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Papilio t. troilus Linnaeus, 1758
(Spicebush Swallowtail)

Type Specimens photo collection:

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Historic Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

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Immatures photo collection:

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

E USA & SE Canada

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.

 

Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758

 

Papilio troilus troilus Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 459, no. 5.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. E[ques Trojanus]. Troilus

Type Locality: “in Indiis” in error; suggested to be “lower Delaware River” by F. Brown (1968), J. Lepid. Soc. 22(2): 81; neotype from “Charleston Co., SC, visc. [sic.] Middleton Place Plantation.” [South Carolina]

Types: Type(s) apparently lost, as noted by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 388-389; neotype in MGCL, designated by Gatrelle (2000), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 2(4):. 5, fig. 5 ♂ D.

                         =    ‡ilioneus J. E. Smith, 1797

In: Smith & Abbot, Ins. Georgia 1: 3-4, pl. 2, figs. ♂ D, ♂ V, ♀ D, larvae, pupa.

Original Combination: Papilio Ilioneus

Type Locality: “Georgia” implied from the title of the work; neotype from “River Road, Burke County, GA.”

Types: Described, at least in part, from a John Abbot drawing. The specimens upon which this drawing was based are presumed lost. Neotype in MGCL, designated by Gatrelle (2000), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 2(4): 3-4, fig. 4 ♂ D.

Preoccupied by Papilio illioneus Cramer, 1775, Uitl. Kapellen 1(5): 81, pl. 52, fig. A; (8): 153 (index).

                   =    radiatus Strecker, 1900

Lepid. Rhop. Het. (suppl. 3): 17.

Original Combination: Papilio troilus var. radiatus

Type Locality: “Washington, D.C.; Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania”

Types: Syntypes in FMNH.

                         =    ‡”texanus” Ehrmann, 1900

Can. Entomol. 32(11): 348.

Original Combination: Papilio troilus, Var. Texanus ♂, nov. var.

Type Locality: “Houston, Texas”; suggested to be “Florida” by Tyler et al. (1994), Swallowtail Butts. Am.: 306, pl. 93 legend.

Types: “Holotype” in CMNH.

The text clearly indicates that this taxon was described as an individual variant.

                         =    ‡anethi Fabricius, 1938

In: Bryk, Syst. Glossat.: 21, no. 11; cited Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 459, no. 5.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. T[rojanus]. Anethi

Proposed as a replacement name for Papilio troilus Linnaeus, 1758, based on a foodplant name; a junior objective synonym of Papilio troilus.

                         =    ‡”flava” Dufrane, 1946

Bull. Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 82(5/6): 115.

Original Combination: P[apilio]. t[roilus]. troilus ab. flava

Type Locality: “Pocono Monta, Pa., E. U. A.” [Pocono Mountains, NE Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” may be in MRAC.

                         =    ‡”addenda” Dufrane, 1946

Bull. Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 82(5/6): 115.

Original Combination: [Papilio troilus troilus] ab. addenda

Type Locality: “Pocono Monta, Pa., E. U. A.” [Pocono Mountains, NE Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” may be in MRAC.

                         =    ‡”obliterata” Dufrane, 1946

Bull. Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 82(5/6): 116.

Original Combination: [Papilio troilus troilus] ab. obliterata

Type Locality: “E. U. A., sans localité précise”

Types: “Holotype” may be in MRAC.

                         =    ‡”berioi” Dufrane, 1946

Bull. Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 82(5/6): 115.

Original Combination: [Papilio troilus troilus] ab. berioi

Type Locality: “Pocono Monta, Pa., E. U. A.” [Pocono Mountains, NE Pennsylvania]

Types: “Holotype” may be in MRAC.

Bibliography

 

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