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Erebia disa steckeri W. Holland, 1930
(Disa Alpine)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

N AK to W YK; tundra and forest habitats

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Erebia Dalman, 1816

K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 58. Type-species: Papilio ligea Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 473, no. 97, by original designation. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 506 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1255.

      =    ‡Epigea Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62. Type-species: Papilio ligea Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 473, no. 97, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198. A junior objective synonym of Erebia. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 506 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 1143.

=    Syngea Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62. Type-species: Papilio pronoe Esper, 1780, Die Schmett. 1(2)(1): 23-24, pl. 54 (Cont. 4), fig. 1, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

=    Phorcis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62. Type-species: Phorcis epistygne Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 62, no. 591, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

=    Marica Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 63. Type-species: Papilio stygne Ochsenheimer, 1807, Schmett. Europa 1(1): 276, no. 52 (= Papilio meolans de Prunner, 1798, Lepid. Pedemont.: 71; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

=    Gorgo Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 64. Type-species: Papilio ceto Hübner, [1804], Samml. Europ. Schmett. 1: pl. 112, figs. 578, 579 (= Papilio alberganus de Prunner, 1798, Lepid. Pedemont.: 71; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 198.

      =    ‡Oreina Westwood, 1841

In: Brit. Butts. Transf. (ed. 1): 76. Type-species: Papilio cassiope Fabricius, 1787, Mantissa Ins. 2: 42, no. 417, by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 194. Preoccupied by Oreina Chevrolet, 1835, in: Dejean, Cat. Coléopt. (ed. 2): 402.

=    Medusia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 179. Type-species: Papilio medusa [Schiffermüller], 1775, Ankündung eines syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend: 167, no. 10, by original designation.

=    Triariia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 186. Type-species: Papilio triarius de Prunner, 1798, Lepid. Pedemont.: 70, by original designation.

=    Truncaefalcia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 188. Type-species: Papilio aethiops Esper, 1777, Die Schmett. 1(1)(5): pl. 25 (Supp. 1), fig. 3; (9): 312-313, by original designation.

      =    ‡Simplicia Verity, 1953

Le Farfalle diurn. d'Italia 5: 194. Type-species: Papilio epiphron Knoch, 1783, Beitr. Insektengesch. 3: 131, no. 3, pl. 6, fig. 7, by original designation. Preoccupied by Simplicia Guenée, 1854, Spec. gén. Lépid. 8: 51.

=    Simplospinosia Verity, 1957

Entomol. Rec. & J. Var. 69(10): 225. Type-species: Papilio epiphron Knoch, 1783, Beitr. Insektengesch. 3: 131, no. 3, pl. 6, fig. 7, as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Simplicia Verity, 1953, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

 

embla group B. Warren, 1936

Monogr. Erebia: 164.

 

Erebia disa (Thunberg, 1791)

Diss. Ins. Svecica (2): 37, pl. 2, figs. 6, [6a] ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Papilio Disa [P[apilio]. n[ymphalis]. g[emmata].

Type Locality: “in Lapponia”; defined as “Sweden: Lappland” by Karsholt and Nielsen (1986), Entomol. Scand. 16(4): 443.

Types: Lectotype at UZIU, designated by Karsholt and Nielsen (1986), Entomol. Scand. 16(4): 443, fig. 3 ♀ D.

            =    gesion (Quensel, 1791)

K. Vetensk. Akad. Nya Handl. 12(3): 270-272, no. 2, pl. 9, figs. 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V, 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V; cited Ernst (1780), Pap. Europ.: pl. 65, fig. 42.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphales]. G[emmati]. Gesion

Type Locality: “In Lapponia Tornoensi maxime boreali ad Enontåkis”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    griela (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 236, no. 737.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. S[atyri]. Griela

Type Locality: “Lapponiae summis alpibus” [Lapland, Norway and Sweden]

Types: Syntype in ZMUC.

            =    stheno (Hübner, 1804)

Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: 38, pl. Pap. 109, figs. 561 ♀ D, 562 ♀ V.

Original Combination: [Papilio] Stheno

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

 

Erebia disa steckeri W. Holland, 1930

Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 56(3): 153; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 61, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Erebia steckeri

Type Locality: “Kuskoquim River, Alaska...at the Moravian Mission”; suggested to be “Bethel, about 20 miles up the Kuskoquim River at the inland edge of the coastal tundra” by dos Passos (1949), Am. Mus. Novit. (1389): 11-12.

Types: Syntypes in CMNH; one figured by Howe (1975), Butts. N. Am.: pl. 16, fig. 13 ♂ D&V.

Bibliography

 

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