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Eurytides marcellus (Cramer, 1777)
(Zebra Swallowtail)

Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Immatures
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

E USA & Canada

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Eurytides Hübner, [1821]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [92]. Type-species: Eurytides iphitas Hübner, [1821], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [92], figs. 3, 4, by monotypy.

=    Bellerographium Möhn, 2002

In: Bauer and Frankenbach, Butts. World. Part. 14: 5. Type-species: Papilio bellerophon Dalman, 1823, Analecta Entomol.: 37, no. 1, by original designation.

 

marcellus group K. Brown, 1991

Entomol. Z. 101(21): 399.

 

Eurytides marcellus (Cramer, 1777)

Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 4, pl. 98, figs. F ♂ D, G ♂ V; (16): 149 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Equ[es]. Achiv[us]. Marcellus

Type Locality: “Virginien” “Virginie”

Types: Possible syntype (#665081) in BMNH.

                   =    †ajax (Linnaeus, 1758) in partim

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 26; cited Ray (1710), Hist. Ins.: 111, no. 2, and Edwards (1743), Nat. Hist. Birds 1: pl. 34.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. E[ques Achivus] Ajax

Type Locality: “America boreali”

Types: Type(s) lost.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 286 suppressed this name, and placed it on the Official Index of Unavailable and Rejected Names as name no. 68. The original description of ajax applied to several different insects. Linnaeus based his description on figures from earlier authors, and in North America the species figured include Eurytides marcellus (Cramer, 1777), Papilio glaucus Linnaeus, 1758 and P. polyxenes asterius (Stoll, 1782).

            =    telamonides (C. Felder & R. Felder, 1864)

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 14: 303, no. 205; cited Papilio ajax (sensu Palisot de Beauvois (1805), Ins. Afr. Amér.: 71, pl. 2, fig. 2).

Original Combination: [Papilio] Telamonides

Type Locality: “America sept. (Unio austral.)”

Types: Syntypes in NMW and BMNH.

The reference to Palisot de Beauvois qualified as an indication and made this name available (Code Articles 12.1 and 12.3).

                   =    ‡”walshii” (W. H. Edwards, [1872])

Butts. N. Am. [1](9): [1-2], pl. Papilio 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D.

Original Combination: [Papilio] Ajax var. Walshii

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: No “types” designated.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”abbottii” (W. H. Edwards, [1872])

Butts. N. Am. [1](9): [2], pl. Papilio 1, fig. 6 ♂ D.

Original Combination: [Papilio Ajax] var. Abbotii

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: No type(s) designated.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”floridensis” (W. Holland, 1898)

Butt. Book: 307, pl. 44, fig. 2 ♂ D.

Original Combination: [Papilio ajax winter form] floridensis

Type Locality: “St. Johns River, in Florida”

Types: “Syntypes” in CMNH.

                   =    ‡”lecontei” (Rothschild & Jordan, 1906)

Novit. Zool.. 13(3): 690, no. 138d’; cited Papilio marcellus (sensu Boisduval and Le Conte (1829), Hist. Lepid. Amér. sept. (1): pl. 2, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3, larva, 4 pupa).

Original Combination: P[apilio]. marcellus f. aest. Le Contei

Type Locality: “Nashville” [Davidson County, Tennessee]

Types: “Syntypes” in BMNH.

                   =    ‡”tockhorni” (Schultz, 1908)

Entomol. Z. 22(23): 92.

Original Combination: Papilio ajax ab. (nov.) tockhorni

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of “holotype” not known.

                   =    ‡”broweri” (Gunder, 1927)

Entomol. News 38(9): 269.

Original Combination: Papilio marcellus tr. fm. broweri

Type Locality: “Willard, Missouri” [Greene County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

                   =    ‡”pricei” (W. D. Field, 1936)

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 18-19.

Original Combination: Iphiclides marcellus gen. aest. Le Contei tr. f. pricei

Type Locality: “Greenwood Co., Kansas”

Types: “Holotype” probably in USNM.

                   =    ‡”nigrosuffusa” (W. D. Field, 1936)

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 19.

Original Combination: Iphiclides marcellus gen. aest. Le Contei tr. f. nigrosuffusa

Type Locality: “Lawrence, Kansas” [Douglas County]

Types: “Holotype” probably in USNM.

                   =    ‡annonae (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 49, no. 108; cited Papilio marcellus Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 4, pl. 98, figs. F, G; (16): 149 (index), and Papilio ajax (sensu J. E. Smith (1797), in: Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia 1: pl. 4).

Original Combination: P[apilio]. A[chivus]. Annonae

Proposed as a replacement name for ajax and marcellus based on an erroneous foodplant name in Smith and Abbot; a junior objective synonym of Papilio marcellus.

‡”cubensis” (Boullet & Le Cerf, 1912)

Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat., Paris Suppl. [1]18(2): 41.

Original Combination: [Papilio] marcellus-cubensis

Proposed without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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