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Parnassius eversmanni thor Hy. Edwards, 1881
(Eversmann's Parnassian)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:


 

Live Adults photo collection:

Immatures photo collection:


 

Larval Foodplants and Habitats photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Alaska, YK, W NT, N BC

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Parnassius Latreille, 1804

Nouv. Dict. Hist. Nat. 24(tab.): 185, no. 472, 199. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by monotypy. Koçak (1981), Priamus 1(2): 51 (nota), claimed that Parnassius was first used as a proper genus by Schneider (1785), Nomen. Entomol.: 34 (as “2 Parnassius F.”). Schneider did not use the name in a generic sense, but as an interposed adjective; Wagener (1988), Nota Lepid. 11(3): 237-238, discussed this issue. Nomina collectiva are descriptive epithets applying to individual variants below the subspecies-level. They frequently lack a description or indication and are almost always cited in some kind of quadrinomial combination. In the following synonymies, nomina collectiva are referenced for each taxon, but not listed individually.

      =    ‡Doritis [Fabricius], 1807

In: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 283, no. 22. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by designation of Dalman (1816), K. svenska VetenskAkad. Handl. 37(1): 60. A junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804.

      =    ‡Parnassis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (6): 90. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by designation of Hemming (1939), Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (B)8(7): 136. A junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804. This name may have been a misspelling, emendation, or a new description by Hübner; see Hemming (1967), Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Entomol.) Suppl. 9: 345.

      =    ‡Therius Billberg, 1820

Enum. Ins. Mus. Billb.: 75. Type-species: Papilio apollo Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 41, by designation of Hemming (1933), Entomol. 66(844): 199. A junior objective synonym of Parnassius Latreille, 1804.

=    Tadumia Moore, 1902

Lepid. Ind. 5(53): 116. Type-species: Parnassius acco Gray, [1853], Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1(Pap.): 76, no. 350, pl. 12, figs. 5, 6, by original designation.

=    Kailasius Moore, 1902

Lepid. Ind. 5(53): 118. Type-species: Parnassius charltonius G. Gray, [1853] Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1(Pap.): 77, no. 355, pl. 12, fig. 7, by original designation.

=    Koramius Moore, 1902

Lepid. Ind. 5(53): 120. Type-species: Doritis delphius Eversmann, 1843, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 16(3): 541, pl. 7, fig. 1A, B, by original designation.

=    Lingamius Bryk, 1935

Tierreich 65: 538-540. Type-species: Parnassius hardwickii G. Gray, 1831, Zool. Miscell. (J. E. Gray) (1): 32, by original designation. This name was proposed twice by Bryk (1932), Parnassiana 2(1): 1, and Parnassiana 2(2): 20; no diagnosis or type-species designation was included in either publication. Since these names were proposed after 1930, they are not available (Code Articles 13.1.1, 13.3, 67.4.1).

=    Eukoramius Bryk, 1935

Tierreich 65: 630, 673-674. Type-species: Parnassius imperator Oberthür, 1883, Annls. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 6(3)(bull.)2(5): lxxvi-lxxvii, by monotypy. This name was proposed by Bryk (1934), Parnassiana 3(3): 43; without a diagnosis or type-species designation; since this name was proposed after 1930, it is not available (Code Articles 13.1.1, 13.3, 67.4.1).

=    Driopa Korshunov, 1988

Nov. Maloizvestiye Vidy Fauny Sib. No. 20: 65-67. Type-species: Papilio mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 42, by original designation.

=    Erythrodriopa Korshunov, 1988

Nov. Maloizvestiye Vidy Fauny Sib. No. 20: 67. Type-species: Parnassius ariadne Lederer, 1853, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 3: 354, by original designation.

=    Sachaia Korshunov, 1988

Nov. Maloizvestiye Vidy Fauny Sib. No. 20: 67-68. Type-species: Parnassius tenedius Eversmann, 1851, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 24(2)(11): 621-622, no. 10, by original designation.

      =    ‡Adoritis Koçak, 1989

Priamus 4(4): 165-167. Type-species: Papilio mnemosyne Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 465, no. 42, by original designation. A junior objective synonym of Driopa Korshunov, 1988.

=    Quinhaicus Korshunov, 1990

Chlenist. Gelmint. sbornik trudov: 99. Type-species: Parnassius szechenyii Frivaldszky, 1886, Természettud. Füz. 10(1): 39, pl. 4, figs. 1, 1a, by original designation.

