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Nymphalis l-album j-album (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])
(Compton Tortoiseshell)

Pinned Specimens photo collection
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Pinned Specimens photo collection
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Live Adults
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Nymphalis Kluk, 1780

Zwierz. Hist. Nat. Pocz. Gospod. 4: 86-89, no. 148. Type-species: Papilio polychloros Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 477, no. 113, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(845): 223. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 702.

      =    ‡Scudderia Grote, 1873

Can. Entomol. 5(8): 144. Type-species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112, by monotypy. Preoccupied by Scudderia Stål, 1873, Öfvers. K. VetenskAkad. Förh. 30: 41.

=    Euvanessa Scudder, 1889

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 1(3): 387. Type-species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 476-477, no. 112, as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Scudderia Grote, 1873, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

=    Roddia Korshunov, 1995

In: Korshunov & Gorbunov, Butts. Asiatic Russia: 81-82. Type-species: Papilio l-album Esper, 1781, Die Schmett. 1(2)(2): pl. 62 (cont. 12), figs. 3a, 3b; (3): 69-71, by original designation. Wahlberg and Nylin (2003), Cladistics 19(3): 221-222, and Wahlberg et al. (2005), Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86(2): 235, 238, 250, determined this synonymy.

      =    ‡Antiopana Korb, 2005

Cat. Butts. ex USSR: 72. Type-species: Papilio antiopa Linnaeus, 1758, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Euvanessa

 

Nymphalis l-album (Esper, 1781)

Die Schmett. 1(2)(2): pl. 62 (Cont. 12), figs. 3a ♂ D&V, 3b ♀ D&V; (3): 69-71; cited Papilio vau album [Schiffermüller] (1775), Ankündung eines syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend: 176, no. 7.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. Nymph[alis]. Phal[erata]. L album

Type Locality: “Ungarn und Oesterreich”; fig. 3 is from “der Gegend von Wien” [Vienna, Austria]

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

                   =    ‡vaualbum ([Schiffermüller], 1775) (emended)

Ankündung eines syst. Werkes Schmett. Wiener Gegend: 176, no. 7.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. Vau album

Type Locality: “Wienergegend” implied from the title of the work. [Vienna, Austria]

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

Gillham (1956), Psyche 63(1): 28, suggested that this name is a nomen nudum, and Koçak (1981), Priamus 1(2): 77, note 73, determined the same. Koçak (1986), Priamus 4(1/2): 24, no. 618, further demonstrated that this name, as proposed by [Schiffermüller], was not accompanied by a description, definition or indication, and stated that Papilio l-album Esper, 1780, is the oldest available name for this taxon (also see Kudrna (1986), Butts. Europ. 8, Section 4.5: 168, and Kudrna and Belicek (2005), Oedippus 23: 1-32). A petition (Case 3241) has been submitted to the I.C.Z.N. concerning various names from [Schiffermüller], 1775. In anticipation of a ruling by the I.C.Z.N. on the status of Schiffermüller’s names, vaualbum is herein considered unavailable.

                   =    ‡”chelone” Schultz, 1903

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. “Iris” 15(2): 324-325.

Original Combination: Vanessa l-album aberr. chelone

Type Locality: “Oesterreich”

Types: Location of “type(s)” not known.

 

Nymphalis l-album j-album (Boisduval & Le Conte, [1835])

Hist. Lepid. Amér. sept. (17): pl. 50, figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♀ V; (21): 185-186.

Original Combination: V[anessa]. J Album

Type Locality: “environs de New-York, de Philadelphie et de New-Harmony-Indiana”

Types: Types were the specimens upon which Émile Blanchard based his illustrations, probably from Boisduval’s collection, possibly in USNM or MNHP.

                         =    ‡”aureomarginata” (Cockerell, 1889)

Entomol. 22(311): 100; cited an unspecified Maynard reference. This is determined to be Maynard (1886), Butts. N. England (ed. 1): 15, where Maynard described the suppression of the dorsal marginal pattern.

Original Combination: Grapta j-album aureomarginata

Type Locality: Not stated, “New England” implied from the title of Maynard’s work.

Types: “Holotype” may be in MCZ or lost.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

‡”pocahontas” Scudder, 1889

Butts. E. U. S. & Can. 1(3): 379.

Original Combination: [Eugonia j-album] = Vanessa pocahontas Harr., manuscript

Proposed in the synonymy of j-album without a description or indication; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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