Haetera macleannania H. Bates, 1865
Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
Costa Rica to W Ecuador
Original description from: Bates, Henry Walter [1825-1892] "New species of butterflies from Guatemala and Panama, collected by Osbert Salvin and F. du Cane Godman, Esqs." Entomologist's monthly Magazine 1(8):180 (January 1865).
74. – HETÆRA MACLEANNANIA. ♂. Expans. 3" 2'". ♀. 3" 5'". Allied to Hetæra Piera; hind-wing produced and angular near the middle of its outer border. Wings transparent; fore-wing costal and outer margins dusky, hind-wing destitute of the yellowish cloud existing in H. Piera, outer border with two large ocelli and a more or less broken brown line; the middle of the border in the male has a small reddish spot, in the female the whole anal portion, or one-third the surface of the wing, is of a rich rosy-red hue.
Isthmus of Panamá. Named after its captor, Mr. Macleannan. This gentleman has also sent home a species of Hetæra which, although known, is perhaps of more interest than a new one would be, as it enables us to rectify an error into which entomologists have fallen with regard to some of these transparent winged species. It is, without doubt, the true Andromeda of Fabricius (Menander, Drury; Piretus, Cramer), and entirely distinct from the species so abundant in the interior of South America, which has gone hitherto under the name of Andromeda. This latter must now take the name of H. Aurora, given it by Dr. Felder (Wein. Ent. Monats., 1862, p. 175). The true Andromeda turns out to be a smaller insect, not larger than H. Esmeralda; above, it principally differs from Aurora in the feeble intensity of the rosy hue of the hind-wings, and their dark outer border with absence of brown sub-marginal line. Beneath, H. Andromeda may be always distinguished by a red tinge at the base, and on the basal part of the costa of the hind-wing. I have since seen several examples of the true Andromeda, in a collection from New Granada.
Text from from Godman, Frederick DuCane, and Osbert Salvin ([1889-91]) "Biologia Centrali-Americana. Insecta. Lepidoptera-Rhopalocera." London, Dulau & Co., Bernard Quaritch. v. 1, p. 65-66:
1. Hetæra macleannania. (Tab. VI. figg. 3, 4.)
Hætera macleannania, Bates, Ent. Month. Mag. i. p. 1801.
♂ alis anticis vitreo-hyalinis, venis et marginibus fuscis; posticarum margine
externo in medio valde producto et rubro tincto, striga irregulari submarginali,
duos ocellos nigros flavo circumcinctos et albo punctulatos, in marginem includente,
a margine costali ad marginem externum medium, deinde ad marginem internum
extensa fusca: subtus ut supra.
Hab. COSTA RICA (Van Patten2); PANAMA, Santa Fé (Arcé), Lion-Hill station (M'Leannan1).
This species may readily be distinguished from the Guiana H. piera by the absence
in both sexes of the yellow clouding of the apical half of the secondaries – a character
which prevails to a greater or less extent in all the local forms of H. piera except that
found in South Brazil, which has received the name H. hymenæa from Dr. Felder, and
which is almost certainly the same as H. diaphana of Lucas. The latter name was
bestowed upon an insect supposed to have come from Cuba; but we have no more
reason for believing that it did so than we have for crediting H. nereis, also included
in Ramon de la Sagra's work, to the same island, neither having since been found
there. In their paper on Costa-Rica butterflies2 Messrs. Butler and Druce called the
species of that country H. diaphana; but as Lucas lays stress upon the outer margin
of the secondaries of his insect being less angular than in H. piera, and on the
absence of red in the same region, we cannot admit this identification, and prefer to
adhere to the name bestowed by Mr. Bates upon a female from Panama, with which
Costa-Rican specimens of the same sex are identical.