Megathymus]. In: F. D. Godman and O. Salvin (Eds.), Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Heterocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 vols.; 1: xi {Mar 1900}; 2: 319-320 {Oct 1896}; 3: pl. 69 {Oct 1896}



Drummond, Boyce A., III and Keith Spalding Brown, Jr.

1987 Ithomiinae (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae): summary of known larval foodplants. Annals of the Missouri botanical Garden 74(2): 341-358, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {15 Jun [29 Sep] 1987}



Drury, Dru

1770-82

Illustrations of Natural History. Wherein are exhibited upwards of two hundred and forty figures of Exotic Insects, according to their different genera; very few of which have hitherto been figured by any author, being engraved and coloured from nature, with the greatest accuracy, and under the author's own inspection on fifty copper-plates; with a particular description of each insect: interpersed with remarks and reflections on the nature and properties of many of them. To which is added a translation into French. London; B. White 1: xxvii + 130 + [2] pp.; 50 + 1 pls., 4 figs. ([23 Apr] 1770}; 1(index): xiii pp.; 2: vii + 90 + [4] pp.; 50 pls. {[14 May] 1773}; 3: xxviii + 76 + [2] pp.; 50 pls. {[22 Jul] 1782}



Duarte, Marcelo

2006 Morfologia externa do adulto de Hemiargus hanno (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae, Polyommatini). II. Região cervical, tórax e abdome. Iheringia, Série Zoologia 97(2): 194-206, 43 figs. {30 Jun 2006}



Duarte, Marcelo, Gisele Luziane de Almeida, Mirna Martins Casagrande and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke

2007 Notes on the last instar larva and pupa of Hemiargus hanno (Stoll) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae). Revista brasileira de Zoologia 18(4): 1097-1105 {Dec 2007}



Duarte, Marcelo, Mirna Martins Casagrande and Olaf Hermann Hendrik Mielke

2001 Morfologia externa do adulto de Hemiargus hanno (Stoll) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Polyommatinae, Polyommatini). I. Cabeça. Revista brasileira de Zoologia 18(1): 225-238, 14 figs. {Mar 2001}



Duarte, Marcelo and Robert K. Robbins

2010 Description and phylogenetic analysis of the Calycopidina (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae, Theclinae, Eumaeini): a subtribe of detritivores. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 54(1): 45-65, 61 figs., 2 tbls. {Mar 2010}



Dubatolov, Vladimir Viktorovich [, ]

1992 Nymphalidae Satyridae (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) . 1992(6): 40-45, . {1992} [New subspecies of nymphalid and satyrid butterflies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) from Yakutia. Journal of Zoology]

2003 The type specimens of two little known species of Erebia (Lepidoptera, Satyridae) from North-East Siberia. Euroasian Entomological Journal 1(2): 143-146, 10 figs. {2002 [Jan 2003]}



Dubatolov, Vladimir Viktorovich and Yurii Petrovich Korshunov [, ]

1984 (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera) . . 51-57 : . (. .), . (17): 1-129. : "" .: . 128, . {1984} [New data on the taxonomy of the butterflies of the U.S.S.R. (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Arthropods and Worms (New and poorly known species of the Siberian fauna. Novosibirsk; "Science", Siberian dept.]



Dubatolov, Vladimir Viktorovich and Oleg E. Kosterin [, . . ]

1994 A new subspecies of the Euchloe ausonia Hübner species group from the highlands of the Dzhungarian Alatau (east Kazakhstan) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Atalanta (München) 25(3/4): 513-520, 2 figs. {Dec 1994}

2010 (Clossiana matveevi P. Gorbunov et Korshunov, 1995)? /Amurian zoological journal 2 (2): 184-188, 1 {2010} [What is Matveev's Fritillary (Clossiana matveevi P. Gorbunov et Korshunov, 1995)?]



Dubatolov, Vladimir Viktorovich, A. N. Strel'tsov, Mikhail Georgievich Sergeev and Vladimir A. Lukhtanov [, , . . , . ]

2005 171.2. 79. . Satyridae-. . 234-286, .: . ( ), . . 5. . 5. ; : 1-574 ., 292 . [171.2. 79. Fam. Satyridae. In: P. Ler (general ed.), Key to the insects of Russian Far East. Vol. V. Trichoptera and Lepidoptera. Pt 5. Vladivostok; Dal'nauka]



Dubois, Alain

2005a Proposed Rules for the incorporation of nomina of higher-ranked zoological taxa in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 1. Some general questions, concepts and terms of biological nomenclature. Zoosystema 27 (2) : 365-426, 3 figs. {30 Jun 2005}

2005b Proposals for the incorporation of nomina of higher-ranked taxa into the Code. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 62(4): 200-209 (Dec 2005}

2006a Proposed Rules for the incorporation of nomina of higher-ranked zoological taxa in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. 2. The proposed Rules and their rationale. Zoosystema 28 (1) : 165-258, 6 figs., 7 tbls. {31 Mar 2006}

2006b New proposals for naming lower-ranked taxa within the frame of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Comptes Rendus Biologies 329(10): 823-840 {Oct 2006}

2007a Phylogeny, taxonomy and nomenclature: the problem of taxonomic categories and of nomenclatural ranks. Zootaxa 1519: 27-68, 2 pls. {2 Jul 2007}

2007b Naming taxa from cladograms: some confusions, misleading statements, and necessary clarifications. Cladistics 23(4): 390-402 {Aug 2007}

2008 Phylogenetic hypotheses, taxa and nomina in zoology. Pp. 51-86, in: A. Minelli, L. Bonato and G. Fusco (Eds), Updating the linnaean heritage: Names as tools for thinking about animals and plants. Zootaxa 1950: 1-163 {5 Dec 2008}

2009 Endangered species and endangered knowledge. Zootaxa 2201: 26-29 {18 Aug 2009}

2010a Nomenclatural rules in zoology as a potential threat against natural history museums Organisms Diversity & Evolution 10(1): 81-90 {10 Mar 2010}

2010b Retroactive changes should be introduced in the Code only with great care: problems related to the spellings of nomina. Zootaxa 2426: 1-42 {14 Apr 2010}

2010c Taxonomy in the century of extinctions: Taxonomic gap, taxonomic impediment, taxonomic urgency. Taprobanica 2(1): 1-5 {Apr 2010}

2010d Zoological nomenclature in the century of extinctions: priority vs. 'usage.' Organisms Diversity & Evolution 10(3): 259-274 {2010}

2011 The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature must be drastically improved before it is too late. Bionomina 2: 1-104, 6 figs. {18 Feb 2011}



Dufrane, Abel

1939 Lycaenidae. Bulletin et Annales de la Société royale entomologique de Belgique 79(7/8): 289-292 {28 August 1939}

1946 Papilionidae. Bulletin et Annales de la Société royale entomologique de Belgique 82(5/6): 101-122 {26 Jul 1946}

1947 Pieridae. Bulletin et Annales de la Société royale entomologique de Belgique 83(1/2): 46-73 {28 Feb 1947}



Duméril, André Marie Constant

1806 Zoologie analytique, ou méthode naturelle de classification des animaux, rendue plus facile à l'aide de tableaux synoptiques. Paris; Allais, : xxxii + 344 pp. {1805}



Duncan, F. Martin

1937 On the dates of publication of the society's 'Proceedings,' 1859-1926. With an appendix containing the dates of publication of 'Proceedings,' 1830-1858, compiled by the late F. H. Waterhouse, and of the 'Transactions,' 1833-1869, by the late Henry Peavot, originally published in P. Z. S. 1893, 1913. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 107(1): 71-84 {Apr 1937}



Dunford, James C.

2007 The genus Speyeria and the Speyeria atlantis/Speyeria hesperis complex: Species and subspecies accounts, systematics, and biogeography (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Florida; Gainesville, Florida. 245 p. {2007}

2009 Taxonomic overview of the greater fritillary genus Speyeria Scudder and the atlantis - hesperis species complexes, with species accounts, type images, and relevant literature (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insecta Mundi 90: 1-74, 52 figs. {26 Sep 2009}



Dunford, James C. and George T. Austin

2007 Nomenclatural faux pas for Speyeria atlantis greyi Moeck, 1950 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Insecta Mundi 0017: 1-4, 4 figs. {2 Nov 2007}



Dunn, Kelvyn Lawrence and Lawrence E. Dunn

1991 Review of Australian butterflies: Distribution, life history, and taxonomy. Part. 3, Family Lycaenidae. Bayswater, Vict.; Authors; part. 3, Family Lycaenidae: iii + 336-512 pp., maps. {1991}



Dunn, Rob R.

2009 Every living thing: Man's obsessive quest to catalog life, from nanobacteria to new monkeys. New York; Collins; preface by E.O. Wilson: : xiv + 272 pp. {2009}



[Dunning, Joseph William and Octavius Pickard]

1859 An accentuated list of the British Lepidoptera with hints on the derivation of the names; published by the Entomological Society of Oxford and Cambridge. London; Van Voorst: 44 + 118 pp. {"1858", [13 Jan 1859]}



Duponchel, Philogene Auguste Joseph

1832-5 Diurnes. Supplément aux tomes premiere et deuxième. In: Godart, Histoire naturelle des lépidoptères ou papillons de France; ouvrage basé sur la méthode de M. Latreille, avec des figures de chaque espèce, dessinées et coloriées d'apres nature par P. Duménil. Paris; Mequignon-Marvis, Suppl. 1(Diurnes): 467 pp.; 50 pls.; 25 livraisons

1844-6 Catalogue méthodique des lépidoptères d'Europe distribues en familles, tribus et genres avec l'expose des caracteres sur lesquels ces divisions sont fondees, et l'indication des lieux et des epoques ou l'on trouve chaque espece, pour servir de complement et de rectification a l'histoire naturelle des lepidopteres de France, devenue celle des lepidopteres d'Europe par les supplemens qu'on y a ajoutes. Paris; Mequinon-Marvis fils: xxx + 1 + 523 pp., 75-90 cpls.; 1-64, {1844}; 65-296 {1845}; 297-523 {1846}



Duran, Victor and Fordyce Grinnell, Jr.

1915 Three Synchloes, their differences and relations (Lep.). Entomological News 26(4): 173-174 {Apr [31 Mar] 1915}



d'Urban, William Stewart M.

1860a Observations on the natural history of the valley of the River Rouge, and the surrounding townships in the counties of Argenteuil and Ottawa. Canadian Naturalist and Geologist 5(2): 81-99 {Apr 1860}

1860b A systematic list of Lepidoptera collected in the vicinity of Montreal. Canadian Naturalist and Geologist 5(4): 241-266 {Aug 1860}



Durden, Christopher J.

1982 The butterfly fauna of Barton Creek Canyon on the Balcones Fault Zone, Austin, Texas, and a regional list. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 36(1): 1-17 {16 Jun 1982}

*1990 Guide to butterflies of Austin. Texola 6: 109 pp. Texas Botanical Garden Society, Austin. {3 May 1990; reprinted 17 Apr 1991, reprinted 28 Mar 1993}



Durrant, John Hartley

1918 Collation of the correlated genera of the Tentamen and Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge of Jacob Hübner. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 30(8/9) (suppl.): i-iv, 1-31 {15 Nov-15 Dec 1918}

1928 Collation of the correlated genera of the Tentamen and Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge of Jacob Hübner. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 40(4)(suppl.): 33-34 {15 Apr 1928}



Dyar, Harrison Gray

1890 Two species of Lepidoptera new to our lists. Entomological News 1(7): 105-106 {Sep 1890}

1902 [Meeting:] November 14, 1901. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 5(1): 39-42 {3 Jan-13 Feb, 17 May 1902}

1903a A list of North American Lepidoptera and key to the literature of this order of insects. Bulletin of the United States National Museum (52): xix + 723 pp. {1902, [13 Jan 1903]}

1903b Synopsis of the North American species of Erebia. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 5(2): 129-130 {14 Feb 1903}

1903c Synopsis of the North American species of Brenthis. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 5(2): 130-131 {14 Feb 1903}

1903d New North American Lepidoptera with notes on larvae. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 5(4): 290-298 {19 Feb-2 Apr, 15 Jun 1903}

1904a New species of North American Lepidoptera and a new limacodid larva. Journal of the New York entomological Society 12(1): 39-44 {Mar 1904}

1904b Additions to the list of North American Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 6(2): 103-119 {Apr, [21 May] 1904}

1904c The Lepidoptera of the Kootenai District of British Columbia. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 27(1376): 779-938 {7 Jun 1904}

1904d Two new forms of Oeneis Huebner. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 6(3): 142 {Jul 1904}

1905 A review of the Hesperiidae of the United States. Journal of the New York entomological Society 13(3): 111-141 {Sep 1905}

1907 Descriptions of new American Lepidoptera. Journal of the New York entomological Society 15(1): 50-53 {Mar 1907}

1912 Descriptions of new species and genera of Lepidoptera, chiefly from Mexico. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 42(1885): 39-106 {6 Mar 1912}

1913a Descriptions of new Lepidoptera, chiefly from Mexico. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 44(1951): 279-324 {11 Feb 1913}

1913b Results of the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911. Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 45(2006): 627-649 {22 Jul 1913}

1914a Four new Lepidoptera from British Guiana. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 2(1): 4-6 {31 Jan 1914}

1914b Report on the Lepidoptera of the Smithsonian Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 47(2050): 139-350 {20 May 1914}

1914c Descriptions of new species and genera of Lepidoptera from Mexico. Proceedings of the United States national Museum 47(2054): 365-409 {24 Oct 1914}

1914d Lepidoptera of the Yale Dominican Expedition of 1913. Proceedings of the United States national Museum 47(2056): 423-426 {24 Oct 1914}

1916 Descriptions of new Lepidoptera from Mexico. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 51(2139): 1-37 {16 Oct 1916}

1917 Miscellaneous new American Lepidoptera. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 5(4/6): 65-69 {2 Jun 1917}

1918 Descriptions of New Lepidoptera from Mexico. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 54(2239): 335-372 {5 Apr 1918}

1924 New Lepidoptera from Mexico and one from Argentina. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 12(1-3): 15-21 {Jan-Mar, 2 Jan 1924}

1926 New Lepidoptera from Mexico-I. Insecutor Inscitiae Menstruus 14(7-9): 140-148 {Jul-Sep, 8 Nov 1926}



--E--



Eanes, Walter F. and Richard K. Koehn

1978 An analysis of genetic structure in the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus L. Evolution 32(4): 784-797 {Dec 1978}



Eastwood, Rod, Sarah Lyn Boycea and Brian D. Farrella

2006 The provenance of Old World swallowtail butterflies, Papilio demoleus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), recently discovered in the New World. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(1):164-168, 1 fig. {Jan 2006}



Eaton, Theodore Hildreth, Jr.

1932 A review of some genera of Hesperiinae (Hesperiidae, Lepidoptera). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 25(1): 18-29, 2 pls. {[31] Mar 1932}



Ebach, Malte C.

2011 Taxonomy and the DNA barcoding enterprise. Zootaxa 2742: 67-68 {17 Jan 2011}



Ebach, Malte C. and Marcelo R. de Carvalho

2010 Anti-intellectualism in the DNA barcoding enterprise. Zoologia (Curitiba) 27(2): 165-178, 1 fig. {Apr. 2010}



Ebach, Malte C. and Craig Holdrege

2005a DNA barcoding is no substitute for taxonomy. Nature 434(7034): 697 {7 Apr 2005}

2005b More taxonomy, not DNA barcoding. BioScience 55(10): 822-823 {Oct 2005}



Ebert, Heinz

1965 Uma coleção de borboletas (Lepid. Rhopal.) do Rio Amapari (Território do Amapá) com anotações taxonômicas sôbre Rhopalocera do Brasil. Papéis avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia. Secretaria da Agricultura (São Paulo) 18(9): 65-85, figs. {30 Aug 1965}



Ebner, James A. and Clifford D. Ferris

[1978] A new subspecies of Colias palaeno (Linnaeus) from Baffin Island, N.W.T., Canada (Pieridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16(3): 155-161, 10 figs. {Sep 1977 [May 1978]}



Eby, John, Thomas Linson, Arockiasamy Edward, Gabriel Melchias and Jeyapaul Antony Prabhu

2007 Concepts and questions DNA barcoding: the social frontier. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5(8): 437-442 {Oct 2007}

2011a DNA barcoding: A new-fangled global standard of taxonomical frontier - A review. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research and Review 1(4): 45-49, 2 figs. {Oct 2011}

2011b DNA barcoding: A new-fangled global standard of taxonomical frontier - A review. World Applied Sciences Journal 15(3): 304-315, 2 figs. {2011}



Eckert, Andrew J. and Bryan C. Carstens

2008 Does gene flow destroy phylogenetic signal? The performance of three methods for estimating species phylogenies in the presence of gene flow. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49(3): 832-842 {Dec, online 21 Sep 2008}



Eckert, C. G., K. E. Samis and S. C. Lougheed

2008 Genetic variation across species' geographical ranges: the central-marginal hypothesis and beyond. Molecular Ecology 17(5): 1170-1188, 2 figs,m 3 tbls., 3 boxes {Mar, online 21 Feb 2008}



Edwards, George

1743-51

A natural history of Birds. Most of which have not been figur'd or describ'd, and others very little known from obscure or too brief descriptions without figures, or from figures ill design'd. London; College of Physicians. vol. 1: xxiv + 52 pp., 52 pls. {1743}; vol. 2: viii + 53-105, append. 107-128, pls. 53-105 {1747}; vol. 3: iv + 129-157, pls. 106-157 {1750}; vol. 4: frontisp., [iv] + viii + 158-248, pls. 158-210 {1751}

1758-64

Gleanings of natural history exhibiting figures of quadrupeds, birds, insects, plants etc. London; Author; 4 volumes; 1: 1-108 pp., pls. 211-260 (1758); 2: 109-220 + 35 pp., pls. 261-310 (1760); 3: 221-347 + 7 pp., pls. 311-362 (1764)

1771 A catalogue of the animals and plants represented in Catesby's "Natural History of Carolina": With the linnean names. In: M. Catesby, The natural history of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands: Containing the figures of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents, insects, and plants: Particularly, those not hitherto described, or incorrectly figured by former authors, with their descriptions in English and French. To which is perfixed, a new and correct map of the countries; with observations on their natural state, inhabitants, and productions; to the whole is now added a linnæan index of the animals and plants. (2nd edition). London; Innys; 1: 44 + 100 pp., 100 pls.; 2: 100 pp., 100 pls.; Appendix: 20 pp., 20 pls. {1771}



Edwards, Henry

1874 Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 10: On a New species of Papilio from California. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences [1]5(27): 423-425 {Dec 1874}

1877a Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 21--Descriptions of two new species of the genus Thecla. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences [1]7(10): 143-145 {1877}

1877b Pacific Coast Lepidoptera.--No. 24.- Notes on the genus Colias, with descriptions of some apparently new forms. San Francisco; Edwards; 1-11 {5 Feb 1877}

1877c Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 22.- Notes on some diurnal Lepidoptera, with descriptions of new varieties. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences [1]7(12): 163-166; (13): 167-173 {9 Aug 1877}

1877d Pacific Coast Lepidoptera, No. 26. Description of two new forms of diurnals. San Francisco; Author: [1] {Dec 17 1877}

1880 Pacific Coast Lepidoptera. From the Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences. New York; Author; Nos. 1-30 (1873 to 1878); Nos. 23-30 were published only as separates. Vol. 7 of the Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences for 1876, San Francisco, 1877, was the last volume published in the First Series.: 142 + [3] pp., 3 pls.

1881a On two new forms of the genus Parnassius. Papilio 1(1): 2-4 {15 Jan 1881}

1881b On some apparently new forms of diurnal Lepidoptera. Papilio 1(4): 50-55 {26 Apr 1881}

1883 Callidryas fisheri, n. sp. or var. Papilio 3(2): 43 {Feb 1883}

1889 Bibliographical catalogue of the described transformations of North American Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the United States national Museum 35: 8 + [2] + 9-148 pp. {1889}



Edwards, William Henry

1861 Descriptions of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 13(6): 160-164 {Jul (preprint [Aug]); paper [27 Dec] 1861}

1862a Descriptions of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States, figured in Doubleday's Genera but undescribed. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 1(7): 221-224 {May-Jul, [Aug 12] 1862}

1862b Descriptions of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America. No. 2. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14(1/2): 54-58 {Feb (preprint [Mar]); paper [25 Apr] 1862}

1862c Descriptions of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America.- No. 3. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14(5): 221-226 {April (preprint [May]); paper [1 Aug] 1862}

1863a Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America, No. 1. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 2(1): 14-22; (2): pl. 1 {Mar (preprint [April]); paper [1 Jun] 1863}

1863b Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America, No. 2. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 2(2): 78-82 {Jul (preprint [early Aug]); paper [12 Oct] 1863}

1864a Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British North America. No. 3. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 2(4): 501-507 {Mar, preprint [Apr]; paper [9 May] 1864}

1864b Notes on the argynnides of California. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 3(3): 434-436 {Nov (preprint [Dec]) 1864; paper [7 Mar] 1865}

1865a Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America. No. 4. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 4(1): 201-204; pl. 1 {Jan (preprint [Feb]) paper [11 Apr] 1865}

1865b Description of a new species of Limenitis. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 5(1) 148 {Sep (preprint [Oct]); paper [7 Nov] 1865}

1866a On certain North American species of Satyrus. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 6(2): 195-200 {Sep (preprint [Nov]); 1866; paper [4 Mar 1867]}

1866b Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States and British America. No. 5. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 6(2): 200-208 {Oct (preprint [Nov]) 1866; paper [4 Mar 1867]}

1867 Descriptions of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 1(3): 286-288 {Oct (preprint [Nov]) 1867; paper [2 Feb 1868]}

1868a Description of a new hesperian. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(2): 122 {Aug (preprint [Sep]); 1868); paper [8 Feb 1869]}

1868b Notes on a remarkable variety of Papilio turnus, and descriptions of two species of Diurnal Lepidoptera. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(2): 207-210 {Oct (preprint [Oct]) 1868; paper [8 Feb 1869]}

1868-[1873]

The butterflies of North America [with colored drawings and descriptions]. Philadelphia: American Entomological Society 1: (1) ii, [63-76], pls. [20-24] (Apr [Jun] 1868), (2) [41-44, 77-80, 135-136], pls. [12, 13, 25, 26, 45] (Aug [Oct] 1868), (3) [81-84, 127, 128, 141-144, 149-152], pls. [27, 28, 41, 47, 49] (Dec 1868 [May 1869]), (4) [45-52, 85, 86, 129, 130, 145-148], pls. [14, 15, 29, 42, 48] (Apr [Sep] 1869), (5) [53, 54, 87, 88, 99, 100, 131, 132, 153-156], pls. [16, 30, 35, 43, 50] (Dec 1869 [Apr 1870]), (6) [37, 38, 55, 56, 89-92, 133, 134], pls. [10, 17, 31, 32, 44] (Jun [Aug] 1870), (7) [17-20, 39, 40, 57, 58, 97, 98, 137-140] pls. [4, 11, 18, 34, 46] (Jan [Mar] 1871]), (8) [29-36, 93-96, 101-110], pls. [8, 9, 33, 36, 37] (Aug 1871), (9) [1-16, 111-120], pls. [1, 2, 3, 38, 39] (Dec 1871 [Jan 1872]), (10) [21-28, 59-62, 121-126], pls. [5, 6, 7, 19, 40] (Jul [Sep] 1872), (Suppl.) t.p, [ii], [4 pp.], [73, 74, 85, 86, 157-164], pls. [20, 23, 29; all replacements] (1872 [Jan 1873])

1869a Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(3): 311-312 {Apr (preprint [May]); paper [8 Nov] 1869}

1869b Description of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(4): 369-376 {Sep (preprint [Oct]) 1869; paper [14 Mar 1870]}

1869-1873

Synopsis of North American butterflies. In: W. H. Edwards, The butterflies of North America [with colored drawings and descriptions]. Philadelphia: American Entomological Society 1: (3) [1]-4 (Dec 1868 [May 1869]), (4) 5-6 (Apr [Sep] 1869), (5) 5-6 (Dec 1869 [Apr 1870]), (6) 7-14 (Jun [Aug] 1870), (7) 15-22 (Jan [Mar] 1871), (8) 23-38 (Aug 1871), (10) 1-6, 9-12, 19, 20, 39-50 (Jul [Sep] 1872), (Suppl.) t.p., v, 51-52 (1872 [Jan 1873])

1870a Notes on Graptas c-aureum and interrogationis. Fab. Transactions of the american entomological Society 3(1): 1-9 {Jan (preprint [Feb]); paper 11 Jul 1870}

1870b Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 3(1): 10-22 {Jan (preprint [Feb]); paper [11Jul] 1870}

1870c Descriptions of new North American diurnal Lepidoptera. Transactions of the american entomological Society 3(2): 189-196 {Nov (preprint [Dec]) 1870; paper [30 Apr 1871]}

1871a Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 3(3/4): 205-216 {Jan (preprint [Feb]) 1871; paper [30 Apr 1872]}

1871b Descriptions of new species of North American butterflies. Transactions of the american entomological Society 3(3/4): 266-277 {Mar-Apr (preprint [Sep]) 1871; paper [30 Apr 1872]}

1872a List of species of butterflies collected by Campbell Carrington and William B. Logan, of the expedition, in 1871. Pp. 466-467, in: F. V. Hayden, Preliminary report of the United States Geological Survey of Montana and portions of adjacent Territories, being a fifth annual report of progress. Washington, D.C.; Government Printing Office: 538 pp. {[3 May] 1872}

1872b Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 4(1/2): 61-70 {Mar (preprint Mar or Apr) 1872; paper [8 Dec] 1872}

1872 Synopsis of North American butterflies. Philadelphia: American Entomological Society. vi + 52 pp. {1872}

1873a Some remarks on changes in names of certain butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 5(1): 8-10. {Jan 1873}

1873b Some remarks on entomological nomenclature. Canadian Entomologist 5(2): 21-36. {Feb 1873}

1873c On the identity of Grapta dryas with comma. Canadian Entomologist 5(10): 184 {15 Oct 1873}

1873d Descriptions of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 4(4): 343-348 {Mar (preprint [Apr]); paper [31 Dec] 1873}

1874a Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America. Transactions of the american entomological Society 5(1): 13-19 {Jan (preprint [Feb]) ; paper [9 Dec] 1874}

1874b Description of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America. Transactions of the american entomological Society 5(2): 103-111 {Oct (preprint [Nov]); paper [9 Dec] 1874}

1874c The butterflies of North America with colored drawings and descriptions. New York: Hurd & Houghton; first reprint of text for vol. 1: [ii] + [4] + [164] + vi + 52 pp, 50 pls. {1874}.

1874-1884

The butterflies of North America [with colored drawings and descriptions]. New York: Hurd & Houghton 2: (1) [1-4, 77-82, 137, 138, 275-278, 289-294], pls. [1, 16, 26, 43, 46] (May 1874), (2) [5, 6, 87-92, 141, 142, 183-188, 305-310], pls. [2, 18, 28, 33, 48] ([Oct] 1874), (3) [25-28, 131, 132, 231-244, 279-284, 311-314], pls. [6, 24, 38, 44, 49] ([Jun] 1875), (4) [33-38, 129, 130, 133-136, 151-160, 189-192], pls. [8, 23, 25, 30, 34] (Nov [Dec] 1875]), (5) [93-102, 139, 140, 143-150, 245-258], pls. [19, 20, 27, 29, 39] (Jul [Sep] 1876]), (6) [7-24, 51, 52, 259, 260], pls. [3-5, 12, 40] ([Dec] 1877); Boston: Houghton, Osgood & Co. (7) [43-46, 83-86, 103-116, 161-182], pls. [10, 17, 21, 31, 32] ([Dec] 1878), (8) [193-200, 201-220, 285-288], pls. [36, 36, 45] ([Dec] 1879]); Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. (9) [29-32, 39-42, 47-50], pls. [7, 9, 11] ([Oct] 1880), (10) [117-128, 261-274], pls. [22, 41, 42] ([Jun] 1882), (11) [67-76, 221-230, 295-304], pls. [15, 37, 47] ([Apr] 1883), (12) [53-66, 315-332], pls. [13, 50, 51] ([Jun] 1884), (13) t. p., [6 pp.], [333-338], pl. [14] (1885 [Jan 1885])

1876a Description of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera, found within the United States and British N. A. Transactions of the american entomological Society 5(3/4): 202-208 {Apr (preprint [May]) 1876; paper [20 Mar 1877]}

1876b Notes on entomological nomenclature, part 1. Canadian Entomologist, 8(3): 41-52. {Mar 1876}

1876c Notes on entomological nomenclature, part 2. Canadian Entomologist, 8(5): 81-94 {May 1876}

1876d. Notes on entomological nomenclature, part 2 [sic]. Canadian Entomologist, 8(6): 113-119. {Jun 1876}

[1877]a New species of diurnal Lepidoptera. Transactions of the american entomological Society 5(3/4): 289-292 {Dec 1876 (preprint [Jan 1877]); paper [20 Mar 1877]}

1877b Description of a new species of Pamphila from Colorado. Canadian Entomologist 9(2): 29-30 {[28] Feb 1877}

1877c Catalogue of the Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. Part 1. Diurnals. Transactions of the american entomological Society 6(1/2): 1-68 {Feb-Mar (preprint [Feb]); paper [1 Sep] 1877}

1877d Description of a new species of hesperian from Texas. Canadian Entomologist 9(3): 58-59 {[31] Mar 1877}

1877e Correspondence. Canadian Entomologist 9(6): 120 {Jun 1877}

1877f In: W. L. Carpenter, Lepidoptera of Big Horn Mountains. Field and Forest 3(3): 48 {Sep, [mid Oct] 1877}

1877g Description of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America. Field and Forest 3(5): 86-89 {Nov [23 Dec] 1877}

1877h Descriptions of new species of butterflies belonging to the N. American Fauna. Canadian Entomologist 9(10): 189-192 {[31] Oct 1877}

[1878]a Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found in North America. Field and Forest 3(6): 101-105 {Dec 1877, [Jan 1878]}

1878b Descriptions of new species of North America Lepidotera [sic]. Field and Forest 3(7/8): 115-119 {Jan-Feb 1878, [after 1 Mar] 1878}

1878c Descriptions of new species of North American Lepidoptera. Field and Forest 3(9): 142-144 {Mar [May?] 1878}

1879a Descriptions of new species of butterflies collected by Mr. H. K. Morrison, in Nevada, 1878; also, remarks on some errors of synonymy and arrangement. Canadian Entomologist 11(3): 49-56 {Mar 1879}

1879b Descriptions of new species of North American butterflies; also, notes upon certain species. Canadian Entomologist 11(5): 81-89 {May 1879}

1879c Description of a new species of Melitaea from Texas. Canadian Entomologist 11(6): 117-118 {Jun, [12 Sep] 1879}

1879d Notes upon the preparatory stages of certain species of butterflies. No. 1. Canadian Entomologist 11(7): 127-131 {2 Jul 1879}

1879e Description of a new species of Pamphila. Canadian Entomologist 11(12): 238-239 {[15] Dec 1879}

1879f The butterflies of North America. Boston; Houghton, Osgood & Co.; re-issue of vol. 1: [i], ii, [163], v, 52 pp., 50 pls. {1879}

1879g The butterflies of North America. Boston: Houghton, Osgood & Co.; second reprint of text for vol. 1: [ii] + [4] + [164] + vi + 52 pp, 50 pls. {1879}.

