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Papilio androgeus epidaurus Godman & Salvin, 1890
(Androgeus Swallowtail)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Live Adults
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Immatures photo collection
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Immatures photo collection
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Greater Antilles (minus Jamaica), E Mexico to W Ecuador

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.

 

Papilio androgeus Cramer, 1775

Uitl. Kapellen 1(2): 24, pl. 16, figs. C ♂ D, D ♂ V; (8): 151 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Eq[ues]. Trojan[us]. Androgeus

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Surinam”

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

            =    orestes Meerburgh, [1777]

Afbeeld. Gewass.: [15] D2, [16] D2 verso, pls. 26 ♂ D, 30 ♂ V.

Original Combination: Papilio (Orestes)

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

            =    polycaon Cramer, 1779

Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 17-18, pl. 203, figs. A ♂ D, B ♂ V ; (24): 176 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Eq[ues]. Achiv[us]. Polycaon

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

            =    piranthus Cramer, 1779

Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 18-19, pl. 204, figs. A ♀ D, B ♀ V: (24): 176 (index); cited Merian (1705), Ins. Surinam.: pl. 31, Seba (1765), Locuplet. Rerum. Nat. Thes. 4: pl. 38, figs. 13, 14, and Kleemann (1765), Beytr. Nat. Ins. 1: pl. 8, figs. 1, 2.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Eq[ues]. Achiv[us]. Piranthus

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Location of type(s) not known, probably lost.

            =    acanthus Gmelin, [1790]

Syst. Nat. (ed. 13) 1(5): 2231, no. 290B, under Papilio androgeus; cited Papilio piranthus Cramer, 1779, Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 18-19, pl. 204, figs. A, B; (24): 176 (index).

Original Combination: Papilio Acanthus

Type Locality: “Surinamo”

Types: Location of type(s) not known.

            =    bagous Fruhstorfer, 1910

In: Koch-Grünberg, Zwei Jahre Indianern 2: 357-358, no. 54.

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Androgeus bagous

Type Locality: Not specifically stated; “oberen Rio Negro” implied from the introduction (pp. 350-351), “nordwest-Brasilien” from the title of the work.

Types: Location of type(s) not known, possibly in ZMHB or BMNH.

                   =    ‡”mira” Fassl, 1922

Entomol. Rdsch. 39(1): 1.

Original Combination: Papilio androgeus ♀ form. mira

Type Locality: “Manicoré” [Amazonas, Brazil]

Types: “Holotype” in NHMB.

                   =    ‡”feyeri” Niepelt, 1924

Int. Entomol. Z. 18(11): 49.

Original Combination: Papilio androgeos ♀ forma feyeri

Type Locality: “Ecuador”

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH; figured by Tyler et al. (1994), Swallowtail Butts. Am.: pl. 87, fig. I ♀ D.

                   =    ‡”fassli” Knop, 1925

Entomol. Z. 39(11): 43.

Original Combination: Papilio Androgeus var. Fassli

Type Locality: “Manicoré Brasilien” [Amazonas, Brazil]

Types: “Holotype” in NHMB.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                   =    ‡”decellei” Krüger, 1934

Entomol. Rdsch. 51(14): 151.

Original Combination: Papilio androgeusandrogeus ab. Decellei

Type Locality: “São Paulo de Olivenca” [Amazonas, Brazil]

Types: “Holotype” possibly in ZMUH.

                   =    ‡hibisci Fabricius, 1938

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 34, no. 57; cited Papilio androgeus Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(2): 24, pl. 16, figs. C ♂ D, D ♂ V’ (8): 151 (index).

Original Combination: P[apilio]. T[rojanus]. Hibisci

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio androgeus, based on a supposed foodplant name; a junior objective synonym of androgeus.

                   =    ‡altheae Fabricius, 1938

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 48, no. 107; cited Papilio polycaon Cramer (1779), Uitl. Kapellen 3(17): 17, pl. 203, figs. A ♂ D, B ♂ V; (24): 176 (index).

Original Combination: P[apilio]. A[chivus]. Altheae

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio polycaon Cramer (1779), based on a supposed foodplant name; a junior objective synonym of polycaon.

 

Papilio androgeus epidaurus Godman & Salvin, 1890

Biol. centr.-amer., Lepid. Rhop. 2(88): 224-225, no. 55; 3(89): pl. 69, figs. 1 ♀ D, 2 ♀ V, 3 ♂ valve.

Original Combination: Papilio epidaurus

Type Locality: “Mexico, Ciudad, Ventanas in Durango...Cordova...San Lorenzo near Cordova...Atoyac...Guatemala, forests of Northern Vera Paz, Yzabal, Polochic valley...Panzos...Pacific coast...El Reposo...Nicaragua, Chontales...Costa Rica...Panama, Bugaba...Calobre...Veraguas...Lion Hill...San Domingo”

Types: Syntypes in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”ochracea” Beutelspacher, 1976

Revta. Soc. Méx. Lepid. 2(2): 65, fig. 4 ♂ D&V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Papilio androgeus epidaurus forma ochracea

Type Locality: “Yaxchilán, Chis.” [Chiapas, Mexico]

Types: “Holotype” in UNAM.

Bibliography

 

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