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Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852
(Anise Swallowtail)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Hybrids
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

W USA & Canada, Baja California Norte

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 458. Type-species: Papilio machaon Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 462, no. 27, by designation of Latreille (1810), Consid. gén. Anim. Crust. Arach. Ins.: 350, 440. I.C.Z.N. Opinion 278 placed this name on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology as name no. 703. The generic and subgeneric arrangement follows J. Miller (1987), Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186(4): 365-512.

 

Papilio zelicaon Lucas, 1852

Revue Mag. Zool. (2)4(3): 136-138.

Original Combination: Papilio Zelicaon

Type Locality: “Californie”; defined as “San Francisco, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (3): 78. [San Francisco County]

Types: Lectotype in MNHP, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (3): 78, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V.

            =    zolicaon Boisduval, 1852

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 281-2, no. 3.

Original Combination: Papilio zolicaon

Type Locality: “Californie” implied from the title of paper.

Types: Syntypes in USNM.

            =    californica Ménétriés, 1855

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 69-70, under no. 58; cited Papilio zolicaon Boisduval, 1852, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (2)10(2): 281-2, no. 3.

Original Combination: P[apilio] Machaon var. Californica

Type Locality: “Californie”

Types: Type(s) probably in ZIN.

            =    nitra W. H. Edwards, [1884]

Papilio 3(7-10): 158, 162, no. 3; figured by W. H. Edwards (1888), Butts. N. Am. 3(6): pl. Papilio 1, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V, 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Papilio Nitra

Type Locality: “some parts of Montana, and probably in Brit. Am.”; “Judith Mtns., Montana” implied from the title of the paper. The lectotype is from “Mt. Judith, Montana.” [Fergus County]

Types: Lectotype in CMNH, designated by F. Brown (1975), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 101(1): 26, fig. 8 ♂ D&V; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book (rev. ed.): pl. 41, fig. 2 ♂ D.

            =    gothica C. Remington, 1968

Postilla 119: 2-6, figs. 1 ♂ D, 3 ♂ V (holotype), 2 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V, 6 ♂ D, 7 ♀ D, 8 ♂ D, 9 ♀ D, 14 ♂ V, 15 ♀ V, 16 ♂ V, 17 ♀ V.

Original Combination: Papilio gothica

Type Locality: “Gothic, 9500', Gunnison Co., Colorado”

Types: Holotype in YPM.

                   =    ‡”impunctata” Fischer, 1908

Soc. Entomol. 23(17): 129.

Original Combination: Papilio zolicaon ab. impunctata

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of “type” not known.

                   =    ‡”melanotaenia” Fischer, 1908

Soc. Entomol. 23(17): 129.

Original Combination: Papilio zolicaon ab. melanotaenia

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of “type” not known.

                   =    ‡”formosa” Fischer, 1908

Soc. Entomol. 23(17): 129-130.

Original Combination: Papilio zolicaon ab. formosa

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Location of “type” not known.

                   =    ‡”mcdunnoughi” Gunder, 1928

Can. Entomol. 60(7): 162, pl. A, figs. 1 ♂ D, 1a ♂ V (“holotype”).

Original Combination: Papilio zelicaon tr. f. mcdunnoughi

Type Locality: “Waterton lakes, Alta., Can.” [Alberta]

Types: “Holotype” in CNC.

This was spelled “macdunnoughi” by dos Passos (1964), Mem. Lepid. Soc. 1: 35, representing an unjustified emendation.

‡”comstocki” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 1-2.

Original Combination: Papilio zelicaon form comstocki

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

‡”ampliatanitra” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 1-2.

Original Combination: Papilio zelicaon form ampliatanitra

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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