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Papilio anchisiades idaeus Fabricius, 1793
(Ruby-spotted Swallowtail)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection Page 1:

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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Texas to Colombia & NW Venezuela

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.

 

Papilio anchisiades Esper, 1788

Ausl. Schmett. (4): 53-55, pl. 13, figs. 1 ♂ D&V, 2 ♀ D&V; cited Papilio anchises (sensu Cramer, 1782, Uitl. Kapellen 4(27): pl. 318, figs. A , B), and Merian (1705), Ins. Surinam.: pl. 17.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. Equ[es]. Troj[anus]. Anchisiades

Type Locality: “Surinam” implied from the citations.

Types: Location of type(s) not known. Esper might have based his description on Cramer’s illustration of anchises.

Hemming (1964), Annot. Lepid. (3): 106, discussed the name Papilio anchises Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 460, no. 10 (a taxon currently in the genus Parides), and designated Cramer’s fig. A as the lectotype of P. anchisiades.

                   =    ‡hipponous (Hübner, [1819])

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (6): 87, no. 896; cited Papilio anchises Cramer, 1780, Uitl. Kapellen 4(27): pl. 318, figs. A-D.

Original Combination: P[riamides]. Hipponous

Proposed to replace Papilio anchises (sensu Cramer, 1780, Uitl. Kapellen 4(27): 58, pl. 318, fig. A; not anchises). The lectotype is Cramer’s figure, designated by Hemming (1964), Annot. Lepid. (3): 107. A junior objective synonym of anchisiades.

            =    archelaus Godart, 1819

In: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(1): (14), 32, no. 19; cited Merian (1705), Ins. Surinam.: pl. 17, Papilio anchises Cramer, 1780, Uitl. Kapellen 4(27): pl. 318, figs. A-D, Stoll (1787), Aanhangs. Werkes Uitl. Kapellen Pieter Cramer (1): pl. 1, fig. 2 larva, and Princeps anchises (sensu Hübner [1812], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [119]).

Original Combination: Papilio Archelaus

Type Locality: “Guyane au Brésil”

Types: Type(s) may be in MNHP.

            =    theramenes C. Felder & R. Felder, 1861

Wien. Entomol. Montaschr. 5(3): 74, no. 9.

Original Combination: Papilio Theramenes

Type Locality: “Venezuela, in provincia Caracas”

Types: Syntype in BMNH; figured by Tyler et al. (1994), Swallowtail Butts. Am.: pl. 81, fig. C ♀ D.

            =    matusiki (K. Johnson & Rozycki, 1986)

J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 94(3): 388-389, figs. 1A ♂ D, 1B ♂ V (holotype), 3H ♂ genitalia, 5A ♂ valve.

Original Combination: Heraclides matusiki

Type Locality: “Venezuela, Caripito” [Monagas]

Types: Holotype in AMNH; figured by Tyler et al. (1994), Swallowtail Butts. Am.: pl. 81, figs. K ♂ V, 7 ♂ D.

 

Papilio anchisiades idaeus Fabricius, 1793

Entomol. Syst. 3(1): 16, no. 48; cited Jones’ Icones 1: pl. 25; figured by Donovan (1800), Epit. Ins. India: pl. [19], fig. 2 (a copy from Jones’ Icones).

Original Combination: P[apilio]. E[ques Trojanus] Idaeus

Type Locality: “Madras” in error. [India]

Types: Type(s) probably lost; based on specimens figured by Jones.

                   =    pandion H. Bates, 1863

Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1863(2): 242, no. 5.

Original Combination: Papilio Anchisiades var. pandion

Type Locality: “Southern Mexico”

Types: Holotype probably in BMNH.

This butterfly was listed without a description or indication by Bates (1861), Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (2)5(8): 338; a nomen nudum.

                         =    ‡pandion C. Felder & R. Felder, 1865

Reise Novara Zool. (1): 79-80, no. 61.

Original Combination: Papilio Pandion

Type Locality: “Mexico”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

Preoccupied by Papilio anchisiades var. pandion H. Bates, 1863, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1863(2): 242, no. 5.

                   =    pandonius Staudinger, 1894

Dtsche. Entomol. Z. “Iris” 7(1): 104 (nota).

Original Combination: [Papilio] Pandonius

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio pandion C. Felder & R. Felder, [1865].

Bibliography

 

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