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Phoebis p. philea (Linnaeus, 1763)
(Orange-barred Sulphur)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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 Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Aberrations
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Live Adults photo collection
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Live Adults photo collection
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Immatures
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Genitalia photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

SW USA (strays far N) to S Brazil, Gulf Coast to FL, P. Rico, etc.

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phoebis Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 98. Type-species: Phoebis cypris Hübner, [1819], Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 98, no. 1044 (and unjustified emendation of Papilio cipris Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 5, pl. 99, figs. E, F; (16): 148 (index); = Papilio argante Fabricius, 1775, Syst. Entomol.: 470, no. 116; synonym), by designation of Butler (1873), Lepid. Exot. (13): 155.

      =    ‡Colias Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 99. Type-species: Papilio sennae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 470, no. 72, by designation of Hemming (1939), Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. (B)8(7): 136. Preoccupied by Colias [Fabricius], 1807, in: Illiger, Mag. f. Insektenk. 6: 284.

=    Callidryas Boisduval & Le Conte, [1830]

Hist. Lépid. Amér. sept. (8): 73. Type-species: Papilio eubule Linnaeus, 1767, Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 1(2): 764, no. 102 (= Papilio sennae Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 1: 470, no. 72; synonym), by designation of Blanchard (1840), in: Castelnau, Hist. Nat. Ins. 3: 432.

      =    ‡Metura Butler, 1873

Lepid. Exot. (13): 155. Type-species: Callidryas bracteolata Butler, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1865(2): 458, pl. 26, fig. 6 (= Colias neocypris Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [136], figs. 1, 2; synonym), by designation of Scudder (1875), Proc. Am. Acad. Arts Sci., Boston 10(2): 218, no. 695. Preoccupied by Metura Walker, 1855, in: Allen's Nat. Libr., Lepid. 2: 229.

=    Parura W. F. Kirby, 1896

In: Allen, Nat. Libr. Lepid. 2: 229. Type-species: Callidryas bracteolata Butler, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1865(2): 458, pl. 26, fig. 6 (= Colias neocypris Hübner, [1823], Samml. exot. Schmett. 2: pl. [136], figs. 1, 2; synonym), as a replacement name. Proposed to replace Metura Butler, 1873, preoccupied (Code Articles 60.3, 67.8).

 

Phoebis philea (Linnaeus, 1763)

 

Phoebis philea philea (Linnaeus, 1763)

In: Johansson, Cent. Ins. Rar.: 21, no. 59; cited Rösel von Rosenhof (1761), Der monat. Insect.-Belustig. 4: pl. 3, fig. 5; often cited as published in Amoen. acad. 6: 404, no. 59, a subsequent reprint.

Original Combination: Papilio D[anaus]. Philea.

Type Locality: “Indiis”; suggested to be “Surinam” by L. Miller and F. Brown (1981), Mem. Lepid. Soc. (2): 86.

Types: Type(s) apparently lost, as noted by Honey and Scoble (2001), Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 132(3): 363.

                   =    aricye (Cramer, 1776)

Uitl. Kapellen 1(8): 147, pl. 94, figs. A ♂ D, B ♂ V; (8): 151 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Dan[aus] Candidi Aricye

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

Godart (1819), in: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(1): (86), 94, unjustifiably emended this to “aricia” and on page 94 misspelled it “aricie.”

                   =    melanippe (Stoll, 1781)

Uitl. Kapellen 4(31): 139-140, pl. 361, figs. E ♀ D, F ♀ V; (34): 250 (index).

Original Combination: Pap[ilio]. Dan[aus]. Cand[idus]. Melanippe

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname”

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    corday (Hübner, [1819])

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (7): 99, no. 1053; cited Papilio philea Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(15): pl. 173, figs. E, F, and Mancipium argante Hübner [1814], Samml. exot. Schmett. 1: pl. [145].

Original Combination: Colias Corday

Type Locality: “Surinamen” “Suriname” implied from the reference to Cramer.

Types: Type(s) probably lost.

                   =    lollia (Godart, 1819)

In: Ency. méth. 9(Ins.)(1): (86), 94, no. 15.

Original Combination: Colias Lollia

Type Locality: Not stated.

Types: Type(s) may be in MNHP.

                         =    ‡”obsoleta” (Niepelt, 1920)

Int. Entomol. Z. 14(3): 17.

Original Combination: [Catopsilia philea] ♀ v. obsoleta

Type Locality: “Carillo, Costa Rica”

Types: “Holotype” in BMNH.

                         =    ‡”irma” Krüger, 1929

Int. Entomol. Z. 23(4): 59.

Original Combination: Catopsilia philea ♀ ab. irma

Type Locality: “Nord-Peru”

Types: “Holotype” possibly in ZMUH (Krüger collection).

                         =    ‡”inornata” Dufrane, 1947

Bull. Annl. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 83(1/2): 65.

Original Combination: [Phoebis philea philea] ab. inornata

Type Locality: “Rio-de-Janeiro” [Brazil]

Types: “Holotype” in IRSN.

                         =    ‡”androchroma” Bryk, 1953

Ark. Zool. (n.s.) 5(1): 17, no. 29b.

Original Combination: Phoebis philea fa. androchroma

Type Locality: “Roque” [Peru]

Types: “Syntypes” in NHRS.

‡”alamacho” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 3.

Original Combination: Phoebis philea form alamacho

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

‡”crema” Scott, 1981

Papilio (n.s.) 1: 3.

Original Combination: Phoebis philea form crema

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

‡”alba” Scott, 1986

Butts. N. Am.: 205, no. 53.

Original Combination: [Phoebis philea ♀] form alba

Proposed as a “form” with no nomenclatural standing; a nomen nudum.

Bibliography

 

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