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Parnassius clodius altaurus Dyar, 1903
(Clodius Parnassian)

Pinned Specimens
photo collection:


 

Live Adults
photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

[= shepardi]; SE BC, E WA, ID, W MT, NW WY, E OR

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Parnassius Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(tab.): 185, no. 472, 199. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by monotypy. Koçak (1981), Priamus 1(2): 51 (nota), claimed that Parnassius was first used as a proper genus by Schneider (1785), Nomen. Entomol.: 34 (as “2 Parnassius F.”). Schneider did not use the name in a generic sense, but as an interposed adjective; Wagener (1988), Nota Lepid. 11(3): 237-238, discussed this issue. Nomina collectiva are descriptive epithets applying to individual variants below the subspecies-level. They frequently lack a description or indication and are almost always cited in some kind of quadrinomial combination. In the following synonymies, nomina collectiva are referenced for each taxon, but not listed individually.

      =    ‡Doritis [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 283, no. 22. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 60. A junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804.

      =    ‡Parnassis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (6): 90. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by designation of Hemming (1939), Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (B)8(7): 136. A junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804. This name may have been a misspelling, emendation, or a new description by Hübner; see Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomol.) Suppl. 9: 345.

      =    ‡Therius Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 75. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 199. A junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804.

=    Tadumia Moore, 1902

Lepid. Ind. 5(53): 116. Type-species: Parnassius acco Gray, [1853], Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1(Pap.): 76, no. 350, pl. 12, figs. 5, 6, by original designation.

=    Kailasius Moore, 1902

Lepid. Ind. 5(53): 118. Type-species: Parnassius charltonius G. Gray, [1853] Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1(Pap.): 77, no. 355, pl. 12, fig. 7, by original designation.

=    Koramius Moore, 1902

Lepid. Ind. 5(53): 120. Type-species: Doritis delphius Eversmann, 1843, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 16(3): 541, pl. 7, fig. 1A, B, by original designation.

=    Lingamius Bryk, 1935

Tierreich 65: 538-540. Type-species: Parnassius hardwickii G. Gray, 1831, Zool. Miscell. (J. E. Gray) (1): 32, by original designation. This name was proposed twice by Bryk (1932), Parnassiana 2(1): 1, and Parnassiana 2(2): 20; no diagnosis or type-species designation was included in either publication. Since these names were proposed after 1930, they are not available (Code Articles 13.1.1, 13.3, 67.4.1).

=    Eukoramius Bryk, 1935

Tierreich 65: 630, 673-674. Type-species: Parnassius imperator Oberthür, 1883, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 6(3)(bull.)2(5): lxxvi-lxxvii, by monotypy. This name was proposed by Bryk (1934), Parnassiana 3(3): 43; without a diagnosis or type-species designation; since this name was proposed after 1930, it is not available (Code Articles 13.1.1, 13.3, 67.4.1).

=    Driopa Korshunov, 1988

Nov. Maloizvestiye Vidy Fauny Sib. No. 20: 65-67. Type-species: Papilio mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 42, by original designation.

=    Erythrodriopa Korshunov, 1988

Nov. Maloizvestiye Vidy Fauny Sib. No. 20: 67. Type-species: Parnassius ariadne Lederer, 1853, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 3: 354, by original designation.

=    Sachaia Korshunov, 1988

Nov. Maloizvestiye Vidy Fauny Sib. No. 20: 67-68. Type-species: Parnassius tenedius Eversmann, 1851, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 24(2)(11): 621-622, no. 10, by original designation.

      =    ‡Adoritis Koçak, 1989

Priamus 4(4): 165-167. Type-species: Papilio mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 42, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Driopa Korshunov, 1988.

=    Quinhaicus Korshunov, 1990

Chlenist. Gelmint. sbornik trudov: 99. Type-species: Parnassius szechenyii Frivaldszky, 1886, Természettud. Füz. 10(1): 39, pl. 4, figs. 1, 1a, by original designation.

