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Hemiargus ceraunus antibubastus Hübner, 1818
(Ceraunus Blue)

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(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Hemiargus Hübner, 1818

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 19. Type-species: Hemiargus antibubastus Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [18], figs. 99, 100; 19, no. 50 (= Hesperia ceraunus, Fabricius, 1793, Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 303, no. 149; subspecies), by designation of Hemming (1934), Gen. Names Holarct. Butts. 1: 104.


Hemiargus ceraunus (Fabricius, 1793)

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 303, no. 149.

Original Combination: H[esperia]. R[urales]. Ceraunus

Type Locality: “America meridionalis Insulis”; defined as “Jamaica and Hispaniola” by W. Comstock and Huntington (1943), Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 45(2): 107; stated to be “probably Jamaica” by Klots (1951), Field Guide Butts. N. Am.: 159; suggested to be “Jamaica or Hispaniola” by F. Brown (1972), in: F. Brown and Heineman, Jamaica Butts.: 252.

Types: Syntypes in ZMUC.

Lamas (2004g), Atl. Neotrop. Lepid. Chcklst. Part 4A: 139, placed ceraunus and all of its subspecies under Hemiargus hanno (Stoll, 1790), Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (3): 170, pl. 39, fig. 2 ♂ D, 2B ♂ V; 183 (index). This view was supported by W. Comstock and Huntington (1943), Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 45(2): 106-107, N. Riley (1975), Field Guide Butts. W. Indies: 109, pl. 12, figs. 12a, 12b, F. Brown and Heineman (1972), Jamaica Butts.: 252-253, D. Smith et al. (1989), J. Lepid. Soc. 43(4): 282, and (1994), Butts. W. Indies & S. Florida: 128, but disputed by Wood (1924), Entomol. News 35(10): 359-361, Nabokov (1945), Psyche 52(1/2): 20, Scott (1986), Papilio (n.s.) 3: 7, and K. Johnson and Bálint (1995), Reps. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Wisc. (Stevens Point) (54): 1-15. Schwartz (1989), Butts. Hispaniola: 262-266, reported H. hanno and H. ceraunus as widely sympatric on Hispaniola, but did not indicate how he separated them. Additional research is needed to resolve the issue.


Hemiargus ceraunus antibubastus Hübner, 1818

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [18], figs. 99 ♂ D, 100 ♂ V [1813]; 19, no. 50 (1818, name given).

Original Combination: Hemiargus Antibubastus

Type Locality: “Georgien in Florida”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

This taxon was originally given the name Rusticus bubastus Hübner, 1808, Erste Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett.: 5, but this document was suppressed by I.C.Z.N. Opinion 789.

                   =    pseudoptiletes (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (12): 114-117, pl. 35, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♀ D, 7 ♀ V; cited Polyommatus filenus Poey, 1832, Cent. Lép. Cuba (2): pl. [13], figs. [1], [2], [3], Rusticus hanno Hübner [1812], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [98], Papilio ubaldus Stoll, 1781, Uitl. Kapellen 4(32): pl. 390, figs. L, M, and Polyommatus ubaldus Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 682, no. 207.

Original Combination: A[rgus]. Pseudoptiletes

Type Locality: “Caroline, la Virginie, Géorgie, dans plusiers Antilles et au Mexique”

Types: Types were the specimens upon which Émile Blanchard based his illustrations, probably from Boisduval’s collection. A “type” is supposedly in USNM, but Calhoun (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58(3): 156, discussed the dubious nature of such Boisduval “types.”



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