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Nymphalis a. antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Mourning Cloak)

Type Specimens photo collection:

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Nymphalis Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86-89, no. 148. Type-species: Papilio polychloros Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 113, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 223. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 702.

      =    ‡Scudderia Grote, 1873

Can. Entomol. 5(8): 144. Type-species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Scudderia Stål, 1873, Öfvers. K. VetenskAkad. Förh. 30: 41.

=    Euvanessa Scudder, 1889

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 1(3): 387. Type-species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112, as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Scudderia Grote, 1873, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Roddia Korshunov, 1995

In: Korshunov & Gorbunov, Butts. Asiatic Russia: 81-82. Type-species: Papilio l-album Esper, 1781, Die Schmett. 1(2)(2): pl. 62 (cont. 12), figs. 3a, 3b; (3): 69-71, by original designation. Wahlberg and Nylin (2003), Cladistics 19(3): 221-222, and Wahlberg et al. (2005), Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86(2): 235, 238, 250, determined this synonymy.

      =    ‡Antiopana Korb, 2005

Cat. Butts. ex USSR: 72. Type-species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Euvanessa

 

Nymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)

 

Nymphalis antiopa antiopa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112; cited Linnaeus (1746), Fauna Svecica: 232, no. 772, among others.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphalis phaleratus] Antiopa

Type Locality: “etiam in Americae”; “Sweden” implied from the reference to Fauna Svecica.

Types: Lectotype in LSUK, designated by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 297.

                   =    pompadour (Pollich, 1781)

Bemerk. Khurpfälz, phys.-oekon. Ges. (1779): 258.

Original Combination: Papilio Pompadour

Type Locality: “Pfalz”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                         =    ‡ morio (Retzius, 1783)

Gen. Spec. Ins.: 31, no. 9; cited de Geer (1752), Mém. Hist. Ins. 1(1): 305, figs. 1-9, and Papilio atalanta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. Morio

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of types not known.

Preoccupied by Papilio morio Scopoli, 1763, Entomol. Carn.: 181-182, no. 464.

                   =    lintnerii (Fitch, 1857)

Trans. N. Y. State Agric. Soc. 16(1856): 485, no. 211.

Original Combination: Vanessa Lintnerii

Type Locality: “New York”; probably “Schoharie, Schoharie County” were Lintner lived.

Types: Probably lost; no specimens were mentioned from the NYSM by J. Barnes (1988), Bull. N. Y. State Mus. (461): 112.

                   =    thomsonii (Butler, 1887)

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5)19(110): 104.

Original Combination: Vanessa Thomsonii

Type Locality: “British Honduras?”

Types: Holotype in BMNH.

                   =    hyperborea (Seitz, 1913)

In: Seitz, Grossschmett. Erde 5(189): 457, pl. 93f, fig. [1] ♀ D.

Original Combination: Vanessa antiopa var. hyperborea

Type Locality: “allerhöchsten Norden, in Alaska”

Types: Location of holotype not known, possibly in SMNS.

Shapiro (1981), J. Lepid. Soc. 35(2): 124-131, considered this a subspecies-level taxon, while Layberry, et al. (1998), Butts. Can.: 203, treated this as a synonym of N. a. antiopa.

                   =    borealis (Wnukowsky, 1927)

Mitt. Münchn. Entomol. Ges. 17(7-12): 69, no. 2.

Original Combination: Vanessa (Euvanessa) antiopa borealis

Type Locality: “Siberia septentrionalis-orientalis (Jakutsk)” [Sakha Autonomous Republic, Russia]

Types: Syntypes in UTR.

                         =    ‡”hygiaea” (Heydenreich, 1851)

Lepid. Europ. Cat. Meth. (Edit. 3): 7; cited Papilio antiopa (sensu Hübner [1836], Samml. europ. Schmett. 1: fig. 993, sensu Herbst (1794), in: Jablonsky, Natursyst. Ins., Schmett. 7: pl. 168, figs, 1, 2, sensu Esper (1777) Die Schmett. 1(1)(5): pl. 29, fig. 2, and sensu Freyer [1835], Neuer Beitr. Schmett. 2(25): pl. 145).

Original Combination: Vanessa [Antiopa] ab. Hygiaea

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Possible “syntype(s)” in NMW and ZSMC.

This name was mentioned by Heydenreich (1846), Verz. europ. Schmett. (ed. 2): 1 (as Vanessa antiopa v[ar]. hygiea), without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

                         =    ‡”betulae” (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 111, no. 2; cited Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112.

Original Combination: V[anessa]. Betulae

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, based on a larval foodplant; a junior objective synonym of antiopa.

                         =    ‡bibla (Fabricius, 1938)

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 111, no. 3.

Original Combination: V[anessa]. Bibla

Type Locality: “Pennsylvania”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

                         =    ‡”obscura” (Cockerell, 1890)

Entomol. Rec. & J. Var. 1(1): 14; cited the description of a specimen by Bunker (1876), Can. Entomol. 8(12): 240.

Original Combination: Vanessa antiopa [= var obscura]

Type Locality: “near Rochester, in New York State” [Monroe County]

Types: Location of “holotype” not known.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                         =    ‡”hippolyta” (Lyman, 1898)

Can. Entomol. 30(3): 49, pl. 4, fig. 6 ♀ D (“holotype”).

Original Combination: [Vanessa Antiopa] ab. Hippolyta

Type Locality: “Boundary Creek, B. C.” [British Columbia]

Types: “Holotype” in LEMQ.

                         =    ‡”grandis” (Ehrmann, 1900)

Can. Entomol. 32(11): 348.

Original Combination: Vanessa antiopa, Var. grandis ♀, nov. var.

Type Locality: “S. W. Penn’a.” [Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1927), Ann. Carnegie Mus. 17(2): pl. 25, fig. 5 ♀ D

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

Bibliography

 

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