=    Kreizbergius Korshunov, 1990

Chlenist. Gelmint. sbornik trudov: 102. Type-species: Parnassius simo G. Gray, [1852], Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1: 76, no. 351, pl. 12, figs. 3, 4, by original designation.

=    Eversmanniodriopa Korb, 2005

Cat. Butt. ex USSR: 13. Type-species: Parnassius eversmanni [Ménétriés], [1850], in: Simashko, Russk. Fauna (17)(Lepid.): Pl. 4, fig. 5 ♂ D&V, legend, by original designation.

 

Parnassius clodius Ménétriés, 1855

Enum. corp. anim. (1): 7, no. 109; 73, no. 109.

Original Combination: Parnassius clodius

Type Locality: “Californie”; defined as “Marin county...Bear Valley” by J. Shepard and S. Shepard (1975), in: Howe, Butts. N. Am.: 405.

Types: Type(s) may be in ZIN.

Nomina collectiva were proposed for this taxon by Bryk and Eisner (1932), Parnassiana 2(6-8): 96, (1937), Parnassiana 5(1/3): 4, Eisner (1955), Zoöl. Meded. 33(17): 141, and (1957), Zoöl. Meded. 35(8): 87.

=    ‡”castus” Bryk, 1913

Arch. Naturgesch. (A)79(3): 2-3, no. 7; cited Parnassius clodius (sensu W. H. Edwards (1871), Butts. N. Am. [1](7): pl. Parnassius 1, fig. 5 ♂ D).

Original Combination: Parnassius clodius ab. castus

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: “Holotype” (#375) in ZMHB.

 

Parnassius clodius altaurus Dyar, 1903

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 5(4): 290-291.

Original Combination: Parnassius clodius var. altaurus

Type Locality: “Alturas Lake, near Saw-tooth Mt., Idaho, 7,000-9000 feet”

Types: Holotype (#6769) in USNM.

Dyar [1903], Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. 52: 1, no. 1, listed this name without a description or indication; a nomen nudum. A nomen collectivum was proposed for this taxon by Bryk and Eisner (1932), Parnassiana 2(6): 96.

                   =    gallatinus Stichel, 1907

In: Wytsman, Gen. Ins. 58: 15, no. 5d (nota 2); cited Parnassius clodius (sensu Elrod and Maley (1906), Bull. Univ. Montana 30, (Biol. Ser.) 2(10): fig. 15 ♀&♂ D.

Original Combination: Parnassius clodius gallatinus

Type Locality: “aus dem südlichen Teile von Montana”; suggested to be “Gallatin Co. Mont./ Elev. 6800" by Kohler (1978), J. Lepid. Soc. 32(1): 1-2.

Types: Lectotype in AMNH, designated by Kohler (1978), J. Lepid. Soc. 32(1): 1-2, figs. 1 ♂ D, 2 ♂ V (figs. 3 ♀ D, 4 ♀ V are of the sole paralectotype).

Nomina collectiva were proposed for this taxon by Eisner (1955), Zoöl. Meded. 33(17): 143, and (1957), Zoöl. Meded. 35(8): 89.

                   =    immaculata Skinner, 1911

Entomol. News 22(3): 108; figured by Skinner (1916), Entomol. News 27(5): pl. 12, fig. 7 ♂ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Parnassius immaculata

Type Locality: “Old Faithful Geyser, Yellowstone Park, Wyoming”

Types: Holotype (#7025) in ANSP; figured by W. Holland (1931), Butt. Book. (rev. ed.): pl. 75, fig. 3 ♂ D.

                   =    shepardi Eisner, 1966

Zoöl. Meded. 41(8): 145-146, pl. 1, figs. 1 ♂ D (holotype), 2 ♀ D.

Original Combination: Parnassius clodius shepardi

Type Locality: “Wawawai, Snake River, Whitman Co., Washington, U.S.A.”

Types: Holotype in RMNH.

A. Warren (2005), Butts. Ore.: 59, discussed this taxon and its placement in synonymy.

Nomina collectiva were proposed for this taxon by Eisner (1966), Zoöl. Meded. 41(8): 145.

Bibliography

 

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