1880a On certain species of Satyrus. Canadian Entomologist 12(2): 21-32 {Feb 1880}; (3): 51-55 {Mar 1880}; (5): 90-94 {May 1880}; (6): l09-115 {Jun 1880}; (8): 147 {Aug 1880}

1880b Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. (Argynnis). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 2(10-11): 89-92 {Mar 1880}

1880c Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. (Argynnis). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(3): 23-24 {Jul 1880}

1880c Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. (Argynnis). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(4): 27-28 {Aug 1880}

1880d Description of a new species of Pamphila from Florida. Canadian Entomologist 12(11): 224-225 {[31] Nov 1880}

1880e Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. (Argynnis), Euptoieta, Doub., Melitaea, Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(8): 67-70 {Dec 1880}

1880f Description of a new species of Limenitis. Canadian Entomologist 12(12): 246-251 {Dec 1880; possibly as late as 11 Jan 1881}

1881a Correspondence. Concerning Chrysophanus nais, Edw. Canadian Entomologist 13(1): 17-18 {Jan 1881}

1881b Synoptic table of Lepidoptera. Melitaea, Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(9): 80-81 {Jan 1881}

1881c Capture of Diadema bolina, Linn., in Florida. Papilio 1(2): 30 {19 Feb 1881}

1881d Synoptic table of Lepidoptera. Melitaea, Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(11): 97-98 {Mar 1881}

1881e Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 9(1): 1-8 {Feb (preprint 11 Mar); paper [14 Oct] 1881}

1881f Notes on the species of Callidryas found within the United States. Transactions of the american entomological Society 9(1): 9-14 {Feb (preprint [Mar]); paper [14 Oct] 1881}

1881g Description of a new species of Chrysophanus. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 7: 69-70 {1879-1880, [29 Mar 1881]}

1881h Coenonympha elko. Canadian Entomologist 13(3): 57-58 {Mar 1881}

1881i Description of new species of butterflies, chiefly collected by Mr. Morrison in 1880. Papilio 1(4): 43-48 {26 Apr 1881}

1881j Synoptic table of Lepidoptera. Melitaea, Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 3(12): 97-98 {Apr 1881}

1881k Description of a new hesperian from Florida. Papilio 1(5): 78-79 {31 May 1881}

1881l On Pieris bryoniae Ochsenheimer, and its derivative forms in Europe and America. Papilio 1(6): 83-99, pls. 2, 3 {Jun 1881}

1881m Synoptic table of Lepidoptera. Melitaea, Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 4(2): 11-12 {Jun 1881}

1881n Errata et corrigenda. Papilio 1(11): 242-243 {Dec 1881}

1882a Description of species of butterflies taken in Arizona by Jacob Doll, 1881. Papilio 2(2): 19-29 {[15] Feb 1882}

1882b Description of two new species of N. American butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 14(1): 2-6 {Jan [21 Feb] 1882 from Can. Ent. 15: 138}

1882c Description of new species of butterflies found in the United States. Papilio 2(3): 45-49 {Mar 1882}

1882f On the american form of Papilio machaon. Papilio 2(5): 74-77 {May 1882}

1882g Synopsis of North American butterflies: revised and brought down to 1882. In: W. H. Edwards, The butterflies of North America [with colored drawings and descriptions]. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 2: (10) 1-8. {Jun 1882} (incomplete).

1882h Note on Papilio polydamas, Linn. Canadian Entomologist 14(6): 120 {Jul, [26 Jun] 1882}

1882i Description of a new species of Copaeodes. Canadian Entomologist 14(8): 152-153 {[18] Oct 1882}

1882j Papilio polydamas in Florida. Papilio 2(7): 122 {Sep 1882}

1882k Descriptions of new species of diurnal Lepidoptera taken by Mr. H. K. Morrison, at Fort Grant and in Graham Mountains, Arizona, 1882. Papilio 2(8): 136-143 {[28] Oct 1882}

1882l Description of a new species of Lycaena, from Newfoundland. Canadian Entomologist 14(10): 194-195 {Oct, 14 Dec 1882}

1882m Synoptic table of Lepidoptera. Melitaea, Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 5(7/8): 61-62 {Dec 1882}

1883a Two new species of Thanaos. Papilio 2(9/10): 179-180 {Nov-Dec 1882, 24 Jan 1883}

1883b Notes on the collection of butterflies made by Mr. H. K. Morrison, in Arizona, 1882. Papilio 3(1): 1-9 {Jan 1883}

1883c Synoptic table of Lepidoptera. Phyciodes, Doubl. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 5(9): 75-76 {Feb 1883}

1883d Descriptions of New Species of Diurnal Lepidoptera, found in British America and the United States. Canadian Entomologist 15(2): 32-36 {Feb, 18 Mar 1883}

1883e Newfoundland butterflies, collected by P. H. Gosse. "Notes on butterflies obtained at Carbonear Island, Newfoundland, 1832-1835. Canadian Entomologist 15(3): 43-44 {March 1883}

1883f Comments on Dr. Hagen's paper in Nov.-Dec. No. of Papilio, on Papilio machaon, etc. Papilio 3(3): 45-61, pl. 1 {Mar 1883}

1883g Notes on Lepidoptera. Localities of butterflies. Papilio 3(3): 65 {Mar 1883}

1883h Synopses of Butterflies. Phyciodes, Doubl. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 5(11): 85 {Mar 1883}

1883h Descriptions of new species of hesperians found in the United States. Papilio 3(4): 71-73 {[15] Apr 1883}

1883i On the polymorphism of Lycaena pseudargiolus, Boisd. Papilio 3(5/6): 85-97 {May-Jun, 10 Jul 1883}

1883k Description of a new species of Thecla from Florida. Canadian Entomologist 15(7): 136-137 {[31] Jul 1883}

1883l Notes on Dr. Speyer's Paper. Canadian Entomologist 15(8): 147-151 {August, [5 Sep] 1883}

1884a Descriptions of new species of North American butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 15(11): 209-211 {Nov 1883 [17 Jan 1884]}

1884b Notes on a small collection of butterflies, made in the Judith Mtns., Montana in 1883, by Wm. M. Courtis, M. E. Papilio 3(7-10): 157-164 {Sep-Dec 1883, [20 Feb 1884]}

1884c Description of Lycaena daedalus Behr, and correction of errors in its synonymy. Canadian Entomologist, 16(1): 2-5. {Jan [4 Mar] 1884}

1884d Comments on a paper entitled "The genus Colias," from Proc. Bost. Soc. N. H., Vol. XXII. Papilio 3(7-10): 169-185 {Sep-Dec 1883, [20 Feb 1884]}

1884e Notes upon Colias Christina Edw. and Colias Astraea. Papilio 4(2): 30-34 {Feb [15 Mar] 1884; cited in Papilio 4(3): 62}

1884f Descriptions of new species of butterflies mostly from Arizona. Papilio 4(3): 53-58 {[27] Mar 1884}

1884g List of species of the diurnal Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. Boston and New York; Houghton, Mifflin & Company: [16] pp. This list of species was issued separately with 16 unnumbered pages, but is often found bound at the back of The Butterflies of North America, series 2, with pages numbered [343-358]. Apparently either reference would be correct.

1884h A list of species of the diurnal Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. In: W. H. Edwards, The butterflies of North America [with colored drawings and descriptions]. Boston; Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 2: (12) [2 pp.], [12] pp. {Dec 1884}.

1884i A list of species of the diurnal Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. Boston; Houghton, Mifflin & Co. [2] + [12] pp. {1884}.

1885a Revised catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. Transactions of the american entomological Society 11(3/4): 245-338 {Jul-Nov 1884; preprint [15 Jan 1885]; paper [31 Mar 1885]

1885b Description of a new species of Chionobas from British America. Canadian Entomologist 17(4): 74-75 {April 1885}

1885c Miscellaneous notes on butterflies, habits, of larvae, etc. Canadian Entomologist 17(6): 108-114 {Jun 1885}

1885d On some historical errors. Papilio 4(9/10): 167-171 {Nov-Dec 1884, 13 Jul 1885}

1886 Description of new species of butterflies found in the United States. Canadian Entomologist 18(4): 61-65 {21 Apr 1886}

1887 History of the preparatory stages of Colias alexandra, Edw. Canadian Entomologist 19(12): 226-230 {Dec 1887}

1887-97

The butterflies of North America [with colored drawings and descriptions]. Boston & New York; Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 3: (1) [71-76, 91-94], pls. [7, 10, 11] ([Jan] 1887), (2) [77-82, 97-100, 205-212], pls. [8, 13, 27] ([Apr] 1887), (3) [95, 96, 129-134, 145-148], pls. [12, 18, 21] ([Sep] 1887), (4) [87-90, 135, 136, 219-224], pls. [9, 19, 29] (1887 [Jan 1888]), (5) [149-152, 185-192, 247-252], pls. [22, 25, 34] ([May] 1888), (6) [1, 2, 57-64, 213-218], pls. [1, 5, 28] (1888 [Jan 1889]), (7) [65-70, 245, 246, 253-256], pls. [6, 33, 35] ([Mar] 1889), (8) [3-6, 137-144, 153-174], pls. [2, 20, 23] ([Jun] 1889), (9) [101-108, 225-230, 257-266], pls. [14, 30, 36] ([Feb] 1890), (10) [109-114, 125-128, 193-204], pls. [15, 17, 26] ([Oct] 1890), (11) [125-184, 231-236, 277-290], pls. [24, 31, 38] ([Apr] 1891), (12) [7-14, 293-306], pls. [3, 40, 41] (1891 [Jan 1892]), (13) [291-292, 307-332], pls. [39, 42, 43] ([Dec] 1892), (14) [267-276, 333-340, 361-368], pls. [37, 44, 47] ([Nov] 1893), (15) [115-124, 341-360], pls. [16, 45, 46] ([Jul] 1894), (16) [35-52, 237-244, 369-380], pls. [4, 32, 48] ([Oct] 1895), (17) [53-56, 83-86, 123, 124 (sheet corrected), 341, 342 (sheet corrected), 381-410], pls. [49, 50, 51] ([Mar] 1897), (18) t. p., [8 pp.], [15-34, 411-430] ([May 1897]). Pl. [12; replacement] (?Apr 1898).

1888a Descriptions of two new species of melitaeas belonging to North America. Canadian Entomologist 20(5): 81-84 {2 May 1888}

1888b Description of a new species of Anthocharis. Canadian Entomologist 20(8): 158-159 {1 Aug 1888}

1888c The butterflies of North America. Boston; Houghton, Mifflin & Co.; third reprint of text for vol. 1: [ii] + [4] + [164] + vi + 52 pp, 50 pls. {1888}.

1890a Description of a new species of Melitaea from Southern California. Canadian Entomologist 22(2): 21-23 {4 Feb 1890}

1890b On certain statements in Scudder's "Butterflies of New England." Canadian Entomologist, 22(4):61-67 {7 Apr 1890}

1890c Notes on 'A revision of the genus Argynnis', by Henry J. Elwes. Canadian Entomologist, 22(5): 81-93. {May 1890}

1890d Description of a new species of Argynnis from Canada. Canadian Entomologist 22(6): 113-114 {4 Jun 1890}

1891a Descriptions of a new species of Erebia, and notes on the so-called Chionobas Bore of Colorado. Canadian Entomologist 23(2): 31-33 {4 February 1891}

1891b On the position of Limenitis proserpina Edw. Canadian Entomologist, 23(3): 49-56. {Mar 1891}

1891c Description of a new species of Argynnis from Alberta Territory. Canadian Entomologist 23(9): 198-199 {21 Sep 1891}

1892a Miscellaneous notes on butterflies, larvae, etc. Canadian Entomologist 24(3): 49-56 {9 Mar 1892}; (5): 105-111 {May, 28 Apr 1892}

1893a Notes on a polymorphic Papilio. Canadian Entomologist 25(10): 253-254 {Oct 1893}

1893b Notes on a polymorphic butterfly, Synchloe Lacinia, Geyer (in Hub. Zutr.), with description of its preparatory stages. Canadian Entomologist 25(11): 286-291 {4 Nov 1893}

1895 Notes on collecting butterflies in western Colorado, with a particular account of certain Papilios. Canadian Entomologist 27(9): 229-242 {7 Sep 1895}



Eggleton, Paul and Richard Irwin Vane-Wright

1994 Phylogenetics and Ecology. London/San Diego: Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press; Linnean Society symposium series, no. 17: x + 376 pp., illus. {1994}



Ehrlich, Paul Ralph

1952a The distribution and subspeciation of Erebia rossii Curtis (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Transactions of the american entomological Society 78(2): 75-88 {Jun, 8 Aug 1952}

1952b A new subspecies of Erebia epipsodea Butler (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Entomological News 63(9): 225-231 {Nov, [Oct 28] 1952}

1954a Two new subspecies of Erebia epipsodea Butler (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 27(2): 80 {Apr, 15 May 1954}

1954b Notes on Erebia rossii Curtis (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Entomological News 65(9): 225-227 {[7] Nov 1954}

1955 The distribution and subspeciation of Erebia epipsodea Butler (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 37(1)(6): 175-194 {15 Oct 1955}

1958a The higher systematics of the butterflies. Lepidopterists' News 11(4/5): 103-106 {1957, 13 May 1958}

1958b Systematists and subspecies. Lepidopterists' News 11(4/5): 155-157 {1957, 13 May 1958}

1958c The comparative morphology, phylogeny and higher classification of the butterflies (Lepid.: Papilionoidea). University of Kansas Science Bulletin 39(8): 305-370, 64 figs. {18 November 1958}

1964 Some axioms of taxonomy. Systematic Zoology 13(3): 109-123 {Sep 1964}

1976 Papilio xuthus (Papilionidae) in Hawaii. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(2): 149-150 {12 Jul 1976}

2001 Tropical butterflies: A key model group that can be "completed." Lepidoptera News 2(1): 10-12 {Jun 2001}

2005 Twenty-first century systematics and the human predicament. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 56 (suppl. 1)(12): 130-148 {3 Jun 2005}



Ehrlich, Paul Ralph and Harry Kendon Clench

1960 A new subgenus and species of Callophrys (s.l.) from the southwestern United States. Entomological News 71(6): 137-141, pl. 1 {[3] Jun 1960}



Ehrlich, Paul Ralph and Anne Fitzhugh Howland Ehrlich

1961 How to know the butterflies. Dubuque, Iowa; William C. Brown Company: [vii] + 262 pp., 525 figs. {1961}

1967 The phenetic relationships of the butterflies I. Adult taxonomy and the nonspecificity hypothesis. Systematic Zoology 16(4): 301-317, 7 figs., 4 tabs. {18 Dec 1967}



Ehrlich, Paul Ralph and Nicholas W. Gillham

1951 A new Atrytone from Nebraska (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea). Entomological News 62(6): 188-189 {[19] Jun 1951}



Ehrlich, Paul R. and Ilkka Hanski (Eds.)

2004 On the wings of checkerspots: A model system for population biology. New York : Oxford University Press: xix, 371 p., [16] p. of plates : ill. (some col.), maps {[25 March] 2004}



Ehrlich, Paul Ralph and Dennis Murphy

1982 Butterfly nomenclature: A critique. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20(1): 1-11 {Spring 1981(1982), 20 Sep 1982}

1983a Nomenclature, taxonomy and evolution. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20(4): 199-204 {Winter 1981(83), 15 Apr 1983}

1983b Butterfly nomenclature, stability, and the rule of obligatory categories. Systematic Zoology 32(4): 451-453 {1983}



Ehrlich, Paul R. and Peter H. Raven

1964 Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18(4): 586-608, 1 tbl. {Dec 1964}

1969 Differentiation of populations. Science 165(3899): 1228-1232 {19 Sep 1969}



Ehrlich, Paul Ralph, Raymond R. White, Michael C. Singer, Stephen W. McKechnie and Lawrence Edmund Gilbert

1975 Checkerspot butterflies: A historical perspective. Science 188(4185): 221-228, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {18 Apr 1975}



Ehrmann, George Alexander

1890a [Untitled]. Entomological News 1(6): 93 {Jun, [12 May] 1890}

1890b [Untitled]. Colias philodice, var. alba. Entomological News 1(8): 130 {Oct, 28 Aug 1890}

1900 Variations in some common species of butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 32(11): 348 {3 Nov 1900}

1907 New tropical American Hesperidae. Canadian Entomologist 39(9): 317-323 {16 Sep 1907}

1917 Some new North American butterflies. Lepidopterist 1(7): 54-56 {15 May 1917}

1918a New species and variations of butterflies. Lepidoptera (Boston) 2(3): 21-22 {15 Mar 1918}

1918b New species and variations of butterflies. Lepidoptera (Boston) 2(4): 29-30 {15 Apr 1918}

1918c Author's correction. Lepidoptera (Boston) 2(6): 41 {15 Jun 1918}

*1919 New tropical American Papilios. Lepidoptera (Boston) 3(5): 36-38 {15 May 1919}

*1921 New exotic Papilios. Lepidoptera (Boston) 5(1): 2-3 {Mar 1921}

1925 New North American butterflies. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 20(2): 84 {15 Apr 1925}



Eimer, Gustav Heinrich Theodor

1889 Die Artbildung und Verwandtschaft bei den Schmetterlingen. Eine systematische Darstellung der Abänderungen, Abarten und Arten der Segalfalter-ähnlichen Formen der Gattung Papilio. Jena; Gustav Fischer: xii + 243 pp., Atlas of 4 pls., 23 figs. {1889}



Eimer, Gustav Heinrich Theodor and Karl Rudolph Dietrich Fickert

1895 Die Artbildung und Verwandtschaft bei den Schmetterlingen. Teile II. Eine systematische Darstellung der Abänderungen, Abarten und Arten der Schwalbenschwanz-ähnlichen Formen der Gattung Papilio Unter Mitwirkung von K. Fichert. Jena; Gustav Fischer: viii + 153 pp., 7 figs., Atlas of 4 pls. {1895}



Eisner, Curt

1928 Neue Parnassius-Formen. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 22(32): 302 {22 Nov 1928}

1942 Einige Ergebnisse der Sichtung der Gattungen Melitaea und Argynnis im Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden. Zoölogische Mededelingen 24(1/2): 116-124 {Dec 1942}

1955a Parnassiana Nova IV. Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius. (Fortsetzung 2). Zoölogische Mededelingen 33(17): 127-156, 1 pl. {23 Jun 1955}

1955b Parnassiana Nova V. Nomina collectiva. Zoölogische Mededelingen 33(20): 177-179. {29 Jun 1955}

1955c Parnassiana Nova VI. Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius. (Fortsetzung 3). Zoölogische Mededelingen 33(21): 181-207, 1 pl. {11 Jul 1955}

1956 Parnassiana Nova X. Zwei Neue Nordamerikanische Parnassius Subspecies. Zoölogische Mededelingen 34(18): 243-246, pl. 3 {25 May 1956}

1957 Parnassiana Nova XIV. Kritische Revision der Gattung Parnassius, (Fortsetzung 9). Zoölogische Mededelingen 35(8): 79-111, pl. 4 {21 Jun 1957}

1961 Parnassiana Nova XXX. Nachträgliche Betrachtungen zu der Revision der Subfamilie Parnassiinae (Fortsetzung 3). Zoölogische Mededelingen 37(11): 167-188 {18 Jul 1961}

1966a Parnassiana Nova XXXIX. Nachträgliche Betrachtungen zu der Revision der Subfamilie Parnassiinae (Fortsetzung 12). Zoölogische Mededelingen 41(8): 143-149, pl. 1 {20 Apr 1966}

1966b Parnassidae-Typen in der Sammlung J. C. Eisner. Zoologische Verhandelingen (81): 1-190, frontisp., 84 pls. {15 Jun 1966}

1969 Parnassiana Nova XLIV. Nachträgliche Betrachtungen zu der Revision der Subfamilie Parnassiinae (Fortsetzung 17). Zoölogische Mededelingen 43(14): 173-176 {26 Feb 1969}

1974 Parnassiana nova XLIX. Die Arten und Unterarten der Baroniidae, Teinopalpidae und Parnassiidae (Erster Teil) (Lepidoptera). Zoologische Verhandelingen (135): 1-96 {24 Oct 1974}

1976 Parnassiana nova XLIX. Die Arten und Unterarten der Baroniidae, Teinopalpidae und Parnassiidae Lepidoptera (Zweiter Teil). Zoologische Verhandelingen (146): 1-266, 2 pls. {30 Sep 1976}

1977 Parnassiana Nova LII. The genus Parnassius Latreille in William H. Howes's "The Butterflies of North America" 1975. Zoölogische Mededelingen 52(18): 213-216 {15 Dec 1977}

1978 Parnassiana Nova LIII. Vier Neue Parnassius Unterarten. Zoölogische Mededelingen 53(11): 107-109, pls. 1, 2 {11 Jul 1978}



Eitschberger, Ulf

1981 Die Nordamerikanischen Arten aus der Pieris napi-bryoniae Gruppe (Lep., Pieridae). Atalanta (München) 11(5): 366-371 {Feb 1981}

1984 Systematische Untersuchungen am Pieris napi-bryoniae-Komplex (s.l.) (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Herbipoliana 1(1983)(1): xxii + 504 pp.; (2): 601 pp., pls., figs. {1983, [4 Feb 1984]}

1991a Elfte Erganzung zu 'Systematische Untersuchungen am Pieris napi-bryoniae -Komplex (s. l.)'. Aufzucht und Beschreibung der Praeimaginelstadien von Pieris virginiensis hyatti Eitschberger, 1984. (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Atalanta (München) 21(3-4): 253-260, pls. 334-335 {Dec 1990, 11 Feb 1991}

1991b Vierzehnte Ergänzung zu "Systematische Untersuchungen am Pieris napi-bryoniae-komplex (s.l.)". Pieris marginalis ziegleri subsp. nov. aus Nordamerika (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Atalanta (München) 22(2-4): 353-355 {Dec 1991}

1993 Die struktur der eihüllen einiger Papilio Arten im vergleich unter dem REM/SEM (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae). Atalanta (München) 24(1/2): 15-32, 46 figs. {Jul, 13 Oct 1993}



Eitschberger, Ulf and Tommaso Racheli

1998 Catasticta studies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Neue entomolgische nachrichten 41: 4-94, frontisp., 20 pls., 4 figs. {Nov 1998}



Ekrem, Torbjørn, Endre Willassen and Elisabeth Stur

2006 A comprehensive DNA sequence library is essential for identification with DNA barcodes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43(2): 530-542, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {May 2007, online 5 Dec 2006}



Eldredge, Niles and Stephen Jay Gould

1972 Punctuated equilibria: an alternative to phyletic gradualism. Pp. 82-115, 10 figs., 1 tbl., in: T. J. M. Schopf (Ed.), Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco; Freeman Cooper: vi + 250 pp., illus {1972}



Elias, Marianne, Ryan I. Hill, Keith R. Willmott, Kanchon K. Dasmahapatra, Andrew V. Z. Brower, James Louis Borlase Mallet and Chris D. Jiggins

2007 Limited performance of DNA barcoding in a diverse community of tropical butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 274(1627): 2881-2889, 2 figs., 1 tbl., 5 suppl. {22 Nov 2007}



Eliot, John Nevill

1946 Continental drift and Precis lavinia. Entomologist 79(1001): 225-228 {8 Oct 1946}

1947 More on continental drift, Precis lavinia Hb. and P. villida F. Entomologist 80(1013): 230-234 {10 Oct 1947}; (1015): 283 (31 Dec 1947}

1949 The significance of the wing pattern of Precis (Nymphalidae) in America. Entomologist 82(1035): 176-184 {17 Aug 1949}

1973 The higher classification of the Lycaenidae (Lepid.): A tentative arrangement. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 28(6): 371-505, 6 pls., 162 figs., 4 tbls. {20 September 1973}

1990 Notes on the genus Curetis Hübner (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Tyo to Ga 41(4): 201-225, 9 figs. {20 Dec 1999}



Eliot, John Nevill and Akito Kawazoé

1983 Blue butterflies of the Lycaenopsis-group. London; British Museum (Natural History): 309 pp., 6 cpls., 560 figs. {Jun 1983}



Eliot, N.

1956 The strange case of the Camberwell Beauty. Entomologist 89(): 270 -277 {26 Nov 1956}

1957 Nomenclature of Nymphalis antiopa L. Entomologist 90(): 162 {Jun 1957}



Eller, Karl

1936 Die Rassen von Papilio machaon L. Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften (nf)36: iv + 96 pp. {1936}

1938 Zur Rassen- und Artfrage, untersucht an dem Formenkreis von Papilio machaon L. (Lep. Rhop.). Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 24(1): 145-149 {Jan-Dec 1938}

1939a Fragen und Probleme zur Zoogeographie und zur Rassen- und Artbildung in der Papilio machaon-Gruppe. Verhandlungen VII Internationaler Kongress für Entomologie (Berlin) 1: 74-101, 11 figs., 1 tbl. {11 Apr 1939}

1939b Versuch einer historischen und geographischen Analyse zur Rassen- und Artbildung (Auf Grund von Untersuchungen in der Papilio machaon-Gruppe Lep. Rhop.). Zeitschrift für induktive Abstammungs- und Vererbungslehre 77(1): 135-171, 25 figs., 1 tab. {1939}



Ellers, Jacintha and Carol L. Boggs

2002 The evolution of wing color in Colias butterflies: Heritability, sex linkage, and population divergence. Evolution 56(4): 836-840, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {Apr 2002}

2003 The evolution of wing color: Male mate choice opposes adaptive wing color divergence in Colias butterflies. Evolution 57(5): 1100-1106, 3 figs., 1 tbl. {May 2003}

2004a Functional ecological implications of intraspecific differences in wing melanization in Colias butterflies. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82(1): 79-87, 4 figs., 2 tbls. {May, online 22 Apr 2004}

2004b Evolutionary genetics of dorsal wing colour in Colias butterflies. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 17(4): 752-758, 3 figs., 2 tbls. {Jul 2004}



Elliot, Nancy C., Donald Riley and Harry Kendon Clench

1980 Annotated list of butterflies of San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(2): 120-126, 1 fig. {23 Sep 1980}



Ellis, Mark W. and Paul G. Wolf

2010 Teaching "species." Evolution: Education and Outreach 3(1): 89-98 {Mar 2010}



Ellsworth, Addison

1902 Notes on butterflies and description of an aberration. Entomological News 13(4): 103-104 {Apr 1902}

1918 Three new forms. Lepidopterist 2(3): 21-22 {25 Mar 1918}



Elrod, Morton John and Frances Inez Maley

1906 The butterflies of Montana with keys for determination of species. Bulletin of the University of Montana 30, Biological Series 2(10): xvi, 1-175, 13 pls., 117 figs. [or Bulletin no. 30, Biological series no. 10] {Jan 1906}



Eltrigham, Harry

1916a Relationships in the genus Heliconius. Proceedings of the entomological Society of London 1916(2): xlvii-xlviii {5 Apr 1916}

1916b On specific and mimetic relationships in the genus Heliconius, L. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1916(1): 101-148, pls. 11-17, 2 tbls. {16 Aug 1916}

1925 On the abdominal glands in Heliconius (Lepidoptera). Transactions of the entomological Society of London 1925(1/2): 269-275, pl. 33 {7 Aug 1925}

1926 On the abdominal glands in Colaenis, Dione and Eueides (Lepidoptera). Transactions of the entomological Society of London 74(2): 263-268, pl. 72 {21 Dec 1926}



Elwes, Henry John

1880 On the genus Colias. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1880(3): 133-146 {[12] Oct 1880}

1884 Additional notes on the genus Colias. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London (4)1884(1): 1-26 {Apr 1884}

1886 On butterflies of the genus Parnassius. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1886(1): 6-53, 4 pls., 1 tbl. {19 Jan, Jun 1886}

1889 Notes on the genus Erebia. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1889(2): 317-342 {[27] Jun 1889}

1890 A revision of the genus Argynnis. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1889(4): 535-575 {31 Dec 1889, 9 Jan 1890}

1896 Notes on Coenonympha tiphon and its allies. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation 8(10): 228- 230 {1 Nov 1896}

1898 A revision of the genus Erebia. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1898(2): 169-207 {29 Jun 1898}

1899 On the Lepidoptera of the Altai Mountains. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1899(3): 295-367, pls. 11-14 {30 Sep 1899}



Elwes, Henry John and James Edwards

1893 A revision of the genus Śneis. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1893(4): 457-481, pl. 15 {[28] Dec 1893}



Emelianov, Igor, František Marec and James Mallet

2004 Genomic evidence for divergence with gene flow in host races of the larch budmoth. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 271(1534): 97-105, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {7 Jan 2004}



Emerson, Brent C., Francesco Cicconardi, Pietro P. Fanciulli and Peter J. A. Shaw

2011 Phylogeny, phylogeography, phylobetadiversity and the molecular analysis of biological communities. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 366(1576): 2391-2402, 4 figs. {27 Aug 2011}



Emerson, Brent C. and Godfrey M. Hewitt

2005 Phylogeography. Current Biology 15(10): R367-R371{24 May 2005}



Emmel, John F.

