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Erynnis zarucco (Lucas, 1857)
(Zarucco Duskywing)

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Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

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Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

SE USA (OK-NC-FL), Cuba, Hispaniola

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Erynnis Schrank, 1801

Fauna boic. 2(1): 152, 157. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 71.

      =    ‡Thymele [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 287, no. 39. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Westwood (1840), Intro. Class. Ins. 2, Syn.: 88. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 49; it is also a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡”Thymale” Oken, 1815

Lehrbuch Naturgesch. 3(Zool.)(1): 757, 758. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 225. This is possibly an incorrect subsequent spelling of Thymele [Fabricius], 1807, and is also a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801. The original publication was placed on the list of rejected works in Opinion 417 and this name is unavailable (Code Article 80.7.2).

      =    ‡Astycus Hübner, 1822

Syst.-alph. Verz.: 1, 3, 5, 6, 8-10. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 200. A junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801.

      =    ‡Thanaos Boisduval, [1834]

Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(23): 240. Type-species: Papilio tages Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 485, no. 168, by designation of Blanchard (1840), in: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 469. This name is a junior objective synonym of Erynnis Schrank, 1801; it was unjustifiably emended to “Thanatos” by [Dunning & Pickard] [1859], Accentuated List Brit. Lepid.: 6.

      =    ‡Hallia Tutt, 1906

Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts. 1(8/9): 261. Type-species: Thanaos marloyi Boisduval, [1834], Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. 1(24): 241, pl. 47, figs. 6, 7, by original designation. Preoccupied by Hallia Edwards & Haime, 1850, Brit. foss. Corals (Pal. Soc. 3): lxvi.

=    Erynnides Burns, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 37: 24-25. Type-species: Nisoniades propertius Scudder & Burgess, 1870, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 298, fig. 11, by original designation.

 

zarucco group Burns, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 37: 28.

 

Erynnis zarucco (Lucas, 1857)

In: Sagra, Hist. Cuba 7(2): 641-642.

Original Combination: Thanaos Zarucco

Type Locality: “habite l’île de Cuba”

Types: Type(s) probably in MNHP.

            =    diogenes (Plötz, 1884)

Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 37: 34, no. 62; cited unpublished pl. 1041.

Original Combination: [Antigonus] Diogenes

Type Locality: “Cuba”

Types: Type(s) may be in ZSMC or lost.

            =    terentius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 292, fig. 6 ♂ valvae; figured by Scudder (1889), Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 2(11): pl. 9, fig. 15 ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Terentius

Type Locality: “Florida”

Types: Syntype (#15833) in MCZ.

Scott (1998), Papilio (n.s.) 11: 8, made a first reviser choice of terentius over ovidius (below). Furthermore, he suggested that terentius be regarded as a mainland subspecies of zarucco. A more substantial analysis is needed. This synonymy follows Mielke (2005), Cat. Amer. Hesp. 3: 551-553.

                   =    ovidius (Scudder & Burgess, 1870)

Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 13: 295, fig. 8 ♂ valvae.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Ovidius

Type Locality: “Florida”

Types: Type(s) may be in MCZ.

                   =    naevius (Lintner, 1881)

Papilio 1(5): 69.

Original Combination: Nisoniades Naevius

Type Locality: “Indian River, Florida” [Brevard County]

Types: Syntypes (#7771, 6247) in NYSM.

Bibliography

 

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