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Hesperia comma borealis Lindsey, 1942
(Common Branded Skipper)

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Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Hesperia Fabricius, 1793

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 258, no. 187. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(2): 200. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 1240 placed this name on the Official Index of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 2178. Due to the erroneous type designation by Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 187-189, most of what is now known as Pyrgus was previously called Hesperia. The name “Steropes” was introduced by Rafinesque (1815), Analyse Nat.: 128, for an unspecified part of what he called “Hesperia Cuvier.” No other information was given. This name is unidentifiable, does not conform to Code Article 12, and is unavailable; it is also preoccupied by Steropes Steven, 1806, Mém. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 1: 166.

      =    ‡Pamphila [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 287, no. 41. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, by designation of Westwood (1840), Intro. Class. Ins. 2: 88. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793.

      =    ‡Diorthosus Rafinesque, 1815

Analyse Nat.: 128, no. '7' [37]. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, as replacement name for “Hesperia Cuvier”, erroneously thought to be preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793.

      =    ‡Phidias Rafinesque, 1815

Analyse Nat.: 128, no. 41. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, as replacement name for Pamphila [Fabricius], 1807, erroneously thought to be preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793.

      =    ‡Symmachia Sodoffsky, 1837

Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 10(6): 82, no. 16. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, as replacement name for Hesperia Fabricius, 1793, erroneously thought to be preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793; this name is also preoccupied by Symmachia Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 26.

=    Ocytes Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 76. Type-species: Hesperia metea Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 177-178, no. 79, by original designation.

=    Anthomaster Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 78. Type-species: Hesperia leonardus T. Harris, 1862, Ins. injur. Veget. (3rd ed.): 314, fig. 138, by original designation.

      =    ‡Urbicola Tutt, 1905

Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts. 1(1): 84. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793. Tutt erroneously attributed this name to Barbut, thereby making it a senior synonym of Hesperia; however, Barbut did not use the name in a generic sense (see Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 454), but followed Linnaeus' usage as an interposed adjective.

 

comma group MacNeill, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 35: 65-67.

 

Hesperia comma (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162; cited Linnaeus (1746), Fauna Svecica: 241, no. 793, and Merian (1730), Europ. Ins.: 15, pl. 48.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus urbicola]. Comma

Type Locality: “in Europa”; suggested to be “Sweden” by Verity (1940), Farfalle diurn. Ital. 1: 112, based on citation in Fauna Svecica.

Types: Lectotype in LSUK, designated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 314.

I.C.Z.N. Opinion 1240 placed this name on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology as name no. 2838. The Palaearctic synonymy is not listed. Layberry et al. (1998), Butts. Can.: 52-54, treated North American populations of “comma” as three species-level taxa. This had been done before (e.g., MacNeill (1964), Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 35: 89-90), in a slightly different fashion. The treatment presented by Layberry et al. is adopted here, although as noted by Opler and A. Warren (2002), Sci. Names List Butts. N. A.: 12, the relationship between assiniboia and colorado requires more study; these two taxa may be conspecific.

 

Hesperia comma borealis Lindsey, 1942

Denison Univ. Bull., J. Sci. Lab. 37(1/2): 19, pl. 1, fig. 6 ♂ genitalia, pl. 4, fig. 9 ♂ V (holotype), 16 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Hesperia borealis

Type Locality: “Nain, Labrador” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Holotype in CUIC.

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