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Limenitis lorquini ilgae C. Guppy, 2001
(Lorquin's Admiral)

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Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Limenitis [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 281, no. 10. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 55. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 701. R. Chermock (1950), Am. Midl. Nat. 43(3): 513-569, united many genus-level taxa under Limenitis, some of which have since been elevated. The use of Basilarchia for Nearctic species is not warranted until a thorough analysis of all related taxa has been conducted.

      =    ‡Najas Hübner, [1806]

Tentamen: [1]. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 97 suppressed this publication. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 80.

      =    ‡Callianira Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 38. Type-species: Callianira ephestiaena Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 38, no. 334 (= Papilio ephestion Stoll, 1790, Aanhangs. Werk Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (2): 121, pl. 25, figs. 1A ♂ D, 1B ♂ V; (3): 183 (index); a synonym of Papilio astyanax, Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20, which is a subspecies of Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4), by monotypy. Preoccupied by Callianira Péon & Lesueur, 1810, Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris 15(85): 65.

      =    ‡Nymphalis Boisduval, [1828]

Europ. Lepid. Ind. Meth.: 14. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86.

      =    ‡Nympha Krause, 1839

In: Thon, Faun. Thüringen 4(4/5): 86. Type-species: Papilio populi Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476, no. 111, by designation of Scudder (1872), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 293, no. 755 bis. Preoccupied by Nympha Fitzinger, 1826, Nouv. Class. Rept. 29, and a junior objective synonym of Limenitis.

      =    ‡Nymphalis (C. Felder, 1861)

Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. germ. Nat. Cur. 28(3): 41, no. 97. Type-species: Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20 (= Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4; subspecies), by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 37. Preoccupied by Nymphalis Kluk, 1780, Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86, and also a junior objective synonym of Basilarchia Scudder, 1872.

=    Basilarchia Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rept. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 29. Type-species: Papilio astyanax Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 447, no. 20 (= Papilio arthemis Drury, 1773, Ill. Nat. Hist. 2: 17, index, pl. 10, figs. 3, 4; subspecies), by original designation.

=    Ladoga Moore, 1898

Lepid. Ind. 3(32): 146; (33): 174. Type-species: Papilio camilla Linnaeus, 1764, Mus. Lud. Ulr.: 304, no. 122, by original designation.

=    Azuritis Boudinot, 1986

Nouv. Rev. Entomol. (n.s.) 2(4): 405. Type-species: Limenitis reducta Staudinger, 1901, Cat. Lepid. Palae. (3rd ed.): 22, no. 135a, by original designation. Gorbunov (2001), Butts. Russia Class.: 159, treated this taxon as a subgenus.

 

Limenitis lorquini Boisduval, 1852

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 301-302, no. 42.

Original Combination: Limenitis Lorquini

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper; restricted to “Hwy. 70 at Soda Creek, E. Branch North Fork Feather River Canyon, 2500' elev., Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 16.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 16, figs. 87 ♂ D, 88 ♂ V.

=    eavesii Hy. Edwards, 1877

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]7(13): 172.

Original Combination: Limenitis Lorquini Var. Eavesii

Type Locality: “from Vancouver Island...near Virginia City, Nevada”; lectotype from “Virginia City, Storey County, Nevada.”

Types: Lectotype in AMNH, designated by Austin (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (50): 636.

=    ‡”gunderi” W. D. Field, 1936

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 24.

Original Combination: Basilarchia lorquini tr. f. gunderi

Type Locality: “El Dorado Co., Calif.” [California]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

=    ‡”fridayi” Gunder, 1932

Can. Entomol. 64(12): 284.

Original Combination: Basilarchia lorquini form fridayi

Type Locality: “Leevining Creek, near Mono Lake, Mono County, Calif.” [California]

Types: Holotype in AMNH.

Gunder (1934), Can. Entomol. 66(2): 45, determined that this is a hybrid between L. weidemeyerii and L. lorquini; also see Boyd et al. (2000), Holarct. Lepid. 6(2): 37-74.

 

Limenitis lorquini ilgae C. Guppy, 2001

Butts. B. C.: 317, 319, figs. ♂ D&V (holotype), ♀ D&V.

Original Combination: Limenitis lorquini ilgae

Type Locality: “BC, Bamberton, Jones Creek Road to Oliphant Lake” [British Columbia]

Types: Holotype in BCPM.

                         =    ‡”maynardi” (W. D. Field, 1936)

J. Entomol. & Zool. 28(2): 24-25.

Original Combination: Basilarchia lorquini race burrisoni tr. f. maynardi

Type Locality: “Vancouver, B. C., Canada” [British Columbia]

Types: “Holotype” in USNM.

Bibliography

 

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