1982 Two new subspecies of the Papilio indra complex from California (Papilionidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 35(4): 297-302, 6 figs. {13 May 1982}



Emmel, John F. and Thomas Chadbourne Emmel

1965 Genetic relationships of Papilio indra and Papilio polyxenes. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 3(3): 157-158 {September, 1964 [5 Apr 1965]}

1966 A new Papilio from the Mojave Desert of California (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Entomological News 77(3): 57-63, 2 figs. {Mar, [25 Feb] 1966}

1998a A new Euphilotes pallescens Subspecies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the northern California-Nevada border region. Pp. 277-282, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998b A new species of Agriades (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the Sierra Nevada and Trinity Alps of California, and the biology and geographic variation of Agriades podarce in California. Pp. 287-302, 24 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998c A new subspecies of Everes amyntula (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from the California Channel Islands. Pp. 303-306, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998d A new xerces-like subspecies of Glaucopsyche lygdamus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from Santa Rosa Island, California. Pp. 307-312, 10 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998e A new subspecies of Ochlodes sylvanoides (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Santa Catalina Island in the Channel Islands of California. Pp. 313-316, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998f A new subspecies of Polites sabuleti (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Santa Rosa Island, California. Pp. 317-318, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998g A review of the Speyeria egleis Complex in California, with the description of two new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 437-442, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998h A previously unrecognized subspecies of Speyeria zerene (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from coastal northern California. Pp. 451-454, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998i A new subspecies of Papilio indra (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from northwestern California. Pp. 701-706, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998j A new subspecies of the giant Skipper Megathymus yuccae from San Diego County, California (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Megathyminae). Pp. 763-766, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998k Two new geographically restricted subspecies of Apodemia mormo (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) from the vicinity of San Bernardino, California. Pp. 795-800, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Ken Davenport

2008 A new subspecies of Cercyonis pegala (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Satyridae) from the southern Sierra Nevada of California. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (157): 1-5, 8 figs. {1 Jul 2008}



Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Bruce M. Griffin

1998 A new dwarfed subspecies of Papilio indra (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from the Dead Mountains of southeastern California. Pp. 711-716, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Sterling O. Mattoon

1998a The types of California butterflies named by Jean Alphonse Boisduval: Designation of lectotypes and a neotype, and fixation of type localities. Pp. 3-76, 269 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998b The types of California butterflies named by Pierre Hippolyte Lucas: Designation of lectotypes and fixation of type localities. Pp. 77-82, 18 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998c Fixation of a type locality for Thecla spinetorum Hewitson (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Pp. 83-86, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998d The types of California and Nevada butterflies named by Cajetan and Rudolph Felder: Designations of lectotypes and fixation of type localities. Pp. 87-94, 33 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998e The types of California butterflies named by Herman Behr: Designations of neotypes and fixation of type localities. Pp. 95-114, 78 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998f Designation of lectotype and fixation of a type locality for Lemonias edithana Strand (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 123-126, 3 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998g New subspecies of Pieridae (Lepidoptera) from California, Nevada, and Baja California. Pp. 127-138, 24 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998h New subspecies of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera) from California and a neotype designation fo Argynnis rupestris Behr (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 139-158, 50 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998i New Theclinae subspecies of Lycaenidae from California, separation of Incisalia mossii and Incisalia fotis, and seven species groups of the subgenus Callophrys (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Pp. 159-170, 28 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998j New Polyommatinae subspecies of Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera) from California. Pp. 171-200, 76 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998k New subspecies of Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera) from California. Pp. 201-206, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998l A new subspecies of Speyeria zerene (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) from the San Francisco Bay area of California. Pp. 455-460, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998m Three new subspecies of Hesperia lindseyi (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) in California and northwestern Nevada. Pp. 475-480, 16 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998n Incisalia polia: A new species record for California, with description of a new maritime subspecies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Pp. 811-814, 12 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998o A checklist of the butterflies and skippers of California. Pp. 825-836, in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

2008 An extraordinary new subspecies of Anthocharis sara Lucas (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) from Redwood National Park, California. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (155): 1-6, 8 figs. {9 May 2008}



Emmel, John F., Thomas Chadbourne Emmel and Gordon F. Pratt

1998 Five new subspecies of Apodemia mormo (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) from southern California. Pp. 801-810, 20 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, John F. and Bruce M. Griffin

1998 A new subspecies of Papilio indra (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from the Muddy Mountains of Southern Nevada. Pp. 707-710, 4 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, John F. and Rudolph H. T. Mattoni

1990 A new subspecies of Satyrium auretorum (Lycaenidae) from the Santa Monica mountains of southern California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 28(1/2): 100-104 {Spring/Summer 1989(1990), 25 Jul 1990}



Emmel, John F. and Gordon F. Pratt

1998 New subspecies of Lycaeninae from California and a type locality restriction for Chrysophanus cupreus W. H. Edwards (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Pp. 661-680, 48 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, John F. and Oakley Shields

1980 The biology of Plebejus (Icaricia) shasta in the western United States (Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 17(2): 129-140, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {Summer 1978(80), Aug 1980}



Emmel, John F., Oakley Shields and Dennis E. Breedlove

1971 Larval foodplant records for North American Rhopalocera. Part 2. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 9(4): 232-242 {Sep 1969 [13 Dec] 1971}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne

1969 Taxonomy, distribution and biology of the genus Cercyonis (Satyridae). I. Characteristics of the Genus. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(3): 165-175, 1 tbl., 2 maps {24 Sep 1969}

1993 Sweadner's Hairstreak, Mitoura gryneus sweadneri. Pp. 124-125, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}

1998 Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville, Fl.; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls (Ed.): xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls. {[18] Dec 1998}

2007 A record of Aphrissa neleis in north Florida (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Tropical Lepidoptera 17(1/2): 6, 4 figs. {20 Dec 2007}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and George T. Austin

1998 What is Argynnis carolae? The cytotaxonomy and systematic position of a Speyeria relic from Nevada (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Pp. 443-450, 7 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne, Peter J. Eliazar, Keith Spalding Brown, Jr. and Esko Suomalainen

1995 Chromosome evolution in the Papilionidae. Pp. 283-298, 15 figs., 2 tbls., in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and John F. Emmel

1969 A new subspecies in the Cercyonis meadi group (Satyridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(3): 161-164, 10 figs. {24 Sep 1969}

1971a An extraordinary new subspecies of Cercyonis oetus from central Nevada (Lepidoptera, Satyridae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 47(2): 155-157 {Apr [8 Jun] 1971}

1971b A new subspecies of Papilio indra from central Nevada (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 47(3): 220-223, fig. 1 {Jul [21 Sep] 1971}

1973a Two new subspecies of Euphydryas chalcedona From the Mojave Desert of southern California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 11(3): 141-146, 1 fig. {Sep 1972, 1973}

1973b The butterflies of southern California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 26: xi + 148 pp., 10 pls., 77 figs. {30 Nov 1973}

1974 A new subspecies of Euphydryas editha from the Channel Islands of California. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 13(2): 131-136, 1 fig. {Jun 1974}

1993 The Avalon hairstreak, Strymon avalona. P. 128, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}

1993 Smith's blue, Euphilotes enoptes smithi. Pp. 131-132, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}

1993 The Xerces blue, Glaucopsyche xerces. Pp. 137-138, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}

1998a A neotype designation for Satyrus behrii Grinnell (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Pp. 117-120, 2 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}

1998b Designation of a type-locality for Satyrus silvestris E. H. Edwards (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Pp. 121-122, in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and Lowell N. Harris

1998 A new subspecies of Euphydryas anicia (Lepidoptera: Nmphalidae) from the South Park area of central Colorado. Pp. 433-436, 8 figs., in: T. Emmel (Ed.), Systematics of Western North American Butterflies. Gainesville; Mariposa Press: xviii + 878 pp., 207 pls., tbls {[18] Dec 1998}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and Sterling O. Mattoon

1972 Cercyonis pegala blanca, a "missing type" in the evolution of the genus Cercyonis (Satyridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 26(3): 140-149, 11 figs. {29 Sep 1972}



Emmel, Thomas Chadbourne and Marc C. Minno

1993 Bartram's Hairstreak, Strymon acis bartrami. Pp. 126-127, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}

1993 The Atala, Eumaeus atala florida. Pp. 129-130, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}



Emsley, Michael Gordon

1963 A morphological study of imaginal Heliconiinae (Lep., Nymphalidae) with a consideration of the evolutionary relationships within the group. Zoologica (New York) 48(3): 85-130, 1 pl., 153 figs., 17 maps {Fall, 26 Dec 1963}

1964 The geographical distribution of the color-pattern components of Heliconius erato and Heliconius melpomene with genetical evidence for the systematic relationship between the two species. Zoologica (New York) 49(3): 245-289, 2 pls., 15 figs., 15 tbls., 1 map {Fall, 2 Nov 1963}

1965 Speciation in Heliconius (Lep. Nymphalidae): Morphology and geographic distribution. Zoologica (New York) 50(4): 191-254, 173 figs., 30 maps {Winter, 31 Dec 1965}



Endersby, Jim

2009 Lumpers and splitters: Darwin, Hooker, and the search for order. Science 326(5959): 1496-1499, 4 figs. {11 Dec 2009}



Enghoff, Henrik

1995 Historical biogeography of the Holarctic: Area relationships, ancestral areas and dispersal of non-marine animals. Cladistics 11(3): 223-263, 4 figs., 7 tbls., app. {Sep 1995}



Ereshefsky, Marc

2009 Homology: Integrating phylogeny and development. Biological Theory 4(3): 225-229 {Summer 2009}



Erichson, Wilhelm Ferdinand

[1849] Insecten. Pp. 553-617, in: M. Schomburgk, Reisen in Britisch-Guiana in den jahren 1840-1844. Im Auftrag Sr. Mäjestat des Königs von Preussen. Nebst einer Fauna und Flora Guiana's nach Vorlagen von Johannes Müller, Ehrenburg, Erichson, Klotzsch, Troschel, Cabanis und andern, mit Abbildungen und einer Karte von Britisch-Guiana aufgennomen von Sir Robert Schomburgk. Leipzig; J. J. Weber; 3: i-viii, 531-1262 pp. {1848, [10 Mar 1849]}



Ernst, J. J.

1780 Papillons d'Europe, peints d'après nature. Premièr partie. Chenilles, Crisalides, & Papillons de jour. Paris; P. M. Delaguette; vol. 2: [i]-[iv], 207-344, pls. 49-84 + 8 [text by M. D. J. Engramelle and illustrations by J. J. Ernst, but the latter is responsible for the work) {1780}



Eroukhmanoff, Fabrice

2006 Comparative quantitative genetics: Genetic constraints on phenotypic evolution? Introductory Paper No 182 Department of Animal Ecology Lund University Lund: 30 pp. {2006}



Ershov, Nicolas Grigorevich [ ]

1872 Diagnoses de quelques espèces nouvelles de Lépidopteres appartenant à la faune de la Russie Asiatique. Horae Societatis entomologicae rossicae 8(4): 315-318, pl. 8 {1 Nov 1872}

1874 (Lepidoptera). II, . V, . 3, .: . , . , 11(2): [4] + 127 + [1] pp., pls. 1-6 {1874} [Lepidoptera (Lepidoptera). T II, Part V, dep. 3. In: A. Fedchenko, Journey to Turkistan. Proceedings of the Imperial Society of Naturalists, Anthropology and Ethnography]

1877 . II. 10(1): 57-66, pl. 1 {13 Sep 1876 [1877]} [Descriptions of new species of exotic Lepidoptera. Proceedings Russian entomological Society]



Esaki, Teiso and Takashi Shirôzu

1951 Nihon no Cho. [A tentative list of the butterflies of Japan, with notes and a synoptic table of life histories of each species]. Shin Konchu, Special no. (vol. 4, no. 9): 1-117, num. figs. [in Japanese] {1951}



Eschscholtz, Johann Friederich Gustav von

1821 Beschreibung neuer ausländischer Schmetterlings nebst Abbildungen. Pp. 201-219, 11 pls., in: A. v. Chamisso, Bemerkungen und Ansichten auf einer Entdeckungs-Reise Unternommen in den Jahren 1815-1818 auf Kosten Gr. Erlaucht des Herrn Reichs-Kanzlers Grafen Romanzoff auf dem Schiffe Rurick unter dem Befehle des Lieutenante der Russlisch-Kaiserlichen Marine, Otto von Kotzebue von dem Naturforscher der Expeditien. In: O. Kotzebue, Entdeckungs-reise in die Süd-See und nach der Berings-Strasse zur Erforschung einer nordöstlichen Durchfahrt. Unternommen in den Jahren 1815, 1816, 1817 und 1818, auf Kosten Sr. Erlaucht des Herrn Reichs-Kanzlers Grafen Rumanzoff auf dem Shiffe Rurick unter derm Befehle des Lieutenants der Russisch-Kaiserlichen Marine Otto von Kotzebue. Weimar; Gebrüdern Hoffmann; Band 3. {1821}



Espeland, Marianne, Kaare Aagaard, Torveig Balstad and Kjetil Hindar

2007 Ecomorphological and genetic divergence between lowland and montane forms of the Pieris napi species complex (Pieridae, Lepidoptera). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 92(4): 727-745, 7 figs. {7 Dec 2007}



Esper, Eugen Johann Christoph

1776-1801

Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Erster Theil. Die Tagschmetterlinge: 1-388, pls. 1-50; 1(1): 1-40, pls. 1-6 {1776}, (2): 41-72, pls. 7-12 {1776}, (3): 73-104, pls. 13-18 {1777}, (4): 105-120, pls. 19-24 {1777}, (5): 121-144, pls. 25-30 {1777}, (6): 145-176, pls. 31-36 {1777}, (7): 177-200, pls. 37-42 {1778}, (8): 201-216, pls. 43-48 {1778}, (9): 217-388, pls. 49-50 {1779}; Der Fortsetzungen der europäischen Schmetterlinge Erster Theil: 1(2): 1-36, pls. 51-56 {1780}, (2): 37-68, pls. 57-62 {1781}, (3): 69-100, pls. 63-68 {1781}, (4): 101-124, pls. 69-74 {1781}, (5): 125-140, pls. 75-80 {1782}, (7): 141-156, pls. 81-82 {1783}, (8): 157-172, pls. 83-88 {1783}, (9): 173-184, pls. 89-92 {1784}, (28): 185-190, pl. 93 {1786}; Der Fortsetzungen der europäischen Schmetterlinge. Erster Abschnitt. Zu dem Geschlekt der Tagschmetterlinge [suppl. Part 1] (1)1-2: 1-8, pl. 94 {1789}, (1)3-4: 9-60, pls. 95-101 {1789}, (1)5/6: 61-68, pls. 102-106 {1794}, (1)[7]: [69-88]; pls. [107-109] [1798], (1)(8-9): 89-104, pls. 110-112 {1800}, (1)10: 105-120, pls. 113-116 [1803-04]; Fortsetzung des ersten, zweyten, dritten und vierten Theils, als der Tagschmetterlinge, Abendschmetterlinge, Spinner- und Eulenphalenen. Zweyter Theil. Zu dem Geschlecht der Tagschmetterlinge [suppl. Part 2] (2)11:1-24, pls. 117-122 {1805}, (2)12: 25-48, pls. 123-126 {1830}}; see Heppner, 1981, Archives of Natural History 10(2): 251-254

1784-1801

Die ausländischen oder die ausserhalb Europa zur Zeit in den übrigen Welttheilen vorgefundenen Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen. Erlangen; Wolfgang Walther (1-16): 254 pp., 63 pls.; (1): pp. 1-20, pls. 1-4 {1784}; (2): pp. 21-36, pls. 5-8 {1785}; (3): pp. 37-52, pls. 9-12 {1786}; (4): pp. 53-64, pls. 13-16 {1788}; (5): pp. 65-80, pls. 17-20 {1790}; (6): pp. 81-96, pls. 21-24 {1791}; (7/8): pp. 97-120, pls. 25-32 {1792}; (9): pp. 121-144, pls. 33-36 {1792}; (10): pp. 145-160, pls. 37-40 {1793}; (11/12): pp. 161-192, pls. 41-46 {1796}; (13): pp. 193-204, pls. 47-50 {1797}; (14): pp. 205-220, pls. 51-54 {1799}; (15/16): pp. 221-254, pls. 55-59, 60A-60D {1801}

1794 Magazin der neuesten ausländischen Insekten. Erlangen; Wolfgang Walther 1: [4] + [iv] + 8 pp., 4 pls. {1794}



Evans, William Harry

1912 A list of Indian butterflies. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 21(2): 553-584 {31 Mar 1912}; (3): 969-1008 {31 Apr 1912}

1926 The identification of Indian butterflies (part IX). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 31(1): 49-83, 1 pl. {15 May 1926}

1937 A catalogue of the African Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum. London, British Museum (Natural History). xii + 212 pp., 30 pls. {1937}

1941 A revision of the genus Erionota Mabille (Lep.: Hesp.). Entomologist 74(938): 158-160 {Jul 1941}

1942 A key to the American species of the genus Pyrgus (Lep. Hesperiidae). Revista de Entomologia (Rio de Janeiro) 13(3): 359-366 {30 Nov 1942}

1944 An analysis of the genus Heliopetes Billberg (Lepidoptera-Hesperiidae) with genitalia drawings. Entomologist 77(979): 174-185, 1 pl. {29 Dec 1944}

1949 A catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia and Australia in the British Museum (Natural History). London; British Museum (Natural History) : v-xiv + 502 pp., pls. 1-53, 7 figs. {[16 Jun] 1949}

1951 A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part I. Introduction and Pyrrhopyginae. London, British Museum (Natural History): x + 92 pp., pls. 1-9 {1951}

1952 A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part II. Pyrginae, Section I. London; British Museum (Natural History): vi + 178 pp., pls. 10-25 {1952}

1953 A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part III. Pyrginae, Section 2. London; British Museum (Natural History): vi + 246 pp., pls. 26-53 {1953}

1955 A catalogue of the American Hesperiidae indicating the classification and nomenclature adopted in the British Museum (Natural History). Part IV. Hesperiinae and Megathyminae. London; British Museum (Natural History): vi + 499 pp., pls. 54-88 {1955}

1956 Addenda et corrigenda to the "Catalogue of American Hesperiidae" published by the Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). London; British Museum (Natural History): 4 pp. {16 Aug 1956}



Evenhuis, Neal L.

1994 The publication and dating of P. A. Wytsman's Genera Insectorum. Archives of Natural History 21(1): 49-66, 2 tbls. {Feb 1994}

1997a Litteratura taxonomica dipterorum (1758-1930): being a selected list of the books and prints of diptera taxonomy from the beginning of Linnaean zoological nomenclature to the end of the year 1930; containing information on biographies, bibliographies, types, collections, and patronymic genera of the authors listed in this work; including detailed information on publication dates, original and subsequent editions, and other ancillary data concerning the publications listed herein. Leiden; Backhuys; Vol. 1, A-K: pp. 1-426 {1997}

1997b Litteratura taxonomica dipterorum (1758-1930): being a selected list of the books and prints of diptera taxonomy from the beginning of Linnaean zoological nomenclature to the end of the year 1930; containing information on biographies, bibliographies, types, collections, and patronymic genera of the authors listed in this work; including detailed information on publication dates, original and subsequent editions, and other ancillary data concerning the publications listed herein. Leiden; Backhuys; Vol. 2, L-Z: pp. 427-871 {1997}

2002 Publication and dating of the two "Bulletins" of the Société Entomologique de France (1873-1894). Zootaxa 70: 1-32 {23 Sep 2002}

2003a Publication and dating of the journals forming the Annals and Magazine of Natural History and the Journal of Natural History. Zootaxa 385: 1-68, 3 pls. {16 December 2003}

2003b Dating and publication of the Encyclopédie Méthodique (1782- 1832), with special reference to the parts of the Histoire Naturelle and details on the Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Zootaxa 166: 1-48 {17 Mar 2003}

2007 Helping solve the "other" taxonomic impediment: Completing the eight steps to total enlightenment and taxonomic nirvana. Zootaxa 1407: 3-12 {15 Feb 2007}

2008 The "Mihi itch"--a brief history. Zootaxa 1890: 59-68, 3 figs. {1 Oct 2008}



Eversmann, Eduard

1832 Lepidopterorum species nonnullae novae Gubernium Orenburgense incolentes. Nouveaux Mémoires de la Société impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou 8(n.s. 2): 347-354, 2 pls.

1843 Quaedam Lepidopterorum species novae in montibus Uralensibus et Altaicis habitantes, nunc descriptae et depictae. Bulletin de la Sociètè impèriale des Naturalistes de Moscou 16(3): 535-555, pls. 7-9 {1843}

1847 Lepidoptera quaedam nova Rossiae et Sibiriae indigena descripsit et delineata. Bulletin de la Sociètè impèriale des Naturalistes de Moscou 20(2)(3): 66-83, 6 pls. {1847}

1851 Description de quelques nouvelles espèces de Lépidoptères de la Russie. Bulletin de la Sociètè impèriale des Naturalistes de Moscou 24(2): 610-644 {1851}



Ezzeddine, Maya and Stephen F. Matter

2008 Nectar flower use and electivity by butterflies in sub-alpine meadows. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 62(3): 138-142, 3 tbls. {14 Nov 2008}



--F--



Fabricius, Johann Christian

1775 Systema entomologiae, sistens insectorum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, descriptionibus, observationibus. Flensburgh and Leipzig; Library Kortii: [iv] + [xii] + [xvi] + 832 pp. (Appendix: 816-832) {[17 Apr] 1775}

1777 Genera insectorum eorumque characters naturales secundum numerum, figuram, situm et proportionem omnium partium oris adjecta mantissa specierum nuper detectarum. Chilonii; Mich. Friedr. Bartsch: [xvi] + 310 (324) pp. {[1777]; per H. Gaonkar}

1781-82

Species insectorum exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin adjectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Hamburgii & Kilonii, Carl Ernest, Bohnii; 1: viii + 1-552 (1781); 2: 1-494 {[Mar] 1781}; Appendix: 495-514, Index: 515-517 {1781 [28 Sep 1782]}

1787 Mantissa insectorum sistens eorum species nuper detectas adjectis characteribus genericus, differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. Hafniae; Christian Gottlieb Proft; 1: xx + 348 pp.; 2: [i] + 382 pp. (Appendix: 377-382) {[27 Dec] 1787}

1793 Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonymis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Hafniae; Christian Gottlieb Proft, Fil. et Soc. 3(1): [vi] + 487 pp., {[after 28 Aug] 1793}

1796 Index alphabeticus in J. C. Fabricii entomologiam systematicam, emendatam et auctam, ordines, genera et species continens. Hafniae; Christian Gottlieb Proft et Storch: 175 pp. {1796}

1797 Epitome entomologiae fabricianae sive nomenclator entomologicus emendatus sistens fabriciani systematis cum linneano comparationem adiectis characteribus ordinum et generum, specibus novis aliorum entomologorum, insectorum habitationibus nominibus germanorum francogallorum anglorum. Cum indicibus et bibliotheca fabriciana. Lipsiae; Feind: xvi + 224 pp. {1797}

1798-9 Supplementum. Entomologiae systematicae. Hafniae; Proft et Storch: [iv] + 572 pp., {[20 May] 1798}; Index alphabeticus in Supplementum: 52 pp. {[12 Dec] 1799}

1807 In: J. C. Illiger, Die neueste Gattungs-Eintheilung der Schmetterlinge aus den Linnéischen Gattungen Papilio und Sphinx. Magazin für Insektenkunde herausgegeben von Karl Illiger 6: 277-289 (anonymous; authorship implied) {[19 Dec] 1807}

1938 Systema glossatorum secundum ordines, genera, species adiectis synonymis locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Pp. [i]-xii, 13-112, in: F. Bryk, J. Chr. Fabricius, Systema Glossatorum. (Brunovici; C. Reichard 1807). Neubrandenberg; Verlag Gustav Feller, Sammlung naturwissenschaftlicher Facsimile-Drucke: [i]-xii, [i]-xii, 13-112, 277-289, 81-84 {1938} [facsimile of the incomplete proof of the Systema Glossatorum, printed in 1807 in Brunovici by Karl Reichard, plus facsimiles of Fabricius, 1807a, 1807b]



Fabricius, Othonis

1780 Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque, synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli, prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes. Hafniae et Lipsiae; J. G. Rothe: xvi, 452 pp., 1 pl. [Insects: pp. 184-221] {1780}



Farber, Paul Lawrence

1976 The type-concept in zoology during the first half of the nineteenth century. Journal of the History of Biology 9(1): 93-119 {Spring, 1976}



Farris, James S.

1975 Formal definitions of paraphyly and polyphyly. Systematic Zoology 23(4): 548-554 {Dec 1974, 19 Feb 1975}



Fassl, Anton Hermann

1922a Zwei Papilio-Novitäten aus Brasilien. Entomologische Rundschau 39(1): 1 {15 Jan 1922}

1922b Neue Schmetterlingsformen aus Brasilien. Entomologische Zeitschrift 36(10): 38-39 {26 Aug 1922}



Faulkner, David K. and John W. Brown

1993 The Hermes Copper, Lycaena hermes. Pp. 120-121, in: T. New, (Ed.), Conservation biology of Lycaenidae (butterflies). Gland, Switzerland; International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Occasional paper of the IUCN Species Survival Commission, no. 8: viii + 173 pp., illus., maps {1993}



Faynel, Christophe

2006 Le genre Oenomaus Hübner, 1819, en Guyane française (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 111(2): 137-156 {2006}

2008 Le genre Oenomaus Hübner, 1819, en Guyane française. 2e partie (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 113(1): 15-32 {2008}



Faynel, Christophe and Zsolt Bálint

2004 Supplementary information on neotropical Eumaeini primary type material and further historical specimens deposited in the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris (Lycaenidae, Theclinae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 109(3): 263-286, 16 figs. {[26] Aug 2004}



Faynel, Christophe, Robert C. Busby, Robert K. Robbins

2012 Review of the species level taxonomy of the neotropical butterfly genus Oenomaus (Lycaenidae, Theclinae, Eumaeini). ZooKeys 222: 11-45, 47 figs., 2 tbls. {20 Sep 2012}



Faynel, Christophe, and Alfred Moser

2008 The Neotropical genus Oenomaus Hübner with description of eight new species belonging to the atena group (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Lambillionea 108(2) (suppl. I): 136, 13 pls., 10 figs., 1 tab. {Jun 2008} [Erratum. Ibidem 108(3): 361, pl. 10) {Sep 2008}]



Fehrenbach, H.

1995 Egg shells of Lepidoptera: fine structure and phylogenetic implications. Zoologischer Anzeiger 234(1): 19-41 {1995}



Felder, Cajetan von

1860 Lepidopterorum Amboinensium species novae diagnosibus collustratae a D. C. Felder [a Dre. L. Doleschall annis 1856-1858 collectorum species novae diagnosibus collustrate. (1) Rhopalocera.] In: G. R. von Frauenfeld, Diagnosen einiger neuer Insecten und Untersuchung mehrerer Sandproben verschiedener Küstenpunkte, gesammelt während der Reise Sr. Maj. Fregatte Novara. Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Academie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 40(11): (447), 448-462 {1860}

1861 Ein neues Lepidopteron aus der Familie der Nymphaliden und seine Stellung im natürlichen Systeme, begründet aus der Synopse der übrigen Gattungen. Novorum Actorum Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae germanicae Naturae Curiosorum 28(3): 1-50, 1 pl. {22 Apr 1861}

1863 Verzeichniss der von den Naturforschern der k. k. Fregatte "Novara" gesammelten Macrolepidopteren. Verhandlugen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12(1): 473-496 {Dec 1862, [Feb-Mar 1863]}



Felder, Cajetan von and Rudolf Felder

1859a Lepidopterologische Fragmente. II. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 3(9): 263-273, pl. 5 {Sep 1859}

1859b Lepidopterologische Fragmente. IV. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 3(12): 390-405, pls. 7-9 {Dec 1859}

1860 Lepidopterologische Fragmente. V. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 4(4): 97-112, pls. 1, 2 {Apr 1860}

1861 Lepidoptera nova Columbiae, diagnosibus collustrata. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 5(3): 72-87 {Mar 1861}; (4): 97-111 {Apr 1861}

1862 Specimen faunae lepidopterologicae riparium fluminis Negro superioris in Brasilia septentrionali. Wiener entomologische Monatschrift 6(3): 65-80 {Mar 1862}; (4): 109-126 {Apr 1862}; (6): 175-192 {Jun 1862}

1864 Species Lepidopterorum hucusque descriptae vel iconibus expressae in seriem systematicum digestae. Pars prima. Papilionidae. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanisch Gesellschaft in Wien 14(3): 289-378 {after 3 Aug 1864}

1865-74

Reise der österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil. Zweiter Band. Zweite Abtheilung: Lepidoptera. Wien; Carl Gerold's Sohn: vi + 548 + [1] pp. in 5 parts, 140 pls.; (1): [4] + 1-136, pls. 1-21 {[12 Jan 1865]}; (2): [2] + 137-378, pls. 22-47 {[after Oct] 1865}; (3): [2] + 379-536, pls. 48-74 {[25 Apr] 1867}; (4): [6] + 1-9 [explanation of plates] {[31 Dec] 1874}; see Higgins, 1963, J. Soc. Bibl. nat. Hist. 4(3): 153-159.



Felder, Rudolf

1868 Diagnosen neuer von E. Baron v. Ransonnet in Vorder-Indien gesammelter Lepidopteren. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanisch Gesellschaft in Wien 18: 281-286 {1868}

1869 Diagnosen neuer von dem k. k. Oberliuetnant H. V. Hedemann in Mexico in Jahren 1865-1867 gesammelten Lepidopteren. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanisch Gesellschaft in Wien 19(2/3): 465-480 {after 7 April 1869}



Felsenstein, Joseph

1985 Phylogenies and the comparative method. American Naturalist 125(1): 1-15, 9 figs., 1 tbl. {Jan 1985}

1988 Phylogenies from molecular sequences: inference and reliability. Annual Review of Genetics 22: 521-565 {Dec 1988}

2003 Inferring phylogenies. Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates; 1st ed: 664 pp. {2003}



Felt, Ephraim Porter

1899 Memorial of life and entomologic work of Joseph Albert Lintner, State Entomologist, 1874-98. Bulletin of the New York State Museum 5(24): 396 pp., 1 pl. {Oct 1899}



Feltwell, John Stewart Edmonds

1982. Large white butterfly. The biology, biochemistry and physiology of Pieris brassicae (Linnaeus). The Hague, Dr. W. Junk Publishers (Series Entomologica, 18). xxvi + 535 pp., 10 pls., figs., tabs. {1982}

1993 The illustrated encyclopedia of butterflies. New York, London, Toronto, Sydney, Tokyo, Singapore; Prentice Hall General Reference: 288 pp., figs. {1993}



Fender, Kenneth M.

1930 A new butterfly aberration (Lepid.: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 41(6): 182 {[9] June 1930}

1945 A mixed up butterfly. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 40(2): 54 {Apr, 13 Jun 1945}



Fender, Kenneth M. and Stanley G. Jewett, Jr.

1953 Two new races of Euphydryas anicia Doubleday & Hewitson (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Wasmann Journal of Biology 11(1): 115-119 {Spring 1953}



Ferguson, Alexander Douglas Campbell, Daniel J. Hilburn and Barry Wright

1991. The Lepidoptera of Bermuda: Their food plants, biogeography, and means of dispersal. Memoirs of the entomological Society of Canada 158: 1-105, frontisp., 204 figs., 1 tbl., 1 map {Nov 1991}



Ferguson, J. William

2002 On the use of genetic divergence for identifying species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 75(4): 509-516, 1 fig. {20 Apr 2002}



Fernald, Charles Henry

1905 On the dates of Jacob Hübner's Sammlung europäischer schmetterlinge and some of his other works, May, 1905. Amherst, Mass.: 14 pp. {1905]



Fernández, Ambrosio

*1928 Lepidópteros nuevos de España y de América. Asociación española para el Progresso de las Ciencias. Congreso de Cádiz. Sección IV, 1928: 121-129 {before May 1928}



Ferriére, Regis and Gordon A. Fox

1995 Chaos and evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10(I2): 480-485, 6 figs. {December 1995}



Ferris, Clifford Duras

1970a A new subspecies of Plebejus (Icaricia) shasta from Wyoming (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Entomological News 81(8): 203-207 {Aug, [22 Oct] 1970}

1970b Two new forms of Plebejinae from Wyoming. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 8(3): 91-93, fig. 1 {Sep 1969(1970), [21 Dec] 1970}

1971 A new subspecies of Euphydryas from Wyoming (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 9(1): 17-20, figs. 1, 2 {Mar 1970, [12 Jul 1971]}

1972 Notes on certain species of Colias (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) found in Wyoming and associated regions. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (5): 1-23, 88 figs., 1 cpl. {10 Jul 1972}

1973 A revision of the Colias alexandra complex (Pieridae) aided by ultraviolet reflectance photography with designation of a new subspecies. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27(1): 57-73, 6 figs. {23 Feb 1973}

1974a Distribution of arctic-alpine Lycaena phlaeas L. (Lycaenidae) in North America with designation of a new subspecies. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (18): 1-13, 21 figs. {22 Jul 1974}

1974b Variation of Erebia callias (Satyridae) in the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(3): 230-236, 2 figs. {30 Sep 1974}

1976a Book reviews: The Butterflies of North America, by William H. Howe, contributing editor. 1975. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(2): 138-143 {12 Jul 1976}

1976b A proposed revision of non-arctic Parnassius phoebus Fabricius in North America (Papilionidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(1): 1-22, 2 figs., 3 tbls. {Mar [Nov] 1976}

1976c Revisionary notes on Plebejus (Icaricia) shasta (Edwards). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (36): 1-16, 39 figs. {28 May 1976}

1977a A note on the subspecies of Parnassius clodius Menetries found in the Rocky Mountains of the United States (Papilionidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(2): 65-74, 4 figs. {Jun 1976 [Feb 1977]}

1977b Taxonomic revision of the Species dorcas Kirby and helloides Boisduval in the genus Epidemia Scudder (Lycaenidae: Lycaeninae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (45): 1-42, 88 figs. {22 Nov 1977}

1980 Field notes on two hairstreaks from New Mexico with description of a new subspecies (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(2): 217-223, 14 figs. {23 Sep 1980}

1981 A new subspecies of Colias alexandra W. H. Edwards and notes on Colias hecla Lefebvre (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (63): 1-12, 45 figs. {20 Oct 1981}

1982 Revision of North American Colias hecla (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (71): 1-19, 69 figs. {10 Jun 1982}

1983a Field study of Phyciodes batesii (Reakirt) and P. tharos (Drury) from a site in the Black Hills, South Dakota (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20(4): 235-239, 7 figs. {Winter, 1981(83), 15 Apr 1983}

1983b Speyeria atlantis phenotypes in the southern Rocky Mountains (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Argynninae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 22(2): 101-114, 15 figs. {Summer 1983, 20 Dec 1983}

1984 Overview of Clossiana improba (Butler) in North America with a description of a new subspecies from Wyoming (Nymphalidae: Argynninae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (89): 1-7, 14 figs. {22 Jun 1984}

1985 Revision of Colias boothii Curtis, Colias thula Hovanitz and Colias nastes Boisduval in North America (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (96): 1-50, 130 figs. {12 Jul 1985}

1986 Presidential address, 1986: Unexplored horizons--The role of the amateur lepidopterist. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 40(4): 247-254 {11 Mar 1987}

1987 A revision of the North American Salix-feeding Colias Species (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (112): 1-25, 61 figs. {20 Oct 1987}

1988a Revision of several North American Leguminosae-feeding Colias species, with description of a new subspecies (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (116): 1-28, 46 figs., 1 tbl. {20 Jun 1988}

1988b Revision of the North American Ericaceae-feeding Colias species (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (122): 1-34, 83 figs. {22 Nov 1988}

1989a Euphydryas anicia and E. chalcedona in Idaho (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 109-115, 7 figs. {Autumn 1987 (1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}

1989b A new species of Colias from Utah (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin fo the Allyn Museum (128): 10 pp., 17 figs. {22 May 1989}

1989c Supplement to: A catalogue/checklist of the butterflies of America north of Mexico. Memoir. The Lepidopterists' Society 3 (Ed.): vii + 103 pp. {1898}

1992 Appearance of the "heathii" aberration and genitalic variation in a Mitoura population from Oregon (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 30(1/2): 113-120, 15 figs. {Spring 1991, 1 Dec 1992}

1993 Reassessment of the Colias alexandra Group, the legume-feeding species, and preliminary cladistic analysis of the North American Colias (Pieridae: Coliadinae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (138): 1-91, 134 figs., 4 tbls. {28 Sep 1993}



Ferris, Clifford Duras and Frederick Martin Brown (Eds.)

