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Erynnis icelus (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)
(Dreamy Duskywing)

Pinned Specimens
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Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Erynnis Schrank, 1801

Fauna boic. 2(1): 152, 157. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 71.

      =    ‡Thymele [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 287, no. 39. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Westwood (1840), Intro. Class. Ins. 2, Syn.: 88. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 49; it is also a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡”Thymale” Oken, 1815

Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3(Zool.)(1): 757, 758. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 225. This is possibly an incorrect subsequent spelling of Thymele [Fabricius], 1807, and is also a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801. The original publication was placed on the list of rejected works in Opinion 417 and this name is unavailable (Code Article 80.7.2).

      =    ‡Astycus Hübner, 1822

Syst.-alph. Verz.: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8-10. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 200. A junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Thanaos Boisduval, [1834]

Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(23): 240. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Blanchard (1840), in: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 469. This name is a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801; it was unjustifiably emended to “Thanatos” by [Dunning & Pickard] [1859], Accentuated List Brit. Lepid.: 6.

      =    ‡Hallia Tutt, 1906

Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts. 1(8/9): 261. Type-species: Thanaos marloyi Boisduval, [1834], Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(24): 241, pl. 47, figs. 6, 7, by original designation. Preoccupied by Hallia Edwards & Haime, 1850, Brit. foss. Corals (Pal. Soc. 3): lxvi.

=    Erynnides Burns, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 37: 24-25. Type-species: Nisoniades propertius Scudder & Burgess, 1870, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 298, fig. 11, by original designation.

 

icelus group Burns, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 37: 27.

 

Erynnis icelus (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 288, fig. 3 ♂ valvae; figured by Scudder (1889), Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 2 (8): pl. 28; (9): pl 77; (10): pl. 85; (11): pl. 9, fig. 6 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Icelus

Type Locality: “New England” Scudder (1889), Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 2(10): 1510-1511, mentioned several possible localities “in the White Mountain valleys and even in the subalpine region of the White Mountains in abundance...in Massachusetts...from Andover...Amherst Notch...Nantucket...vicinity of Boston...in Connecticut...New Britain”; a syntype is from “Center.” [Karner, Albany County, New York]

Types: Syntype in NYSM.

Lintner (1872), Entomol. Contr. 2: 30-31, pl. 7, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V, redescribed this taxon from “Center” and “Schoharie, N. Y.”

            =    bautista (Plötz, 1884)

Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 37: 36, no. 2; cited unpublished pl. 1048 (as tages).

Original Combination: [Nisoniades] Bautista

Type Locality: “Californien”

Types: Type(s) may be in ZSMC or lost.

‡”hamamaelidis” (Scudder, 1889)

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 2(10): 1507.

Original Combination: [Thanaos icelus] = Nisoniades hamamaelidis Fitch manuscript

Proposed for a manuscript name of Fitch’s without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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