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Phyciodes batesii lakota Scott, 1994
(Tawny Crescent)

Type Specimens
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Pinned Specimens
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Larval Foodplants and Habitats
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Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Asteraceae: Symphyotrichum laeve var. geyeri (Gray) Nesom


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.


Phyciodes batesii (Reakirt, [1866])

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 5(2): 226, no. 4.

Original Combination: Eresia Batesii

Type Locality: “Winchester, Va.; Gloucester, N. J.” Klots (1951), Field Guide Butts. N. Am.: 100, stated that the type locality is “Gloucester, New Jersey”; corrected to “Winchester Va.” by Scott (1994), Papilio (n.s.) 7: 44, since the only extant syntype is from Winchester. [Frederick County, Virginia]

Types: Syntype in FMNH, figured by Gatrelle (1998), Tax. Rep. Int. Lepid. Surv. 1(3): fig. 14 ♂ D&V.


Phyciodes batesii lakota Scott, 1994

Papilio (n.s.) 7: 50-52, no. 6B, figs. 137 ♂ V, 138 ♂ D, 139 ♀ D, 140 ♀ V, 141 ♂ V, 142 ♂ D, 143 ♀ D, 144 ♀ V, 145 ♂ V, 146 ♂ D, 147 ♀ D, 148 ♀ V, 173 ♂ V, 174 ♂ V, 175 ♂ V, 176 ♂ D, 177 ♂ D.

Original Combination: Phyciodes (Phyciodes) batesii lakota

Type Locality: “Pine Ridge, Sioux Co. Neb.” [Nebraska]

Types: Holotype in BMNH.


Gatrelle, Ronald R. 1998. Two new Nymphalidae from western North Carolina: New subspecies of Speyeria aphrodite and Phyciodes batesii. The Taxonomic Report of the International Lepidoptera Survey 1(3): 1-7, 19 figs. {1 Dec 1998} 

Wahlberg, Niklas, Rita Oliviera and James A. Scott. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variations and species delimittions. Systematic Entomology 28(2): 257-273, 4 figs., 2 tbls., 1 app. {Apr 2003} 

Layberry, Ross A., Peter W. Hall, J. Donald Lafontaine (plates by John T. Fowler). 1998. The butterflies of Canada. Toronto, Buffalo & London; University of Toronto Press: 280 pp., 32 pls., 294 maps and illus. {1998} 

Scott, James A. 1994. Biology and systematics of Phyciodes (Phyciodes). Papilio (n.s.) 7: 1-120, 227 figs., 12 tables {18 Nov 1994} [description of Phyciodes (Phyciodes) batesii lakota

Scott, James A. 2006. Phyciodes (Phyciodes): More progress. Papilio (New Series) 13: 38 pp., 5 tbls., cartoon {28 Apr 2006}

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