1981 Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain states. Norman; University of Oklahoma Press: xix + 442 pp., 4 cpls., 26 figs., 314 maps (contributions from Donald Eff, Scott Ellis, Michael Fisher, Lee D. Miller, James Scott and Ray Edmund Stanford) {1981}



Ferris, Clifford Duras, Cyril F. dos Passos, James A. Ebner, and James Donald Lafontaine

1983 An annotated list of the Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Entomology 115(7): 823-840 {Jul, [22 Jun] 1983}



Ferris, Clifford Duras and John F. Emmel

1982 Discussion of Papilio coloro W. G. Wright (= Papilio rudkini F. & R. Chermock) and Papilio polyxenes Fabricius (Papilionidae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (76): 1-13, 33 figs. {15 Oct 1982}



Ferris, Clifford Duras and Michael S. Fisher

1971 A revision of Speyeria nokomis (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 25(1): 44-52, 2 figs. {23 Feb 1971}

1973 Callophrys (Incisalia) polios (Lycaenidae): Distribution in North America and description of a new subspecies. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27(2): 112-118, 2 figs. {16 May 1973}

1978 Charidryas flavula Barnes & McDunnough (Nymphalidae): A question of identity. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16(3): 133-140, 15 figs. {Sep 1977, [May 1978]}



Ferris, Clifford Duras and Dennis R. Groothuis

1971 A new subspecies of Boloria eunomia (Nymphalidae) from Wyoming. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 9(4): 243-248, 9 figs. {Dec 1970(1971), [13 Dec] 1971}



Ferris, Clifford Duras and Richard W. Holland

1980 Two new subspecies of Occidryas anicia (Doubleday) from New Mexico. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (57): 1-9, 19 figs. {17 Jun 1980}



Fiedler, Konrad

1991 Systematic, evolutionary, and ecological implications of myrmecophily within the Lycaenidae (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Bonner Zoologische Monographien (31): 1-210, 19 tbls. {1991}

1994 Lycaenid butterflies and plants: is myrmecophily associated with amplified hostplant diversity? Ecological Entomology 19(1): 79-82, 1 tab. {Feb 1994}

1995a Lycaenid butterflies and plants: is myrmecophily associated with particular hostplant preferences? Ethology, Ecology & Evolution 7(2): 107-132, 1 fig., 7 tbls. {Jun 1995}

1995b Lycaenid butterflies and plants: Hostplant relationships, tropical versus temperate. Ecotropica 1(1): 51-58, 1 fig., 1 tble {Jul 1995}

1996 Host-plant relationships of lycaenid butterflies: Large-scale patterns, interactions with plant chemistry, and mutualism with ants. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 80(1): 259-267, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {Jul 1996}

1997a Geographical patterns in life-history traits of Lycaenidae butterflies - ecological and evolutionary implications. Zoology 100(4): 336-347 {1997}

1997b Life-history patterns of myrmecophilous butterflies and other insects: their implications on tropical species diversity, pp. 71-92, 1 fig., 2 tabs., in: H. Ulrich (Ed.), Tropical Biodiversity and Systematics. Bonn, Zoologisches Forsch-ungsinstitut und Museum Alexander Koenig {1997}

2001 Ants that associate with Lycaeninae butterfly larvae: diversity, ecology and biogeography. Diversity and Distributions 7(1/2): 45-60, 1 fig., 5 tbls. {Jan; online 20 Dec 2001}

2010 The coming and going of Batesian mimicry in a Holarctic butterfly clade. BMC Biology. 8: 122 (3 pp., 1 fig.) {online 15 Sep 2010}



Field, William Dewitt

1934 On the naming of "transition forms" in Lepidoptera with notes on certain forms captured near Lawrence, Kansas. Canadian Entomologist 66(11): 253-257 {Nov, 1 Dec 1934}

1936a Three new butterfly races (Lepid.: Nymphalidae, Lycaenidae). Entomological News 47(5): 121-124 {[8] May 1936}

1936b New North American Rhopalocera. Journal of Entomology and Zoology 28(2): 17-26 {Jun 1936}

1937 A new seasonal form of Coenonympha ampelos Edwards (Lepid.: Satyridae). Canadian Entomologist 69(11): 249-250 {6 Nov 1937}

1938a A new butterfly record for the United States. Entomological News 49(1): 28 {[6] Jan 1938}

1938b Variation in Habrodais grunus (Boisduval) (Lepid.: Lycaenidae). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 37(1): 23-29 {Jan-Apr, 30 Apr 1938}

1938c A new race of Lycaena mariposa (Reakirt) (Lepid. Lycaenidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 14(3): 142-143 {Jul, [19 Aug] 1938}

1938d New forms and subspecies of North American Libytheidae and Lycaenidae. Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 11(4): 124-133 {Oct, 1 Nov 1938}

1939 Distribution notes and comments upon a collection of Mexican Lepidoptera. Part I" Rhopalocera. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 26[36](5): 339-354 {1 Oct 1939}

1939b A new species of Plebejus Kluk from Idaho. Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 12(4): 135-136 {Oct 1939}

1940a A distributional note on Grais stigmaticus (Mabille) (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 13(2): 57 {Apr 1940}

1940b A new skipper record for the United States (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 13(2): 57 {Apr 1940}

1940c A manual of the butterflies and skippers of Kansas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Bulletin. University of Kansas 39(10): 1-328, pls. 1, 2, 1 map {15 May 1938, [28 May] 1940}

1940d A distributional note on Heterochroa bredowii (Geyer) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 13(4): 123 {Oct 1940}

1940e A note on Argynnis cybele krautwurmi Holland (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 13(4): 129 {Oct 1940}

1940f Calycopis beon (Cramer), a new butterfly record for the United States (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 35(4): 134-135 {Oct, 11 Nov 1940}

1941a Additional notes on Calycopis cecrops (Fabricius) and Calycopis beon (Cramer) (Lepidoptera-Lycaenidae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 14(2): 66-69 {Apr 1941}

1941b Notes on Erora laeta (Edwards) and Erora quaderna (Hewitson) (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 34(2): 303-316, 3 pls {Jun, 2 Jul 1941}

1942 Racial variation in Hemiargus isola (Reakirt) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 15(1): 36 {Jan 1940}

1943 Racial variation in Strymon columella (Fabricius). Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 16(4): 153 {Oct 1943}

1948 The correct name for the North American butterfly variously called Nymphidia, Calephelis or Lephelisca (Lepidoptera, Riodinidae). Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 50(8): 207-212 {30 Nov 1948}

1950a The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature and the correct name for the North American Monarch butterfly.Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 52(5): 234-236 {25 Oct 1950}

1950b The date of "A list of North American Lepidoptera" by Harrison Dyar.Proceedings of the entomological Society of Washington 52(6): 308 {13 Dec 1950}

1967a Preliminary revision of butterflies of the genus Calycopis Scudder (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 119(3552): 1-48, 126 figs. {1 Feb 1967}

1967b Butterflies of the new genus Calystryma (Lycaenidae: Theclinae, Strymonini). Proceedings of the United States National Museum 123(3611): 1-31, 23 figs. {9 Aug 1967}

1971 Butterflies of the genus Vanessa and of the resurrected genera Bassaris and Cynthia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (84): 1-105, 160 figs. {5 Oct 1971}



Field, William Dewitt, J. F. Gates Clarke and J. G. Franclemont

1951 On a recent proposal to correct an error committed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature at the Paris 1948 meeting. Science 113(2925): 68-70 {19 Jan 1951}



Field, William Dewitt, Cyril Franklin dos Passos and John H. Masters

1974 A bibliography of the catalogs, lists, faunal and other papers of the butterflies of North America north of Mexico arranged by state and province (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (157): [2] + 104 pp. {20 Feb 1974}



Field, W. L. W.

1904 Problems in the genus Basilarchia. Psyche 11(1): 1-6, 3 pls. {23 Feb 1904}

1910 The offspring of a captured female of proserpina. Psyche 17(3): 87-89 {Jun 1910}

1914 Hybrid butterflies of the genus Basilarchia. Psyche 21(4): 115-117 {Aug, 17 Sep 1914}



Fine, D.

2003 Variability of Cyclargus ammon ammon. Southern Lepidopterists' News. 25 (3): {2003}



Fischer, Emil

1895 Transmutation Der Schmetterlinge Infolge Temperaturänderungen: Experimentelle Untersuchungen Über Die Phylogenese Der Vanessen. Berlin; Friedländer & Sohn: 40 pp. {Jan 1895}

1896 Neue experimentelle Untersuchungen und Betrachtungen über das Wesen und die Ursachen der Aberrationen in der Faltergruppe Vanessa. Berlin; Friedländer & Sohn: 67 pp., 12 pls. {1896}

1908 Neue Tagfalterformen meiner Sammlung. Societas entomologica 23(17): 129-130 {1 Dec 1908}



Fischer, K. and I. Karl

2010 Exploring plastic and genetic responses to temperature variation using copper butterflies. Climate Research 43(1/2): 17-30 {5 Aug 2010}



Fischer von Waldheim, Gotthelf

*1823 Entomographia Imperii Russici; Genera insectorum systematice exposita et analysi iconographica instructa. Entomographie de la Russie et Genres des Insectes avec une Catalogue raisonné des espèces de la russie. Bd. 2(Lep. Ross.): 20 + 262 pp., 40 pls. {1823}



Fischer von Waldheim, Gotthelf and Eduard Eversmann

*1851 Entomographia Imperii Russici; Genera insectorum systematice exposita et analysi iconographica instructa. Entomographie de la Russie et Genres des Insectes avec une Catalogue raisonné des espèces de la russie. Bd. 5(Lep. Ross.): 151 pp., 18 cpls. {1851}



Fisher, James Coggswell

1859 Description of a new species of Argynnis. Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 10(13): 179-180, pl. 2 {Oct 1858, [before 31 Mar 1859]}

1860 [Statement.] Proceedings of the Academy of natural Sciences of Philadelphia 11(27): 352 {Dec 1859, [before 30 Mar 1860]}



Fisher, Michael S.

1974 Two new Thecla from the continental United States (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(4): 305 {27 Dec 1974}

1977 The taxonomy and identity of Papilio nitra W. H. Edwards in Colorado (Papilionidae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (47): 1-8, 15 figs. {22 Nov 1977}

2005a The butterflies of Colorado. Nymphalidae - Part 1. The subfamily Satyrinae. wood-nymphs,grass-nymphs, satyrs, ringlets, arctics and alpines. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.1; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: iv + 40 pp., 60 photos, maps {4 Apr 2005}

2005b The butterflies of Colorado, Nymphalidae - Part 2. The subfamily Heliconiinae - The greater and lesser fritillaries (Argynnini), the longwings (Heliconiini) and the subfamily Danainae - the milkweed butterflies. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.2; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: vi + 62 pp., 129 color photos, 28 maps {13 Nov 2005}

2006a Satyrium californica wapiti new subspecies. P. 46, pl. 6, in: J. Scott (Ed.), New taxa of North American butterflies. Papilio (New Series) 12 {28 Apr 2006}

2006b The butterflies of Colorado, Nymphalidae. Part 3, the subfamily Nymphalinae and relatives-The checkerspots, cresecentspots and the true nymphs. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.3; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: vi + 120 pp., 260 color photographs {30 Sep 2006}

2008 Hesperia uncas tomichi, new subspecies, common name Gunnison Valley Skipper. Pp. 65-66, pl. 4, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}

2009 The butterflies of Colorado. Riodininae and Lycaenidae - Part 4, Metalmarks, Coppers, Hairstreaks and Blues. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.4; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: v + 205 pp. 331 color photos, 12 pages of maps {30 Sep 2006}

2012 The butterflies of Colorado. Pieridae and Papilionidae - Part 5. The whites, sulphurs and swallowtails. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.5; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: [1] + iv + 192 pp., 266 photos, maps {1 Jul [28 Jun] 2012}



Fisher, Michael S. and James A. Scott

2006a Colias edwardsii (alexandra?) altiplano, new subspecies. Pp. 10-11, pl. 6, in: J. Scott (Ed.), New taxa of North American butterflies. Papilio (New Series) 12 {28 Apr 2006}

2006b Chlosyne sterope (acastus) arkanyon new subspecies. Pp. 37-38, pl. 6, in: J. Scott (Ed.), New taxa of North American butterflies. Papilio (New Series) 12 {28 Apr 2006}

2008a Neominois ridingsii in Colorado-Overview. Pp. 14-15,, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}

2008b Neominois ridingsii ridingsii distribution. Pp. 23, pl. 1, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}

2008c Neominois ridingsii stretchii comparison. Pp. 23-24, pl. 1, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}

2008d Neominois ridingsii wyomingo redefinition. Pp. 24-25, pl. 1, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}

2008e Intergradation between Callophrys sheridanii paradoxa and Callophrys sheridanii sheridanii. P. 57, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}



Fisher, Michael S., James A. Scott and Matthew C. Garhart

2008 Neominois ridingsii curicata. Pp. 21-22, pl. 1, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}



Fisher, Michael S., Stephen M. Spomer, James A. Scott

2006 Euphydryas anicia wecoeut new subspecies. Pp. 31-32, pl. 5, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Taxonomic studies and new taxa of North American butterflies. Papilio (New Series) 12 {28 Apr 2006}



Fisher, Ronald A.

1958 Polymorphism and natural selection. Journal of Ecology 46(2): 289-293 {Jul 1958}



Fitch, Asa

1854 Insects of Algiers, from the Museum of Natural History of Paris. Transactions of the New York State Agricultural Society 13(151): 369-379 {1854}

1857 Third report on the noxious and other insects of the State of New York. Transactions of the New York State Agricultural Society 16(213): 315-490 {April 1857}; Barnes, 1988, Bull. New York St. Mus (461): 78, determined the correct date as stated within the body of the paper.



Fitzhugh, Kirk

2008 Abductive inference: Implications for 'Linnean' and 'Phylogenetic' approaches for representing biological systematization. Evolutionary Biology 35(1): 52-82, 15 figs., 3 tbls. {Mar 2008}



Fitzpatrick, Benjamin M., James A. Fordyce and S. Gavrilets

2008 What, if anything, is sympatric speciation? Journal of Evolutionary Biology 21(6): 1452-1459 {Nov, online 24 Sep 2008}



Fixsen, C.

1887 Lepidoptera aus Korea. Mémoirés sur les Lépidoptéres rédigés par N. M. Romanoff 3: 233-356, pls. 13-15; 1 map {1887}



Fleishman, Erica and Dennis D. Murphy

2009 A realistic assessment of the indicator potential of butterflies and other charismatic taxonomic groups. Conservation Biology 23(5): 1109-1116 {Oct, online 18 May 2009}



Fletcher, David Stephen

1979 The generic names of moths of the world. Geometroidea: Apoprogonidae, Axiidae, Callidulidae, Cyclidiidae, Drepanidae, Epicopeiidae, Epiplemidae, Geometridae, Pterothysanidae, Sematuridae, Thyatiridae & Uraniidae. London; Natural History Museum; edited by I. W. B. Nye. Vol. 3: xx + 243 pp., [2] leaves of pls., illus.; reprinted 1995 {3 Dec 1979}



Fletcher, David Stephen and Ian William Beresford Nye

1982 The generic names of moths of the world. Bombycoidea, Mimallonoidea, Sphingoidea, Castnioidea, Cossoidea, Zygaenoidea and Sesioidea. London; Natural History Museum; edited by I. W. B. Nye. Vol. 4: xiv + 192pp., [1] leaf of pls.; reprinted 1995 {17 Jun 1982}

1984 The generic names of moths of the world. Pyraloidea. London; Natural History Museum; edited by I. W. B. Nye. Vol. 5: xv + 185 pp. {30 Aug 1984}





Fletcher, James

1889 A trip to Nepigon. Annual Report of the entomologist's Society of Ontario 19: 74-91 {1889}

1903 Descriptions of some new species and varieties of Canadian butterflies. Proceedings and Transactions of the royal Society of Canada (2)9(Sect. IV): 207-216, 1 pl. {1903}

1904 Descriptions of some new species and varieties of Canadian butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 36(5): 121-130, 2 figs., pl. {7 May 1904}



Fleishman, Erica, George T. Austin and Dennis D. Murphy

2001 Biogeography of Great Basin butterflies: revisiting patterns, paradigms, and climate change scenarios. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74(4): 501-515, 4 figs., 5 tbls. {Dec 2001}



Flowers, R. Wills

2007 Comments on "Helping solve the 'other' taxonomic impediment: Completing the eight steps to total enlightenment and taxonomic nirvana" by Evenhuis (2007). Zootaxa 1494: 67-68 {31 May 2007}



Fontaine, Maurice

1986 Generalités, clés de determination des chenilles et classification des espéces des genres Precis Hbn. et Junonia Hbn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin et Annales de la Société royale entomologique de Belgique 121(9): 317-364 {Sep 1985, 15 Feb 1986}



Forbes, Gregory S.

1981 Description and taxonomic implications of an unusual Arizona population of Apodemia mormo (Riodinidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 18(3): 201-207 {Autumn 1979(1981), 24 Apr 1981}



Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield

1927 The American Catopsilias (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 20(4): 474-480 {30 Dec 1927}

1928 A key to the forms of the genus Chlosyne. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 21(1): 98-100 {Mar [18 Apr] 1928}

1929 Variation in Junonia lavinia (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Journal of the New York entomological Society 36(4): 305-321, 1 pl. {Dec 1928, [9 Jan 1929]}

1936 The persius group of Thanaos (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). Psyche 43(4): 104-113 {Dec 1936}

1939 Revisional notes on the Danainae (Lepidoptera). Entomologica Americana (n.s.)19(2): 101-140, 1 pl., 1 fig. {May, Apr 22 1939}

1941a Line-elements in butterfly patterns (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 52(6): 151-154 {[16] Jun 1941}

1941b The Lepidoptera of the Dry Tortugas. Psyche 48(4): 147-148 {Mar, Dec 1941}

1943 What is Thecla liparops? (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Entomological News 54(5): 115-117, pl. 1 {[5] May 1943}

1944 Revisional notes on the Danainae (Supplement). Journal of the New York entomological Society 51(4): 295-304, 2 figs. {Dec 1943, [3 Jan 1944]}

1945 The genus Phyciodes (Lepidoptera, Nymphalinae). Entomologica Americana (n.s.)24: 139-207, pls. 7-14 {Oct 1944, 24 May 1945}

1947 Buckeyes and Wegener. Entomologist 80(1006): 56-58, 7 figs. {26 Mar 1947}

1960 Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states. Part IV. Agaristidae through Nymphalidae including Butterflies. Memoirs of the Cornell University agricultural Experiment Station 371(part 4): 188 pp., 188 text figures. {Sep 1960}



Ford, Edmund Brisco

1924 The geographical races of Heodes phlaeas L. Transactions of the entomological Society of London 1923(3/4): 692-743 {15 Apr 1924}

1944 Studies on the chemistry of pigments in the Lepidoptera with reference to their bearing on systematics. 4. The classification of the Papilionidae. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 94(2): 201-223 {29 Dec 1944}



Fordyce, James A.

2000 A model without a mimic: Aristolochic acids from the California Pipevine Swallowtail, Battus philenor hirsuta, and its host plant, Aristolochia californica. Journal of Chemical Ecology 26(11): 2567-2578, 4 figs., 1 tbl. {Nov 2000}

2010 Host shifts and evolutionary radiations of butterflies. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 277(1701): 3735-3743, 2 figs., 1 tab. (22 December, online 7 July 2010}



Fordyce, James A., Matthew L. Forister, Chris C. Nice, John M. Burns and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

2008 Patterns of genetic variation between the checkered skippers Pyrgus communis and Pyrgus albescens (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 101(4): 794-800, 3 figs., 2 tbls. {Jul 2008}



Fordyce, James A. and Chris C. Nice

2003 Contemporary patterns in a historical context: Phylogeographic history of the pipevine swallowtail, Battus philenor (Papilionidae). Evolution 57(5): 1089-1099, 4 figs., 4 tbls. {10 Jun 2003}



Fordyce, James A., Chris C. Nice, Matthew L. Forister and Arthur M. Shapiro

2002 The significance of wing pattern diversity in the Lycaenidae: Mate discrimination by two recently diverged species. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 15(5): 871-879, 5 figs. {Sep 2002}



Forey, Peter L. (Ed.) Christopher J. Humphries, Ian J. Kitching, Robert W Scotland, Darrell J Siebert, and David M. Williams

1992 Cladistics. A practical course in systematics. Clarendon Press. Oxford: x + 191 pp. {1992}



Forister, Matthew L.

2004 Oviposition preference and larval performance within a diverging lineage of lycaenid butterflies. Ecological Entomology 29(3): 264-272, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {Jun, 25 May 2004}

2005a Independent inheritance of preference and performance in hybrids between host races of Mitoura butterflies (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Evolution 59(5): 1149-1155, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {May 2005}

2005b Influence of host plant phenology on Mitoura nelsoni (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 98(3): 295-301 {2005}

2009 Anthropogenic islands in the arid west: Comparing the richness and diversity of insect communities in cultivated fields and neighboring wildlands. Environmental Entomology 38(4 ): 1028-1037. 6 figs., 2 tbls. {Aug 2009}



Forister, Matthew L., James A. Fordyce, Chris Nice, Zachariah Gompert and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

2006 Egg morphology varies among populations and habitats along a suture zone in the Lycaeides idas-melissa species complex (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 99(5): 933-937, 3 figs., 1 tbl. {Sep 2006}



Forister, Matthew L., James A . Fordyce and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

2004 Geological barriers and restricted gene flow in the holarctic skipper Hesperia comma (Hesperiidae). Molecular Ecology 13(11): 3489-3499, 6 figs., 1 tbl. (Nov; 21 Sep 2004)



Forister, Matthew L., Zachariah Gompert, James A. Fordyce and Chris C. Nice

2010 After 60 years, an answer to the question: what is the Karner blue butterfly? Biology Letters 7(3): 399-402, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {23 Jun 2011, online 22 December 2010}



Forister, Matthew L., Andrew C. McCall, Nathan J. Sanders, James A. Fordyce, James H. Thorne, Joshua O'Brien, David P. Waetjen, and Arthur M. Shapiro

2010 Compounded effects of climate change and habitat alteration shift patterns of butterfly diversity. Proceedings of the national Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107(5): 2088-2092, 4 figs. (app. 10 pp., 3 figs., 10 tbls.) {2 Feb (online 19 Jan) 2010}



Forister, Matthew L. and John K. McKay

2005 Post-modern speciation. Ecology, 86(3): 808-809. {Mar 2005}



Forister, Matthew L., Chris C. Nice, James A. Fordyce and Zachariah Gompert

2009 Host range evolution is not driven by the optimization of larval performance: the case of Lycaeides melissa (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) and the colonization of alfalfa. Oecologia 160(3): 551-561, 3 fig. {Jun, online 7 Mar 2009}



Forister, Matthew L., Chris C. Nice, James A. Fordyce, Zachariah Gompert and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

2007 Considering evolutionary processes in the use of single-locus genetic data for conservation, with examples from the Lepidoptera. Journal of Insect Conservation 12(1): 37-51, 1 tbl. {February 2008, online 1 Feb 2007}



Forister, Matthew L. and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

2003 Wing pattern variation in the anise Swallowtail, Papilio zelicaon (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 96(1): 73-80, 5 figs., 2 tbls. {Jan 2003}



Forster, Walter

1936 Beitrag zu Systematik des Tribus Lycaenini unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der argyrognomen und der argus-Gruppe (Lep. Lycaenidae). Mitteilungen der Münchner entomologischen Gesellschaft 26(2): 4-150, pls. 3-15 {20 Sep 1936}

1937 Beitrag zu Systematik des Tribus Lycaenini unter besonderer Berucksichtigung der argyrognomen und der argus-Gruppe (Lep. Lycaenidae). Mitteilungen der Münchner entomologischen Gesellschaft 26(3): 164 {15 Feb 1937}

1938 Das system der paläarktischen Polyommatini (Lep. Lycaenidae). Mitteilungen der Münchner entomologischen Gesellschaft 28(2): 97-118 {20 Aug 1938}; (3): 395 {1 Dec 1938}

1964 Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Insecktenfauna Boliviens XIX. Lepidoptera III, Satyridae. Veröffentlichungen der zoologischen Staatssammlung München 8: 51-188, pls. 27-35, 264 figs. {15 Aug 1964}



Forster, Walter, and Theodor A. Wohlfart

1955 Die Schmetterlinge Mitteleuropas. Band II. Tagfalter. Diurna (Rhopalocera und Hesperiidae). Stuttgart, Germany, Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung 2: v + 126 pp.; pls. 1-28 {1955}



Fox, Charles L.

1921 A new aberrant form of Vanessa virginiensis Drury (Huntera Fabr.). Psyche 28(2): 45-46, pl. 2 {Apr, 24 May 1921}

1924 A new lycaenid (Lep.) from the Pacific Coast. Entomological News 35(4): 140-141 {[2] Apr 1924}



Fox, Charles W. and Jason B. Wolf

2006 Evolutionary genetics: concepts and case studies. Oxford/New York; Oxford University Press: xvi + 592 pp., illus {2006}



Fox, Richard Middleton

1939 Notes on Oeneis katahdin and semidea with designation of types (Lepid.: Satyridae). Entomological News 50(8): 213-216 {[6] Oct 1939}

1942 Catalogue of the types in the L. W. Mengel Butterfly Collection. Reading public Museum and Art Gallery, scientific Publications 4: 1-27, 1 pl., 4 figs. {15 Oct 1942}.



Fox, Richard Middleton and Alden C. Forbes

1971 The butterflies of the genera Siproeta and Metamorpha (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 43(8): 223-247, 6 pls. {24 Dec 1971}



Franck, George

1919a Papilio cresphontes, var. maxwelli, nov. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 14(1): 3 {27 Feb 1919}

1919b Papilio cresphontes, var. maxwelli Franck. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 14(3): 101 {Jun, 31 Jul 1919}



Franzén, Markus and Erik Öckinger

2012 Climate-driven changes in pollinator assemblages during the last 60 years in an Arctic mountain region in Northern Scandinavia. Journal of Insect Conservation 16(2): 227-238 {Apr 2012}



Freeman, Hugh Avery

1941a A new species of Amblyscirtes from Texas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Entomological News 52(2): 50-51 {[21] Feb 1941}

1941b Lerodea tyrtaeus (Ploetz), new to the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Field and Laboratory 9(2): 45 {May 1941}

1942 Notes on some North American Hesperiidae with the description of a new race of Polites verna (Edwards) (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Entomological News 53(4): 103-106 {[20] Apr 1942}

1943a Two new species of Amblyscirtes from Texas and Arkansas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 54(1): 17-20 {Jan, [6 Feb] 1943}

1943b New Hesperioidea, with notes on some others from the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Entomological News 54(3): 72-77 {Mar, [7 Apr] 1943}

1943c Notes on and redescriptions of Megathymus yuccae (Bdv. & LeC.) and its subspecies. Entomological News 54(9): 211-217 {[11] Nov 1943}

1944a A new form of Hesperia metea Scudder from Texas (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). Field and Laboratory 12(1): 20-22 {Jan 1944}

1944b A new form of Hesperia leonardus (Harris) from the middle western United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 38(5): 153-154 {Dec 1943, 14 Mar 1944}

1944c A new subspecies of Polites themistocles (Latreille) from British Columbia, Canada (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperioidea). Entomological News 55(2): 47-48 {Feb, [17 Mar] 1944}

1944d Notes on the streckeri group of the genus Megathymus (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Entomological News 55(4): 103-105 {Apr, [3 May] 1944}

1945a Notes on some North American Hesperiidae, with two new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Entomological News 56(1): 4-5 {Jan, [16 Feb] 1945}

1945b Notes on some Hesperiidae, with new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Entomological News 56(4): 102-104 {Apr, [25 May] 1945}

1945c A new species of Lerodea from Texas (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 56(8): 203-205; 1 fig. {[19] Oct 1945}

1946a Notes on some skippers, with new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Hesperiidae). Canadian Entomologist 77(11): 201 {Nov 1945, 18 Apr 1946}

1946b Two new species of skippers from North and Central America (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 57(8): 185-187, 2 figs. {Oct, [20 Dec] 1946}

1947 New skipper records for the United States. Entomological News 58(7): 184-186 {Jul, [27 Oct] 1947}

1948 Notes on some North American skippers, with the description of a new species from Kansas (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 59(8): 203-206 {Oct, [23 Dec] 1948}

1949a Notes on some tropical American skippers (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Field and Laboratory 17(3): 75-81, 16 figs. {Jun 1949}

1949b A summary of new butterflies from Texas. Texas Journal of Science 1(3): 40-41 {30 Sep 1949}

1950a A new species of hairstreak and new records for the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Lycaenidae). Field and Laboratory 18(1): 12-15 {2 Jan 1950}

1950b Further observations on Calpodes evansi Freeman (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Field and Laboratory 18(1): 15-17, 1 pl. {2 Jan 1950}

1950c The distribution and flower preferences of the Theclinae of Texas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Lycaenidae). Field and Laboratory 18(2): 65-73 {3 Apr 1950}

1950d Note. The distribution of Wallengrenia otho (Abbot & Smith) and its subspecies in the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Field and Laboratory 18(2): 78 {3 Apr 1950}

1950e Notes on Megathymus, with description of a new species (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Megathymidae). Field and Laboratory 18(4): 144-146 {11 Dec 1950}

1951a Notes on the Agave Feeders of the Genus Megathymus (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Megathymidae). Field and Laboratory 19(1): 26-32 {18 Jan 1951}

1951b Notes. Distributional notes on Papilio palamedes Drury and its subspecies leontia [sic] R&J. (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Papilionidae). Field and Laboratory 19(1): 32 {18 Jan 1951}

1951c Notes on the genus Yvretta Hemming with a new record for the United States (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Field and Laboratory 19(1): 45-46 {18 Jan 1951}

1951d Ecological and systematic study of the Hesperioidea of Texas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperioidea). Southern Methodist University, Studies 6: 1-67 {1951}

1952a Notes on Megathymus yuccae (Boisduval & LeConte), with description of a new subspecies (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Megathymidae). Field and Laboratory 20(1): 29-33 {Jan, 29 Feb 1952}

1952b Two new species of Megathymus from Texas and Mexico (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Megathymidae). American Museum Novitates (1593): 1-9, 13 figs. {29 Oct 1952}

1955 Four new species of Megathymus (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Megathymidae). American Museum Novitates (1711): 1-20, 34 figs. {11 Mar 1955}

1956 A new species of Hesperia from California (Hesperiidae). Lepidopterists' News 9(6): 196-198; 5 figs. {1955, 16 Apr 1956}

1959 A revision of the genera of the Megathymidae, with the description of three new genera. Lepidopterists' News 12(3/4): 81-92, 5 figs. {1958, 26 Jan 1959}

1960 Notes on Agathymus in Texas, and the description of a new species from Mexico (Megathymidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 14(1):58-62, 1 pl. {15 Dec 1960}

1962 A new species of Agathymus from Texas (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Megathymidae). American Museum Novitates (2097): 1-8, 7 figs. {27 Jun 1962}

1963a Megathymus yuccae in Texas, with the description of two new subspecies. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 17(2): 89-99, 2 pls. {8 Nov 1963}

1963b Type localities of the Megathymidae. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 2(2): 137-141, 1 tbl. {Sep, [30 Dec.] 1963}

1964a A new species of Apodemia from Texas (Riodinidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 18(2): 75-77, 1 pl. {28 Aug 1964}

1964b Four new species of Agathymus from Texas (Megathymidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 18(3): 171-185, 4 pls. {2 Nov 1964}

1965 Two new subspecies of Megathymus yuccae (Bdv. & LeC.) from Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 19(2): 83-90, 2 pls. {15 Jul 1965}

1966 A new species of Agathymus from Texas (Megathymidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 20(3): 181-185, 2 pls. {25 Aug 1966}

1967a Three new species of Hesperiidae from Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(2): 115-119; 1 pl., 4 figs. {26 May 1967}

1967b On the status of Heliopetes sublinea (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(3): 205-206 {21 Aug 1967}

1967c Polythrix octomaculata, not procerus, in Texas (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 21(4): 278 {28 Nov 1967}

[1967] Speciation in the Agathymus (Megathymidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 5(4): 209-214 {Dec 1966, [29 Nov 1967]}

1969a Zone IV: Great Plains, Canada to Texas in the plains region. Pp. 10-12, in: North American Annual Summary for 1969 [sic: 1968]. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1969(3): 5-21 {15 Apr 1969}

1969b Systematic review of the Megathymidae. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(Suppl. 1): 1-58, 1 pl. {1969}

1969c Records, new species, and a new genus of Hesperiidae from Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(Suppl. 2): 1-62, 15 pls., 29 figs.; 73 pls. {1969}

1970a Zone IV: Great Plains, Canada to Texas in the plains region. Pp. 11-12, in: North American Annual Summary for 1969. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1970(3): 6-19 {15 Apr 1970}

1970b A new genus and eight new species of Mexican Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Journal of the New York entomological Society 78(2): 88-99, 24 figs. {Jun, 19 Oct 1970}

1970c A new species of Piruna from Texas (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(4): 247-249 {16 Nov 1970}

1973 A review of the Amblyscirtes with the description of a new species from Mexico (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 27(1): 40-57, 3 figs. {23 Feb 1973}

1975 A new species of Euphyes Scudder from Texas (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29(4): 227-229; 5 figs. {24 Nov 1975}

1977 Staphylus azteca, new record for the United States (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 31(1): 62 {30 Mar 1977}

1979a Review of the Mexican Polythrix 1893 Watson (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 33(2): 124-128, 6 figs. {20 Jul 1979}

1979b Nine new species and seven new records of Mexican Hesperiidae. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (52): 1-13, 29 figs. {20 Jul 1979}

1982 Notes on some species of Astraptes Hübner, 1819 (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(3): 236-237 {14 Dec 1982}

1989 On the location of some H. A. Freeman skipper holotypes (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 43(3): 244 {7 Nov 1989}

1993 Notes on Amblyscirtes Scudder, with the description of two new subspecies (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae). Annals of the Carnegie Museum 62(4): 341-350, 20 figs. {29 Nov 1993}



Freeman, Thomas Nesbitt

1937 Notes on the specific grouping of the genus Lycaena (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 68(12): 277-279 {Dec 1936, 2 Jan 1937}

1938a A new race of Plebeius scudderi from Cape Breton Island (Lepid. Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 70(3): 61-63, 5 figs. {Mar, 2 Apr 1938}

1938b A new race of Incisalia niphon Hbn. with notes on Strymon acadica Edw. (Lepid. Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 70(12): 246-248 {31 Dec 1938}

1939 Notes on the distribution of Plebeius aquilo Bdv. with the description of a new race from Manitoba (Lepid. Lycaenidae). Canadian Entomologist 71(8): 178-180 {31 Aug 1939}



Freitas, André Victor Lucci

1999 Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera), filogenia com base em caracteres de imaturos, com experimentos de troca de plantas hospedeiras. PhD. Dissertation, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo. xii + 170 pp. {1999}



Freitas, André Victor Lucci and Keith S. Brown Jr.

