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Hesperia leonardus montana (Skinner, 1911)
(Leonard's Skipper)

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Hesperia Fabricius, 1793

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 258, no. 187. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(2): 200. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 1240 placed this name on the Official Index of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 2178. Due to the erroneous type designation by Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 187-189, most of what is now known as Pyrgus was previously called Hesperia. The name “Steropes” was introduced by Rafinesque (1815), Analyse Nat.: 128, for an unspecified part of what he called “Hesperia Cuvier.” No other information was given. This name is unidentifiable, does not conform to Code Article 12, and is unavailable; it is also preoccupied by Steropes Steven, 1806, Mém. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 1: 166.

      =    ‡Pamphila [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 287, no. 41. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, by designation of Westwood (1840), Intro. Class. Ins. 2: 88. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793.

      =    ‡Diorthosus Rafinesque, 1815

Analyse Nat.: 128, no. '7' [37]. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, as replacement name for “Hesperia Cuvier”, erroneously thought to be preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793.

      =    ‡Phidias Rafinesque, 1815

Analyse Nat.: 128, no. 41. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, as replacement name for Pamphila [Fabricius], 1807, erroneously thought to be preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793.

      =    ‡Symmachia Sodoffsky, 1837

Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 10(6): 82, no. 16. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, as replacement name for Hesperia Fabricius, 1793, erroneously thought to be preoccupied. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793; this name is also preoccupied by Symmachia Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 26.

=    Ocytes Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 76. Type-species: Hesperia metea Scudder, 1863, Proc. Essex Inst. 3: 177-178, no. 79, by original designation.

=    Anthomaster Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 78. Type-species: Hesperia leonardus T. Harris, 1862, Ins. injur. Veget. (3rd ed.): 314, fig. 138, by original designation.

      =    ‡Urbicola Tutt, 1905

Nat. Hist. Brit. Butts. 1(1): 84. Type-species: Papilio comma Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 484, no. 162, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Hesperia Fabricius, 1793. Tutt erroneously attributed this name to Barbut, thereby making it a senior synonym of Hesperia; however, Barbut did not use the name in a generic sense (see Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. Suppl. 9: 454), but followed Linnaeus' usage as an interposed adjective.

 

leonardus group MacNeill, 1964

Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 35: 134-135.

 

Hesperia leonardus T. Harris, 1862

Ins. injur. Veget. (3rd ed.): 314-315, fig. 138 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Hesperia Leonardus

Type Locality: “Massachusetts” implied from the title of the first edition of the book; stated to be “Massachusetts” by Morris (1862), Smithsonian Misc. Coll. [4]: 110, no. 16. Reverend L. W. Leonard lived in Boston.

Types: Syntypes (#26350) in MCZ.

=    lidia Plötz, 1882

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(1-3): 64, no. 394; cited unpublished pl. 607.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Lidia

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) may be in ZSMC or lost.

Godman (1907), Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)20(116): 144, suggested that this is a “var. of Limochores manataqua Scudd.”, through an examination of the unpublished drawing made by Plötz; however, Evans (1955), Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (4): 324, considered this a synonym of Hesperia leonardus on the same basis. This name may best be considered a nomen dubium.

=    liberia Plötz, 1883

Stettiner Entomol. Ztg. 44(4-6): 220, no. 473; cited unpublished pl. 661.

Original Combination: [Hesperia] Liberia

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) may be in ZSMC or lost.

Evans (1955), Cat. Am. Hesp. Brit. Mus. (4): 320, considered this a senior synonym of Hesperia woodgatei (R. Williams, 1914); however there is little support for that notion.

=    stallingsi H. Freeman, 1944

Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 38(5): 153-154.

Original Combination: Hesperia leonardus stallingsi new form

Type Locality: “Blendon, Franklin Co., Ohio”

Types: Holotype in AMNH.

 

Hesperia leonardus montana (Skinner, 1911)

Entomol. News 22(9): 413.

Original Combination: Pamphila pawnee montana

Type Locality: “Colorado”; defined in error as “Chaffee Co., 7500" by Gillham and Ehrlich (1954), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 80(3/4): 110; subsequently defined as “Buffalo Creek, Jefferson County, Colorado” by Scott and Stanford (1983), J. Res. Lepid. 20(1): 27-28.

Types: Lectotype (#7086) in ANSP, designated by Scott and Stanford (1983), J. Res. Lepid. 20(1): 27; a paralectotype figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 52, fig. 29 ♂ D.

Bibliography

 

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