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Phyciodes b. batesii (Reakirt, [1866])
(Tawny Crescent)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Asteraceae: Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) Nesom, Symphyotrichum undulatum  (L.) Nesom

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.

 

Phyciodes batesii (Reakirt, [1866])

 

Phyciodes batesii batesii (Reakirt, [1866])

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 5(2): 226, no. 4.

Original Combination: Eresia Batesii

Type Locality: “Winchester, Va.; Gloucester, N. J.” Klots (1951), Field Guide Butts. N. Am.: 100, stated that the type locality is “Gloucester, New Jersey”; corrected to “Winchester Va.” by Scott (1994), Papilio (n.s.) 7: 44, since the only extant syntype is from Winchester. [Frederick County, Virginia]

Types: Syntype in FMNH, figured by Gatrelle (1998), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 1(3): fig. 14 ♂ D&V.

Bibliography

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1945. The genus Phyciodes (Lepidoptera, Nymphalinae). Entomologica Americana (n.s.)24: 139-207. {Oct 1944, 24 May 1945} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1932. New Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist 64(12): 276-284. {31 Dec 1932} [description of Phyciodes batesii transitional form harperi

Gatrelle, Ronald R. 1998. Two new Nymphalidae from western North Carolina: New subspecies of Speyeria aphrodite and Phyciodes batesii. The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(3): 1-7, 19 figs. {1 Dec 1998} 

Gunder, Jean Daniel. 1932. New Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomology 64(12): 276-284. {31 Dec 1932} [description of Phyciodes batesii tr. f. harperi

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

Layberry, Ross A., Peter W. Hall, J. Donald Lafontaine (plates by John T. Fowler). 1998. The butterflies of Canada. Toronto, Buffalo & London; University of Toronto Press: 280 pp., 32 pls., 294 maps and illus. {1998} 

McDunnough, James Halliday. 1920. Notes on the life-history of Phyciodes batesi Reak. (Lepid.). Canadian Entomologist 52(3): 56-59, pl. 1 {Mar 1920} 

Oliver, Charles G. 1979. Experimental hybridization between Phyciodes tharos and P. batesii (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists Society 33(1): 6-20, 1 fig., 6 tbls. {4 Jun 1979} 

Reakirt, Tryon. [1866]. Descriptions of some new species of Eresia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 5[2]: 224-227 {Oct-Dec 1865, [1 May 1866]} [description of Eresia Batesii

Röber, Johannes Karl Max 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92 {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-440, pl. 90 {10 Dec 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 10 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914}

Scott, James A. 1994. Biology and systematics of Phyciodes (Phyciodes). Papilio (n.s.) 7: 1-120, 227 figs., 12 tables {18 Nov 1994} 

Scott, James A. 1998. Phyciodes (Phyciodes): New discoveries, new subspecies, and convergence. Papilio (New Series) 10: 1-42, 41 figs., 5 tbls. {20 Feb 1998} 

Scott, James A. 2006. Phyciodes (Phyciodes): More progress. Papilio (New Series) 13: 38 pp., 5 tbls., cartoon {28 Apr 2006} 

Wahlberg, Niklas, Rita Oliviera and James A. Scott. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variations and species delimitations. Systematic Entomology 28(2): 257-273, 4 figs., 2 tbls., 1 app. {Apr 2003}

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