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Ochlodes agricola nemorum (Boisduval, 1852)
(Rural Skipper)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

 

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Ochlodes Scudder, 1872

4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 78. Type-species: Hesperia nemorum Boisduval, 1852, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10: 314 (= Hesperia agricola Boisduval, 1852, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10: 314; subspecies), by original designation. Chiba and Tsukiyama (1996), Butterflies 14: 3-16, revised this genus. The relative precedence of the various taxa named by Boisduval has not been unequivocally stated anywhere. This arrangement generally follows L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 42, Ferris (1989), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (3): 72, and Mielke (2005), Cat. Amer. Hesp. 5: 1112-1116.

 

Ochlodes agricola (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 314-315, no. 76; figured by Oberthür (1913), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(1): pl. 240, fig. 2087 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Hesperia agricola

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of the paper; defined as “slope between Yellow Bluff and Cavallo Point, 2 miles SSE of Sausalito, Marin County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 21.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2) 21, figs. 141 ♂ D, 142 ♂ V.

=    yreka (W. H. Edwards, 1866)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 6(2): 200, 207-208, no. 9.

Original Combination: Hesperia Yreka

Type Locality: “San Francisco” [San Francisco County, California]

Types: Holotype in CMNH, figured by F. Brown and L. Miller (1980), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 106(1): 66, fig. 17 ♂ D&V. This is the same specimen designated as lectotype by Tilden (1961), Entomol. News 72(2): 40.

Weidemeyer (1864), Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 2(4): 541, listed “yrika” without a description or indication; it is both a misspelling and a nomen nudum.

 

Ochlodes agricola nemorum (Boisduval, 1852)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 314, no. 75; figured by Oberthür (1913), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(1): pl. 240, fig. 2086 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: Hesperia nemorum

Type Locality: “le bord des bois”; defined as “Broderick, Yolo Co., Calif.” by Scott (1981), Papilio (n.s.) 1: 11; corrected to “Queen Lily Campground, near Belden, North Fork Feather River Canyon, Plumas County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 21.

Types: Lectotype in BMNH, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 21, figs. 138 ♂ D, 139 ♂ V.

                   =    milo (W. H. Edwards, 1883)

Can. Entomol. 15(2): 34-35.

Original Combination: Pamphila Milo

Type Locality: “Mt. Hood, Oregon”; considered more likely from “the prairies of western Washington” and suggested to be “Tenino in Thurston County, Washington” by F. Brown and L. Miller (1980), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 106(1): 69; this is also impossible. See discussion below.

Types: Holotype in CMNH, figured by F. Brown and L. Miller (1980), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 106(1): fig. 18 ♂ D&V, and W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 52, fig. 44 ♂ D. This is the same specimen designated lectotype by Tilden (1961), Entomol. News 72(2): 40.

The originally stated type locality and the subsequent “restriction” are both incorrect. Ochlodes agricola has never been documented in Washington, and the only records from Oregon are in the southwestern part of the state (A. Warren (2005), Butts. Ore.: 55). Many localities provided to Edwards by Morrison were erroneous; some of these were later corrected by Morrison.

Bibliography

 

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