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Lycaena phlaeas shields Kemal & Kocak, 2007
(American Copper)

Type Specimens photo collection:


 

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

[alpestris is preoccupied]

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Lycaena [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 285, no. 32. Type-species: Papilio phlaeas Linnaeus, 1761, Fauna Svecica (ed. 2): 285, no. 1078, by designation of J. Curtis (1824), Brit. Entomol. 1(3): pl. 12, [1]. American species in this genus were reviewed by Pratt and D. Wright (2003), Pan-Pac. Entomol. 78(4): 219-229.

 

Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus, 1761)

Fauna Svecica (ed. 2): 285, no. 1078; cited Linnaeus (1746), Fauna Svecica: 247, 248, no. 807, Merian (1730), Europ. Ins.: pl. 164, Petiver (1699), Mus. Petiver. Cent. Rar. Nat. Cont. (4/5): 34, no. 317, and Ray (1710), Hist. Ins.: 125, no. 20.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. P[lebejus ruricola]. Phlaeas

Type Locality: “in pratis Westmanniae” [Vestmanland, Sweden]

Types: Type(s) apparently lost, as noted by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 365.

            =    eleus (Fabricius, 1798)

Entomol. Syst. Suppl.: 430.

Original Combination: H[esperia]. R[urales]. Eleus

Type Locality: “Germania”

Types: Syntype in ZMUC.

 

Lycaena phlaeas shields Kemal & Koçak, 2007

Centre Entomol. Stud. Ankara. Misc. Pap. (135): 7.

Proposed as a replacement name for Lycaena phlaeas alpestris J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998, preoccupied, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

                         =    ‡ alpestris J. Emmel & Pratt, 1998

Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (52): 662, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V (holotype); 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Lycaena phlaeas alpestris

Type Locality: “California: Mono County; north slope of Mt. Dana...11,200-11,800'”

Types: Holotype in LACM.

Preoccupied by Lycaena alpestris Freyer, 1851, Neuer Beitr. Schmett. Abbild. Natur. 6(98): 162, pl. 583, figs 3, 4.

The proposal of this name resulted from the determination that hypophlaeas represents the widespread eastern North American taxon.

Bibliography

 

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