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Oeneis melissa semplei W. Holland, 1930
(Melissa Arctic)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

interior Labrador, N Quebec, margins of Hudson Bay


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Oeneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 58. Type-species: Papilio norna Thunberg, 1791, Ins. Suec. (2): 36-37, pl. 2, figs. 11, [11a], by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 196.


polixenes group Gorbunov, 2001

Butts. Russia Class.: 226.


Oeneis melissa (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 513, no. 298.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. N[ymphalis]. P[halerata]. Melissa

Type Locality: “insula Terre nueve Americae”; defined as “Chateau Bay, Labrador coast” by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 421, based on Lysaght (1971), J. Banks Newfoundland Labrador: 120-155. Fabricius cited “Mus. Banks.” Banks visited St. John's and Croque on the east side of the northern peninsula, and Chateau Bay, on the Labrador coast. Oeneis melissa is not currently known to occur on Newfoundland Island. Neotype from “[Canada], Labrador, ? Tanke.” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Type(s) apparently lost; neotype in MGCL, designated by V. Lukhtanov and Eitschberger (2002), Butts. World, Suppl. 4: 4, 1d; figured by V. Lukhtanov and Eitschberger (2000), Butts. World Part. 11: pl. 1, fig. 10 ♂ D, pl. 2, fig. 10 ♂ V.


Oeneis melissa semplei W. Holland, 1930

Ann. Carnegie Mus. 20(1): 50-51; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 63, figs. 1 ♂ D (lectotype), 2 ♀ D, 3 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Oeneis semplei

Type Locality: “western coast of Labrador, at the point where the Little Cape Jones River discharges into Hudson Bay” [Quebec, Canada]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 63, fig. 1 ♂ D as “type.”



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