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Oeneis polixenes subhyalina (J. Curtis, 1835)
(Polixenes Arctic)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

arctic islands and coasts; Nunavut & NWT


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Oeneis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (4): 58. Type-species: Papilio norna Thunberg, 1791, Ins. Suec. (2): 36-37, pl. 2, figs. 11, [11a], by designation of Butler (1868), Entomol. Mon. Mag. 4(45): 196.


polixenes group Gorbunov, 2001

Butts. Russia Class.: 226.


Oeneis polixenes (Fabricius, 1775)

Syst. Entomol.: 484, no. 180.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. D[anaus]. F[estivus]. Polixenes

Type Locality: “America boreali”; suggested to be “Labrador” by Troubridge and Parshall (1988), Can. Entomol. 120(7): 679; defined as “Chateau Bay, Labrador coast” by Pelham (2008), J. Res. Lepid. 40: 418, based on Lysaght (1971), J. Banks Newfoundland Labrador: 120-155. [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Holotype (#5035) in BMNH.

=    oeno (Boisduval, [1834])

Icon. Hist. Lépid. Europ. (20): 195-196, no. 7, pl. 39, figs. 4 ♂ D, 5 ♀ D, 6 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Chionobas Oeno

Type Locality: “dans la Laponie russe,” a single female “du nord de la Sibérie” (from Escholtz), and two specimens “au Labrador” (from Sommer). The lectotype is from “Labrador.” [Newfoundland and Labrador]

Types: Lectotype is the male (from Labrador) figured by Boisduval, designated by V. Lukhtanov and Eitschberger (2001), Butts. World, Suppl.4: 11, 9d, note 1.


Oeneis polixenes subhyalina (J. Curtis, 1835)

In: Ross, Voy. Search Northwest Pass., Appendix: lxviii, no. 13.

Original Combination: [Hipparchia] Subhyalina

Type Locality: “Arctic Regions”; determined from itineraries in vol. 1 and a copy of a letter from John Ross in vol. 2, Addenda: 732-735, to be the area bounded by 69.30 o-70.9o N Lat. and 91.52o-93.0oW Long, in the vicinity of the isthmus of Boothia Peninsula, named by the expedition. [Kitikmeot-Keewatin regions, Nunavut]

Types: Holotype in USNM; figured by Howe (1975), Butts. N. America: pl. 7, figs. 13 ♂ D&V.

                   =    peartiae (W. H. Edwards, 1897)

Butts. N. Am. 3(17): [407-408], pl. Chionobas 14, figs. 5 ♂ D, 6 ♂ V, 7 ♀ D, 8 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Chionobas Peartiae

Type Locality: “Winter Cove, Cambridge Bay, Victoria Land, lat. 69o, long. 106o” [Northwest Territories]

Types: Holotype in CMNH; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 62, fig. 21 ♂ D, and F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): fig. 29 ♂ D&V.

N. Riley and Gabriel (1924), Cat. Type Spec. Lepid. Rhop Brit. Mus. 1: 44, listed three syntypes (#3821 ♀ #3822 ♀ #3823 ♂); #3823 is a “pseudotype”, the others are paratypes. See F. Brown (1964), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 90(4): 400.



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