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Limenitis archippus lahontani Herlan, 1971
(Viceroy)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Limenitis [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 281, no. 10. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 55. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 701. R. Chermock (1950), Am. Midl. Nat. 43(3): 513-569, united many genus-level taxa under Limenitis, some of which have since been elevated. The use of Basilarchia for Nearctic species is not warranted until a thorough analysis of all related taxa has been conducted.

      =    ‡Najas Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97 suppressed this publication. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 80.

      =    ‡Callianira Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 38. Type-species: Callianira ephestiaena Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 38, no. 334 (= Papilio ephestion Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (2): 121, pl. 25, figs. 1A ♂ D, 1B ♂ V; (3): 183 (index); a synonym of Papilio astyanax, Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20, which is a subspecies of Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Callianira Péon & Lesueur, 1810, Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris 15(85): 65.

      =    ‡Nymphalis Boisduval, [1828]

Europ. Lepid. Ind. Meth.: 14. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86.

      =    ‡Nympha Krause, 1839

In: Thon, Faun. Thüringen 4(4/5): 86. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by designation of Scudder (1872), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 293, no. 755 bis. Preoccupied by Nympha Fitzinger, 1826, Nouv. Class. Rept. 29, and a junior objective synonym of Limenitis.

      =    ‡Nymphalis (C. Felder, 1861)

Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. germ. Nat. Cur. 28(3): 41, no. 97. Type-species: Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20 (= Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4; subspecies), by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 37. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86, and also a junior objective synonym of Basilarchia Scudder, 1872.

=    Basilarchia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 29. Type-species: Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20 (= Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4; subspecies), by original designation.

=    Ladoga Moore, 1898

Lepid. Ind. 3(32): 146; (33): 174. Type-species: Papilio camilla Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 304, no. 122, by original designation.

=    Azuritis Boudinot, 1986

Nouv. Rev. Entomol. (n.s.) 2(4): 405. Type-species: Limenitis reducta Staudinger, 1901, Cat. Lepid. Palae. (3rd ed.): 22, no. 135a, by original designation. Gorbunov (2001), Butts. Russia Class.: 159, treated this taxon as a subgenus.

 

Limenitis archippus (Cramer, 1775)

Uitl. Kapellen 1(1): pl. 16, figs. A ♂ D, B ♂ V; (2): 24; (8): 151 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Dan[aus] Festiv[us]. Archippus

Types: “eiland Jamaica in Noord-Amerika” “Jamaique dans l’Amerique Septentrionale”; suggested to be “New York” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 178.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

=    disippe (Godart, [1824])

Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 393, no. 152.

Original Combination: Nymphalis Disippe

Type Locality: “Guyane” in error.

Types: Syntypes may be in USNM or MNHP.

This name was spelled “dissipus” by Boisduval and Le Conte [1837], Hist. Lepid. Amér. sept. (23): 204, representing either an incorrect subsequent spelling or an unjustified emendation.

=    ‡”pseudodorippus” Strecker, 1878

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 143, no. 287c; cited Mead (1872), Can. Entomol. 4(11): 216.

Original Combination: [Limenitis Misippus] ab. c. ♀ Pseudodorippus

Type Locality: “Catskill Mts., New York...near Holyoke, Mass.”

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH, figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 59, fig. 30 ♀ D.

=    ‡”rubidus” Strecker, 1878

Butts. & Moths N. Am., Comp. Syn. Cat.: 144, no. 289b; cited Mead (1872), Can. Entomol. 4(11): 217.

Original Combination: [Limenitis Ephestion] ab. b. Rubidus

Type Locality: Not stated; possible “holotype” from “Berks Co., Penn.” [Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” in FMNH.

Gunder (1934), Can. Entomol. 66(2): 46, noted that although this taxon was described through indication, there is a “type” from “Berks Co., Penn.”, in FMNH.

=    ‡”arthechippus” Scudder, 1888

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 1(2): 296-297.

Original Combination: B[asilarchia] arthechippus (arthemis-archippus)

Type Locality: “Chateauguay Basin” [Quebec]

Types: “Holotype” (#29306) in MCZ.

=    ‡”lanthanis” (Cook & F. Watson, 1909)

Can. Entomol. 41(3): 77, pl. 5, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♀ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Basilarchia archippus new variety lanthanis

Type Locality: “Albany, N. Y.” [Albany County. New York]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

=    ‡”advena” Ellsworth, 1918

Lepidopterist 2(3): 22.

Original Combination: Limenitis archippus v. advena

Type Locality: “Johnson City, N. Y.” [Broom County, New York]

Types: “Syntypes” in USNM.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

=    ‡”cayuga” (Nakahara, 1923)

Entomol. News 34(1): 10.

Original Combination: Basilarchia missipus ab. cayuga

Type Locality: “Ithaca, New York” [Tompkins County]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

=    ‡”nivosus” (Gunder, 1929)

Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 24(5): 325, pl. 30, fig. 1 ♂ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Basilarchia archippus tr. f. nivosus

Type Locality: “Mystic, Conn.” [New London County, Connecticut]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”rubrofasechippus” Gunder, 1934

Can. Entomol. 66(2): 47-48, no. 22.

Original Combination: Basilarchia archippus hyb. rubrofasechippus

Type Locality: “Beulah, Manitoba, Canada”

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH.

=    ‡”weidechippus” Cross, 1936

Hobbies 41(5): 112.

Original Combination: Basilarchia hyb. weidechippus

Type Locality: Not stated, but received from Schryver, so possibly “Platte River, near Denver” [Jefferson County]

Types: “Holotype” in DNHC; figured by Cross (1937), Proc. Colo. Mus. Nat. Hist. 16(1): 17 ♂ D&V.

 

Limenitis archippus lahontani Herlan, 1971

J. Res. Lepid. 9(4): 217-218, fig. 2, top left ♂ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Limenitis archippus lahontani

Type Locality: “Nevada, Lyon Co., Fernley”

Types: Holotype in LACM.

Bibliography

 

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