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Morpho p. polyphemus Westwood, 1850
(White Morpho)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:


 

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

SE AZ (rare stray), W Mexico to El Salvador

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Morpho [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 280. Type-species: Papilio achilles Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 463-464, no. 32, by designation of Westwood (1851), in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2)(40): 341. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 137 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 564.

      =    ‡Heliornis Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 79. Type-species: Papilio achilles Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 463-464, no. 32, by designation of Hemming (1934), Entomol. 67(849): 37. A junior objective synonym of Morpho [Fabricius], 1807.

      =    ‡Brassolis [Illiger], 1807

Allg. Lit.-Zeit. 2(303): 1181. Type-species: Potamis leonte Hübner, [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [79], figs. 1, 2 (= Papilio achilles Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 463-464, no. 32), by designation of Hemming (1964), Annot. Lepid. (4): 122. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 232 suppressed this name and placed it on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 38.

      =    ‡Potamis Hübner, [1807]

Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [79]. Type-species: Potamis leonte Hübner, [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [79], figs. 1, 2 (= Papilio achilles Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 463-464, no. 32), by monotypy. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 137 gave precedence to Morpho [Fabricius], 1807, over Potamis Hübner, [1807]. I.C.Z.N. Direction 4 suppressed the name Potamis for the purposes of priority, but not homonymy, and placed it on the Official Index of Rejected and Invalid Names in Zoology as name no. 212.

=    Megamede Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 50. Type-species: Papilio rhetenor Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(2): 22-23, pl. 15, figs. A, B; (8): 154 (index), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 213, no. 662.

=    Leonte Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 52. Type-species: Potamis leonte Hübner, [1807], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [79], figs. 1, 2 (= Papilio achilles Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 463-464, no. 32), by tautonymy.

=    Iphimedeia Fruhstorfer, 1912

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(152): 335. Type-species: Papilio hercules Dalman, 1823, Analecta Entomol.: 40, no. 6, by designation of Hemming (1943), Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (B)12(2): 25.

=    Iphixibia Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 29, 30, 164. Type-species: Papilio anaxibia Esper, 1801, Ausl. Schmett. (15/16): 223-224, pl. 50, fig. 1, by original designation.

=    Cytheritis Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 29, 30, 165. Type-species: Leonte portis Hübner, [1821], Samml. exot. Schmett 2: pl. [77], figs. 1, 2 by original designation.

      =    ‡Cypritis Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 29, 31, 178. Type-species: Papilio rhetenor Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(2): 22, pl. 15, figs. A, B; (8): 154 (index), by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Megamede Hübner, [1819].

=    Pessonia Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 29, 31, 187. Type-species: Papilio catenarius Perry, 1811, Arcana 2: pl. [60], by original designation.

=    Balachowskyna Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 30, 31, 178. Type-species: Morpho aurora Westwood, 1851, in: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2)(40): 339 (nota), by original designation.

=    Grasseia Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 30, 31, 190. Type-species: Papilio menelaus Linnaeus, 1759, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 461, no. 19, by original designation.

=    Schwartzia Blandin, 1988

Gen. Morpho 1: 31. Type-species: Papilio hecuba Linnaeus, 1771, Mant. Plant. (2nd ed.): 534, by original designation.

‡”Zeuxidion” Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Les Morpho D'Amerique, Part I: 174.

Name proposed without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

 

Morpho polyphemus Westwood, 1850

 

Morpho polyphemus polyphemus Westwood, [1850]

In: Gen. diurn. Lepid. (2): pl. 55, fig. 1 ♂ D; (40): 339, no. 6 (1851).

Original Combination: Morpho Polyphemus

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Syntype (#5035) in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”selene” Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Morpho Amerique: 187.

Original Combination: [Morpho (Pessonia) polyphemus] forme selene

Type Locality: not stated, “Mexico” implied.

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”psukhe” Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Morpho Amerique: 187.

Original Combination: [Morpho (Pessonia) polyphemus] forme psukhe

Type Locality: “Guerrero” [Mexico]

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”chromomene” Le Moult & Réal, 1962

Morpho Amerique: 188.

Original Combination: [Morpho (Pessonia) polyphemus] forme chromomene

Type Locality: not stated, “Mexico” implied.

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.

Bibliography

 

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