2004 Phylogeny of the Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera). Systematic Biology 53(3): 363- 383, 5 + 15 figs., 4 tbls., app., figs. A-1-A-15 {Jun 2004}



French, George Hazen

1885 A new Pamphila. Canadian Entomologist 17(1): 33-34 {Jan 1885}

1889 A new species of Neonympha. Canadian Entomologist 21(2): 25-27 {9 Feb 1889}

1886 The butterflies of the eastern United States. Philadelphia, J. B. Lippencott Co.: 408 pp., 93 figs. {[1886]}

1897 A new species of Ancyloxypha. Canadian Entomologist 29(4): 80 {1 Apr 1897}



Freyer, Christian Friederich

1831-58

Neuer Beiträge zur Schmetterlingskunde mit Abbildungen nach der Natur. Augsburg, Rieger; 7 vols., 120 parts: 1184 pp., 700 pls; 1(1-16): 182 pp., 96 pls. (1831-1833); 2(17-32): 162 pp., 96 pls. (1833-1836); 3(33-48): 134 pp., 96 pls. (1836-1839); 4(49-64): 167 pp., 96 pls. (1839-1842); 5(65-80): 166 pp., 96 pls. (1842-1845); 6(81-100): 195 pp., 120 pls. (1846-1852); 7(101-120): 178 pp., 100 pls. (1858)



Frézal, Lise and Raphael Leblois

2008 Four years of DNA barcoding: Current advances and prospects. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 8(5): 727-736 {Sep 2008}



Friberg, Magne, Namphung Vongvanich, Anna-Karia Borg-Karlson, Darrell J. Kemp, Sami Merilaita and Christer Wiklund

2008 Female mate choice determines reproductive isolation between sympatric butterflies. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62(6): 873-886, 9 figs. {Apr 2008}



Fric, Zdenk, Niklas Wahlberg, Pavel Pech and Jan Zrzav

2007 Phylogeny and classification of the Phengaris-Maculinea clade (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): total evidence and phylogenetic species concepts. Systematic Entomology 32(3): 558-567, 5 figs., 2 tbls. {Jul, online 14 May 2007}



Friedlander, Timothy P.

1984 Another look at snout butterflies (Libytheidae: Libytheana). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(2): 139-141, 4 figs. {16 Aug 1984}

1987 Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of Asterocampa Röber, 1916 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Apaturinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 25(4): 215-338, 22 pls., 13 figs., 11 tbls. {Winter 1987(1988), 31 Dec 1987}

1991 Comments on Asterocampa idyja. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1991(4): 59 {Jul/Aug 1991}



Friedlander, Timothy P., Jerome C. Regier, Charles Mitter and David L. Wagner

1996 A nuclear gene for higher level phylogenetics: phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase tracks Mesozoic-age divergences within Lepidoptera (Insecta). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 13(4): 594-605 {Apr 1996}



Fristrup, Kurt M.

2001 A history of character concepts in evolutionary biology. Pp. 13-35, in: G. P. Wagner (Ed.), The character concept in evolutionary biology. San Diego; Academic Press: xxiii + 622 pp., illus. {2001}



Frivaldszky, Joanne

1886 Lepidoptera Nova et Varietates in Expeditione ad Oras Asie Orientalis Comitis Belae Szechenyi, a Dominans Gustava Kreitner et Ludovico Loczy Collecta et a Joanne Frivaldszky Descripta. Természetrajzi füzetek 10(1): 39-40, 1 pl. {10 Apr 1886}



Fruhstorfer, Hans

1904 Eine Papilio-Aberration aus Honduras. Societas entomologica 19(4): 25-26 {15 May 1904}

1905 Beitrag zur Kenntnis einiger Prepona-Arten und Übersicht der bekannten Arten dieser Gattung. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 17(2): 271-312, pls. 6-9 {25 July 1905}

1907a Neue Rhopaloceren aus Süd-Amerika. I. Victorina steneles [sic] L. und einige neue Formen. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 68(1): 13-15 {1 May 1907}

1907b Neue Rhopaloceren aus Süd-Amerika. II. Neue Ageronia-Formen. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 68(1): 15-17 {1 May 1907}

1907c Uebersicht der bekannten Anartia und Beschreibung neuer Formen. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 1(16): 111-112 {13 Jul 1907}

1907d Neue Nymphaliden. Societas entomologica 22(8): 60 {15 Jul 1907}

1907e Verzeichnis der von Herrn Dr. Theodor Koch-Grünberg am oberen Waupes 1903-1905 gesammelten Rhopalocera mit Besprechnung verwanter Arten. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 68(2): 207-309, 1 pl. {Jul 1907}

1907f Neue südamerikanische Pieriden. (Fortsetzung.) Neue Formen aus der Pieris amaryllis F. Gruppe. Societas entomologica 22(18): 139-140 {15 Dec 1907}

1908a Neue südamerikanische Pieriden. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 1(40): 305-306 {4 Jan 1908}

1908b Neue südamerikanische Rhopaloceren. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 1(42): 319 {18 Jan 1908}

1908c Neue südamerikanische Pieriden. Societas entomologica 22(23): 178-179 {1 Mar 1908}

1909a Neues über die Genitalorgane der Nymphaliden. Entomologische Zeitschrift 23(1): 228-231 [= 1-4], figs. 1-18 {3 April 1909}

1909b Neue palaearktische Pieriden. Internationale entomologische Zeitschrift 3(16): 88 {17 Jul 1909}

1909c Neue Vanessa- und Pyrameis-Rassen. Internationale entomologische Zeitshcrift 3(17): 94 {24 Jul 1909}

1910 Verzeichnis der auf der Expedition gesammelten Rhopaloceren. Pp. 350-359, 7 figs., in: T. Koch-Grünberg, Zwei Jahren Indianern: Reisen in Nordwest-Brasilien 1903/1905. Berlin; Ernst Wasmuth A.-G; vol. 2: 413 pp., 218 figs., 10 pls., 4 maps {1910}

1912 Neue Nymphaliden des neotropischen Gebietes aus der Sammlung Staudinger. Entomologische Rundschau 29(2): 14-15 {27 Jan 1912}

1911-13

Familie: Morphidae. In: A. Seitz, A., Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde. Stuttgart, Alfred Kernen. 5(84): pl. 71 {[before 15 Apr 1911]}; (91): pl. 70 {20 Apr 1911}; (96): pl. 67 {1 Aug 1911}; (134): pl 66 {15 May 1912}; (135): pls. 68, 69 {15 May 1912}; (152): 333-336 {31 May 1912}; (139): 337-344 {31 May 1912}; (162): 345-356 {5 June 1913} pls. 66-71 {1913}

1913-20

Gattung: Adelpha Hbn. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde Stuttgart, Alfred Kernen. 5(163): pls. 106-107 {5 Jun 1913}; (165): pl. 108 {5 Jun 1913}; (194): pl. 105 {3 Jun 1914}; (233): 510-512 {13 Sep 1915}; (236): 513-520. {6 Oct 1915}; (237): 521-528, pl 104 {25 Oct 1915}; (238): 529-533 {20 Nov 1915}; (252): pl. 103 {23 Nov 1916}; (153): pl. 109 {23 Nov 1916}; (285): pl. 110A {3 Feb 1920}

1914-16

Gattung: Ageronia Hübner. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(194): pl. 105 {3 Jun 1914; english 28 Feb 1914}; (237): pl. 104 {25 Oct 1915}; (240): 537-544, {14 Mar 1916}; (241): 545 {18 Apr 1916}

1915 Beitrag zur Morphologie der Prepona- und Agrias- Arten. Entomologische Rundschau 32(8): 45-47, figs. 1-7 {7 August 1915}

1923 Neue Parnassius Rassen aus Nordamerika. Societas entomologica 38(2): 5 {1 Feb 1923}



Fuessly, Johan Caspar

1775 Verzeichniss der ihm bekannten Schweizerischen Insecten. Zürich; Verfasser: 12 + 62 pp., 1 cpl. {1775}



Fukuda, Haruo and Kazunari Nicho

2001 Guamu-jima de 2000-nen ni mi rareta ch-rui to sono ch-sh no hensen. Butterflies recorded in 2000 and the succession of butterfly fauna in Guam Is., and Mariana Isles. Butterflies (Tokyo) 30: 25-35 [in Japanese] {2001}



Funk, Daniel J. and Kevin E. Omland

2003 Species-level paraphyly and polyphyly: Frequency, causes, and consequences, with insights from animal mitochondrial DNA. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34: 397-423, 3 figs. 1 tbl. {Nov, online Aug 2003}



Futuyma, Douglas J.

1983 Science on trial: the case for evolution. New York; Pantheon Books: xii + 251 pp., illus. {1983}

1998 Evolutionary Biology. (Third edition). Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates: xviii + [810] pp., [8] pp. of plates, illus. (some col.), maps {1998}

2005 Evolution. Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates: xv + 603 pp., illus. (chiefly col.), col. maps {2005}

2009 Evolution (2nd edition). Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates: xvi + 633 + [62] pp., illus. (chiefly col.), col. maps {2009}



--G--



Gabriel, Alfred George

1924 Catalogue of the type specimens of Lepidoptera Rhopalocera in the British Museum (Natural History). Part III. Nymphalidae. London; Oxford Univeristy Press/Trustees of the British Museum of Natural History: 128 pp. {1924}



Gaede, Max

1931a Familia Satyridae I. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 43: [4] + 1-320 pp. {16 Apr 1931}

1931b Familia Satyridae II. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 46: 321-544 pp. {10 Aug 1931}

1931c Familia Satyridae III. Lepidopterorum Catalogus 48: 545-760 pp. {25 Nov 1931}



Gage, Matthew J. G. Geoffrey A. Parker, Soren Nylin and Christer Wiklund

2002 Sexual selection and speciation in mammals, butterflies and spiders. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 269(1507): 2309-2316 {online 16 Oct, 22 November 2002 }



Gall, Lawrence F.

1976 The status of Satyrium boreale (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(3): 214-218, 20 figs., 1 tbl. {22 Sep 1976}

1989 Book Reviews. The Butterflies of North America - A natural history and field guide. Scott, James A., Stanford University Press, Stanford, California. 583 pages, hardback. $49.50. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 270-275 {Autumn 1987(1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}



Gall, Lawrence F. and Felix A. H. Sperling

1980 A new high altitude species of Boloria from southwestern Colorado (Nymphalidae), with a discussion of phenetics and hierarchical decisions. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 34(2): 231-252, 33 figs., 1 tbl., app. {23 Sep 1980}



Galtier, N, B. Nabholz, S. Glémin and Gregory D. D. Hurst

2009 Mitochondrial DNA as a marker of molecular diversity: a reappraisal. Molecular Ecology 18(22); 4541-4550 {Nov 2009}



Gao, Keqin and Yuanlin Sun

2003 Is the PhyloCode better than Linnaean system? New development and debate on biological nomenclatural issues. Chinese Science Bulletin 48(3): 308-312 {Feb 2003}



García-Barros, Enrique

2000 Body size, egg size, and their interspecific relationships with ecological and life history traits in butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea, Hesperioidea). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 70(2): 251-284, 5 figs. {Jun 2000}

2003 Mariposas diurnas endémicas de la región Paleártica occidental: Patrones de distribución y su analisis mediante parsimonia (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea). Graellsia 59(2-3): 233-258, 7 figs., 1 tbl., app. {2003}



García-Barros, Enrique and Helena Romo Benito

2010 The relationship between geographic range size and life history traits: is biogeographic history uncovered? A test using the Iberian butterflies. Ecography 33(2): 392-401, 4 figs., 6 tbls. {April 2010}



Garcia-Mendoza, Abisai Josué, María de Jésus Ordóñez Díaz, Miguel Briones-Salas

2004 Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. México, D.F.; Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México; Oaxaca, Oaxaca; Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza; México, D.F. : World Wildlife Fund: 605 pp., col. illus., maps (some col.) {2004}



Gardiner, Brian, Richard Milner and Mary Morris (Eds.)

2008 Survival of the fittest: a special issue of the Linnean celebrating the 150th anniversary of the Darwin-Wallace theory of evolution. London; Linnean Society of London; special issue no. 9: 120 + [2] pp. {2008}



Gardiner, Brian and Mary Morris

2007 The Linnaean collections. London; Linnean Society of London; special issue no. 7: 84 + [2] pp. {2007}



Garhart, Matthew C. and Michael S. Fisher

2008 Neominois ridingsii coloalbiterra, new subspecies, common name Roan Cliffs Satyr. Pp. 15-16, pl. 1, in: J. Scott (Ed.), Geographic variation and new taxa of western North American butterflies, especially from Colorado. Papilio (New Series) 18 {3 Dec 2008}



Garraway, Eric, and Audette J. A. Bailey

2005 Butterflies of Jamaica. Oxford, Macmillan. viii + 112 pp., figs. {2005}



Garraway, Eric, Catherine P. Murphy and Grace-Ann Allen

2009 Papilio demoleus (the lime swallowtail) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), a potential pest of citrus, expanding its range in the Caribbean. Tropical Lepidoptera Research 19(1): 58-59, 1 fig. {1 Jun 2009}



Garrity, George M. and Catherine Lyons

2003 Future-proofing biological nomenclature. OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology 7(1): 31-33 {Spring 2003}



Garth, John Shrader

1949 Studies in Arizona butterflies. I. A new subspecies of Speyeria atlantis (Edwards) from the Kaibab Plateau, Grand Canyon National Park. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 48(1): 1-4, 4 figs. {Jan-Apr, 20 Jun 1949}



Garth, John Shrader, and James Wilson Tilden

1963 Yosemite butterflies. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 2(1): 1-96, 8 pls., 6 figs. {1 July [16 August] 1963}



Garwood, Kim and Richard Lehman

2005 Butterflies of northeastern Mexico. Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas. A photographic checklist. (2nd Ed.). McAllen, Texas; Eye Scry Publishing: x + 188 pp. {2005}



Garzón, Ivonne J., Daniel Rafael Miranda and Mariano Donato

2007 Parsimony analysis of endemicity describes but does not explain: an illustrated critique. Journal of Biogeography 35(5): 903-913, 3 figs., 3 tbls. {May 2008, online 21 Dec 2007}



Gatesy, John, Conrad Matthee, Rob DeSalle and Cheryl Hayashi

2002 Resolution of a supertree/supermatrix paradox. Systematic Biology 51(4): 652-664, 4 figs. {1 Jul 2002}



Gatrelle, Ronald R.

1971 Notes on the confusion between Lethe creola and Lethe portlandia (Satyridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 25(2): 145-146 {19 May 1971}

1991 The taxonomic implications of the discovery of Incisalia irus in Florida. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1991(4): 57-58 {Jul/Aug 1991}

1998a An addendum to Anthocharis midea dos Passos and Klots 1969. (Description of a new subspecies from Texas). Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(1): 1-5, 8 figs. {1 Oct 1998}

1998b The rediscovery, taxonomy, and biology of Chlosyne gorgone gorgone and Chlosyne ismeria (Nymphalidae) in Burke County, Georgia. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(2): 1-8, 7 figs. {1 Nov 1998}

1998c Two new Nymphalidae from western North Carolina: New subspecies of Speyeria aphrodite and Phyciodes batesii. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(3): 1-7, 19 figs. {1 Dec 1998}

1999a Subspecific status of southeastern U. S. Megathymus cofaqui and M. yuccae: Renaming of the Florida subspecies of M. cofaqui. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(4): 1-6, 6 figs. {1 Jan 1999}

1999b A comment on Friedlander's Asterocampa (Nymphalidae, Apaturinae): Designation of neotypes for A. celtis and A. clyton. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(5): 1-6, 10 figs. {1 Jan 1998}

1999c An evolutionary subspecific assessment of Deciduphagus henrici (Lycaenidae) based on its utilization of Ilex and non-Ilex hosts: Description of a third Ilex associated subspecies. Designation of a neotype and type locality for Deciduphagus irus. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(6): 1-10, 1A-4A, 36 figs. {1 Mar 1999}

1999d Hübner's helicta: the forgotten Neonympha. The recognition and elevation of Neonympha helicta (Nympahidae: Satyridae) to specific status. The designation of neotypes for N. helicta and N. areolatus. The subspecific transfer of septentrionalis to helicta and the description of a third helicta subspecies from south Florida. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(8): 1-8, 13 figs. {15 Jul 1999}

1999e Three new Hesperioidea (Hesperiinae) from South Carolina: New subspecies of Euphyes bimacula, Poanes aaroni, and Hesperia attalus. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(10): 1-13, 40 figs. {24 Dec 1999}

2000a Description of a new subspecies of Poanes aaroni (Hesperioidae [sic] : Hesperiinae) from the west central Gulf Coast of the southern United States. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 2(2): 1-9, 18 figs. {15 Jul 2000}

2000b A new North American swallowtail butterfly: Description of a relict subspecies of Pterourus troilus (Papilionidae) from the southern tip of Florida. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 2(4): 1-13, 11 figs. {25 Sep 2000}

2000c Chlosyne ismeria ismeria. The International Lepidoptera Survey Newsletter 2(3):1, 5 figs. {Nov 2000}

2001a An examination of southeastern U.S. Satyrium (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Part one: An obscure new subspecies of Satyrium edwardsii. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 3(2): 1-7, 13 figs. {5 Jun 2001}

2001b An examination of southeastern U.S. Satyrium (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Part two: The identification and delimitation of nominate Satyrium liparops and the description of a new subspecies from west central peninsular Florida. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 3(3): 1-8, 23 figs. {5 Jul 2001}

2001c An examination of the Mitoura (Lycaenidae) in the southeastern United States: with the description of a new subspecies of Mitoura hesseli. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 3(4): 1-10, 42 figs. {12 Aug 2001}

2002 A review of Poanes hobomok (Hesperiidae: Hesperiinae) with the description of a new subspecies from the southern Appalachians. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 3(8): 1-8, 28 figs. {30 Nov 2002}

2003 A taxonomic review of Chlosyne ismeria with description of a new ismeria subspecies from the southern Appalachian Mountains. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(4): 1-15, 29 figs. {15 Nov 2003}

2004a A taxonomic examination of Harkenclenus titus (Lycaenidae: Theclinae) in the eastern United States. Recognition and resolution of taxonomic problems by the delineation of old names, naming of a long recognized (but heretofore undescribed) subspecies, and description of a wide ranging new subspecies. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(6): 1-17, 28 figs., 2 maps {30 Apr 2004}

2004b Description of a multilevel cryptic new species of Phyciodes (Nymphalidae: Melitaeinae) from the southern Appalachian Mountains. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(8): 1-19, 43 + 11 figs. {25 Sep 2004}

2005 Taxonomic analysis of the genus Megisto (Satyridae) in the eastern United States. Part I: Types, type localities and taxonomic relationships of the available names. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 6(5): 1-4, 2 figs. {20 Jul 2005}



Gatrelle, Ronald R. and Richard T. Arbogast

1974 A new subspecies of Lethe appalachia (Satyridae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(4): 359-363, 11 figs. {27 Dec 1974}



Gatrelle, Ronald R., Marc C. Minno and Alex Grkovich

2003 A subspecific asessment of the genus Hesperia (Hesperiinae) in eastern North America (Part I: The south): New subspecies of Hesperia metea, Hesperia sassacus and Hesperia meskei. Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(3): 1-7, 18 figs. {5 Jul 2003}



Gauthier, Alain

1984a Neue Unterarten und neue Namen in den Gattungen Papilio, Graphium, und Parnassius (Lep.: Papilionidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 94(21): 314-320, 6 figs. {1 Nov 1984}

1984b Sur la nomenclature de duex sous-especes de Papilionidae. Shilap Revista Lepidopterologia 12(3): 210 {1984, 10 Oct 1984}



Geddes, J. Gamble

1884 List of diurnal Lepidoptera collected in the North-West Territory and the Rocky Mountains. Canadian Entomologist 15(12): 221-223 {December 1883 [20 February 1884]}



Geer, Carl de

1752-78

Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des Insectes. Stockholm; Gresing (vol. 1), Hosselberg (vols. 2-7); vol. 1: 14 + 707 pp., 37 pls. (1752); vol. 2, part 1: 10 + 1-616 pp., 15 pls.; part 2: 2 + 617-1175 pp., pls. 16-28 (1771); vol. 3: 2 + 696 pp., 44 pls. (1780); vol. 4: 10 + 456 pp., 19 pls. (1774); vol. 5: 5 + 448 pp., 16 pls. (1775); vol. 6: 6 + 522 pp., 30 pls. (1776); vol. 7: 6 + 950 pp., 49 pls. (1778)



Geest, W.

1905 Colias Aberrationen. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie 1(9): 378-381 {17 Sep 1905}



Geiger, Hansjürg J.

1981 Enzyme electrophoretic studies on the genetic relationships of pierid butterflies (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) I. European taxa. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 19(4): 181-195 {Winter 1980(1981) 1 Dec 1981}

1989 Enzyme electrophoresis and interspecific hybridization in Pieridae (Lepidoptera). The case for enzyme electrophoresis. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4): 64-72, 1 fig. {{Autumn 1987(1988), 15 Nov 1988 [2 Mar 1989]}



Geiger, Hansjürg J. and A. Scholl

1982 Enzyme electrophoretic approach to the systematics and evolution of the butterfly Euchloe ausonia. Experientia 38(8): 927-929 {15 Aug 1982}

1985 Systematics and evolution of holarctic Pierinae (Lepidoptera). An enzyme electrophoretic approach. Experientia 41: 24-29, 2 figs., 3 tbls. {Jan 1985}



Geiger, Hansjürg and Arthur M. Shapiro

1986 Electrophoretic evidence for speciation within the nominal species Anthocharis sara Lucas (Pieridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 25(1): 15-24, 2 figs., 4 tbls. {Spring 1986, 1 Oct 1986}

1992 Genetics, systematics and evolution of holarctic Pieris napi species group populations (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Zeitschrift Fur Zoologische Systematik Und Evolutionsforschung 30(2): 100-122, 9 figs., 2 tbls. {Jun 1992}



Geoffroy, Etiènne Louis

1785 [Lepidoptera]. Pp. 233-342, in: Fourcroy, Entomologia Parisiensis, sive catalogus insectorum, quae in agro Parisiensi reperiuntur; secundum methodum Geoffraeanam in sectiones, genera & species distributus: Cui addita sunt nomina trivialia & sere trecente novae species. Paris; Pars secunda: 233-544 pp. {1785}



Gerhard, Bernhard

1850-53

Versuch einer Monographie der europaeischen Schmetterlingsarten: Thecla, Polyomattus, [sic], Lycaena, Nemeobius als Beitrag zur Schmetterlingskunde. Hamburg; Wofgang Gerhard: 21 pp., 39 cpls. {Teil 1-3 (1850); 4-5 (1851); 6-10 (1852)}

1878 Systematisches Verzeichniss der Macro-Lepidopteren von Nord-Amerika. Leipzig, Berlin; R. Friedlander & Sohn: xvi + 196 pp. {1878}



Gerould, John Hiram

1943 Genetic and seasonal variations of orange wing-color in Colias butterflies. Proceedings of the American philosophical Society 86(3): 405-438, 2 pls., 8 figs., 1 map {Jul 1943}



Gervais, Bruce R. and Arthur Maurice Shapiro

1999 Distribution of edaphic-endemic butterflies in the Sierra Nevada of California. Global Ecology and Biogeography 8(2): 151-162, 8 figs. {Mar 1999}



Geyer, Carl M.

1823-38

In: J. Hübner, Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge. Augsburg, Author; Geyer after Hübner's death. 3 volumes of named but not numbered plates, with short, unpaginated, text; 2: pls. [85, 119, 186, 209] {[1 Jul 1827]}; titlepages + [4] pp. (Index systematicus' vol. 1 and 2) {[1832]}; 3: pl. [9] ([1 Jul 1827]), pls. [11, 21, 26-27, 32, 43, 45] ([31 December 1827]); pls. [7, 13, 35, 42] {[1828]}, pls. [20, 22,37-38] {[1829]}, pls. [17, 24, 41, 49] {[1830]}, pl. [30] {[1831]}, pls. [25, 28, 31, 44, 50-51] {[31 Dec 1832]}; pls. [5-6, 14, 15-16, 29, 48, 52] {[latter part of 1833]}; pls. [1, 12, 18] {[1834]}; pls. [2-4, 10, 19, 23, 39, 46] {[1835]}: pl. [40] {[1837]}; pls. [8, 33-34, 36, 47, 53] {[1838]}

1827-37

In: J. Hübner, Zuträge zur Sammlung exotischer Schmettlinge [sic]. Augsburg; Jacob Hübner; 4: pls. [132-137] {[31 Dec 1831]}; 1-48 {1832}; 5: pls. [138-143] {[1 Jan 1833]}; pls. [144-151] {[latter part of 1833]}; 5: pls. [152-172] {[31 Dec 1836]}; 5: 1-52 {1837}



Ghiselin, Michael T.

1974 A radical solution to the species problem. Systematic Zoology 23(4): 536-544 {Dec1974}

1988 Species individuality has no necessary connection with evolutionary gradualism. Systematic Zoology 37(1):66-67 {Mar 1988}

2004 Mayr on species concepts, categories and taxa. Ludus Vitalis 12(21): 53-66 {2004}



Giacomelli, Eugenio

1911 Lepidópteros riojanos neuvos o poco conocidos. Anales de la Sociedad Cientifica Argentina 72(1): 19-26 {Jul 1911}



Gibson, Arthur

1920 The Lepidoptera collected by the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-1918 (With notes on other species collected in arctic America). Report of the Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-1918 3(i): 1i-58i, pls. 1-5 (2 colored), fig. 1. {10 Jan 1920} Ottawa, J. de Labroquerie Taché: xi + 360 pp. {1920}



Gilbert, Lawrence Edmund

1969 On the ecology of natural dispersal: Dione moneta poeyii in Texas (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23(3): 177-185, 3 figs. {24 Sep 1969}

2003 Adaptive novelty through introgression in Heliconius wing patterns: Evidence for shared genetic "tool box" from synthetic hybrid zones and a theory of diversification. Pp. 81-318, in: C. Boggs, W. Watt & P. Ehrlich (Eds.), Butterflies: Ecology and evolution taking flight. Chicago; University of Chicago Press: xvii + 739 pp., [14] pp. pls., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {2003}



Gilbert, Lawrence E. & Michael C. Singer

1973 Dispersal and gene flow in a butterfly species. American Naturalist 107(953): 58-72, 6 figs., 2 tbls. {Jan. - Feb., 1973}



Gilbert, Pamela

1977 A compendium of the biographical literature on deceased entomologists. London; British Museum (Natural History): [xiv] + 455 pp., illus., ports {1977}



Gillespie, Mark, Steve D. Wratten, Rob Cruickshank, Benjamin H. Wiseman and George W. Gibbs

2012 Incongruence between morphological and molecular markers in the butterfly genus Zizina (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) in New Zealand. Systematic Entomology 38(1): 151-163, 8 figs., 3 tbls {Jan 2013, online 1 Nov 2012}



Gillett, Michael P. T.

1999 Preliminary notes on some newly recorded butterflies from the UAE and adjacent parts of northern Oman (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Tribulus 9(1): 22-23 {Spring 1991}

2002 Occurrence of the Western Pygmy Blue butterfly Brephidium exilis [Boisduval] on offshore islands of Abu Dhabi, including Marawah lsland (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Tribulus 12(2): 20-21, [2] figs. {Autumn-Winter 2002}



Gillett, Michael P. T. and Conrad P. D. T. Gillett

2002 A winter survey of insects and other terrestrial invertebrates on Marawah Island, Abu Dhabi. Tribulus 12(2): 12-1 9 {Autumn-Winter 2002}



Gillette, Clyde F.

1989 The general biology and distribution of Colias occidentalis in Utah with the naming of a new subspecies. Utahensis 8(4): 37-51, 1 pl.. {17 May [18 Jun] 1989}



Gillham, Nicholas W.

