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Phyciodes p. picta (W. H. Edwards, 1865)
(Painted Crescent)

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 1:

Pinned Specimens photo collection Page 2:

Distribution and Larval Foodplants:
 

Larval Foodplants: Acanthaceae: Siphonoglossa pilosella (Nees) Torr.
Asteraceae: Artemisia filifolia Torr., Aster L., Rayjacksonia phyllocephala  (DC.) R.L. Hartman & M.A. Lane 
Convolvulaceae: Convolvulus arvensis L.

Synonymy

(From: A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada, Jonathan P. Pelham)

Genus Phyciodes Hübner, [1819]

Verz. bekannt. Schmett. (2): 29. Type-species: Papilio cocyta Cramer, 1777, Uitl. Kapellen 2(9): 7, pl. 101, figs. A, B; (16): 148 (index), by designation of Scudder (1872), 4th Ann. Rep. Peabody Acad. Sci. (1871): 46. The arrangement of species in this genus follows Wahlberg et al. (2003), Syst. Entomol. 28(2): 257-273.

 

Phyciodes picta (W. H. Edwards, 1865)

 

Phyciodes picta picta (W. H. Edwards, 1865)

Proc. Entomol. Soc. Philad. 4(1): 201, no. 1.

Original Combination: Melitaea picta

Type Locality: “Nebraska Territory”; defined as “North Platte, Lincoln County, Nebraska” by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 455.

Types: Lectotype in FMNH, designated by F. Brown (1966), Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 92(3): 457, fig. 32 ♂ D&V.

Species-genus gender conformation is pictus.

Bibliography

Bailowitz, Richard A. and James P. Brock. 1991. Butterflies of southeastern Arizona. Tucson, Arizona; Sonoran Arthropod Studies, Inc.: ix + 342 pp., 4 pls., figs. {1991} 

Brown, Frederick Martin. 1966. The types of the nymphalid butterflies described by William Henry Edwards--Part II, Melitaeinae. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 92(3): 357-468, 34 figs. {Sep, 20 Oct 1966} 

Edwards, William Henry. 1865. Description of certain species of diurnal Lepidoptera found within the limits of the United States and British America. No. 4. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 4[1]: 201-204, pl. 1 {Jan (preprint [Feb]); paper [11 Apr] 1865} [description of Melitaea picta

Edwards, William Henry. 1884. History of' the preparatory stages of Phyciodes picta Edw. Canadian Entomologist 16(9): 163-167. {[1] Sep 1884} 

Ferris, Clifford Duras and Frederick Martin Brown. 1981. Butterflies of the Rocky Mountain States. Oklahoma; Univ. Oklahoma Press: 442 pp., 4 cpls., many figures [contributions from Donald Eff, Scott Ellis, Michael Fisher, Lee D. Miller, James Scott and Raymond Stanford] {1981} 

Fisher, Michael S. 2006. The butterflies of Colorado. Nymphalidae ‑ Part 3. The subfamily Nymphalinae and relatives. The checkerspots, crescentspots and the true nymphs. Fort Collins; Lepidoptera of North America 7.3; Contributions of the C. P. Gillette Museum of Arthropod Diversity, Colorado State University: vi + 120 pp., photos {30 Sep 2006} 

Forbes, William Trowbridge Merrifield. 1945. The genus Phyciodes (Lepidoptera, Nymphalinae). Entomologica Americana (n.s.)24: 139-207. {Oct 1944, 24 May 1945} 

Hall, Arthur. 1928-1930. A revision of the genus Phyciodes Hubn. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the Hill Museum 2(2)(supplement 1): 1-20, pls. 1-3 {18 Jun 1928} 2(3)(supplement): 21-44 {17 Nov 1928}; 3(1)(supplement): 45-94 {30 Apr 1929}; 3(2)(supplement): 95-146 {29 Aug 1929}; 3(3)(supplement): 147-170 {30 Dec 1929}; 4(1)(supplement): 171-204 {28 Jul 1930}; 4(2)(supplement): 205-206; add. Page {29 Dec 1930} 

Higgins, Lionel George. 1981. A revision of Phyciodes Hübner and related genera, with a review of the classification of the Melitaeinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Entomology) 43(3): 77-243, 490 figs. {29 Oct 1981} 

Kendall, Roy O'Neal. 1964. Larval foodplants for twenty-six species of Rhopalocera (Papilionodiea) from Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists= Society 18(3): 129-157. {2 Nov 1964}

Röber, Johannes Karl Max 1913-1914. Gattung Phyciodes. In: A. Seitz (Ed.), Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde 5(162): pl. 92 {5 Jun 1913}; (183): 434-440, pl. 90 {10 Dec 1913}; (188): 449-450, pls. 88, 89. {[before 10 Feb] 1914}; (189): pl. 91. {14 Apr 1914} 

Scott, James A. 1992. Hostplant records for butterflies and skippers (mostly from Colorado) 1959-1991, with new life histories and notes on oviposition, immatures, and ecology. Papilio (n.s.) 6: 1-171, 10 tables {5 Jul 1992} 

Scott, James A. 1994. Biology and systematics of Phyciodes (Phyciodes). Papilio (n.s.) 7: 1-120, 227 figs., 12 tables {18 Nov 1994} 

Scott, James A. 1998. Phyciodes (Phyciodes): New discoveries, new subspecies, and convergence. Papilio (n.s.) 10: 1-42, 41 figs., 5 tables {20 Feb 1998} 

Wahlberg, Niklas, Rita Oliviera and James A. Scott. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Phyciodes butterfly species (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): complex mtDNA variations and species delimittions. Systematic Entomology 28(2): 257-273, 4 figs., 2 tbls., 1 app. {Apr 2003}

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