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Euphydryas gillettii (W. Barnes, 1897)
(Gillette's Checkerspot)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Larval foodplants
Caprifoliaceae: Lonicera involucrata Banks ex Spreng, Lonicera caerulea L. var. cauriana (Fernald) B. Boivin , Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake 
Valerianaceae: Valeriana occidentalis Heller 

Scrophulariaceae: Pedicularis groenlandica ssp. groenlandica Retz., Veronica wormskjoldii Roemer & J.A. Schultes


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Euphydryas Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 48. Type-species: Papilio phaeton Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 1: 42-43, pl. 21, figs. 3, 4; 2: index, by original designation. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 700.


Euphydryas gillettii (W. Barnes, 1897)

Can. Entomol. 29(2): 40-41.

Original Combination: Melitaea Gillettii

Type Locality: “Yellowstone Park, Wyoming”

Types: Syntypes in USNM; figured by Gunder (1929), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 6(1): pl. 12, ♂ D&V, and by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 56, fig. 22 ♀ D (actually a ♂).

            =    glacialis (Skinner, 1921)

Entomol. News 32(3): 89.

Original Combination: Melitaea glacialis

Type Locality: “Two Medicine Lake, Glacier National Park, Montana” [Glacier County]

Types: Syntype (#7022) in ANSP.

                   =    ‡”herri” Gunder, 1929

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 6(1): 8.

Original Combination: Euphydryas gilletti tr. f. herri

Type Locality: “Martina, near Stark, Missoula County, Montana”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.


Barnes, William. 1897. Some new species and varieties of North American Lepidoptera from the western U. S. Canadian Entomologist 29(2): 39-42. {[1] Feb 1897} [description of Melitaea Gilletti

Bauer, David L. 1961. Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 127-146, in: P. R. Ehrlich & A. H. Ehrlich, How to know the butterflies. Dubuque, Iowa; W. C. Brown Co.: [8] + 262 pp., 525 figs. {1961} 

Bauer, David L. 1975. Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 139-195, in: W. H. Howe (ed.) The butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls., 32 tf. {[7 Nov] 1975} 

Comstock, John Adams. 1940. Notes on the early stages of Euphydryas gilletti Barnes. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences 39(2): 111-113, pl. 20. {15 Dec 1940} 

Ehrlich, Paul Ralph, Raymond R. White, Michael C. Singer, Stephen W. McKechnie and Lawrence Edmund Gilbert. 1975. Checkerspot butterflies: a historical perspective. Science 188(4185): 221-228, 2 figs., 1 tbl. {18 Apr 1975} 

Ferris, Clifford Duras and Frederick Martin Brown. 1981. Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain states. Oklahoma; Univ. Oklahoma Press: 442 pp., 4 cpls., many figures [contributions from Donald Eff, Scott Ellis, Michael Fisher, Lee D. Miller, James Scott and Raymond Stanford] {1981} 

Gunder, Jeane Daniel. 1929. The genus Euphydryas Scud. of boreal America (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 6(1): 1-8, 16 pls. {Jul 1929} [description of Euphydryas gilletti transition form herri

Hall, Gaylord C. 1924. Notes on Polygonia j-album, Cercyonis alope, Phyciodes tharos, Heodes epixanthe and Euphydryas gilletti. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 32(2): 109-111, pl. 11. {[15] Jun 1924} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1978. A revision of the genus Euphydryas Scudder (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologist=s Gazette 29(3): 109-115 {21 Jul 1978} 

Holdren, Cheryl E. and Paul R. Ehrlich. 1981. Long range dispersal in checkerspot butterflies: transplant experiments with Euphydryas gillettii. Oecologia 50(1): 125-129 {Aug 1981} 

Holland, William Jacob. 1931. The butterfly book. New and thoroughly revised edition. A popular and scientific manual, describing and depicting all the butterflies of the United States and Canada. Garden City, New York; Doubleday, Doran & Co. xii + 424 pp., 77 pls., 198 + [1] text figs. {1931}

Skinner, Henry. 1921. A new species of Melitaea from Montana (Lepid., Rhop.). Entomological News 32(3): 89. {[7] Mar 1921} [description of Melitaea glacialis

Wahlberg, Niklas and Marie Zimmerman. 2000. Pattern of phylogenetic relationships among members of the tribe Melitaeini (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Cladistics 16(4): 347-363, 4 figs., 3 tbls. {Dec 2000} 

Williams, Ernest H. 1981. Thermal influences on oviposition in the montane butterfly Euphydryas gillettii. Oecologia 50(3): 342-346. {Sep 1981} 

Williams, Ernest H. 1988. Habitat and range of Euphydryas gillettii Barnes (Nymphaldiae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 42(1): 37-45, 2 figs. {16 Mar 1988} 

Williams, Ernest H. 1990. Dietary breadth in Euphydryas gillettii (Nymphaldiae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 44(2): 94-95, 1 tbl. {2 Nov 1990} 

Williams, Ernest H. 1995. Fire-burned habitat and reintroductions of the butterfly Euphydryas gillettii (Nymphaldiae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 49(3): 183-191, 2 figs. {26 Sep 1995} 

Williams, Ernest H. and M. Deane Bowers. 1987. Factors affecting host-plant use by the montane butterfly Euphydryas gillettii American Midland Naturalist 118(1): 153-161. {Jul 1987} 

Williams, Ernest H., Cheryl E. Holdren and Paul R. Ehrlich. 1984. The life history and ecology of Euphydryas gillettii Barnes (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 38(1): 1-12, 2 figs., 2 tbls. {16 Mar 1984} 

Zimmerman, Marie, Niklas Wahlberg & Henri Descimon. 2000. Phylogeny of Euphydryas checkerspot butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 93(3): 347-355, 4 figs., 5 tbls. {May 2000}

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