1954 The taxonomic identity of Melitaea (Athaliaeformia) mayi Gunder (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Psyche 61(1): 16-19, pl. 2 {Mar, [30 Jun] 1954}

1955a The type of Hesperia horus Edwards (Lepidoptera: Hesperidae). Psyche 61(4): 162 {Dec, [26 Jan] 1955}

1955b Brephidium barbouri Clench a synonym of Brephidium exilis isophthalma (Herrich-Schaffer) (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Psyche 62(1): 34 {Mar, [23 May] 1955}

1955c Incisalia Scudder, a holarctic genus (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Psyche 62(4): 145-151 {Dec, [25 Apr] 1955}

1956 Geographical variation and the subspecies concept in butterflies. Systematic Zoology 5(3): 110-120, 24 figs. {Sep 1956}

1956 Nymphalis vau-album (Schiffermüller & Denis), a holarctic species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Psyche 63(1): 27-29 {Mar, 11 October 1956}

1957 Subspecies versus geographic variation in Caribbean populations of Anartia jatrophae Johansson (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates (1845): 1-22, 5 figs., 5 tbls. {10 Oct 1957}



Gillham, Nicholas W. and Paul Ralph Ehrlich

1954 The butterfly types of Henry Skinner and co-authors in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea). Transactions of the american entomological Society 80(3/4): 91-117 {20 Aug 1954}



Ginzburg, Lev and John Damuth

2008 The space-lifetime hypothesis: viewing organisms in four dimensions, literally. American Naturalist 171(1): 125-131 (Jan 2008}



Giribet, Gonzalo, Casey W. Dunn, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Greg W. Rouse

2007 A modern look at the Animal Tree of Life. Zootaxa 1668: 61-79, 5 figs. {21 Dec 2007}



Gistel, Johann von Nepomuk Franz Xaver

1848 Naturgeschichte des Thierreichs für höhere Schülen. Stuttgart; Hoffman: xvi + 216 + [4] pp., 32 pls. {1848}



Glaser, Ludwig

1887 Catalogus etymologicus Coleopterorum et Lepidopterorum. Erklärendes und verdeutschendes Namensverzeichniss der Käfer und Schmetterlinge für Liebhaber und wissenschaftliche Sammler systematische und alphabetisch zusammengestellt. Berlin; Freidländer & Sohn: iv + 396 pp. {1887}

1895 Kurze charakteristik der von Joh. Friedr. Eschscholtz beschriebenen Schmetterlinge, die auf der Entdeckungs-reise O. v. Kotzebue 1815-18 in der Südsee etc. bekannt wurden. Entomologische Nachrichten 21(21): 330-334 {Nov 1895}



Glassberg, Jeffrey

1993 General Note. Aglais urticae (Nymphalidae): A nascent population in North America. Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 46(4): 302-304, fig. 1 {1992, 19 Jan 1993}

1994 Round-up review of butterfly books. Part II. Guides to butterflies of Canada and Mexico. American Butterflies 2(4): 32-35, 2 figs. {Nov 1994}

1996 Go get set on your marks: Understanding the Ladies of North America. American Butterflies 4(4): 21-23, 8 figs. {1996}

1997 Go get set on your marks: White skippers! American Butterflies 5(4): 32-35, 15 figs. {Spring 1999}

1999a Metalmarks of the Lower Rio Grande Valley. American Buttertflies 7(1): 22-27 {Spring 1999}

1999b Nickerbean Blues arrive in Florida. American Butterflies 7(2): 22-25 {Summer 1999}

1999c Go, get set, on your marks. Checkered-skippers. Part 1: Common, tropical and desert checkered-skippers. American Butterflies 7(3): 32-35, figs. {1999}

1999d The first chase butterfly Dusky emperor in the U. S. American Butterflies 7(4): 38-39, 2 figs. {1999}

1999e Butterflies through binoculars: The east. Oxford; Oxford University Press: x + 242 pp., 71 pp. of plates, ill. (some col.), col. maps {1999}

2001 Butterflies through binoculars, The west. Oxford; Oxford University Press: x + 374 pp., ill. (some col.), col. maps

2002a Go get set on your marks. Yellows part 1. American Butterflies 10(1): 12-23, figs., maps. {2002}

2002b Go get set on your marks. Yellows part 2. American Butterflies 10(4): 24-33, figs., maps. {2002}

2003 Go get set on your marks. Super sulphurs. American Butterflies 11(3): 14-25, 38 figs., 9 maps. {2003}

2003 Go get set on your marks: "Brown" Longtails. American Butterflies 11(4): 12-25 {Winter 2003}

2004a Go get set on your marks: "Green" Longtails. American Butterflies 12(1): 28-38 {Spring 2004}

2004b White-crescent longtail/rusty longtail. Their identification revisited. American Butterflies 12(1): 39 {Spring 2004}

2004c Go get set on your marks. The wizards. Fiery skipper whirlabout and sachem. American Butterflies 12(4): 22-31, 28 figs., 3 maps. {2004}

2006a Whoa! We brake for Rekoa. American Butterflies 13(4): 26-29, 15 figs. {Winter 2005, 2006}

2006b Go get set on your marks: Scrub-Hairstreaks. American Butterflies 14(3/4): 17-33, 52 figs., maps {Fall/Winter 2006}

2007a A Swift guide to the butterflies of Mexico and Central America. Morristown, Sunstreak Books, Inc. [vi] + 266 pp., figs. {2007}

2007b Go get set on your marks. Coppers: Part 1. American Butterflies 15(1/2): 20-35, 67 figs., 6 maps {Spring/Summer 2007}

2007c Here they come! The next Mexican butterflies to stray into the Lower Rio Grande valley of Texas. American Butterflies 15(3/4): 26-43, figs. {Fall/Winter 2007}



Glassberg, Jeffrey, Marc C. Minno and John V. Calhoun

2000. Butterflies through binoculars. A field, finding, and gardening guide to butterflies in Florida. Oxford, Oxford University Press. viii + 242 pp., 44 pls., figs., 3 tabs., maps. {2000}



Glazbrook, H.

1934 Capture of a species of Colaenis new to the United States (Lepid.: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 45(9): 251-252 {[9] Nov 1934}



Gluschenko, Yu. N. and A. B. Martynenko [, . . . .]

1997 Parnassius bremeri Parnassius nomion . . 31-40, : . . 3. ; {1997} [Hybrids of Parnassius bremeri and Parnassius nomion from the southern Far East and Transbaikalia. in: The animal and vegetative world of the Far East. 3]

1998 eversmanni-felderi . . . 8: 41-56 {6 Mar 1997, 1998} [Variation of yellow parnassian of the group eversmanni-felderi in the south of Russian Far East. A. I. Kurentsov's Annual Memorial Meetings]

2000 - bremeri-phoebus . . . 11: 63-96 {10 Mar 2000} [Ecological-geographical variation of the bremeri-phoebus parnassian group in the south of the Far East and in Transbaikalia. A. I. Kurentsov's Annual Memorial Meetings]



Gluschenko, Yuri N., Andrew B. Martynenko, Evgueni V. Zakharov and Alexander N. Streltzov

2001 Seasonal and geographical variation of Driopa eversmanni (Ménétriès, 1850) (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae) in the south of the Russian Far East. Helios 2: 14-34, pl. 3 {Apr 2001}



Gmelin, Johann Friderich

1788-[93]

Caroli a Linné, Systema naturae per regna tria naturae secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima tertia. aucta, reformata. Lipsiae; Georg Emanuel Beer, 3 Volumes in 10 parts (1788-[1793]). Rhopalocera; Vol. 1(5)[Insecta2]: [2] + 2225-3020 {[6 Dec 1790]}



Gochfield, Michael and Joanna Burger

1997 Butterflies of New Jersey: A guide to their status, distribution, conservation, and appreciation. New Brunswick; Rutgers University Press: xxii + 327 pp., ill. (some col.), maps {1997}



Godart, Jean Baptiste

1819-[24]

Pp. 13-328, in: P. A. Latreille & J. B. Godart, Encyclopédie Méthodique. Histoire naturelle. Entomologie, ou histoire naturelle des crustacés, des arachnides et des insectes. Paris; veuve Agasse. Volume 9(1): i-ii, 3-328 pp. {[before 13 Feb] 1819}; 9(2): 329-828 pp. {[before 17 Jul 1824]} (The whole volume is devoted to the article "Papillon." Pp. i, ii, 3-12, 706-707, and all extra European Hesperides to p.793 were by Latreille; the remaining portion was by J. B. Godart)

1820-22

Histoire naturelle des lépidoptères, ou papillons diurnes des environs de Paris, decrits par M. Godart, peints par M. C. Vauthier. Paris; Crevot; 1: 12 + 303 pp., 40 pls. (39 color) (1820); 2: 246 pp., 28 pls. (1822)

1821-40

Histoire naturelle des lépidoptères ou papillons de la France; ouvrage basé sur la méthode de M. Latreille, avec des figures de chaque espèce, dessinées et coloriées d'après nature par P. Duménil. Paris; Méquinon-Marvis, : vol. I: (Diurnes I) 7 + 12 + 303 pp., 1 pl. + 12 cpls. (1820 [1821]); vol. II; Diurnes II(montagnes alpines et départmens méridionaux). 14 livr.: 247 + 64 pp., 28 pls. 1822 (1830)

1823 Description de quelques espèces nouvelles de lépidoptères diurnes. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Paris 2: 226-243, pls. 19-21 (unpublished)



Godfray, H. C. J., B. R. Clark, Ian J. Kitching, S. J. Mayo and M. J. Scoble

2007 The web and the structure of taxonomy. Systematic Biology 56(6):943-955 {Dec 2007}



Godfray, H. Charles J. and Sandra Knapp

2004 Introduction. Taxonomy for the twenty-first century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 359(1444): 559-569 {29 April 2004}



Godman, Frederick DuCane

1899-1901

Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London, Dulau & Co., Bernard Quaritch. 1: i-xlvi {Nov 1901}; 2(148): 457-460, pl. 91 {Jun 1899}; (156): 461-484, pl. 92 {Jun 1900}; (157): 485-500, pls. 93-94 {Aug 1900}: (158): 501-532, pls. 95-96 {Oct 1900}: (159): 533-556, pls. 97-98 {Nov 1900}; (160): 557-588, pls. 99-100 {Dec 1900}; (161): 589-596 {Jan 1901}; (162): 597-620, pls. 101-102 {Feb1901}; (163): 621-644, pl. 103 {Apr 1901}; (164): 645-668, pls.104-105 {May 1901}; (165): 669-692, pls. 106-107 {Jun 1901}; (166): 693-700, pls. 108-109 {Sep 1901}; (167): 701-740, pls. 110-111 {Oct 1901}; (168): 741-782, pl. 112 {Nov 1901}

1903 Notes on some Central and South American Erycinidae, with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1903(4): 529-550, pls. 20-23 {24 Dec 1903}

1907 Notes on the American species of Hesperiidae described by Plötz. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)20(116): 132-155 {1 Aug 1907}



Godman, Frederick du Cane and Osbert Salvin

1877 Description of twelve new apecies and a new genus of Rhopalocera from Central America. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1877(1): 60-64 {6 Feb [Jun] 1877}

1878a Descriptions of nineteen new species of diurnal Lepidoptera from Central America. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1878(1): 264-271 {19 Feb, May 1878}

1878b Descriptions of new species of Central-American Butterflies of the family Erycinidae. Proceedings of the zoological Society of London 1878(2): 360-369 {19 Mar, Jul 1878}

1878c Descriptions of new species of Rhopalocera from Central and South America. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5)2(9): 257-266 {1 Sep 1878}

1879-1901

Biologia Centrali-Americana. Zoology: Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera. London; Taylor & Francis, 3 volumes (Vols. 36-38): 1(Nym., Rio.)(1879-1886); xlv + 487 pp.; 2(Pier., Pap., Lyc., Hes.)(1887-1901): 782 pp.; 3(plates): 1-48 (1879-1886); 49-112 (1887-1901)

1880 A list of diurnal Lepidoptera collected in the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, Columbia, and the vicinity. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (4)1880(3): 119-132, pls. 3, 4 {[12] Oct 1880}

1889 Descriptions of new species of Rhopalocera from Mexico and Central America. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6)3(16): 351-358 {1 Apr 1889}

1894 Descriptions of new species of Rhopalocera from Mexico and central America. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6)14(80): 95-98 {1 Aug 1894}



Goeze, Johann August Ephraim

1777-83

Entomologische Beyträge zu des Ritter Linné zwölfen Ausgabe des Natursystems. Leipzig; Weidmanns Erben und Reich; 3 Theil, 4 Vols.; 1: 16 + 736 pp. (1777); 2: 72 + 352 pp. (1778); 3(1): xl + 390 pp. {[4 Dec] 1779}; 3(2): xxiv + 350 pp. {[16 Dec] 1780}; 3(3): xlviii + 439 pp. {[29 Nov] 1781}; 4: xx + 178 pp. {[30 Oct] 1783} [Not consistently binomial]



Goldsmith, Marian R. and František Marec (Eds.)

2010 Molecular biology and genetics of the Lepidoptera. Boca Raton, FL; CRC Press/Taylor & Francis: xv + 362 pp. : illus. (some col.) {2010}



Goldsmith, Marian R. and Adam S Wilkins (Eds.)

1995 Molecular model systems in the Lepidoptera. Cambridge/ New York; Cambridge University Press: xii + 542 pp., 80 b/w illus., 22 tbls. {1995}



Goldstein, Paul Z. and Andrew Van Zandt Brower

2002 Molecular systematics and the origin of species: new syntheses or methodological introgressions? EXS-(Basel) 92: 147-161, 271-303 {2002}



Goldstein, Paul Z. and Rob DeSalle

2010 Integrating DNA barcode data and taxonomic practice: determination, discovery, and description. BioEssays 33(2): 135-147, 2 figs. {Feb 2011, online 23 Dec 2010}



Goldstein, Paul Z., Stephen Hall, Barry Hart, Steven M. Roble and John Shuey

2004 Evaluation of relationships and conservation status within the Neonympha mitchellii complex (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Report to United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Raleigh, NC. Raleigh: 28 pp., 3 pls., 4 app. {Apr 2004}



Goltz, Hans Freiherr von der

1930a Neue Erebienformen. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 44(2): 78-82 {16 Jun 1930}

1930b Gattung Erebia. In: Seitz (Ed.), Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 1(Suppl.): 132-152. Stuttgart, Alfred Kernen. {1930}



Gompert, Zachariah, James A. Fordyce, Matthew L. Forister and Chris C. Nice

2008 Recent colonization and radiation of North American Lycaeides (Plebejus) inferred from mtDNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(2): 481-490, 3 figs., 3 tbls. {online 1 May, Aug 2008}



Gompert, Zachariah, James A. Fordyce, Matthew L. Forister, Arthur Maurice Shapiro and Chris C. Nice

2006 Homoploid hybrid speciation in an extreme habitat. Science 314(5807): 1923-1925, 3 figs. {22 Dec, online 30 Nov 2006}



Gompert, Zachariah, Matthew L. Forister, James A. Fordyce, and Chris C. Nice

2008 Widespread mito-nuclear discordance with evidence for introgressive hybridization and selective sweeps in Lycaeides. Molecular Ecology 17(24): 5231-5244, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {online 8 Dec 2008}



Gompert, Zachariah, Matthew L. Forister, James A. Fordyce, Chris C. Nice, Robert J . Williamson and C. Alex Buerkle

2010 Bayesian analysis of molecular variance in pyrosequences quantifies population genetic structure across the genome of Lycaeides butterflies. Molecular Ecology 19(12): 2455-2473, 4 figs., 3 tbls. {1 Jun; online 21 May 2010}



Gompert, Zachariah, Lauren K. Lucas, James A. Fordyce, Matthew L. Forister and Chris C. Nice

2010 Secondary contact between Lycaeides idas and L. melissa in the Rocky Mountains: extensive admixture and a patchy hybrid zone. Molecular Ecology 19(15): 3171-3192, 6 figs., 4 tbls. {Aug; online 8 July 2010}



Gompert, Zachariah, Chris C. Nice, James A. Fordyce, Matthew L. Forister and Arthur M. Shapiro

2006 Identifying units for conservation using molecular systematics: The cautionary tale of the Karner blue butterfly. Molecular Ecology 15(7): 1759-1768, 3 figs. 2 tbls. {Jun 2006}



González-Oreja, José Antonio

2008 The Encyclopedia of Life vs. the Brochure of Life: Exploring the relationships between the extinction of species and the inventory of life on Earth. Zootaxa 1965: 61-68 {17 Dec 2008}



Goodpasture, Carll E.

1973a A new subspecies of Plebejus acmon. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 49(2): 149-159, 20 figs., 1 tbl., 1 map {Apr, [11 Jul] 1973}

1973b Biology and systematics of the Plebejus (Icaricia) acmon group (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) I. Review of the group. Journal of the Kansas entomological Society 46(4): 468- 485, 18 figs., 3 maps, 2 tbls. {Oct 1973}

1974 Foodplant specificity in the Plebejus (Icaricia) acmon group (Lycaenidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(1):53-63, 2 figs. {14 Mar 1974}



Goodson, Frederick W.

1947 Notes on the genus Eumaeus Hübner (Lep., Lycaenidae). Entomologist 80(1015): 273-276 {31 Dec 1947}



Goodwin, George H.

1958 Earlier dates for Libythea Bachmanii and Macroglossa Balteata. Lepidopterists' News 12(3/4): 123 {1958, 26 Jan 1959}



Gorbunov, Pavel Yuri

2001 The butterflies of Russia: Classification, genitalia, keys for determination (Lepidoptera: Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea). Ekaterinburg; "Thesis" Russ. Acad. of Sci., Inst. Plant & Anim. Ecol.: 320 pp., 41 pls. genitalia, 13 cpls., 472 maps. {2001}



Gorbunov, Pavel Yuri and Oleg E. Kosterin

2003 The Butterflies (Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea) of North Asia (Asian Part of Russia) in Nature. Moscow, Chelíabinsk. Vol. I. 392 pp., 783 + 5 figs., maps. {2003}

2007 The Butterflies (Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea) of North Asia (Asian Part of Russia) in Nature. Moscow. Vol. II. 408 pp., 852 + 5 figs., maps. {2007}



Gorelick, Glenn Alan

1970 A new subspecies of Callophrys (Callophrys) dumetorum from Washington and Oregon. (Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 7(2): 99-104, 2 figs. {Jun 1968, [25 Feb 1970]}

2005 A review of Callophrys affinis (W. H. Edwards), with descriptions of two new subspecies from New Mexico and Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 59(4): 181-190, 21 figs., 2 tbls. {16 Dec 2005}



Gorodenski, Stanley A.

1969 The genetics of three polymorphic larval colour forms of Chlosyne lacinia (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidæ). Genetics Research 14(3): 333-336, 1 fig., 1 tbl. {Dec 1969}



Gosse, Philip Henry

1840 The Canadian naturalist. A series of conversations on the natural history of lower Canada. London; John Van Voorst: xii + 372 pp., 44 unnumbered figs. {1840}

1841 Art. XXVIII.--List of butterflies taken at Compton, in lower Canada. Entomologist 1(9): 137-139 {Jul 1841}

1880 The butterflies of Paraguay and La Plata. Entomologist 13(208): 193-205, pl. 2 {Sep 1880}



Gourbière, Sébastien and James Mallet

2009 Are species real? The shape of the species boundary with exponential failure, reinforcement and the "Missing snowball." Evolution 64(1): 1-24, 4 figs., 5 tbls. {Jan 2010, online 32 Sep 2009}



[Graef & Tepper]

1878a Synoptic Table of the Genus Papilio., Lin. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 1(3): 21-22 {Jul 1878}

1878b Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. Genus Papilio, Lin., Genus Parnassius, Latr., Genus Pieris, Schrk. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 1(5): 37-38 {Sep 1878}

1878c Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. Genus Pieris, Schrk., Genus Anthocharis, B'dvl. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 1(7): 57-58 {Nov 1878}

1879a Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. [Genus Anthocharis, B'dvl.] Genus Callidryas, B'dvl., Genus Kricogonia, Reak., Genus Colias, Fab. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 1(9): 73-74 {Jan 1879}

1879b Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. Genus Colias, Fab. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 1(11): 89-90 {Mar 1879}

1879c Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. Genus Colias, Fab. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 2(1): 5-6 {May 1879}

1879d Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera. Genus Nathalis, B'dvl., Genus Terias, Swain. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 2(3): 25-26 {Jul 1879}

1879e Synoptic Table of Lepidoptera [Genus Terias, Swain.] Genus Heliconius-Latr. Genus Danais-Latr. Genus Colaenis-Huebner. Genus Agraulis-B'dvl., Lec. Genus Argynnis-Fabr. Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 2(5-9): 41-42 {Jul 1879}



Grandcolas, Philippe, Pierre Deleporte, Laure Desutter-Grandcolas and Christophe Daugeron

2001 Phylogenetics and ecology: As many characters as possible should be included in the cladistic analysis. Cladistics 17(1): 104-110, 1 tbl. {Mar 2001}



Grandcolas, Philippe and Cyrille D'Haese

2003 Testing adaptation with phylogeny: how to account for phylogenetic pattern and selective value together. Zoologica Scripta 32(5): 483-490 {Sep, online 13 Aug 2003}



Grant, Taran and Arnold G. Kluge

2005 Stability, sensitivity, science and heurism. Cladistics 21(6): 597-604 {Dec, online 20 Dec 2005}



Graser, Steve

2004 Photo essay... buckeyes. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 46(1): 32, 7 figs. {1 Apr 2004}



Graves, Sherri D. and Arthur M. Shapiro

2003 Exotics as host plants of the California butterfly fauna. Biological Conservation 110(3): 413-433, 4 figs., 2 tbls. {Apr 2003}



Gray, George Robert

1831 Description of eight new species of Indian butterflies from the collection of General Hardwicke. Zoological Miscellany (J.E.Gray) (1): 32-33 {1831}

1832 New species of insects of all the orders. In: E. Griffith and E. Pidgeon, Supplement on the Order Lepidoptera, pp. 630-680, pls. 38, 79, 81, 83*, 86-87, 102, 112, 115, 118, 133, 136-137, 140, in: The Class Insecta arranged by the Baron Cuvier, with supplementary additions to each Order. 2. In: The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named and of many not before noticed. London; Whittaker, Treacher & Co. 15(34) {[Dec 1832]}

[1853] Catalogue of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum, Pt. 1, Papilionidae. London; British Museum: iv + 84 pp., 15 pls., suppl. {1852, [8 Jan 1853]}

1856 List of the specimens of lepidopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part. 1. Papilionidae. London; Taylor & Francis: [iii]+106 pp. {12 Jul 1856}



Gray, Suzanne M., and Jeffrey S. McKinnon

2007 Linking color polymorphism maintenance and speciation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22(2): 71-79, 2 figs., 1 tbl. (Feb 2007}



Gregory, T. Ryan

2005 DNA barcoding does not compete with taxonomy. Nature 434(7037): 1067 {28 Apr 2005}



Gregory, W. W.

1975 Checklist of the butterflies and skippers of Canada. Memoir, Lyman entomological Museum and Research Laboratory, No. 3(spec. publ. No. 10): 44 pp. {1975}

1983 A revised check-list of the butterflies and skippers of Canada (Lepidoptera). Memoir, Lyman entomological Museum and Research Laboratory, No. 14: xviii + 39 pp. {1983}



Grehan, J. R.

1991 A panbiogeographic perspective for pre-Cretaceous Angiosperm-Lepidoptera coevolution. Australian Systematic Botany 4(1): 91-110, 19 figs., 1 tbl. {3 Sep 1991}



Grey, Lionel Paul

1958 Reviews. Warren's argynnid classification (Nymphalidae). Lepidopterists' News 11(4-5):171-176 {1957, 13 May 1958}

1975 Argynnis gunderi: A many splendored snafu. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1975(4): 1-3 {1 Aug 1975}

1989 Sundry argynnine concepts revisited (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 43(1): 1-10 {3 Mar 1989}



Grey, Lionel Paul and Arthur Henry Moeck

1962 Notes on overlapping subspecies. 1. An example in Speyeria zerene (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 16(2): 81-97, 2 figs. 1 tbl., 2 maps {5 Dec 1962}



Grieshuber, Josef

1998a Zur Verbreitung und subspezifischen Gliederung von Colias tyche Boeber, 1812 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Teil I. Lambillionea 98(1)(Tome 2): 126-134, 1 pl. {Mar 1998}

1998b Zur Verbreitung und subspezifischen Gliederung von Colias tyche Boeber, 1812 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae) Teil II. Lambillionea 98(3)(Tome 2): 453-468, 1 pl., 1 fig. {Sep 1998}

1998c Zur Verbreitung und subspezifischen Gliederung von Colias tyche Boeber, 1812 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Teil II (Folge). Lambillionea 98(4)(Tome 1): 509-522, 2 figs. {Dec 1998}

2004 The type material of Colias chloe Eversmann, 1847 and Colias melinos Eversmann, 1847 (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Helios 5: 3-9, pl. 1 {May 2004}

2006 The status and type locality of Colias tyche herzi Staudinger, 1901 (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Helios 7: 77-83, pl. 16, fig. 4 {}



Greishuber, Josef and Gerardo Lamas

2007 A synonymic list of the genus Colias Fabricius, 1807. Mitteilungen der Münchner entomologischen Gesellschaft 97: 131-171 {31 Oct 2007}



Grieshuber, Josef, Vladimir A. Lukhtanov and Alexander L. Lvovsky

2001 Die Lectotypen von Colias hyperborea Grum-Grshimailo, 1900, Colias aquilonaris Grum-Grshimailo, 1900, und Colias hecla var. orientalis Grum-Grshimailo, 1900 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 111(6): 168-172 {15 Jun 2001}



Grieshuber, J. and Bob Worthy

2004 Notes on Colias palaeno arctica Nordstrom, 1927 (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Helios 5: 32-36, pl. 1 {May 2004}



Grieshuber, Josef, Bob Worthy and Gerardo Lamas

2012 The genus Colias Fabricius, 1807. Jan Haugum's annotated catalogue of the Old World Colias (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Pardubice, Czech Republic; Tshikolovets Publications: x + 438 pp., 25 maps, 723 color images (32 color plates), 1 b/w photo, 11 figs. {2012}



Griffin, Francis J.

1931 On the dates of publication and contents of the parts of Strecker (H.), 'Lepidoptera etc.,' 1872-1900. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10)8(45): 257-258 {1 Sep 1931}

1932 An attempt to determine the true dates of publication of Hewitson (W. C.), Illustr. New Spec. Exot. Butterflies, 5 Vols. [1852-] (1856-) 1876. Novitates zoologicae 37(2): 189-206 {20 Jun 1932}

1934 The contents of the parts and the dates of appearance of 'Moore (F.), Lepidoptera of Ceylon,' 3 vols., 1880-1887. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10)13(77): 555 {May, [30 Apr] 1934}

1936 The contents of the parts and the dates of appearance of Seitz' Grossschmetterlinge der Erde (The Macrolepidoptera of the World), Lieferungen 1 to 130 Palaearctic and 1 to 575 exotic. Vols. 1 to 16. 1907-1935. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 85(10): 243-279 {19 Jun 1936}

1938 On the date of publication of Latreille (in Sonnini's Buffon), An X [sic], Hist. Nat. Gén. Partic. Crust. Ins. 3. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(5): 157 {25 May 1938}

1939a The "Lepidoptera of Ceylon," Vols. 1-3, by F. Moore. 1880-1887. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(7): 206 {28 Feb 1939}

1939b On the années of the Republique Française 1792-1806. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(9): 249 {Nov 1939}



Griffin, Francis J., C. Davies Sherborn and H. S. Marshall

1936 A catalogue of papers concerning the dates of publication of natural history books. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(1): 1-30 {17 Oct 1936}



Griffin, Francis J. and Howard K. Swann

1985 A revised census of the known copies of T. Martyn's Psyche 1797. Archives of natural history 12 (2): 213-217 {October 1985}



Griffith, Edward and Edward Pidgeon

1832a The tenth Order of Insects. Lepidoptera. Glossata, Fab. Pp. 577-629, pls. 2-3, 21, 43, 47, 53-54, 58, 82-84, 99, 103, 120, 126, 129, in: The Class Insecta arranged by the Baron Cuvier, with supplementary additions to each Order. 2. In: Griffith, E. (Ed.), The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation, by the Baron Cuvier, member of the Institute of France, &c. &c. &c. with supplementary additions to each Order. London, Whittaker, Treacher, and Co. 15(34) [Dec 1832}

1832b Supplement on the Order Lepidoptera, pp. 630-680, pls. 38, 79, 81, 83*, 86-87, 102, 112, 115, 118, 133, 136-137, 140, in: The Class Insecta arranged by the Baron Cuvier, with supplementary additions to each Order. 2. In: Griffith, E. (Ed.), The Animal Kingdom... London, Whittaker, Treacher, and Co. 15(34) {Dec 1832}



Grimaldi, David

2001 Insect evolutionary history from Handlirsch to Hennig, and beyond. Journal of Paleontology 75(6): 1152-1160 {Nov 2001}



Grimaldi, David A. and Michael S. Engel

2005 Evolution of the insects. Cambridge, UK/ New York, NY; Cambridge University Press: xv + 755 pp., illus. (some col.) {2005}



Grimshaw, Percy Hall

1897 On some type specimens of Lepidoptera and Coleoptera in the Edinburgh Museum of Science and Art. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 39(1): 1-11, pl. 1 {16 Sep 1897}



Grimshawe, Florence Moore

1940 Place of sorrow: the worlds rarest butterfly and Matecumbe Key. Nature Magazine 33: 565-567, 611 {1940}



Grinnell, Fordyce, Jr.

1901 A new variety of Lycaena amyntula, with other notes. Canadian Entomologist 33(7): 192 {Jul, 29 Jun 1901}

1903 Three undescribed Lepidoptera from southern California. Entomological News 14(1): 10-11 {Jan 1903}

1904a A new Thanaos from southern California. Entomological News 15(4): 114-115; 3 figs. {Apr 1904}

1904b An early collector in California. Entomological News 15(6): 202-204 {June 1904}

1905a Two new butterflies from Mt. Tamalpais, California. Entomological News 16(2): 33-35 {Feb 1905}

1905b Lycaena emigdionis n. sp. Entomological News 16(4): 115-116 {Apr 1905}

1907 Lemonias quino, (Behr), Scudder: Its synonymy and actual status. Canadian Entomologist 39(11): 380-383 {Nov 1907}

1908 Synchloe lanceolata, Boisduval, with a description of a related species from southern California. Canadian Entomologist 40(2): 71-73 {6 Feb 1908}

1916 An unnamed butterfly from San Francisco. Journal of Entomology and Zoology 8(2): 83-85, 1 pl. {Aug 1916}

1917 Two unnamed Californian butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 49(10): 349-351 {1 Oct 1917}

1918 Some variations in the genus Vanessa (Pyrameis). Psyche 25(5): 110-115, pl. 4 {Oct, 17 Dec 1918}



Grinnell, Joseph and Fordyce Grinnell, Jr.

1907 The butterflies of the San Bernardino Mountains, California. Journal of the New York entomological Society 15(1): 37-49 {Mar 1907}



Grishin, Nick V.

