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Phyciodes mylitta arizonensis Bauer, 1975
(Mylitta Crescent)

Pinned Specimens photo collection:

Aberrations photo collection:

Live Adults photo collection Page 1:

Live Adults photo collection Page 2:

Immatures photo collection:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:

Distribution: AZ, NM, W TX, N to E CO, far NW Mexico

Larval Foodplants: Asteraceae: Cirsium ochrocentrum Gray, Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten., Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng.


(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.


Phyciodes mylitta (W. H. Edwards, 1861)

Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 13(6): 160-161, no. 1.

Original Combination: Melitaea mylitta

Type Locality: “Texas; Kansas; California”; neotype from “Stanyan Hill, San Francisco, California.” [San Francisco County]

Types: Neotype in CAS, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 442, fig. 27 ♂ D&V.

=    ‡collina (Behr, 1863)

Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. [1]3(6): 86, no. 2.

Original Combination: M[elitaea]. collina

Type Locality: “California” implied from the title of the paper, “in the vicinity of San Francisco, and the hills of Contra Costa, especially on the grassy valleys, along creeks, and on hillsides” from the description; neotype from “Presidio, San Francisco, San Francisco County, California.”

Types: Type(s) destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire; neotype in CAS, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (6): 100-101, figs. 34 ♂ D, 35 ♂ V.

Preoccupied by Melitaea collina Lederer, 1861, Wien. entomol. Monatschr. 5(5): 148, pl. 1, figs. 4, 5.

=    epula (Boisduval, 1869)

Annls. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 12: 55, no. 40.

Original Combination: Melitaea Epula

Type Locality: “De l’Interieur de la Californie”; defined as “San Francisco, San Francisco County, California” by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 31.

Types: Lectotype in USNM, designated by J. Emmel et al. (1998), Syst. W. N. Am. Butts. (2): 31, figs. 234 ♀ D, 235 ♀ V. Higgins (1981), Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 43(3): 88, designated a lectotype in the in BMNH. Presumably, this was the specimen figured by Oberthür (1914), Étud. Lépid. Comp. 9(2): 80, pl. 259, fig. 2176 ♂ D&V, and is not a syntype (Code Article 74.2).

=    ‡”collinsi” Gunder, 1930

Bull. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 29(2): 62, no. 75.

Original Combination: Phyciodes mylitta tr. f. collinsi

Type Locality: “Collins Ranch, Voltair, California” [San Joaquin County]

Types: “Holotype” in AMNH; figured by J. A. Comstock (1927), Butts. Calif.: pl. 39, fig. 16 ♂ D.

=    ‡”macyi” Fender, 1930

Entomol. News 41(6): 182.

Original Combination: Phyciodes mylitta n. aberr. macyi

Type Locality: “McMinnville, Oregon” [Yamhill County]

Types: Location of “holotype” not known.


Phyciodes mylitta arizonensis Bauer, 1975

In: Howe, Butts. N. Am.: 149-150, no 12b, pl. 43, fig. 8 ♂ D&V.

Original Combination: [Phyciodes (Phyciodes) mylitta] arizonensis

Type Locality: Not stated; figured syntype from “Hannagan Meadows, White Mts., Greenlee Co., Ariz.” [Arizona]

Types: Syntypes in Bauer collection.


Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991} 

Bauer, David L. 1975. Tribe Melitaeini. Pp. 139-195, in: W. H. Howe (ed.) The butterflies of North America. Garden City, New York, Doubleday & Co.: xiii + 633 pp.; 97 pls., 32 tf. {[7 Nov] 1975} [description of Phyciodes (Phyciodes) mylitta] arizonensis

Fisher, Michael S. 2006. The butterflies of Colorado. Nymphalidae ‑ Part 3. The subfamily Nymphalinae and relatives. The checkerspots, crescentspots and the true nymphs. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.3; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: vi + 120 pp., photos {30 Sep 2006} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

Scott, James A. 1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tables {5 Jul 1992} 

Scott, James A. 1994. Biology and systematics of Phyciodes (Phyciodes). Papilio (n.s.) 7: 1-120, 227 figs., 12 tables {18 Nov 1994} 

Scott, James A. 1998. Phyciodes (Phyciodes): New discoveries, new subspecies, and convergence. Papilio (New Series) 10: 1-42, 41 figs., 5 tbls. {20 Feb 1998}

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