=    Kreizbergius Korshunov, 1990

Chlenist. Gelmint. sbornik trudov: 102. Type-species: Parnassius simo G. Gray, [1852], Cat. Lepid. Ins. Brit. Mus. 1: 76, no. 351, pl. 12, figs. 3, 4, by original designation.

=    Eversmanniodriopa Korb, 2005

Cat. Butt. ex USSR: 13. Type-species: Parnassius eversmanni [Ménétriés], [1850], in: Simashko, Russk. Fauna (17)(Lepid.): Pl. 4, fig. 5 ♂ D&V, legend, by original designation.

 

Parnassius eversmanni [Ménétriés], [1850]

In: Simashko, Russk. Fauna (17)(Lepid.): Pl. 4, fig. 5 ♂ D&V, legend.

Original Combination: P[arnassius]. Eversmanni

Type Locality: Not stated; “Russia” implied from the title of the work; defined as “Kansk” by Ménétriés (1855), Enum. corp. anim. (1): 74, no. 110. [Krasnoyarsk Kray, Russia]

Types: Holotype in ZIN; figured by Chikolovets et al. (2002), Butts. Transbaikal Siberia: pl. 48, fig. 4 ♂ D.

Nekrutenko and Kerzhner (1986), Entomol. Obozr. 65(4): 774, discussed this species. Nomina collectiva were proposed for this taxon by Bryk and Eisner (1932), Parnassiana 2: 92-93, Eisner (1955), Zoöl. Meded. 33(17): 139, and (1966), Zool. Verh. (81): 18.

                   =    ‡altaica Verity, [1911]

Rhop. palae. (26-29): 319, pl. 64, fig. 19 ♂ D; ind. syst.: xxiii.

Original Combination: [Parnassius eversmanni] race altaica

Type Locality: “Tchuja Mts., 1800-2400 m, S.-E. de l’Altaï” implied from the legend to plate 64.

Types: Syntypes in BMNH and ZMKU.

Preoccupied by Parnassius intermedius var. altaica Ménétriés, 1859, in: Schrenck, Reise Amur-Lande 2(1): 12, 13.

            =    lacinia Hemming, 1934

Stylops 3(9): 198.

Original Combination: Parnassius eversmanni lacinia

Proposed as a replacement name for Parnassius eversmanni race altaica Verity, [1911], with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

                   =    ‡”flavescens” O. Bang-Haas, 1927

Horae Macrolepid. 1(1): 7.

Original Combination: [Parnassius eversmanni felderi] ab. flavescens

Type Locality: “Sajan-Gebirgen” [Sayan Mountains, Krasnoyarski Kray, Russia]

Types: “Holotype” in ZMHB.

                   =    ‡”ampliusdecora” Eisner, 1928

Int. Entomol. Z. 22(32): 302.

Original Combination: [Parnassius eversmanni eversmanni] ab. ampliusdecora

Type Locality: “Sajan-Gebirge” [Sayan Mountains, Krasnoyarski Kray, Russia]

Types: “Holotype” in RMNH.

 

Parnassius eversmanni thor Hy. Edwards, 1881

Papilio 1(1): 4.

Original Combination: Parnassius Thor

Type Locality: “about 800 miles up the Yukon river, Alaska”

Types: Holotype in AMNH; figured by Skinner (1916), Entomol. News 27(5): pl. 12, fig. 1 ♀ D.

Nomina collectiva were proposed for this taxon by Bryk and Eisner (1934), Parnassiana 3(1): 15, Bryk (1934), Parnassiana 3(2): 32, and Eisner (1978), Zoöl. Meded. 53(11): 109.

                         =    ‡meridionalis Eisner, 1978

Zoöl. Meded. 53(11): 109, pl. 2, figs. 9 ♀ D, 10 ♂ D (holotype).

Original Combination: Parnassius eversmanni meridionalis

Type Locality: “Pink Mt., B. C., 122o 30' long., 57 o lat.” [British Columbia]

Types: “Holotype” in RMNH.

Preoccupied by Parnassius apollo meridionalis Pagenstecher, 1909, Entomol. Z. 22(44): 187.

                   =    pinkensis Gauthier, 1984

Entomol. Z. 94(21): 319.

Original Combination: Parnassius eversmanni pinkensis

Proposed to replace meridionalis Eisner, 1978, with the same data (Code Article 60.3).

                         =    ‡”kohlsaati” Gunder, 1932

Pan-Pac. Entomol. 8(3): 123.

Original Combination: Parnassius eversmanni race thor tr. f. kohlsaati

Type Locality: “McKinley National Park, Alaska” [Denali National Park]

Types: Holotype in AMNH.

Bibliography

 

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