2005 A new banner for the United States: Temenis laothoe (Nymphalidae: Biblidinae). News of the Lepidopterists' Society 47(1): 3, 10, 6 figs. {Spring, 1 Apr 2004}



Grishin, Nick V. and Christopher J. Durden

2012 New bromeliad-feeding Strymon species from Big Bend national Park, Texas, USA and its vicinity (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 66(2): 81-110, 11 figs. {20 Jun 2012}



Grishin, Nick V. and Andrew David Warren

2004a A new swallowtail for the United States: Papilio glaucus garcia in west Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 46(3): 75, 83, 15 figs. {Fall, 15 Sep 2004}

2004b New butterfly records from Big Bend National Park. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 46(3): 86-87, 8 figs. {Fall, 15 Sep 2004}



Grkovich, Alex and Harry Pavulaan

2003 The case for taxonomic recognition of the taxon Enodia anthedon borealis A.H. Clark (Satyridae). Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 4(5): 1-15, 9 figs., 1 map {15 Nov 2003}



Grönblom, Thorvald, et al

*1944 Enumeratio Insectorum Fenniae et Sueciæ. I. Lepidoptera. I. Macrolepidoptera. Helsinki, F. Tilgmann: 28 pp. {1944}



Gronov, Lorenz Theodor

1764 Zoophylacii Gronoviani fasciculus secundus exhibens enumerationem insectorum, quae in Museo suo adservat, examini subjecit, systematice disposuit atque descripsit. Lugduni Batavorum, Theodor Haak. 2: [2] + [i]-iv + 141-236, pls. 14-17 {1764}



Grose-Smith, Henley

1887 Descriptions of eight new species of Asiatic butterflies. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5)20(118): 265-268 {1 Oct 1887}

1888-1902

In: H. Grose-Smith & W. Kirby, Rhopalocera exotica, being illustrations of new, rare and unfigured species of butterflies. London; Gurney & Jackson, 3 Vols. (60 parts), unnumbered pages, plates: 1(1888-1892): [166] pp., 60 pls.; 2(1892-1897): [252] pp., 60 pls.; 3(1897-1902): [206] pp., 60 pls. (by Grose-Smith)



Gross, Franz Joseph

1970 Zur Systematik und Verbreitung der Arten der Gattung Oeneis Hübner (Lep., Satyridae). Mitteilungen der Münchner entomologischen Gesellschaft 58: 1-25, 34 figs, 1 tbl. {1968, 1 Jun 1970}



Grossbeck, John Arthur

1917 In: F. Watson (ed.), Insects of Florida. IV. Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 37(1): 1-147 {2 Jan 1917}



Grote, Augustus Radcliffe

1864 Description of a new species of North American Papilio. Proceedings of the entomological Society of Philadelphia 2(4): 441-443, pl. 10 {Jan/Mar 1864 [9 May] 1864}

1869 On the structural characters of Polyommatus tarquinius. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(3): 307-308 {Apr, [8 Nov] 1869}

1870 On Thecla inorata, G. & R., and Thecla falacer, Godt. Canadian Entomologist 2(12): 165-168 {Dec 1870}

1872a On a new checkered Hesperia. Canadian Entomologist 4(4): 69-70 {Apr 1872}

1872b On Mr. Scudder's systematic revision of some New England Butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 4(11): 214-216 {Nov 1872}

1873a On Mr. Scudder's systematic revision of some New England Butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 5(4): 62-63 {Apr 1873}; (8): 143-144 {Aug 1873}

1873b XI. Kleiner Beitrag zur Kenntniss einiger Nordamerikanischer Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences 1(3): 168-174 {Oct 1873}

1873c XIII. Description of a butterfly new to the Lower Lake Region. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences 1(3): 178-179 {Oct 1873}

1873d XVI. On the butterflies of Anticosti. Bulletin of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences 1(4): 185 {Nov 1873}

1876 Note on Papilio gundlachianus. Transactions of the american entomological Society 5(2): 118 {Mar 1875, Feb 1876}

1888 Note on a German edition of Ross's second voyage. (1829-1833). Canadian Entomologist 20(8): 157-158 {1 Aug 1888}

1895 Systema Lepidopterorum Hildesiae juxta opera praeliminaria, quae ediderunt Bates, Scudder, Guiliemus, Mueller, Comstock, Dyar, Chapman, compositum. Mitteilungen aus dem Roemer-Museum Hildesheim [1]: [4] pp. {15 August 1895}

1896 System der nordamerikanischen Schmetterlinge. Mitteilungen aus dem Roemer-Museum Hildesheim 7: [1]-[4] {Nov 1896}

1897a Die Schmetterlingsfauna von Hildesheim. (Erster Theil, Tagfalter). Mitteilungen aus dem Roemer-Museum Hildesheim 8: 1-52, 4 pls. {Feb 1897}

1897b XIV. -The changes in the structure of the wings of butterflies. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 45(4): 333-342 {16 Dec 1897}

1897c An attempt to classify the Holarctic Lepidoptera, by means of the specialization of the wings. Part I.--The Day Butterflies. Journal of the New York entomological Society 5(4): 151-160, 1 diagram {Dec 1897}

1898a The classification of the day butterflies. Natural Science 12(71): 15-26, pl. 1 {Jan 1898}; (72): 87-99, pl. 2 {Feb 1898}

1898b Specializations of the lepidopterous wing; the Pieri-Nymphalidae. Proceedings of the american philosophical Society 37(157): 17-44, 3 pls. {Jan, 17 May 1898}

1898c Note on the diurnals. Canadian Entomologist 30(8): 201-203 {9 Aug 1898}

1899a Classification of butterflies. Natural Science 14(83): 79-80 {Jan 1899}

1899b Specializations of the lepidopterous wing; the Parnassi-Papilionidae. I. Proceedings of the american philosophical Society 38(159): 7-21 {Jan, 17 Jun 1899}

1899c Specializations of the lepidopterous wing; the Parnassi-Papilionidae. II. Proceedings of the american philosophical Society 38(159): 25-48, pls. 3-5 {Jan, 17 Jun 1899}

1900a Geneological trees of butterflies. Proceedings of the american philosophical Society 38(160): 147-154 {Jan 1900}

1900b The descent of the pierids. Proceedings of the american philosophical Society 39(161): 4-32, 1 tab. {Jan, 13 Mar 1900}; 33-48 {Jan, 19 Mar 1900}; 49-64, 1 tab {Jan, 24 Mar 1900}; 65-67, pls. 1-4 {Jan, 16 Apr 1900}

1900f Systema Lepidopterorum Hildesiae (Zweie folge). Phylogenie und Begrunzung der Tagfalter-Familien, hierzu Stammbaum und Tafel. Mitteilungen aus dem Roemer-Museum Hildesheim 11: 1-10, 1 pls. 1 fig. {19 Apr 1900}

1900g Classification of the butterflies. Canadian Entomologist 32(12): 359 {Dec 1900}



Grote, Augustus Radcliffe and Coleman Townsend Robinson

1866 Lepidopterological contributions. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 8(26): 351-387 {Oct 1866}

1867a Notes on the Lepidoptera of America. No. 1. Annals of the Lyceum of Natural History of New York 8(31): 432-466, pls. 15A, 16 {Apr 1867}

1867b Descriptions of American Lepidoptera.--No. 1. Transactions of the american entomological Society 1(1): 1-29 {Jun, [9 Sep] 1867}

1867c Descriptions of American Lepidoptera--No. 2. Transactions of the american entomological Society 1(2): 171-192, pl. 4 {Jul-Aug, [11 Nov] 1867}

1868 Descriptions of American Lepidoptera.--No. 3. Transactions of the american entomological Society 1(4): 323-359 {Jan-Jun, [8 Jun] 1868}

[1869]a Descriptions of American Lepidoptera.--No. 4. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(2): 179-205 {Sep 1868, [8 Feb 1869]}

1869b On the American butterflies referred to the genus Charis by Doubleday. Transactions of the american entomological Society 2(3): 310-311 {Apr, [8 Nov] 1869}

1873 A supplement to the "Descriptions of American Lepidoptera." Transactions of the american entomological Society 4(4): 425-435 {Aug, [Dec] 1873}



Groves, Colin

2001 Why taxonomic stability is a bad idea, or why are there so few species of primates (or are there?). Evolutionary Anthropology: Issues, News, and Reviews 10(6): 192-198 {26 Dec 2001}



Grula, John W., James D. McChesney and Orley R. Taylor, Jr.

1980 Aphrodisiac pheromones of the sulfur butterflies Colias eurytheme and C. philodice (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Journal of Chemical Ecology 6(1): 241-256 {1980}



Grula, John W. and Orley R. Taylor, Jr.

1980 Some characteristics of hybrids derived from the sulfur butterflies, Colias eurytheme and C. philodice: Phenotypic effects of the X-Chromosome. Evolution 34(4): 673-687, 6 figs. 7 tbls. {Jul 1980}

1980 The effect of x-chromosome inheritance on mate-selection behavior in the sulfur butterflies, Colias eurytheme and C. philodice. Evolution 34(4): 688-695 {Jul 1980}



Grum-Grshimaïlo, Grigorij Efimovic [-, ]

1890 Le Pamir et sa faune lépidoptérologique. Mémoirés sur les Lépidoptéres rédigés par N. M. Romanoff 4: vii + 577 pp.; 22 pls., 1 map {1890}

1891 Lepidoptera nova in Asia Centrali novissime lecta et descripta. Horae Societatis entomologicae rossicae 25(3/4): 445-465 {20 Oct 1891}

1893 Lepidoptera Palaearctica nova descripta. II. Horae Societatis entomologicae rossicae 27(3/4): 379-386 {30 Jul [11 Aug] 1893}

1895 Lepidoptera Palaearctica nova descripta. III. Horae Societatis entomologicae rossicae 29(1/2): 290-293 {30 Apr 1895}

1900 Lepidoptera nova vei parum cognita regionis palaearcticae. Annuaire du Musée zoologique de l'Académie Imperiale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg 4: 455-472 {1899, Mar 1900}

1907a .-. . . 343-392, : . III. -, -, - -' . . ' : vi + 531 ., 54 ., . [Zoogeographical character of the fauna of Lepidoptera NE. margin of Tibet, in: A description of a journey to West-China. Round Kuku-Nor, via Nan-Shan, Bei-Shan and along Eastern Tian Shan back to the motherland. Publication of the Imperial Russian Geographic Society (St. Petersburg)]

1907b . . 393-432, : . III. -, -, - -' . . ' : vi + 531 ., 54 ., . [Concerning the autochthonous fauna of Lepidoptera in Gansu, in: A description of a journey to West-China. Round Kuku-Nor, via Nan-Shan, Bei-Shan and along Eastern Tian Shan back to the motherland. Publication of the Imperial Russian Geographic Society (St. Petersburg)]



Guenée, Achille

1859 Monographique et rectificative sur un groupe du genre Morpho Latr. Où l'on décrit une espèce nouvelle. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (3)7(3): 365-374 {9 Nov 1859}

1864 Note sur quelques espèces du genre Colias. Annales de la Société entomologique de France (4)4(2): 197-200 {12 Oct 1864}

1865 Annexe F. Lépidoptères de Madagascar. Pp. 25-48, pls. 4-7, in: A. Vinson, Voyage à Madagascar au couronnement de Rhadama II. Paris; Roret: pp. 575 + 7 + 4 + 6 + 48, 7 col. pls. {1865}



Guérin-Méneville, Félix Edouard

[1830]-[31]

Lépidoptères. Pls. 13-19, 14 bis, in: Crustacés, Arachnides et Insectes. In: L. I. Duperrey, Voyage autour du Monde exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de sa Majesté, La Coquille, pendant las années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825, sous le minestère et conformément aux instructions de S. E. M. le Marquis de Clermont-tonnere, Ministre de la Marine; et Publié sous les auspices de son Excellence Mgr le Cte. de Chabrol, Ministre de la Marine et Colonies. Zoologie. Paris; Arthus Bertrand, Atlas: pl. Insectes, 1-21[1830]-[1831]; 2(2)(1): pls. 13-14 [26 May 1830], 14 bis [29 May 1831], 15-16 [1 Sep 1830], 17 [25 Nov 1830], 18 [15 Jun 1831]; Text: [i]-[iv], [v], vi-xii, 9-320 [31 Dec 1838] {[1830]-[1838]}

1831-32

Pls. 76-82, in: Iconographie du Règne Animal de G. Cuvier, ou représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus remarquables et souvent non encore figurees, de chaque genre d'animaux. Avec un texte descriptif suis au courant de la science. Ouvrage pouvant servir d'atlas a tous les traités de zoologie. Paris and London; J. R. Baillière: pl. 76 {5 Nov 1831]; pls. 77-82 {21 Jan 1832}

1838 Lépidoptères. Pp. 271-286, in: Crustacés, Arachnides et Insectes. In: L. I. Duperrey, Voyage autour du Monde exécuté par ordre du Roi, sur la Corvette de sa Majesté, La Coquille, pendant las années 1822, 1823, 1824 et 1825, sous le minestère et conformément aux instructions de S. E. M. le Marquis de Clermont-tonnere, Ministre de la Marine; et Publié sous les auspices de son Excellence Mgr le Cte. de Chabrol, Ministre de la Marine et Colonies. Zoologie. Paris; Arthus Bertrand, 2(2)(1) {10 Dec 1838}

[1844] Dixième Ordre.--Les lépidoptères. Pp. 466-530, in: Iconographie du Règne Animal de G. Cuvier, ou représentation d'après nature de l'une des espèces les plus remarquables et souvent non encore figurees, de chaque genre d'animaux. Avec un texte descriptif suis au courant de la science. Ouvrage pouvant servir d'atlas a tous les traités de zoologie. Paris and London; J. R. Baillière. Alternative arrangement either as Vol. 1, Planches des Animaux vertébrés; Vol. 2, Planches des Animaux invertébrés; Vol. 3, Texte, or as separate volumes by Animal Classes - 10 volumes. Issued in 45 parts, 450 pls. 1829-1837; Text, 1844. Vol. 10 (Insectes); ftsp., 110 pls. [1829-1837] text, xvi + 576 pp. [1844]



Guérin-Méneville, Félix Edouard, and Achille Rémi Percheron

1835. Genera des Insectes, ou exposition detaillée de tous les caractères propres a chacun des genres de cette classe d'animaux. Paris, Mequignon-Marvis Père et Fils. [6] + 198 pp., 50 pls. {1835}



Guerra-Garcìa, J. M., F. Espinosa and J. C. Garcìa-Gómez

2008 Trends in txonomy today: an overview about the main topics in Taxonomy. Tendencias actuales en Taxonomía: una visión sobre los principales temas de Taxonomía. Zoologica baetica 19: 15-49 {2008}



Guerrero, Kelvin A., Denia Veloz, Sarah Lyn Boyce and Brian D. Farrell

2004. First New World documentation of an Old World citrus pest, the lime swallowtail Papilio demoleus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae), in the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola). American Entomologist 50(4): 227-229, 2 figs. {Dec 2004}



Guilding, Lansdown

1834 Observations on the work of Maria Sibilla Merian on the insects, &c., of Surinam. Magazine of natural History [1]7(40): 355-375 {Jul 1834}



Gumppenberg, Carl von

1888 Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Gattung Erebia Dalm. Entomologische Zeitung herausgegeben von dem entomologischen Vereine zu Stettin 49(10-12): 365-393 {Oct-Dec, end Dec 1888}



Gunder, Jeane Daniel

1924 Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from California. Entomological News 35(5): 153-158, pl. 2 {[8] May 1924}

1925a Several new varieties of and aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera) from California. Entomological News 36(1): 1-9, pl. 1 {[5] Jan 1925}

1925b Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera). Entomological News 36(7): 193-200, pl. 5 {[6] Jul 1925}

1926 Several new aberrant Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera). Entomological News 37(1): 1-9, pl. 1 {[7] Jan 1926}

1927a A new "skipper" aberration (Lepid.: Hesperiidae). Entomological News 38(2): 51-52, 4 figs. {[9] Feb 1927}

1927b New transition forms or "abs" and their classification (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Entomological News 38(5): 129-138, pl. 2 {[4] May 1927}

1927c New transition forms or "abs." (Lepid. Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 26(2): 53 {May-Aug 1927}

1927d Transition forms (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Entomological News 38(9): 263-271, pls. 5-10 {Nov, [31 Oct] 1927}

1927e New transition forms (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 59(12): 281-287, pls. A, B {21 Dec 1927}

1928a A review of genus Zerene Hbn. in the United States (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 4(3): 97-102, pl. 1 {Jan 1928}

1928b The rediscovery of a lost race (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 5(1): 1-5, figs. {[28] Jul 1928}

1928c Unnamable butterflies (Lepid.: Rhopalocera). Entomological News 39(7): 201-204, pls. 7-10 {Jul 1928}

1928d Additional transition forms (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 60(7): 162-168, pls. A, B {30 Jul 1928}

1928e New butterflies (Lepid.: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 39(10): 304-306, pl. 14 {[17] Dec 1928}

1928f New Euphydryas (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 5(2): 49-50, pl. 2 {Oct, [29 Dec] 1928}

1929a A new California Euphydryas (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 61(2): 44-45 {Feb, 2 Mar 1929}

1929b The genus Euphydryas Scud. of boreal America (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 6(1): 1-8, 16 pls. {Jul 1929}

1929c An addition to Cynthia carye Hbn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 6(1): 9, pl. XVII {Jul, [10 Oct] 1929}

1930a New butterflies and sundry notes (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the Brooklyn entomological Society 24(5): 325-332, pls. 30, 31 {Dec 1929, 6 Jan 1930}

1930b Butterflies of Los Angeles County, California, being an annotated check list giving details of where to go, when to go, and what to collect. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 29(2): 39-95, pls. 17-23 {May-Aug 1930, 15 Aug 1930; separate issued 6 Aug 1930}

1930c North American institutions featuring Lepidoptera. XIX. Entomological institutions in Mexico. Entomological News 41(10): 313-318, pls. 29-33 {[26] Dec 1930}

1931 Some new butterflies (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 30(2): 45-49 {May-Aug 1931, 10 Sep 1931}

1932a A few new butterflies (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 8(3): 123-127 {Jan, [28 Mar] 1932}

1932b Macrolepidoptera: species and lower concepts. Entomological News 43(7): 169-175 {[12] Jul 1932}; (9): 236-240 {[14] Nov 1932}; (10): 261-269 {[9] Dec 1932}

1932c New Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 64(12): 276-284 {31 Dec 1932}

1933 Additional new Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 65(8): 171-173 {Aug 1933}

1934a Anthocharis sara Bdv., race stella Edw. (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Asciidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 9(4): 150-152 {Oct 1933, [21 Jan 1934]}

1934b A check list revision of the genus Basilarchia Scud. (Lepid.: Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 66(2): 39-48 {Feb 1934}

1934c Various new butterflies (Lepid., Rhopalocera). Canadian Entomologist 66(6): 125-131 {30 Jun 1934}



Gundlach, Johannes Christopher

1866 Descripción de una nueva especie de mariposa diurna cubana del género Papilio. Pp. 279-280, 1 pl., in: F. Poey (Ed.), Repertorio físico-natural de la Isla de Cuba 1(10): 279-280, 1 pl. La Habana; Imprenta del Gobierno y Capitania General por S. M. {Jan 1886}

1881a An annotated catalogue of the diurnal Lepidoptera of the Island of Cuba. Papilio 1(7): 111-115 {Jul 1881}

1881b Contribución a la Entomología Cubana. Parte primera. Lepidópteros. La Habana; G. Montiel: 445 + xxi + 445-480 pp. {1881} (Also published in parts, as supplement to the Anales de la Academia de Ciencias médicas, físicas y naturales de La Habana, vols. 18-22 {1881-1886})

1886 Zur Aufklärung über Papilio cresphontes var. oviedo m. Berliner entomologische Zeitschrift 30(1): 132-133 {Jun [late Aug] 1886}



Gunn, Norman R.

1930 A new butterfly (Lepid.: Nymphalidae). Entomological News 41(1): 17 {[16] Jan 1930}



Guppy, Crispin S. and Norbert. G. Kondla

2002 The correct spellings and type localities of butterflies named from Mount Rainier, Washington, USA. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 56(3): 180-181 {11 Oct 2002}

2003 The correct type locality of Cyaniris ladon var. quesnellii Cockle, 1910 (Lycaenidae), with designation of a lectotype. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 57(2): 150-152, 1 fig. {30 Jun 2003}

2010 The nomenclatural status of ten names in the genus Pieris (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 7(5): 1-19, 9 figs. {20 May 2010}



Guppy, Crispin S. and Jon H. Shepard

2001 Butterflies of British Columbia. Including western Alberta, southern Yukon, the Alaska Panhandle, Washington, Northern Oregon, northern Idaho, northwestern Montana. Vancouver-Toronto; Royal British Columbia Museum, University of British Columbia Press: 414, 75 figs., text figures, maps. {2001}



--H--



Haag, Karen Luisa and Aldo Mellander de Araújo

1994 Inbreeding, genetic load and morphometric variation in natural populations of Dryas iulia (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Revista brasileira de Genética 17(1): 35-39, 2 figs., 7 tbls. {1994}



Haag, Karen Luisa, Aldo Mellender de Araújo and Arnaldo Zaha

1993. Genetic structure of natural populations of Dryas iulia (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) revealed by enzyme polymorphism and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Biochemical Genetics 31(9/10): 449-460, 5 figs., 7 tbls. {Oct 1993}



Haase, Erich

1891-2 Untersuchungen über die Mimikry auf Grundlage eines natürlichen Systema der Papilioniden. Erster Teile: Entwurf eines natürlichen Systems der Papilioniden. Bibliotheca zoologica 3(8)(1)(1): 1-64 {[before Aug 19] 1891}; (2): 65-112 {[before 28 Oct] 1891}; (3): 113-120 {1891}; 2(2): title-page, [i-vi], explanation of plates 1-10 {[before 25 May] 1892}

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1993 The endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae): biology, management considerations, and data gaps. Pp. 83-100, 2 figs., 3 tbls., in: A. R. Gillespie, G. R. Parker, P. E. Pope and G. Rink (Eds), Proceedings of the 9th Central Hardwood Forest Conference. Saint Paul, MN; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station; General Technical Report NC-161; Proceedings of a Meeting Held at Purdue University West Lafayette, Indiana, March 8-10, 1993: 515 pp. {1993}



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2010 Relict species: phylogeography and conservation biology. Berlin; Springer-Verlag; Symposium on Relict Species (2007 : Luxembourg): xv + 449 pp., illus. (some col.), maps {2010}



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2012 A forest butterfly in Sahara Desert oases: isolation does not matter. Journal of Heredity 104(2): 234-247 {Mar 2013, online 6 Nov 2012}



Habel, Jan Christian, Povilas Ivinskis and Thomas Schmitt

2010 On the limit of altitudinal range shifts - Population genetics of relict butterfly populations. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 56(4): 383-393 {2010}



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2008 Africa goes Europe: The complete phylogeography of the marbled white butterfly species complex Melanargia galathea/M. lachesis (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Organisms, Diversity & Evolution 8(2): 121-129 {28 May 2008}



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2012 The burden of genetic diversity. Biological Conservation 147(1): 270-274, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {26 Mar 2012}



Habel, Jan Christian, Thomas Schmitt and Paul Müller

2005 The fourth paradigm pattern of post-glacial range expansion of European terrestrial species: the phylogeography of the Marbled White butterfly (Satyrinae, Lepidoptera). Journal of Biogeography, 32(8): 1489-1497 {Aug, online 17 Jun 2005}



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2005 On probability and systematics: Possibility, probability, and phylogenetic Inference. Systematic Biolology 54(5): 831-841 {5 Oct 2005}

2008 Phylogenetic inference, Pp. 231-242 in: A. Tucker (Ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography. Chichester/Malden; Wiley-Blackwell; Blackwell companions to philosophy 41: xii + 563 pp.{24 Oct 2008}



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1982a Phenetics and ecology of hybridization in buckeye butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). University of California Publications in Entomology (96): vii + 1-109 pp., 35 figs., 15 tbls. {Sep 1982}

1982b Mimetic selection and subspecific variation in the spicebush swallowtail Papilio troilus Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 58(4): 278-283, 1 fig. {30 Dec 1982}



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1857 Thunbergs entomologische Dissertationen. Stettiner entomologische Zeitung 18(1/3): 5-12 {Jan-Mar 1857}

1882 Contributions from the northern transcontinental survey. Notes on the genus Pieris. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History 22: 134-141 {Jun 1883}

1883 Contributions from the northern transcontinental survey. The genus Colias. Proceedings of the Boston Society of natural History 22: 150-178 {Aug 1883}



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1990 Population structure and host use in hybridizing subspecies of Papilio glaucus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Evolution 44(8): 1914-1930, 4 figs., 4 tbls. {20 Feb 1991}



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1991 Papilio canadensis and P. glaucus (Papilionidae) are distinct species. Journal of the Lepidopterist' Society 45(4): 245-258 {19 May 1992}



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1991 Systematics of the Papilio glaucus and P. troilus species groups (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): Inferences from allozymes. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 84(4): 380-395, 7 figs., 4 tbls. {Jul 1991}

1995 Sex chromosomes and speciation in tiger swallowtails. Pp. 211-227, 7 figs., 6 tbls., in: J. Scriber, Y. Tsubaki & R. Lederhouse (Eds.), Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Gainesville; Scientific Publications: vii + 459 pp., illus. (some col.), maps (some col.) {1995}



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2006 DNA barcodes distinguish species of tropical Lepidoptera. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103(4): 968-971, 4 figs., 2 tbls {24 Jan, online 17 2006}



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2007 DNA barcoding: how it complements taxonomy, molecular phylogenetics and population genetics. Trends in Genetics 23(4): 167-172 {Apr 2007}



Hall, Arthur

1917 New butterflies of the family Nymphalidae. Entomologist 50(650) 161-163 {Jul 1917}

1919 Descriptions of twelve new nymphaline butterflies. Entomologist 52(676): 195-200 {Sep 1919}

1921 Notes on the synonymy of Dione moneta, Hübn. and D. glycera, Feld. Entomologist 54(703): 276-278 {Dec 1921}

1924 Descriptions of two new forms of Chlosyne (Lep. Nymphalidae). Entomologist 57(738): 241-242, 4 figs. {Nov 1924}

1925 List of the butterflies of Hispaniola. Entomologist 58(747): 186-190 {Jul 1925}

1928 A monographic revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2, suppl. 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928}; (3, suppl.): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}

1929 A monographic revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. Bulletin of the Hill Museum 3(1, suppl.): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; (2, suppl.): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; (3, suppl.): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}

1930 A monographic revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. Bulletin of the Hill Museum 4(1, suppl.): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; (2, suppl.): 205-206 {29 Dec 1930}

1935 New forms of Nymphalinae and Ithomiinae. Entomologist 68(869): 221-227, pl. 6 {Oct 1935}

1938 On the types of Adelpha (Lep., Nymphalidae) in the collection of the British Museum. Entomologist 71(903): 184-187 {Aug 1938}; (904): 208-211 {Sep 1938}; (905): 232-235 {Oct 1938}; (906): 257-259 {Nov 1938}; (907): 284-285 {Dec 1938}

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2008 Eastern Pigmy Blue, Brephidium isophthalma pseudofoea (Morrison) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Services; publication #EENY-107 {2008}



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1924 Notes on Polygonia j-album, Cercyonis alope, Phyciodes tharos, heodes epixanthe and Euphydryas gilletti. Journal of the New York entomological Society 32(2): 109-111, pl. 11 {[15] Jun 1924}



Hall, Jason Piers Wilton and Donald J. Harvey

2002 A phylogenetic review of Charis and Calephelis (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 95(4): 407-421, 11 figs., 4 tbls. {Jul 2002}



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2004 Extinction and biogeography in the Caribbean: new evidence from a fossil riodinid butterfly in Dominican amber. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 271(1541): 797-801, 1 fig. {22 Apr, online 16 Mar 2004}



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2007a The European Common Blue Polyommatus icarus: new alien butterfly to Canada and North America. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(4):111, 117, 3 photos {5 Dec 2007}

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2009 Sentinels on the wing: The status and conservation of butterflies in Canada. Ottawa; NatureServe Canada: 68 pp. {2009}



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1986 A rebuttal to the Arnold classification of Speyeria callippe (Nymphalidae) and defense of the subspecies concept. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 24(3): 197-208, 1 tbl., appendix 1 {Autumn 1985(86), [1 Apr] 1986}

1991 Patterns of geographic variation and evolution in polytypic butterflies. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 29(1/2): 54-76, 5 figs., 1 tbl. {Spring 1990, 31 Dec 1991}

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1983 A new subspecies of Speyeria egleis (Nymphaldiae) from the pumice region of central Oregon. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(2): 115-120, 3 figs. {6 Sep 1983}



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2000 A new species of Philotiella from the Oregon Cascade Range (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 6(2): 77-82, 18 figs. {Sep 1999, 29 Sep 2000}

2003 A new desert subspecies of Colias occidentalis (Pieridae) from southeastern Oregon. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 57(4): 274-278, 1 fig. {9 Dec 2003}

2008 A review of geographic variation and possible evolutionary relationships in the Colias scudderii-gigantea complex of North America (Pieridae). Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 62(4): 201-215, 1 fig., 2 tbls. {22 Dec 2008}



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2007 Phylogeny of the troidine butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) revisited: Are the redbodied swallowtails monophyletic? Australian Entomologist 34(2): 33-42, 1 fig. {25 May 2007}

2009 Relationships of the swallowtail "genera" Agehana Matsumura, Chilasa Moore and Eleppone Hancock (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Australian Entomologist 36(1): 7-12 {7 Mar 2009}



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1999 Le guide des papillons du Québec. Volume I (version scientifique). Boucherville; Broquet: 982 pp., 122 pls. {1999}



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2003 Phocides belus Godman & Salvin (Hesperiidae), new to US and Texas with a review of Phocides & similar species of the USA and northern Mexico. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(2): 41-43, 8 figs., cover {Summer, 15 Jul 2003}



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2010 Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793), a misidentified species (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen vereins Apollo 31(1/2): 71-84, 1 fig. {Aug 2010}

2011 Supplements to "Parnassius phoebus (Fabricius, 1793), a misidentified species" (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen vereins Apollo 32(1/2): 25-27 {Aug 2011}



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2010 Achalarus tehuacana (Hesperiidae: Eudaminae): a new United States record from southern Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 52(4): 107-111,127, 18 figs. {Winter, 8 Dec 2010}



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2005 The eastern limit of Beringia: Mammoth remains from Banks and Melville Islands, Northwest Territories. Arctic 58(4): 361-369 {Dec 2005}



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Harris, D. James and Elsa Froufe

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1972 Butterflies of Georgia. Norman; University of Oklahoma Press: 326 pp., 10 + 14 pls. {[1 Dec] 1972}



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1829 American turnip butterfly. New England Farmer 7(51): 402 {10 Jul 1829}

1833 VIII. Insects. Pp. 566-595 in: Part IV, A catalogue of the animals and plants in Massachusetts. In: E. Hitchcock (Ed.), Report of the geology, minerology, botany, and zoology of Massachusetts. (1st ed.). Amherst; J.S. and C. Adams, Massachusetts. Geological survey: xii, 700 pp., ill.; atlas, 19 plates (4 fold. maps, 5 fold. tbls.) {1833}

1841 A report on the insects of Massachusetts, injurious to vegetation. Published agreeably to an order of the legislature, by the commissioners on the zoological and botanical survey of the state. Cambridge; Folsom, Wells, and Thurston, Printers to the University: viii + 459 pp. {1841}

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2002 A Siberian butterfly species recorded for the first time on the American continent: Oeneis nanna kluanensis ssp. n. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae). Nachrichten des Entomologischen Vereins Apollo, N. F. 22(4): 197-205, 39 figs. {Mar 2002}



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1933 Lepidopteros argentinos. Familia Hesperidae. II--Subfamilia Pyrginae, Sección "A." Revista de la Sociedad entomólogica argentina 5(23): 149-188, pls. 7-15 {28 Feb 1933}

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1949 Nuevas especies [sic] de "Lycaenidae" de la Argentina. Acta zoologica Lilloana 8: 567-581, 7 figs. {31 Dec 1949}

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1973 A new species of Papilio from the eastern United States (Papilionidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 12(1): 1-10, 3 figs. {Mar, [18 Dec] 1973}



Heitzman, John Richard and Cyril F. dos Passos

1974 Lethe portlandia (Fabricius) and L. anthedon (Clark), sibling species, with descriptions of new subspecies of the former (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Transactions of the american entomological Society 100(1): 52-99, 20 figs. {Mar, 16 May 1974}



Heitzman, John Richard and Robert Lynn Heitzman

1973 New butterfly records for the United States (Hesperiidae & Libytheidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 10(4): 284-286, 4 figs. {Dec 1971, (1973)}



