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Marpesia p. petreus (Cramer, 1776)
(Ruddy Daggerwing)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Central America & most of South America

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

  Genus Marpesia Hübner, 1818

Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: 32. Type-species: Marpesia eleuchea Hübner, 1818, Zutr. Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [35], figs. 197, 198; 32, no. 99, by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 212, no. 659.

=    Athena Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (3): 36. Type-species: Papilio “thetis” (= thetys) Fabricius, 1777, Gen. Ins.: 264 (= Papilio petreus Cramer, 1776, Uitl. Kapellen 1(8): 138, pl. 87, figs. D, E; (8): 154 (index); homonym), by monotypy.

=    Euglyphus Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 80. Type-species: Papilio chiron Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40, by monotypy.

=    Marius Swainson, 1830

Zool. Illustr. (2)1(9): pl. 45, unnumbered text. Type-species: Papilio marius Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 14, pl. 200, figs. D, E; (24): 175 (index) (= Papilio chiron Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40; synonym), by original designation.

      =    ‡Petreus Swainson, 1833

Zool. Illustr. (2)3(24): pl. 110, unnumbered text. Type-species: Papilio thetys Fabricius, 1777, Gen. Ins.: 264 (= Papilio petreus Cramer, 1776, Uitl. Kapellen 1(8): 138, pl. 87, figs. D, E; (8): 154 (index); homonym), by monotypy. A junior objective synonym of Athena.

=    Megalura Blanchard, 1840

In: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 446. Type-species: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 359, no. 31 (= Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [51], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V; synonym), by original designation.

=    Tymetes Doyére, [1840]

In: Cuvier, Règne Animal. (3rd ed) Ins. 2(10): pl. 139, fig. 1. Type-species: Tymetes merops Doyère, [1840], in: Cuvier, Règne Animal. (3rd ed) Ins. 2(10): pl. 139, fig. 1, by monotypy.

This name was spelled “Timetes” by Scudder (1875), Bull. Buffalo Soc. Nat. Sci. 2(4): 237, 356, no. 37; an unjustified emendation.

      =    ‡Timetes E. Doubleday, [1845]

List Spec. Lepid. Brit. Mus. 1: 87. Type-species: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 359 (= Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [51], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 223. A junior objective synonym of Megalura.

      =    ‡Timetes Boisduval, 1870

Consid. Lépid. Guat.: 44. Type-species: Papilio marius Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 14, pl. 200, figs. D, F; (24): 175 (index) (= Papilio chiron Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 452, no. 40; synonym), by designation of Hemming (1939), Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (B)8(7): 135. Preoccupied by Timetes E. Doubleday, 1845.

      =    ‡Eumargareta Grote, 1898

Can. Entomol. 30(9): 201, 202. Type-species: Nymphalis coresia Godart, [1824], in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(2): 359 (= Marpesia zerynthia Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [51], figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V; synonym), as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Megalura Blanchard, 1840, erroneously thought preoccupied; a junior objective synonym of Megalura.

 

Marpesia petreus (Cramer, 1776)

 

Marpesia petreus petreus (Cramer, 1776)

Uitl. Kapellen 1(8): 138, pl. 87, figs. C ♂ D, D ♂ V; (8): 154 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Eq[uites]. Achiv[i]. Petreus

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Syntypes in the BMNH.

As indicated by Lamas et al. (2004), Atl. Neotrop. Lepid. Chcklst. Part 4A: 235, and Llorente et al. (2004), J. Lepid. Soc. 58 (4): 217, northern populations of this species currently lack a trinomial.

Bibliography

 

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