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Hamadryas feronia farinulenta (Fruhstorfer, 1916)
(Variable Cracker)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

 

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

S TX (rare stray), E & W Mexico to Ecuador, Venezuela, Trinidad

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Hamadryas Hübner, [1806]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [47]. Type-species: Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 779-780, no. 176, by monotypy.

      =    ‡Apatura [Illiger], [1807]

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1181. Type-species: Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 779-780, no. 176, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 suppressed this name and placed on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 37.

=    Ageronia Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 42. Type-species: Papilio chloe Stoll, 1787, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (1): 22, pl. 5, figs. 1, 1a; (3): 182 (index), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 104-105, no. 34.

      =    ‡Philocala Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 79. Type-species: Papilio amphinome Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 779-780, no. 176, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 248, no. 851. A junior objective synonym of Hamadryas.

=    Peridromia Lacordaire, 1833

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. [1]2: 392. Type-species: Papilio arethusa Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(7): 122-123, pl. 77, figs. E, F; (8): 151 (index) (= Papilio laodamia Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): 49, pl. 130, fig. A; (16): 149 (index); homonym), by designation of Lamas (1980), J. Lepid. Soc. 34(2): 85.

      =    ‡Peridromia Boisduval, [1836]

Spec. gén. Lépid. 1: pl. 23 [= 7C], fig. 5. Type-species: Papilio arethusa Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(7): 122, pl. 77, figs. E, F; (8): 151 (index) (= Papilio laodamia Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(11): 49, pl. 130, fig. A; (16): 149 (index); homonym), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Peridromia Lacordaire, 1833, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. [1]2: 392.

=    Amphichlora C. Felder, 1861

Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. germ. Nat. Cur. 28(3): 19, under Ageronia, no. 37. Type-species: Papilio feronia Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 473, no. 95, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 109-110, no. 63.

 

Hamadryas feronia (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10): 473, no. 95; cited Clerck [1764], Icon. Ins. 2: pl. 31, fig. 1 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphalis gemmatus] Feronia

Type Locality: “India”; suggested to be “probably Guianas” by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 326.

Types: Type(s) apparently lost.

            =    catablymata (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 542.

Original Combination: [Ageronia feronia] catablymata

Type Locality: “mittelbrasilianischen” [Central Brazil]

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    obumbrata (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 542.

Original Combination: [Ageronia feronia] obumbrata

Type Locality: “Paraguay”

Types: Syntype in BMNH; figured by Jenkins (1983), Bull. Allyn Mus. (81): 58, figs. 69 ♂ D, 70 ♂ V.

            =    peruviana (Bryk, 1953)

Ark. Zool. (ns)5(1): 114, no. 256.

Original Combination: Peridromia feronia ssp. peruviana

Type Locality: “Roque, SW Moyob” [Peru]

Types: Syntypes in NHRS.

 

Hamadryas feronia farinulenta (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 542.

Original Combination: [Ageronia feronia] farinulenta

Type Locality: “Honduras”; syntypes from “Honduras, Cortés, San Pedro Sula” and “Mexico.”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH; figured by Jenkins (1983), Bull. Allyn Mus. (81): 61, figs. 73 ♂ D, 74 ♂ V, 75 ♀ D, 76 ♀ V.

                   =    insularis (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 542.

Original Combination: [Ageronia feronia] insularis

Type Locality: “Insel Trinidad”; syntypes from “Trinidad, Belmont.”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

                   =    nobilita (Fruhstorfer, 1916)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(206): 543.

Original Combination: [Ageronia feronia] nobilita

Type Locality: “Venezuela und Colombien...Panamá, Chiriqui...Venezuela”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

Bibliography

 

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