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Oeneis melissa semidea (Say, 1828)
(Melissa Arctic)

Type Specimens photo collection:


Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

White Mountains, New Hampshire


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Oeneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 58. Type-species: Papilio norna Thunberg, 1791, Ins. Suec. (2): 36-37, pl. 2, figs. 11, [11a], by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 196.


polixenes group Gorbunov, 2001

Butts. Russia Class.: 226.


Oeneis melissa (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 513, no. 298.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphalis]. P[halerata]. Melissa

Type Locality: “insula Terre nueve Americae”; defined as “Chateau Bay, Labrador coast” by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 421, based on Lysaght (1971), J. Banks Newfoundland Labrador: 120-155. Fabricius cited “Mus. Banks.” Banks visited St. John's and Croque on the east side of the northern peninsula, and Chateau Bay, on the Labrador coast. Oeneis melissa is not currently known to occur on Newfoundland Island. Neotype from “[Canada], Labrador, ? Tanke.” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Type(s) apparently lost; neotype in MGCL, designated by V. Lukhtanov and Eitschberger (2002), Butts. World, Suppl. 4: 4, 1d; figured by V. Lukhtanov and Eitschberger (2000), Butts. World Part. 11: pl. 1, fig. 10 ♂ D, pl. 2, fig. 10 ♂ V.


Oeneis melissa semidea (Say, 1828)

Am. Entomol. 3: pl. 50, 3 unnumbered pages.

Original Combination: Hipparchia Semidea

Type Locality: “bald summits of the White Mountains of New Hampshire “

Types: Lectotype (#7000) in ANSP (Peale collection), designated by Fox (1939), Entomol. News 50(8): 215; figured by F. Brown (1974), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 126(5): fig. 1 ♀ D&V.

                         =    ‡”nigra” (W. H. Edwards, 1894)

Butts. N. Am. 3(15): [350], pl. Chionobas 9, fig. 8 ♂ VHW.

Original Combination: [Chionobas Semidea] var. Nigra

Type Locality: “New Hampshire”; further defined as “Mount Washington, N. H.” by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 402. [Coos County, New Hampshire]

Types: “Lectotype” in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 402, fig. 30 ♂ D&V.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

‡”eritiosa” (Boisduval, [1834])

Icon. Hist. Lépid. 1(20): 197, under the discussion of Chionobas also.

Original Combination: [Chionobas] Eritiosa

Type Locality: “dans les montagnes calcaires de New-Hampshire” [White Mountains, New Hampshire]

Types: Location of “type(s)” not known, possibly never existed; a nomen nudum.



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