The Heliconius Genome Consortium. Kanchon K. Dasmahapatra et al

2012 Butterfly genome reveals promiscuous exchange of mimicry adaptations among species. Nature 487(7405): 94-98, 4 figs. {5 Jul, online 16 May 2012}

http://pubman.mpdl.mpg.de/pubman/item/escidoc:1477787/component/escidoc:1478004/HEC220.pdf



Hellmann, Jessica and  Evgeny V. Zakharov

2007 Measurement of large-scale gene flow: A pathway toward understanding adaptation and the genetics of climatic tolerance. California Energy Commission, PIER Energy-Related Environmental Research Program. CEC-500-2007-043: viii + 20 pp. {2007}



Hemming, Arthur Francis

1929 Notes on the generic names of the Holarctic Lycaenidae (Lep. Rhop.). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10)3(15): 217-245 {1 Mar 1929}

1931a A comparison of the Icones Papilionum Diurnorum and Nomenclatur un Beschreibung der Insekten of Bergsträsser. Proceedings of the entomological Society of London (A) 5(3): 81-82 {21 Mar 1931}

1931b Revision of the genus Iolana, Bethune-Baker. Transactions of the entomological Society of London 79(2): 323-333, pl. XI {10 Jul 1931}

1931c Notes on the date of issue of the parts of Volume 1 of W. H. Edwards' Butterflies of North America and on the plates by Wiest in that work subsequently rejected by the author. Proceedings of the entomological Society of London (A) 6(1): 42-45 {10 Jul 1931}

1931d On the dates of publication of F. Ruhl's 'Die palaearktischen Grossschmetterlinge und ihre Naturgeschichte.' Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10)8(46): 405-406 {1 Oct 1931}

1931e On the types of certain genera of the family Pieridae (Lepidoptera). Entomologist 64(823): 272-273 {Dec 1931}

1933a On the types of certain butterfly genera. Entomologist 66(844): 196-200 {Sep 1933}

1933b Additional notes on the types of certain butterfly genera. Entomologist 66(845): 222-225 {Oct 1933}

1933c Holarctic butterflies: Miscellaneous notes on nomenclature. Entomologist 66(847): 275-279 {[19] Dec 1933}

1934a Notes on nine genera of butterflies. Entomologist 67(849): 37-38 {Feb 1934}

1934b The generic names of the Holarctic butterflies. Volume 1: 1758-1863. London; Richard Clay & Sons/British Museum (Natural History) : viii + 184 pp. {28 Jul 1934}

1934c Some notes on the nomenclature of Palaearctic and African Rhopalocera. Stylops 3(5): 97-99 {15 May 1934}

1934d Notes on nine genera of Holarctic butterflies. Stylops 3(6): 143-144 {15 Jun 1934}

1934e Revisional notes on certain species of Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Stylops 3(9): 193-200 {15 Sep 1934}

1935a On the dates of publication of Hewitson (W. C.), "Illustr. Diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae", 2 vols., 1863-1878. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (10)15(85): 117-120 {1 Jan 1935}

1935b Notes on seventeen genera of Rhopalocera. Stylops 4(1): 1-3 {15 Jan 1935}

1935c A note on Jacob Hübner's Erste Zuträge zur Sammlung Exotischer Schmetterlinge of 1808. Stylops 4(2): 38-46 {15 Feb 1935}

1935d Notes on certain genera and species of Papilionidae (Lepidoptera). Entomologist 68(861): 39-41 {Feb 1935}

1936 On the identity and systematic position of eight species of Rhopalocera described by Jacob Hübner in his Der Schmetterlinge Lepidoptera Linnei, [1790]-[1793]. Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)5(6): 121-125 {Jun 1936}

1937a Changes in the genotypes of, or in the priority to be accorded to, eleven genera of the Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, consequent upon the determination of the dates of publication of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner. Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)6(8): 149-153 {Aug 1937}

1937b Hübner, A bibliographical and systematic account of the entomological works of Jacob Hübner and of the supplements thereto by Carl Geyer, Gottfried Franz von Frölich and Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schaeffer. London; Royal Entomologial Society, 1: xxxiv + 605; 2: ix + [1] + 270 pp. {26 Feb 1937}

1939 Notes on the generic nomenclature of the Lepidoptera Rhopalocera I. Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)8(7): 133-138 {15 Jul 1939}

1941a The dates of publication of the several portions of Doubleday (E.) Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera Diurnal Lepidoptera and of the continuation thereof by Westwood (J. O.). Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(11): 335-411 {15 Oct 1941}

1941b The types of the genera established by Doubleday (E.) In the Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera Diurnal Lepidoptera and in the continuation thereof. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(11): 413-446 {15 Oct 1941}

1941c The dates of publication of the specific names first published in Doubleday (E.) Genera of Diurnal Lepidoptera and in the continuation thereof by Westwood (J. O.). Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 1(11): 447-464 {15 Oct 1941}

1943 Notes on the generic nomenclature of the Lepidoptera Rhopalocera II. Proceedings of the royal entomological Society of London (B)12(2): 23-30 {15 Feb 1943}

1945 Hewitson (W. C.) Illustr. new spec. exot. butterflies: Supplementary note on the composition and dates of publication of certain parts. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 2(2): 51-53 {Oct 1945}

1964a Determination under Article 24(a) of the relative precedence to be accorded to certain generic names published on the same date and currently treated subjectively as synonyms of one another in the family Nymphalidae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (3): 79-81 {30 Oct 1964}

1964b Determination, under Article 24(a), of the relative precedence to be accorded to certain generic names published on the same date and currently treated subjectivley as synonyms of one another in the family Lycaenidae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (3): 82-83 {30 Oct 1964}

1964c Selection of lectotypes for ten nominal species of the family Nymphalidae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (3): 95-100 {30 Oct 1964}

1964d Selection of lectotypes for three nominal species of the family Papilionidae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (3): 106-107 {30 Oct 1964}

1964e Selection of a type species for the nominal genus Brassolis [Illiger], 1807 (family Morphidae). Annotationes lepidopterologicae (4): 122 {30 Oct 1964}

1964f Selection of type species for four nominal genera of the family Nymphalidae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (4): 124-127 {30 Oct 1964}

1964g Selection of type species for seven nominal genera of the family Riodinidae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (4): 128-131 {30 Oct 1964}

1964h Selection of a type species for the nominal genus Cosmodesmus Haase, [1891]. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (4): 135 {30 Oct 1964}

1964i Establishment of a new genus in the family Pieridae. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (4): 148-149 {30 Oct 1964}

1964j Determination, under Article 24(a), of the relative precedence to be accorded to the names of two family-group taxa in the family Nymphalidae, published on the same date and currently treated as subjective synonyms of one another. Annotationes lepidopterologicae (4): 150-151 {30 Oct 1964}

1967 The generic names of the butterflies and their type-species (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) Suppl. 9: 509 pp. {1 Aug 1967}



Henderson, W. F.

1945a Papilio aristodemus ponceana Schaus. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Entomological News 56(2): 29-32, 1 pl. {Feb [14 Mar] 1945}

1945b Additional notes on Papilio aristodemus ponceana Schaus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Entomological News 56(7): 187-190 {Jul [21 Aug] 1945}

1946 Papilio aristodemus ponceana Schaus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) Notes. Entomological News 57(4): 100-101 {Apr [20 June] 1946}



Hendry, Andrew P., Steven M. Vamosi, Stephen J. Latham, Jana C. Heilbuth and Troy Day

2000 Questioning species reality. Conservation Genetics 1(1): 67-76 {Mar 2000}



Henne, Christopher

1935 A new form of Leptotes marina (Lepid.: Nymphalidae) [sic]. Entomological News 46(4): 100-101, 2 figs. {[3] Apr 1935}

1940 Two new species of Lepidoptera from California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 39(1): 71-74 {Jan-Apr, 15 Jun 1940}



Henriksen, Kai L.

1939 A revised index of the insects of Grønland, containing a supplement to the insect list in Kai L. Henriksen & Will Lundbeck: Grønlands Landarthropoder. Meddelelser om Grønland 119(10): 1-111 {1939}



Henriksen, Kai L. and William Lundbeck

1918 Lepidoptera. Pp. 670-701, in: Conspectus Faunae Groenlandicae. Pars secunda. II. Landarthropoder (Insecta et Arachnida). Meddelelser om Grønland 22: 483-821 {1918}



Heppner, John Bernhard

1981 The dates of E. J. C. Esper's Die Schmetterlinge in Abbildungen...1776-[1830]. Archives of natural History 10(2): 251-254 {Oct 1981}

1982 Dates of selected Lepidoptera literature for the western hemisphere fauna. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(2): 87-111 {24 Sep 1982}

1991 Faunal regions and the diversity of Lepidoptera. Tropical Lepidoptera 2(suppl. 1): 1-85, 58 figs., 9 tabs. {[16 Dec] 1991}

1996 Key to families of Lepidoptera. Tropical Lepidoptera 4(suppl. 3): 1-28, 9 figs. {10 Dec1996}

1998 Classification of Lepidoptera. Part 1. Introduction. Holarctic Lepidoptera 5(supplement 1): i-v, 1-148, 1-6, 468 figs., 2 tabs. {30 Nov 1998}

2001 Atlas of North American Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 1. Papilionidae. Lepidoptera News 2001(3): 57-67 {28 Nov 2001}

2002 Mexican Lepidoptera biodiversity. Insecta Mundi 16(4): 171-190 {1 Dec2002}

2003 Lepidoptera of Florida. Part 1. Introduction and catalog. (Arthropods of Florida and neighboring land areas, Volume 17.) Gainesville; Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry. x + 670 pp., 55 pls., 66 figs. {Dec 2003}



Heppner, John Bernhard and Thomas Chadbourne Emmel

2002 Case 3222. Papilio eurymedon Lucas, 1852 (Insecta, Lepidoptera): proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 59(2): 1-3 {28 Jun 2002}



Heppner, John B. and Gerardo Lamas

1982 Acronyms for world museum collections of the insects, with an emphasis on neotropical Lepidoptera. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of America 28(3): 305-315



Herbst, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm

1788-1804

In: C. G. Jablonsky, Natursystem aller bekannten in- und ausländischen Insecten als eine Fortsetzung der von Buffonschen Naturgeschichte. Nach dem System des Ritters Carl von Linné. Der Schmetterlinge. Berlin, Joachim Pauli. 11 vols. text (11-21); 4 vols. plates; 3: i-xii, 114-232, pls. 38-52 {1788}; 4: i-viii, 1-208, pls. 53-80 {1790}; 5: i-viii, 1-231, pls. 81-117 {1792}; 6: [vi] + 1-162, pls. 118-153 {1793}; 7: [vi] + 1-178, pls. 154-181 {1794}; 8: [viii] + 1-304, pls. 182-230 {1796}; 9: [vi] + 1-206, pls. 234-260 {1798}; 10: [2] + I-viii, 1-334, pls. 261-296 {1800}; 11: i-xiv, 1-392, pls. 297-327 {1804}



Hering, Erich Martin Richard

1912 Kleinere Original-Beiträge. Papilio turnus L. ab. nov. niger. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie 8(7/8): 234, 1 fig. {11 Aug 1912}

1921 Die geographische Verbreitung der Libytheiden. Archiv fur Naturgeschichte (A)87(4): 248-296, 2 pls., 3 figs. {Oct 1921}

1926 Zur Kenntnis der südamerikanischen Nymphaliden-Gattung Dione Hb. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 40(4): 195-204, 5 figs. {15 Dec 1926}



Herlan, Peter, J.

1971 A new subspecies of Limenitis archippus (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 9(4): 217-222, 2 figs. {Dec 1970(1971) [13 Dec] 1971}



Hernández Baz, Fernando and Lourdes Georgina Iglesias

2001 La diversidad del orden Lepidoptera en el Estado de Veracruz, México: Una síntesis preliminar. Cuadernos de biodiversidad (Alicante) 3(7): 7-10, 1 tbl. {Jun. 2001}



Hernández-Roldán, Juan L., Cesc Múrria, Helena Romo, Gerard Talavera, Evgeny V. Zakharov, Paul D. N. Hebert and Roger Vila

2011 Tracing the origin of disjunct distributions: a case of biogeographical convergence in Pyrgus butterflies. Journal of Biogeography 38(10): 2006-2020 {October, online 8 Jul 2011}



Herrera, Jose Valentín

1987 Biología de Cynthia carye (Hübner), 1812, especie críptica de C. annabella Field, 1971 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Acta entomológica chilena 14: 65-116, 30 pls. {Dec 1987}



Herrera, José Valentín, Maria Etcheverry & C. Hochleitner

1957 Los Pyrginae de Chile (Lepidoptera Hesperiidae). Revista chilena de Entomologia 5: 143-182, 1 pl., 19 figs. {10 Oct 1957}



Herrich-Schäffer, Gottlieb August Wilhelm

1835 Nomenclator entomologicus. Verzeichniss der europäischen Insecten. Heft 1. Lepidoptera und Hemiptera. Regensburg; Pustet: 116 pp. {1835}

1843-56

Systematische Bearbeitung der Schmetterlinge von Europa, zeugleich als Text, Revision und Supplement zu Jakob Hübner's Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge. Regensburg, Manz. 6 Volumes (69 hefte); 636 cpl.; 36 pl. 1(Tagfalter): 164 pp.; 134 pls. (Pap.). 7 pls. (Hesp.)

1850-[58]

Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäischer Schmetterlinge. Lepidopterorum exoticorum species novae aut minus cognitae. Regensburg; G. J. Manz, 4to; 1(1): 1-52 {[Sep 1856]}, (2): 53-84 {[1858]}; pls. [butterflies] [1-10] {Jul 1850}, 11-14 {[1853]}, 15-18 {[1855]}, [19-22] {[1856]}, 23-24 {[1858]} See Fletcher, 1995.

1856 Synonymia Lepidopterorum Europæ. Systematisches und synonymisches Verzeichniss der Europaeischen Schmetterlinge. Separatabdruck aus der Systematischen bearbeitung der schmetterlinge von Europa. Regensburg; G. J. Manz: [4] + 72 + 24 + 64 + 34 + 48 + 52 + 48 + 12 pp. [346 pp.] {1856}

1861 Systematisches und synonymisches Verzeichniss der Europaeischen Schmetterlinge. (Edit. 2). Regensburg: G. J. Manz: 36 + [2] pp. {1861}

1862 Schmetterlinge aus Cuba. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 16(6/8): 118-120 {Aug 1862}; (10): 141-143 {Oct 1862}; (11): 156-157 {Nov 1862}; (12): 174-180 {31 Dec 1862}

1863a Schmetterlinge aus Cuba. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 17(9): 138-143 {Sep 1863}; (10): 147-150 {Oct 1863}

1863b Systematisches Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge von Europe. Dritte Auflage: mit Angabe des Vaterlandes. Regensburg; G.J.Manz: 28 pp. {1863}

1864 Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 18(7/8): 89-112 {Aug 1864}; (9): 123-136 {Sep 1864}; (10): 148-152 {Oct 1864};

1865a Die Schmetterlinges-fauna der Insel Cuba. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines Regensburg 18(11/12): 159-172 {12 Feb 1865}; 19(3/4): 52-60 {Apr 1865}

1865b Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 18(11/12): 173-181 {12 Feb 1865}; 19(5): 63-76 {May 1865}; (6) 84-92 {Jun 1865}; (7): 100-108 {Jul 1865}

1867 Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 21(9): 100-106 {Sep 1867}; (10): 124-128 {Oct 1867}; (11): 138-144 {Nov 1867}; (12): 161-172 {Dec 1867}

1868 Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 22(8/9): 119-138 {Sep 1868}; (11): 172-176 {Nov 1868}

1869 Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 23(4): 56-64 {Apr 1869}; (5): 67-77 {May 1869}; (9): 130-141 {Sep 1869}; (11): 163-172 {Nov 1869}; (12): 184-204 {Dec 1869}

1870 Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 24(9/10): 154-160 {Oct 1870}

1871 Prodromus systematis lepidopterorum. Versuch einer systematischen Anordnung der Schmetterling. Correspondenz-Blatt des zoologisch-minerologischen Vereines in Regensburg 25(6/7): 103-104 {Jul 1871}

1886 Synonyma Lepidopterorum Europae. Systematische und synonymische Verzeichniss der europäischen Schmetterlinge. Ratisbona/Regensburg: iv + 354 pp. {1886}



Herz, Alfred Otto

1899 Reise nach Nordöst-Sibirien in das Lenagebiet in den Jahren 1888 und 1889 nebst einem Verzeichnisse der dort erbeuteten Macrolepidopteren. Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 11(2): 209-265 {10 Feb 1899}

1903a Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Lepidopterenfauna der Tschuktschen-Halbinsel. /Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 8(1): 14-16 {1903}

1903b Verzeichniss der auf der Mammuth-Expedition gesammelten Lepidopteren. /Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 8(1): 61-87 {1903}



Hesselbarth, Gerhard, H. van Oorschot and Sigbert Wagener

1995 Die Tagfalter der Türkei unter Berücksichtigung der angrenzenden Länder. Bocholt, Germany; Selbstverlag Sigbert Wagener; Allgemeiner Teil, spezieller Teil. Band 1. Hesperiidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae, Lycaenidae: 1-754, ill.; Band 2: 755-1354; Band 3: Tafeln und Verbreitungskarten: 1-847 {1995}



Hewitson, William Chapman

1847 Descriptions of new species of butterflies. Annals and Magazine of Natural History [1]20(133): 257-264, pls. 20-21 {1 Oct 1847}

1851 Descriptions of new butterflies, with drawings, also remarks on the sexes of some Papilios. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (2)1(4): 97-100, pls. 10-11 {Mar, [21 Feb] 1851}

1852-77

Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies, selected chiefly from the Collections of W. Wilson Saunders and William C. Hewitson. London; John Van Voorst, 5 vols., 100 parts; pages unnumbered; 300 pls.

1862 On Pronophila, a genus of the diurnal Lepidoptera; with figures of the new species, and reference to all those which have been previously figured or described. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (3)1(1): 1-17, pls. 1-6 {Mar, [7 Apr] 1862}

1863-78

Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera. Part I. Lycaenidae. London; John Van Voorst: x + 229 pp. and 14a-14h, Suppl. 1-47 pp.; 108 numbered plates, 1-85, 88-92, 3a, 3b, 3c, Suppl. plates I-VIII, Ia, Ib, IIIa, IIIb, IVa, Va, Vb; in 8 parts: (1): tp + vi +36 pp., pls. 1-16 (1863); (2): 37-76 pp., pls. 17-30 (24 Jun 1865); (3): 77-114 pp., pls. 31-46 (1 Apr 1867); (4): 115-136, 14a-h, Suppl. 1-16 pp., pls. 47-54, 3a-c, Suppl. I-Vb (30 Apr 1869); (5): 137-150 pp., pls. 55-59, Suppl. VI (10 Feb 1873); (6): 151-184 pp., pls. 60-73 ([1 Dec? 1873] 1874); (7): 185-208 pp., pls. 74-83 ([Jan?] 1877); (8): 209-288, Suppl. 35-47 pp., t.p. (2nd), pls. 84-92, Suppl. VII, VIII ([Nov] 1878)

1866 Descriptions of new Hesperiidae. Transactions of the entomological Society of London (3)2(6): 479-501 {Feb [19 Mar] 1866}

1867-68

Descriptions of one hundred new species of Hesperiidae. London; John Van Voorst/Hewitson: 1: ii + 25 pp. {20 Apr 1867}; 2: 26-56 {20 Mar 1868}

1868 Descriptions of some new species of Lycaenidae. London; John Van Voorst: 1 + 36 pp. {1 Jun 1868}

1869-77

Equatorial Lepidoptera collected by Mr. Buckley, or remarks on and descriptions of new species of butterflies collected by Mr. Buckley in Ecuador. London; John Van Voorst; in 5 parts: (1): ii + 16 pp. {2 Dec 1869}; (2): 17-32 {15 Dec 1869}; (3): 33-48 {30 Dec 1869}; (4): 49-79 + [2] {10 Mar 1870}; (5): 81-96 {11 Apr 1877}

1872 Descriptions of seven new exotic Rhopalocera. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 9(100): 83-86 {Sep 1872}

1874 Descriptions of new species of Lycaenidae from South America. Entomologist's monthly Magazine 11(124): 104-107 {Oct 1874}

1876a Descriptions of twenty new species of Hesperidae. Annals and Magazine of natural History (4)18(106): 347-355 {1 Oct 1876}

1876b Descriptions of twenty-five new species of Hesperidae from his own collection. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)18(108): 449-457 {1 Dec 1876}



Hewitt, Godfrey M.

1988 Hybrid zones - natural laboratories for evolutionary studies. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 3(7): 158-167 {Jul 1988}

1996 Some genetic consequences of ice ages, and their role in divergence and speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 58(3): 247-276, 7 figs., app. {Jul 1996}

2000 The genetic legacy of the Quaternary ice ages. Nature 405(6789): 907-913, 3 figs., 2 tbls. {22 Jun 2000}

2001 Speciation, hybrid zones and phylogeography -- or seeing genes in space and time. Molecular Ecology 10(3): 537-549, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {Mar 2001}

2004 Genetic consequences of climatic oscillations in the Quaternary. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London (B) 359(1442): 183-195, 2 igs, 2 tbls. {29 Feb 2004}



Hey, Jody

2006 On the failure of modern species concepts. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 21(8): 447-450 {1 Aug 2006}



Hey, Jody, Walter M. Fitch and Francisco J. Ayala (Eds.)

2005 Systematics and the Origin of Species: On Ernst Mayr's 100th Anniversary. Washington, D.C.;: National Academic of Sciences: xiii + 367 pp. {2005}



Hey, Jody and Carlos A. Machado

2003 The study of structured populations--new hope for a difficult and divided science. Nature Reviews Genetics 4(7): 535-543, 5 figs., 2 boxes {Jul 2003}



Hey, Jody, Robin S. Waples, Michael L. Arnold, Roger K. Butlin and Richard G. Harrison

2003 Understanding and confronting species uncertainty in biology and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18(11): 597-603 {Nov 2003}



Heydemann, F.

1920 Vereinsnachrichten. 3. Dezember 1919. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift "Iris" 34(3/4): 270-272 {15 Dec 1920}



Heydenreich, Gustav Heinrich

*1843 Verzeichniss der europäischen Schmetterlinge nach Ochsenheimer und Treitschke. [Weissenfels]; [publisher unknown] (anonymous; authorship implied): [22] pp. [1843]

*1846 Verzeichniss der europäischen Schmetterlinge. (Edit. 2). Leipzig, Klinckhardt, : 50 pp. {1846}

1851 Lepidopterorum Europaeorum catalogus methodicus. Verzeichniss der europäischen Schmetterlinge. (Edit. 3). Leipzig, Klinckhardt, : [2] + 130 + [2] pp. {1851}



Heyne, Alexander

1893-5 In: Fritz Rühl, Die Paläarktischen Grossschmetterlinge und ihre Naturgesichte. (Bearbeitet von Fritz Rühl. Fortgesetzt von Alexander Heyne und Max Bartel.) Leipzig, Ernst Heyne: Bd 1:, Tagfalter (Leif 1-16): [2] + 857 pp., 7f.



Hickerson, Michael J., Bryan C. Carstens, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Kieth A. Crandall, Catherine H. Graham, Jerald B. Johnson, Leslie Rissler, Pedro F. Victoriano and Anne D. Yoder

2009 Phylogeography's past, present, and future: 10 years after Avise, 2000. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54(1): 291-301 {Jan 2010, online 13 Sep 2009}



Hickerson, Michael J., Christopher P. Meyer and Craig Moritz

2006 DNA barcoding will often fail to discover new animal species over broad parameter space. Systematic Biology 55(5): 729-739 {Oct 2006}



Higgins, Lionel George

1950a The "Zoophylacium gronovianimi", 1781, and Meuschen's index. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 2(6): 185-186. {Oct 1950}

1950b A descriptive catalogue of the Palaearctic Euphydryas (Lepidoplera: Rhopalocera). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 101(12):435-489, 7 maps, 41 figs. {30 Dec 1950}

1953 Butterfly collecting in U.S.A. Entomologist 86(9): 207-210 {Sep, 25 Oct 1953}

1959 Four new Melitaeine genera (Nymphalidae). Lepidopterists' News 12(5-6): 161-164, 5 figs. {1958, 30 Apr 1959}

1960 A revision of the melitaeine genus Chlosyne and allied species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 112(14): 381-467, 134 figs. {31 Dec 1960}

1963 Dates of publication of the Novara Reise. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 4(3): 153-159 {Nov 1963}

1970 Clerck's Icones Insectorum Rariorum. Journal of the Society for the Bibliography of Natural History 5(5): 344-349, 2 pls., 1 fig. {Oct 1970}

1975 The classification of European butterflies. London, Collins: 320 pp., 402 figs. {1975}

1978 A revision of the genus Euphydryas Scudder (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologists' Gazette 29(3): 109-115 {21 Jul 1978}

1981 A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981}



Higgins, Lionel George, and Norman Denbiegh Riley

1970 Field guide to the butterflies of Britain and Europe. London, Collins; Boston, Houghton Mifflin: 380 pp.; 60 col. pls.; ill.; 371 maps {1970}



Hilchie, Gerald J.

1990 Classification, relationships, life history, and evolution of Erebia magdalena Strecker (Lepidoptera: Satyridae). Quaestiones Entomologicae 26(4): 665-693; 58 figs., 4 tbls. {Fall 1990, Dec}



Hill, J. K., C. D. Thomas, R. Fox, M. G. Telfer, S. G. Willis, J. Asher and B. Huntley

2002 Responses of butterflies to twentieth century climate warming: implications for future ranges. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 269(1505): 2163-2171, 3 figs., 1 tbl. {22 Oct, online 20 Sep 2002}



Hill, Ryan I., Marianne Elias, Kanchon K. Dasmahapatra, Chris D. Jiggins, Victor Koong, Keith R. Willmott and James Mallet

2012 Ecologically relevant cryptic species in the highly polymorphic Amazonian butterfly Mechanitis mazaeus s.l. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae; Ithomiini). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 106(3): 540-560 {Jul, online 13 Jun 2012}



Hillebrand, Helmut

2004 On the generality of the latitudinal diversity gradient. American Naturalist 163(2): 192-211, 7 figs., 4 tbls. {Feb, online 15 Jan 2004}



Hillis, David M., Craig Moritz and Barbara K. Mable (Eds.)

1996 Molecular Systematics. (second edition). Sunderland, Mass.; Sinauer Associates: xvi + 655 pp., illus. (some col.) {1996}



Hirschfeld, Gerd (Oliver Schäffler, Markus Achmidbauer, Thomas Frankenbach, Maurizio Bollino and Mauro Costa)

2004 Notes on Papilionidae. 2. Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Parnassius phoebus : Komplexes und Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae), Neue Unterarten von Achillides Hübner, 1819 : Arten aus China (Lepidopetra, Papilionidae), 4 neue Unterarten von Achillides ulysses Linnaeus, 1758 (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae), Eine neue Unterart von Teinopalpus imperialis Hope, 1843 aus China (Lepidoptera, Papilionidae), A new species of Parides phosphorus (Bates, 1861) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) from south-eastern Venezuela. Keltern; Verlag Goecke & Evers: 9 p., 12 p. of pls. {2004}



Hiura, Isamu

1979. [An outline of the genus Pieris]. Acta rhopalocerologica 3: 1-71, figs. [in Japanese] {1979}

1980 A phylogeny of the genera of Parnassiinae based on analysis of wing pattern, with description of a new genus. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bulletin of the Osaka Museum of Natural History (33): 71-95 {Mar 1980}

1981 Phylogeny of the genus Papilio s. lat. based on analysis of wing pattern. 1. Color patterns of Papilio (sensu Igarishi, 1979) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bulletin of the Osaka Museum of Natural History (34): 61-78 {Mar 1981}



Hoekstra, Hopi E. and Jerry A. Coyne

2007 The locus of evolution: Evo devo and the genetics of adaptation. Evolution 61(5): 995-1016, app. {May, online 27 Apr 2007}



Hoffmann, Carlos Christian

1924 Lepidopteros nuevos de Mexico. Revista mexicana de Biología 4(3): 69-73, 4 figs. {Feb 1924}

1940a Lepidopteros neuvos de Mexico. IV. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad nacional de México 11(1): 275-284, 7 figs. {[after 28 Feb] 1940}

1940b Lepidopteros neuvos de Mexico. V. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad nacional de México 11(2): 633-638, 4 figs. {[after 28 Dec] 1940}

1940c Catálogo systemático y zoogeographico de los lepidópteros mexicanos, Primera parte. Papilionoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad nacional de México 11(2): 639-739, 2 maps {[after 28 Dec] 1940}

1941 Catálogo systemático y zoogeographico de los lepidópteros mexicanos, Secunda parte. Hesperidoidea. Anales del Instituto de Biología. Universidad nacional de México 12(1): 237-294 {[after 5 May] 1941}



Hoffmansegg, Johann Centurius Grafen von

1804 Alphabetisches Verzeichniss zu J. Hübner's Abbildungen der Papilionen mit den beigefügten vorzüglichsten Synonymen. Magazin für Insektenkunde herausgegeben von Karl Illiger 3(3): 181-206 {1804}



Holderegger, Rolf and Conny Thiel-Egenter

2009 A discussion of different types of glacial refugia used in mountain biogeography and phylogeography. Journal of Biogeography 36(3): 476-480, 1 fig. {Mar 2009}



Holland, Richard W.

1981 Aberrant New Mexican butterflies. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 19(2): 88-95, 6 figs. {Summer, 1980(81)}

1988 A new subspecies of Speyeria atlantis (Nymphalidae) from south-central New Mexico. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum (115): 1-9, 4 figs., 3 tbls. {20 Jun 1988}

1995 Distribution of selected Anthocharis, Euchloe and Pontia (Pieridae) in New Mexico, Texas, Chihuahua and Sonora. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(2): 119-135 {12 June 1995}

2007 The probable case for Apodemia phyciodoides in New Mexico - A Chihuahuan comedy (Riodinidae). News of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(4):120-121, 127 {5 Dec 2007}

2008 The holy grail of New Mexico Lepidoptera: Sacramento Mountains Speyeria nokomis (W. H. Edwards) (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 62(3): 171-173, 1 fig. {14 Nov 2008}

2010a A new subspecies of Argynnis nokomis from the Sacramento mountains of New Mexico (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 42: 79-80, 8 figs. {2003, 31 Jan 2010}

2010b A new subspecies of Oeneis chryxus (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) from south central New Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 64(3): 161-165, 7 figs. {22 Oct 2010}

2010c A new subspecies of Satyrium titus (Lycaenidae: Theclinae) from south central New Mexico. Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society 64(3): 166-171, 14 figs. {22 Oct 2010}

2011 10. Review of Plebejus icarioides and Glaucopsyche lygdamus in New Mexico with four new subspecies (Lycaenidae, Lycaeninae, Polyommatini). Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 10; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: v + 29 pp., 20 figs., 4 tbls. {15 Jun 2011}



Holland, Richard W. and Gregory S. Forbes

1981 Rediscovery of Apodemia phyciodoides (Riodinidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 35(3): 226-232, 2 figs. {28 Apr 1982}



Holland, William Jacob

1898a Notes on Lepidoptera. Journal of the New York entomological Society 6(1): 57-60 {Mar 1898}

1898b The butterfly book; a popular guide to a knowledge of the Butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & McClure Co. xx + 382 pp., 48 pls., 183 + [1] figs. {1898}

1900a A description of a variety of Argynnis nitocris from Chihuahua, Mexico. Entomological News 10(11): 332-333 {[31] Jan 1900}

1900b Alaska insects, part I. Entomological News 11(3): 381-389 {March 1900}

1900c Alaska insects, part II. Entomological News 11(4): 416-422 {April 1900}

1902 Two new species of Bahaman Lepidoptera. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 1(3): 486-489 {Mar 1902}

1915 The Butterfly Guide: A Pocket Manual for the Ready Identification of the Commoner Species Found in the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, Page & Co.: 237 pp., pls. A-E. 150 pls. {1915}

1916 The Lepidoptera of the Isle of Pines, being a list of the species collected on the island by Mr. J. L.